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Encyclopedia > Broome, Western Australia
Broome
Western Australia

Camels at Cable Beach
Population: 14,706 Census 2006
Established: 1880s
Postcode: 6725
Elevation: 19 m
Location: 2,100 km from Perth
LGA: Shire of Broome
State District: Kimberley
Federal Division: Kalgoorlie
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
32.0 °C
90 °F
21.1 °C
70 °F
575.6 mm
22.7 in

Broome is a pearling and tourist town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, 2200 km north of Perth. The year round population is approximately 14,000, growing to around 30,000 during the tourist season.[citation needed] Broome International Airport provides transport to several regional and domestic towns and cities. Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $100,900 (4th)  - Product per capita  $50,355/person (3rd) Population (December 2006)  - Population  2,050,900 (4th)  - Density  0. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 243 KB) Summary Photo taken (7th Aug 2003) and supplied by Nachoman-au. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... // Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... Australian postcodes have four digits; envelopes for posting from Australia reflect this. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... km redirects here. ... The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Map of Local Government Areas in Western Australia There are 144 Local Governments in Western Australia (including Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands), represented by the Western Australian Local Government Association. ... The Shire of Broome is a Local Government Area of Western Australia based in the town of Broome (; postcode: 6725, population 13,858 (2001)). The Shire covers an area of about 55,000 km² and is one of the four local governments in the Kimberley Region. ... State Electoral District is a term used to refer to a voting area within Australian states. ... Kimberley is an Electoral district of Western Australia. ... The Australian House of Representatives is elected from 150 single-member districts called Divisions. ... The Division of Kalgoorlie is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Western Australia. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Kimberley is one of the nine regions of Western Australia, consisting of the local government areas of Broome, Derby-West Kimberley, Halls Creek and Wyndham-East Kimberley. ... The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Broome International Airport (IATA: BME, ICAO: YBRM) is a regional airport located close in Broome, Australia. ...

Contents

Cable Beach

Cable Beach is situated 7 km from town along a good bitumen road. The beach itself is 22.5 km long with beautiful white sand washed clean daily by tides that can reach over nine metres. The water is crystal clear tourquoise, and the gentle swells hardly manage to topple over as they roll up onto the almost perfectly flat beach. Caution, however, is required when swimming from November through March as stingers are present during those months. Four wheel drive vehicles may be driven onto the beach from the car park. This allows people to explore the beach at low tide to a much greater extent than would be possible on foot. Sunset camel rides operate daily along the beach. Cable Beach lies on the western shore of Broome, and boosts an amazing 22. ... Families see text Jellyfish net enclosure at Ellis Beach, Queensland Box jellyfish are water-dwelling invertebrates belonging to the class Cubozoa, named for their cube-shaped medusae. ...


Cable Beach is home to one of Australia's most famous nudist beaches. The clothes optional area is to the north of the beach access road from the car park and continues to the mouth of Willie Creek, 17 km away.


Roebuck Bay

Being situated on a north/south peninsula, Broome has water on both sides of the town. On the eastern shore are the waters of Roebuck Bay extending from the Main jetty at Port Drive to the mangroves on the edge of Chinatown. Town Beach is part of the shoreline and is popular with visitors on the eastern end of the town. It is also the site of the famous stairway to the moon where a receding tide and a rising moon combine to create a stunning natural phenomenon. On stairway to the moon nights, a food and craft market is operated on Town Beach. Broome (17°57′ S 122°14′ E) is a pearling town in the Kimberley region in the far North of Western Australia. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal Mangroves are woody trees or shrubs that grow in mangrove habitats or mangal (Hogarth, 1999). ...


Roebuck Bay is of international importance for the millions of migratory waders or shorebirds that use it seasonally on migration through the East Asian - Australasian Flyway from their breeding grounds in northern Asia. They feed on the extensive intertidal mudflats and roost at high tide on the red sand beaches of the Bay. They can be seen in the largest numbers in summer, but many of the younger birds remain throughout the first and second years of their lives. The Broome Bird Observatory on the northern shore of Roebuck Bay was established by Birds Australia, and opened in 1990. The purpose of the observatory is to study the birds, learn how to protect them, and educate the public about them. Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ... The East Asian - Australasian Flyway is ones of the worlds great flyways. ... Broome Bird Observatory is an educational, scientific and recreational facility near Broome, Western Australia. ... Australia The Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union was founded in 1901 to promote the study and conservation of the native bird species of Australia, making it the oldest national birding association of that country. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


History

Broome was first visited by European William Dampier in 1688 and again in 1699. Many of the coastal features of the area are named by him. In 1879, Charles Harper suggested that the pearling industry could be served by a port closer to the pearling grounds and that Roebuck Bay would be suitable. In 1883, John Forrest selected the site for the town, and it was named after the Governor of Western Australia, Sir Frederick Broome. William Dampier (1651 – March, 1715) was an English buccaneer, sea captain, author and scientific observer. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Charles Harper (15 July 1842–20 April 1912) was a pastoralist, newspaper proprieter and politician in colonial Western Australia. ... Broome (17°57′ S 122°14′ E) is a pearling town in the Kimberley region in the far North of Western Australia. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... John Forrest, 1898 Sir John Forrest GCMG PC (22 August 1847–2 September 1918) was an Australian explorer, the first Premier of Western Australia and a cabinet minister in Australias first federal parliament. ... Flag of the Governor of Western Australia The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II. The Governor performs important constitutional, ceremonial and community functions, including: presiding over the Executive Council; proroguing and dissolving the Legislative Assembly and the... Sir Frederick Napier Broome was Governor of Western Australia from 1883 to 1889. ...


