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Encyclopedia > Browser wars

The term "browser wars" is the name given to the competition for dominance in the web browser marketplace. The term is most commonly used to refer to two specific periods of time: the particularly intense struggle between Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator during the late 1990s, and the growing threat which Mozilla Firefox poses to Internet Explorer from 2004 onward. An example of a web browser (Internet Explorer), displaying the English Wikipedia main page. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer), and commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Netscape Navigator, also known as Netscape, was a proprietary web browser that was popular during the 1990s. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Mozilla Firefox is a graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation and a large community of external contributors. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer), and commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Statistics reference: Usage share of web browsers A rough estimation of usage share of layout engines/web browsers The article aims to be an unbiased historial record for the usage share of web browsers (but ideally layout engines, as it is what matters), based on statistics and articles published by well-known websites. ...

Contents

Early browser competition

Mosaic 3.0 for Windows

In the early 1990s there were many simple graphic-oriented World Wide Web browsers available. The first which reached widespread popularity was Mosaic, developed at NCSA. Several companies licensed it to create their own commercial browsers, such as Spry Mosaic and Spyglass Mosaic. Image File history File links Mosaic web browser 3. ... Image File history File links Mosaic web browser 3. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (or the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... Mosaic was the first popular World Wide Web browser and Gopher client. ... National Center for Supercomputing Applications NCSA Building, 1205 W. Clark St. ...


One of the Mosaic developers, Marc Andreessen, founded the company Mosaic Communications Corporation and created a new web browser named Mosaic Netscape. To resolve legal issues with NCSA, the company was renamed Netscape Communications Corporation and the browser Netscape Navigator. The Netscape browser improved on Mosaic's usability and reliability, and it soon dominated the market, helped by the fact that "evaluation copies" of the browser were downloadable without restrictions or cost. Plaque commemorating the creation of Mosaic web browser by Bina and Andreessen, new NCSA building, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Netscape Communications Corporation was the publisher of the Netscape Navigator web browser as well as many other internet and intranet client and server software products. ... Netscape Navigator, also known as Netscape, was a proprietary web browser that was popular during the 1990s. ...


The first browser war

Netscape Navigator 1.22

By mid-1995, the World Wide Web gradually began receiving a great deal of attention in the popular culture and mass media. Netscape Navigator was the dominant and most widely used web browser at that time, while Microsoft had just licensed Mosaic as the basis of Internet Explorer 1.0 which it released as part of the Microsoft Windows 95 Plus! Pack in August 1995. Internet Explorer 2.0 was released three months later, and by then the race was on. Netscape navigator 1. ... Netscape navigator 1. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Popular culture, sometimes called pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Microsoft Plus! was an operating system enhancement package provided by Microsoft. ...


New versions of Netscape Navigator (later Netscape Communicator) and Internet Explorer were released at a rapid pace over the following few years. Features often took priority over bug fixes, and therefore the browser wars were a time of unstable browsers, shaky Web standards compliance, frequent crashes, security holes, and lots of user headaches. Internet Explorer only began to approach par with its competition with version 3.0 (1996), which offered scripting support and the market's first commercial Cascading Style Sheets implementation. Netscape Communicator was a proprietary Internet suite produced by Netscape Communications Corporation. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... In computing, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in a markup language. ...

Main Wikipedia page using Internet Explorer 4.0
Main Wikipedia page using Internet Explorer 4.0

In October 1997, Internet Explorer 4.0 was released. The release party in San Francisco featured a ten-foot-tall letter "e" logo. Netscape employees showing up to work the following morning found that giant logo on their front lawn, with a sign attached which read "From the IE team." The Netscape employees promptly knocked it over and set a giant figure of their Mozilla dinosaur mascot atop it, holding a sign reading "Netscape 72, Microsoft 18" (representing the market distribution).[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (865x610, 37 KB)This is a screenshot of Internet Explorer 4. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (865x610, 37 KB)This is a screenshot of Internet Explorer 4. ... Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mozilla was the official, public, original name of Mozilla Application Suite by the Mozilla Foundation, nowadays called SeaMonkey suite. ...


Internet Explorer 4 changed the tides of the browser wars. It was faster and it adopted the W3C's published specifications more faithfully than Netscape Navigator 4.0. Unlike Netscape, it provided the possibility for truly "dynamic" pages in which the flow of the text and images of the page could be altered after the page was loaded. Installing Internet Explorer 4.0 was considered as a system upgrade that would provide more capabilities such as MP3 playback and, optionally, the Windows Desktop Update. It has been suggested that W3C Markup Validation Service be merged into this article or section. ... For LP MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular audio encoding format. ... Microsofts Windows Desktop Update was an optional feature included with Internet Explorer 4, which provided several updated shell features introduced with the Windows 98 operating system for older versions of Microsoft Windows. ...


