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Encyclopedia > British and Irish Lions
British and Irish Lions
Unions Irish Rugby Football Union
Rugby Football Union
Scottish Rugby Union
Welsh Rugby Union
Nickname(s) Lions
Coach Flag of England Clive Woodward (2005 tour)
Captain Flag of Ireland Brian O'Driscoll (2005 tour)
Most caps Flag of Ireland Willie John McBride (17)
Most appearances Flag of Ireland Willie John McBride (71)
Top scorer Flag of Scotland Andy Irvine (274)
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
First match
Otago 3 - 8 Great Britain
(28 April 1888)
Largest win
Manawatu 6 - 109 British & Irish Lions
(28 June 2005)
Worst defeat
New Zealand 38 - 6 Lions
(16 July 1983)
Flag of England Flag of Ireland Flag of Scotland Flag of Wales

The British and Irish Lions (until 2001 known as the British Isles Rugby Union Team) rugby union side comprises a pick of the best players from England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Rugby union circles refer to these four international Rugby Unions collectively as the "Home Nations" and therefore sometimes refer to the Lions team as a "Home Nations" team. Lions selectors can also pick uncapped players available to one of the four home unions, but in recent years this has rarely occurred. First international New Zealand 6 - 14 Great Britain (Headingley, England; 18 January 1908) Biggest win Fiji 4 - 72 Great Britain (Suva, Fiji; October 1996) Biggest defeat Australia 64 - 10 Great Britain (Sydney, Australia; July 2002) World Cup Appearances 9 (First in 1954) Best result Winners, 1954; 1960; 1972 Great Britain... Official Lions 2005 logo, as seen on official website This work is copyrighted. ... The Irish Rugby Football Union (IRFU) is the body managing rugby union in Ireland. ... The Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the rugby union governing body in England. ... Logo of Scottish Rugby Union The Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) is the governing body of rugby union in Scotland. ... The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: ) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Sir Clive Ronald Woodward, CBE (born 6 January 1956 at Ely in Cambridgeshire) is a former English rugby union international who was the coach of the England rugby union team from 1997 to 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Brian Gerald ODriscoll (born 21 January 1979) is an Irish professional rugby union player. ... A cap is an appearance for a select team, such as a school, county or international team in sports. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Willie John McBride, MBE is an Irish rugby player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Willie John McBride, MBE is an Irish rugby player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Andy Irvine was a Scottish rugby player, and is currently president of the Scottish Rugby Union (SRU). ... Image File history File links left arm of kit template File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... body of kit template File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam AZ Alkmaar A.S. Roma Torino Calcio A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Bristol City F.C. Charlton Athletic F.C. Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. England national football team Wikipedia:WikiProject Football... rightarm of kit template File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam AZ Alkmaar A.S. Roma Torino Calcio A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Bristol City F.C. Charlton Athletic F.C. Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. England national football team Wikipedia:WikiProject Football... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Kit_socks_Lions. ... ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Manawatu Rugby Union (MRU) is the governing body of Rugby in the Manawatu rugby province. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Blacks are the national rugby union representative team of New Zealand. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... First international (also the worlds first) Scotland 4–1 England (27 March 1871) Largest win England 134–0 Romania (17 November 2001) Worst defeat Australia 76–0 England (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4 - 1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  Scotland 100 - 8 Japan  (13 November 2004) Worst defeat  Scotland 10 - 68 South Africa  (6 December 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Semi-finals, 1991 The Scotland national rugby union... First international  England 30 – 0 Wales  (19 February 1881) Largest win  Japan 0 – 98 Wales  (26 November 2004) Worst defeat  South Africa 96 – 13 Wales  (27 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6/6 (First in 1987) Best result Third 1987 The Wales national rugby union team represent Wales in international... Home Nations (often written as the common noun home nations) is a term used to refer to the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom — England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland — collectively but as separate entities, distinct from the United Kingdom as a state. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Combined rugby union sides from the then United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland toured in the Southern Hemisphere from 1888 onwards. The first tour took place as a commercial venture, made without official backing, but the six subsequent visits that took place prior to the 1910 South Africa tour (the first selected by a committee from the four Home Unions) enjoyed a growing degree of support from the authorities, although only one of these included representatives of all four nations. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... This article is about the historical state called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1927). ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ...


