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Encyclopedia > Brush
"Paintbrush" redirects here. For other uses, see Paintbrush (disambiguation).
"Bottle brush" redirects here. For the tree, see Callistemon .
Different styles of paintbrushes.
Different styles of cleaning brushes.
Different styles of cleaning brushes.

The term brush refers to a variety of devices mainly with bristles, wire or other filament of any possible material used mainly for cleaning, grooming hair, make up making painting, deburring and other kinds of surface finishing, but also for many other purposes like (but not limited to) seals, alternative traction systems and any other use imaginable for this tool. The word brush may refer to: A brush, a device with bristles, wire or other filament of any possible material used mainly for cleaning, grooming hair, painting, deburring and other kinds of surface finishing A hairbrush. ... A paintbrush is a brush for applying ink or paint. ... Species About 34 species including:   Callistemon brachyandrus   Callistemon citrinus   Callistemon formosus   Callistemon linearifolius   Callistemon linearis   Callistemon pachyphyllus   Callistemon pallidus   Callistemon phoeniceus   Callistemon pinifolius   Callistemon pityoides   Callistemon rigidus   Callistemon rugulosus   Callistemon salignus   Callistemon speciosus   Callistemon subulatus   Callistemon viminalis   Callistemon viridiflorus Bottlebrush (Callistemon) is a genus with 34 species from the family... Image File history File linksMetadata Brush. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Brush. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 248 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Brush Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 248 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Brush Metadata This file contains additional... A bristle is a stiff hair or feather. ... Cleanliness is the absence of dirt, including dust, stains and a bad smell. ... For the film, see Hair (film). ... “Make-up” redirects here. ... Painter redirects here. ...

In the industry it is possible to find many configurations such as twisted in wire (like the ones used to wash baby feeding bottles), cylinders, disks (with bristles spread in one face or radially) or in any other shape needed. There are many ways of setting the bristle in the brush: the most common is the staple or anchor set brush, in which the filament is forced with a staple by the middle into a hole with a special driver and held there by the pressure against the walls of the hole and the portions of the staple nailed to the bottom of the hole. The staple can be substituted with a kind of anchor, which is a piece of rectangular profile wire that, instead of nailing itself to the bottom of hole, is anchored to the wall of the hole, like in most toothbrushes. Another way to set the bristles to the surface can be found in the fused brush, in which instead of being inserted into a hole, a plastic fiber is welded to another plastic surface, giving the additional advantage of optionally using different diameters of tufts in the same brush, and a considerably thinner surface (sometimes the bristles can be set this way to the outer surface of a plastic bottle). [citation needed]

See below for some other common kinds of brushes.


Brushes for cleaning

Brushes used for cleaning come in various forms and sizes, such as very small brushes for cleaning a fine instrument, toothbrushes, the larger household version that usually comes with a dustpan, or the broomstick. Some brushes, usually used for professional cleaning could be even bigger, such as some hallbrooms, used for cleaning wider areas. Thousands of different cleaning brushes can be found, including brushes for cleaning vegetables, cleaning the toilet, washing glass, finishing tiles, or even sanding doors. Many brushes are unique, made specifically for a given machine by the manufacturer of the machines or a few special companies dedicated to make custom designs. Three toothbrushes The toothbrush is an instrument used to clean teeth, consisting of a small brush on a handle. ... A broom is a cleaning tool consisting of stiff fibres attached to, and roughly parallel to, a cylindrical handle, the broomstick. ... Various toilet brushes A toilet brush is a domestic implement designed for the cleaning of the lavatory pan usually in conjunction with toilet cleaner or bleach. ...

brushes can be for cleaning your house.


Paintbrushes are used for applying ink or paint. These are usually made by clamping the bristles to a handle with a ferrule. An ink is a liquid containing various pigments and/or dyes used for coloring a surface to render an image or text. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A ferrule (possibly the Latin diminutive of ferrum iron) is a name for types of metal objects. ...

