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Encyclopedia > Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
Motto: On the Border by the Sea
Location within the state of Texas
Location within the state of Texas
County Cameron County
Government
 - Mayor Patricio M. Ahumada, Jr
Area
 - City 215.0 km²  (83 sq mi)
 - Land 208.2 km² (80.4 sq mi)
 - Water 6.8 km² (2.6 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 - City 139,722 (city proper)
 - Density 671.0/km² (1,737.9/sq mi)
 - Metro 385,511
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website: http://www.ci.brownsville.tx.us/

Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States, the southernmost city in Texas. As of 2005, U.S. Census estimates put Brownsville at a population of 167,493. A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... Adapted from Wikipedias TN county maps by Seth Ilys. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Cameron County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... City limits refers to the defined limits of a citys area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Cameron County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...

Contents

Geography and Climate

Brownsville is located at 25°55′49″N, 97°29′4″W (25.930307, -97.484424)GR1, on the U.S.-Mexico border (marked here by the Rio Grande or Río Bravo del Norte) from Matamoros, Tamaulipas. The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ... For other uses, see Rio Grande (disambiguation). ... Matamoros is a city in the north of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 215.0 km² (83.0 mi²), making it by far the largest city in the Rio Grande Valley. 208.2 km² (80.4 mi²) of it is land and 6.8 km² (2.6 mi²) of it (3.16%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of Texas. ...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 93 94 106 102 102 102 104 104 105 96 97 94
Norm High °F 68.7 72.2 78 82.3 86.9 90.5 92.4 92.6 89.4 84 76.8 70.2
Norm Low °F 50.5 53.3 59.5 65.2 71.6 74.9 75.4 75.3 72.6 65.9 58.6 52
Rec Low °F 19 22 32 38 52 60 68 63 55 35 31 16
Precip (in) 1.36 1.18 0.93 1.96 2.48 2.93 1.77 2.99 5.31 3.78 1.75 1.11
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 139,722 people, 38,174 households, and 32,180 families residing in the city. The population density was 671.0/km² (1,737.8/mi²). There were 42,323 housing units at an average density of 203.2/km² (526.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 81.65% White, 0.41% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 14.66% from other races, and 2.29% from two or more races. 91.28% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 38,174 households out of which 50.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.7% were non-families. 13.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.62 and the average family size was 3.99. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $24,468, and the median income for a family was $26,186. Males had a median income of $21,739 versus $17,116 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,762. About 32.4% of families and 36.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.0% of those under age 18 and 31.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


In 2000, the median gross rent paid for housing in Brownsville was $405 per month. This was the lowest of any city in the United States with more than 100,000 people.[1]

  • According to the U.S. Census Bureau, only 51.7% of the population has a high school diploma.
  • According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.2% speak a language other than English at home.[2]

History

Brownsville, Texas in 1857.
Brownsville, Texas in 1857.
Main article: Cortina Troubles

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1524x1104, 1175 KB) Description: Brownsville, Texas. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1524x1104, 1175 KB) Description: Brownsville, Texas. ... Fort Brown from across the Resaca Fort Brown was a military post of the United States Army in Texas during the latter half of 19th century and the early part of the 20th century. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... The Siege of Fort Texas marked the beginning of active campaigning by the armies of the United States of America and Mexico during the Mexican-American War. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Mariano Arista Strength 2,400 infantry 2,300 infantry, 1,100 cavalry and 160 artillery 12 guns Casualties 5 killed 43 wounded 102 killed 129 wounded 26 missing The Battle of Palo Alto was the first major battle of the Mexican-American War... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... At the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, one of the early engagements of the Mexican-American War, Zachary Taylor engaged the retreating forces of the Mexican Army of the North under Gen. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Charles Stillman (November 4 1810 - December 1875) Stillman was born in Wethersfield, Connecticut to Francis and Harriet Stillman. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Juan Cortina. ... Juan Nepomuceno Cortina. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Juan Cortina. ... Juan Cortina. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... McLean house, April 1865. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Theodore H. Barrett John Rip Ford Strength Detachments from the: 62nd U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment, 2nd Texas Cavalry Regiment, 34th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Detachments from: Gidding’s Regiment, Anderson’s Battalion of Cavalry, and other Confederate units and Southern... Saint Valentines Day or Valentines Day is a holiday on February 14. ... Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Brownsville Affair rose out of racial tensions between black soldiers and white citizens in Brownsville, Texas in 1906. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Texas Southmost College was established in 1926 under the name of The Junior College of the Lower Rio Grande Valley and admitted its first class on September twenty-first of that year. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... The University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College, frequently abbreviated UTB/TSC, is an educational institution located in Brownsville, Texas, on the land once occupied by Fort Brown. ... All-America City Program Logo The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 2004 Christmas Eve Snowstorm was an extremely rare weather event that took place in Louisiana and Texas in the United States on December 24, 2004. ... eBay headquarters in San Jose eBay North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPal) eBay Inc. ...