The International Olympic Committee does not generally allow non-sovereign nations to compete in Olympic Games.[1] But UK teams competed several times at the rugby union competitions in the Olympics in 1900 and in 1908. This did not form part of the Lions tradition. The Summer Olympics last included rugby union in 1924. Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... A postcard of the rugby event at the 1924 Olympics. ... The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad are an international multi-sport event usually Quadrennial, organised by the International Olympic Committee. ...


The 1950s proved a golden age for Lions rugby, although only in the 1970s did style begin to match the substance of victory in New Zealand and South Africa. Originally, poorly-organised Lions teams regularly suffered defeat at the hands of their hosts, but by 1955 the tourists took the matches seriously enough to obtain a 2-2 draw in South Africa. The 1970s saw a renaissance for the side. The last tour of the amateur age took place in 1993. Three tours have happened since. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Amateur. ...

Contents

Naming and symbols

The team historically used the name British Isles. On their 1950 tour of New Zealand and Australia they also adopted the nickname British Lions after the lion emblem on their jerseys. Since the 2001 tour of Australia they have used the name British and Irish Lions. The team adopted this latest name to take account of the fact that the Republic of Ireland has not formed a part of the UK since 1922; in addition nationalists in most parts of Ireland object to any implication of "Britishness". (Some have criticised this change as exhibiting unnecessary political correctness, arguing that the term "British Isles" has a geographic meaning and carries no political overtones.[2] However for many Irish people[3] the term "British Isles" does carry political overtones, and and some people[who?] have seen the name "British Lions" as excluding Ireland.) Most rugby-union fans simply refer to the team as the Lions. This article explains the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... The 2001 British and Irish Lions tour to Australia. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ... This article explains the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... This article explains the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... It has been suggested that British Isles#Names of the islands through the ages be merged into this article or section. ...


The Lions do not represent a nation-state, and as such they do not relate to any national flag or other national symbols, and they do not have a national anthem. For the 2005 tour to New Zealand the Lions directorate specially commissioned a song, "The Power of Four", although it met with little support amongst Lions fans at the matches, and even the players seemed not to know the words. The status of the song on future tours remains uncertain. The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... The Power of Four is a joint anthem for the four Home Nations of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland (where Ireland refers to both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland). ...


The Lions first wore their traditional colours on the 1930 tour: red jerseys, white shorts, blue socks and green stocking-tops, to represent each of the four Home Unions (Wales, England, Scotland and Ireland respectively).


History

1888 - 1909

Shaw & Shrewsbury Team, 1888, The first British or Irish touring rugby team, a private-enterprise trip to Australia and New Zealand
Shaw & Shrewsbury Team, 1888, The first British or Irish touring rugby team, a private-enterprise trip to Australia and New Zealand
Despite its label as an England side, the team which toured South Africa in 1891 contained several Scots. (People often referred to pre-1930s[citation needed] Britain as "England".)
England v Cape Colony, 1891. The first match of the Bill MacLagan undefeated tour of South Africa
England v Cape Colony, 1891. The first match of the Bill MacLagan undefeated tour of South Africa

The earliest Lions tours date back to 1888, when a 21-man squad visited Australia and New Zealand. The squad drew players from England, Scotland and Wales, though English players predominated. The 35-match tour of two host nations included no tests, but the side played provincial, city and academic sides, winning 27 matches. They played 21 games of Australian rules football, against prominent clubs in Victoria and South Australia, and won six of these (see Australian rules football in England). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... VIC redirects here. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Australian rules football in England is a team and spectator sport with a long but obscure history and has grown since 1989 to several amateur leagues. ...


The first tour, although unsanctioned by rugby bodies, had established the notion of touring Northern Hemisphere sporting sides to Southern Hemisphere locations. Three years after the first tour, the Western Province union invited rugby bodies in Britain to tour South Africa. Some saw the 1891 team — the first sanctioned by the Rugby Football Union — as the English rugby team, though others referred to it (and rightly so) as "the British Isles". The tourists played a total of twenty matches, three of them tests. The team also played the regional side of South Africa (South Africa did not exist as a political unit in 1891), winning all three matches. In a notable event of the tour, the touring side presented the Currie Cup to Griqualand West, the province they thought produced the best performance on the tour. Northern hemisphere highlighted in yellow. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... The Western Province, are a South African rugby union team that participates in the annual Currie Cup tournament. ... The Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the rugby union governing body in England. ... First international (also the worlds first) Scotland 4–1 England (27 March 1871) Largest win England 134–0 Romania (17 November 2001) Worst defeat Australia 76–0 England (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... For the cricket competition originally known as the Currie Cup, see SuperSport Series. ... The Griqua are a subgroup of South Africas Coloured population, descended from an admixture of European settlers and the Khoisan peoples they encountered on their initial arrival at the Cape. ...


