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Encyclopedia > Brooklyn
Brooklyn
—  Borough of New York City  —
Kings County
Location of Brooklyn shown in yellow.
Coordinates: 40°37′29″N 73°57′8″W / 40.62472, -73.95222
Country United States
State New York
County Kings
City New York City
Settled 1634
Government
 - Borough president Marty Markowitz
Area
 - Total 96.90 sq mi (251 km²)
 - Land 70.61 sq mi (182.9 km²)
 - Water 26.29 sq mi (68.1 km²)
Population
 - Total 2,465,326
 - Density 34,916.6/sq mi (13,481.4/km²)
Website: Official Website of the Brooklyn Borough President

Brooklyn (named after the Dutch town Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. An independent city until its consolidation into New York in 1898, Brooklyn is New York City's most populous borough, with more than 2.5 million residents.[1] If the borough was still considered an independent city, it would be the 4th largest city in the United States (while the remaining boroughs of New York would remain #1). Brooklyn is coterminous with Kings County, which is the most populous county in New York State, and the second most densely populated county in the United States (after New York County, which is the borough of Manhattan).[2] Brooklyn is a borough of New York City. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... Brooklyn skyline, seen from the Staten Island Ferry off the tip of lower Manhattan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2652x2582, 4758 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Brooklyn ... This article is about the state. ... Kings County is the name of several counties aorund the world: Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada Kings County, New Brunswick, Canada Kings County, California, United States of America Kings County, Ireland is the former name of County Offaly. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Borough President is an elective office in New York City. ... Marty Markowitz is the Borough President of Brooklyn, New York City. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Breukelen is a municipality and town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Kings County is the name of several counties aorund the world: Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada Kings County, New Brunswick, Canada Kings County, California, United States of America Kings County, Ireland is the former name of County Offaly. ... The definitions of the political subdivisions of the state of New York differ from those in certain other countries or even various other U.S. states, leading to misunderstandings regarding the governmental nature of an area. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ...


Though a part of New York City, Brooklyn maintains its own personality. It is characterized by cultural diversity, an independent art scene, distinct neighborhoods, and a unique architectural heritage. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... These are the neighborhoods of Brooklyn, one of five boroughs of New York City. ...

Contents

History of Brooklyn

Main article: History of Brooklyn

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle the area on the western edge of Long Island, which was then largely inhabited by the Canarsie Native American tribe. The first Dutch settlement was Midwout (Midwood) which was established in 1634.[3] The Dutch also purchased land in the 1630s from the Mohawks around present day Gowanus, Red Hook, the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and Bushwick.[3] The Village of Breuckelen was authorized by the Dutch West India Company in 1646 and became the first municipality in what is now New York State. At the time, Breuckelen was part of New Netherland. // [edit] Six Dutch towns The Battle of Brooklyn was fought across Kings County An independent city prior to 1898, Brooklyn developed out of the small Dutch-founded town of Breuckelen on the East River shore of Long Island, named after Breukelen in the Netherlands. ... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Residential building cluster in Midwood Midwood is a neighborhood in the south central part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn, New York, USA, roughly halfway between Prospect Park and Coney Island. ... This article is about the people known as Mohawk. For other uses, see Mohawk. ... Gowanus is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, USA, situated roughly between Red Hook and Carroll Gardens on the west and Park Slope on the east. ... A Holland-Style Factory Building in Red Hook Red Hook circa 1875 Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... The New York Naval Shipyard (NYNSY), also known as the Brooklyn Navy Yard , the New York Navy Yard and United States Navy Yard, New York, is located 1. ... Bushwick is a neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn, New York, USA. Founded in 1661 by Governor Peter Stuyvesant as Boswijck, it is the site of some of the earliest settlements in Brooklyn that date to the middle of the 17th century. ... Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... States which were part of New Netherlands Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ...


The Dutch lost Breuckelen in the British conquest of New Netherland in 1664. In 1683, the British reorganized the Province of New York into 12 counties, each of which was sub-divided into towns. Over time, the name evolved from Breuckelen, to Brockland, to Brocklin, to Brookline, and eventually, Brooklyn (current name today).[3] Kings County was one of the original 12 counties, and Brooklyn was one of the original six towns within Kings County. The county was named in honor of King Charles II of England. A map of the Province of New York. ... This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. For information about other Commonwealth realm monarchies, as well as other relevant articles, see... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ...


In August and September 1776, the Battle of Long Island (also called the "Battle of Brooklyn") was fought in Kings County. It was the first major battle in the American Revolutionary War following the Declaration of Independence, and the largest battle of the entire conflict. New York, and Brooklyn along with it, gained independence from the British with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Combatants United States Kingdom of Great Britain Commanders George Washington, Israel Putnam William Howe, Charles Cornwallis, Henry Clinton Strength 11,000-13,000 unknown, nearly 20,000 (about 10,000 of which were militia ) 22,000 (including 9,000 Hessians) Casualties 1,719 total (312 dead, 1,407 wounded, captured... This article is about military actions only. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... Painting by Benjamin West depicting (from left to right) John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ...


The first half of the 19th century saw urban areas grow along the economically strategic East River waterfront, across from New York City. The county had two cities: the City of Brooklyn and the City of Williamsburgh. Brooklyn annexed Williamsburgh in 1854, which lost its final "h." It took until 1896 for Brooklyn to annex all other parts of Kings County. Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint, Bed-Stuy, and Bushwick. ...


The building of rail links such as the Brighton Beach Line in 1878 heralded explosive growth, and in the space of a decade the City of Brooklyn annexed the Town of New Lots in 1886, the Town of Flatbush, the Town of Gravesend, and the Town of New Utrecht in 1894, and the Town of Flatlands in 1896. The New York City Subway has had a long history, beginning as many disjointed systems and eventually merging under City control. ... The Brighton Line is a rapid transit line of the New York City Subway in Brooklyn, New York City. ... Afternoon by the Sea (Gravesend Bay), a pastel by William Merritt Chase, ca 1888 shows traditional catboats in the bay and the Navesink Highlands across Lower New York Bay. ...


Brooklyn had reached its natural municipal boundaries at the ends of Kings County. In 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge was completed, and transportation to Manhattan was no longer by water only. The question became whether Brooklyn was prepared to engage in the still-grander process of consolidation then developing throughout the region. In 1894, Brooklyn residents voted by a slight majority to join with Manhattan, The Bronx, Queens and Richmond (later Staten Island) as the five boroughs to form modern New York City, effective in 1898. Kings County retained its status as one of New York State's counties. For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... For other uses, see The Bronx (disambiguation). ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ...


Geography

See also: Geography and environment of New York City
Satellite image showing Brooklyn, center. Manhattan is visible upper left. Staten Island is seen lower left, linked by the Verrazano Narrows Bridge.
Satellite image showing Brooklyn, center. Manhattan is visible upper left. Staten Island is seen lower left, linked by the Verrazano Narrows Bridge.

Brooklyn is located on the westernmost point of Long Island and shares its only land boundary with Queens to the northeast. The westernmost section of this boundary is defined by Newtown Creek, which flows into the East River. The geography and environment of New York City is characterized by its coastal position at the meeting of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean in a naturally sheltered harbor. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1372x1715, 1378 KB) This false-color satellite image shows the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1372x1715, 1378 KB) This false-color satellite image shows the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... The Verrazano Narrows Bridge (properly written as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge) is a suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay with the larger lower bay. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... Newtown Creek and its tributaries: Maspeth Creek, English Kills, and Dutch Kills Newtown Creek is a tributary of the East River, approximately 3. ...


Brooklyn's waterfront faces different bodies of water. Northern Brooklyn's coast is defined by the East River, while middle Brooklyn adjoins Upper New York Bay. This area of the waterfront features the Red Hook peninsula and the Erie Basin. Buttermilk Channel separates this part of the waterfront from Governors Island. Southwest is Gowanus Bay, connected to the Gowanus Canal. At its south westernmost section, Brooklyn is separated from Staten Island by the Narrows, where Upper and Lower New York Bay meet. Upper New York Bay, sometimes called Upper New York Harbor or the Upper Bay, is the northern area of New York Harbor inside the Narrows. ... A Holland-Style Factory Building in Red Hook Red Hook circa 1875 Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Categories: Stub ... This article is about Governors Island in New York State. ... An aerial view of the canal and its crossings. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ...


Brooklyn's southern coast includes the peninsula on which stretch Coney Island, Brighton Beach and Manhattan Beach. The southeastern coast lies on island-dotted Jamaica Bay. For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Brighton Beach (disambiguation). ... The waterfront of Manhattan Beach Manhattan Beach is a residential neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Jamaica Bay is a bay that lies in the shadow of New York Citys skyscrapers and is adjacent to one of the nations busiest airports. ...


The highest point in Brooklyn is the area around Prospect Park and Green-Wood Cemetery, rising approximately 200 feet (60 m) above sea level. There is also a minor elevation in Downtown Brooklyn known as Brooklyn Heights. Prospect Park is a 585[1] acre (2. ... Green-Wood Cemetery was founded in 1838 as a rural cemetery in Kings County, New York, now in Brooklyn. ... Skyline of Downtown Brooklyn seen from the East River Metro Tech is a business center in Downtown Brooklyn Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest central business district in New York City (following Midtown Manhattan and Downtown Manhattan), and is located in the northwestern section of the borough of Brooklyn. ... Expensive real estate: Brooklyn Heights in the snow taken from the Promenade, 2003 Brooklyn Heights is a neighborhood within the New York City borough of Brooklyn; originally designated through popular reference as Brooklyn Village, it has, since 1834, become a prevalent area of the Brooklyn borough. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the County has a total area of 251.0 km² (96.9 sq mi). 182.9 km² (70.6 sq mi) of it is land and 68.1 km² (26.3 sq mi) of it is water. 27.13% of the total area is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Populations of wild Monk Parakeets, also known as the Quaker Parrot, live in Green-Wood Cemetery, Midwood, Flatbush, Marine Park, Bensonhurst, and Bay Ridge. Binomial name (Boddaert, 1783) The Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus), also known as the Quaker Parrot, is a species of parrot that originated in the temperate areas of Argentina and Brazil in South America. ...


