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Encyclopedia > British Transport Police
British Transport Police

British Transport Police area
Coverage
Area National Rail Network, London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, Midland Metro, Croydon Tramlink, Glasgow Subway, Sunderland line of the Tyne & Wear Metro
Size
Population N/A
Operations
Formed 1948
HQ London
Officers 2,494
Areas 7
Stations 88
Chief Constable ivor bigone QPM
Website British Transport Police


The British Transport Police (BTP) is a non-Home Office national police service responsible for policing the railway system throughout Great Britain.[1] The service is also responsible for policing the London Underground system, the Docklands Light Railway, the Sunderland line of the Tyne and Wear Metro (between Pelaw and South Hylton), the Midland Metro and Croydon Tramlink, and, since early 2007, the Glasgow Subway. It is not responsible for policing the rest of the Tyne and Wear Metro or the Manchester Metrolink. Northern Ireland does not have an extensive railway system, and responsibility for policing remains in control of the Police Service of Northern Ireland. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (494x800, 49 KB)Map of National Rail Network From [1] This is a copyrighted image that has been released by a company or organization to promote their work or product in the media, such as advertising material or a promotional photo... QPM is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: Queens Police Medal quasi-phase-matching This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (798x1004, 122 KB) Summary Sourced from BTP website: www. ... The modern concept of Small Office and Home Office or SoHo , or Small or Home Office deals with the category of business which can be from 1 to 10 workers. ... The London Underground is an electric railway system that covers much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of east London, England. ... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... A Midland Metro tram The Midland Metro is a light-rail tram system in the West Midlands of England. ... Tramlink (initially known as Croydon Tramlink) is a public transport tramway in south London, operated by FirstGroup on behalf of Transport for London. ... An Inner Circle train arrives at West Street station. ... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... A Metrolink tram in Manchester city centre. ... Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, BSL, NISL, ISL Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Ian Paisley  - Deputy First Minister... The Police Service of Northern Ireland (Irish: Seirbhís Póilíneachta Thuaisceart na hÉireann) is the police service that covers Northern Ireland. ...


The BTP has 2494 regular police officers, 248 special constables and 1015 support staff throughout England, Wales, and Scotland (2003). The Chief Constable is Ian Johnston CBE, QPM. The Special Constabulary is the part-time volunteer section of a statutory police force in the United Kingdom or some Crown dependencies. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... This article is about the country. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime... Ian Johnston CBE, QPM is the Chief Constable of the British Transport Police. ...

Contents

History

Foundation

The modern Police Service owes much to Sir Patrick Colquhoun (1745 - 1820) who in 1796 recommended the creation of a centralised Police Service and the use of men specifically trained for the purpose. Sir Robert Peel introduced an Act of Parliament in 1829, which led to the creation of the Metropolitan Police. Within a few months of both the introduction of the Metropolitan Police and the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway the first Railway Police Force was formed. Patrick Colquhoun Patrick Colquhoun (14 March 1745-25 April 1820) was a merchant, statistician, magistrate, and founder of the first regular preventive police force in England, the Thames River Police. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850) was the Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from December 10, 1834 to April 8, 1835, and again from August 30, 1841 to June 29, 1846. ... An Act of Parliament or Act is law enacted by the parliament (see legislation). ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Metropolitan Police redirects here. ... The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was the worlds first intercity passenger railway in which all the trains were timetabled and operated for most of the distance solely by steam locomotives. ...


Navigators

A huge workforce was required to build the ever expanding railway system. These armies of rough workers brought fear into rural Victorian England. In 1838 an Act was passed which required Railway Companies to pay for constables to keep the peace near railway works. | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Constables Constables is a boarding house in the asteemed public school Uppingham. ...