Five years later a British Isles side returned to South Africa. They played one extra match on this tour, making the total of 21 games, including four tests against South Africa, with the British Isles winning three of them. The squad had a notable Irish orientation, with the Irish national team contributing six players to the 21-man squad.


In 1899 the British Isles touring side returned to Australia for the first time since the unofficial tour of 1888. The squad of 23 for the first time ever had players from each of the home nations. The team again participated in 21 matches, playing state teams as well as northern Queensland sides and Victorian teams. A four-test series took place against Australia, the tourists winning three out of the four. For other uses, see Queensland (disambiguation). ... VIC redirects here. ...


Four years later, in 1903, the British and Irish team returned to South Africa. The opening performance of the side proved disappointing from the tourists' point of view, with defeats in its opening three matches by Western Province sides in Cape Town. From then on the team experienced mixed results, though more wins than losses. The side lost the test series to South Africa, drawing twice, but with the South Africans winning the decider 8 to nil. Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area [2]  - Total 2,454. ...


No more than twelve months passed before the British and Irish team ventured to Australia and New Zealand in 1904. The tourists devastated the Australian teams, winning every single game. Australia also lost all three tests to the visitors, even getting held to a stand-still in two of the three games. Though the New Zealand leg of the tour did not take long in comparison to the number of Australian games, the British and Irish experienced considerable difficulty across the Tasman after white-washing the Australians. The team managed two early wins before losing the test to New Zealand and only winning one more game as well as drawing once. Despite their difficulties in New Zealand the tour proved a raging success on-field for the British and Irish.


In 1908 another tour took place to Australia and New Zealand. In a reversal of previous practice, the planners allocated more matches in New Zealand rather than in Australia: perhaps the strength of the New Zealand teams and the heavy defeats of all Australian teams on the previous tour influenced this decision. Some commentators thought that this tour hoped to reach out to rugby communities in Australia, as rugby league (infamously) started in Australia in 1908. The Anglo-Welsh side (Irish and Scottish unions did not participate) performed well in all the non-test matches, but drew a test against New Zealand and lost the other two.


1910 - 1949

Visits that took place prior to the 1910 South Africa tour (the first selected by a committee from the four Home Unions) had enjoyed a growing degree of support from the authorities, although only one of these included representatives of all four nations. The 1910 tour to South Africa marked the official beginning of British and Irish rugby tours: the inaugural tour operating under all four unions. The team performed moderately against the non-test parties, claiming victories in just over half their matches. The test series, however, went to South Africa, who won two of the three games. A side managed by Oxford University — supposedly the England rugby team but actually including three Scottish players — toured Argentina at the time: the people of Argentina termed it the "Combined British". The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... First international (also the worlds first) Scotland 4–1 England (27 March 1871) Largest win England 134–0 Romania (17 November 2001) Worst defeat Australia 76–0 England (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents...


A wait of fourteen years would ensue until another British Isles team tour took place, again in South Africa. The team struggled with injuries and lost all four tests (a game against the Western Province had test status). This tour may have marked the occasion when the team first became known as "the Lions".


In 1927 a short nine-game series took place in Argentina, with the Lions winning all nine encounters; the tour did however become a financial success for Argentinian rugby. After a seemingly long absence from New Zealand, the Lions returned in 1930 to some success. The Lions won all of their games that did not have test status except for the matches against Auckland, Wellington and Canterbury; they did however lose all of their test matches against the All Blacks. The side also visited Australia, losing a test but winning five out of the six non-test games. For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... Canterbury is a cathedral city in east Kent in South East England and is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Primate of All England, head of the Church of England and of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ...


In 1936 the Lions visited Argentina, winning all ten of their matches and only conceding nine points in the whole tour. Two years later the Lions toured in South Africa, winning more than half of their normal matches. Despite having lost the test series to South Africa by game three, the Lions won the final test.


