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Encyclopedia > Brodmann area
Lateral surface of the brain with Brodmann's areas numbered.
Lateral surface of the brain with Brodmann's areas numbered.
Medial surface of the brain with Brodmann's areas numbered.
Medial surface of the brain with Brodmann's areas numbered.

A Brodmann area is a region in the brain cortex defined in many different species based on its cytoarchitecture. Cytoarchitecture is the organization of the cortex as observed when a tissue is stained for nerve cells. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x720, 184 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Brodmann area Brodmann area 4 Prefrontal cortex Poles of cerebral hemispheres ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x720, 184 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Brodmann area Brodmann area 4 Prefrontal cortex Poles of cerebral hemispheres ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (960x720, 212 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Entorhinal cortex Cingulate cortex Brodmann area Nucleus accumbens Brodmann area 24 Posterior cingulate ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (960x720, 212 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Entorhinal cortex Cingulate cortex Brodmann area Nucleus accumbens Brodmann area 24 Posterior cingulate ... For other uses, see Cortex. ... Cell biology (also called cellular biology or cytology, from the Greek kytos, container) is an academic discipline which studies cells. ...


Brodmann areas were originally defined by Korbinian Brodmann and referred to by numbers from 1 to 52. Some of the original areas have been subdivided further and referred to, e.g., as "23a" and "23b". The same number in different species does not necessarily represent structurally homologous areas. Korbinian Brodmann (November 17, 1868 - August 22, 1918) was a German neurologist who became famous for his definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions from their cytoarchitectonic (histological) characteristics. ...

Contents

Brodmann areas for human & non-human primates

(*) Area only found in non-human primates. The postcentral gyrus is a prominent structure in the parietal lobe of the human brain and an important landmark. ... Brodmann area 4 of human brain. ... Brodmann area 5 is part of the parietal cortex in the human brain. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... // Human Brodmann area 8, or BA8, is part of the frontal cortex in the human brain. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DL-PFC or DLPFC) is the last area (45th) to develop (myelinate) in the human cerebrum. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... The term Brodmann area 12 refers to a subdivision of the cerebral cortex of the guenon defined on the basis of cytoarchitecture. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The insular cortex (also often referred to as just the insula) is a structure of the human brain. ... The term Brodmann area 15 refers to a subdivision of the CEREBRAL CORTEX of the guenon defined on the basis of cytoarchitecture. ... Brodmann area 17 (primary visual cortex) is shown in red in this image which also shows area 18 (orange) and 19 (yellow) The primary visual cortex (usually called V1) is the most well-studied visual area in the brain. ... Brodmann area 17 (primary visual cortex) is shown in red in this image which also shows area 18 (orange) and 19 (yellow) The primary visual cortex (usually called V1) is the most well-studied visual area in the brain. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... Brodmann area 19 is shown in yellow in this image which also shows ares 17 (red) and 18 (orange) Brodmann area 19, or BA19, is part of the occipital lobe cortex in the human brain. ... V3 may be: V-3 cannon A self-given nickname of Albert Kesselring Motorola RAZR V3 Station V3 The IATA code of Carpatair Area V3 of the visual cortex Version 3 of the Unix research system Kamen Rider V3 V3 Rocket, a fictional soviet rocket in Command & Conquer: Red Alert... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... On the left side of the brain is an area called Brodmann’s area 22, that help generate and help the understanding of individual words, and on the right side of the brain it helps tell the difference between melody, pitch, and sound intensity. ... Wernickes area is a part of the human brain that forms part of the cortex, on the left posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus, encircling the auditory cortex, on the Sylvian fissure (part of the brain where the temporal lobe and parietal lobe meet). ... Brodmann area 23 (BA23) is a region in the brain corresponding to some portion of the posterior cingulate cortex. ... The posterior cingulate cortex is the backmost part of the cingulate cortex. ... 24 - ventral anterior cingulate (area cingularis anterior ventralis). ... Grays FIG. 727– Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere. ... // Human Brodmann area 25 (BA25) is an area in the cerebral cortex of the brain and delineated based on its cytoarchitectonic characteristics. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... // Guenon The term Brodmann area 28 refers to a subdivision of the cerebral cortex of the guenon defined on the basis of cytoarchitecture. ... The entorhinal cortex (EC) is an important memory center in the brain. ... This area is known as granular retrolimbic area 29, and it refers to a cytoarchitecturally defined portion of the retrosplenial region of the cerebral cortex. ... This area is known as agranular retrolimbic area 30, and it refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined retrosplenial region of the cerebral cortex. ... This area is known as dorsal posterior cingulate area 31, and it refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined cingulate region of cerebral cortex. ... The posterior cingulate cortex is the backmost part of the cingulate cortex. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Grays FIG. 727– Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere. ... You have new messages. ... The entorhinal cortex (EC) is an important memory center in the brain. ... The parahippocampal gyrus (or hippocampal gyrus) is a grey matter cortical region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus. ... // Human This area is known as perirhinal area 35, and it refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined hippocampal region of the cerebral cortex. ... Perirhinal cortex is a cortical region in the medial temporal lobe that is made up of Brodmann areas 35 and 36. ... The parahippocampal gyrus (or hippocampal gyrus) is a grey matter cortical region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus. ... This area is known as ectorhinal area 36, and it refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined temporal region of cerebral cortex. ... The parahippocampal gyrus (or hippocampal gyrus) is a grey matter cortical region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... The fusiform gyrus is part of the temporal lobe. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... Wernickes area is a part of the human brain that forms part of the cortex, on the left posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus, encircling the auditory cortex, on the Sylvian fissure (part of the brain where the temporal lobe and parietal lobe meet). ... Brodmann area 40, or BA40, is part of the parietal cortex in the human brain. ... Wernickes area is a part of the human brain that forms part of the cortex, on the left posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus, encircling the auditory cortex, on the Sylvian fissure (part of the brain where the temporal lobe and parietal lobe meet). ... The primary auditory cortex the region of the brain which is responsible for processing of auditory (sound) information. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... The Pars Opercularis is part of the inferior frontal gyrus and is part of the mirror neurons. ... Brocas area is the section of the human brain (in the opercular and triangular sections of the inferior frontal gyrus of the frontal lobe of the cortex) that is involved in language processing, speech production and comprehension. ... Categories: Stub | Cerebrum ... The Pars triangularis is a portion of the inferior frontal gyrus. ... Brocas area is the section of the human brain (in the opercular and triangular sections of the inferior frontal gyrus of the frontal lobe of the cortex) that is involved in language processing, speech production and comprehension. ... // Where is it? Brodmann area 46, or BA46, is part of the frontal cortex in the human brain. ... The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DL-PFC or DLPFC) is the last area (45th) to develop (myelinate) in the human cerebrum. ... Where is it? Brodmann area 47, or BA47, is part of the frontal cortex in the human brain. ... This area is known as retrosubicular area 48, and it refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined hippocampal region of the cerebral cortex. ... The term parainsular area 52 (H) refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined temporal region of cerebral cortex. ... Insula is the Latin word for island. It has other meanings: A Roman building with several stories. ... Families 15, See classification A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. ...