Historical crime

The continually expanding network of railways gave criminals new opportunities to move around the country and commit crime. The railways were pioneers of the electric telegraph and its use often involved the arrest of criminals arriving or departing by train. On 1 January 1845 a Railway Police Sergeant became the first person to arrest a murderer following the use of an electric telegraph. In 1838 the Royal Mail was conveyed by rail for the first time. The first mail thefts were reported shortly afterwards. In 1848 the Eastern Counties Railway lost 76 pieces of luggage in just one day, and by the following year thefts from the largest six railways amounted to over £100,000 a year. The first railway murder was committed by a German, who robbed and killed a fellow passenger on a train in North London in 1864. The first arrest abroad by the British Police occurred in 1874 when a Metropolitan Police Inspector accompanied by a Railway Police Inspector went to the United States to arrest a former employee who had embezzled from the Grand Metropolitan Railway. 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Royal Mails logo Royal Mail is the national postal service of the United Kingdom. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) began operating on June 20 1839 with a train service from a temporary terminus at Mile End to Romford, and working to a gauge of five feet. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Reorganisation

From 1900 several railway companies re-organised their police forces. The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway virtually reformed their police force from scratch in that year, followed by the Great Eastern, the North Eastern and Midland in 1910, Caledonian in 1917 and lastly the Great Western in 1918. Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The LB&SCRs coat of arms, displayed above the entrance to Gipsy Hill railway station. ... The Great Eastern Railway (GER) was formed in 1862 as an amalgamation of the Eastern Counties Railway; and also with several other smaller railways: Norfolk, the Eastern Union, the Newmarket, the Harwich, the East Anglian Light and the East Suffolk; among others. ... The North Eastern Railway (NER) , unlike many other of the pre-Grouping companies, had a relatively compact territory, having the district it covered to itself. ... The Midland Railway (MR) was a railway company in the United Kingdom, which existed from 1844 to 1922. ... The Caledonian Railway was a Scottish railway company which was grouped into the London Midland and Scottish Railway by the Railways Act 1921 in 1923. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ...


Inter-war years

The Railways Act 1921 amalgamated over one hundred separate railway systems (of which about 20 had organised police forces) into four groups:- Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ...

Each had its own police force controlled by a Chief of Police. These four forces were organised in the same way; each split into a number of Divisions headed by a Superintendent, divided into a number of Divisions Posts led by an Inspector. Detectives worked with their uniformed colleagues at most locations. Many ' non-police' duties were retained however, with officers acting as crossing keepers or locking and sealing wagons. The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... LNER timetable for Autumn 1926 detailing the resumption of services after the General Strike. ... The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS1) was a British railway company. ... The Southern Railway in the United Kingdom was geographically the smallest of the four railway systems created in the Grouping ordered by the Railways Act 1921. ...


World War II

During the war the strength of the Railway Police doubled. With many men conscripted, Special Constables and Women Police were again employed.


Post war

In 1947 the Transport Act created the British Transport Commission which unified the railway system. On 1st January 1949 the British Transport Commission Police were created, formed from the four old railway police forces, canal police and several minor dock forces. In 1957 the Maxwell-Johnson enquiry found that policing requirements for the railway could not be met by civil forces and that it was essential that a specialist police force be retained. In 1984 London Buses decided not to use the British Transport Police. The British Transport Docks Board followed in 1985. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... The British Transport Commission (BTC) was created by Clement Attlees post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals and road freight transport in Great Britain (Northern Ireland had the separate Ulster Transport Authority). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An Enviro 400 bus, a modern interpretation of the famous London red double-decker. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


How the BTP is funded

The British Transport Police is largely funded by the train operating companies, Network Rail, and the London Underground - part of Transport for London.[2] This funding arrangement does not give the rail companies power to set objectives for the BTP, nor are the BTP a private security company. Whether on or off duty, officers of the BTP are under sworn oath to use their powers to; 'cause peace to be preserved, and prevent all offences against the persons and property of Her Majesty's subjects'. This is stated in the Form of Oath taken by all British Transport Police Officers. National Rail uses the BR double arrow logo National Rail is a brand name describing the passenger rail service previously provided by British Rail, the now defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ... Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee whose principal asset is Network Rail Infrastructure Limited, a company limited by shares. ... The London Underground is an electric railway system that covers much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... Transport For London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system throughout Greater London in England. ...


