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Encyclopedia > Broadcast syndication

In broadcasting, syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast radio shows and television shows to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. It is common in countries where television is organized around networks with local affiliates, notably the United States. In the rest of the world, however, countries have mainly centralized networks without local affiliates and syndication is less common. Shows can also be syndicated internationally. Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... Radio broadcasts have been a popular entertainment since the 1910s, though popularity has declined a little in some countries since television became widespread. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... A broadcast station may be: a radio station a television station It does not include television networks or radio networks. ... A broadcast network is an organization, such as a corporation or other association, that provides live or recorded content, such as movies, newscasts, sports, and public affairs programs for broadcast over a television station. ... An affiliate is a commercial entity with a relationship with a peer or a larger entity. ...


Types of syndication:

  • first-run syndication refers to programming that is broadcast for the first time as a syndicated show, or at least first so offered in a given country (programs originally created and broadcast outside of the United States, first presented on a network in their country of origin, have often been syndicated in the U.S. and in some other countries);
  • off-network syndication involves the sale of a program that was originally run on network television: a rerun;
  • public-broadcasting syndication has arisen in the U.S. as a parallel service to stations in the PBS service and the handful of independent public stations.
Opening snapshot of The Muppet Show, one of the most successful(ly) syndicated TV series in the U.S. during the 1970s, and shown worldwide for decades since.
Opening snapshot of The Muppet Show, one of the most successful(ly) syndicated TV series in the U.S. during the 1970s, and shown worldwide for decades since.

Contents

A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ... The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 354 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada. ... Opening to The Muppet Show This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Opening to The Muppet Show This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... The Muppet Show was a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand-operated puppets, typically with oversized eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ...

How and why

When syndicating a show, the production company, or a distribution company or "syndicator," usually attempts to sell the show to one station in each media market or area, in the country and around the world. If successful, this can be lucrative; but the syndicator may only be able to sell the show in a fraction of the markets. A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the population can receive the same (or similar) television and radio station offerings, and may also include other types of media including newspapers and Internet content. ...


Syndication differs from selling the show to a television network; once a network picks up a show, it is usually guaranteed to run on all the network's affiliates, on the same day of the week and at the same time (in a given timezone, in countries where this is a concern). Many production companies create their shows and sell them to networks at a loss, at least at first, hoping that the series will succeed and that eventual off-network syndication will turn a profit for the show. A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ...


A syndicated program is sold to stations for "cash" (rights are purchased by the stations to insert some or all of the ads at their level); given to stations for access to airtime (wherein the syndicators get the ad revenue); or the combination of both. The trade of program for airtime is called "barter". In broadcasting, local insertion is the act or capability of a broadcast station or cable TV system to insert or replace part of a broadcast network feed with content unique to the local station or system. ... Barter is a type of trade in which goods or services are exchanged for other goods and/or services; no money is involved in the transaction. ...


While market penetration can vary widely and revenues can be unreliable, the producers often enjoy more content-freedom in the absence of network standards and practice officials; frequently, some innovative ideas are explored by first-run syndicated programming, which the networks are leery of giving airtime to; the early-1990s music program Sunday Night, later Night Music, for example, which offered intentionally-odd mixes of critically-favored musicians, such as (in one episode), soul singer Al Green, alternative rock band The Pixies, and avant garde jazz musician Sun Ra. Meanwhile, top-rated syndicated shows in the United States usually have a domestic market reach of 98%. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... For the Democratic Congressman from Texas and the former head of the Houston NAACP, please see Al Green. ... This article is about the band named Pixies. ... Sun Ra (Born Herman Poole Blount; legal name Le Sonyr Ra [1]; born May 22, 1914 in Birmingham, Alabama, died May 30, 1993 in Birmingham, Alabama) was an innovative jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, who came to be known as much for his cosmic philosophy as for...


It should also be noted that very often series that are aired in syndication are cut. For example a standard American sitcom runs 22 minutes, but in syndication it may be cut back to 20 minutes to make room for more commercials.


Syndication can take the form of either weekly or daily syndication. The game shows, some "tabloid" and entertainment news shows, and stripped talk shows are broadcast daily or weekdaily, while most other first-run syndicated shows are broadcast weekly.


First-run syndication

As with radio in the U.S., television networks in their early years particularly didn't offer full-days-worth of programming for their affiliates, even in the evening or "prime time" hours. Also, from the beginning, other stations were not affiliated with any network. Both groups sought to supplement their locally produced programming and whatever network feeds there were with content that could be flexibly scheduled. The development of videotape and, much later, enhanced satellite downlink access furthered these options. While most past first-run syndicated shows were shown only in syndication, some canceled network shows continued to be produced for first-run syndication or were revived for syndication several years after their original cancellation. Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording television pictures and accompanying sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ... An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ...


The 1950s and 1960s

Ziv Television Programs, Inc., after establishing itself as a major radio syndicator, was the first major first-run television syndicator, creating several long-lived series in the 1950s and selling them directly to regional sponsors, who in turn sold the shows to local stations. Among the most famous and widely watched Ziv offerings were Sea Hunt and Highway Patrol. Some first-run syndicated series were picked up by networks in the 1950s and early '60s, notably Superman and Mr. Ed. The networks started syndicating their reruns in the late 1950s, and first-run syndication shrank sharply, for a decade (CBS's first syndication arm, Viacom, would eventually be split off from the company and eventually come back to purchase CBS, having already purchased Paramount Pictures and its interests, and created UPN). Some stalwart series continued, notably Death Valley Days; other ambitious projects were also to flourish, however briefly, such as The Play of the Week (1959–1961), produced by David Susskind (of the syndicated talk show Open End and also producer of such network fare as NYPD). Ziv Television Programs, Inc. ... // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ... Sea Hunt was an American television adventure series from syndicator Ziv TV that ran from 1958 to 1961 and was popular in repeats for decades afterwards. ... Real name: William Broderick Crawford Broderick Crawford (December 9, 1911 - April 26, 1986) was an American actor. ... // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Superman is a comic book superhero, originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Mister Ed was a popular US television comedy show that aired on CBS from 1961-1966. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... This page is about the post-2005 Viacom. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... Death Valley Days was a long-running American radio and television anthology about true stories of the old American West, particularly the Death Valley area. ...