Paintbrushes can have many shapes. Their names and styles may vary slightly from manufacturer to manufacturer, there are certain consistencies. Traditionally, short handled brushes are for watercolor or ink painting while the long handled brushes are for oil or acrylic paint. The styles of brush tip seen most commonly are as follows:

  • Round: The long closely arranged bristles of these brushes make them useful for detail
  • Flat: These are used for spreading paint quickly and evenly over a surface. They will have longer hairs than their Bright counterpart.
  • Bright: These are flat brushes with short stiff bristles and can be useful driving paint into the weave of a canvas in thinner paint applications, as well as thicker painting styles like impasto work.
  • Filbert: Flat brushes with domed ends. They allow good coverage and the ability to perform some detail work.
  • Fan: These are used for blending broad areas of paint.
  • Angle: These, like the Filbert, are versatile and can be applied in both general painting application as well as some detail work.
  • Mop: A larger format brush with a rounded edge for broad soft paint application as well as for getting thinner glazes over existing drying layers of paint without damaging lower layers.
  • Rigger: Round brushes with longish hairs, traditionally used for painting the rigging in pictures of ships. They are useful for fine lines and are versatile for both oils and watercolors.

Image:brushtypes.jpg Image:Jane Frank Crgs And Crevices. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Brushtypes. ...

Some other styles of brush which may be more specialized in their uses include:

  • Sumi: Similar in style to certain watercolor brushes, with a generally thick wooden or bamboo handle and a broad soft hair brush that when wetted should form a fine tip.
  • Hake: These are an Asian style of brush with a large broad wooden handle and an extremely fine soft hair used in counterpoint to traditional Sumi brushes for covering large areas. Often made of goat hair.
  • Spotter: Round brushes with just a few short bristles. These brushes are commonly used in spotting photographic prints.

Brush care

  • A natural hair brush utilized in one medium (oil paint, acrylic, watercolor, etc.) should not be used again in a different medium. The nature of each medium and accompanying solvent affects the hairs of the brushes differently. Using brushes across mediums can cause them to distress prematurely. This information does not apply to synthetic hair brushes.
  • Paint and solvent residue should be cleaned from brushes immediately after use. After removing most of the paint from the bristles manually with an appropriate solvent, detergent and water should be used to clean the brush further. After a thorough cleaning, natural hair brushes benefit from using a brush conditioner on the hairs to restore oils. A conditioner can be worked into the bristles which can then be shaped to a point and left to dry. Before the next painting session, the conditioner should be removed with water. Art materials manufacturers have produced a variety of specialized products designed for specific brush types and medium usage.
  • Brushes should not be left bristle-end down in solvent for a prolonged period. Doing so will cause distress to the brush shape and may cause the bristles to splay out and lose their original shape. Different methods of suspending brushes in solvent exist (including a metal spring, mesh or clamp) that grip brush handles and do not allow the bristles of the brush to touch the bottom of the solvent container. Also, leaving brushes in solvent for a prolonged period can cause damage to the bristles themselves by stripping oils and swelling, to the ferrule, to the adhesive used to hold bristles in place, and to the wooden handle.
  • An eco-friendly way of removing oil paint from brushes while paint is wet is to immerse brush in a container containing vegetable oil. The oil will naturally cleanse away the oil paint. Use a large, plastic yogurt container with a lid, a short tin can like that in which tuna fish comes, flipped upside down with holes punched in bottom and fill the yogurt container half-way full with the vegetable oil. Swish brush, gently rubbing bristles on tin can and blot on cloth to remove excess oil and paint. Reuse oil over and over until it becomes too cloudy to use. Make sure to dispose of dirty oil properly in a sealable, non-recyclable container in your regular garbage disposal. Do not pour down sink.

Sizes and materials

Decorators' brushes

The sizes of brushes used for painting and decorating, usually given in mm or inches, refer to the width of the head. Decorator can refer to: Decorator pattern Interior decoration a Painter and decorator This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...

Common sizes are:

  • ⅛ in, ¼ in, ⅜ in, ½ in, ⅝ in, ¾ in, ⅞ in, 1 in, 1¼ in, 1½ in, 2 in, 2½ in, 3 in, 3½ in, 4 in.
  • 10 mm, 20 mm, 30 mm, 40 mm, 50 mm, 60 mm, 70 mm, 80 mm, 90 mm, 100 mm.

Bristles may be natural or synthetic. Natural bristles are preferred for oil-based paints and varnishes, while synthetic brushes are better for water-based paints as the bristles do not expand when wetted.

Handles may be wood or plastic; ferrules are metal (usually nickel-plated steel). For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ...

Artists' brushes

Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:

Artists' brushes are usually given numbered sizes, although there is no exact standard for their physical dimensions. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...

