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Encyclopedia > British Sky Broadcasting
British Sky Broadcasting Group plc
Type Public (LSE: BSY)
Founded 1990; BSB 1986 and Sky 1989
Headquarters London, England, UK
Key people Rupert Murdoch (Chairman)
James Murdoch (CEO)
Industry Media
Products Pay TV services
Programming
Revenue £4,148 million (2006)
Operating income £798 million (2006)
Net income £551 million (2006)
Employees 16,000
Slogan Believe In Better
Website www.sky.com/corporate

British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB — formerly two companies, Sky Television and BSB) is a company that operates Sky Digital, a subscription television service in the UK and the Republic of Ireland. It produces TV content, and owns several TV channels. More than a third of the equity is owned by News Corporation, an American and Australian company chaired by Rupert Murdoch, who also acts as Chairman of BSkyB. (News Corporation's precise shareholding fluctuates due to share options and buy backs and was 39% at February 2007).[1] For the year to 30 June 2006 BSkyB had turnover of £4.148 billion, and made a profit of £798 million before tax and £551 million after tax. As of 30 June 2006 it had 8,176,000[2] direct to home customers in the UK and Ireland. However, this figure also includes all those who subscribe to "Sky By Wire" IPTV services such as Tiscali TV. As of the same date it also had 3,294,000 indirect customers through the cable operator Virgin Media in the UK, and a further 604,000 indirect cable customers on UPC Ireland in the Republic of Ireland. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOVD Articles that have been linked to this page are the subject of an NPOV dispute (NPOV stands for Neutral Point Of View; see below). ... Image File history File links Sky_Logo_2004_Transparent. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ... BSB logo British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) was a company set up in 1986 to provide direct broadcast satellite television services to the United Kingdom. ... Sky Television corporate identity from 1989, maintained by British Sky Broadcasting until 1995 Sky Television plc was a four-channel satellite television service launched by Rupert Murdochs News International on February 5, 1989. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Keith Rupert Murdoch AC, KCSG (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian born United States citizen who is a global media executive and is the controlling shareholder, chairman and managing director of News Corporation, based in New York. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... James Murdoch (born December 1972) is the CEO of British Sky Broadcasting and younger son of billionaire media tycoon Rupert Murdoch. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... This article is about work. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Sky Television corporate identity from 1989, maintained by British Sky Broadcasting until 1995 Sky Television plc was a four-channel satellite television service launched by Rupert Murdochs News International on February 5, 1989. ... BSB logo British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) was a company set up in 1986 to provide direct broadcast satellite television services to the United Kingdom. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: , LSE: NCRA) is an Australian media conglomerate company and one of the worlds largest. ... Keith Rupert Murdoch AC, KCSG (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian born United States citizen who is a global media executive and is the controlling shareholder, chairman and managing director of News Corporation, based in New York. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For details of notes and coins, see British coinage and British banknotes. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about internet protocol television. ... Tiscali TV is a UK-based consumer Video on Demand service, operated by the European telephony company, Tiscali SpA. The service, originally known as Homechoice, was provided by Video Networks Limited (VNL), based in Shepherds Bush in West London, until it was purchased by Tiscali UK in August 2006... Virgin Media Inc. ... UPC Ireland N.V. is Liberty Global Europes operation in Ireland. ...

Contents

Corporate information

Management

Total BSkyB viewing figures 1995-2007

Rupert Murdoch's News International (a wholly owned subsidiary of News Corporation) currently has a 38% stake in the company. News Corp also fully owns Sky Italia, about 78% of New Zealand's SKY Network Television Limited and Sky FBiH of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 800 pixel, file size: 34 KB, MIME type: image/png) BSkyB total viewing figures 1995-2007 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 800 pixel, file size: 34 KB, MIME type: image/png) BSkyB total viewing figures 1995-2007 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... News International is a British newspaper publisher owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: , LSE: NCRA) is an Australian media conglomerate company and one of the worlds largest. ... SKY Italia is an Italian digital satellite television platform owned by News Corporation. ... SKY Network Television Limited (ASX: ; NZX: SKT), often trading as SKY, is a New Zealand pay television service. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ...