However, FCC rulings in the late 1960s curtailed the U.S. networks' ability to schedule programming in what has become known as the "early fringe," notably the 7-8pm (ET/PT) hour of "prime time," with the stated hope that this might encourage more local programming of social and cultural relevance to communities (off-network syndie repeats were also banned); some projects of this sort came to fruition, though usually relatively commercial and slick ones such as the Group W Evening Magazine/PM Magazine franchise, and such pre-existing national projects as the brief commercial-television run of William F. Buckley, Jr.'s interview/debate series Firing Line. The more obvious result was a rash of Canadian-produced syndicated dramatic series, such as the Gilligan's Island knock-off Dusty's Trail and the Colgate-sponsored Dr. Simon Locke; game shows, often evening editions of network afternoon series, flourished, and a few odd items such as Wild Kingdom, cancelled by NBC in 1971, had a continuing life as syndicated programming tailor-made for the early fringe. The FCCs official seal. ... Group W, also known as the Westinghouse Broadcasting Company, was a division of Westinghouse Electric Corporation. ... The Evening/PM Magazine format was created as a locally-produced light news, entertainment, and informational show, and was syndicated to local stations throughout the United States. ... William F. Buckley, Jr. ... Firing Line (1966-1999) was a public affairs show founded and hosted by conservative William F. Buckley, Jr. ... Mutual of Omahas Wild Kingdom, or simply Wild Kingdom, is an American television show that features wildlife and nature. ... NBC (an acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ...


The 1970s

Into the 1970s, first-run syndication continued to be an odd mix: cheaply produced, but not always poor-quality, "filler" programming. These included the dance-music show Soul Train, several sports history series, and 20th Century Fox's That's Hollywood, a television variation on the popular That's Entertainment! theatrically released collections of film clips from the MGM library. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Soul Train is a long-running American music-related syndicated television program. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the major American film studios. ... This article is about the 1974 MGM documentary film. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ...


There were also many imported programs distributed this way. These include the impressive documentary series Wild, Wild World of Animals (repackaged by Time Life with narration by William Conrad) and Thames Television's sober and necessarily grim The World at War. The Starlost (1973) was a Canadian series, apparently modified from the vision of science fiction writers Harlan Ellison and Ben Bova. UFO (1970) and Space: 1999 (1975) came from British producer Gerry Anderson and his partner Lew Grade, previously best-known for their Supermarionation (puppet/animation) series, like Thunderbirds. The most successful syndicated show in the US in the 1970s was probably the The Muppet Show, also from Lew Grade. Time Warner Inc. ... Conrad in Cannon William Conrad (September 27, 1920 – February 11, 1994), born William Cann, was an American actor and narrator in radio, film and television noted for his gifted use of a marvelous baritone voice, as well as for his sizable girth. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Starlost was a Canadian-produced science fiction television series devised by writer Harlan Ellison and broadcast in 1973 on CTV in Canada and on NBC in the United States. ... Harlan Jay Ellison (born May 27, 1934) is a prolific American writer of short stories, novellas, essays, and criticism. ... Benjamin William Bova (born November 8, 1932) is an American science fiction author and editor. ... UFO was a British television science fiction series created by Gerry Anderson and produced by Andersons and Lew Grades Century 21 Productions for Grades ITC Entertainment company. ... Left to right: Barbara Bain, Catherine Schell and Martin Landau from Space:1999s second season. ... Gerry Anderson, born 14 April 1929, is a British producer, director and writer, famous for his futuristic television programmes, particularly those involving specially modified marionettes, a process called Supermarionation. His first television production was the 1957 Roberta Leigh childrens series The Adventures of Twizzle. ... Lew Grade, Baron Grade (birth name Louis Winogradsky) (December 25, 1906 - December 13, 1998) was an influential showbusiness impresario and television company executive in the United Kingdom. ... Supermarionation (standing for super marionette animation) is a puppetry technique devised by the British production company AP Films and used extensively in its numerous action-adventure series, the most famous of which is undoubtedly Thunderbirds. ... Thunderbirds is a British mid-1960s television show devised by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and made by AP Films using a form of puppetry dubbed Supermarionation. The series followed the adventures of International Rescue, an organisation created to help those in grave danger using technically advanced equipment and machinery. ... The Muppet Show was a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand-operated puppets, typically with oversized eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ...