1950 - 1969

The first post-war tour went to New Zealand and Australia in 1950. The Lions, sporting newly redesigned jerseys and displaying a fresh style of play, managed to win 22 and draw one of 29 matches over the two nations. The Lions won the opening four fixtures before losing to Otago and Southland, but succeeded in holding the All Blacks to a nine-all draw. The Lions performed well in the remaining All Black tests though they lost all three, the team did not lose another non-test in the New Zealand leg of the tour. The Lions won all their games in Australia except for their final fixture against a New South Wales XV in Newcastle. They won both of the two tests against Australia, in Brisbane and in Sydney. Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ... NSW redirects here. ... Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, is an industrial port city 160km north of Sydney, on the mouth of the Hunter River. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ...


The 1955 tour to South Africa proved arguably just as successful — or even more successful — than the previous tour that had taken place five years earlier. The Lions left with another imposing record, one draw and 19 wins from the 25 fixtures. The four-test series against South Africa, a thrilling affair, ended in a drawn series.


The 1959 tour to Australia and New Zealand marked once again a very successful tour for the Lions, who only lost six of their 35 fixtures. The Lions easily won both tests against Australia and lost the first three tests against the All Blacks, but did find victory in the final test.


After the glittering decade of the 1950s, the first tour of the 1960s proved not nearly as successful as previous ones. The 1962 tour to South Africa saw the Lions still win 16 of their 25 games, but did not fair well against the Springboks, losing three of the four tests. For the 1966 tour to Australia and New Zealand John Robins became the first Lions Coach, and the trip started off very well for the Lions, who stormed through Australia, winning five non-tests and drawing one; and most notably defeating Australia in two tests as well. The Lions however experienced mixed results during the New Zealand leg of the tour, as well as losing all of the tests against the All Blacks. The Lions also played a test against Canada on their way home, winning 19 to 8 in Toronto. The 1968 tour of South Africa saw the Lions win 15 of their 16 provincial matches, but the team actually lost three tests against the Springboks and drew one. First international South Africa 4 - 0 British Isles (30 July 1891) Largest win South Africa  134 - 3  Uruguay (11 June 2005) Worst defeat  England 53 - 3 South Africa  (23rd November, 2002) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1995) Best result Champions, 1995 and 2007 Springboks redirects here. ... John Robins was an international rugby union player who attained 11 caps for Wales between 1950 and 1953. ... First international South Africa 4 - 0 British Isles (30 July 1891) Largest win South Africa  134 - 3  Uruguay (11 June 2005) Worst defeat  England 53 - 3 South Africa  (23rd November, 2002) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1995) Best result Champions, 1995 and 2007 Springboks redirects here. ...


1970 - 1979

The 1970s saw a renaissance for the Lions. The 1971 team, centred around the skilled Welsh half-back pairing of Gareth Edwards and Barry John, secured a series win over the All Blacks. The tour started with a loss to Queensland but proceeded to storm through the next provincinal fixtures, winning 11 games in a row. The Lions then went on to defeat the All Blacks in Dunedin. The Lions would only lose a single match on the rest of the tour, and won the test series against New Zealand, winning and drawing the last two games, to take the series two wins to one. Gareth Edwards, born 12 July 1947 in Pontardawe, Wales, is a former Welsh rugby union footballer who plays scrum-half, considered by many to be the greatest player in the history of the game. ... Barry John (born 6 January 1945 in Cefneithin, Wales) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, considered by many to be the greatest fly-half in the sports history. ... For other uses, see Queensland (disambiguation). ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ...


Arguably the best-known and most successful Lions team toured South Africa in 1974 under the esteemed Irish forward Willie John McBride. It went through 22 games unbeaten, and triumphed 3-0 (with one drawn) in the test series. The test series was beset by violence. The management of the Lions concluded that the Springboks dominated their opponents with physical aggression. At that time, in test matches the referee was from the home nation, there were only substitutions if a doctor agreed that a player was physically unable to continue and there were no video cameras and sideline officials to keep actions such as punching, kicking, and head-butting to a minimum. The Lions decided "to get their retaliation in first" with the infamous '99 call' (99 is a shortening of 999 which in Britain and Ireland is the phone number for the emergency services such as the police, ambulance or fire brigade). The idea was that a South African referee would be unlikely to send off all of the Lions if they all retaliated against "blatant thuggery". At the battle of Boet Erasmus Stadium, one of the most violent in rugby history, there is famous video footage of JPR Williams running over half of the pitch and launching himself at van Heerden after such a call. Willie John McBride, MBE is an Irish rugby player. ... EPRFU Stadium, also known by its original name of Boet Erasmus Stadium, is a stadium in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. ... John Peter Rhys Williams (born 2 March 1949 in Cardiff), known universally as JPR Williams, played rugby union for Wales between 1969 and 1981. ...


