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Encyclopedia > Brothers Grimm
Wilhelm (left) and Jakob Grimm (right) from an 1855 painting by Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann
Wilhelm (left) and Jakob Grimm (right) from an 1855 painting by Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann

The Brothers Grimm (German: Die Brüder Grimm also Gebrüder Grimm), Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, were German academics who were best known for publishing collections of folk tales and fairy tales[1] and for their work in linguistics, relating to how the sounds in words shift over time (Grimm's Law). They are among the best known story tellers of novellas from Europe, allowing the widespread knowledge of such tales as Snow White, Rapunzel, Cinderella, and Hansel and Gretel. Brothers Grimm may refer to: Brothers Grimm, authors of many famous German fairy tales The Brothers Grimm (film), a fictional movie based loosely on the actual Brothers Grimm authors Brothers Grimm (comics), supervillains appearing in Marvel Comics Brothers Grim, an episode of the Nickelodeon series All Grown Up! Brothers Grym... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Brothers Grimm ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Brothers Grimm ... The Brothers Grimm on a 1000DM banknote. ... The Brothers Grimm on a 1000DM banknote. ... Folklore is the ethnographic concept of the tales, legends, or superstitions current among a particular ethnic population, a part of the oral history of a particular culture. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Grimms law (also known as the First Germanic Sound Shift) is a set of statements describing the inherited Proto-Indo-European (PIE) stops as they developed in Proto-Germanic (PGmc, the common ancestor of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family) in the 1st millennium BC. It establishes... A novella is a short, narrative, prose fiction work. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Snow White character. ... For other uses, see Rapunzel (disambiguation). ... Gustave Dorés illustration for Cendrillon Cinderella (French: Cendrillon) is a popular fairy tale embodying a classic folk tale myth-element of unjust oppression/triumphant reward. ... Artwork by Arthur Rackham, 1909. ...

Contents

History

The Brothers Grimm, Jacob (1785–1863) and Wilhelm Karl (1786–1859), became famous as the authors of fairy tales... As scholars, they also contributed to comparative linguistics. The Grimm brothers were the most important historians of medieval language and folklore.


The Brothers Grimm were born in Hanau, Jacob on January 4, 1785, and Wilhelm on February 24, 1786. They grew up playing their games of make-believe together, and their lifelong close relationship made their accomplishments possible. The Grimm family lived nearby the magistrates' house between 1790 and 1796 while the father was employed by the Prince of Hesse. The brothers attended school in Kassel, and both studied law at the University of Marburg. It was the inspiration of Friedrich von Savigny who awakened in them an interest in the past. In 1808 Jacob was named court librarian to the king of Westphalia, and in 1816 he became librarian in Kassel, where Wilhelm was also employed. They remained there until 1830, when they secured positions at the University of Göttingen. , Hanau is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreis, in Hesse, Germany. ...


The Grimm brothers published their first volume of fairy tales, Tales of Children and the Home, in 1812. They had received their stories from peasants and villagers. In their collaboration Jacob did more of the research, while Wilhelm, more fragile, put it into literary form and provided the childlike style. They were also interested in folklore and primitive literature. Between 1816 and 1818 they published two volumes of German legends and also a volume of early literary history.


In time the brothers became interested in older languages and their relation to German. Jacob began to specialize in the history and structure of the German language. The relationships between words became known as Grimm's Law. They gathered immense amounts of data. By 1830 the brothers moved to the University of Göttingen, where Jacob was named professor and head librarian. Wilhelm also became a professor in 1835. Both were dismissed that same year for protesting against the king's decision to abolish the Hanoverian constitution. Their last years were spent in writing a definitive dictionary of the German language, the first volume published in 1854, and it was carried on by future generations.


Wilhelm died in Berlin on December 16, 1859, while Jacob continued work on the dictionary and related projects until his death in Berlin on September 20, 1863.


Linguistics

In the very early 19th century, the time in which the Brothers Grimm lived, the Holy Roman Empire had recently dissolved, and the modern nation of Germany did not exist. In its place was a confederacy of 39 small- to medium-size German states, many of the states newly created by Napoleon when he reorganized Germany. The major unifying factor for the German people of the time was a common language. So part of what motivated the Brothers in their writings and in their lives was the desire to help create a German identity. This article is about the medieval empire. ... The German Confederation (German Deutscher Bund) was a loose association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ...


Less well known to the general public outside of Germany is the Brothers' work on a German dictionary, the Deutsches Wörterbuch. It was very extensive, having 33 volumes and weighing 84 kg, and is still considered the standard reference for German etymology. Work began in 1838, but by the end of their lifetime, only sections for the letter 'A' through part of the letter 'F' were completed. Ultimately, the work was not considered complete until 1960.[2] The Deutsches Wörterbuch was first compiled by the Grimm Brothers. ... Etymologies redirects here. ...


Jacob is recognized for enunciating Grimm's law, Germanic Sound Shift, that was first observed by the Danish philologist Rasmus Christian Rask. Grimm's law was the first non-trivial systematic sound change ever to be discovered. Grimms law (also known as the First Germanic Sound Shift) is a set of statements describing the inherited Proto-Indo-European (PIE) stops as they developed in Proto-Germanic (PGmc, the common ancestor of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family) in the 1st millennium BC. It establishes... Rasmus Christian Rask Rasmus Christian Rask (November 22, 1787 - November 14, 1832), Danish scholar and philologist, was born at Brandekilde in the island of Funen or Fyn in Denmark. ... Sound change or phonetic change is a historical process of language change consisting in the replacement of one speech sound or, more generally, one phonetic feature by another in a given phonological environment. ...