Game shows thrived in syndication in the decade. Five-day-a-week versions of What's My Line? and To Tell the Truth premiered in the late '60s and found loyal audiences until 1975 and 1978, respectively. Several daytime network games began producing once-a-week nighttime versions for the early-evening hours, usually with bigger prizes and often featuring different hosts (emcees were limited to appearing on one network and one syndicated game simultaneously) and modified titles (Match Game PM, The $100,000 Name That Tune or The $25,000 Pyramid, for example). Of these shows, Let's Make a Deal and The Hollywood Squares were the first to jump to twice-a-week syndicated versions around 1973. The nighttime version of Family Feud (1977) quickly jumped from once-weekly to twice, and finally to five-days-a-week, and its massive popularity, along with that of new five-a-day entries like Jack Barry's The Joker's Wild (1977) and Tic Tac Dough (1978) and Chuck Barris's increasingly-raunchy remakes of his '60s hits The Dating Game and The Newlywed Game, brought an end (with rare exceptions) to the era of once-a-week games. Also popular in first-run syndication and daytime was The Gong Show, hosted by Barris throughout most of its run. A game show is a radio or television program involving members of the public or celebrities, sometimes as part of a team, playing a game, perhaps involving answering quiz questions, for points or prizes. ... Whats My Line? was a weekly panel game show originally produced by Mark Goodson and Bill Todman for CBS television. ... A panel, from the 1969-78 version. ... The Match Game was an American television game show, most often hosted by Gene Rayburn. ... Name That Tune was a television game show that put two contestants against each other to test their knowledge of songs. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Lets Make a Deal is a television game show aired in the United States. ... Hollywood Squares is a American television comedy and game show in which two contestants play tic-tac-toe to win money and prizes. ... It has been suggested that Family Feud Broadcast History (United States), Family Feud in popular culture, Family Feud rules and production, Family Feud around the world be merged into this article or section. ... // The Jokers Wild was an American game show of the 1970s and 1980s, billed as the game where knowledge is king and lady luck is queen. ... 70s & 80s Tic Tac Dough Logo Wink Martindale hosting Tic Tac Dough in 1980 Tic-Tac-Dough was an American television game show based on the pen-and-paper game tic-tac-toe. ... as an ABC television show that first aired on December 20, 1965 and was the first of many shows created and packaged by Chuck Barris from the 1960s the 1980s. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Gong Show was a television variety show spoof broadcast on NBCs daytime schedule from July 12, 1976 through July 21, 1978 and in first-run syndication in the U.S. from 1976 until 1980. ...


Wait Till Your Father Gets Home (1973) was a Hanna-Barbera cartoon series attempting to ape the All in the Family-style sitcoms; Skippy the Bush Kangaroo (1969) was an Australian children's series in the manner of Flipper or Gentle Ben (a decade later, the decidedly not-for-children Australian Prisoner: Cell Block H would have a brief US syndicated run); and a Canadian sketch-comedy series began appearing on U.S. television stations in 1977—Second City Television would eventually find a home, for two seasons, on NBC, as SCTV Network 90 (and on cable station Cinemax later). The Boyle family Wait Till Your Father Gets Home was an animated television series produced from 1972 to 1974 by Hanna-Barbera which aired in first-run syndication in the United States. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... All in the Family is a popular and acclaimed American situation comedy that was originally broadcast on the CBS television network from January 12, 1971 until April 8, 1979, when the final original episode aired. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The Universal / Paramount-produced package of original programming, Operation Prime Time, began appearing on ad hoc quasi-networks of (almost by necessity) non-network stations in the U.S. in 1978, with a mini-series adaptation of John Jakes's The Bastard. This article is about the major American media conglomerate. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Operation Primetime (OPT) was a syndication block of programming offered to independent stations in the 1970s by what was then called MCA (now Universal Television). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... John Jakes (born on March 31, 1932) is a writer of fiction. ...


From the latter '60s into the late '70s, Westinghouse also found considerable success with The Mike Douglas Show, a variety/talk show hosted by a singer with an easygoing interview style, which played in afternoons in most markets; similar programs soon followed featuring Merv Griffin, who had been the host of CBS's most sustained late-night answer to The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson previously, and another network veteran, Dinah Shore. Also notable was the growing success of audience-participation talk shows, particularly that of the innovator of the format, Phil Donahue. The Mike Douglas Show was an American daytime television talk show hosted by Mike Douglas. ... Mervyn Edward Merv Griffin, Jr. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was the full name of NBCs The Tonight Show during the years that Johnny Carson hosted from 1962 to 1992. ... Dinah Shore (born Frances Rose Shore February 29, 1916 - February 24, 1994) was an American singer and actress. ... Phil Donahue Phillip John Donahue (b. ...


First-run syndication in the 1970s also made it possible for some shows no longer wanted by network television to remain on the air. In 1971, ABC cancelled The Lawrence Welk Show, which went on to produce new episodes in syndication for another 11 years. Also in 1971, CBS dropped Lassie and Hee Haw, the latter show's run ending as part of the network's cancellation of all of its rural-oriented shows (see The Beverly Hillbillies and Green Acres). Lassie entered first-run syndication for two years, while Hee Haw continued to produce new episodes until 1992. 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Lawrence Welk during a taping of The Lawrence Welk Show Lawrence Welk (March 11, 1903 – May 17, 1992) was a musician, accordion player, bandleader, and television impresario. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... Lassie was a American television series which originally aired from 1954 to 1974. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52... This entire article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Green Acres was an American television series that was produced by Filmways, Inc. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


The 1980s through today

Throughout the mid to late 1980s, sitcoms continued to enter first-run syndication after being cancelled by the networks, the most successful of which were Mama's Family and Charles In Charge. Other sitcoms during this time to enter first-run syndication after network cancellation included Punky Brewster, Silver Spoons, Webster, It's a Living, Too Close for Comfort and What's Happening!! (retitled as What's Happening Now!!). Many of these sitcoms produced new shows in syndication mainly to have enough episodes for a profitable run in rerun syndication. Mamas Family is an American television sitcom which premiered on January 22, 1983, on the NBC television network, where it aired for two seasons, until its cancellation in May 1984. ... Charles in Charge was an American sitcom series broadcast on CBS which starred Scott Baio as Charles, a college student working as a live-in babysitter. ... Punky Brewster was a popular sitcom in the 1980s. ... Silver Spoons was a sitcom that aired on NBC from September 25, 1982 to May 11, 1986 and in first-run syndication from September 15, 1986 to March 4, 1987. ... Webster was a sitcom produced by Paramount Television which premiered on ABC on September 16, 1983, and ran on that network until September 11, 1987, but continued in first-run syndication until 1989. ... Its a Living was the name of a sitcom which aired on American television from 1980 to 1982 and from 1985 to 1989. ... Too Close for Comfort was a television series which ran on the ABC network and in syndication from 1980 to 1986. ... Whats Happening!! was an American sitcom that ran on ABC from August 5, 1976 to April 28, 1979. ... Whats Happening Now!! was an American sitcom which ran in syndication from 1985 to 1988. ...