The first CEO of BSkyB was Sam Chisholm, who was CEO of Sky TV before the merger. Chisholm served in this position until 1997. He was followed by Mark Booth who was credited with leading the company through the introduction of Sky Digital. Tony Ball was appointed in 1999 and completed the company's analogue to digital conversion. He is also credited with returning the company to profit and bringing subscriber numbers to new heights. In 2003 Ball announced his resignation and James Murdoch, son of Rupert Murdoch was announced as his successor. This appointment caused allegations of nepotism from shareholders.[3] “Chief executive” redirects here. ... James Murdoch (born December 1972) is the CEO of British Sky Broadcasting and younger son of billionaire media tycoon Rupert Murdoch. ... Look up nepotism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Organisation

Direct subsidiaries

  • British Sky Broadcasting Ltd.
    Operating company for the Sky pay-television service.
  • Sky Television Ltd.
    The original Sky Television plc, now a holding company
  • Sports Internet Group Ltd.
    Sports content and online betting services.
  • British Interactive Broadcasting Holdings Ltd.
    Interactive television services, formerly an alliance of BSkyB, BT Group, HSBC and Matsushita.
  • Easynet Ltd.
    Network infrastructure for Sky Broadband, UK Online, and third party corporate customers.
  • Mykindaplace.com.
    Being both an agency and a media owner, run many successful sites.
  • Aura Sports Ltd
    Media Sales Agency, sells advertising on the majority of premiership football club websites, as well as other major sports.
  • Aura Play Ltd
    Another Media Sales Agency, sells advertising across a number of websites in the music and entertainment sector.

Sky Television corporate identity from 1989, maintained by British Sky Broadcasting until 1995 Sky Television plc was a four-channel satellite television service launched by Rupert Murdochs News International on February 5, 1989. ... Digital TV set-top box Interactive television describes a number of techniques which allow viewers to interact with television content as they view it. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... For other uses, see HSBC (disambiguation). ... Logo for the Panasonic brand Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... Easynet is a pan-European advanced network owner with operations in ten European countries. ... Sky Broadband (not to be confused with Sky Anytimes previous brand, Sky By Broadband) is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings DSL Internet Service that launched in Summer 2006, after BSkyB purchased network provider Easynet in 2005 for a reported £211 million. ... UK Online is a consumer ISP that operate within the UK. Initially launching in November 2004 with a 1mb service, they did not appear to be offering anything out of the ordinary. ...

Joint ventures

Nickelodeon (Nick for short) is a cable and satellite TV network primarily for children and pre-teens. ... The History Channel UK is a British television channel broadcasting programmes related to historical events and persons. ... It has been suggested that Paramount Comedy 2 be merged into this article or section. ... Paramount Comedy 2 is a television channel shown in Ireland and the United Kingdom. ... Sky News Australia is an Australian 24 hour cable and satellite news channel available on Foxtel, Austar, Optus Television and Neighbourhood Cable subscription platforms. ... Sky News Australia is an Australian 24 hour cable and satellite news channel available on Foxtel, Austar, Optus Television and Neighbourhood Cable subscription platforms. ... Publishing and Broadcasting Limited, or PBL, is one of Australias major media companies. ... The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. ... MUTV is a British subscription based television channel, operated by Manchester United F.C.. The channel offers Manchester United fans exclusive interviews with players and staff, full matches, including all Premier League games (not broadcast live), reserves games and classic matches plus footballing news and other themed programming. ... The National Geographic Channel is a British television channel that features documentaries produced by the National Geographic Society. ... At the Races is a United Kingdom television channel, formerly run by Channel 4, but now owned by British Sky Broadcasting. ...

Others

Other subsidiaries include Sky In-Home Service Ltd which installs Sky equipment, and the Luxembourg based British Sky Broadcasting SA which is the company which leases transponders on Astra satellites. SES Astra SA, is a corporate subsidiary of SES, based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg, that owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ...


Financial Performance

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Year ended Turnover (£m) Profit/(loss)
before tax (£m)
Net profit/
(loss)(£m)
30 June 2007 4,551 815 499[4]
30 June 2006 4,148 798 551
30 June 2005 4,048 631 425
30 June 2004 3,656 480 322
30 June 2003 3,186 128 190
30 June 2002 2,776 (1,276) (1,383)
30 June 2001 2,306 (515) (539)
30 June 2000 1,847 (263) (272)
30 June 1999 1,545 (389) (285)
30 June 1998 1,434 271 249
30 June 1997 1,270 314 288
30 June 1996 1,008 257 -
30 June 1995 778 155 -
30 June 1994 550 93 -
30 June 1993 380 (76) -
30 June 1992 233 (188) -
30 June 1991 93 (759) -

is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...