Citations

  1. ^ Zipes 2002
  2. ^ Grimm Brothers' Home Page at www.pitt.edu, retrieved February 28, 2007

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References

  • Alister, Ian & Hauke, Christopher, eds. (1998), Contemporary Jungian Analysis, London: Routledge, ISBN 0415141664 
  • Michaelis-Jena, Ruth (1970), The Brothers Grimm, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, ISBN 0710064497 
  • Simpson, Jacqueline & Roud, Steve (2000), A Dictionary of English Folklore, Oxford University Press, ISBN 019210019X 
  • Tatar, Maria (1987), The Hard Facts of the Grimms' Fairy Tales, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-06722-8 
  • Tatar, Maria (2004), The Annotated Brothers Grimm, W.W. Norton & Co, ISBN 0-393-05848-4 
  • Zipes, Jack (1988), The Brothers Grimm, Routledge Kegan and Paul, ISBN 0416019110 
  • Zipes, Jack (1998), When Dreams Came True: Classical Fairy Tales and Their Tradition, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-92151-1 
  • Zipes, Jack (2002), The Brothers Grimm: From Enchanted Forests to the Modern World, Palgrave MacMillan, ISBN 0312293801 

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External links

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Brothers Grimm
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Texts and recordings

Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ...

Other

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Brothers Grimm on a 1000DM banknote. ... The Brothers Grimm on a 1000DM banknote. ... Frontispiece of first volume of Grimms Kinder- und Hausmärchen (1812). ... The Frog Asks To Be Allowed To Enter The Castle - Illustration For The Frog Prince by Walter Crane 1874 The Frog King (German: Der Froschkönig), also known as The Frog Prince, is a fairy tale, best known through the Brothers Grimms written version. ... Cat and Mouse in Partnership is a Brothers Grimm fairy tale. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Story of the Youth Who Went Forth to Learn What Fear Was is a Brothers Grimm fairy tale. ... The Wolf and the Seven Young Kids is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 5. ... Trusty John, Faithful John, Faithful Johannes, or John the True is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 6, and by Joseph Jacobs in his European Folk and Fairy Tales. ... The Wonderful Musician or The Strange Musician or The Marvellous Musician is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm as tale number 8 in their Grimms Fairy Tales. ... The Twelve Brothers (German: Die zwölf Brüder) is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 9. ... Sister Alenushka Weeping about Brother Ivanushka (painting by Viktor Vasnetsov, 1881), Russian variant collected by Alexander Afanasyev in Narodnye russkie skazki. ... For other uses, see Rapunzel (disambiguation). ... The Three Little Men in the Wood or The Three Dwarfs is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, number 13. ... The Three Spinners is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm. ... Artwork by Arthur Rackham, 1909. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Fisherman and His Wife is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale no. ... The Valiant Little Tailor or The Brave Little Tailor is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 20. ... Gustave Dorés illustration for Cendrillon Cinderella (French: Cendrillon) is a popular fairy tale embodying a classic folk tale myth-element of unjust oppression/triumphant reward. ... The Riddle (German: Das Rätsel) is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 22. ... This article is about the Snow White character. ... Illustration of Rumpelstiltskin from Andrew Langs The Blue Fairy Book, ca. ... Grimms law (also known as the First Germanic Sound Shift) is a set of statements describing the inherited Proto-Indo-European (PIE) stops as they developed in Proto-Germanic (PGmc, the common ancestor of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family) in the 1st millennium BC. It establishes... The Göttingen Seven. ... Grim Tales from Down Below is a manga styled fan/webcomic drawn by an artist known only as Bleedman and is hosted by Snafu Comics. ... The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962) is a Cinerama film directed by Henry Levin, who had a long career throughout his life with movies such as Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959) and the television series Knots Landing in the late 1970s and early 1990s. ... Grimms Fairy Tale Classics , Grimm Masterpiece Theatre) is an anime series produced by Nippon Animation. ... This article is about the movie The Brothers Grimm. ... The Sisters Grimm is a fantasy novel series written by Michael Buckley, and centers on Sabrina and Daphne Grimm, descendants of the Brothers Grimm. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Grimm Brothers (853 words)
In 1837, the Brothers Grimm joined five of their colleague professors at the University of Göttingen to protest against the abolition of the liberal constitution of the state of Hanover by King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover.
The Grimms helped foment a nationwide democratic public opinion in Germany and are cherished as the progenitors of the German democratic movement, whose revolution of 1848/1849 was crushed brutally by the Kingdom of Prussia, where there was established a constitutional monarchy.
In the very early 19th century, the time in which the Brothers Grimm lived, the Holy Roman Empire had just met its fate, and Germany as we know it today did not yet exist; it was basically an area of hundreds of principalities and small or mid-sized countries.
Grimm Brothers - MSN Encarta (375 words)
Grimm Brothers, two 19th-century German scholars and brothers, who were leaders in the study of philology and folklore.
Both brothers were born in Hanau—Jacob on January 4, 1785, and Wilhelm on February 24, 1786—and they were educated at the University of Marburg.
After several years in diplomatic and library posts in Kassel, the brothers went in 1830 to the University of Göttingen, where Wilhelm became a librarian and Jacob a lecturer on ancient law, literary history, and philosophy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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