During the latter 1980s and early 1990s and throughout the remainder of the decade there was a resurgence of dramatic first-run syndicated programs, many of them in the science fiction and fantasy fields, or adventure dramas with fantastic elements. Star Trek: The Next Generation debuted in 1987 and became one of the most-watched syndicated shows throughout its seven-year run. The next syndicated show that debuted in 1988 was War of the Worlds. Baywatch, which debuted in 1991 on NBC and was cancelled after one season also became one of the most-watched syndicated shows throughout its ten-year-run, garnering a worldwide audience. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine was also syndicated. Hercules: The Legendary Journeys and its spin-off series Xena: Warrior Princess helped build the audiences for such shows; Babylon 5 and Forever Knight drew devoted "cult" audiences; Psi Factor and Poltergeist: The Legacy attempted to draw on the audience for the FOX series The X-Files (as did, even less probably, the shortlived spinoff Baywatch Nights). Among the slightly less fantastic series were Relic Hunter and VIP, She Spies and Once a Thief. In 1997, Earth: Final Conflict, based on ideas from the late Gene Roddenberry, premiered in syndication. Three years later, a second Gene Roddenberry series, Andromeda also premiered in syndication. Shows featuring competition in one form or another, such as Star Search and American Gladiators, also enjoyed popularity in syndication around this time. The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... War of the Worlds is a television program that ran for two seasons, from 1988 to 1990. ... Baywatch was a popular American television series about the Los Angeles County Lifeguards who patrol the crowded beaches of Los Angeles County, California. ... NBC (an acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Space station Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (ST:DS9 or STDS9 or DS9 for short) is a science fiction television series produced by Paramount and set in the Star Trek universe. ... Hercules: The Legendary Journeys was a television series produced from 1995 to 1999, very loosely based on the tales of the classical culture hero Hercules. ... A spin-off in television is a new series which contains either characters or theme elements from an old series. ... Xena. ... Babylon 5 is an epic American science fiction television series created, produced, and largely written by J. Michael Straczynski. ... Forever Knight was a Canadian-German-American television series about Nick Knight, an 800-year-old vampire working as a detective in modern day Toronto. ... Psi Factor: Chronicles of the Paranormal was a Canadian sci-fi/drama television series which aired from 1996 to 2000. ... Poltergeist: The Legacy is a 1996 Canadian/American horror television series. ... For the animal, see Fox. ... For other uses, see The X-Files (disambiguation). ... Baywatch Nights was a spin-off from the popular television series, Baywatch. ... Relic Hunter is an American/Canadian television series, starring Tia Carrere and Christien Anholt. ... V.I.P. was an American syndicated television series than ran for four seasons from 1998 to 2002. ... She Spies cast (right to left): Williams, Henstridge and Miller. ... Once a Thief was a 1997 television show inspired by the 1996 film of the same name. ... Earth: Final Conflict is a science fiction television series posthumously created by Gene Roddenberry. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Gene Roddenberry Eugene Wesley Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American scriptwriter and producer. ... Gene Roddenberrys Andromeda is a science fiction television series, based on unused material by Gene Roddenberry developed by Robert Hewitt Wolfe, and produced posthumously by his widow, Majel Roddenberry. ... Star Search was a television show from 1983 to 1995 hosted by Ed McMahon, which also appeared as a remake in 2003-2004. ... American Gladiators was a syndicated TV show that premiered on September 16, 1989 and ended in May 1996. ...


Also in the 1980s, news programming of various sorts began to be offered widely to stations. Independent Network News, which was produced at WPIX studios in New York City, was a half-hour weekdaily program that ran for several years on independent stations; CNN would offer a package of its Headline News to broadcast stations later. Entertainment Tonight began its long and continuing run as a "soft" news daily strip, with a number of imitations following; and "tabloid" television, in the wake of ABC's 20/20 and, more immediately, FOX's A Current Affair, would become a syndication staple with such series as Extra and Real TV. Another area where network dominance was challenged by syndicated programming in the 1980s was in late-night talk shows; The Arsenio Hall Show was the first and only very successful one, but Alan Thicke's earlier shortlived Thicke of the Night, Lauren Hutton's innovatively-shot Lauren Hutton and..., and Dennis Miller, Whoopi Goldberg, David Brenner and Keenan Ivory Wayans attempted similar programs; the only syndicated latenight contender to fail as infamously in ratings and critical reception as CBS's The Pat Sajak Show and Fox's The Chevy Chase Show was Magic Johnson's The Magic Hour. WPIX (WB 11) is a television station in New York City. ... New York, NY redirects here. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Headline News is a spin-off network from the original Cable News Network (CNN) television news network in the United States and Canada. ... Entertainment Tonight is a daily television entertainment news show that is syndicated by CBS Paramount Domestic Television throughout the United States, Canada, on the Nine Network in Australia and on UBC Inside in Thailand. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... This article is about the television show. ... For the animal, see Fox. ... A Current Affair homepage A Current Affair is a television magazine that ran from 1986 to 1996 before reappearing in 2005. ... Extra may refer to: Extra (actor), an actor who has no role or purpose other than to appear in the background of a scene. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... The Arsenio Hall Show was a talk show, which aired on late night in syndication from 1989 to 1994. ... Alan Thicke (born Alan Jeffrey Thicke on March 1, 1947 in Kirkland Lake, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian actor, songwriter, game show host and talk-show emcee. ... Lauren Hutton (born November 17, 1943) is an American actress and model. ... Dennis Miller (born November 3, 1953, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American comedian, political commentator, television personality, and talk radio host. ... Whoopi Goldberg (born Caryn Elaine Silverstein, November 13, 1955),[1] is an American comedian, film actress and radio DJ. Goldberg is one of only a few individuals (including Barbra Streisand, Mel Brooks, Rita Moreno, Audrey Hepburn and Helen Hayes) who have won an Academy Award, a Tony, an Emmy, and... David Brenner (born February 4, 1936) is an American standup comedian, actor, author, and filmmaker. ... Keenen Ivory Wayans (born June 8, 1958 in New York City, New York, USA) is an American actor, comedian, director and writer. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Chevy Chase Cornelius Crane Chase, better known as Chevy Chase (born October 8, 1943) is an American comedian, writer and television and film actor from Woodstock, New York. ... “Earvin Johnson” redirects here. ... The Magic Hour was a talk show hosted by basketball legend Earvin Magic Johnson that debuted on June 8, 1998 on syndicated television. ...