Criticism

When von Bonin and Bailey were to construct a brain map for the macaque monkey they found the description of Brodmann inadequate and wrote: For other uses, see Macaca. ...

Brodmann (1907), it is true, prepared a map of the human brain which has been widely reproduced, but, unfortunately, the data on which it was based was never published[1]

They instead used the cytoarchitechtonic scheme of Economo and Koskinas published in 1925 which had the "only acceptable detailed description of the human cortex". Koskinas may refer to several places in Greece: Koskinas, a town in the Elis prefecture Koskinas, a town in the Euboea prefecture Koskinas, a town in the Karditsa prefecture Categories: | ...


See also

The human brain In animals, the brain (enkephalos) (Greek for in the skull), is the control center of the central nervous system, responsible for behavior. ... A cortical area is a spatially confined unit of the cerebral cortex. ... // medulla oblongata medullary pyramids pons paramedian pontine reticular formation fourth ventricle cerebellum cerebellar vermis cerebellar hemispheres anterior lobe posterior lobe flocculonodular lobe cerebellar nuclei fastigial nucleus globose nucleus emboliform nucleus dentate nucleus tectum inferior colliculi superior colliculi mesencephalic duct (cerebral aqueduct, Aqueduct of Sylvius) cerebral peduncle midbrain tegmentum ventral tegmental...

References

  1. ^ Gerhardt von Bonin, Percival Bailey, The Neocortex of Macaca Mulatta, The University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois, 1925.

Urbana is the name of some places in the United States of America: Urbana, Illinois Urbana, Maryland Urbana, Missouri Urbana, New York Urbana, Ohio Urbana is the name of a place in Italy: Urbana, Italy In addition, there is also, with a slightly different spelling: Urbanna, Virginia Urbana may also... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • brodmann x func — Functional categorization of Brodmann areas.
  • Brodmann, Mark Dubin pages on Brodmann areas.
  • Brodmann areas of cortex involved in language

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brodmann (2127 words)
Cytoarchitecturally bounded rostrally by the preparietal area 5 and the caudal postcentral area 2; caudally by the peristriate area 19; and medially by the dorsal posterior cingulate area 31.
Cytoarchitecturally bounded dorsocaudally by the intermediate frontal area 8, caudally by the agranular frontal area 6, and ventrally by the frontopolar area 10, the middle frontal area 46 and the opercular area 44.
Cytoarchitecturally bounded on the rostral and lateral aspects of the hemisphere by the frontopolar area 10, the orbital area 47, and the triangular area 45; on the medial surface it is bounded dorsally by the area 12 and caudally by the subgenual area 25.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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