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Encyclopedia > Brownsville, Brooklyn

Brownsville is a neighborhood in central Brooklyn, New York, predominantly Caribbean, Hispanic, and African-American. In 2000, Brownsville's 73rd precinct recorded the highest incidence of murders compared to all other precincts in New York City. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... Hispanic flag, not widely used. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


North of Brownsville starts from East New York Avenue (on the Bedford-Stuyvesant border), the west is bordered on East 98th Street (East Flatbush), the east by Van Sinderen Avenue (East New York) and south by the BMT L Line (Linden Boulevard). Bedford-Stuyvesant (also known as Bed-Stuy) is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... East Flatbush is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... East New York is a primarily low to middle income neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended...


The zip code for the neighborhood is 11212. The area should not be confused with Ocean Hill, a subsection of Bedford-Stuyvesant. Ocean Hill is a neighborhood on the Northeastern section of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Bedford-Stuyvesant (also known as Bed-Stuy) is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ...

Contents

History

Brownsville was politically radical from the 1880s to the 1950s, it elected Socialist and American Labor Party candidates to the state assembly throughout the 1920s and 1930s. [1] // Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... The American Labor Party was a socialist political party in the United States active almost exclusively in the state of New York. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ...


As early as the 1910s, the area had acquired a reputation as a vicious slum and breeding ground for crime. It has been known throughout the years for its criminal gangs and in the 1930s and 1940s achieved notoriety as the birthplace of Murder, Inc. // The 1910s represent the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th Century. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Murder, Inc. ...


By the 1960s, when its population had become largely African-American and Puerto Rican, Brownsville's unemployment rate was 17 percent. Half of all families in the district lived on less than $5,000 a year. As Jimmy Breslin wrote in 1968, that Brownsville reminded him of "Berlin after the war; block after block of burned-out shells of houses, streets littered with decaying automobile hulks. The stores on the avenues are empty and the streets are lined with deserted apartment houses or buildings that have empty apartments on every floor." [citation needed] The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Jimmy Breslin (born October 17, 1930) is an American columnist and author who has written numerous novels and appeared regularly in various newspapers in New York City, where he lives. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1968 Brownsville was the theater for a protracted and highly contentious teacher strike. [2]The Board of Education had experimented with giving the people of the neighborhood control over the school. The new administration laid off several teachers in violation of union contract rules. The teachers were all white, and mostly Jewish and the resulting strike served to badly divide the whole city. The resulting strike dragged off and on for half a year, becoming known as one of the "Ten Plagues" of John Lindsay. [citation needed] A board of education or a school board or school committee is the title of the board of directors of a school, local school district or higher administrative level. ... An academic administration is a branch of university or college employees responsible for the maintenance and supervision of the institution and separate from the faculty or academics, although some personnel may have joint responsibilities. ... This article is about the American politician. ...


Today

By 2000, conditions in Brownsville had improved since the 1960s though there were still weedy lots and abandoned buildings. The neighbourhood has seen plenty of housing development of recent times. The first developments were built by various non-profit groups, but now for-profit traditional developers are becoming active. Some of the vacant sites have been turned into attractive community gardens.


Gang violence is common, and there was a certain level of organized crime in the area, most notably a group called "Murder, Inc." This group was most prominent in the 1920s and 1930s. W Brownsville is the only Brooklyn school district without a high school. Indeed, the site proposed decades ago for a public high school now houses a juvenile jail, built over long and loud protest by the community. The youth jail and the shiny precinct across from it are about the only new buildings to go up in Brownsville in at least 20 years, as factories and businesses in the area have closed.


The Folk Nation gangs active in Brownsville operated out of the Riverdale Towers and Marcus Garvey Village housing facilities. The gang members were notoriously violent and murdered, shot at, stabbed and robbed members of several rival groups in the area, including the Bloods gang, the "Anybody Gets It," or ABG gang, and a group of Guyanese crack cocaine and marijuana dealers known as the "Dreads."


Brownsville is burdened with one of New York City's highest crime rates as well as the largest concentration of public housing in the country.


Transportation

Brownsville is accessible from the IRT. Its main thoroughfare is Pitkin Avenue. The 2,3,5, A,C trains are all accessible to Brownsville residents. The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ...