During these times it was common for web designers to display 'best viewed in Netscape' or 'best viewed in Internet Explorer' logos. These images often identified a specific browser version and were commonly linked to a source from which the "preferred" browser could be downloaded. To some extent, these logos were indicative of the divergence between the "standards" supported by the browsers and signified which browser was used for testing the pages. Supporters of the notion that web sites should be interoperable with any browser started the "Viewable With Any Browser" campaign. Viewable With Any Browser is a campaign to encourage web developers to create websites that are interoperable with any web browsers. ...


A lot was at stake for these two companies involved in the browser wars. A popular web browser could earn a great deal of money: search engine companies would bid to be the default tool used in the web browser, and other companies with a web presence would bid to be listed in the default set of bookmarks which was preinstalled with the browser. Since a web browser is a powerful gateway to a great deal of information, the company which controlled this gateway could conceivably have a great deal of influence over its users. Google search is the worlds most popular search engine. ... For the reading-related term, see bookmark (books). ...


Internet Explorer dominance

Microsoft had three strong advantages in the browser wars. One was resources: Netscape began with about 80% market share and a good deal of public goodwill, but as a relatively small company deriving the great bulk of its income from what was essentially a single product (Navigator and its derivatives), it was financially vulnerable. Netscape's total revenue never exceeded the interest income generated by Microsoft's cash on hand.[citation needed]


Another advantage was that Microsoft Windows had over 90% share of the operating system market. IE was bundled with every copy of Windows; therefore, even though early versions of IE were markedly inferior to Netscape's browser, Microsoft was still able to increase its market share. And IE remained free while the enormous revenues from Windows were used to fund its development and marketing, resulting in rapid improvements until it was so similar to Netscape feature-wise that users had no desire to download and install Netscape. Since this time also saw the expansion of internet use into the mainstream (ie non-technical) audience, this move by Microsoft was seen by many as an unfair bundling that would force a browser onto users who weren't aware they had a choice of software.


Thirdly it was faster and it adopted the W3C's published specifications more faithfully than Netscape Navigator 4.0. Unlike Netscape, it provided the possibility for truly "dynamic" pages in which the flow of the text and images of the page could be altered after the page was loaded.


Other Microsoft actions also hurt Netscape, such as:

Microsoft FrontPage 2000 in web-authoring mode
  • Microsoft created a licensing agreement with AOL to base AOL's primary interface on IE rather than Netscape.
  • Microsoft purchased and released a web authoring tool, FrontPage, making it easy to utilise proprietary extensions and non-standard HTML code in web pages.
  • Microsoft included support for CSS in IE. Some web designers found it easier to write their pages for IE only than to support Netscape's proprietary LAYER extensions.
  • Microsoft locked up a large portion of the Macintosh browser market in 1997 as part of its agreement with Apple that year. The agreement made Internet Explorer the default browser on the Mac for five years.

The effect of these actions were to "cut off Netscape's air supply" as stated by a Microsoft executive during the United States v. Microsoft case. This, together with several bad business decisions on Netscape's part, led to Netscape's defeat by the end of 1998, after which the company was acquired by America Online for USD $4.2 billion. Internet Explorer became the new dominant browser, attaining a peak of about 96% of the web browser usage share during 2002, more than Netscape had at its peak. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x738, 58 KB) Microsoft FrontPage 2000 (XP) Version 4. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x738, 58 KB) Microsoft FrontPage 2000 (XP) Version 4. ... It has been suggested that AOL search data scandal be merged into this article or section. ... Microsoft FrontPage (later full name Microsoft Office FrontPage) is a WYSIWYG HTML editor and web site administration tool from Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. ... United States v. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... It has been suggested that AOL search data scandal be merged into this article or section. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... A rough estimation of usage share of layout engines/web browsers Usage share, in web browser statistics, is the percentage of visitors to a group of web sites that use a particular browser. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


The first browser war ended when Internet Explorer ceased to have any serious competition for its market share. This also brought an end to the rapid innovation in web browsers; until 2006 there was only one new version of Internet Explorer since version 6.0 was released in 2001. Not surprisingly, Internet Explorer 6.0 SP1 for Windows XP SP2 was developed as part of Windows XP SP2 and as part of the integration of Windows XP SP2 enhancements into Windows Server 2003 SP1, Internet Explorer 6.0 SP1 for Windows XP SP2 enhancements are integrated the IE 6 for Windows Server 2003. For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Windows XP is a line of proprietary operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Windows XP is a line of proprietary operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Microsoft® Windows Server 2003 logo The successor to Windows 2000 Server, Microsofts Windows Server 2003 (codename Whistler Server, also known as Windows NT 5. ...