Communications and control rooms

A BTP officer patrolling the London Underground
A BTP officer patrolling the London Underground

The BTP operates five control rooms across England, Wales and Scotland with the largest control room being the MICC or Management Information & Communications Centre in London. The MICC are responsible for the Greater London area (including the London Underground and Mainline) and the home counties. The other four control rooms are in Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester & Glasgow. The Birmingham control room covers the East Midlands, West Midlands, Wales and the South West of England. Manchester covers the North West of England, Leeds the North East of England and Glasgow covers Scotland. In 2008 it is likely that a reduction in the number of Control Rooms to just two - based in Birmingham & London - will be undertaken. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x900, 393 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): British Transport Police Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x900, 393 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): British Transport Police Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... The London Underground is an electric railway system that covers much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... This article is about the country. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The London Underground is an electric railway system that covers much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... The phrase Home Counties is used to designate the group of English counties which border or surround London. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... Leeds is a major city in West Yorkshire, England. ... This page is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Glaswegian redirects here. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... The East Midlands is one of the regions of England and consists of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlands. ... // The West Midlands is an area of central England. ... This article is about the country. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... This page is about the City of Manchester in England. ... North West England is one of the regions of England. ... Leeds is a major city in West Yorkshire, England. ... North East England is one of the regions of England and comprises the historical counties of Northumberland and Durham plus the area south of the River Tees which was in the former county of Cleveland (this area was historically in Yorkshire and now part of North Yorkshire for ceremonial purposes). ... Glaswegian redirects here. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime...


Powers and status of officers

British Transport Police officers are constables with the same powers as constables of regional Home Office police forces when on railway property and can also exercise their powers in most, though not all, situations throughout England, Wales and Scotland.[3] [4] Their uniforms and rank system are similar to other British police forces. Officers often wear distinctive black jerseys with a black and white diced pattern on the yoke. A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in law enforcement. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime... Most of the police forces of the United Kingdom use a standard set of ranks, shown here in descending seniority from left to right. ...


On 1 July 2004 a Police Authority for the British Transport Police was created.[5] BTP Officers became employees of the Police Authority, prior to that, they were employees of the Strategic Rail Authority. The force played a central role in the response to the 7 July 2005 London bombings. Three of the incidents were at tube stations: Edgware Road, Russell Square and Aldgate stations.
On 15th July 2006, a Dog Section Training School was opened at the Force Training establishment near Tadworth, Surrey. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Police authority - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Categories: Stub ... The 7 July 2005 London bombings were a series of coordinated terrorist bomb blasts that hit Londons public transport system during the morning rush hour. ... Edgware Road is a road in London. ... Russell Square Russell Square is a large garden square in Bloomsbury, London. ... Aldgate was a gateway through London Wall to the City of London, located by the East End. ... (Redirected from 15th July) July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Tadworth is a village in Surrey, on the south-east slope of Epsom Downs. ... Not to be confused with Surry. ...


