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Encyclopedia > Brunswick Records
Brunswick Records
Parent company Brunswick Records
Founded 1916
Distributing label Koch Entertainment (In the US)
Genre(s) Historic: Various
Current: Soul music
Country US
Official site of Brunswick Records
The Brunswick Records logo
The Brunswick Records logo

Brunswick Records is a United States based record label. The label is currently distributed by Koch Entertainment. Image File history File links Brunswicklogo. ... See also: 1915 in music, other events of 1916, 1917 in music and the list of years in music. // Events February 1 - Carl Nielsen conducts the premiere of his Symphony No. ... Koch Entertainment LP is a North American entertainment company based in New York City, Nashville, Tennessee and Toronto, Canada. ... United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... Brunswick Records logo, from paper 78 sleeve, early 1920s This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Brunswick Records logo, from paper 78 sleeve, early 1920s This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Koch Entertainment LP is a North American entertainment company based in New York City, Nashville, Tennessee and Toronto, Canada. ...


Records under the "Brunswick" label were first produced by the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company (a company based in Dubuque, Iowa which had been manufacturing products ranging from pianos to sporting equipment since 1845). The company first began producing phonographs in 1916, then began marketing their own line of records as an after-thought. These first Brunswick Records used the vertical cut system like Edison Records Discs, and were not sold in large numbers. They were recorded in the US but sold only in Canada. The Brunswick Corporation (NYSE: BC), formerly known as the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company, is a United States based corporation that has been involved in manufacturing a wide variety of products since 1845. ... Downtown Dubuque and the Riverfront Dubuque is a city in Dubuque County, Iowa, United States. ... A grand piano, with the lid up. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Edison cylinder phonograph ca. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Edison Records was the first record label, pioneering recorded sound and an important player in the early record industry. ...

A Brunswick Record label from 1922
A Brunswick Record label from 1922

In January of 1920, a new line of Brunswick Records were introduced in the US and Canada that employed the lateral cut system that was then becoming the default cut for 78 disc records. The parent company marketed them extensively, and within a few years Brunswick became one of the USA's Big Three record companies, along with Victor and Columbia Records. The Brunswick line of home phonographs were also commercially successful. Label from Brunswick Record # 2338, side A I Wish I Could Shimmy Like My Sister Kate by Armand J. Piron, as played by The Cotton Pickers, a jazz band with Phil Napoleon (trumpet), Miff Mole (trombone), Jimmy Lytell (clarinet), Frank Signorelli (piano), John Cali (banjo), John Hellerberg (tuba), and Jack... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour (1967) as a 33 â…“ LP vinyl record A gramophone record (also phonograph record, or simply record) is an analogue sound recording medium consisting of a flat disc with an inscribed modulated spiral groove starting near the periphery and ending near the centre of the disc. ... Victor logo with the famous Nipper dog. ... Columbia Records is the oldest continually used brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888. ...


In late 1924, Brunswick acquired the Vocalion Records label. 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1921 Vocalion label Vocalion Records was a record label historically active in the United States and in the United Kingdom. ...


Audio fidelity of early 1920s acoustically recorded Brunswicks is above average for the era. They were pressed into good quality shellac, although not as durable as that used by Victor. Around 1925 Brunswick introduced its own version of electrical recording called the "Light Ray Process" using photo electrical cells. These early electric Brunswicks have a rather harsh distinctive equalization which does not compare well to early electric Columbias and Victors. The company switched to a more conventional microphone process a few years later, with better results. Around the same time they introduced the Brunswick Panatrope, the first home phonograph that reproduced records electrically. This met with critical acclaim, and composer Ottorino Respighi selected the Brunswick Panatrope to play a recording of bird song in his composition "The Pines of Rome". Shellac is a brittle or flaky secretion of the lac insect Coccus lacca, found in the forests of Assam and Thailand. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Elsa and Ottorino Respighi in the 1920s Ottorino Respighi (July 9, 1879 - April 18, 1936) was an Italian composer, musicologist and violinist. ... Orders Many - see section below. ... Pini di Roma (Italian “Pines of Rome”) is a 1924 work by the Italian composer Ottorino Respighi, and is considered one of the masterpieces of the Roman Trilogy of symphonic poems along with Feste Romane and Fontane di Roma. ...


