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Encyclopedia > Brodmann area 25
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Human

Brodmann area 25 (BA25) is an area in the cerebral cortex of the brain and delineated based on its cytoarchitectonic characteristics. It is also called the subgenual area or area subgenualis. It is the 25th "Brodmann area" defined by Korbinian Brodmann (thus its name). BA25 is located in the cingulate region as part of the subcallosal area. Jump to: navigation, search Location of the Cerebral cortex Slice of the Cerebral cortex, ca. ... Jump to: navigation, search In the anatomy of animals, the brain, or encephalon, is the higher, supervisory center of the nervous system. ... Jump to: navigation, search Brodmann Areas in the Human Brain with an Emphasis on Vision and Language A Brodmann area is a region in the brains cortex that is defined by its histologic characteristics. ... Korbinian Brodmann (November 17, 1868 - August 22, 1918) was a German neurologist who became famous for his definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions from their cytoarchitectonic (histological) characteristics. ...


One study has noted that BA25 is metabolically overactive in treatment-resistant depression and has found that chronic deep brain stimulation in the white matter adjacent to the area were a successfull antidepressant for some patients. Look up Depression on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Depression may refer to one of the following: Clinical depression, a medical condition which includes decreased interest in pleasurable activities Depression (mood), an everyday term for a sad mood Depression (geology), a sunken or depressed geological formation Depression (economics) is a more... Jump to: navigation, search Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is one of a group of treatments involving surgical implantation of a medical device called brain pacemaker which sends electrical impulses to specific parts of the brain. ... White matter is one of the two main solid components of the central nervous system. ... Jump to: navigation, search An antidepressant is a medication designed to treat or alleviate the symptoms of clinical depression. ...


Guenon

The term area 25 of Brodmann-1909 refers to a subdivision of the cerebral cortex of the guenon defined on the basis of cytoarchitecture and topology (Brodmann-1909). While Brodmann did not include it in the illustration of the guenon cortex, he described it as a portion of area 24 of Brodmann-1905 that was homologous to the subgenual area 25 of the human and that appears as Brodmann's area 25 in a topologically homologous location in Vogt-87. Note that Brodmann earlier assigned the number 25 to area 32 of Brodmann-1909 (Brodmann-1905 and Mauss-1908).


External reference

  • Douglas M. Bowden and others, Subgenual area 25, BrainInfo.
  • Helen S. Mayberg and others, "Deep brain stimulation for treatment-resistant depression", Neuron, volume 45, 2005.

Categories: Biology journals | Magazines stubs ...

See Also

Jump to: navigation, search Brodmann Areas in the Human Brain with an Emphasis on Vision and Language A Brodmann area is a region in the brains cortex that is defined by its histologic characteristics. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brodmann area 25 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (438 words)
Brodmann area 25 (BA25) is an area in the cerebral cortex of the brain and delineated based on its cytoarchitectonic characteristics.
Area 25 of Brodmann-1909 is a subdivision of the cerebral cortex of the guenon defined on the basis of cytoarchitecture and topology (Brodmann-1909).
While Brodmann did not include it in the illustration of the guenon cortex, he described it as a portion of area 24 of Brodmann-1905 that was homologous to the subgenual area 25 of the human and that appears as Brodmann's area 25 in a topologically homologous location in Vogt-87.
Brodmann area 32 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (440 words)
In the human this area is known as dorsal anterior cingulate area 32, and it refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined cingulate region of cerebral cortex.
Cytoarchitecturally it is bounded internally by the ventral anterior cingulate area 24, externally by medial margins of the agranular frontal area 6, intermediate frontal area 8, granular frontal area 9, frontopolar area 10, and prefrontal area 11-1909.
In the guenon Brodmann area 32 is a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined cingulate region of cerebral cortex.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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