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Encyclopedia > Brody
The tower of former district court building in Brody. Today it houses Pedagogical College.
The tower of former district court building in Brody. Today it houses Pedagogical College.
A church in Brody
A church in Brody

Brody (Ukrainian: Броди, Polish: Brody, Russian: Броды, Yiddish: בּראָד, translit. Brod) is a city in the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Brodivskyi Raion (district), and is located in the valley of the upper Styr River, approximately 90 kilometres northeast of the oblast capital, Lviv. As of 2004, its population is 23,239. Brody is a city in Ukraine, and it may also refer to: Brody (air base), an air base near Brody, Ukraine Brody Castle, a castle near Brody, Ukraine Brody (name), a common given and family name Brody (DJ), American radio personality Brody the Bear, a bear actor Brody Complex, a... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 235 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 235 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Yiddish (Yid. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lviv Oblast is an oblast of western Ukraine, created on December 4, 1939. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... Brodivskyi Raion (Ukrainian: , translit: Brodivs’kyi raion) is a raion (district) of the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ... The Styr is a river, approximatedly 436 kilometers long, of northwest Ukraine flowing northward to the Pripyat River. ... “Lvov” redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During July-August 1944 (World War II), Brody and the nearby areas saw the battles of a strategically important Lvov-Sandomierz Operation where the Soviet army successfully encircled and destroyed German forces. During the Cold War, Brody air base served Soviet Air Force regiments. Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Harpe (Heeresgruppe Nordukraine) Ivan Koniev (1st Ukrainian Front) Strength 368,000 men 340 AFVs 4,800 guns 1,200,000 men 1,979 AFVs 11,265 guns Casualties 37,400 men 520 AFVs 198,000 men 1,285 AFVs The Lvov-Sandomierz Operation was... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Brody (also given as Brody North) is an air base in Ukraine located 6 km north of Brody. ...


Brody is the junction place of the Druzhba and Odessa-Brody oil pipelines. Druzhba pipeline The Druzhba pipeline (Russian: ) is the worlds longest oil pipeline, it carries oil some 2,500 miles from southeast Russia to points in Ukraine, Hungary, Poland, and Germany[1] (the next longest being the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline). ... The Odesa-Brody pipeline is a crude oil pipeline between the Ukrainian cities of Odesa at the Black Sea, and Brody near the Ukrainian-Polish border. ...

Contents

History

The first mention of a settlement on the site of Brody is dated 1084 (Instructions by Volodymyr Monomach). It is believed to have been destroyed by Batu Khan in 1241. Events Saint Bruno founds the Carthusian Order of monks Kyanzittha begins his reign in Myanmar. ... Batu Khan (Russian: , Ukrainian: ) (c. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ...


From 1441 Brody was property of different feudal families (Jan Sieniński, from 1511 - Kamieniecki). This page is about the year 1441. ...


Brody was granted Magdeburg rights and city status in 1546. At this time it was known under the name Lubicz (Любич, Polish: Lubicz) that gave name to the Lubicz Coat of Arms of the owner, Stanisław Żółkiewski (not to be confused with Lubech, Lubecz). The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... // Events Spanish conquest of Yucatan Peace between England and France Foundation of Trinity College, Cambridge by Henry VIII of England Katharina von Bora flees to Magdeburg Science Architecture Michelangelo Buonarroti is made chief architect of St. ... Lubicz - is a Polish Coat of Arms. ... Noble Family Żółkiewski Coat of Arms Lubicz Parents  ? Consorts  ? Children  ? Date of Birth 1547 Place of Birth Turynka near Lwów Date of Death October 7, 1620 Place of Death near Mohylowo, Podole StanisÅ‚aw Żółkiewski, (1547 – 7 October 1620) was a Polish noble (szlachcic) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth... Liubech, Lyubech or Lubech (Russian and Ukrainian: ) is a small ancient town connected with many important events since the times of Kievan Rus. It is currently a small settlement located in Ripky Raion, Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. ...


