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Encyclopedia > British TV

British television broadcasting has a range of different broadcasters, broadcasting multiple channels over a variety of distribution media. Note: broadcasting is also the old term for hand sowing. ...


National free-to-air analogue terrestrial broadcasters:

  • The BBC is the oldest British broadcaster. Its analogue channels are BBC One and BBC Two. The BBC first began a television service, initially serving London only, in 1936. BBC Television was closed during World War II but reopened in 1946. The second station, BBC Two, was launched in 1964.
  • Independent Television (ITV) was the name given to the original commercial British television broadcasters, set up on a regional basis in 1955 to provide competition to the BBC. Almost all of these companies have now merged into a single business. Its flagship analogue channel is ITV1.
  • Channel 4, and S4C in Wales, were launched in 1982.
  • five (previously known as Channel 5) was the final analogue broadcaster to be launched, in 1997. Its coverage is less than that of the other analogue broadcasters.

All of these channels are also carried on satellite television, cable television and digital terrestrial television services. Corporate logo of the British Broadcasting Corporation. ... Viewing Figure History BBC One (or BBC1 as it was formerly styled) is the oldest television station in the world. ... Viewing Figure History BBC Two (or BBC2 as it was formerly styled) was the second UK television station to be aired by the BBC and the first British television channel to broadcast regularly in colour (from 1967). ... The Houses of Parliament and the clock tower containing Big Ben Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 8 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Independent Television (ITV) is the name given to the original network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up to provide competition to the BBC. In England and Wales the channel was recently rebranded ITV1 by ITV plc who own the regional broadcasting licences for the regions. ... 1955 (MCMLV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ITV1 is a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ... Channel 4 is a public service television broadcaster in the United Kingdom (see British television). ... S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru - Channel Four Wales) is a Welsh-language television channel broadcasting in Wales, United Kingdom, which was established in response to demands for a channel to cater for the Welsh-speaking minority population in Wales. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Viewing Figure History Five, formerly known as Channel 5, is the United Kingdoms fifth national terrestrial TV Channel. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Artists impression of a Boeing 601 satellite, as configured for digital television transmission by SES Astra Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio frequency signals transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed optical... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels (SDTV) and/or better quality of picture (EDTV, HDTV) and sound (AC3, Dolby Digital) through a conventional aerial instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ...


No further analogue broadcasters are expected to be launched, and efforts are being made to popularise the uptake of digital television so that analogue television broadcasts can be discontinued and the bandwidth allocated can be reused. The analogue service is to be switched off over a 5 year plan starting in 2008 and finishing in 2012. 2008 will see Border Television, Westcountry and HTV Wales analogue service switched off. 2009: Granada Television, HTV West, Grampian TV and Scottish TV. 2010: Central, Yorkshire Television and Anglia Television, 2011: Meridian, ITV London, Tyne Tees Television and UTV. Border Television logo, 1993-1998 Border Television is the ITV franchisee for the border region between England and Scotland, and also the Crown Dependency of Isle of Man. ... Westcountry TV logo, 1993 Westcountry Television is the ITV franchise holder in the South West (of England), replacing its predecessor, TSW - Television South West, on 1 January 1993. ... HTV Group plc is a television company, the ITV contractor of Wales and the West of England, owned by ITV plc. ... Current ITV Granada logo A Granada TV logo from the black and white era. ... Grampian Television logo, late 1990s. ... Scottish Television is Scotlands largest independent television franchisee, and has held the ITV franchise for Central Scotland since 1957. ... Central TV logo, 1985-1998 Central Independent Television, commonly referred to as Central, is the Independent Television company that succeeded ATV on 1 January 1982. ... Current ITV Yorkshire logo Yorkshire Television logo 1987 Yorkshire Television Limited is the ITV contractor for Yorkshire, England, and the surrounding areas. ... Current ITV Anglia logo Anglia Television is the ITV station for East Anglia. ... Meridian is the ITV station for the South and South East England. ... ITV London is the brand name used by ITV plc in London. ... Tyne Tees Television, City Road Tyne Tees Television Limited is the ITV television contractor for North East England. ... UTV Ident. ...


With the passage of UK’s Communications Act 2003, there are no longer any foreign-ownership restrictions in the UK’s television programming services, cable and Direct-to-Home satellite television sectors. To counterbalance the removal of foreign-ownership restrictions for companies in the broadcasting sector, the UK government has increased the power of the regulatory body, which is called Ofcom.