City Government

Picture of Brownsville taken on Elizabeth on the right is the "Old Federal Courthouse" which Brownsville uses to hold City Commission meetings.
Picture of Brownsville taken on Elizabeth on the right is the "Old Federal Courthouse" which Brownsville uses to hold City Commission meetings.

Brownsville has a Council-Manager style of Government. The Mayor and six City Commissioners, two At-Large and four District, serve staggered four year terms. With elections for one At-Large and two District seats every two years. General elections are held on the first Saturday of May in odd numbered years. Image File history File links Brnelizand10thst. ... Image File history File links Brnelizand10thst. ...


As of 2006, the members of the Commission are:

  • Mayor: Pat Ahumada (Since 2007)
  • Commissioner At-Large "A": Anthony Troiani (Since 2007)
  • Commissioner At-Large "B": Leo T. Garza (Since 2007)
  • Commissioner District 1: Ricardo Longoria Jr. (Since 2003)
  • Commissioner District 2: Charlie Atkinson (Since 2006)
  • Commissioner District 3: Carlos Cisneros (Since 2002)
  • Commissioner District 4: Edward Camarillo (Since 2005)

The next regular elections for the City will occur in the following years:

  • Mayor: 2011
  • At-Large "A": 2011
  • At-Large "B": 2009 (*)
  • District 1: 2011
  • District 2: 2011
  • District 3: 2009
  • District 4: 2009

(*) Leo T. Garza will run for the At-Large "B" position again in 2009 as he is completing the remainder of the term left by Ernie Hernandez resigning his commission seat.


The City Commission appoints the City Manager. As of 2006, the City Manager is Charlie Cabler.


The City Commission also appoints a six member Public Utilities Board for a four-year term. Members are limited to two consecutive or non-consecutive terms. The Mayor is an ex-officio member of the Board.


Education

Universities and Colleges

UT School of Public Health
UT School of Public Health
  • The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health (UTSPH), Brownsville Regional Campus

The university opened in 2001 as part of the legislated Regional Academic Health Center program, or RAHC and is phyically located on the campus of the University of Texas at Brownsville. UTSPH - Brownsville is a regional campus of the University of Texas School of Public Health statewide network which offer students a graduate certificate in public health and the Master of Public Health (M.P.H.) graduate degree in a subtropical, multicultural, bilingual, bordertown community. Major public health concerns of the faculty and researchers found here in the Lower Rio Grande Valley Texas include diabetes, tuberculosis, obesity, cardiovascular disease and hepatitis. Other public health concerns include occupation health and safety (especially among the migrant and international communities), behavioral and lifestyle concerns among adolescents (pregnancy, STDs, and otherwise reckless decisions), air and environmental pollution, as well as examining the impacts and issues that are affected as a result of cross-border health, health care and prescription services. To date, over $10 million in research funding has been received by the Brownsville Regional Campus to address these local concerns. http://www.sph.uth.tmc.edu/brownsville). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2405x1089, 500 KB) Rschoenly 17:05, 16 November 2006 (UTC)rschoenly march, 2003 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2405x1089, 500 KB) Rschoenly 17:05, 16 November 2006 (UTC)rschoenly march, 2003 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Most of Brownsville is served by Brownsville Independent School District. The B.I.S.D. counted its total enrollment in the 2003-04 at 45,986 students in 50 schools. It is the 17th largest school district in Texas. A portion of northern Brownsville is served by the Los Fresnos Consolidated Independent School District. Brownsville Independent School District is a school district based in Brownsville, Texas, United States. ... Los Fresnos Consolidated Independent School District is a public school district based in Los Fresnos, Texas (USA). ...