Locations

The main headquarters are in Isleworth, London. Sky originated material is uplinked to the satellite from Chilworth, outside Southampton (and from the BT owned Madley and London Teleport earthstations). , Isleworth (IPA: ) is a suburb located in the London Borough of Hounslow alongside the River Thames in West London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Chilworth is a village in Hampshire, UK, very close to the city of Southampton. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... Madley Communications Centre earth satellite tracking station (photo by Philip Halling) Madley is a village and civil parish in the English county of Herefordshire. ...


The largest concentration of Sky staff in the UK is in Scotland; the main areas being in Livingston and Dunfermline. These house Sky's contact centres as well as the IT departments and Field Operations. This article is about the country. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...


Competition

The Ofcom Consumer Panel complained that the BskyB plan to operate pay TV services on Freeview was "generating serious consumer detriment"[5] and the National Consumer Council call the BSkyB plan "bad news for consumers,"[6] combined with representations from BT, Setanta, Top Up TV, and Virgin Media has caused Ofcom to launch an investigation into the "features of the [UK pay TV] market, including control over content, ownership of distribution platforms, retail subscriber bases and vertical integration."[7] This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... BT may stand for: Baal teshuvah, a Jew who became Orthodox (female version: Baalat teshuvah) BT tank, any of a series of Soviet military tanks Bacillus thuringiensis, a bacterium which forms Bt toxins Banjo-Tooie, a video game for the Nintendo 64 Baronet, a title in the British honours... Young Cúchulainn, 1912 illustration by Stephen Reid. ... Top Up TV is a pay TV service provided in the United Kingdom. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ...


Virgin Media

At present the other major pay-TV operator in the United Kingdom is the service provider Virgin Media (Rebranded in 2007 from NTL:Telewest). Virgin Media's cable network was also formed by numerous mergers and acquisitions over the last decade, with different cable companies having used different types of network and technology in their areas. This has made it difficult for the company to roll out new services across the UK quickly. Virgin Media Inc. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... This page deals with the combination of two companies into one. ... The phrase mergers and acquisitions (M&A) refers to the aspect of business strategy and management dealing with the merging and/or acquiring of different companies. ...


Virgin Media includes the Virgin Media Television production company which owns several channels, including a 50% stake in the UKTV network. The company's cable television service used to carry the majority of BSkyB's channels, making it one of BSkyB's most important customers as well as its biggest rival, however on February 28, 2007 BSkyB stopped offering their channel to Virgin Media Customers. Virgin Media Television (formerly known as Flextech) is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Virgin Media (previously known as NTL and Telewest) and acts as its television programme production arm. ... This article is about the UKTV network of channels in the UK and Ireland. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Virgin Media competes with Sky on price, and is able to differentiate itself from Sky through its ability to offer bundles of services such as Internet access and telephone service. Following NTL's purchase of Virgin Mobile in 2006, Virgin Media also offers a mobile telephone service.


Like Sky, Virgin Media offers High-definition television (HDTV) services. However, the number of channels available is limited by BSkyB's refusal to allow the HDTV channels it owns to be broadcast by other companies. This situation is somewhat addressed, however, by the fact that Virgin can provide HDTV content using its Video on Demand services and the fact that the V+ HDTV-supplying box can upscale all of its received transmissions to near-HDTV quality. Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... The Sky HD logo Sky HD is the brand name of the HDTV service launched by BSkyB on 22 May 2006 in the UK and the Republic of Ireland to enable high definition channels on Sky Digital to be viewed. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... Old TVDrive Logo V+ (previously known as TV Drive) is a product from Virgin Media which provides Personal Video Recording (PVR) and High Definition (HD) functionality to customers who subscribe to the service. ... It has been suggested that high end be merged into this article or section. ...


On 1 March 2007, BSkyB removed its basic Sky channels from the Virgin Media service after requesting Virgin pay the company £35,000,000, for the rights to show the channels, in what has been seen as an effort to move existing Virgin media customers to Sky. Virgin have refused outright to pay the sum, and, in a press release on Virgin Media's website, have said they will continue to "stand-up for the consumer" against, what has been seen, by all non-Murdoch owned British press, as "playground bully tactics". Recent print advertising for Sky however claims that Virgin media 'doubted the value' of the channels concerned, and implies the decision to drop the channels was that of Virgin Media. On 6 March 2007 Sky launched a radio advert urging Virgin customers to migrate to Sky to access their "favourite shows". is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Virgin Media has now decided to take legal action on British Sky Broadcasting for taking away their Sky Basic channels from Virgin media customers.