Neighborhoods

See also: List of Brooklyn, New York neighborhoods
A typical Park Slope block.
The Saitta House, Dyker Heights.
The Saitta House, Dyker Heights.

Brooklyn is sometimes referred to as the borough of neighborhoods for its many well-defined neighborhoods, many of which developed from distinct towns and villages that date back to its founding in the Dutch colonial era in the early 1600s. These are the neighborhoods of Brooklyn, one of five boroughs of New York City. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 634 KB) Photo by Greogry Kats (myself) Fabulosly-looking Park Slope street in a Spring. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 634 KB) Photo by Greogry Kats (myself) Fabulosly-looking Park Slope street in a Spring. ... A typical Park Slope block in spring. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 663 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Saitta House in Dyker Heights. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 663 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Saitta House in Dyker Heights. ...


Today, Downtown Brooklyn is the third-largest central business district in New York City, after Midtown Manhattan and Lower Manhattan.[4] It has many commercial towers and a rapidly increasing number of residential buildings. Skyline of Downtown Brooklyn seen from the East River Metro Tech is a business center in Downtown Brooklyn Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest central business district in New York City (following Midtown Manhattan and Downtown Manhattan), and is located in the northwestern section of the borough of Brooklyn. ... Midtown Manhattan viewed from the World Trade Center. ... Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Rigid airship the USS Akron over Lower Manhattan Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ...


The northwestern neighborhoods between the Brooklyn Bridge and Prospect Park, including Boerum Hill, Brooklyn Heights, Carroll Gardens, Cobble Hill, Clinton Hill, Vinegar Hill, DUMBO (an acronym for "Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass"), Fort Greene, Gowanus, Park Slope, Prospect Heights, and Red Hook, are characterized by many nineteenth century brick townhouses and brownstones. These neighborhoods include some of the most gentrified and affluent neighborhoods in Brooklyn, along with ample subway lines, cultural institutions, and high-end restaurants. For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... Prospect Park is a 585[1] acre (2. ... Boerum Hill is a small segment of Brooklyn roughly bounded by State Street to the north, 3rd Avenue to the east, Court Street to the west, and Warren Street to the south. ... Expensive real estate: Brooklyn Heights in the snow taken from the Promenade, 2003 Brooklyn Heights is a neighborhood within the New York City borough of Brooklyn; originally designated through popular reference as Brooklyn Village, it has, since 1834, become a prevalent area of the Brooklyn borough. ... Carroll Gardens is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, USA named for Charles Carroll, a revolutionary war veteran who was also the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. ... Cobble Hill is a Brooklyn neighborhood in New York City, USA. Bordered by Atlantic Avenue on the north, Hicks Street to the west, Smith Street on the east and Degraw Street to the south, Cobble Hill sits adjacent to Boerum Hill and Brooklyn Heights with Carroll Gardens to the south. ... Clinton Hill is a small neighborhood in north-central Brooklyn, New York. ... Vinegar Hill is a neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City on the East River waterfront between DUMBO and the Brooklyn Navy Yard. ... A view of part of DUMBO with Manhattan in the distance Newly built apartment tower DuMBo (an acronym for Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass) is the popular name of a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Fort Greene is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Gowanus is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, USA, situated roughly between Red Hook and Carroll Gardens on the west and Park Slope on the East. ... A typical Park Slope block in spring. ... Prospect Heights is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bounded by Flatbush Avenue to the west, Atlantic Avenue to the north, Eastern Parkway to the south, and, traditionally, Washington Avenue to the east,[1] though some people believe the eastern boundary is Bedford Avenue. ... A Holland-Style Factory Building in Red Hook Red Hook circa 1875 Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... This article is about the building material and the dwelling. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ...


Farther North along the East River lie Williamsburg and Greenpoint. Traditionally working class communities with a vibrant cultural mix, many artists and hipsters have moved into the area since the late 1990s. Further changing the area, the city completed an extensive rezoning of the Brooklyn waterfront in 2005 which will allow for many new residential condominiums. Williamsburg, like Boro Park, is home to a very large Ultra-Orthodox Jewish community. As prices have risen, redevelopment has moved eastward away from the waterfront into Bushwick along the L subway line. This is more than likely due to the Hipster (contemporary subculture) exodus along the L subway line. New York City waterways: 1. ... Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint, Bed-Stuy, and Bushwick. ... Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District. ... In the 1990s and 2000s, the 1940s slang term hipster began being used in North America to describe young, well-educated urban middle class and upper class adults with leftist or liberal social and political views and interests in a non-mainstream fashion and cultural aesthetic. ... Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ... Bushwick is a neighborhood in the northeastern part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Eighth Avenue to Rockaway Parkway The L 14th Street–Canarsie Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line at all times. ... In the 1990s and 2000s, the 1940s slang term hipster began being used in North America to describe young, well-educated urban middle class and upper class adults with leftist or liberal social and political views and interests in a non-mainstream fashion and cultural aesthetic. ... Eighth Avenue to Rockaway Parkway The L 14th Street–Canarsie Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line at all times. ...


Neighborhoods such as Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brownsville, East New York, and several parts of Bushwick in North Central and North East Brooklyn have some of if not the highest crime rates in New York City. Operation Impact (an operation to flood high crime neighborhoods with police officers to prevent or deter crime) will be sending 1/3 of their new recruits to the northern section alone. (There are 8 Task forces in New York City, and a third of the officers allocated to North Brooklyn alone). Bedford-Stuyvesant (also known as Bed-Stuy) is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Brownsville is a neighborhood in central Brooklyn, New York, predominantly Caribbean, Hispanic, and African-American. ... East New York is a primarily low to middle income neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Bushwick is a neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn, New York, USA. Founded in 1661 by Governor Peter Stuyvesant as Boswijck, it is the site of some of the earliest settlements in Brooklyn that date to the middle of the 17th century. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The New York City Police Department (NYPD) , the largest police department in the United States, has primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation within the five boroughs of New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Central and southern Brooklyn contains many more architecturally and culturally distinct neighborhoods, some of which grew rapidly in the late 19th and early 20th century as upwardly-mobile immigrants moved out of tenement buildings in Manhattan neighborhoods like the Lower East Side. Borough Park is largely Ultra-Orthodox Jewish; Bedford-Stuyvesant is the largest black neighborhood in the country; Bensonhurst is an Italian American neighborhood, as is neighboring Dyker Heights and many other neighborhoods in Brooklyn. However, there are also many Chinese and Russian families residing in Bensonhurst. East Flatbush and Fort Greene are home to a large number of middle-class black professionals. Brighton Beach is home to many Russian -Americans. Since 1990, Brooklyn has seen a rise in new immigration to neighborhoods like Sunset Park, home to flourishing Mexican and Chinese American communities. Borough Park Street covered with snow. ... Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ... Bedford-Stuyvesant (also known as Bed-Stuy) is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... This article is about the color. ... Bensonhurst Embankment is a common walkway in Bensonhurst Bensonhurst is a neighborhood located in the south-central part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Dyker Heights is a neighborhood in southwestern Brooklyn, New York, USA. It is sandwiched between Bay Ridge, Bensonhurst on Gravesend Bay(Lower New York Bay). ... East Flatbush is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Fort Greene is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... For other uses, see Brighton Beach (disambiguation). ... Sunset Park is a neighborhood in the southern Brooklyn section of Brooklyn, New York, USA. The neighborhood is located south of Park Slope and Windsor Terrace, separated by Green-Wood Cemetery and the Prospect Expressway/NY-27, while 65th Street and the Gowanus Expressway/I-278 mark the end of... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Languages various Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ...


Adjacent counties

This article is about the borough in New York City. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ...

Government

Since consolidation with New York City in 1898, Brooklyn has been governed by the New York City Charter that provides for a "strong" mayor-council system. The centralized New York City government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services in Brooklyn. New York City has been a metropolitan municipality with a strong mayor-council form of government since its consolidation in 1898. ... Image File history File links Courthouse_brooklynboroughhall. ... Image File history File links Courthouse_brooklynboroughhall. ... Brooklyn Borough Hall Brooklyn Borough Hall was designed in 1835 and completed in 1849 to be used as the City Hall of the City of Brooklyn. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ...


The office of Borough President was created in the consolidation of 1898 to balance centralization with local authority. Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City Board of Estimate, which was responsible for creating and approving the city's budget and proposals for land use. In 1989, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the Board of Estimate unconstitutional on the grounds that Brooklyn, the most populous borough, had no greater effective representation on the Board than Staten Island, the least populous borough, a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause pursuant to the high court's 1964 "one man, one vote" decision.[5] Borough President is an elective office in New York City. ... The New York City Board of Estimate was a governmental body in New York City, responsible for budget and land-use decisions. ... The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[1]) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. ... Amendment XIV in the National Archives The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (Amendment XIV) is one of the post-Civil War amendments (known as the Reconstruction Amendments), first intended to secure rights for former slaves. ... Congressman John Bingham of Ohio was the principal framer of the Equal Protection Clause. ...


Since 1990 the Borough President has acted as an advocate for the borough at the mayoral agencies, the City Council, the New York state government, and corporations. Brooklyn's Borough President is Marty Markowitz, elected as a Democrat in 2001 and re-elected in 2005. Craig Eaton is the Chairman of the Kings County Republicans in Brooklyn. Marty Markowitz is the Borough President of Brooklyn, New York City. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...