From smallest to largest, the sizes are:

  • 10/0, 7/0 (also written 0000000), 6/0, 5/0, 4/0, 000, 00, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30. Brushes as fine as 30/0 are manufactured by major companies, but are not a common size.

Sizes 000 to 20 are most common.

Artists' brushes are most commonly categorized by type and by shape.

Types include: watercolor brushes which are usually made of sable, synthetic sable or nylon; oil painting brushes which are usually made of sable or bristle; and acrylic brushes which are almost entirely nylon or synthetic. Turpentine or thinners used in oil painting can destroy some types of synthetic brushes. However, innovations in synthetic bristle technology have produced solvent resistant synthetic bristles suitable for use in all mediums. Natural hair, squirrel, badger or sable are used by watercolorists due to their superior ability to absorb and hold water. Watercolor is a painting technique making use of water-soluble pigments that are either transparent or opaque and are formulated with gum to bond the pigment to the paper. ... Binomial name Martes zibellina Linnaeus, 1758 The Sable (Martes zibellina) is a small mammal, closely akin to the martens, living in southern Russia near the Ural Mountains through Siberia and Mongolia to Hokkaidō in Japan. ... For other uses of this word, see nylon (disambiguation). ... View of Delft in oil paint, by Johannes Vermeer. ... A Bigger Splash, 1967. ... Synthetic fibers are the result of extensive research by scientists to increase and improve upon the supply of naturally occurring animal and plant fibers that have been used in making cloth and rope. ... For the band, see Turpentine (band). ... Turpentine substitute is a mineral based replacement for the vegetable based organic solvent turpentine. ...

Shapes are quite varied and often watercolor brushes come in the most variety of shapes. Rounds (pointed), flats, brights (shorter than flats) and filbert are the most common. Other shapes include stipplers (short, stubby rounds), deer-foot stipplers, liners (elongated rounds), daggers, scripts (highly elonged rounds), eggberts, fans, among others. Binomial name Corylus maxima Mill. ...

Bristles may be natural -- either soft hair or hog bristle -- or synthetic. Hog is a domestic or feral adult swine. ...

  • Soft hair brushes are made from Kolinsky sable or ox hair (sabeline); or more rarely, squirrel, pony, goat, mongoose or badger. Cheaper hair is sometimes called camel hair, though it doesn't come from camels.
  • Hog bristle (often called china bristle or Chunking bristle) is stiffer and stronger than soft hair. It may be bleached or unbleached.
  • Synthetic bristles are made of special multi-diameter extruded nylon filament.

Artists' brush handles are commonly wooden but can also be made of moulded plastic handles. Many mass-produced handles are made of unfinished raw wood; better quality handles are of seasoned hardwood. The wood is sealed and lacquered to give the handle a high-gloss, waterproof finish that reduces soiling and swelling. A Kolinsky sable-hair brush (also known as red sable or sable hair brush) is a top-of-the-line, valuable fine artists brush made with sable hair. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... This article is about the animal. ... A Shetland Pony A pony is any of several horse breeds with a specific conformation and temperament. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... For other uses, see Mongoose (disambiguation). ... Genera  Arctonyx  Melogale  Meles  Mellivora  Taxidea For other uses, see Badger (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this word, see nylon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or coloured coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ...

Metal ferrules may be of aluminum, nickel, copper, or nickel-plated steel. Quill ferrules are also found: these give a different "feel" to the brush. The top of the range brushes, however, usually have ferrules made from transparent plastic tightened in place by thin wire. Aluminum is a soft and lightweight metal with a dull silvery appearance, due to a thin layer of oxidation that forms quickly when it is exposed to air. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... A quill pen is made from a flight feather (preferably a primary) of a large bird, most often a goose. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Brush (9255 words)
Brush was probably most interested in electricity, a source of energy that was poorly understood during the time of his childhood.
Brush realized that the dynamo was the key to a successful lighting system and it would represent a great challenge to his inventive skill.
Brush was deeply devoted to his wife of twenty-seven years and lived the remaining twenty-seven years of his life as a widower.
Brush - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1262 words)
Brushes with rigid bristles are often used in hair care, to comb human or animal hair.
Brushes used for cleaning come in various forms and sizes, such as very small brushes for cleaning a fine instrument, toothbrushes, the larger household version that usually comes with a dustpan, or the broomstick.
Brushes as fine as 20/0 are manufactured by major companies, but are not a common size.
  More results at FactBites »



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