Contents


Digital terrestrial television

Digital terrestrial television was originally launched as a subscription-based service by a company called ONdigital, later ITV Digital, which failed commercially. The digital television service was relaunched as Freeview, a free-to-air service which is promoted by the BBC. The Freeview package includes all of the terrestrial channels mentioned above, some extra BBC channels, and a selection of the specialist channels found on the three subscription services, but not any of the premium ones such as top sport and movie channels. A more limited package of subscription channels has since been added under the name Top Up TV. ITV Digital used to be the sole British terrestrial digital television broadcaster. ... ITV Digital logo Initial ONdigital logo ITV Digital used to be the sole British terrestrial digital television broadcaster. ... Freeview logo Freeview is a British free-to-air digital television service broadcast from terrestrial transmitters using the DVB-T standard. ... Top Up TV is a pay television service that operates in the UK on the Digital Terrestrial Television platform alongside the Freeview service. ...


Cable and satellite

The major competitors to the old free-to-air analogue broadcasters are the subscription-based services of the regional cable companies NTL and Telewest, and the satellite broadcaster BSkyB, whose Sky Digital system is available nationwide, as well as in Ireland. NTL NASDAQ: NTLI is a US listed company providing cable services. ... Telewest (formerly Telewest Broadband and Telewest Communications) is one of the two major cable companies in the United Kingdom. ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly two companies, Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, which merged) is a company that operates the most popular subscription television service in the Ireland. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ...


In 2005, NTL announced the purchase of its rival Telewest, establishing a single dominant company offering telephone, digital television, and high-speed broadband in the UK. The merger is widely rumoured to be intended to create an effective competitor to BSkyB. Sky have now reacted to this move, with the purchase of EasyNet (Stellio's EasyJet take on broadband), in a bid to match NTL's "triple-play" offering.


Freesat, a satellite-based free-to-air service similar to Freeview, is avaliable from BSkyS for an inital installation charge of £150, and includes reciever, dish, viewing card, with access to all FTA and FTV* channels in the UK. FreeSat is a service similar to Freeview that the BBC and ITV is planning to launch in 2006 on Digital Satellite. ...

  • UK mainland address required.

Alternatively, exsisting Sky customers can end their ongoing subscriptions, and opt for the Free-To-View viewing card, which is inserting into the Sky Viewing Card slot; effectivley giving them the FreeSat service.


See also

This is a list of channels are available on digital aerial, satellite and cable systems. ... This List of UK television series is a list of TV series that were made and shown in the United Kingdom. ... The Office of Communications, usually known as Ofcom, is the UKs communications regulator. ... The Broadcast Advertising Clearance Centre (BACC) is a quango which pre-approves most British television advertising. ... The word barb can have many meanings: Look up barb in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