Consequences

The browser wars encouraged two specific kinds of behavior among their combatants.

  1. Adding new features instead of fixing bugs: A web browser had to have more new features than its competition, or else it would be considered to be "falling behind." But with limited manpower to put towards development, this often meant that quality assurance suffered and that the software was released with serious bugs.
  2. Adding proprietary features instead of obeying standards: A web browser was expected to follow the standards set down by standards committees (for example, by adhering to the HTML specifications). But competition and innovation required that web browsers extend the standards with proprietary features (such as the HTML tags <font>, <marquee>, and <blink>) without waiting for committee approval. Sometimes these extensions led to useful techniques that were adopted by other browsers, such as the XMLHttpRequest technology that resulted in Ajax. More often than not, however, these extensions proved harmful.

Support for web standards was severely weakened. For years, innovation in web development stagnated as developers had to use obsolete and unnecessarily complex techniques to ensure their pages would render properly in Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer. Netscape Navigator 4 and IE6 lacked full compliance with several standards, such as CSS and the PNG image format. The marquee tag is a non-standard HTML markup element type which causes text onscreen to scroll from left to right across the screen. ... The Blink tag is a non-standard HTML markup element type, whose function serves to cause text onscreen to blink. ... XMLHttpRequest (XHR) is an API that can be used by JavaScript, and other web browser scripting languages to transfer XML and other text data to and from a web server using HTTP, by establishing an independent communication channel between a web pages Client-Side and Server-Side. ... // Ajax (also known as AJAX), shorthand for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, is a development technique used for creating interactive web applications. ... The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is a consortium that produces standards&#8212;recommendations, as they call them&#8212;for the World Wide Web. ... In computing, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in a markup language. ... PNG (Portable Network Graphics) is a bitmapped image format that employs lossless data compression. ...


The near-universal adoption of Internet Explorer had also created a monoculture which has widened the damage done by malicious code.[citation needed] Monoculture describes systems that have very low diversity. ... It has been suggested that Grayware be merged into this article or section. ...


The second browser war

Internet Explorer 7 viewing Wikipedia

Since Mozilla Firefox 1.0 was released in 2004, Mozilla and Mozilla-based browsers have established a growing niche in the browser market. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1049x773, 215 KB) Summary Screenshot of Internet Explorer 7 Beta 3, showing Wikipedia pages. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1049x773, 215 KB) Summary Screenshot of Internet Explorer 7 Beta 3, showing Wikipedia pages. ... Mozilla Firefox is a graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation and a large community of external contributors. ...


In 2003, Microsoft announced that Internet Explorer version 6.0 SP1 would be the last standalone version of its browser. Future enhancements would be dependent on Windows Vista, which will include new tools such as the Windows Presentation Foundation and XAML to enable developers to build extensive web applications. This subsystem is a part of . ... Extensible Application Markup Language (pronounced zammel ()) by Microsoft is a declarative XML-based language used to define objects and their properties, relationships and interactions. ...

Mozilla Firefox 2.0 running under Windows XP displaying the Wikipedia main page

As a response to this, in April 2004 the Mozilla Foundation and Opera Software joined efforts to develop new open technology standards which add more capability while remaining backward-compatible with existing technologies.[2] The result of this collaboration was WHATWG, a working group devoted to the fast creation of new standard definitions which will then be submitted to the W3C for approval. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x737, 234 KB) Summary Mozilla Firefox 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x737, 234 KB) Summary Mozilla Firefox 1. ... Mozilla Firefox is a graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation and a large community of external contributors. ... Windows XP is a line of proprietary operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... The Mozilla Foundation (abbreviated MF or MoFo) is a non-profit organization that exists to support and provide leadership for the open source Mozilla project. ... Logo of Opera Software. ... The Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group, or WHATWG, is a working group for developing new technologies designed to allow authors to write and deploy web applications more easily by extending existing Web technologies. ... It has been suggested that W3C Markup Validation Service be merged into this article or section. ...


In February 2005, Microsoft announced that IE 7 would be available for Windows XP SP2 and later versions of Windows by mid-2005.[3] The announcement introduced the new version of the browser as a major upgrade over IE 6 SP1. Some believe that this decision to backport the new version of Internet Explorer to Windows XP is a move to counter the rapid growth of Mozilla Firefox.