Presidential election results
Year Republican Democrat
2004 24.3% 167,149 74.9% 514,973
2000 15.7% 96,605 80.6% 497,468
1996 15.1% 81,406 80.1% 432,232
1992 22.9% 133,344 70.7% 411,183
1988 32.6% 230,064 66.3% 368,518
1984 38.3% 285,477 61.3% 328,379
1980 38.4% 200,306 55.4% 288,893
1976 31.1% 190,728 68.3% 419,382
1972 49.0% 373,903 50.8% 387,768
1968 32.0% 247,936 63.1% 489,174
1964 25.0% 229,291 74.8% 684,839
1960 33.5% 327,497 66.2% 646,582
1956 45.2% 460,456 54.7% 557,655

The Democratic Party holds the majority of public offices. 69.7% of registered voters in Brooklyn are Democrats. Party platforms center on affordable housing, education and economic development. The most controversial political issue is over the proposed Brooklyn Nets Arena, a large development project. Pockets of Republican influence exist in Bay Ridge and Dyker Heights. GOP redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Presidential election results map. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The Brooklyn Nets Arena is a proposed sports arena to be built partly on a platform over the Metropolitan Transportation Authority-owned Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Bay Ridge is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, USA. Bay Ridge is located in the southwest corner of Brooklyn, New York. ... Dyker Heights is a neighborhood in southwestern Brooklyn, New York, USA. It is sandwiched between Bay Ridge, Bensonhurst on Gravesend Bay(Lower New York Bay). ...


Each of the city's five counties (coterminous with each borough) has its own criminal court system and District Attorney, the chief public prosecutor who is directly elected by popular vote. Charles J. Hynes, a Democrat, has been the District Attorney of Kings County since 1989. Brooklyn has 16 City Council members, the largest number of any of the five boroughs. It also has 18 administrative districts, each served by a local Community Board. Community Boards are representative bodies that field complaints and serve as advocates for local residents. A district attorney is, in some U.S. jurisdictions, the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of criminals. ...


Brooklyn has not voted for a Republican in a national presidential election in the last 50 years. In the 2004 presidential election Democrat John Kerry received 74.9% of the vote in Brooklyn and Republican George W. Bush received 24.3%. GOP redirects here. ... For the current presidential election see: United States presidential election, 2008 United States presidential election determines who serves as president and vice president of the United States for a four-year term, starting at midday on Inauguration Day, which is January 20 of the year after the election. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Brooklyn is split between six congressional districts, three of which are based in the borough.

  • The midtown Manhattan-based 8th District is represented by Democrat Jerry Nadler and takes in portions of south Brooklyn including Coney Island, Boro Park and parts of Bensonhurst and Bay Ridge.
  • The Staten Island-based 13th district, represented by Republican Vito Fossella, includes some of the more conservative areas of the borough, including most of Bay Ridge and Bensonhurst and all of Gravesend and Dyker Heights.

Brooklyn's official motto is Een Draght Mackt Maght. Written in the (old) Dutch language, it is inspired by the motto of the United Dutch Provinces and translated as In Unity There is Strength. The motto is displayed on the borough seal and flag, which also feature a young robed woman bearing fasces, a traditional emblem of republicanism.[8] Brooklyn's official colors are blue and gold.[9] Edolphus Towns Edolphus Ed Towns (born July 21, 1934) is an American politician and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing the 10th District of New York (map) based in Brooklyn. ... New Yorks 10th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in Brooklyn. ... Fort Greene is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Bedford Stuyvesant (aka Bed-Stuy) is a neighborhood in central Brooklyn, New York City. ... Brownsville is a neighborhood in central Brooklyn, New York, predominantly Caribbean, Hispanic, and African-American. ... East New York is a primarily low to middle income neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Canarsie is a neighborhood in the eastern portion of the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City, USA. Its name is Algonquin for fenced land or fort. ... Yvette Clarke is a member of the New York City Council from Brooklyn. ... New Yorks 11th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in Brooklyn. ... Crown Heights is a neighborhood in the central portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Flatbush is a neighborhood of the Borough of Brooklyn, a part of New York City. ... East Flatbush is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... The National Voting Rights Act of 1965 ()[1] outlawed the requirement that would-be voters in the United States take literacy tests to qualify to register to vote, and it provided for federal registration of voters in areas that had less than 50% of eligible minority voters registered. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Shirley Anita St. ... The Congressional Black Caucus is an organization representing African American members of the Congress of the United States. ... Nydia Margarita Velazquez (born (March 28, 1953) in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico), became the first Puerto Rican woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. ... New Yorks 12th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City. ... Bushwick is a neighborhood in the northeastern part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint, Bed-Stuy, and Bushwick. ... A Holland-Style Factory Building in Red Hook Red Hook circa 1875 Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Sunset Park is a neighborhood in the southern Brooklyn section of Brooklyn, New York, USA. The neighborhood is located south of Park Slope and Windsor Terrace, separated by Green-Wood Cemetery and the Prospect Expressway/NY-27, while 65th Street and the Gowanus Expressway/I-278 mark the end of... Categories: Manhattan neighborhoods | Stub ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... Anthony D. Weiner (b. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... New Yorks 9th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in New York City. ... Bergen Beach is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Brighton Beach is a community on Coney Island in the borough of Brooklyn, New York City. ... Gerritsen Beach is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, located near Marine Park and Sheepshead Bay, in Brooklyn Community Board 15. ... Kensington is a neighborhood in the center of the New York City, borough of Brooklyn. ... The waterfront of Manhattan Beach Manhattan Beach is a residential neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... General Information Marine Park . ... Residential building cluster in Midwood Midwood is a neighborhood in the south central part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn, New York, USA, roughly halfway between Prospect Park and Coney Island. ... Mill Basin/ Mill Island is a neighborhood in New York City in the southeastern portion of the borough of Brooklyn lying along Jamaica Bay and bounded to the north by Avenue U, and to the east, south, and west by the Mill Basin / Mill Island Inlet. ... Sheepshead Bay is a bay separating the mainland of Brooklyn, New York City from the eastern portion of Coney Island, the latter originally a barrier island but now effectively an extension of the mainland with peninsulas both east and west. ... Map New Yorks Eighth Congressional District district for the United States House of Representatives in New York City. ... Jerrold Lewis Nadler (born June 13, 1947) is a American politician from the U.S. state of New York. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ... New Yorks 13th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City. ... Vito John Fossella, Jr. ... Dutch ( ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people, mainly in the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname, but also by smaller groups of speakers in parts of France, Germany and several former Dutch colonies. ... This article is about the Dutch United Provinces. ... This article is about the authentication means. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... Roman fasces. ... Republicanism is the ideology of governing a nation as a republic, with an emphasis on liberty, rule of law, popular sovereignty and the civic virtue practiced by citizens. ...

Party affiliation of Brooklyn registered voters
Party 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996
Democratic 69.7 69.2 70.0 70.1 70.6 70.3 70.7 70.8 70.8 71.0
Republican 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.5 10.9 11.1 11.3 11.5
No affiliation 16.5 16.9 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.5 15.9 15.5 15.4 15.2
Other 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.6 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.3 2.3


The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ...


Economy

See also: Economy of New York City
Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest business district in New York City.

Brooklyn's job market is driven by three main factors: the performance of the national/city economy, population flows, and the borough's position as a convenient back office for New York's businesses.[10] The NASDAQ MarketSite in Times Square. ... Image File history File links AdamsStreetModern. ... Image File history File links AdamsStreetModern. ... Skyline of Downtown Brooklyn seen from the East River Metro Tech is a business center in Downtown Brooklyn Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest central business district in New York City (following Midtown Manhattan and Downtown Manhattan), and is located in the northwestern section of the borough of Brooklyn. ...


Forty-four percent of Brooklyn's employed population, or 410,000 people, work in the borough; more than half of the borough's residents work outside its boundaries. As a result, economic conditions in Manhattan are important to the borough's jobseekers. Strong international immigration to Brooklyn generates jobs in services, retailing and construction.[10]


In recent years Brooklyn has benefited from a steady influx of financial back office operations from Manhattan, the rapid growth of a high-tech/entertainment economy in DUMBO, and strong growth in support services such as accounting, personal supply agencies and computer services firms.[10]


Jobs in the borough have traditionally been concentrated in manufacturing, but since 1975, Brooklyn has shifted from a manufacturing-based economy to a service-based economy. In 2004, 215,000 Brooklyn residents worked in the services sector, while 27,500 worked in manufacturing. Although manufacturing has declined, a substantial base has remained in apparel and niche manufacturing concerns such as furniture, fabricated metals, and food products.[11] The pharmaceutical company Pfizer has a manufacturing plant in Brooklyn that employs 990 workers. First established as a shipbuilding facility in 1801, the Brooklyn Navy Yard employed 70,000 people at is peak during World War II and was then the largest employer in the borough. The Missouri, the ship on which the Japanese formally surrendered, was built there, as was the iron-sided Civil War vessel the Monitor, and the Maine, whose sinking off Havana led to the start of the Spanish-American War. The Navy Yard is now a hub for industrial design firms, food processing businesses, and artisans, along with a growing film and television production industry. About 230 private-sector firms providing 4,000 jobs are at the Yard. Pfizer Incorporated (NYSE: PFE) is a major pharmaceutical company, which ranks number one in the world in sales[2]. The company is based in New York City. ... The New York Naval Shipyard (NYNSY), also known as the Brooklyn Navy Yard , the New York Navy Yard and United States Navy Yard, New York, is located 1. ... Radars: AN/SPS-49 Air Search Radar AN/SPS-67 Surface Search Radar Fire control: 4 × Mk 37 Gun Fire Control 2 × Mk 38 Gun Director 1 × Mk 40 Gun Director EW: AN/SLQ-32 Other: AN/SLQ-25 NIXIE Decoy System 8 × Super Rapid Bloom Rocket Launchers (SRBOC) Armor... USS Monitor was the first ironclad warship commissioned by the United States Navy. ... For other ships of the same name, see USS Maine. ...