External links

  • BARB audience share figures for major UK broadcasters


British television | Channels | ITV

North Scotland: Grampian TV | Central Scotland: Scottish TV | Scottish/English Border: Border
North and North West England: ABC, Granada | North East England: Tyne Tees | Yorkshire: Yorkshire | Northern Ireland: UTV
Wales and the West of England: TWW, WWN, ITSWW, HTV | Midlands: ATV, ABC, Central | East Anglia: Anglia
London: Rediffusion, ATV, Thames, LWT, Carlton | Southern England: Southern, TVS, Meridian
South West England: Westward, TSW, Westcountry | Channel Islands: Channel TV This is a list of channels are available on digital aerial, satellite and cable systems. ... Current ITV logo. ... Grampian Television logo, late 1990s. ... Scottish Television is Scotlands largest independent television franchisee, and has held the ITV franchise for Central Scotland since 31 August 1957. ... Border Television logo, 1993-1998 Border Television is the ITV franchisee for the border region between England and Scotland, and also the Crown Dependency of Isle of Man. ... ABC logo, 1960s ABC Television or ABC Weekend TV was the British Independent Television (ITV) (commercial television) contractor on Saturdays and Sundays in the Midlands and North of England between 1956 and 1968. ... Current ITV Granada logo A Granada TV logo from the black and white era. ... Tyne Tees Television, City Road Tyne Tees Television Limited is the ITV television contractor for North East England. ... Current ITV Yorkshire logo Yorkshire Television logo 1987 Yorkshire Television Limited is the ITV contractor for Yorkshire, England, and the surrounding areas. ... UTV Ident. ... TWW Logo Television Wales and the West (TWW) was the British Independent Television (commercial television) contractor for the South Wales and West of England franchise area 1956-1968 (franchise awarded October 26, 1956, started transmissions on January 14, 1958). ... Teledu Cymru -- Wales (West and North) Television - WWN was the British Independent Television (commercial television) contractor awarded the North and West Wales franchise area for 1962-1968 (franchise awarded June 6, 1961, started transmissions on September 14, 1962, ceased transmissions through financial failure January 26, 1964 when the franchise area... Independent Television Service for Wales and the West or ITSWW is a remarkably unusual entity. ... Current ITV Wales logo Current ITV West logo HTV Group plc is a television company, the ITV contractor of Wales and the West of England, owned by ITV plc. ... The ATV colour logo, used from the start of the colour standard in 1969 until the companys demise in 1981. ... ABC logo, 1960s ABC Television or ABC Weekend TV was the British Independent Television (ITV) (commercial television) contractor on Saturdays and Sundays in the Midlands and North of England between 1956 and 1968. ... Central TV logo, 1985-1998 Central Independent Television, commonly referred to as Central, is the Independent Television company that succeeded ATV on 1 January 1982. ... Current ITV Anglia logo Anglia Television is the ITV station for East Anglia. ... Associated-Rediffusion, later Rediffusion London, was the British Independent Television (commercial television) contractor for London, on weekdays between 1954 (transmissions started on September 22, 1955) and July 29, 1968. ... The ATV colour logo, used from the start of the colour standard in 1969 until the companys demise in 1981. ... The classic Thames Television logo (1969 - 1989), featuring a geographically incorrect montage of London landmarks. ... Now known as ITV London (Weekends) London Weekend Television logo, 1978-1996 London Weekend Television logo, 1996-2004 London Weekend Television Limited (LWT) is the ITV contractor for London, Friday 5:15pm to Monday, 5:59am. ... Carlton logo in cinemas Carlton Television Limited is the United Kingdom Channel 3 (ITV) licencee for London, Monday 9:25am, to Friday, 5:15pm. ... Southern Television colour logo, 1969-1981 Southern Television was one of the original ITV companies, serving the south and south-east of England from August 30, 1958 until 12:45 AM on January 1, 1982. ... TVS Entertainment plc, or Television South (the company was referred to on air as Television South from 1985 to 1987, but as TVS before and after those dates), was the ITV franchise holder in the South of England which replaced its predecessor, Southern Television on the morning of 1 January... Meridian is the ITV station for the South and South East England. ... Westward Televisions colour symbol. ... Categories: Television stubs | ITV ... Westcountry TV logo, 1993 Current ITV Westcountry logo Westcountry Television is the ITV franchise holder in the South West (of England), replacing its predecessor, TSW - Television South West, on 1 January 1993. ... The current Channel TV ident Channel Television (CTV) is a British television station which has served as an Independent Television (ITV), contractor to the Channel Islands since 1962. ...


Breakfast: TV-am, GMTV | Teletext: ORACLE, Teletext Ltd | News: ITN, ITV News TV-am was a breakfast television station that broadcast in the United Kingdom from 1983 to 1992. ... Good Morning Television (GMTV) is the national breakfast television franchise of the British ITV network. ... ORACLE (Optimal Reception of Announcements by Coded Line Electronics) was a commercial teletext service first broadcast on ITV in 1974 and later on Channel 4 in the United Kingdom finally ending on both channels at the end of December 1992. ... Teletext Ltd is the provider of Teletext services for ITV, Channel 4 and Five in the United Kingdom. ... Corporate logo of Independent Television News Ltd ITN redirects here. ... ITV News is broadcast on British TV channel ITV1. ...


ITA | IBA | ITC | Ofcom
ITV plc | ITV1 | ITV2 | ITV3 | ITV4 | CiTV Channel | ITV News Channel | Men & Motors | ITV Digital |
Ulster Television plc | SMG plc The Independent Television Authority (ITA) was a body created by the Television Act 1954 to supervise the creation of Independent Television (ITV), the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom. ... The Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was the regulatory body in the United Kingdom for commercial television (ITV and Channel 4 - cable and satellite television were the responsibility of the Cable Authority) and radio broadcasts. ... The ITC has been superseded as the British commercial television regulator by Ofcom (the Office of Communications). ... The Office of Communications, usually known as Ofcom, is the UKs communications regulator. ... ITV plc is a British media company which operates the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... ITV1 is a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ... ITV2 is a free-to-air entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... ITV3 is an entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... ITV4 is a UK television station which launched on November 1, 2005. ... Placeholder image currently shown on Freeview channel 75 The CiTV Channel is a British childrens TV station, under development by ITV. The channel will be aimed at younger children (under either 9 or 12 years old), showing content from their current CiTV library, as well as commissions and acquisitions... The ITV News Channel was a 24 hour television news channel in the United Kingdom which broadcast from 2000 to 2005. ... Men & Motors is a mens lifestyle television channel in the UK. It is the last remaining station operated by Granada Sky Broadcasting, a joint venture set up by Granada Television (now part of ITV plc) and British Sky Broadcasting in 1996. ... ITV Digital logo Initial ONdigital logo ITV Digital used to be the sole British terrestrial digital television broadcaster. ... Ulster Television plc is a Broadcasting and New Media company in Northern Ireland. ... SMG plc is a Scottish media company. ...


 
 

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