Television over ADSL services

Sky is facing increased competition from telecommunications providers delivering pay television services over existing telephone lines using ADSL. Such providers are potentially able to offer "triple-play" or "quad-play" packages combining land-line telephone, broadband Internet, mobile telephone and pay television services. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ...


In the final quarter of 2006, BT, the UK's biggest Telephone company, launched BT Vision. The BT Vision set-top box, provides true Video on Demand (VoD) over BT's telephone lines using ADSL. The set-top-box complements the VoD component by providing access to the Freeview digital terrestrial television service. It is expected that before the end of 2007, Virgin Media and Tiscali TV will have rolled out similar services to parts of the country not currently served by their cable networks. Additionally, Orange are also planning such a service. BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... BT Vision is a service provided in the United Kingdom supplied by BT Group. ... A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) is a device that connects to a television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into content which is then displayed on the television screen. ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Tiscali TV is a UK-based consumer Video on Demand service, operated by the European telephony company, Tiscali SpA. The service, originally known as Homechoice, was provided by Video Networks Limited (VNL), based in Shepherds Bush in West London, until it was purchased by Tiscali UK in August 2006... Orange SA IPA: is a mobile network operator and an internet service provider that is a subsidiary of France Télécom. ...


To compete with these providers, in October 2005, BSkyB bought the broadband Internet Service Provider Easynet for £211 million. This acquisition has allowed BSkyB to recently start offering its "Sky Anytime on PC" service as well as a "triple play" package combining satellite television, land-line telephone and Broadband service. Broadband in telecommunications is a term that refers to a signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies, which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... “ISP” redirects here. ... Easynet is a pan-European advanced network owner with operations in ten European countries. ... In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ...


Digital Terrestrial Television

BSkyB initially faced competition from the ONdigital digital terrestrial television service (later renamed ITV Digital). ITV Digital failed for numerous reasons, including, but not limited to numerous administrative and technical failures, nervous investors after a large down-turn in the advertising market and the dot com crash, and BSkyB's aggressive marketing and domination of premium sporting rights. ITV Digital used to be the sole British terrestrial digital television broadcaster. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Sky was more receptive to ITV Digital's FTA replacement, Freeview, in which it holds an equal stake with the BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and National Grid Wireless. At the time of writing, three BSkyB channels are available on this platform: Sky News, Sky Three, and Sky Sports News. Initially BSkyB provided Sky Travel to the service. However, this was replaced by Sky Three on 31 October 2005, allowing BSkyB to air its exclusive licensed content with delays of between 12-18 months from their original air dates on Sky One. Free-to-air is a phrase used to describe television and radio broadcasts which are available without subscription and without decryption (pay-TV). ... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British television station. ... National Grid Wireless (formerly Crown Castle UK) is a company which provides telecommunications infrastructure and broadcast transmission facilities in the UK. Its main customers are broadcasters and mobile phone network operators, and its main asset is a network of over 1,000 radio masts and towers. ... Sky News is a 24-hour British domestic and international television news channel that started broadcasting on 16 February 1989 as part of the then four-channel Sky Television service, as well as a hourly news radio service in the UK. Broadcast of a 24-hour radio service is due... Sky Three is a television station from BSkyB broadcasting to the the UK, designed to accompany their existing Sky One and Sky Two subscription channels. ... Sky Sports News (SSN) is a 24-hour sports news channel in the United Kingdom. ... Sky Travel is a channel from BSkyB that shows extensive programmes about travel, adverts for travel agencies, and documentries. ... Sky Three is a television station from BSkyB broadcasting to the the UK, designed to accompany their existing Sky One and Sky Two subscription channels. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


Terrestrial television companies currently have limited bandwidth. This means that, at present, there is little or no option to offer HD services, until after the final analogue television services are switched off in 2012 freeing up substantial bandwidth.


In a response to the push towards Free to Air services such as Freesat and Freeview, BSkyB has marketed its own free to view offering (Freesat from Sky). Freesat is a BBC-owned trademark for free to air digital satellite television services targeting the UK. It is used as a tradename by two, differing systems, one of which is not purely free-to-air. ... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... BSkyB Logo Freesat from Sky is a British non subscription based satellite service from BSkyB which gives viewers access to 150 channels. ...