Accident investigation

A British Transport Police motorcycle in London

Until the 1990s the principal investigators of railway accidents were the Inspecting Officers of HM Railway Inspectorate, and BTP involvement was minimal. With major accidents after the 1988 Clapham Junction rail crash being investigated by more adversarial public inquiries, the BTP took on a more proactive role in crash investigations, treating crash sites as "scenes of crime" and keeping professional railway investigators away from the scene until the BTP had finished its investigations, often days later. This was controversial in the rail industry as it severely delayed the resumption of rail services and the BTP were viewed as incompetent investigators of crash sites - a view strengthened after the Southall rail crash of 1997 when a significant piece of wreckage was discovered in the track ballast after BTP had handed the investigation back to HMRI.[citation needed] The BTP's reputation was further lowered following a low-speed train derailment near Glasgow, caused by the track spreading because of thermal expansion in unusually hot weather, when the BTP insisted on treating the accident as a scene of crime, detaining hundreds of passengers for many hours while statements were taken. Pressure from within the industry caused the setting-up of the Department for Transport's Rail Accident Investigation Branch to take the lead role in investigations. A British Transport Police motorcycle in London. ... A British Transport Police motorcycle in London. ... HM Railway Inspectorate (HMRI: his/her Majestys Railway Inspectorate) is the British government body responsible for overseeing safety on Britains railways, tramways, trolley bus and other guided transport systems. ... The Clapham Junction rail crash was a serious railway accident involving two collisions between three commuter trains at 08:10 on the morning of 12 December 1988. ... The Southall rail crash occurred on September 19, 1997, on the Great Western Railway line at Southall, west London. ... In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport is the government department responsible for the transport network. ... The Rail Accident Investigation Branch is a government agency that became operational on 17 October 2005. ...


Crime on the railway

Operation Shield is an initiative by BTP to reduce the number of knives carried by passengers on the train network. This initiative came about after knife crime began to rise and also because of the high profile murder of a passenger on a Virgin Trains service travelling from Glasgow [6] Operation Shield is a nationwide initiative led by British Transport Police, where security scanners are to be deployed at major railway stations with the aim of discouraging crimninal activity on the rail network. ... Virgin Trains is a train operating company in the United Kingdom. ...


Route crime

BTP Preston (Vauxhall Astra)
BTP Preston (Vauxhall Astra)

Route crime[7] was formerly know as trespass and vandalism. It is believed to be the biggest cause of most deaths to members of the public on railways in Britain. Many of the deliberate deaths are suicides with the rest being attributed to trespass. [8]. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (932x523, 57 KB) British Transport Police Vauxhall Astra Preston Railway Station 23 Dec 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (932x523, 57 KB) British Transport Police Vauxhall Astra Preston Railway Station 23 Dec 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


Graffiti costs rail firms over £5m a year in direct costs alone [9] The BTP maintains a graffiti database which holds over 1900 graffiti tags, each unique to an individual vandal. in 2005 BTP sent 569 suspects to court (an increase of 16% on 2004 figures). Surveys show that fear of crime is made worse by graffiti, as the general perception is that the vandals are in control. [10].


The BTP also deals with hundreds of instances of theft each day, including stolen property and the theft of metals such as copper from railway safety equipment[11]. In the North West Area BTP has joined forces with Lancashire Constabulary and Network Rail to combat thefts of metals from railway lines in an initiative called Operation Tremor. Wales & Western Area have a similar initiative - Op Drum. Lancashire Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Lancashire in the North West England. ... Operation Tremor is a joint operation between British Transport Police, Lancashire Constabulary and Network Rail to combat thieves who have been stealing copper boilers and piping and taking copper cables from train tracks, which can disable signalling equipment and safety devices. ...


It is estimated that[12]:

  • 17 million offences of criminal trespass on the railways are committed annually by adults
  • 10 million offences of criminal trespass on the railways committed annually by children

Special Constabulary

British Transport Police first recruited Special Constables in a trial based in the North West Area in 1995, and this was expanded to the whole of England, Wales and Scotland. The Special Constabulary is a volunteer section of the British police. ...


The London North, London South and London Underground Areas employ the majority of the 248 Special Constables. Under the terms of the Railway and Transport Safety Act 2003 and the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, BTP special constables have identical jurisdiction and powers to BTP regular constables, i.e. primary jurisdiction on any railway in Great Britain and a conditional jurisdiction in any other police force area. However, Special constables in England and Wales have recently had their jurisdiction ammended by the Police and Justice Act 2006, bringing it in line with that of their regular colleagues in Home Office Forces. The Act in question reads that;

(2) A special constable shall have all the powers and privileges of a constable throughout England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters."

