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Encyclopedia > British South Africa Company
The flag of the British South Africa Company
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The flag of the British South Africa Company

The British South Africa Company (BSAC) was established by Cecil Rhodes through the amalgamation of the Central Search Association and the Exploring Company, Ltd., receiving a royal charter in 1889. Modeling the BSAC on the British East India Company, Rhodes hoped it would enable colonisation and economic exploitation across much of south-central Africa, as part of the "Scramble for Africa". The company's directors included the Duke of Abercorn, Rhodes himself and the financier Alfred Beit. Flag of Southern Rhodesia, (BSA) chartered company administration. ... Flag of Southern Rhodesia, (BSA) chartered company administration. ... Cecil Rhodes. ... A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company string of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... The Scramble for Africa (AKA Race for Africa) was the period between the 1880s and the start of World War I, when colonial empires in Africa proliferated more rapidly than anywhere else on the globe. ... James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn (24 August 1838 - 3 January 1913) was a British nobleman and diplomat. ... Alfred Beit (1853-16 July 1906) was a South African diamond magnate. ...


The company was empowered to treat with African rulers such as King Lobengula; to form banks; to own, manage and grant or distribute land, and to raise a police force (the British South Africa Police). In return, the company agreed to develop the territory it controlled; to respect existing African laws; to allow free trade within its territory and to respect all religions. Lobengula (d. ... The British South Africa Police (BSAP) was a regimented police force which operated in Britains Southern African territories such as Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia. ...


The company recruited its own army, and attacked and defeated the Matabele and Shona north of the Limpopo river. It was the first time in history Britons have used the Maxim gun in combat (five Maxims to five thousand Ndebele casualties). The company carved out (and for the following three decades administered) a territory which it named Zambezia, and later, Rhodesia, and which now covers the area occupied by the republics of Zambia and Zimbabwe. This article relates to the Ndebele people of Zimbabwe. ... Shona (IPA: ) is the name collectively given to several groups of people in Zimbabwe and western Mozambique. ... The Limpopo River arises in the interior of Africa, and flows generally eastwards towards the Indian ocean. ... An early Maxim gun in operation with the Royal Navy The Maxim gun was the first self-acting machine gun. ... Primarily refers to two land-locked regions named after Cecil Rhodes, separated largely through a natural border provided by the Zambezi River. ...


In 1914, the royal charter was renewed, on condition that settlers in Rhodesia were given increased political rights. In 1922, the company entered negotiations with the government of the Union of South Africa, which was keen to take over the territory - a plan foiled by the colony's settlers, who voted against incorporation with South Africa. In 1923, Britain chose not to renew the BSA Co's charter, and instead accorded 'self-governing' colony status to Southern Rhodesia (today, Zimbabwe) and protectorate status to Northern Rhodesia (today, Zambia). 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... In politics and in history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a geographically-distant state. ... Southern Rhodesia was the name given to the British colony situated immediately to the north of South Africa, known today as Zimbabwe. ... A protectorate is, in international law, a political entity (a sovereign state or a less developed native polity, such as a tribal chiefstainship or feudal princely state) that formally agrees (voluntarily or under pressure) by treaty to enter into an unequal relationship with another, stronger state, called the protector, which... Flag of Northern Rhodesia Northern Rhodesia was a British protectorate in south central Africa, originally created in 1911 from the combination of the North West Rhodesia and North East Rhodesia areas of Rhodesia controlled by the British South Africa Company. ...


The BSAC was not able to generate enough profit to pay its shareholders dividends until after it lost direct administrative control over Rhodesia in 1923. In 1933, the BSAC sold its mineral exploration rights south of the Zambezi to the Southern Rhodesian government, but retained rights over Northern Rhodesian mineral rights, as well as the company's vast interests in mining, railways, real estate and agriculture across southern Africa. Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ...

The arms of the British South Africa Company
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The arms of the British South Africa Company

In 1964, the company was forced to hand over its mineral rights to the government of Zambia, and the following year, the British South Africa Company merged with the Central Mining & Investment Corporation Ltd and The Consolidated Mines Selection Company Ltd to form a mining and industrial company known as Charter Consolidated Ltd, of which slightly over one-third of the shares were owned by the British/South African mining company Anglo American plc. Image File history File links BSAC-arms. ... Image File history File links BSAC-arms. ... Anglo American plc is a world-wide group of companies, originally founded in South Africa as a mining enterprise but now extending into other areas. ...


Reference

  • Rasmussen, R. K., & Rubert, S. C., 1990. A Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe, Scarecrow Press, Inc., Metuchen, NJ, United States of America.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
British South Africa Company - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (448 words)
The British South Africa Company (BSAC) was established by Cecil Rhodes through the amalgamation of the Central Search Association and the Exploring Company, Ltd., receiving a royal charter in 1889.
The company was empowered to treat with African rulers such as King Lobengula; to form banks; to own, manage and grant or distribute land, and to raise a police force (the British South Africa Police).
In 1922, the company entered negotiations with the government of the Union of South Africa, which was keen to take over the territory - a plan foiled by the colony's settlers, who voted against incorporation with South Africa.
Zimbabwe: British South Africa Company (1731 words)
The British South Africa Company was a mercantile company incorporated in 1889 under a Royal Charter at the instigation of Cecil Rhodes.
The company flag hoisted at the occupation of Bulawayo, and presumably used elsewhere in the area under company jurisdiction, was not described in detail in the royal charter and the lack of such a description probably accounts for the discrepancies and different versions of the company flag which exist.
The Company Administrator who, in terms of the royal charter, was the Crown's representative in the territories under the control of the company, was also entitled to a distinctive flag for his personal use in common with British Governors in other parts of the world.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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