From 1629, the city became the property of Stanisław Koniecpolski, who transformed it into a fortress (1630-1635). In 1648, Bohdan Khmelnytsky was unable to capture it for about 8 weeks. The fortress was designed by the French military engineer Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan. Noble Family Koniecpolski Coat of Arms Pobóg Parents Aleksander Koniecpolski Anna Sroczycka Consorts Katarzyna Żółkiewska (1615) Krystyna Lubomirska (1619) Zofia OpaliÅ„ska (1656) Children Aleksander Koniecpolski Date of Birth 1590/1594 Place of Birth Koniecpol Date of Death March 11, 1646 Place of Death Brody StanisÅ‚aw Koniecpolski, (1590... Bohdan Zynovii Mykhailovych Khmelnytskyi (Ukrainian: , commonly transliterated as Khmelnytsky; known in Polish as Bohdan Zenobi Chmielnicki; in Russian as Богда́н Хмельни́цкий, translit. ...

Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:

Since the 17th century, the city was populated not only by Ukrainians and Poles, but with a significant number of Jews (70% of the town's population), Armenians, Greeks and Scots. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...


In 1704 Brody was purchased by Potocki family. In 1734 fortress was destroyed by Russian troops and rebuilt again by Stanisław Potocki in baroque style. In 1772 Brody became a part of Habsburg Empire (from 1804 - Austrian Empire). In 1812 Wincenty Potocki was forced by the Austrian government to remove the city's fortifications. Potocki family coat of arms: Pilawa. ... StanisÅ‚aw Potocki can refer to several members of the Potocki family: StanisÅ‚aw Rewera Potocki, 1579-1667, hetman, voivode, podkomorzy, StanisÅ‚aw Potocki (XVIII-1760), voivode StanisÅ‚aw Potocki (1734-1802), krajczy StanisÅ‚aw SzczÄ™sny Potocki, 1735-1805, voivode, Artillery General StanisÅ‚aw Kostka Potocki, 1755-1821, podstoli... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Anthem Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) The Austrian Empire Capital Vienna Language(s) German Hungarian Romanian Czech Slovakian Slovenian Croatian Serbian Italian Polish Ruthenian Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Ausgleich 1867 The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was a modern era successor empire founded...


A crossroads and a Jewish trade center in the nineteenth century, the city is considered to be one of the shtetls. It was particularly famous for the Brodersänger or Broder singers, who were among the first to publicly perform Yiddish songs outside of Purim plays and wedding parties. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... A shtetl (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot שטאָט, town, pronounced very similarly to the South German diminutiveStädtle, little town) was typically a small town with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... The Brodersänger or Broder singers, from Brody in Ukraine, were Jewish singers, who from at least the early 19th century were among the first to publicly perform Yiddish-language songs outside of Purim plays and wedding parties, and who were an important precursor to Yiddish theater. ... Yiddish (Yid. ... Purim (Hebrew: פורים Pûrîm lots, from Akkadian pÅ«ru) is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the deliverance from Hamans plot to annihilate all the Jews of the Persian Empire, who had survived the Babylonian captivity, after Persia had conquered Babylonia who in turn had destroyed the First Temple...

The promulgation of the May Laws, and the massive exodus of Russian Jews which was its result, took the leaders of Western Jewry completely by surprise. Throughout 1881, hundreds of immigrants… kept arriving in Brody daily. Their arrival placed Austrian and German coreligionists in a quandary… the comfortable middle-class Jewish community of Central and Western Europe looked instinctively to the Alliance Israelite Universelle, the world's largest and most respected Jewish philanthropic agency, to bring order out of chaos, to cope with the huge influx of newcomers. (Howard M. Sachar) On May 15, 1882, Tsar Alexander III of Russia introduced the so-called Temporary laws which stayed in effect for more than thirty years and came to be known as the May Laws. ... Alliance Israelite Universelle is an international Jewish organization of French Jews based in France. ...

The town was the site of heavy destruction by both Polish and Russian forces in the 1920 war and is described extensively in stories of the Red Cavalry by Isaac Babel. Red Cavalry is a collection of short stories by Russian author Isaac Babel. ... Isaac Emmanuilovich Babel, Russian: Исаак Эммануилович Бабель (13 July [O.S. 1 July] 1894 – January 27, 1940) was a Soviet journalist, playwright, and short story writer. ...