Construction and services are the fastest growing sectors.[12] Most employers in Brooklyn are small businesses. In 2000, 91% of the approximately 38,704 business establishments in Brooklyn had fewer than 20 employees.[13]


The unemployment rate in Brooklyn in March 2006 was 5.9%.


Demographics

Brooklyn Compared
2000 Census Brooklyn NY City NY State
Total population 2,465,326 8,008,278 18,976,457
Population density 34,920/sq mi 26,403/sq mi 402/sq mi
Median household income (1999) $32,135 $38,293 $43,393
Per capita income $16,775 $22,402 $23,389
Bachelor's degree or higher 22% 27% 24%
Foreign born 38% 36% 20%
White 41% 45% 67%
Black 36% 27% 16%
Hispanic (any race) 20% 27% 15%
Asian-Jordan Hussey 8% 10% 6%
Brooklyn has been New York City's most populous borough since the mid-1920s. (Key: Each borough's historical population in millions. The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island)
Brooklyn has been New York City's most populous borough since the mid-1920s. (Key: Each borough's historical population in millions. The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island)

According to 2005 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, there are 2,486,235 people (up from 2.3 million in 1990), 880,727 households, and 583,922 families residing in Brooklyn.[14][15] The population density was 34,920/square mile (13,480/km²). There were 930,866 housing units at an average density of 13,180/square mile (5,090/km²). As of the census[1] of 2000, there are 2,465,326 people, 880,727 households, and 583,922 families residing in Brooklyn. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Image File history File links New_York_City_Demographics_05_500px_Julius_Schorzman. ... Image File history File links New_York_City_Demographics_05_500px_Julius_Schorzman. ...


In 2000, 41.20% of Brooklyn residents were white; 36.44% were black; 7.54% were Asian; 0.41% were Native American; 0.06% Pacific Islander; 10.05% were of other races; and 4.27% were from two or more races. People of Hispanic or Latino origin, who may be of any race, comprised 19.79% of the population. 18.00% of the population reported speaking Spanish at home, 5.95% Russian, 4.19% French or a French-based creole, 3.92% Chinese, 3.10% Yiddish, 2.10% Italian, 1.42% Polish, 1.13% Hebrew, 1.09% Punjabi and 0.68% Urdu.[16] It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... A French creole, more properly French-based creole language, is a creole language with substantial influence from the French language. ... Yiddish ( yidish or idish, literally: Jewish) is a non-territorial Germanic language, spoken throughout the world and written with the Hebrew alphabet. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ...


Of the 880,727 households in Brooklyn, 38.6% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living in them. Of all households 27.8% are made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.41.


In Brooklyn the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. Brooklyn has more women, with 88.4 males for every 100 females.


The median income for households in Brooklyn was $32,135, and the median income for a family was $36,188. Males had a median income of $34,317, which was higher than females, whose median income was $30,516. The per capita income was $16,775. About 22% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34% of those under age 18 and 21.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Brooklyn has long been a magnet for immigrants, and has become New York City's most populous borough.[citation needed] It presently has substantial populations from many countries, including Poland, Italy, China, Jamaica, Haiti, Trinidad, Guyana, Grenada, Barbados, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Russia. The borough also attracts people previously residing in the United States. Of these, most come from Chicago, San Francisco, Washington DC/Baltimore, Boston, and Seattle.[17][18] San Francisco redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... Boston redirects here. ... Seattle redirects here. ...


Culture

See also: Culture of New York City
The Brooklyn Museum is one of New York's premier art museums.
The Brooklyn Museum is one of New York's premier art museums.

Brooklyn has played a major role in American letters. Walt Whitman wrote of the Brooklyn waterfront in his classic poem Crossing Brooklyn Ferry. Harlem Renaissance playwright Eulalie Spence taught at Eastern District High School in Brooklyn from 1927-1938, a time during which she wrote her critically acclaimed plays Fool's Errand, and Her. In 1930, poet Hart Crane published the epic poem The Bridge, where the Brooklyn Bridge is both the poem’s central symbol and its poetic starting point. Betty Smith's 1943 book A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, and the 1945 film based on it, are among the best-known early works about life in Brooklyn. William Styron's novel Sophie's Choice is set in Flatbush, just off Prospect Park, during the summer of 1947. Arthur Miller's 1955 play A View From the Bridge is set in Brooklyn. Paule Marshall's 1959 novel, Brown Girl, Brownstones, about Barbadian immigrants during the Depression and World War II is also set in Brooklyn. More recently, Brooklyn-born author Jonathan Lethem has written several books about growing up in the borough, including Motherless Brooklyn and The Fortress of Solitude. The neighborhood of Park Slope is home to many contemporary writers, including Jonathan Safran Foer, Jhumpa Lahiri, Jonathan Franzen, Rick Moody, Jennifer Egan, Kathryn Harrison, Paul Auster, Franco Ambriz, Nicole Krauss, Colson Whitehead, Darin Strauss, Siri Hustvedt and Suketu Mehta, among others. So many writers live in the area that Brooklyn-based band One Ring Zero released an album with lyrics written mainly by Brooklyn-based writers. The Discovery Kids show Time Warp Trio is also set in Brooklyn. Graffiti and street art emerged in New York as part of the Zoo York subculture in the 1970s. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1712x2288, 773 KB)The Burghers of Calais - Brooklyn Museum This picture is taken from hebrew wikipedia under the licence there. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1712x2288, 773 KB)The Burghers of Calais - Brooklyn Museum This picture is taken from hebrew wikipedia under the licence there. ... The Brooklyn Museum, located at 200 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York, is the second largest art museum in New York City, and one of the largest in the United States. ... Walter Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist. ... The Harlem Renaissance was named after the anthology The New Negro, edited by Alain Locke in 1925. ... Eulalie Spence (June 11, 1894 - March 7, 1981) was a black, female writer, teacher, actress and playwright from the British West Indies during the Harlem Renaissance. ... Harold Hart Crane (July 21, 1899 – April 27, 1932) was an American poet. ... The Bridge, first published in 1930, was Hart Cranes first, and only, attempt at an American long poem. ... For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... A Tree Grows In Brooklyn is a novel by Betty Smith first published in 1943. ... This article is about the 1945 film. ... For other uses, see Sophies Choice. ... A View from the Bridge is a play by Arthur Miller originally produced as a one-act verse drama on Broadway in 1955. ... Jonathan Allen Lethem (born February 19, 1964) is an American writer. ... Motherless Brooklyn is a Jonathan Lethem novel published in 1999. ... The Fortress of Solitude is a 2003 Jonathan Lethem novel set in Brooklyn, spanning the 1970s, 80s, and 90s. ... A typical Park Slope block in spring. ... Jonathan Safran Foer This American author is not to be confused with the Australian media personality John Safran. ... Jhumpa Lahiri Vourvoulias (born Nilanjana Sudeshna in 1967) (Bengali: ঝুম্পা লাহিড়ী Jhumpa LahiÅ—i) is a contemporary Indian American author based in New York City. ... Jonathan Franzen (born August 17, 1959) is an award-winning American novelist and essayist. ... Rick Moody (born Hiram Frederick Moody III October 18, 1961 in New York City), is an American novelist and short story writer best known for The Ice Storm (1994), a chronicle of the dissolution of two suburban Connecticut families over Thanksgiving weekend in 1973. ... Jennifer Egan was born in Chicago and raised in San Francisco. ... Kathryn Harrison was born in 1961 in Los Angeles, and was raised by her grandparents. ... Paul Auster Paul Benjamin Auster (born February 3, 1947, Newark, New Jersey) is a Brooklyn-based author. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nicole Krauss is an American writer who lives in the Park Slope neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, with her husband, novelist Jonathan Safran Foer, and their dog, George. ... Colson Whitehead (full name Arch Colson Chipp Whitehead) is a New York-based novelist, born in 1969. ... Darin Strauss Darin Strauss (born March 1, 1970) is an American writer based in Brooklyn, NY. Both of his novels were The New York Times Notable Books; Strauss is a 2006 recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship, and he currently resides in Brooklyn, New York. ... Siri Hustvedt is a writer, born February 19th 1955 in Northfield, Minnesota, United States. ... Suketu Mehta is a novelist and journalist based in New York City. ... One Ring Zero is a modern music group that melds many genres and sounds to create a unique type of music and is based in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... This article is about the Time Warp Trio television series. ...


The borough has had a part in theater and film as well. Lynn Nottage's play Crumbs from the Table of Joy is set in post-World War II Brooklyn and deals with the hopes and frustrations of an African American family recently arrived from Florida. The John Travolta movie Saturday Night Fever was set in Bay Ridge, an Italian neighborhood in south Brooklyn. Neil Simon's 1983 play "Brighton Beach Memoirs" is set in 1937 Brooklyn. In the late 1980s Brooklyn achieved a new cultural prominence with the films of Spike Lee, whose She's Gotta Have It and Do The Right Thing were shot in Brooklyn neighborhoods. In 2001 Christoph Weinert, German filmmaker, shot his famous documentary „With Allah in Brooklyn“. A film about the African American community in the neighborhood of Bedford-Stuyvesant, produced only few weeks after September 11, 2001 attacks by Franco-German TV network (Arte). The 2005 film The Squid and the Whale, by Noah Baumbach, the son of novelist Jonathan Baumbach and Village Voice film critic Georgia Brown, examined the family life of the Park Slope intelligentsia. Lynn Nottage (1964-) is a respected American playwright whose work often deals with the lives of African Americans and women. ... Saturday Night Fever is a 1977 movie starring John Travolta as Tony Manero, a troubled Brooklyn youth whose weekend activities are dominated by visits to a Brooklyn discotheque. ... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ... Shes Gotta Have It is a 1986 comedy-drama film written and directed by Spike Lee. ... This article is about the 1989 film. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... For other uses, see Community (disambiguation). ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... Bedford Stuyvesant (aka Bed-Stuy) is a neighborhood in central Brooklyn, New York City. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... The Arte building in Strasbourg Arte (Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne) is a Franco-German TV network, which aims to promote quality programming related to the world of arts and culture. ... The Squid and the Whale is a 2005 drama film written and directed by Noah Baumbach. ... Noah Baumbach (born September 3, 1969, in Brooklyn, New York) is an American independent film writer and director. ...