Notable Residents

Aaron Copland Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900 – December 2, 1990) was an American composer of concert and film music, as well as an accomplished pianist. ... Anthony Cruz (born March 9, 1972 in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York), better known as AZ, is an American rapper currently residing in Englewood, New Jersey. ... Abe Kid Twist Reles (1906 – 12 November 1941) was an American mobster who was probably the most feared hitman in the stable of Murder, Inc. ... Agallah (the Don Bishop) is a rapper who is a member of the Dipset affiliated group Purple City. ... Alfred Kazin (June 5, 1915 – June 5, 1998) was an American writer and literary critic, many of whose writings depicted the immigrant experience in early twentieth century America. ... Bruce Pasternack is the President and CEO of the Special Olympics International, and recently retired after over 20 years as a Senior Vice President of Booz-Allen & Hamilton Inc. ... Kaye entertaining U.S. troops at Sasebo, Japan, 25 Oct 1945 David Daniel Kaminsky, known as Danny Kaye (January 18, 1913 – March 3, 1987) was an American actor, singer and comedian. ... “Gershwin” redirects here. ... Harry Pittsburgh Phil Strauss (July 28, 1909 - June 12, 1941) was a contract killer for Murder, Inc. ... Heltah Skeltah is the Brooklyn rap duo formed by Ruck (a. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The quality of this article or section may be compromised by peacock terms. You can help Wikipedia by removing peacock terms. ... Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966) is a former American world heavyweight boxing champion and is the youngest man to have won a world heavyweight title. ... Riddick Lamont Bowe (born August 10, 1967, Brooklyn, New York) is an American boxer and former undisputed heavyweight champion. ... Shannon Brooklyn Briggs (born December 4, 1971 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American heavyweight boxer and actor, whose career peaked by controversially outpointing George Foreman for the linear heavyweight championship but was decelerated by a loss to Lennox Lewis in 1998. ... Terry Semel (born on February 24, 1943 in Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.) was the chairman and CEO of Yahoo! Incorporated. ... The RZA at The New Yorker festival on September 24, 2005. ... “Wu-Tang” redirects here. ... GZA (pronounced Jizza), aka The Genius, born Gary Grice August 22, 1966 in Brooklyn, New York City is an American rapper and core member of the Wu-Tang Clan, having released four albums and appearing on every group album put out by the Clan, as well as many solo efforts... “Wu-Tang” redirects here. ... U-God (born Lamont Hawkins, October 11, 1970 in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.) is an American rapper and member of the hip hop collective, Wu-Tang Clan. ... “Wu-Tang” redirects here. ... William Larry Randolph (born July 6, 1954, in Holly Hill, South Carolina) is the current manager of the New York Mets and a former Major League Baseball player for the Pittsburgh Pirates, New York Yankees, Los Angeles Dodgers, Oakland Athletics, Milwaukee Brewers, and New York Mets. ... Zab Super Judah, (born October 27, 1977), of Brooklyn, New York, is an American professional boxer. ...

References

  1. ^ Brownsville, Brooklyn : Blacks, Jews, and the changing face of the ghetto by Wendell E Pritchett. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2002. ISBN: 0226684466
  2. ^ Confrontation at Ocean Hill-Brownsville; the New York school strikes of 1968 by Maurice R Berube & Marilyn Gittell. New York, Praeger [1969] OCLC: 19279

  Results from FactBites:
 
2004.02.23 DAB1910 Brownssville Community Development Corporation (6088 words)
On April 3, 2002, Brownsville responded with a memorandum from an entity known as the LGR Group "evidencing approval of funding in the amount of $720,000 for the lease of twenty four vans." LGR's approval was subject to finalization of all documents, advance rentals and conditions.
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Brownsville, Brooklyn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (490 words)
Brownsville was predominantly Jewish from 1880s to the 1950s, but the majority of its residents are Caribbean, Hispanic, and African-American today.
Brownsville was politically radical during its Jewish days; it elected Socialist and American Labor Party candidates to the state assembly throughout the 1920s and 1930s.
By the 1960s, when its population had become largely African-American and Puerto Rican, Brownsville's unemployment rate was 17 percent and half of all families in the district lived on less than $5,000 a year.
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