There is Brody museum of history and district ethnography in Brody, Scott Brody, curator with history. Brody museum of history and district ethnography (Majdan Svobody,5, Brody, Lviv region, Ukraine, tel. ...


Famous Jews associated with Brody

Jewish tombstones at New Jewish Cemetery in Brody. The Cemetery numbers ca. 20.000 burials
The old synagogue (ruins) of Brody
The old synagogue (ruins) of Brody

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 313 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 313 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 278 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 278 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Adolph Baller(1909, Brody, Austrian Galicia(now Ukraine) _ 1994, Palo Alto) was a Austrian-American Pianist. ... Iuliu Barasch (1815–1863) was a Ukrainian-born Jewish physician and writer who made his career in Romania. ... Berl Broder (1815–1868), born Berl Margulis was a Ukrainian Jew, the most famous of the Broder singers, 19th century Jewish singers comparable to the troubadours or Minnesänger, and reputed the first to be both a singer and an actor. ... Oscar Chajes (pronounced HA-yes) was an Austrian chess player. ... Zvi Hirsch Chajes (November 20, 1805 – October 12, 1855) was one of the foremost Galician talmudic scholars. ... Hans Kelsen Hans Kelsen (Prague, October 11, 1881 – April 19, 1973) was an Austrian -American jurist of Jewish descent. ... Nachman Kohen Krochmal (born in Brody, Galicia, on February 17, 1785; died at Tarnopol on July 31, 1840) was an Austrian philosopher, theologian, and historian. ... Max Margules (April 23, 1856, Brody, Galicia - October 4, 1920, Perchtoldsdorf, Niederösterreich) was a Galicia-born Austrian meteorologist. ... Jacques Mieses (1865–1954) was a German-born Jewish chess player and writer. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Amalia Freud Amalia Nathansohn Freud (1835–1930) was the second (possibly third) wife of Jacob Freud and mother of Sigmund Freud. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Joseph Ludwig Raabe (born May 15, 1801 in Brody, Galicia, died January 22, 1859 in Zürich, Switzerland) was a Swiss mathematician. ... Jakob Rosanes (1842-1922) was a mathematician who worked on algebraic geometry and invariant theory. ... Joseph Roth (September 2, 1894 in Brody - May 27, 1939 in Paris) was an Austrian Jewish novelist who converted to Catholicism and is best known for his family saga The Radetzky March (1932), and for his novel of Jewish life Job (1930). ... Daniel Abraham Yanofsky (March 25, 1925- March 5, 2000) was Canadas first chess grandmaster and an eight-time national champion. ...

Nearby towns

Zolochiv (Ukrainian: ; Polish: ; Russian: , translit. ... Coat of arms of Olesko, 1936. ... Zboriv (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a small city in Ternopil Oblast, west Ukraine in the historical region of Galicia. ...

References

  • Howard M. Sachar, The Course of modern Jewish history. Vintage Books (a division of Random House) Chapter 15

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Coordinates: 50°05′00″N, 25°09′0″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fawn Brodie Vindicated (3252 words)
Brodie appears to be a disciple of the late A. Kinsey and believes that a man ought to be judged by the fullness and frequency of his sex life.
Brodie is not bothered by the fact that she can adduce only slim factual support for her tales of what she primly calls Jefferson's "intimate life." Reluctantly she confesses that there is "no real evidence" as to what happened in the Betsy Walker case.
Brodie's manipulation and tangling of evidence, of her obsession with sex, of her ignorance of the larger background of the subject she is treating, and of her special "intuition" into the minds of people.
Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie (www.whonamedit.com) (1918 words)
Brodie was born at Winterslow rectory in Wiltshire, the third son of Reverend Peter Brodie, the rector of the parish of Winterslow, and Sarah Collins, the daughter of a banker from Salisbury.
Brodie recognised the association of arthritis with gonorrhoea and that all children's hip disorders were associated with infection.
Brodie’s treatise on diseases of the joints is his most important work and includes pathological observations and case studies on inflammation (including Brodie's abscess), ulceration and tumours of the joints.
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