As UPN and the WB began offering their affiliates ever-more nights of primetime programming, less call has been felt for first-run drama, at least, in the U.S.; much as with the closing of windows that provided opportunity for Ziv in the '50s and various producers in the early '70s. The more expensive dramatic projects are less attractive to syndicators (particularly when they might be sold, with somewhat less risk, to cable channels); "reality" series such as Cheaters and Maximum Exposure and several series about dating stunts began to be more common in the early 2000s. Some of the more low-key programs in this category were designed to appeal to children, such as Beakman's World, Animal Rescue and Jack Hanna's Animal Adventures. They were able to get significant clearance because of stricter FCC enforcement of rules on children's programming. The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, or sometimes as The Frog (referring to the networks former mascot, the animated character Michigan J. Frog), is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ... Beakmans World is an educational childrens television show produced by ELP Communications, Columbia Pictures Television, and Columbia TriStar Television Distribution. ... The FCCs official seal. ...


Several game shows are currently syndicated; the most popular by far are Wheel of Fortune and the latest incarnation of Jeopardy!, premiering in 1983 and 1984 respectively. The shows have been 1-2 or 1-3 in the syndication ratings consistently since at least the late-'80s. In fact, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, Wheel is the most popular syndicated television program not only in the United States, but worldwide as well. Family Feud ended its first syndication run in 1985; a revival was a moderate hit from 1988 to 1994 and still another revival has been airing since 1999. By far the most successful entry into the market in the 2000s has been the daily version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, premiering in 2002. New game show concepts (that is, not based on an existing or pre-existing format) are rarely tried and usually unsuccessful in syndication; Street Smarts was somewhat of an exception. A Hollywood Squares revival also thrived during the late-90s and early-2000s, running six seasons until its 2004 cancellation. This article is about the television genre. ... This article discusses the current version of the U.S. game show. ... Jeopardy! is a popular international television quiz game show, originally devised by Merv Griffin, who also created Wheel of Fortune. ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ... It has been suggested that Family Feud Broadcast History (United States), Family Feud in popular culture, Family Feud rules and production, Family Feud around the world be merged into this article or section. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... In the United States, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire (also known simply as Millionaire) is a television game show which offers a maximum cash prize of $1,000,000 for correctly answering 15 successive multiple-choice questions of increasing difficulty. ... Streetwise has a number of different meanings: wisdom in a particular subject; knowledge of youth culture, also called Street; practical knowledge, as opposed to ivory tower or bookish knowledge, knowledge on how to succeed through life, or generally how to avoid the pitfalls; it can be used in a euphemistic... The Hollywood Squares title screen The Hollywood Squares was an American television comedy and game show in which two contestants play tic-tac-toe to win money and prizes. ...


The dominant form of first-run syndication in the US for the last three decades has been the "stripped" talk show, such as Donahue, Oprah Winfrey, The Tyra Banks Show, and The Jerry Springer Show. In many markets, a stripped show will be seen twice daily, usually with different episodes. Sometimes, station groups with more than one station in a market, or a "duopoly," will run one episode of a strip on one of their stations in the morning, and the other available episode on another of their stations that night. Phil Donahue Phillip John Donahue (born December 21, 1935 in Cleveland, Ohio) is the creator and star of The Phil Donahue Show, also known as Donahue, the first of the syndicated talk shows where the host walks through the audience to let audience members make comments and ask questions. ... Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... The Tyra Banks Show is an American daytime talk show hosted by former supermodel and Americas Next Top Model creator Tyra Banks. ... The Jerry Springer Show (first aired September 20, 1991) is an internationally known television tabloid talk show, hosted by Jerry Springer, a former politician. ... A true duopoly is a form of oligopoly where only two producers exist in a market. ...