The 1977 tour to New Zealand saw the Lions drop only one non-test out of 21 games, a loss to a Universities side. The team did not win the test series though, winning one game but losing the other three. For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...


1980 - 2005

The British and Irish Lions against the All Blacks in 2005
The British and Irish Lions against the All Blacks in 2005

The Lions toured South Africa in 1980. The team completed a flawless non-test record, winning 14 out of 14 non-test matches on the tour. The Lions did however lose the first three tests to South Africa, winning the last one, though the series had already been won by the Springboks. The 1983 tour to New Zealand saw the team successful on the non-test front, winning all but two games, but getting white-washed in the test-series against the All Blacks. First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ...


The Lions tour to Australia in 1989 was a short affair, being only 12 matches in total. The tour was very successful for the Lions, who won all eight non-tests and won the test series against Australia, two to one. The Lions tour to New Zealand in 1993 was the last of the amateur era. The tourists won six and lost four non-test matches and losing the test series two games to one.


The 1997 tour to South Africa was a success for the Lions, who completed the tour only losing two games in total. The Lions won the test series two games to one. In 2001 a ten game tour took place in Australia, which saw the Wallabies win the test series two games to one. This series saw the first award of the Tom Richards Trophy. Tom Richards trophy The Tom Richards Trophy is an international rugby union trophy awarded to the winner of British and Irish Lions vs. ...


The Lions' latest tour took place in New Zealand in 2005. New Zealand comprehensively won all three test games.


2009

The Lions will tour current world champions South Africa in 2009, with Ian McGeechan as their coach and HSBC as their shirt-sponsor. Someone[who?] will announce McGeechan's support staff, rumoured to include Shaun Edwards and Warren Gatland, soon. 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ian McGeechan (born on October 30, 1946) is a hugely successful rugby coach of the Northampton Saints, the Scotland national rugby union team and the British and Irish Lions. ... HSBC Holdings plc (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (LSE: HSBA, SEHK: 0005, NYSE: HBC, Euronext: HSBC, BSX: 1077223879) is a public limited company incorporated in England and Wales, headquartered in London. ... Shaun Edwards OBE is a former is a former English rugby league player. ... Warren David Gatland (born 17 September 1963 in Hamilton, New Zealand and educated at Hamilton Boys High School and Waikato University) is a former All Black and the current Coach of the Waikato Air New Zealand Cup team. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tours

Format

The Lions comprise a touring team which currently plays three southern-hemisphere teams; Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. They also routinely toured in Argentina before World War II. Tours currently take place every four years, the most recent one, the 2005 British and Irish Lions tour to New Zealand, in 2005. The next planned tour will visit South Africa in 2009. 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The 2005 Lions tour logo In 2005 the British and Irish Lions Rugby union team toured New Zealand for the first time since 1993, suffering a 3-0 whitewash at the hands of the New Zealand All Blacks. ...


In a break with tradition, a first "home" fixture against Argentina took place at Millennium Stadium in Cardiff on May 23, 2005, before the Lions went to New Zealand. It finished in a 25-all draw. Some people[who?] believe that should this continue, the next "home" match should take place at Twickenham Stadium, Lansdowne Road or Murrayfield Stadium The Millennium Stadium (Welsh: Stadiwm y Mileniwm), is the national stadium of Wales, located in the capital Cardiff, and is used primarily for rugby union and football home internationals. ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Twickenham Stadium (usually known as just Twickenham or Twickers[1]) is a stadium located in Twickenham, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... A DART train passes under the Lansdowne Road Rugby Football Stadium and over the level crossing as it enters the station of the same name. ... Murrayfield Stadium is a sports stadium in the capital of , Edinburgh, and is the home of Scottish Rugby Union. ...


