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Encyclopedia > Brooklands

Brooklands was a motor racing circuit built near Weybridge in Surrey, England. The brainchild of Hugh Locke-King, it was opened on June 17, 1907 and was the first custom-built banked motor race circuit in the world. It was the first ever oval style race track built for cars. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing, autosport or motorsport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... Map of Weybridge (from OpenStreetMap. ... Surrey is a county in southern England, part of the South East England region and one of the Home Counties. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Requirements of speed and spectator visibility led to the track being built as a 100ft wide, 2.75 miles long, banked oval. The banking was nearly 30 feet high in places. In addition to the oval, a bisecting "finishing straight" was built, increasing the track length to 3.25 miles, of which 1.25 miles was banked. Fair use of an image from: www. ... Fair use of an image from: www. ...

Due to the complications of laying tarmac on banking, and the expense of laying asphalt, the circuit was built using gravel and cement. This led in later years to a somewhat bumpy ride, as the surface settled over time.

Along the centre of the track ran a dotted black line, known as the Fifty Foot Line. By driving over the line, a driver could theoretically take the banked corners without having to use the steering wheel.

Eleven days after the circuit opened, it played host to the world's first 24 hour motor event, with Selwyn Edge leading three specially converted Napier cars around the circuit. Over three hundred red railroad lanterns were used to light the track during the night. Flares were used to mark the upper boundary of the track. Edge drove his car for the full duration, with the drivers of the other two cars taking the more familiar shift approach. Selwyn Francis Edge was an Australian race car driver who drove a Napier to win the 1902 Gordon Bennett Cup. ... General characteristics Layout W-block inline Cooling water-cooled Cylinders 12 Valve type poppet Displacement 1462 in³ (25 l) Rotation rate 2050 rpm Power 500 hp Power 370 kW Weight 858 lb (290 kg) The Lion was a 12-cylinder W-block inline aircraft engine built by Napier & Son starting...

Brooklands also became one of Britain's first airfields, which in 1908 saw the first flight of an English aircraft by an English pilot - Alliott Verdon-Roe. He subsequently set up the aircraft manufacturer Avro. In February 1912, Thomas Sopwith opened his Sopwith School of Flying at Brooklands. In June 1912, Sopwith and several others set up the Sopwith Aviation Company here although their main premises were at Kingston-upon-Thames. Later, Bleriot, Martinsyde and Vickers set up production at Brooklands. Many flying schools operated here before 1914 and the aerodrome was a major flying training centre between the wars too. 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sir Edwin Alliot Verdon Roe (April 26, 1877 - 1958) was a pioneer British pilot and aircraft manufacturer, and founder in 1910 of the Avro company. ... Avro 504K. Avro was a British aircraft manufacturer, well known for planes such as the Avro Lancaster which served in World War II. One of the worlds first aircraft builders, A.V.Roe and Company was established at Brownsfield Mills, Manchester, England by Alliot Verdon Roe and his brother... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Sir Thomas Octave Murdock Sopwith (January 18, 1888 - January 27, 1989) was a British aviation pioneer as well as a celebrated yachtsman. ... The Sopwith Aviation Company was a British aircraft company that designed and manufactured aeroplanes mainly for the British Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Air Service and later Royal Air Force in the First World War, most famously the Sopwith Camel. ... Kingston upon Thames is the principal settlement of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. ... Blériot may refer to: Louis Blériot, a French aviation pioneer Blériot Aéronautique, an aircraft manufacturer founded by Louis Blériot This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Vickers Armstrong (Aircraft) company logo Vickers, founded as the Vickers Company in 1828, was a British manufacturer, primarily of military equipment, traditionally based in Barrow-in-Furness. ...

Grand Prix motor racing was established at Brooklands in 1926 by Henry Segrave after his winning of the French Grand Prix in 1923 and the following year at the Spanish Grand Prix which raised interest in the sport in Britain. This first British Grand Prix was won by Louis Wagner and Robert Senechal driving a Delage 155B. Georges Boillot winning the 1912 French Grand Prix in Dieppe, France Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organized automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Portrait of Sir Henry Segrave (ca. ... The French Grand Prix is a Formula One race held as part of Fédération Internationale de lAutomobiles annual Formula One automobile racing championship season. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Spanish Grand Prix (Gran Premio de España) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain as part of the annual Formula One championship season. ...