Meanwhile, the popularity of some of the audience-participation talk shows continues to encourage new participants, some of whom, such as Morton Downey, Jr. and Rosie O'Donnell, have brief periods of impressive ratings and influence; others, such as Oprah Winfrey and Maury Povich, have a sustained run. A notable scheduling decision was made by KRON-TV in San Francisco; a dispute with NBC led to their disaffiliation from the network, and since all the other larger networks were already represented in San Francisco, KRON decided to become the largest-market independent commercial station on the VHF band in the US, with the exception of Los Angeles's Viacom-owned KCAL (coincidentally once owned by KRON's current owners, Young Broadcasting), and soon tried running Dr. Phil, a popular new stripped series hosted by Winfrey-associate Phil McGraw, in primetime, with impressive ratings results. Morton Downey, Jr. ... Roseann Teresa ODonnell (born March 21, 1962 in Bayside, Queens, New York) is an Emmy-award winning American talk show host, television personality, comedian, film, television, and stage actress. ... KRON is an independent television station in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Very high frequency (VHF) is the radio frequency range from 30 MHz (wavelength 10 m) to 300 MHz (wavelength 1 m). ... This page is about the post-2005 Viacom. ... This article is about the TV series. ...


While in earlier times, independent TV stations thrived on syndicated programming (including some venerable and quite profitable stations such as KMSP in the Minneapolis-St. Paul market), with the loosening of FCC regulations and the creation of new additional TV networks (Fox, The CW, MyNetworkTV and i), most of these independents have joined one or another of these or smaller (religious or low-budget) networks. KMSP-TV (FOX9) is a broadcast television station serving the Twin Cities market of Minnesota and western Wisconsin in the United States, broadcasting on channel 9 (26 digital). ... A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ... For the animal, see Fox. ... “The CW” redirects here. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is a television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation. ... . The initial letter is shown capitalized due to technical restrictions. ...


Off-network syndication

It is commonly said in the U.S. industry that "syndication is where the real money is" when producing a TV show. In other words, while the initial run of any particular television series may theoretically lose money for its producing studio, the ensuing syndication will generate enough profit to balance out any losses.


Off-network syndication occurs when a network television show is syndicated in packages containing some or all episodes, and sold to as many television stations/markets as possible. Sitcoms (short for "situation comedies") often do better in syndication than some dramatic shows due to the fact that most sitcoms have few ongoing storylines; a viewer can tune into many half-hour sitcoms without worrying about having missed the last episode. With some dramatic series, missing an episode can throw off the viewer, even if the episode itself is a self-contained story. Moreover, syndicators and stations often will run episodes of some series out-of-order to satisfy other requirements at the expense of viewer satisfaction; this is less costly for sitcoms than other shows with more pronounced serial elements. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ...


As an example of off-network syndication, the comedy show Seinfeld ran on the NBC television network from 1989 to 1998. Sony/Columbia Pictures syndicated the show to local TV stations in 99% of the markets in the country in 1994, the year that the show entered the top 10 list of network shows, and it became the most successfully syndicated rerun ever. In 1998, TBS bought cable rights to all 180 episodes of the show for 4 years, paying somewhere between US$120 million and US$180 million. Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning United States based television sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of nine seasons. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Turner Broadcasting System logo The Turner Broadcasting System (often abbreviated to Turner or TBS) is the company managing the collection of cable networks and properties started by Ted Turner from the mid-1970s to the late-1990s. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...


Syndication has been known to spur the popularity of a series that only experienced moderate success during its original network run. The most notable example of this is Star Trek, which ran for three seasons on NBC from 1966 to 1969, but became a worldwide cult phenomenon after it entered off-network syndication, the success of which ultimately led to the Star Trek film series and the made-for-syndication revival Star Trek: The Next Generation and three other series. Other off-network shows have run for decades in syndication, such as the 1950s sitcoms I Love Lucy and The Honeymooners, and the 1960s animated series The Flintstones. The starship Enterprise as it appeared on Star Trek Star Trek is a culturally significant science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry in the 1960s. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... I Love Lucy, a CBS television sitcom that aired in the 1950s, was the most popular American sitcom of its generation and an unprecedented phenomenon -- in its second season, for example, its average ratings were a never-surpassed record of nearly seventy percent, compared to about 30 percent for the... For the film, see The Honeymooners (2005 film). ... The Flintstones is an American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. ...


Cable stations have been known to vie among themselves for off-net syndication; in 2006, episodes of the series Full House were appearing on two cable channels (ABC Family and Nick at Nite); Roseanne likewise was visible on multiple cable channels. Other series seen on multiple cable channels simultaneously were often being shared by channels which had the same corporate owners. Full House is a popular American television sitcom that ran from 1987 to 1995 on the ABC network. ... ABC Family is an American cable television network currently owned by Disney/ABC. // For all programming past and present see: List of programs shown on ABC Family Original programming Beautiful People Falcon Beach Greek (A New TV Show set to air in 2007) Kyle XY Lincoln Heights Wildfire Syndicated programs... Nick at Nite is an evening programming block broadcast over Nickelodeon from 9 PM – 6 AM Eastern and Pacific Standard Time. ... Roseanne was an American sitcom which aired on ABC from 1988 to 1997, starring stand-up comedian Roseanne Barr. ...


In recent years, more and more fee plugs have appeared during off-network syndication non-game shows such as Seinfeld and CSI. Some of these fees charged pay for the distribution and editing of these shows for syndication, while others pay for closed captioning and promotional consideration. CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ...


In any event, the amount of stations airing syndicated shows depends on which station in a particular market airs a particular show.


Sometimes, how a program is acquired for syndication varies. In the case of shows syndicated by King World, stations loyal to the company generally have first choice on any program King World offers. For example, Sacramento, California's KXTV is a charter affiliate of King World, and is offered first choice in the Sacramento/Stockton/Modesto market on King World's programming, and thus has first right of refusal (this is despite King World parent CBS owning both KOVR and KMAX in the same market)--for example, KXTV passed on the local syndicated rights to CSI, so King World offered it to other stations in the market in order of importance (this is generally the rule of thumb for all available television markets). For other shows syndicated by other companies, the syndication rights may be auctioned off to the highest bidder in a particular market. Nickname: River City Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ... KXTV, News10 is an ABC affiliate in Sacramento, California. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... KOVR (CBS13) is the CBS owned-and-operated television station (O&O) in Sacramento, California. ... KMAX is the root callsign of: KMAX (AM) in Washington State KMAX-TV in Sacramento KMAX is also the stage name of dc Talk member and solo artist Kevin Max. ...