Internet Explorer 7 was finally released in October 2006. It included features such as the tabbed browsing seen in Opera version 2, a search bar, and improved support for web standards. Additionally, it included a phishing filter and a radical GUI redesign. Microsoft distributed Internet Explorer 7 to genuine Windows users as a high priority update through Microsoft Update.[4] The following is a history of Internet Explorer. ... This phishing attempt, disguised as an official email from a (fictional) bank, attempts to trick the banks members into giving away their account information by confirming it at the phishers linked website. ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... The current Microsoft Update icon The previous Windows Update icon Microsoft Update is a website where users can download updates for various Microsoft Windows-related products. ...


Firefox 2.0, launched in late October 2006, also included a phishing filter and GUI redesign, as well as a spell-checker for text fields and several other new features.


On the 11th of June 2007, Apple officially entered the second browser wars by releasing their Safari browser for Microsoft Windows. Whether or not this browser will become an important factor in the browser wars is yet to be seen.[5]


Other browser competition

Microsoft Windows

Opera 9.10 running in FreeBSD.

Although it currently only has a small desktop usage share, Opera is the third most popular browser on Windows (it is also available on other platforms, including Linux, Mac OS, and the Nintendo Wii). In September 2005, Opera removed the ad banner and licensing fee from their browser with the release of Opera 8.5. Their stated goal was to replace Firefox as the second most used web browser. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x738, 189 KB) Summary Opera Browser 9. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x738, 189 KB) Summary Opera Browser 9. ... Opera is a cross-platform web browser and Internet suite which handles common internet-related tasks including visiting web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, chatting online and displaying Widgets. ... FreeBSD is a Unix-like free operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) branch through the 386BSD and 4. ... Desktop computer with several common peripherals (Monitor, keyboard, mouse, speakers, microphone and a printer) A desktop computer is a personal computer made for use on a desk in an office or home and is distinguished from portable computers such as laptops or PDAs. ... Opera is an Internet suite which handles common internet-related tasks, including visiting web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, and online chat. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ...


Other notable browsers for Windows are Netscape 8 (an Internet Explorer/Firefox hybrid), SeaMonkey (a replacement for the Mozilla Application Suite), Maxthon (formerly MyIE2; it uses Internet Explorer's rendering engine and has features such as tabbed browsing), and Avant Browser (An Internet Explorer shell). Netscape Browser is the name of a proprietary Windows web browser published by AOL, but developed by Mercurial Communications. ... SeaMonkey is a free, open source, and cross-platform Internet suite that is the continuation of the former Mozilla Application Suite. ... The Mozilla Application Suite (originally known as Mozilla, marketed as the Mozilla Suite, and code named Seamonkey) is a free, cross-platform internet suite, whose components include a web browser, an e-mail and news client, an HTML editor, and an IRC client. ... Maxthon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Avant Browser is a popular freeware web browser which unites the Trident layout engine built into Windows (see Internet Explorer shell) with an interface intended to be more feature-rich, flexible and ergonomic than Microsofts Internet Explorer (IE). ... An Internet Explorer shell is computer software (in most cases, a web browser) that uses the Trident rendering engine of Internet Explorer. ...


Linux and Unix

The Unix-based Konqueror browser is part of the KDE project and is the primary competitor against Mozilla-based browsers (Firefox, Mozilla/SeaMonkey, Epiphany, Galeon, etc.) for market share on Unix-like systems. Konqueror's KHTML engine is an API for the KDE desktop. Derivative browsers and web-browsing functionality (for example, Amarok has a Wikipedia sidebar that gives information about the current artist) based on KDE use KHTML.[6] Konqueror is a file manager, web browser and file viewer, which was developed as part of the K Desktop Environment (KDE) by volunteers and runs on most Unix-like operating systems. ... KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ... Firefox may refer to: Firefox (novel), written by Craig Thomas, published in 1978 Firefox (film), the 1982 movie starring Clint Eastwood, based on the novel Firefox (arcade game), the laserdisc arcade game based on the movie Mozilla Firefox, a web browser The Red Fox or the Red Panda, based on... The Mozilla Application Suite (originally known as Mozilla, marketed as the Mozilla Suite, and code named Seamonkey) is a free, cross-platform internet suite, whose components include a web browser, an e-mail and news client, an HTML editor, and an IRC client. ... SeaMonkey is a free, open source, and cross-platform Internet suite that is the continuation of the former Mozilla Application Suite. ... Epiphany is a web browser for the GNOME computer desktop. ... Galeon is a web browser for GNOME based on Mozillas Gecko layout engine. ... Konqueror using KHTML to render the Wikipedia front page. ... Amarok (formerly known as amaroK) is a free software music player for GNU/Linux and other varieties of Unix. ...