The Brooklyn Museum, opened in 1897, is among the world's premier art institutions with a permanent collection that includes more than 1.5 million objects, from ancient Egyptian masterpieces to contemporary art. The Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM), a complex including the 2,109-seat Howard Gilman Opera House, the 874-seat Harvey Lichtenstein Theater, and the art house BAM Rose Cinemas are notable venues. BAM is recognized internationally as a progressive cultural center well known for The Next Wave Festival, which began in 1983. Artists who have presented their works there include Philip Glass, Peter Brook, Laurie Anderson, Lee Breuer, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Steve Reich, Robert Wilson, Ingmar Bergman, The Whirling Dervishes and the Kirov Opera directed and conducted by Valery Gergiev among others. Founded in 1863, the Brooklyn Historical Society (BHS) is a museum, library, and educational center dedicated to preserving and encouraging the study of Brooklyn's rich 400-year past, while reflecting upon the future of the culturally rich borough. BHS houses a treasure trove of materials relating to the founding of the U.S. and the history of Brooklyn and its people. The BRIC Rotunda Gallery, founded in 1981, is the oldest not-for-profit gallery dedicated to presenting contemporary art work by artists who are from, live, or work in the borough. The Gallery, located in Brooklyn Heights, presents contemporary art of all media, public events and an innovative arts education program. The Gallery's aim is to increase the visibility and accessibility of contemporary art while bridging the gap between the art world and global culture in Brooklyn and the world beyond. BRIC Rotunda Gallery is the visual arts program of BRIC Arts|Media|Bklyn, a multi-disciplinary arts and media non-profit, dedicated to presenting visual, performing and media arts programs that are reflective of Brooklyn's diverse communities and to supporting the creative process. The Brooklyn Museum, located at 200 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York, is the second largest art museum in New York City, and one of the largest in the United States. ... Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM) is a major performing arts venue in Brooklyn, a borough of New York City, known as a center for progressive and avant garde performance. ... Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is a three-times Academy Award-nominated American composer. ... For the British politician, see Peter Brooke. ... For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ... Lee Breuer is one of the founding members and current Artistic Directors of the Avant-Guarde theatre company Mabou Mines(in New York City). ... This article is about the Pakistani musician. ... Stephen Michael Reich (born October 3, 1936) is an American composer. ... Robert Wilson (born 4 October 1941) is an internationally acclaimed American avant-garde stage director and playwright who has been called [America]s — or even the worlds — foremost vanguard theater artist [1]. Over the course of his wide-ranging career, he has also worked as a choreographer, performer, painter...   (IPA: in Swedish; usually IPA: in English) (July 14, 1918 – July 30, 2007) was a Swedish film, stage, and opera director. ... The Mevlevi Order or the Mevleviye are a Sufi order founded by the followers of the Persian Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi in 1273 in Konya present day Turkey; also known as The Whirling Dervishes due to their famous practice of whirling as a form of dhikr (remeberence of Allah... The Mariinsky Theatre, known as the Kirov Opera and Ballet Theatre in 1934-92, is a historic theatre of opera and ballet in St Petersburg. ... Valery Gergiev Valery Abisalovich Gergiev, Russian: Вале́рий Абиса́лович Ге́ргиев (born 1953) is a Russian conductor and opera company director. ... Founded in 1863, the Brooklyn Historical Society (BHS) is a museum, library, and educational center dedicated to preserving and encouraging the study of Brooklyns rich 400-year past, while reflecting upon the future of our culturally rich borough. ...


Brooklyn contains the most of every group from every culture, ethnic, and racial background. The majority of the people of African descent is of Caribbean origin. Much of Brooklyn's distinct culture can be reflected on the cultures that these immigrants bring with them. A portion of Utica Avenue was historically named Malcolm X Boulevard because of his achievements as both a nationalist, and a separatist. To this day Malcolm X remains the most important figure to many of the people in that community. Lenox Avenue / Malcolm X Boulevard is the primary north-south route through Harlem in the upper portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ...


Brooklyn is home to one of the most vibrant Jewish communities outside of Israel - one reason for the 2007 signed partnership[19] with Leopoldstadt, a district of Vienna, Austria (a main Jewish centre of Central Europe for centuries, and despite the Holocaust even today). Some estimates have the Jewish population in Brooklyn at as high as three-quarters of a million, with many living in Borough Park, Williamsburg, Flatbush, Gravesend, Crown Heights, and other sections of Brooklyn. Much of the Jewish community, most notably the Hasidic and Hareidi Jews, are fluent in Yiddish and often use it as their first language. Moreover, many Orthodox Jews have very large families, so the Jewish community is experiencing tremendous growth. Haidgasse in Leopoldstadt The Volksprater amusement park in the Wiener Prater The Hauptallee in the Prater Leopoldstadt (Leopold-Town) is Viennas second district. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ...

Variously called the "City of Trees," "City of Homes," or the "City of Churches" in the 19th century, Brooklyn is now often styled the "Borough of Homes and Churches". Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ...


As a promotional gesture by the current borough administration, distinctive traffic signs are posted along major traffic arteries at Brooklyn’s border crossings. They incorporate colorful expressions associated with Brooklyn, including: "Fugheddaboudit," "Oy vey!," and "How Sweet It Is." One sign identifies the borough as: "Home to Everyone From Everywhere!" Look up oy vey in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Brooklyn and Red Hook feature in Arthur Miller's play "A View From The Bridge" which is a tragedy set in 1940-50s New York about an Italian American Family.


Media

See also: Media of New York City

Brooklyn has several local newspapers: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Bay Currents(Oceanfront Brooklyn), Brooklyn View the Brooklyn Paper and Courier-Life Publications. Courier-Life Publications, owned by Rupert Murdoch's New Corp. is considered to be Brooklyn's largest chain of newspapers. The Brooklyn Rail is a glossy monthly magazine emphasizing arts and literary criticism and winner of the Utne Independent Press Award in 2002 and 2003 for Best Local/Regional Coverage. Brooklyn is also served by the major New York dailies, including The New York Times, The New York Daily News, and The New York Post. HelloBrooklyn.com is Brooklyn's largest portal with more than 10,000 links.[20] The media of New York City is internationally influential, with some of the most important newspapers, largest publishing houses, most prolific television studios, and biggest record companies in the world. ... The Brooklyn Eagle, also called The Brooklyn Daily Eagle was a daily newspaper published in Brooklyn, New York from 1841 to 1955. ... Bay Currents is a local Brooklyn newspaper which specifically focuses on Southern Brooklyn and the Coney Island area. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The New York Post is the 13th-oldest newspaper published in the United States and the oldest to have been published continually as a daily. ...


Brooklyn has a thriving ethnic press. Major ethnic publications include the Brooklyn-Queens Catholic paper The Tablet, "Hamodia" an orthodox Jewish daily, as well as several Haitian newspapers including The Haitian Times, Haiti Observateur, and Haiti Progress. Many nationally-distributed ethnic newspapers are based out of offices in Brooklyn. Over 60 ethnic groups, writing in 42 languages, publish some 300 non-English language magazines and newspapers in New York City. Hamodia (Hebrew המודיע, meaning the announcer) is a Hebrew language daily newspaper, published in Israel. ...


Brooklyn's accent is often portrayed as 'typical New York' in American television and film.


The City of New York also has an official television station, run by the NYC Media Group, which features programming based in Brooklyn. There is also Brooklyn Cable Access Television, the borough's public access channel. NYC Media Group is a newly formed entity responsible for managing and programming the City of New York’s media assets, as of 2004. ... Look up public access television in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Tourism

See also: Tourism in New York City
The rose garden at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden.

Southern Brooklyn was once the premier resort destination for New York City. Coney Island developed as a playground for the rich in the early 1900s, when wealthy New Yorkers would bet on horses at the Gravesend or Sheepshead Bay Race Track and dined at high-class restaurants and seaside hotels. No trip to Sheepshead Bay would be complete without a stop at the docks and then dinner at Lundy's Restaurant. The introduction of the subway made Coney Island a vacation destination for the masses, and it evolved into one of America's first amusement grounds. The Cyclone rollercoaster, built in 1927, is on the National Register of Historic Places. The 1920 Wonder Wheel and other rides are still operational at Astroland. Coney Island went into decline in the 1970s, but is undergoing a renaissance. The annual Coney Island Mermaid Parade is a hipster costume-and-float parade which honored David Byrne, pre-punk music guru, as the head merman in 1998. Coney Island also hosts the annual Nathan's Hot Dog Eating Contest. I Love New York logo, by Milton Glaser. ... Cranford Rose garden, Brooklyn Botanical Gardens, June 2003,© 2003, by Wikipedia user:alex756, all rights reserved; the license granted herein is to Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. ... Cranford Rose garden, Brooklyn Botanical Gardens, June 2003,© 2003, by Wikipedia user:alex756, all rights reserved; the license granted herein is to Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. ... The Cranford Rose Garden in Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York City The Brooklyn Botanic Garden (BCG) is a botanical garden located next to Prospect Park near Grand Army Plaza in Brooklyn, New York, USA. Founded in 1910, the 52 acre (210,000 m²) garden includes a cherry tree esplanade, a... For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ... The Picket winning the 1904 Brooklyn Handicap at Gravesend Race Track Gravesend Race Track at Gravesend on Coney Island, New York was a Thoroughbred horse racing facility built in 1887 by the Brooklyn Jockey Club as a result of the backing of the wealthy racing stable owners, the Dwyer Brothers. ... Sheepshead Bay Race Track was an American Thoroughbred horse racing facility at Coney Island, New York. ... Lundys Restaurant, also known as Lundy Brothers Restaurant, was a historic American seafood restaurant in the Sheepshead Bay neighborhood of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Astroland Astroland is a 3. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... David Byrne (born May 14, 1952 in Dumbarton, Scotland) is a Grammy Award, Academy Award and Golden Globe winning musician best known as a founding member and the principal songwriter of the New Wave band Talking Heads. ... Nathans Wall of Fame of contest winners. ...