On February 8, 2007, Sky announced its intention to replace its three free-to-air digital terrestrial channels with four subscription channels. It was proposed that these channels would offer a range of content from the Sky portfolio including sport (including English Premiership Football), movies, entertainment and news.[8] The announcement came a day after Setanta Sports confirmed that it would launch in March as a subscription service on the digital terrestrial platform, and on the same day that NTL's services rebranded as Virgin Media. However, industry sources believe Sky will be forced to shelve plans to withdraw its channels from Freeview and replace them with subscription channels, due to possible lost advertising revenue.[9] is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Setanta Sports (pronunciation: ) is an international sports broadcaster, operating 12 channels in 24 countries. ... Virgin Media Inc. ...


History

The Astra satellite network began with the launch of Astra 1A in 1989. With the launch of more Astra satellites from 1991 onward BSkyB was able to begin expanding its services (the Astra satellites were all orbitally co-located so that they could be received using the same dish). SES Astra SA, is a corporate subsidiary of SES, based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg, that owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ... Astra 1A was the first satellite launched and operated by Société Européenne des Satellites (SES), now SES Astra. ...


Sky does not own any of the satellites it has used since withdrawing service from the Marcopolo craft; the Astra satellites are owned and operated by SES Astra and Eurobird 1 by Eutelsat. Sky has shared its orbital position with other pay-TV systems in the past. SES Astra SA, is a corporate subsidiary of SES, based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg, that owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ...


Origins

Further information: Sky Television plc and British Satellite Broadcasting

Sky Television corporate identity from 1989, maintained by British Sky Broadcasting until 1995 Sky Television plc was a four-channel satellite television service launched by Rupert Murdochs News International on February 5, 1989. ... BSB logo British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) was a company set up in 1986 to provide direct broadcast satellite television services to the United Kingdom. ...

Early years

Evolution of UK satellite television
Evolution of UK satellite television

By 1990 both Rupert Murdoch's Sky Television and the BSB alliance were beginning to struggle with the burden of massive losses. The collapse of BSB in November 1990 led to a merger, which was in effect a takeover by Sky. Image File history File links UK_satellite_TV_evolution_vector. ... Image File history File links UK_satellite_TV_evolution_vector. ...


The new company was called British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB) but marketed as Sky, Marco Polo House was sold, BSB's channels were largely scrapped in favour of Sky's and the Marco Polo satellites were run down and eventually sold in favour of the Astra system (Marcopolo I in December 1993 to NSAB of Sweden and Marcopolo II in July 1992 to Telenor of Norway. Both companies had already one HS376 in orbit at the time). The merger may have saved Sky financially; despite its popularity, Sky had very few major advertisers to begin with. Acquiring BSB's healthier advertising contracts and equipment apparently solved the company's problems. Marco Polo House is a large building at 346 Queenstown Road facing Battersea Park in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... Marcopolo 1 and 2 (spelled thus) were two satellites launched in 1989 in order to carry the five television channels of Britains official direct broadcast satellite company, British Satellite Broadcasting. ... SES Astra SA, is a corporate subsidiary of SES, based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg, that owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ... Nordic Satellite AB (NSAB) is a company that operates two SIRIUS satellites, which provide the Nordic countries and the Baltic states, with TV, radio, data and communications solutions. ... Telenor (OSE: TEL, NASDAQ: TELN) is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. ...


Move to Digital

The launch of the first Astra 2 series satellite at a new orbital position, 28.2° east, in 1997 (followed by more Astra satellites as well as Eutelsat's Eurobird 1 at 28.5°E), enabled the company to launch a new all-digital service, Sky Digital, with the potential to carry hundreds of television and radio channels. The Astra 2 fleet at 28.2° east maintains a geostationary orbit 35,600 km from earth and was built by Hughes (now Boeing Satellite Systems) and Astrium (now EADS Astrium). Eutelsat S.A. is a French-based satellite provider. ... Eurobird 1 is a Eutelsat operated satellite, used for digital television. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... Geostationary orbit A geostationary orbit (GEO) is a geosynchronous orbit directly above the Earths equator (0° latitude), with orbital eccentricity of zero. ... Hughes Electronics Corporation was formed in 1985 when Hughes Aircraft was sold by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute to General Motors for $5 billion. ... Boeing Satellite Systems is a major business unit of Boeing Integrated Defense Systems. ... EADS Astrium, one of the three business units of EADS Space, this company being a subsidiary of EADS, is an European space manufacturer involved in the manufacture of spacecraft used for science, Earth observation and telecommunication, as well as the equipment and subsystems used therein and related ground systems. ... EADS Astrium, one of the three business units of EADS Space, this company being a subsidiary of EADS, is an European space manufacturer involved in the manufacture of spacecraft used for science, Earth observation and telecommunication, as well as the equipment and subsystems used therein and related ground systems. ...