The rise in popularity of infomercials in the 1980s and 1990s has resulted in a marked decresae in the number of older off-network syndicated series being aired by American and Canadian broadcasters, many of which now air paid programming such as infomercials during the overnight hours formerly occupied by old series reruns. Infomercials are television commercials that run as long as a typical television program (roughly thirty minutes or an hour). ...


Strip/daily syndication

Off-network syndication can take several forms. The most common form is known as strip syndication or daily syndication, when episodes of a television series are shown daily five times a week. Typically, this means that enough episodes must exist to allow for continual strip syndication to take place over the course of several months, without episodes being shown again. If a small number of episodes exist, the entire run of the series can be shown in a matter of weeks. As explained by David Crane (creator and executive producer of Friends), "A show will go in syndication for sure when it has reached its 5th year or 100th episode. If a Network Show only runs for 2 years or so there is usually no demand for syndication." But as you can read below, there are exceptions. Stripping is an industry term used to refer to the practice of running a syndicated television series every day of the week. ... Friends. ...


For example, the sitcom The Honeymooners ran in syndication for decades despite having produced only 39 episodes during its original one-season run (19551956). When shown in strip syndication, the entire series run could have been broadcast in seven weeks and four days. (Beginning in 1985, Jackie Gleason released additional episodes consisting of Honeymooners sketches which had originally aired as part of The Jackie Gleason Show and eventually became part of the Honeymooners syndication package.) Seinfeld had 180 episodes and thus could be aired in strip syndication for 36 weeks without repeating an episode, if one episode was shown daily. Another option common in Children's programming is the 65-episode block, which allows for a 13-week cycle of daily showings, so there will only be 4 repeats in a year. For the film, see The Honeymooners (2005 film). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert John Jackie Gleason (February 26, 1916 - June 24, 1987) was American comedian and actor. ... The Jackie Gleason Show was a popular television variety show that starred Jackie Gleason and ran in a variety of incarnations, from 1952 to 1970. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning United States based television sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of nine seasons. ...


In some cases, more than one episode is shown daily. Half-hour sitcoms are sometimes syndicated in groups of two or four episodes, taking up one or two hours of broadcast time.


Weekly syndication

If a series is not strip syndicated, it may be aired once a week, instead of five times a week. This allows shows with fewer episodes to last long in syndication, but it also may mean viewers will tire of waiting a week for the next episode of a show they have already seen and stop watching. More often, hourlong dramas in their first several runs in syndication are offered weekly; sitcoms are more likely to get stripped. In recent years there has been something of a trend toward showing two consecutive episodes of a program on Saturday and Sunday nights after prime time (generally following the local news). This pattern has been particularly prominent for shows which are still in production but have run long enough to have many episodes; both ER and The West Wing are currently being shown in this manner, as The X-Files was during and immediately after its network run. A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... Prime time is the block of programming on television during the middle of the evening. ... ER is a long-running, award winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see The X-Files (disambiguation). ...


The CSI franchise, specifically the original and its Miami spinoff, both air in weekend timeslots, and the original is advertised on commercials as "CSI: Weekends". In fall-2006, other popular nighttime dramas, such as Without a Trace and The Shield appeared in weekend reruns, with Cold Case scheduled for fall-2007. CSI may stand for: Crime Scene Investigation, a term for forensics CSI: Crime Scene Investigation , a popular television show about forensic scientists CSI: Miami, a spin-off show of the above CSI: NY, another spin-off of the above CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (computer game), a spin-off game CSI... Without a Trace is an American television show set in New York City. ... The Shield is an American police-drama television series shown on FX Networks in the U.S. and other networks internationally. ... For the A&E TV show, see Cold Case Files. ...


Weekly syndicated reruns, since 1997:

For other uses, see The X-Files (disambiguation). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... NYPD Blue was a long-running American television police drama set in New York City. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ER is a long-running, award winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... this refers to the US sitcom – for other uses see Cosby (disambiguation) Cosby was a American situation comedy television series broadcast on CBS Television from 1996 to 2000. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Early Edition was a television series on CBS that ran from September 28, 1996 to May 27, 2000. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Practice (March 4, 1997 - May 16, 2004) was an ABC legal drama created by David E. Kelley centering on the partners and associates at a Boston, Massachusetts law firm. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The West Wing may refer to: The West Wing, a television drama set in the West Wing of the White House The West Wing of the White House, the location of the Oval Office and offices for senior members of the Executive Office of the President of the United States... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CSI may stand for: Crime Scene Investigation, a term for forensics CSI: Crime Scene Investigation , a popular television show about forensic scientists CSI: Miami, a spin-off show of the above CSI: NY, another spin-off of the above CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (computer game), a spin-off game CSI... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Roman war against Numidia and Mauretania ends. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Da Vincis Inquest is a Canadian dramatic television series, which aired on the CBC from 1998 to 2005. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Shield is an American police-drama television series shown on FX Networks in the U.S. and other networks internationally. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Cold Squad is a Canadian crime series devoted to the investigations of a group of Vancouver police detectives specializing in cold cases, led by Detective-Sergeant Ali McCormick(Julie Stewart). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the A&E TV show, see Cold Case Files. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...