Mac OS

Safari 2.0 under Mac OS X v10.4 showing the Wikipedia Main Page

Safari is Apple's web browser and is the most popular web browser for Mac OS X[7] The web browser is based on KHTML. Other browsers include Shiira, and OmniWeb, which use the API WebKit, and many Macintosh programs are adding web-browsing functionality.[8] Apple Computers Safari web browser (version 1. ... Apple Computers Safari web browser (version 1. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. ... Shiira is a web browser for the Mac OS X operating system. ... OmniWeb is a web browser developed by the Omni Group for the Mac OS X operating system. ... WebKit is an application framework included with Mac OS X v10. ...


Camino is a Mozilla-based browser for the Mac OS X platform, and uses Mac's native Cocoa interface like Safari does, instead of Mozilla's XUL which is used in Firefox. Camino is a free, open source, GUI-based Web browser based on Mozillas Gecko layout engine and specifically designed for the Mac OS X operating system. ... A Cocoa application being developed using Xcode. ... XUL (pronounced zool ()), the XML User Interface Language, is an XML user interface markup language developed by the Mozilla project. ...


Mobile Devices

Opera Mini
Pocket Internet Explorer

Opera Mini is a popular web browser on mobile devices such as smartphones because of its small footprint, and whose main competition is from Netfront. PC Site Viewer, the web browser included on many Japanese cellular phones, is based on Opera. In February, 2006 it was announced that Nintendo "will release an add-on card" with a version of Opera for the Nintendo DS (Nintendo DS Browser).[9]. This DS browser has since been criticised for its lack of Flash support and slowness. Opera is also used as a web browser on the Wii console. Image File history File links OperaMini. ... Image File history File links OperaMini. ... Image File history File links Pocket_Internet_Explorer. ... Image File history File links Pocket_Internet_Explorer. ... Opera Mini is a Java ME web browser for mobile devices, which runs on most phones that support Java Midlets. ... A Sony Ericsson Smartphone (Model P910i with Opera web browser) Look up smartphone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... EBay as seen on Netfront 3. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... The Nintendo DS Browser is a version of the Opera web browser for use on the Nintendo DS, developed by Opera Software and Nintendo. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ...


Windows Mobile comes with Pocket Internet Explorer by default and competes with Opera, Netfront and Mozilla's Minimo. Windows Mobile is a compact operating system combined with a suite of basic applications for mobile devices based on the Microsoft Win32 API. Devices which run Windows Mobile include Pocket PCs, Smartphones, and Portable Media Centers. ... Pocket Internet Explorer (PIE) is an Internet browser for Pocket PC and Handheld PC that comes loaded by default with Windows Mobile and Windows CE for Handheld PC. It does similar operations as the popular Internet Explorer browser; Microsoft develops both Pocket Internet Explorer and Internet Explorer for Windows CE... Minimo (from Mini Mozilla) is a project to create a version of the Mozilla web browser for small devices like PDAs and mobile phones. ...


References

Notes

External links

  • Browser Statistics – Month by month comparison spanning from 2002 and onward displaying the usage share of browsers among web developers.
  • Browser Stats – Chuck Upsdell's Browser Statistics
  • Browser Stats – Net Applications' Browser Statistics
  • Browser Wars II: The Saga Continues – an article about the development of the browser wars
  • Memoirs From the Browser Wars – an article about the history of browser wars

  Results from FactBites:
 
Browser wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2540 words)
The term "browser wars" is the name given to the competition for dominance in the web browser marketplace.
A popular web browser could earn a great deal of money: search engine companies would bid to be the default tool used in the web browser, and other companies with a web presence would bid to be listed in the default set of bookmarks which was preinstalled with the browser.
Camino is a popular new Mozilla-based browser for the Mac OS X platform, and competes directly with Apple's Safari, using Mac's native Cocoa interface, instead of Mozilla's XUL which is used in Firefox.
Netscape Navigator - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1942 words)
Beta versions of the web browser were freely downloadable in mid- to late-1994, and version 1.0 of the browser was released by the end of the year.
Browser market share, it was reasoned, leads to control over internet standards, and that in turn would provide the opportunity to sell software and services.
Even on other platforms it was threatened, both by the gradual rise of open source browsers and by the August 1997 agreement that resulted in an investment of $150,000,000 by Microsoft in Apple, which included a requirement that Apple switch the default browser in new installations of Mac OS from Netscape to Internet Explorer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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