In April of 1930, Brunswick Balke Collender sold Brunswick Records to Warner Brothers, who hoped to make their own soundtrack recordings for their sound-on-disc Vitaphone system. A number of interesting recordings were made by actors during this period (which featured songs from musical films). Actors signed up to make recordings included Noah Beery, Charles King and J. Harold Murray. During this period they also signed Bing Crosby, who was to become their biggest recording star. When Vitaphone was abandoned in favor of the sound-on-film system--and record industry sales plummeted due to the depression--Warners leased Brunswick to the American Record Corporation in December of 1931. 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Warner Bros. ... Vitaphone was a sound film process used on several features and shorts produced by Warner Brothers in the late 1920s and early 1930s. ... Noah Beery (January 17, 1882 - April 1, 1946) was an American actor. ... Charles Dunbar Burgess King (1875 - 1961) was a politician in Liberia. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... The American Record Company, often known as ARC Records or simply ARC, was a United States based record company. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...


In 1932, the British branch of Brunswick was acquired by Decca Records. 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ...


In 1939, the American Record Corp. was bought by the Columbia Broadcasting System for $750,000, which discontinued the label in 1940. This, along with the lower than agreed-upon production numbers, violated the Warners lease agreement, resulting in the Brunswick trademark being transferred to American Decca (Which WB had a financial interest in), along with all masters recorded up to December, 1931. Rights to recordings from late-Dec. 1931 on were retained by CBS/Columbia. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Columbia Records is the oldest continually used brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888. ...


In 1944, Decca revived the Brunswick label, mostly for reissues of recordings from earlier decades, particularly Bing Crosby's early hits of 1931 and jazz items from the 1920s. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


After World War II, American Decca releases were issued in the United Kingdom on the Brunswick label until 1968 when the MCA Records label was introduced in the UK. During the war, British Decca sold its American branch. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Music Corporation of America, commonly known as MCA, is a United States based corporation in the music business. ...

Jackie Wilson's debut single was the first release of the current Brunswick Records
Jackie Wilson's debut single was the first release of the current Brunswick Records

In the 1950s, Decca made Brunswick its leading Rock and Roll label, featuring artists such as Buddy Holly. In the latter part of the 1950s and into the 1960s, it was primarily used for African-American acts with Jackie Wilson its only major recording star. Jackie Wilson's manager Nat Tarnopol, who was also an executive with the label, acquired 50% interest in Brunswick from Decca in 1964. Tarnopol acquired the rest of Brunswick from Decca in 1970 to settle disputes with Decca management. Legal problems caused Brunswick to become dormant by 1981 in which Tarnopol licensed Brunswick recordings from 1957 onward. The Tarnopol family only claims ownership of Brunswick recordings since Tarnopol joined Brunswick in 1957. Decca parent company Universal Music controls the Decca era pre-Tarnopol Brunswick recordings. The official Brunswick Records web site has a detailed history of the Tarnopol era Brunswick Records. Image File history File links Reetpetite. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), better known as Buddy Holly, was an American singer, songwriter, and a pioneer of Rock and Roll. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States (but also more broadly, all of North & South America) whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Jackie Wilson Jack Leroy Jackie Wilson (June 9, 1934–January 21, 1984) was an American soul and R&B singer born in Detroit, Michigan, where he became active in the music business. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest major label in the record industry, with a 23% market share. ...


Today, Brunswick is run by president and CEO Paul Tarnopol who is Nat's son. The Brunswick catalog is currently distributed by Koch Entertainment. Many of the recordings, supervised by producer Carl Davis in Chicago, which established Brunswick as a major force in R&B/soul music in the 60s and 70s have been re-mastered and re-issued in recent years. Davis formed sister label Dakar Records in 1967. Dakar was first distributed by Atlantic Records, then by Brunswick in 1972 after Brunswick became an independent label. Brunswick and Dakar artists include the Chi-Lites, Tyrone Davis, Barbara Acklin, Young-Holt Unlimited, as well as Jackie Wilson. Koch Entertainment LP is a North American entertainment company based in New York City, Nashville, Tennessee and Toronto, Canada. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label that operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


See also

01 Records 1M1 Records 2 Seas Records 20 Four 7 Entertainment 2Fab Records 10 Kilo Records 101 Records 1980 Records 1st and 15th Records 2. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Brunswick Records (338 words)
Records under the "Brunswick" label were first produced by the Brunswick Bake Collender Company[?] (a company based in Dubuque, Iowa which had been manufacturing products ranging from pianos to sporting equipment since 1845).
In 1932 the British branch of Brunswick was acquired by Decca Records.
In 1939 the U.S.A. Brunswick label was bought by CBS, which discontinued the label in 1940 The folowing year rights to use the Brunswick label in the New World and the back catalogue of Brunswick recordings from 1931 and earlier were sold to US Decca.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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