Canadian dramas

In fall-2005, the Canadian series Da Vinci's Inquest made its rounds in weekend syndication, and appears daily on WGN-TV. The following year, Cold Squad, another Canadian drama, appeared in weekend syndication. Da Vincis Inquest is a Canadian dramatic television series, which aired on the CBC from 1998 to 2005. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Cold Squad is a Canadian crime series devoted to the investigations of a group of Vancouver police detectives specializing in cold cases, led by Detective-Sergeant Ali McCormick(Julie Stewart). ...


Public-broadcasting syndication

As with commercial stations, not all the air time nor all the perceived audience are met by the productions offered U.S. public-broadcasting stations by PBS; additionally, there are some independent public stations in the U.S. which take no programming from that (somewhat) decentralized network. As a result, there are several syndicators of programming for the non-profit stations, several of which are descendants of the regional station groups which combined some, not all, of their functions into the creation of PBS in 1969. American Public Television (APT) is the largest of these, nearly matched by NETA, the National Educational Telecommunications Association; similarly, the recently defunct Continental Program Marketing was another of the syndicator-descendants (of the Northeastern, Southeastern, and Rocky Mountain educational networks, respectively) of the pre-PBS era. Among the other notable organizations in the U.S. are Westlink Satellite Operations (based at Albuquerque's KNME), BBC Worldwide Americas (which often works with other distributors and individual stations, since it has no satellite access of its own in the U.S.), Deutsche Welle, Executive Program Services, the Program Resource Group and its member-station WLIW, Long Island, NY's PBS station, which is (with the arguable exception of KNME) the most prolific contributor of any individual station of syndicated programming, most obviously the BBC World News, Doctor Who and Monty Python's Flying Circus in the U.S. For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... American Public Television (APT) is a distributor and source of programming for public television stations in the United States and networks worldwide. ... Neta (ネタ) is the concept of material that is brought to a conversation. ... This article is about the German international broadcaster. ... WLIW is a Long Island PBS affiliate that serves the New York City area. ... BBC World News ident, currently used after relaunch in December 2003. ... Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme (and 1996 television movie) produced by the BBC about the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor, who explores time and space with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... This article discusses the series itself. ...


Radio syndication

Radio syndication generally works the same way as in television, except that radio stations usually are not organized into strict affiliate-only networks. Radio networks generally are only distributors of programming, and individual stations (though often owned by large conglomerates) decide which shows to carry. Some examples of widely-syndicated commercial music programs include weekly countdowns like Rick Dees' Weekly Top 40, the American Top 40, the Canadian Hit 30 Countdown, and the nightly program, Delilah, heard on many U.S. stations. RadioLinx is a company that specializes in the placement of syndicated shows to radio stations in all formats (www.radio-linx.com). A radio station is an audio (sound) broadcasting service, traditionally broadcast through the air as radio waves (a form of electromagnetic radiation) from a transmitter to an antenna and a thus to a receiving device. ... A radio network is a network system which distributes programming to multiple stations simultaneously, or slightly delayed, for the purpose of extending total coverage beyond the limits of a single broadcast signal. ... Conglomerate is: A large, diversified company with a wide array of businesses; see Conglomerate (company), Holding company. ... A countdown is the backward counting to indicate the seconds, days, etc. ... Rigdon Ogden Rick Dees III (born March 14, 1950 in Jacksonville, Florida) is a radio disc jockey who currently lives in the San Fernando Valley community of Toluca Lake in Los Angeles, California, USA. Dees is best known for his syndicated radio show Rick Dees Weekly Top 40 and for... American Top 40 (commonly abbreviated to AT40) is an independent internationally-syndicated radio program currently hosted by Ryan Seacrest. ... The Canadian Hit 30 Countdown, often abbreviated CH30, is a Canadian radio countdown show. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


National Public Radio, Public Radio International, and American Public Media all sell programming to local public radio member stations in the U.S., in contrast to true public radio networks like Canada's CBC, which owns all of its stations. Two independently-produced, non-commercial syndicated programs, heard on hundreds of community radio and indie radio stations, are Alternative Radio and Pacifica's Democracy Now!. Offical NPR logo National Public Radio (NPR) is an independent, private, non-profit membership organization of public radio stations in the United States. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a not-for-profit corporation based in the United States founded in 1983 to develop non-commercial audio programming for public radio and other audio venues. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... CBC Radio is the English language radio division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... This is the list of indie radio stations. ... Alternative Radio is an internationally syndicated, 1-hour, weekly radio program, featuring interviews with progressive thinkers. ... Pacifica Radio Network. ... Democracy Now! logo. ...


International syndication

Syndication also applies to international markets. Same language countries often syndicate programs too each other- such as programs from the United Kingdom being syndicated to Australia and vica-verca. Another example would be programs from the United Kingdom, Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina being syndicated to local TV stations in the United States, and programs from the United States being syndicated elsewhere in the world.


One of the best-known internationally syndicated television series has been The Muppet Show, which was produced in the United Kingdom and shown on ITV, and appeared around the world, including the United States, where it aired in syndication, and Canada, where CBC aired the show. Many soaps, and long running series are also successfully syndicated around the globe. The Muppet Show was a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand-operated puppets, typically with oversized eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ...


Colombian, Brazilian, Mexican and Venezuelan telenovelas are programmed throughout the Portuguese and Spanish-speaking world and even in India, China and Europe. It has been suggested that Drama Serial (Philippines) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ...


See also

100 episodes is considered to be the general threshold at which point a television series produced for the United States becomes viable for syndication. ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ... Syndication Exclusivity also known as SyndEx is a Federal Law designed to protect a local television stations rights to syndicated television programs by granting exclusive rights to the station for that program in the local market. ...

Sources


 
 

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