In 1889, a telegraph undersea cable was laid from Broome to Singapore, connecting to England. Hence the name Cable Beach given to the landfall site. Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Optical Telegraf of Claude Chappe on the Litermont near Nalbach, Germany Telegraphy (from the Greek words tele (τηλε) = far and graphein (γραφειν) = write) is the long-distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally by changing something that could be observed from a distance (optical telegraphy). ... The multitude of layers in a submarine communications cable is revealed by its Cross section. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... Cable Beach lies on the western shore of Broome, and boosts an amazing 22. ...


The town has an interesting history based around the exploits of the men and women who developed the pearling industry, starting with the harvesting of oysters for mother of pearl in the 1880s to the current major cultured pearl farming enterprises. The riches from the pearl beds did not come cheap, and the town's Japanese cemetery is the resting place of more than 900 Japanese divers who lost their lives working in the industry. Many were lost at sea and the exact number of deaths is unknown. A piece of nacre Nacre, also known as mother of pearl, is an organic mixture of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of platy crystals of aragonite and conchiolin (a scleroprotein). ... // Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... A cultured pearl is a pearl created by a pearl farmer under controlled conditions. ...


The Japanese were only one of the major ethnic groups who flocked to Broome to work on the luggers or the shore based activities supporting the harvesting of oysters from the waters around Broome. They were specialist divers and, despite political pressure to expel them in support of the White Australia Policy, became an indispensable part of the industry until World War II. This badge from 1906 shows the use of the expression White Australia at that time The White Australia policy is a generic term used to describe a collection of historical legislation and policies, intended to restrict non-white immigration to Australia, and to promote European immigration, from 1901 to 1973. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Broome was attacked by Japanese aircraft on March 3, 1942. The air raid killed at least 88 people. Following the end of the war in 1945, the town and its pearling industry gradually recovered from the disruptions of wartime. The town of Broome, Western Australia was attacked by Japanese fighter planes on March 3, 1942, during World War II. At least 88 people were killed. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...

The West Australian mining boom of the 1960s, as well as the growth of the tourism industry, also helped Broome develop and diversify. Broome is one of the fastest growing cities in Australia. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x1367, 99 KB) Shows location of w: Broome, Western Australia marked in red in the Australian state of w:Western Australia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x1367, 99 KB) Shows location of w: Broome, Western Australia marked in red in the Australian state of w:Western Australia. ... Tourists on Oahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. ... Locations named Broome: Broome, Western Australia - a town in the north of Western Australia Broome County, New York - a county in the USA Broome, New York - a town in Schoharie County, New York In England: Broome, Norfolk Broome, Shropshire Broome, Worcestershire People named Broome: David Broome, British equestrian Sir Frederick...


At Gantheaume Point and 30 metres out to sea are dinosaur footprints believed to be from the Cretaceous Age approximately 130 million years ago. The tracks can be seen only during very low tide. The Cretaceous Period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ...


Climate

Being in the tropics, Broome has two seasons. The dry season is from May through November with nearly every day clear and maximum temperatures around 30 degrees Celsius. The wet season extends from December through March, with maximum temperatures of around 35 degrees Celsius, rather erratic tropical downpours, and high humidity. Broome's annual rainfall average is 550mm, 75% of which falls from January through March. Broome is susceptible to tropical cyclones, and these, along with the equally unpredictable nature of summer thunderstorms, play a large part in the erratic nature of the rainfall. For instance, in January 1979, Broome recorded just 5.4mm of rainfall while in the same month of 1997, it received 910.8mm. Frost is unknown; however, temperatures during the cooler "winter" months have dropped to as low as 3 degrees Celsius. A noontime scene from the Philippines on a day when the sun is almost directly overhead. ...

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 33.4 33.3 34.2 34.3 31.2 28.2 27.9 29.7 31.7 32.8 33.9 34.1 32.1
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 26.1 26.0 25.2 22.2 18.1 15.3 14.1 15.3 18.4 21.9 24.7 26.2 21.1
Mean total rainfall (mm) 158.4 143.5 100.9 29.8 20.7 23.3 4.3 2.6 1.2 0.7 13.3 76.8 575.6
Mean number of rain days 9.5 8.8 7.0 1.9 1.6 1.8 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.1 5.4 38.6
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

References

  • John Bailey, The White Divers of Broome, Sydney, MacMillan, 2001. ISBN 0-7329-1078-1

External links

Coordinates: 17°57′43″S 122°14′10″E / -17.962, 122.236 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Broome Tourism (844 words)
Broome is the brilliant natural light that draws artists to its beauty; a place of galleries and cafes and breweries and festivals; Broome is gardens overflowing with vibrant colours, that are set against the backdrop of Roebuck Bay, with its even more vibrant blue waters.
Broome is situated on a peninsula with the tidal mangrove waters of Roebuck Bay one side and with the Indian Ocean washing the spectacular Cable Beach the other side of the peninsula.
Broome is heavily influenced by the Asian architecture of the many Chinese and Japanese nationals that flocked to Broome to seek their fortune in the early days of the pearling industry.
Broome - Broome WA - Broome Accommodation - Broome Western Australia | WestAccom.net | Western Australia Accommodation ... (625 words)
Broome is generally very hot in the summer months and very wet due to the monsoon rains further north.
The history of Broome is a real-life swashbuckling tale of men seeking their fortunes in a harsh and unforgiving environment.
In fact, the history of Broome and the pearling industry are virtually one and the same, with the town's prosperity ebbing and flowing with the fortunes of the pearlers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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