Title pages of «Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary»
Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (35 volumes, small; 86 volumes, large) is, in its scope and style, the Russian counterpart to the 1911 Britannica. Published in Imperial Russia in 1890-1906, the comprehensive encyclopedia was a joint venture of Leipzig and St Petersburg publishers. The articles were written by first-rank Russian scholars of the day. Its reprints appeared following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Full edition is available here. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1035x824, 113 KB) ÐÐ¿Ð¸ÑÐ°Ð½Ð¸Ðµ/Description ru:Ð¢Ð¸ÑÑÐ»ÑÐ½ÑÐµ Ð»Ð¸ÑÑÑ ÑÐ¾Ð¼Ð¾Ð² Ia Ð¸ XXV Â«ÐÐ½ÑÐ¸ÐºÐ»Ð¾Ð¿ÐµÐ´Ð¸ÑÐµÑÐºÐ¾Ð³Ð¾ ÑÐ»Ð¾Ð²Ð°ÑÑ ÐÑÐ¾ÐºÐ³Ð°ÑÐ·Ð° Ð¸ ÐÑÑÐ¾Ð½Ð°Â» (1890-1907) Title pages of Â«Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic DictionaryÂ» (1890-1907) ÐÑÑÐ¾ÑÐ½Ð¸Ðº/Source http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1035x824, 113 KB) ÐÐ¿Ð¸ÑÐ°Ð½Ð¸Ðµ/Description ru:Ð¢Ð¸ÑÑÐ»ÑÐ½ÑÐµ Ð»Ð¸ÑÑÑ ÑÐ¾Ð¼Ð¾Ð² Ia Ð¸ XXV Â«ÐÐ½ÑÐ¸ÐºÐ»Ð¾Ð¿ÐµÐ´Ð¸ÑÐµÑÐºÐ¾Ð³Ð¾ ÑÐ»Ð¾Ð²Ð°ÑÑ ÐÑÐ¾ÐºÐ³Ð°ÑÐ·Ð° Ð¸ ÐÑÑÐ¾Ð½Ð°Â» (1890-1907) Title pages of Â«Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic DictionaryÂ» (1890-1907) ÐÑÑÐ¾ÑÐ½Ð¸Ðº/Source http://www. ... (Redirected from 1911 Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ... The Russian Empire in 1913 Greater Arms of the Russian Empire, adopted in 1882 Simplified Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire Flag of Russian Empire 1858-1883 Flag of Russian Empire 1914-1917 Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon, 1902 An encyclopedia (alternatively encyclopaedia) is a written compendium of knowledge. ... Leipzig â¶(?)  (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ...
A dictionary primarily focuses on words and their definitions, and typically provides limited information, analysis, or background for the word defined.
The Macquarie Dictionary, Australia's national dictionary, became an encyclopedicdictionary after its first edition in recognition of the use of proper nouns in common communication, and the words derived from such proper nouns.
In his own article on the encyclopedia, Diderot wrote, "Were an analytical dictionary of the sciences and arts nothing more than a methodical combination of their elements, I would still ask whom it behooves to fabricate good elements." Diderot viewed the ideal encyclopedia as an index of connections.
The first to arrange encyclopedic matter according to an alphabetical system was Suidas, during whose time (tenth and eleventh centuries) the necessity of general information on Byzantine culture made itself felt, especially during the reign of Constantine VII, Porphyrogenitus (913-59).
Outside of the encyclopedia of Ersch and Gruber, the most ambitious encyclopedic work of the nineteenth century, the model of encyclopedic presentation, is the Brockhaus "Konversationslexikon", which took its name from Hübner, and from Bayle's "Dictionnaire" its arrangement and plan of presenting the results of scientific research and discovery in a popular form.
In 1800 the publishing rights were acquired by Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus; the firm of Brockhaus completely altered the original plan and is still engaged on the work (14th ed., 1901-abridged ed., 2 vols., 4th ed., 1888).
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