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Encyclopedia > Brocket deer
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Brocket Deer
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Genus: Mazama
Species
M. Americana
M. gouzoubira
M. chunyi
M. rufina
M. nana
M. pandora

Brocket Deer are a group of deer species of the Mazama genus found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. They are small in size and dwell primarily in forests. They are similar to the Duiker species, but unrelated. There are seven known species of Brocket Deer, all of them closely related. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Placozoa (trichoplax) Subregnum Bilateria (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Genera About 15 in 4 subfamilies. ... Subfamilies Capreolinae Cervinae Hydropotinae Muntiacinae A deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... In biology, a species is the basic unit of biodiversity. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Yucatán Peninsula separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. ... FOREST, which describes itself as the voice and friend of the smoker, is a United Kingdom political pressure group that campaigns for the right of people to smoke tobacco and opposes attempts to ban or reduce tobacco consumption, as well as casting doubt on medical claims of the health risks... Genera Cephalophus Sylvicapra A duiker is any of about 19 small to medium-sized antelope species native to sub-Saharan Africa. ...

Contents


Physical description

The Mazama species are all similar in appearance, although the size may vary. They have small rounded bodies, ranging from 70 to 140 cm in length, and usually have a light or dark brown coloration. Weight ranges from 8 to 30 kg. The antlers are short and are shed very infrequently.


Mazama species

  1. Red Brocket (M. Americana)—The largest species of Brocket Deer, weighing up to 30 kg. It has a reddish-brown coat.
  2. Brown Brocket (M. gouzoubira)—Has a greyer coat than the other species.
  3. Dwarf Brocket (M. chunyi)—This species is a reddish-brown color and has prominent eye glands.
  4. Little Red Brocket (M. rufina)—One of the smallest species, the coat is a grey to reddish brown color, the underside is white.
  5. Merioa Brocket (M. bricenii)
  6. Pygmy Brocket (M. nana)
  7. Yucatan Brown Brocket (M. pandora)

Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... The Mazama nana, or Pygmy Brocket Deer, is very small in size. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ...

Behavior

In addition to being nocturnal and their small size, Mazama are shy and thus rarely observed. They are found living alone or in mated pairs within their own small territory, the boundaries usually marked with urine, feces, or secretions from the eye glands. When approached by predators (pumas and jaguars are their primary threats), being knowledgeable about their territory, they will hide in nearby vegetation. As herbivores, their diet consists of leaves, fruits, and shoots found within their territory. A nocturnal animal is one that sleeps during the day and is active at night - the opposite of the human (diurnal) schedule. ... Urine is liquid waste excreted by the kidneys and is produced by the process of filtration. ... Rabbit feces are usually 8-10 mm in diameter and dry to the touch. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Binomial name Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758) The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a large member of the cat family found primarily in the warm regions of the Americas. ... A deer and two fawns feeding on some foliage In zoology, a herbivore is an animal that is adapted to eat primarily plant matter (rather than meat). ...


Reproduction

Mated pairs who live together remain monogamous. Single male deer will usually mate with nearby females. When males compete for a mate, they fight by biting and stabbing with their short horns. Brocket species that live in tropical areas have no fixed mating season, but those in temperate areas have a distinct rutting period in the autumn. In monogamy (Greek: monos = single/only and gamos = marriage) a person has only one spouse at a time (as opposed to polygamy). ...


The gestation period is roughly 200–220 days and females only bear one doe at a time. The young stay with the mother, keeping concealed until large enough to accompany her. They are normally weaned at about six months of age and reach sexual maturity after a year. Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside a female viviparous animal. ...


External links

  • Mazama or Brocket Deer

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brocket Deer - Mammal Directory (730 words)
Brocket antlers are simple, straight spikes only a few inches long, but white-tails in Panama also often have straight spikes, not the large racks of their northern counterparts.
Brockets can be seen on BCI in the late afternoon around the edges of the lab clearing, and at almost any time on any trail.
Brockets are often seen in pairs, as a male and female usually inhabit the same territory.
Red brocket (391 words)
Red brockets are diurnal, spending most of their active time in dense forests searching for food.
The largest brocket species, the red brocket is found in every Central and South American country, with the exception of Chile and Uruguay.
Brocket is thought to be from broc (Old French) the tine of a stag's antler.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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