On tour, mid-week games take place against local provinces or clubs as well as the weekend full tests against the host's national team. Tension normally exists between those selected for the tests and those who turn out only for the mid-week games.


Results

Year To Captain Head coach Result Score
1888 New Zealand
& Australia
Flag of England Bob Seddon
Flag of England Andrew Stoddart
Flag of England Alfred Shaw
Flag of England Arthur Shrewsbury
N/A N/A
1891 South Africa Flag of Scotland Bill Maclagen Flag of England Edwin Ash Won 3-0
1896 South Africa Flag of England Johnny Hammond R Walker Won 3-1
1899 Australia Flag of England Rev. Matthew Mullineux Flag of England Rev. Matthew Mullineux Won 3-1
1903 South Africa Flag of Scotland Mark Morrison Flag of England Johnny Hammond Lost] 0-1 (with 2 draws)
1904 Australia
& New Zealand
Flag of Scotland David Bedell-Sivright Flag of New Zealand Arthur O'Brien Won

Lost Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Andrew Ernest Stoddart (11 March 1863 – 4 April 1915) was an English cricketer and rugby union player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Alfred Shaw (Burton Joyce Nottinghamshire, 29 August 1842 – 16 January 1907 in Gedling, Nottinghamshire) was a cricketer, who captained the English cricket team in four Test matches in 1881 to 1882, losing two and drawing two. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Arthur Shrewsbury (11 April 1856_19 May 1903) was an English cricketer who was widely rated as competing with WG Grace for the accolade of being the best batsman of the 1880s. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ...

3-0 (Australia)

0-1 (New Zealand)

1908 New Zealand
& Australia
Flag of England Boxer Harding G.F Harnett Lost 0-2 (with 1 draw)
1910 South Africa Flag of Ireland Dr. Tom Jordinson W Cail
Walter E. Rees
Lost 1-2
1910 Argentina Flag of England John Raphael Flag of England RV Stanley Won 1-0
1924 South Africa Flag of England Ronald Cove-Smith Harry Packer Lost 0-3 (with 1 draw)
1927 Argentina Flag of Scotland David MacMyn Flag of England James Baxter Won 4-0
1930 New Zealand
& Australia
Flag of England Doug Prentice Flag of England James Baxter Lost

Lost Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... James Curran Baxter, (September 29, 1939 – April 14, 2001), was a Scottish football (soccer) player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... James Curran Baxter, (September 29, 1939 – April 14, 2001), was a Scottish football (soccer) player. ...

3-1 (New Zealand)

0-1 (Australia)

1936 Argentina Flag of England Bernard Gadney Won 1-0
1938 South Africa Flag of Ireland Sam Walker Col. B.C Hartley Lost 1-2
1950 New Zealand
& Australia
Flag of Ireland Karl Mullen Surgeon Captain L.B Osborne Lost

Won Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Karl Mullen was an Irish Rugby Union player who captained the Irish rugby team and captained the British and Irish Lions on their 1950 tour to Australia and New Zealand. ...

0-3 (New Zealand - with 1 draw)

2-0 (Australia)

1955 South Africa Flag of Ireland Robin Thompson Draw 2-2
1959 Australia
& New Zealand
Flag of Ireland Ronnie Dawson OB Glasgow Won

Lost Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Robin Thompson (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... A. R. Ronnie Dawson (born June 5, 1932 in Dublin, Ireland) played hooker for Ireland and was Captain of the British and Irish Lions rugby team on their 1959 tour to Australia and New Zeland. ...

2-0 (Australia)

1-3 (New Zealand)

1962 South Africa Flag of Scotland Arthur Smith Lost 0-3 (with 1 draw)
1966 Australia,
New Zealand
& Canada
Flag of Scotland Mike Campbell-Lamerton Flag of Wales John Robins Won

Lost Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Arthur Smith was a wing of extraordinary ability and brains. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... The distinguishing feature of rugby union, it used to be said, was its ability to draw together so many diverse characters for the purpose of amateur sport. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... John Robins was an international rugby union player who attained 11 caps for Wales between 1950 and 1953. ...