Green-Wood Cemetery, founded by the social reformer Henry Evelyn Pierrepoint in 1838, is both one of the most significant cemeteries in the United States and an expansive green space encompassing 478 acres (1.9 km²) of rolling hills and dales, several ponds, and a baroque chapel. Still in use, the cemetery is the burial ground of some of the most famous New Yorkers, including Albert Anastasia (1903-1957), mobster, "Lord High Executioner" for "Murder Inc."; Jean-Michel Basquiat (1960-1988), artist; Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990), composer; Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829-1869), New Orleans-born pianist and composer; Laura Jean Libbey (1862-1924), best-selling "dime-store" novelist; Samuel F.B. Morse (1791-1872), inventor of the telegraph; Edward R. Murrow (1908-1965), journalist; Martha Bulloch Roosevelt (1834-1884), mother of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt; Margaret Sanger (1879-1966), birth control advocate; F.A.O. Schwarz (1836-1911), toy store founder; William M. "Boss" Tweed (1823-1878), notorious boss of the New York political machine and actor Frank Morgan ( 1890-1949 ) best known for his portrayal of the title character in the film The Wizard of Oz. Green-Wood Cemetery was founded in 1838 as a rural cemetery in Kings County, New York, now in Brooklyn. ... Albert Anastasia (born Umberto Anastasio) (September 26, 1902 – October 25, 1957), aka the Mad Hatter and Lord High Executioner, was a New York Cosa Nostra boss remembered for his brutality and his role in running the contract killing gang known as Murder, Inc. ... Jean-Michel Basquiat (pronounced in French) (December 22, 1960, Brooklyn - August 12, 1988, New York, New York) was an American artist. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Louis Moreau Gottschalk pictured on a 1864 Publication of The Dying Poet for piano Louis Moreau Gottschalk (May 8, 1829 – December 18, 1869) was an American composer and pianist, best known as a virtuoso performer of his own romantic piano pieces. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Laura Jean Libbey, born March 22, 1862 - died October 25, 1924, was an American writer. ... Portrait of Samuel F. B. Morse by Mathew Brady, between 1855 and 1865 Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American inventor, and painter of portraits and historic scenes; he is most famous for inventing the electric telegraph and Morse code. ... Edward R. Ed Murrow (April 25, 1908 – April 27, 1965) was an American journalist and media figure. ... Martha Bulloch age 22 Martha Bulloch Roosevelt (July 8, 1835 - February 14, 1884) was the mother of US President Theodore Roosevelt and the paternal grandmother of Eleanor Roosevelt. ... Margaret Higgins Sanger (September 14, 1879 – September 6, 1966) was an American birth control activist, an advocate of negative eugenics, and the founder of the American Birth Control League (which eventually became Planned Parenthood). ... F.A.O. Schwarz is the name of a toy store chain founded in New York, New York in 1870 by German immigrant, Frederick August Otto Schwarz. ... 1869 Tobacco label featuring Boss Tweed. ...


The New York Transit Museum is a museum which displays historical artifacts of the New York City Subway and bus systems; it is located in the unused Court Street subway station in Brooklyn Heights. The Brooklyn Children's Museum was the world's first museum for children and has many exhibits on culture and zoology. The 52 acre (210,000 m²) Brooklyn Botanic Garden includes a cherry tree esplanade, a one acre (4,000 m²) rose garden, a Japanese hill and pond garden, a fragrance garden for the blind, a water lily pond esplanade, several conservatories, a rock garden, a native flora garden, a bonsai tree collection, and children's gardens and discovery exhibits. The New York Transit Museum is a museum located in an unused New York City Subway station in Brooklyn (Court Street) which displays historical artifacts of the New York Subway and bus systems. ... The Brooklyn Childrens Museum is a general purpose museum in Crown Heights, Brooklyn. ... The Cranford Rose Garden in Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York City The Brooklyn Botanic Garden (BCG) is a botanical garden located next to Prospect Park near Grand Army Plaza in Brooklyn, New York, USA. Founded in 1910, the 52 acre (210,000 m²) garden includes a cherry tree esplanade, a...


Sports

Main article: Sports in Brooklyn

Brooklyn has a storied sports history. It has been home to many famous sports figures such as Michael Jordan, Vince Lombardi, Joe Paterno, Mike Tyson, Joe Pepitone, Joe Torre, Larry Brown, Vitas Gerulaitis, Herbie Kronowitz, Paul Lo Duca, John Franco, Stephon Marbury, John Halama, and Rico Petrocelli. Parks throughout the borough such as Prospect Park, Marine Park, and the community sports complex at Floyd Bennett Field provide residents an opportunity to practice and hone their sports skills and talents. Brooklyn has a storied sports history and has been a breeding place for many famous sports figures such as Joe Paterno (The Pennsylvania State University), Joe Torre (MLB), Larry Brown (NBA), Mike Tyson (boxing), Paul Lo Duca (MLB), and Vince Lombardi (NFL). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1344 × 1008 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) KeySpan Park, Brooklyn, New York on June 25, 2001, just before the first-ever home game for the minor league Brooklyn Cyclones. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1344 × 1008 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) KeySpan Park, Brooklyn, New York on June 25, 2001, just before the first-ever home game for the minor league Brooklyn Cyclones. ... KeySpan Park is a minor league baseball stadium in the Coney Island section of Brooklyn, New York City. ... For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Michael Jordan, see Michael Jordan (disambiguation). ... Vincent Thomas Lombardi (June 11, 1913 – September 3, 1970) was an American football coach. ... Joseph Vincent Paterno (born December 21, 1926, in Brooklyn, New York), nicknamed JoePa, is the head coach of Pennsylvania State Universitys college football team, a position he has held since 1966. ... Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966) is a former two-time American world heavyweight boxing champion and is the youngest man to have won a world heavyweight title. ... Joseph Anthony Pepitone (born October 9, 1940 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former Major League Baseball first baseman and outfielder for the New York Yankees (1962-1969), Houston Astros (1970), Chicago Cubs (1970-1973) and the Atlanta Braves (1973). ... Joseph Paul Torre (born July 18, 1940 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former Major League Baseball player and the current manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers. ... Larry Brown For other people of the same name, see Larry Brown (disambiguation). ... Vytautas Kevin Gerulaitis (July 26, 1954 – September 18, 1994) was a professional tennis player from the United States. ... Herbert Herbie Kronowitz, originally Theodore Ted Kronowitz (born ca. ... Paul Anthony Lo Duca(born 4/12/72 Brooklyn,NY) is a catcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the New York Mets. ... John Anthony Franco (b. ... Stephon Xavier Marbury (born February 20, 1977 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American professional basketball player, currently playing point guard with the New York Knicks. ... John Thadeuz Halama (born February 22, 1972 in Brooklyn, New York) is a Major League Baseball pitcher who plays in the Washington Nationals baseball organization. ... Americo Peter Rico Petrocelli (born June 27, 1943 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former Major League Baseball shortstop and third baseman who played his entire career in the American League for the Boston Red Sox (1963-1976). ... Prospect Park is a 585[1] acre (2. ... General Information Marine Park . ... 1998 map of Floyd Bennett Field from the National Park Service. ...


Brooklyn's most famous team, the Brooklyn Dodgers, (nicknamed "The Bums") played at Ebbets Field and was named for "trolley dodgers," a reference to the many streetcar lines that once criss-crossed the borough.[21] The Dodgers most historic achievement came in 1947 when Jackie Robinson took the field in a Dodgers uniform, becoming the first African American player in Major League Baseball in the modern era. In 1955, the Dodgers, perennial National League pennant winners, won the first and only World Series for Brooklyn against their rival New York Yankees. The event was marked by mass euphoria and celebrations all over Brooklyn. Just two years later, the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles, causing a widespread sense of betrayal. Walter O'Malley, the team's owner at the time, is still vilified by many Brooklynites for his decision, even those too young to remember the Dodgers as Brooklyn's ball club. Several more recent attempts to return the Dodgers to their historic home have not borne fruit as of yet. The Brooklyn Dodgers were a Major League Baseball team that played from 1890-1957. ... Ebbets Field was a Major League Baseball park located in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, New York. ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Walter Francis OMalley (October 9, 1903 – August 9, 1979) was an American sports executive who owned the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers team in Major League Baseball from 1950 to 1979. ...


After a 43-year hiatus, however, professional baseball returned to the borough in 2001 in the form of the Brooklyn Cyclones, a minor league team in the New York-Penn League that plays in Keyspan Park in Coney Island. They are the short-season Single-A level affiliate of the New York Mets. Class-Level A Minor League affiliations New York - Penn League McNamara Division Major League affiliations New York Mets Name St. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... The New York - Penn League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the northeastern United States. ... KeySpan Park is a minor league baseball stadium in the Coney Island section of Brooklyn, New York City. ... For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42, Shea Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964-present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league titles World...