In addition, Brownsville residents are allowed to apply to magnet schools operated by the South Texas Independent School District, as well as B.I.S.D. magnet schools. Each B.I.S.D. high school has a magnet school within the school (example, Homer Hanna High School, a B.I.S.D. high school, has the district's medical magnet program). South Texas Independent School District (STISD) is a school district in Texas. ...


State charter schools
  • Raul Yzaguirre School For Success
  • Sentry Technology Prep Charter High School
  • IDEA Public Schools Frontier Academy and College Prep

Private and Parochial Schools

Grades 9-12:

Grades 1-8: Saint Joseph Academy, sometimes referred to as St. ...

  • Brownsville SDA School
  • Episcopal Day School
  • First Baptist School
  • Our Lady of Sorrows Catholic School
  • Faith Christian Academy
  • Guadalupe Regional Middle School
  • Incarnate Word Academy
  • Kenmont Montessori School
  • St. Luke's Catholic School
  • St. Mary's Catholic School

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates area Catholic schools. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Brownsville (Latin: Dioecesis Brownsvillensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Texas. ...


Transportation

A picture of Boca Chica Blvd. overlooking in the background U.S. Highway 77. Boca Chica Blvd. is a major traffic artery in Brownsville.
A picture of Boca Chica Blvd. overlooking in the background U.S. Highway 77. Boca Chica Blvd. is a major traffic artery in Brownsville.
U.S. Highway 77/83 overpass construction over Mcdavitt Blvd.
U.S. Highway 77/83 overpass construction over Mcdavitt Blvd.

Image File history File links Bocaand77. ... Image File history File links Bocaand77. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 576 pixel, file size: 484 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 576 pixel, file size: 484 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Mass Transit

The Brownsville Urban System, or "BUS" for short, is the largest Mass Transit system in the Rio Grande Valley and the only Mass Transit system in Cameron County. BUS provides bus service throughout the City of Brownsville. BUS is particularly used by Mexican tourists as the main bus station is located within two blocks of Brownsville's Gateway International Bridge. A north Brownsville transfer station was recently established in mid-Brownsville, expanding bus service to rapidly developing North Brownsville. The Brownsville Urban System, or BUS for short, is a mass transit system based in and serving Brownsville, TX. It is currently the largest mass transit system in the Rio Grande Valley, TX, and is the only mass transit system in Cameron County, TX. // Terminals Downtown Terminal - BUS main terminal... Gateway International Bridge is one of three international bridges located in the city of Brownsville, TX, USA. It is owned and operated by Cameron County. ...


Highways

Brownsville is served by the following U.S. Highways: Current U.S. Highway shield The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ...

U.S. Route 77 is a north-south United States highway. ... Nafta or NAFTA may refer to: an acronym for the North American Free Trade Agreement an acronym for the New Zealand Australia Free Trade Agreement the town/Tokyo of Nafta, Tunisia This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Interstate 69 just outside Indianapolis near Pendleton, Indiana Interstate 69 (abbreviated I-69) is an interstate highway in the Southern and Midwestern United States. ... U.S. Highway 281 is a north-south United States highway. ... U.S. Highway 83 is one of the longest north-south U.S. Highways in the United States, at 1885 miles. ...

International Bridges

Brownsville has 3 international bridges:

The Brownsville & Matamoros International Bridge, or simply the B&M International Bridge, is one of three international bridges located in the city of Brownsville, TX, USA. It links the city of Brownsville with Matamoros, Mexico. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ... Gateway International Bridge is one of three international bridges located in the city of Brownsville, TX, USA. It is owned and operated by Cameron County. ... Veterans International Bridge (Puente Internacional Gral. ...