Won

2-0 (Australia)

0-4 (New Zealand)


1-0 (Canada)

1968 South Africa Flag of Ireland Tom Kiernan Flag of Ireland Ronnie Dawson Lost 0-3 (with 1 draw)
1971 New Zealand Flag of Wales John Dawes Flag of Wales Carwyn James Won 2-1 (with 1 draw)
1974 South Africa Flag of Ireland Willie John McBride Flag of Ireland Syd Millar Won 3-0 (with 1 draw)
1977 New Zealand & Fiji Flag of Wales Phil Bennett Flag of Wales John Dawes Lost

Lost Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Tom Kiernan is a former Ireland international rugby union player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... A. R. Ronnie Dawson (born June 5, 1932 in Dublin, Ireland) played hooker for Ireland and was Captain of the British and Irish Lions rugby team on their 1959 tour to Australia and New Zeland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Benjaman John Dawes (born 29 June 1940 in Chapel of Ease), was a Welsh rugby union player, playing at centre, and later coach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Carwyn James (1929–1983) won two Welsh international Rugby Union caps but is most famous for his coaching achievements for both Llanelli and the British and Irish Lions. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Willie John McBride, MBE is an Irish rugby player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Dr. Syd Millar, CBE (born 23 May 1934 in Ballymena) is the chairman of the International Rugby Board. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Phil Bennett (born October 24, 1948) was a Welsh Rugby Union fly half from 1969 to 1978. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Benjaman John Dawes (born 29 June 1940 in Chapel of Ease), was a Welsh rugby union player, playing at centre, and later coach. ...

1-3 (New Zealand)

0-1 (Fiji)

1980 South Africa Flag of England Bill Beaumont Flag of Ireland Noel Murphy Lost 1-3
1983 New Zealand Flag of Ireland Ciaran Fitzgerald Flag of Scotland Jim Telfer Lost 0-4
1986 "Rest of World" Flag of Scotland Colin Deans Flag of Ireland Mick Doyle Lost 0-1
1989 Australia Flag of Scotland Finlay Calder Flag of Scotland Ian McGeechan Won 2-1
1989 France Flag of Ireland Philip Matthews Won 1-0
1993 New Zealand Flag of Scotland Gavin Hastings Flag of Scotland Ian McGeechan Lost 1-2
1997 South Africa Flag of England Martin Johnson Flag of Scotland Ian McGeechan Won 2-1
2001 Australia Flag of England Martin Johnson Flag of New Zealand Graham Henry Lost 1-2
2005 Argentina Flag of IrelandBrian O'Driscoll
Flag of England Sir Clive Woodward Drawn
2005 New Zealand Flag of IrelandBrian O'Driscoll
Flag of Wales Gareth Thomas
Flag of England Sir Clive Woodward Lost 0-3
2009 South Africa Flag of Scotland Ian McGeechan

Note : Philip Matthews captained the Lions in their victory against France in Paris. The game formed part of the celebrations of the bi-centennial of the French Revolution, but did not count as a "formal" Lions international. Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Bill Beaumont, born 9 March 1952, was captain of the England rugby union team at a time when they struggled to win games. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Ciaran Fitzgerald (born 4 June 1952) is a former Irish rugby union footballer who played hooker. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... A former headmaster and chemistry teacher, Jim Telfer has won fame as a Scottish forwards coach who gave punishing training sessions to his players. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Colin Deans born on the 3 May 1955 in Hawick in the Scottish borders was a professional rugby union player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Mick Doyle (October 13, 1941 - May 11, 2004) was an Irish rugby player and coach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Finlay (Fin) Calder, rugby player, was born on August 20, 1957 at Haddington, Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Ian McGeechan (born on October 30, 1946) is a hugely successful rugby coach of the Northampton Saints, the Scotland national rugby union team and the British and Irish Lions. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Andrew Gavin Hastings, OBE (born January 3, 1962 in Edinburgh) of Watsonians, Cambridge University Rugby Football Club, the Scotland national rugby union team and the British and Irish Lions was one of the outstanding rugby players of his generation, winning 61 caps for Scotland, 20 of which as captain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Ian McGeechan (born on October 30, 1946) is a hugely successful rugby coach of the Northampton Saints, the Scotland national rugby union team and the British and Irish Lions. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... For other people named Martin Johnson, see Martin Johnson (disambiguation) Martin Osborne Johnson CBE (born 9 March 1970) is a former rugby union footballer who represented and captained England and Leicester. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Ian McGeechan (born on October 30, 1946) is a hugely successful rugby coach of the Northampton Saints, the Scotland national rugby union team and the British and Irish Lions. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... For other people named Martin Johnson, see Martin Johnson (disambiguation) Martin Osborne Johnson CBE (born 9 March 1970) is a former rugby union footballer who represented and captained England and Leicester. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Graham Henry (born 8 June 1946 in Christchurch) is a New Zealand rugby union coach, currently head coach of the countrys national team, the All Blacks. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Brian Gerald ODriscoll (born 21 January 1979) is an Irish professional rugby union player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Sir Clive Ronald Woodward, CBE (born 6 January 1956 at Ely in Cambridgeshire) is a former English rugby union international who was the coach of the England rugby union team from 1997 to 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Brian Gerald ODriscoll (born 21 January 1979) is an Irish professional rugby union player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Gareth Alfie Thomas (born 25 July 1974 in Sarn nr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Sir Clive Ronald Woodward, CBE (born 6 January 1956 at Ely in Cambridgeshire) is a former English rugby union international who was the coach of the England rugby union team from 1997 to 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Ian McGeechan (born on October 30, 1946) is a hugely successful rugby coach of the Northampton Saints, the Scotland national rugby union team and the British and Irish Lions. ...