Since this act applies to BTP Special constables as well as those in Home Office forces, this has been argued to have created a legal perculiarity where British Transport Police Special Constables now have wider powers and obligations than regular officers since they have the full jurisdiction of their regular BTP colleagues on the railway throughout Great Britain but also have a full jurisdiction anywhere in England and Wales off railway property as well whereas regular BTP officers only have a conditional jurisdiciton off railway property.


Proposed merger

Although the British Transport Police is not under the control of the Home Office, and as such was not included as part of the proposed mergers of the Home Office forces of England and Wales in early 2006, both Ken Livingstone and Sir Ian Blair have stated publicly that they want a single police force in Greater London. As part of this, they wish to have the functions of the BTP in the capital absorbed by the Metropolitan Police. However, following a review of the BTP by the Department for Transport, no changes to the form and function of the force will be implemented, and any merger will not happen [1]. For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Kenneth Robert Livingstone (born June 17, 1945) is an English politician who became Mayor of London on the creation of the post in 2000. ... Sir Ian Blair, QPM (born 19 March 1953) is the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police in London. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the Home Office police force responsible for Greater London, with the exception of the square mile of the City of London. ... In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport is the government department responsible for the transport network. ...


See also

There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... The London Underground is an electric railway system that covers much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... Operation Perseus was an initiative launched by the British Transport Police in August 1998. ... Operation Shield is a nationwide initiative led by British Transport Police, where security scanners are to be deployed at major railway stations with the aim of discouraging crimninal activity on the rail network. ... Operation Tremor is a joint operation between British Transport Police, Lancashire Constabulary and Network Rail to combat thieves who have been stealing copper boilers and piping and taking copper cables from train tracks, which can disable signalling equipment and safety devices. ... A Police Constable of West Yorkshire Police on patrol The United Kingdom (UK) does not have one single police service serving the general public; with the exception of various special police forces and of Northern Ireland (which has one unified force, the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI)), police forces... The Special Constabulary is the part-time volunteer section of a statutory police force in the United Kingdom or some Crown dependencies. ... // Route Crime[1] was formerly know as trespass and vandalism. ... Transit police, or transport police, are a specialized type of police employed by a common carrier, usually a railroad (but may also include a bus line or other transport carrier) that are tasked to prevent and investigate crimes committed against the carrier or by or against passengers or other customers... This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ British Transport Police website,(accessed 20 Feb 07)
  2. ^ British Transport Police Annual Report 2004/2005 (PDF), 8. Retrieved on 2006-04-11. 
  3. ^ s31 Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003
  4. ^ s100 Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001
  5. ^ s18 Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003
  6. ^ BBC News Website: Man quizzed over stabbing 28 May 06 (accessed 19 Mar 07)
  7. ^ Office of Rail Regulation (accessed 21/12/06
  8. ^ Route Crime, Railways Online (accessed 21/012/2006)
  9. ^ BTP: Issues, graffiti (accessed 19 Mar 07)
  10. ^ The Sharp End Issue 16 (published for the Home Office and sent to every Police officer, SC and Support Staff in England & Wales)
  11. ^ Railway thieves risk their lives. TrackOff
  12. ^ Route Crime, Railways Online (accessed 21/012/2006)

  Results from FactBites:
 
British Transport Police - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (468 words)
It is not, however, responsible for policing the Glasgow Underground, Tyne and Wear Metro or Manchester Metro.
British Transport Police officers are constables with the same powers as constables of the Home Office (territorial) police forces.
BTP constables have the powers of a constable off railway property if they are investigating crime which was committed on railway property or if they come across an emergency situation, where waiting for a local police officer to attend would be impracticable.
Policing in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3429 words)
The new Metropolitan Police, founded on September 29, was depersonalised, bureaucratic and hierarchical, with the new police constables instructed to prevent crime and pursue offenders.
However in contrast to the military gendarmerie forces of continental Europe, the British police, partly to counter public fears and objections concerning armed enforcers, were clearly civilian and their armament was initially limited to the truncheon.
A number of recent cases in which the police have intervened in matters of free speech have also given rise to allegations that the police are in danger of becomming thought police.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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