Airport

Brownsville has its own city-owned airport, the Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport. The airport is used for general aviation and is served by one commercial airline, Continental Airlines, with an average of seven flights to Houston-Intercontinental (depending on the day of the week). Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport (IATA: BRO, ICAO: KBRO, FAA LID: BRO) is a public airport located four miles (6 km) east of the central business district (CBD) of Brownsville, in Cameron County, Texas. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a US certificated air carrier. ... George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IATA: IAH, ICAO: KIAH, National LID: IAH)[2] is an international airport serving the Greater Houston area. ...


Art and Culture

The Brownsville area is full of well-established art galleries and museums that represent not only art of the region and Mexico but feature traveling exhibits from all over the world. The Brownsville Heritage Complex.


Television

The Brownsville area is served by numerous local television affiliates.

  • KVEO-TV (NBC 23) - Brownsville
  • KGBT-TV (CBS 4) - Harlingen
  • KRGV-TV (ABC 5) - Weslaco
  • KNVO-TV (Univision 48) - McAllen
  • XHRIO-TV (FOX 2) - Matamoros, Tamaulipas
  • KTLM (Telemundo 40) - McAllen
  • KMBH-TV (PBS 60) - Harlingen
  • KVTF-CA (Telefutura 20) - Brownsville
  • KLUJ-TV (TBN 44) - Harlingen
  • KBDF-LP (Azteca America 64) - Brownsville

KVEO is the NBC affiliate for Brownsville, Texas and serves the entire surrounding metropolitan area, known as the Rio Grande Valley. ... KGBT-TV is the CBS affiliate for Brownsville-Harlingen-McAllen, Texas. ... Harlingen is a city located in Cameron County in the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas, United States. ... KRGV-TV is the local ABC affiliate for the Rio Grande Valley in south Texas (Brownsville, McAllen and South Padre Island). ... Weslaco is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. ... KNVO is a Spanish-language television station in McAllen, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 48 as an affiliate of Univisión. ... McAllen is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. ... XHRIO, channel 2, is the local Fox affiliate for Brownsville and the Lower Rio Grande Valley. ... Matamoros is a city in the north of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... KTLM is a Spanish-language television station in Rio Grande City, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 40 as an affiliate of Telemundo. ... KMBH is a public television station in Harlingen, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 60 as a PBS member station. ... KVTF-CA is a low-power television station in Brownsville, Texas, broadcasting locally as an affiliate of the Telefutura network on channel 20. ... KLUJ-TV is a religious television station in Harlingen, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 44 as an affiliate of TBN. Founded August 1, 1983, the station is owned by TBN, under the license name of Community Educational Television. ... KBDF-LP channel 64 is a low-powered television station as an Azteca América affiliate in Brownsville, Texas. ...

Radio

  • KFRQ 94.5FM
  • KKPS 99.5FM
  • KNVO 101.1FM
  • KVLY 107.9FM
  • KBFM 104.1FM

Trivia

A picture of the Brownsville Masonic Temple Rio Grande Lodge No. 81, constructed in 1882 it was originally the County Courthouse it is a good example of Brownsville's 19th century architecture.
A picture of the Brownsville Masonic Temple Rio Grande Lodge No. 81, constructed in 1882 it was originally the County Courthouse it is a good example of Brownsville's 19th century architecture.
  • Brownsville is the largest city in the Rio Grande Valley, both in population and size.
  • The motto of Brownsville is "On the Border by the Sea".
  • Local attractions include the Gladys Porter Zoo, Camille Lightner Playhouse, a historical downtown with buildings over 150 years old, the Port of Brownsville and the Children's Museum of Brownsville. There is also easy access to South Padre Island and the Mexican city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas.
  • Sunrise Mall is the only shopping mall in the city of Brownsville. Since being remodeled in 2000 the mall has become the primary mall in the Brownsville-Harlingen metroplex. Brownsville previously had another shopping mall, Amigoland Mall by Simon, though the building has since been purchased by the University of Texas at Brownsville after many of its tenants moved from Amigoland to Sunrise.
  • Brownsville (Brownsville-Harlingen-Raymondville) is one of the "America's Greenest Cities" according to Forbes.com.[4]
  • Brownsville has been referenced in a number of songs. It is the hometown of the heroine in the song "Delta Dawn". Bob Dylan performed a song called "Brownsville Girl" (co-written with Sam Shepard). It is mentioned in the song "Matamoros Banks" by Bruce Springsteen, and in the song "Texas Women" by Hank Williams Jr. Jim White recorded a song titled "That Girl from Brownsville, Texas". John Darnielle of the Mountain Goats wrote a song about Brownsville called "It's All Here in Brownsville" that appeared on Full Force Galesburg. Brownsville Bay is referenced in the song "Somewhere Between Texas and Mexico" recorded by Pat Green. Also, Brownsville is in the first track title of the album Chill Out by the ambient/trance group The KLF ("Brownsville Turnaround on the Tex-Mex Border").
  • Judge Reynaldo G. Garza (1915-2004) [3] of Brownsville was first appointed to the United States District Court in 1961 by President Kennedy, and to the United States Court of Appeals by President Carter in 1978. Garza's biography All Rise: The First Mexican-American Federal Judge was written by Louise Ann Fisch, also a Brownsville native.[5]
  • The US Ambassador to Mexico, Antonio Oscar Garza, was born in Brownsville, TX.[6]
  • Federico Peña, former U.S. Transportation Secretary, former U.S. Energy Secretary and former mayor of Denver, Colorado, was raised in Brownsville.
  • Actress Elka Walker,[7] best known for "The Real World" series, was born in Brownsville on February 2, 1978.

