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Encyclopedia > Brown tree snake
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Brown tree snakes

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Boiga
Species: B. irregularis
Binomial name
Boiga irregularis
(Merrem, 1802)

The brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis) is an arboreal colubrid snake native to eastern and northern coastal Australia, Papua New Guinea, and a large number of islands in northwestern Melanesia. Brown Tree Snake on Fence Post Guam 2003 by Mark Kempen Rear gate of the Micronesian Mall (Guam) Uploaded by creator. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Digimon, the only known animals. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Synonyms Reptilia Laurenti, 1768 Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane, and members of the class Sauropsida. ... Suborders Lacertilia- Lizards Serpentes - Snakes Amphisbaenia - Worm lizards This article is about the Squamata order of reptiles. ... Families Acrochordidae Aniliidae Anomalepididae Anomochilidae Atractaspididae Boidae Bolyeriidae Colubridae Cylindrophiidae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Typhlopidae Uropeltidae Viperidae Xenopeltidae Snakes are cold blooded legless reptiles closely related to lizards, which share the order Squamata. ... Genera According to ITIS: Adelophis Adelphicos Alsophis Amastridium Arizona Arrhyton Atractus Bogertophis Boiga Carphophis Cemophora Cerberus Chersodromus Chilomeniscus Chionactis Clelia Clonophis Coluber Coniophanes Conophis Conopsis Contia Cryophis Dendrelaphis Dendrophidion Diadophis Dipsas Dryadophis Drymarchon Drymobius Elaphe Enulius Eridiphas Erythrolamprus Farancia Ficimia Geagras Geophis Gyalopion Heterodon Hypsiglena Imantodes Lampropeltis Leptodeira Leptophis Liochlorophis... Species Boiga andamanensis Boiga angulata Boiga barnesii Boiga beddomei Boiga ceylonensis Boiga cyanea Boiga cynodon Boiga dendrophila Boiga dightoni Boiga drapiezii Boiga forsteni Boiga gokool Boiga guangxiensis Boiga irregularis Boiga jaspidea Boiga kraepelini Boiga multifasciata Boiga multomaculata Boiga nigriceps Boiga nuchalis Boiga ocellata Boiga ochracea Boiga philippina Boiga quincunciata Boiga... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Blasius Merrem (February 4, 1761 _ February 23, 1824) was a German naturalist. ... This article is about the biological organisms known as trees. ... Subfamilies Boodontinae Calamariinae Colubrinae Dipsadinae Homalopsinae Natricinae Pareatinae Psammophiinae Pseudoxenodontinae Pseudoxyrhophiinae Xenodermatinae Xenodontinae See text for genera. ... blue: sea snakes, black: land snakes Superfamilies and Families Henophidia Aniliidae Anomochilidae Boidae Bolyeriidae Cylindrophiidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Uropeltidae Xenopeltidae Typhlopoidea Anomalepididae Leptotyphlopidae Typhlopidae Xenophidia Acrochordidae Atractaspididae Colubridae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Viperidae For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... Map showing Melanesia. ...


Behaviour

The brown tree snake is a nocturnal snake that is very aggressive when confronted. Due to the availability of prey and lack of predators in introduced habitats such as Guam, they have been known to grow to the size of that of a small python. The venom appears to be neurotoxic and possibly necrotic with localised effects and extreme swelling but there is no confirmation of this and no fatalities. Its rate of reproduction is slow in comparison to some other snakes. It produced between 3 and 11 eggs. the longest recorded length of this species is 2.00 metres. It is a rear fanged colubrid and due to the placement of the fangs the venom may be more potent that expected but only given in small doses....


Spread

The brown tree snake was a stowaway on US military transport at the end of World War II. The slightly venomous, but rather harmless, snake came north to Guam and killed almost the entire native bird population on the previously snake-free island. This snake has few predators on the island, although these do include pigs and monitor lizards; nowadays, Guam is one of the areas with the highest snake density in the world (an estimated 2,000 snakes/kmĀ²). Even so, this nocturnal tree snake is rarely seen by residents. They curl up and hide during the day, and move about on trees and fences at night. A stowaway (also stoweaway) is a person who travels illegally, by airplane, bus, ship or train. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ...


At least eight brown tree snakes have been found in the Hawaiian islands since 1981. Because they can cause the same amount of harm to Hawaii as they have done to Guam, the State of Hawaii makes concerted efforts to inform the public about the snakes, particularly at Honolulu International Airport. Map of the Hawaiian Islands, a chain of islands that stretches 2,400 km in a northwesterly direction from the southern tip of the Island of Hawai‘i. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Honolulu International Airport (IATA: HNL, ICAO: PHNL) is the principal aviation gateway of the City & County of Honolulu and the State of Hawaii and is identified as one of the busiest airports in the United States. ...


Synopsis

Shortly after World War II, and before 1952, the brown Treesnake was accidentally transported from its native range in the South Pacific to Guam, probably as a stowaway in ship cargo. As a result of abnormally abundant prey resources on Guam and the absence of natural predators and other population controls, brown Treesnake populations reached unprecedented numbers. Snakes caused the extirpation of most of the native forest vertebrate species; thousands of power outages affecting private, commercial, and military activities; widespread loss of domestic birds and pets; and considerable emotional trauma to residents and visitors alike when snakes invaded human habitats with the potential for severe envenomation of small children. Since Guam is a major transportation hub in the Pacific, numerous opportunities exist for the brown Treesnakes on Guam to be introduced accidentally to other Pacific islands as passive stowaways in ship and air traffic from Guam. Numerous sightings of this species have been reported on other islands, and an incipient population is probably established on Saipan. It is important that people who may come in contact with the brown Treesnake, particularly on neighboring islands and other high-risk sites, understand the scope of this problem and how to identify the snake so they can be destroyed.


This resource has been developed to provide source materials on the history of the invasion, continuing threats, research results, and containment and management of the brown Treesnake (Boiga irregularis) in Guam and its relevance to other islands and mild continental environments This snake has been classified as a pest so they have the choice to kill it or release it, but due to its actions, the chamorros kill the snake.


  Results from FactBites:
 
APHIS | News (894 words)
A native of Australia, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands, the brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis) is a dangerous threat to the economy and ecology of Guam and is the subject of a cooperative program to control snake populations on Guam and prevent its spread throughout the Pacific Rim.
Brown tree snakes are about 15 inches at hatching and may reach 10 feet in length as adults.
The brown tree snake may be attracted to residential areas by an abundance of rodents, lizards, poultry, or debris that serves as habitat for snake prey.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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