Future

In the past, British and Irish rugby-union players have considered playing for the Lions a high honour in the game — for many higher even than playing for their national side. Those who play against the Lions have also regarded it as a huge occasion. However, some players[citation needed], the media[citation needed], and some administrators[citation needed] have increasingly raised questions about the future of the Lions following the team's poor showing on their 2005 tour, in which New Zealand completely outplayed them. Some see[citation needed] the Lions as an anachronism in the highly professional world of modern international rugby union. Others see the Lions as representing a great rugby union tradition and will fight hard to preserve the team's traditions (such as the awarding of official caps for Lions matches). Some rugby-union supporters would like to see the Lions retained as a touring side but to have the status of the team made more analogous with other scratch rugby-union sides like the Barbarians — playing for the joy of rugby union rather than having any pretensions to international status. For other uses, see Honour (disambiguation). ... The 2005 Lions tour logo In 2005 the British and Irish Lions Rugby union team toured New Zealand for the first time since 1993, suffering a 3-0 whitewash at the hands of the New Zealand All Blacks. ... Look up Anachronism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... First match Hartlepool Rovers 4 - 9 Barbarians (27 December 1890) Largest win Scotland 31 - 74 Barbarians (24 May 2001) Worst defeat Scotland 66 - 19 Barbarians (31 May 2006) {{country data {{{country}}} | country flagicon2 | variant = | size = 999x30px }} The original Barbarians The Barbarian Football Club, typically referred to as Barbarians and nicknamed...


The number of players each union sends to the Lions often becomes a matter of great controversy. The 2005 squad came under fire from the Scottish media[citation needed] because of the perceived under-representation of Scots on the side (three men out of an initial squad of forty-four potential players). Similar controversies arose in Wales and Ireland. This has led to questions as to whether the team should have set proportions representing each of the four nations, or merely a selection of the four taken as a whole.[citation needed] The British rugby site Planet-Rugby.com lampooned both the Lions' poor showing and the speculation about the team's future in an April Fool's prank in 2006, running a bogus news story claiming that the Lions would begin to include players from the remaining Six Nations teams of France and Italy. April 1, 2006 was an April Fools Day falling on a Saturday. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The RBS 6 Nations Championship, (referred to as RBS 6 Nations for sponsorship reasons) known before 2000 as the Five Nations Championship, is an annual international rugby union competition held between six European sides: France, England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ...


The next planned Lions tour will go to South Africa in 2009.[4] It is assumed by many supporters and pundits that the next British and Irish Lions tour will take place in 2009, and will be a tour to South Africa. ...


See also

Rugby union Portal
  • List of British and Irish Lions test matches
  • Great Britain women's national rugby union team

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

References

  1. ^ But note the existence of non-national membership: National Olympic Committees. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2008-06-21. “Although most NOCs are from nations, the IOC also recognises independent territories, commonwealths, protectorates and geographical areas.”
  2. ^ http://www.sluggerotoole.com/archives/2005/04/mccausland_take.php
  3. ^ http://www.sluggerotoole.com/archives/2005/04/mccausland_take.php
  4. ^ BBC SPORT | Rugby Union | Davies named 2009 Lions manager

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Official

News and resources

The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...

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