In World War two, the site was again used for military aircraft production and was extensively camouflaged. Trees were also planted into the concrete of the circuit to help screen the Hawker and Vickers aircraft factories there. From 1944-72 Vickers (and later BAC) also used nearby Wisley aerodrome which offered a longer runway and less built-up surroundings. Wisley, England is a small village in Surrey, between Cobham and Ripley. ...

After the war, the circuit was in poor condition and was sold to Vickers-Armstrongs in 1946 for continued use as an aircraft factory. New aircraft types including the Viking, Varsity, Viscount, Vanguard and VC10 were next manufactured and delivered from there. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

In 1951, a section of the race track's Byfleet Banking was removed to allow Vickers Valiant V-bombers to be flown out to Wisley. 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... this article is about the jet powered bomber, for the biplane see Vickers 131 Valiant. ... The term V bomber was used for the Royal Air Force aircraft during the 1950s and 1960s that comprised the UKs strategic nuclear strike force. ...

The Vickers factory became part of the new British Aircraft Corporation in 1960 and went on to design and build the BAC TSR2, One-Eleven and Concorde. The factory contracted in size in the mid-1970s and finally closed in 1988-89. The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, was a British aircraft manufacturer, formed from the forced merger of the Bristol Aeroplane Company, English Electric, Vickers-Armstrong and Hunting Aircraft Company in 1959. ...

In 1987 the site also become home to the Brooklands Museum, which is dedicated to the site's motoring and aviation heritage.

The remaining sections of track were the subject of a preservation order in 2001, rendering illegal any subsequent destruction of the circuit. From 1990 to 2003 regular fly-ins, rallies attended by light aircraft, were arranged on summer weekends using the Northern half of the original runway. The central area of Brooklands including the hard runway and remaining racetrack was sold to DaimlerChrysler UK Retail in early 2004. A Mercedes-Benz museum and performance demonstration centre (Mercedes-Benz World) is now under construction in front of the remaining banking. Mercedes-Benz World is due to open in the summer of 2006 and will incorporate a test track that includes the banked track of the Clubhouse turn. The facilities will also include a conference centre, hotel and a Mercedes-Benz showroom. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... DaimlerChrysler AG headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg and Auburn Hills, Michigan, is a prominent automobile and truck manufacturer and financial services provider (through DaimlerChrysler Financial Services). ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ...

People Associated with Brooklands

Baron Kishichiro Okura (1882-1963, 大倉喜七郎 Okura Kishichiro in Japanese) studied at Trinity College, Cambridge from 1903 to 1906 but he did not manage to graduate from Cambridge University. ... John Rhodes Cobb (December 2, 1899 - September 29, 1952) was a British racing motorist. ... Frank B Halford - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Sir Malcolm Campbell (born March 11, 1885 in Chislehurst, Kent, England - died December 31, 1948) was a racing motorist and motoring journalist. ... John Godfrey Parry-Thomas was born in Wrexham in April 1884 and was killed in March 1927 at Pendine while trying to break the world land speed record. ...

External links

  • The Brooklands Society
  • Brooklands Museum
  • Mercedes-Benz World
  • The River Wey and Wey Navigations Community Site — a non-commercial site of over 120,000 words all about the River Wey including information and images about Brooklands, Weybridge and early automobile manufacture in England
  • Kaye Don at Hampton Wick

  Results from FactBites:
Brooklands (340 words)
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit in Surrey, England.
Brooklands was also home to an air-base, which in 1909 saw the first flight of an English aircraft by an English pilot - Alliot Verdon-Roe[?].
The remaining sections of track were the subject of a preservation order in 2001, rendering illegal any subsequent destuction of the circuit.
Brooklands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (872 words)
Brooklands is a disused motor racing circuit built near Weybridge in Surrey, England.
The central area of Brooklands including the hard runway and remaining racetrack was sold to DaimlerChrysler UK Retail in early 2004.
Brooklands made a TV appearance when it featured in a 1990's episode of Agatha Christie's Poirot when Hercule Poirot investigates a crime committed involving a racing driver.
  More results at FactBites »



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