Developer Bruce Ratner announced in 2004 that he had purchased the New Jersey Nets basketball team. He hopes to move the Nets to a proposed 20,000-seat Brooklyn Nets Arena as part of a controversial housing and office development. Bruce Ratner (born January 23, 1945 in Cleveland, Ohio) is president and CEO of Forest City Enterprises, New York Citys most active real estate developer during the 1990s. ... The New Jersey Nets are a professional basketball team. ... The Brooklyn Nets Arena is a proposed sports arena to be built partly on a platform over the Metropolitan Transportation Authority-owned Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ...


Minor league soccer arrived in Brooklyn when the Brooklyn Knights relocated from their previous home in Queens to a the new Aviator Field complex, which includes a 2,000-seat soccer-specific stadium. The team plays in the USL Premier Development League, at the fourth level of US soccer. The Brooklyn Knights are a Premier Development League club based in Brooklyn, New York. ... Aviator Sports and Recreation [1] is a concession for the National Park Service[[2]] operating in New York City’s historic first municipal airport, Floyd Bennett Field, which opened its hangars in 1931 and was decommissioned in 1972. ... Columbus Crew Stadium opened in 1999 as the first of a growing number of American stadiums built for soccer Soccer-specific stadium (SSS) is a term used mainly in the United States and Canada. ... The USL Premier Development League (PDL) is the amateur league of the United Soccer Leagues in the United States and Canada, forming part of the American Soccer Pyramid. ...


One of the most popular skateboard spots, called the Brooklyn Banks, is actually located in Manhattan under the Brooklyn Bridge. Many skaters have included the banks in skateboard videos. There is also a skateboard company based out of Brooklyn called 5boro. It is co-owned by Mark Nardelli and Steve Rodriguez.


Transportation

See also: Transportation in New York City
A Brooklyn-bound train on BMT Canarsie Line (L)
A Brooklyn-bound train on BMT Canarsie Line (L)

Brooklyn's transportation infrastructure provides the means to efficiently move goods and people throughout the borough. The transportation system of New York City is an unparalleled cooperation of unique, complex, and grandiose systems of infrastructure. ... Image File history File linksMetadata R143Int. ... Image File history File linksMetadata R143Int. ... Services that use the BMT Canarsie Line through Manhattan have been colored gray since 1979. ... Eighth Avenue to Rockaway Parkway The L 14th Street–Canarsie Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line at all times. ...


Brooklyn is well served by public transit. Because 18 New York City Subway lines, including the Franklin Avenue Shuttle, traverse the borough, it is not surprising that 92.8% of Brooklyn residents traveling to Manhattan use the subway. Major stations include, Atlantic Avenue-Pacific Street, Broadway Junction, DeKalb Avenue, Jay Street-Borough Hall, and Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue.[22] Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority , an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit. ... Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, the BMT Brighton Line and the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. ... Broadway Junction is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the BMT Canarsie Line, the BMT Jamaica Line, and the IND Fulton Street Line. ... The following New York City Subway stations are named DeKalb Avenue: DeKalb Avenue (BMT Fourth Avenue Line), also serving the BMT Brighton Line, in Downtown Brooklyn DeKalb Avenue (BMT Canarsie Line) in Bushwick Category: ... Jay Street–Borough Hall is a rapid transit station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway;[2] two tracks of the IND Culver Line also serve it. ... The track configuration around Stillwell Avenue Stillwell Avenue station from the Q tracks Stillwell Avenue station, also known as Coney Island Terminal or Stillwell Avenue-Coney Island station, at Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City, is the worlds largest single rapid transit terminal facility and notable as the most...


The public bus network covers the entire borough. There is daily express bus service into Manhattan. New York's famous yellow cabs also provide transportation in Brooklyn, although they are less numerous in Brooklyn than in Manhattan. There are three commuter rail stations in Brooklyn, including East New York station, Nostrand Avenue station, and Atlantic Terminal, the terminus station of the Atlantic Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. Atlantic Terminal is a major intermodal transit hub with several connecting subway lines. East New York is a station on the Long Island Rail Roads Atlantic Branch. ... Nostrand Avenue is an elevated station on the Long Island Rail Roads Atlantic Branch in Brooklyn. ... Flatbush Avenue, also called the Atlantic Terminal, is the westernmost stop on the Long Island Rail Roads Atlantic Branch. ... The Atlantic Branch is an electrified rail line owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. ... LIRR redirects here. ...


The grand majority of limited-access expressways and parkways are located in the western and southern sections of Brooklyn. These include, the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, the Gowanus Expressway, which is part of the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, the Prospect Expressway, New York State Route 27, the Belt Parkway, and the Jackie Robinson Parkway. Major thoroughfares include, Atlantic Avenue, 4th Avenue, 86th Street, Kings Highway, Bay Parkway, Ocean Parkway, Eastern Parkway, Linden Boulevard, McGuiness Boulevard, Flatbush Avenue, Pennsylvania Avenue, and Bedford Avenue. On the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (I-278). ... The original Gowanus Expressway in 1954, before widening. ... The Prospect Expressway is a short sunken highway that runs through Park Slope and Windsor Terrace between the Gowanus Expressway and the beginning of Ocean Parkway in Brooklyn, New York. ... New York State Route 27 is a highway extending from Brooklyn to New York States eastern most point at Montauk Point State Park. ... The Belt Parkway, or Belt System or Circumferential Parkway is a series of New York City limited-access highways that form a complete circle around the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens. ... The Jackie Robinson Parkway formerly known as the Interborough Parkway, serves as a link between the Kew Gardens (Grand Central Parkway-Van Wyck Expressway) interchange in central Queens and Pennsylvania Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. ... Atlantic Avenue is a street in the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens in New York City. ... A view of Kings Highway from the East 16th street intersection Kings Highway is a Business Improvement District that runs through Brooklyn of New York City. ... Ocean Parkway is a broad boulevard and associated neighborhood in the west central portion of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Eastern Parkway is a street that runs through a portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... Linden Boulevard in East New York, Brooklyn Linden Boulevard is a boulevard in New York City. ... Flatbush Avenue is Brooklyns signature Avenue. ... Pennsylvania Avenue street sign, 2004. ... Bedford Avenue is the longest[1] street in Brooklyn, New York, stretching 10. ...


Brooklyn is extensively connected to Manhattan by three bridges, the Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Williamsburg bridges, and a tunnel, the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel. The Verrazano Narrows Bridge links Brooklyn with the more suburban borough of Staten Island. Though its border is mostly made up of land, Brooklyn shares three water crossings with Queens, the Kosciuszko Bridge (part of the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway), the Pulaski Bridge, and the JJ Byrne Memorial Bridge all carry traffic over Newtown Creek. For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... The Manhattan Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River in New York City, connecting Lower Manhattan (at Canal Street) with Brooklyn (at Flatbush Avenue Extension). ... The Williamsburg Bridge is a suspension bridge in New York City across the East River connecting the Lower East Side of Manhattan at Delancey Street with the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn on Long Island at Broadway near the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (Interstate 278). ... For the original subway tunnel to Brooklyn, sometimes called the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel in the early days[1], see Joralemon Street Tunnel. ... The Verrazano Narrows Bridge (properly written as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge) is a suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay with the larger lower bay. ... The Kosciuszko Bridge may refer to: Kosciuszko Bridge in New York City, or Kosciusko Bridge, near Albany, New York This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... On the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (I-278). ... Newtown Creek and its tributaries: Maspeth Creek, English Kills, and Dutch Kills Newtown Creek is a tributary of the East River, approximately 3. ...


Historically Brooklyn's waterfront was a major shipping port, especially at the Brooklyn Army Terminal in Sunset Park. Most container ship cargo operations have shifted to the New Jersey side of New York Harbor, while the city has recently built a new cruise ship terminal in Red Hook that is to become a focal point for New York's growing cruise industry. The Queen Mary 2, the world's largest ocean liner, was designed specifically to fit under the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the United States. The Queen Mary 2 makes regular ports of call at the Red Hook terminal on her transatlantic runs from Southampton, England. Brooklyn Army Terminal consists of large complex of piers, docks, warehouses, cranes, railroad sidings and cargo loading equipment. ... Sunset Park is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, originally known as South Brooklyn. ... I name the ship Queen Mary 2 --Queen Elizabeth II The Queen Mary 2 is a Cunard Line passenger ship named after the earlier Cunard liner Queen Mary, which was in turn named after Mary of Teck. ... Verrazano Bridge redirects here; for the bridge to Assateague Island, see Verrazano Bridge (Maryland). ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Education

See also: Education in New York City
Higgins Hall at the Pratt Institute.
Higgins Hall at the Pratt Institute.

Education in Brooklyn is provided by a vast number of public and private institutions. Public schools in the borough are managed by the New York City Department of Education, the largest public school system in the United States. Private schools range from the elite Berkeley Carroll School to religious schools run by Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn and Jewish organizations. Education in New York City is provided by a vast number of public and private institutions. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x620, 53 KB) Summary Higgins hall by steven holl Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x620, 53 KB) Summary Higgins hall by steven holl Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Pratt Institute is a specialized, private college in New York City with campuses in Manhattan and Brooklyn, as well as in Utica, New York. ... The Official Seal of the City of New York The New York City Department of Education is the branch of municipal government in New York City that manages the citys public school system. ... The Berkeley Carroll School is an independent, nonsectarian, coed day school, enrolling about 750 students from pre-kindergarten through high school. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn, which includes territory that was previously part of the (now) Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, was established as a separate diocese in 1853 when Brooklyn was a seperate city from New York City. ...


