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Encyclopedia > Broadcast Music Incorporated

Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI) is a collecting society that protects composers' intellectual property in the communications business, especially radio. It was founded by the broadcasters as a rival to ASCAP, the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers, which was boycotting radio at the time in 1944. A Copyright collective (also known as a copyright collecting agency or collecting society) is a body created by private agreements or by copyright law that collects royalty payments from various individuals and groups for copyright holders. ... In law, particularly in common law jurisdictions, intellectual property or IP refers to a legal entitlement which sometimes attaches to the expressed form of an idea, or to some other intangible subject matter. ... The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an organization known as a collecting society that protects intellectual property, ensuring that music which is broadcast, commercially recorded, or otherwise used for profit, pays a fee to compensate the creators of that music. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Both BMI and ASCAP, as well as other organizations like SESAC monitor performances of the music to which they control the rights, and collect and distribute royalties.


BMI has historically been more open to composers of rock and roll, jazz, folk music, blues, and country music who sing and play their own music, while ASCAP has been more identified with non-performing professional songwriters from Hollywood, Broadway and Tin Pan Alley. Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Jazz is a musical art form characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ... For the emotional state, see Depression (mood). ... Country music, formerly called country and western music or country-western, is a popular musical form developed in the southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, spirituals, and the blues. ... ... Broadway theatre is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. ... Tin Pan Alley was the name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States of America in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. ...


The ASCAP recording ban and the establishment of BMI are markers of the beginning of the revolution in music that led to turning out the established respectable music of the 1930s and 1940s and its replacement by the popular forms that began to dominate music in the late 1940s and on into the 1950s and 1960s. Broadcasters preferred playing tunes for which they already controlled the performing rights and thus paying themselves and not ASCAP. // Events and trends The 1930s were spent struggling for a solution to the global depression. ... // Events and trends The 1940s were dominated by World War II, the most destructive armed conflict in history. ... // Events and trends The 1940s were dominated by World War II, the most destructive armed conflict in history. ... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the... The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ...


Quotation

"I'm a lover not a fighter, I'm a BMI songwriter" -- Ray Stevens, "PFC Rhythm and Blues Jones"

Ray Stevens (born Harold Ray Ragsdale on January 24, 1939 in Clarkdale, Georgia, now part of Decatur), is an American country music and pop singer-songwriter known for his novelty songs. ...

External link

  • http://www.bmi.com/

 
 

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