Image File history File links Brnmasonictemp. ... Image File history File links Brnmasonictemp. ... Cameron County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of Texas. ... Gladys Porter Zoo is a zoological and botanical park located in Brownsville, Texas. ... South Padre Island is a town located in Cameron County, Texas. ... Matamoros is a city in the north of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Amigoland Mall This Dead mall, it was located on the city of Brownsville Texas,it was located on the corner of Palm Boulevard and Mexico Boulevard, some of the tenenats were: -Foods and Restaurants- Baskin-Robbins Down N Inn Club GNC Hickory Farms Morrows Nut House Orange Bowl Smaks... Simon Property Group, Inc. ... History The University of Texas at Brownsville was established in 1989, and admitted its first class in 1991. ... Delta Dawn was the title song from Tanya Tuckers first album, and subsequently popularized by Australian singer Helen Reddy, whose rendition rose to #7 on the Billboard Hot 100 for the year 1973, and hit #1 the week of September 15. ... Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, musician, and poet who has been a major figure in popular music for five decades. ... Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an influential American singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Hank Williams, Jr. ... Jim White (born March 10, 1957[1]) is an American southern gothic singer/songwriter. ... John Darnielle is an American musician, best known as the primary (and often solitary) member of the American lo-fi band The Mountain Goats. ... The Mountain Goats is the name of prolific American singer-songwriter John Darnielles long-running musical project. ... Full Force Galesburg is an album by The Mountain Goats. ... Chill Out can refer to: Chill Out! (command to an excited person) Chill Out (Black Uhuru album) Chill Out (KLF album) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The KLF (also known as The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu (The JAMs), The Timelords and other names) were one of the seminal bands of the British acid house movement during the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Federico Fabian Peña Federico Fabian Peña (born March 15, 1947) was United States Secretary of Transportation from 1993 to 1997, during the presidency of Bill Clinton. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State Colorado City-County Denver (coextensive) Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ...

External links

Texas Portal
Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:

Image File history File links This image, including all photography and graphics used in it, was taken and created by myself, Shem Daimwood. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/cb03-90.html
  2. ^ Brownsville City Fact Sheet
  3. ^ (1996) "Hell Ranch: The Nightmare Tale of Voodoo, Drugs & Death in Matamoros". 
  4. ^ http://www.forbes.com/logistics/2006/04/03/greenest-cities-america-cx_rm_0403green.html
  5. ^ http://www.tamu.edu/upress/BOOKS/1996/fisch.htm
  6. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Garza
  7. ^ IMDB link

  Results from FactBites:
 
Handbook of Texas Online: (3149 words)
Brownsville, the county seat of Cameron County, is across the Rio Grande from Matamoros, Tamaulipas, at the southernmost tip of Texas.
Brownsville was made county seat of the new Cameron County on January 13, 1849, and a post office went into operation on February 3.
Shrimpers from Texas and Louisiana moved into the area and established the town as one of the leading shippers of shrimp in the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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