Brooklyn College is a senior college of the City University of New York, and was the first public co-ed liberal arts college in New York City. The College ranked in the top 10 nationally for the second consecutive year in Princeton Review’s 2006 guidebook, America’s Best Value Colleges. Many of its students are first and second generation immigrants. Emblematic of its students’ potential is Eugene Shenderov, the son of Russian immigrants who received a 2005 Rhodes Scholarship before graduating from the College's B.A.-M.D. program in June 2005. The Brooklyn College campus serves as home to the Brooklyn Center for the Performing Arts complex and its four theaters, including the George Gershwin. Brooklyn College is a senior college of the City University of New York, located in Brooklyn, New York. ... The City University of New York (CUNY; acronym pronounced ), is the public university system of New York City. ... A liberal arts college is an institution of higher education found in the United States, offering programs in the liberal arts at the post-secondary level. ... The Princeton Review (TPR) is a for-profit U.S. company that offers private instruction and tutoring for standardized achievement tests, in particular those offered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), such as the SAT, GRE, LSAT, GMAT, and MCAT. The company was founded in 1982 and is based in... Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker. ... The George Gershwin Theatre is a 500-seat proscenium theatre, one of four situated in the Brooklyn Center for the Performing Arts complex located on the campus of Brooklyn College at 2900 Campus Road in Brooklyn, New York. ...


Founded in 1970, Medgar Evers College is a senior college of the City University of New York, with a mission to develop and maintain high quality, professional, career-oriented undergraduate degree programs in the context of a liberal arts education. The College offers programs both at the baccalaureate and associate degree levels, as well as Adult and Continuing Education classes for Central Brooklyn residents, corporations, government agencies, and community organizations. Medgar Evers College borders Prospect Park in Brooklyn. Medgar Evers College (MEC) is a college campus (offering bachelors and associates degrees) of the City University of New York. ... The City University of New York (CUNY; acronym pronounced ), is the public university system of New York City. ... Prospect Park is A park in Brooklyn, New York In 19th century, when Brooklyn and Manhattan were separate cities; in response of Manhattans Central Park, Brooklynites hires the same architects in order to realize a Prospect Park. ...


The Satmar Jewish community of Brooklyn operates its own network of schools, which is the fourth largest school system in New York state.[23] Satmar (or Satmar Hasidism or Satmarer Hasidism) (חסידות סאטמאר) is a movement of Haredi Jews who initially adhered to the late Grand Rebbe Yoel Teitelbaum (1887-1979), Satmar Rebbe in the town of Szatmárnémeti (now Satu Mare, Romania), at that time in the Kingdom of Hungary. ...


Brooklyn Law School was founded in 1901 and is notable for its diverse student body. Women and African Americans were enrolled in 1909. According to the Leiter Report, a compendium of law school rankings published by Brian Leiter, Brooklyn Law School places 31st nationally for quality of students.[24] Brooklyn Law School Brooklyn Law School (BLS) is a law school located in downtown Brooklyn, New York. ... Brian Leiter (born 1963) is an American professor of law and philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin, where he has been teaching since 1995. ...


Kingsborough Community College is a junior college in the City University of New York system, located in Manhattan Beach. It was recently named one of the top ten community colleges in the United States by the New York Times. Kingsborough Community College Kingsborough Community College, part of the City University of New York (CUNY) system, is a junior college in Brooklyn, New York. ... The City University of New York (CUNY; acronym pronounced ), is the public university system of New York City. ... The waterfront of Manhattan Beach Manhattan Beach is a residential neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ...


SUNY Downstate Medical Center, originally founded as the Long Island College Hospital in 1860, is the oldest hospital-based medical school in the United States. The Medical Center comprises the College of Medicine, College of Health Related Professions, College of Nursing, University Hospital of Brooklyn, and the School of Graduate Studies, where Nobel Prize-winner Dr. Robert F. Furchgott is a member of the faculty. Half of the Medical Center's students are minorities or immigrants. The College of Medicine has the highest percentage of minority students of any medical school in New York State. The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, better known as SUNY Downstate Medical Center, is an academic medical center and is the only one of its kind in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Robert F. Furchgott (born June 4, 1916 in Charleston, South Carolina) is a Nobel Prize-winning American chemist. ...


Long Island University is a private university in Downtown Brooklyn with 6,417 undergraduate students. In Clinton Hill, the Pratt Institute is one of the leading art schools in the United States and offers programs in art, architecture, fashion design, design, creative writing, library science, and other area disciplines. Long Island University (LIU) is a private university located on Long Island in the U.S. state of New York. ... Pratt Institute is a specialized, private college in New York City with campuses in Manhattan and Brooklyn, as well as in Utica, New York. ...


As an independent system, separate from the New York City and Queens libraries, the Brooklyn Public Library[25] offers thousands of public programs, millions of books, and use of more than 850 free Internet-accessible computers. It also has books and periodicals in all the major languages spoken in Brooklyn, including Chinese, Russian, Spanish, Hebrew, and Haitian Kreyol, as well as French, Yiddish, Hindi, Bengali, Polish, Italian, and Arabic. The Central Library is a landmarked building facing Grand Army Plaza and is undergoing extensive renovations and an underground expansion. There are 58 library branches, placing one within a half mile of each Brooklyn resident. There's a significant business library in Brooklyn Heights. The Library is preparing to construct the new Visual and Performing Arts Library, which will focus on the link between new and emerging arts and technology and house traditional and digital collections. It will provide access and training to arts applications and technologies not widely available to the public. The collections will include the subjects of art, theater, dance, music, film, photography and architecture. A special archive will house the records and history of Brooklyn's arts communities. The Main Branch, Brooklyn Public Library, Grand Army Plaza, 2003 The Brooklyn Public Library (BPL), is the public library system of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... The Soldiers and Sailors Arch at Grand Army Plaza Grand Army Plaza in Brooklyn, New York forms the main entrance to Prospect Park. ...


See also

New York Portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Portal. ... The following people were all born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Brooklyn, New York. ...

References

  1. ^ Kings County, New York, United States Census Bureau, December 30, 2006
  2. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000", United States Census Bureau, accessed May 11, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c Ellis, Edward Robb (1966). The Epic of New York City. Old Town Books, p. 53. 
  4. ^ http://www.thebrooklynrail.org/local/winter03/billionsforbrooklyn.html Billions for Brooklyn—No Questions Asked: The Borough’s New Power Brokers by David Vine Winter 2003], accessed October 10, 2007
  5. ^ Cornell Law School Supreme Court Collection: Board of Estimate of City of New York v. Morris, accessed June 12, 2006
  6. ^ "'Black seat' threatened by Yassky’s congressional run, big money support." 1 June 2006.[1]
  7. ^ Anthony Weiner neighborhoods, accessed April 15, 2007.
  8. ^ The webpage cannot be found, accessed October 10, 2007
  9. ^ Borough of Brooklyn.blue and gold.
  10. ^ a b c New York State Department of Labor Brooklyn Report, April 2006. [2]
  11. ^ New York City Economic Development Corporation, Brooklyn Borough Update March 2004.[3]
  12. ^ New York State Dept of Labor [4]
  13. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 County Business Patterns. [5]
  14. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, "Residential Population and Components of Change New York State and Counties, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005." Retrieved on 2006-08-04.[6]
  16. ^ MLA Data Center - Kings County, New York Retrieved 4 November 2006.
  17. ^ Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation. Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy Report, 2002.http://www.bedc.org/statistics/domestic_migration.htm
  18. ^ Muhammad, Nisa Islam. "D.C. ‘exodus’ sparks district renewal efforts for Whites", The Final Call, June 21, 2007. Accessed June 25, 2007.
  19. ^ Partnership with Leopoldstadt (Vienna, Austria): scroll down to New York City, then proceed to Brooklyn on the list of sister cities in New York.
  20. ^ Brooklyn Events at a Glance, accessed October 10, 2007
  21. ^ Ebbets Field, Accessed October 10, 2007
  22. ^ Convissor, DanielDOT Sees More Highways As Brooklyn's Road to Clean Air, Auto-Free Press, January/February 1992. Retrieved 4 November 2006.
  23. ^ Rabbi Moses Teitelbaum Is Dead at 91, Accessed October 10, 2007
  24. ^ Leiter's Law School Rankings
  25. ^ http://www.brooklynpubliclibrary.org

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External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Brooklyn.
  • Brooklyn is at coordinates 40°37′29″N 73°57′08″W / 40.624637, -73.952236 (Brooklyn)Coordinates: 40°37′29″N 73°57′08″W / 40.624637, -73.952236 (Brooklyn)
    • Hybrid satellite image/street map from WikiMapia
  • Brooklyn Neighborhood Names Google Maps mashup
  • Brooklyn Daily Eagle - Brooklyn timeline

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brooklyn (0 words)
Brooklyn, New York, cradle of tough guys and Nobel laureates, fourth largest city in the United States, proof of the power of marginality, and homeland of America's most creative diasporic culture.
First, add an "s" to the end of Garden like everyone else does; then cross the street from one candy store corner to the other; walk the long block past P.S. and Clara Barton High School; cross Washington Avenue; walk left for a bit and turn right into this extraordinary place.
Ask your father to stop the car on infrequent family forays down Flatbush Avenue toward the Manhattan Bridge and "the City." He won't: Junior's is for visitors from the City, crossing your path in their quest to recapture their own Brooklyns of old—no more retrievable at Junior's than, in the end, on the Internet.
Brooklyn Borough Hall (579 words)
Brooklyn Borough Hall, the original City Hall, is located on the north side of Joralemon Street, between Court and Adams streets.
Brooklyn Borough Hall was originally built as Brooklyn's City Hall and contained the offices of the Mayor and the City Council as well as a court room and a jail.
Brooklyn Borough Hall is one of the most significant government buildings in Brooklyn and the heart and soul of Brooklyn's Civic Center.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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