Timeline

  • 1989 Feb 5 — Sky television launches DTH UK service via Astra satellite
  • 1990 — Sky subscribers reach 1 million
  • 1990 November — British Sky Broadcasting formed by merger of Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB). Murdoch the majority shareholder through News International, BSB partners Pearson and Granada become minority shareholders through BSB Holdings Limited (BSBH)
  • 1991 — Of BSB's five channels; Now news programmes merged with Sky News, Galaxy merged with Sky One, the Sports Channel and Movie Channel are maintained, Powerstation is withdrawn. Sky One, Sky News and Sky Movies maintained but Eurosport is withdrawn
  • 1992 July — BSkyB sells the former BSB Marcopolo II satellite to Telenor
  • 1992 — BSkyB signs exclusive live television rights deal with the FA Premier League
  • 1992 December 31 — BSkyB ceases transmissions to Marcopolo I satellite
  • 1993 — "Sky Multichannel" packages launched
  • 1993 — December — BSkyB sells the former BSB Marcopolo I satellite to NSAB
  • 1994 — 17% of BSkyB is floated on the London and New York stock exchanges
  • 1994 — Five more channels launch, including Sky Sports 2
  • 1995 — Six more channels launched including History Channel and Disney Channel
  • 1995 — BSkyB enter the FTSE 100 Index
  • 1996 — BSkyB signs an extension of its Premier League rights for £670 million
  • 1998 August 30 — First of a new generation of Astra satellites launched, paving way for digital satellite television. Sky Digital launches on October 1
  • 1999 — Vivendi SA becomes sole shareholder of BSBH, which held 11.8% of BSkyB at the time. It also acquired the shareholding of Pathé through merger, bringing its total shareholding to 22% (as of 2001). BSkyB Chairman Jérôme Seydoux forced to resign due to sale of Pathé's interest; Murdoch takes Chairmanship to prevent Vivendi acquiring it (as it would be entitled to)
  • 2001 — BSkyB signs 5 millionth subscriber. Analogue service discontinued
  • 2001 — Sky+ introduced: A set top box/digital video recorder hybrid
  • 2001 — December — Vivendi Universal sells part of its shareholding comprising 8% of the company, followed by the remaining 14% in May 2002
  • 2002 — BSkyB takes an equal share of Freeview, in partnership with the BBC and Crown Castle (now part of National Grid)
  • 2003 — James Murdoch elected as CEO, replacing Tony Ball
  • 2003 — Sky subscribers reach 7.5 million
  • 2003 — Sky acquires the television series 24 from Fox which was previously shown on the BBC
  • 2005 — BSkyB purchase network provider Easynet for £211m ($373.1m).[10]
  • 2005 — Sky launches Sky by Broadband, a service available to existing movie and sports service subscribers that allows them to download movies and sports clips direct to their home computer. The service is made available free of charge
  • 2006 — Sky HD launches on May 22, with a line-up of 10 high definition channels
  • 2006 — Sky acquires Mykindaplace.com to expand its internet presence
  • 2006 — Sky acquires Aura Sports Ltd to expand its internet media sales presence
  • 2006 — Sky achieves CarbonNeutral status[11]
  • 2006 — Sky launches and allows pre-registering of its new broadband service
  • 2006 — Sky is listed as one of the applicants for the licence to manage Ireland's digital terrestrial television network
  • 2006 — Sky acquires Season 3 and 4 of Lost in a multi-million pound deal with Buena Vista International Television (previous series were shown on Channel 4)
  • 2006 — Sky acquires 17.9% stake in ITV, Britain's largest free-to-air commercial broadcaster.
  • 2006 — Sky rebrands VOD services, such as Sky By Broadband, as Sky Anytime, adding US imports to on-demand content.
  • 2007 — Sky announces plans to launch pay channels on the digital terrestrial platform.
  • 2007 — Secretary of State for Trade and Industry Alistair Darling asks media regulator Ofcom to investigate Sky's purchase of a stake in ITV plc.[12]
  • 2007 — Sky's increased price demands causes Virgin Media to not renew the contract to provide Sky basic channels (effective from 1 March 2007) after negotiations falls through.
  • 2007 — BSkyB acquire electronics manufacturer Amstrad for a reported £125 million.[13]
  • 2007 October 29 — Sky Broadband reach 1 million customer mark.[14]
  • 2007 October 29 — BSkyB offer to give up part of their ITV voting rights after a ruling from the Competition Commission.[15]

February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... SES Astra SA, is a corporate subsidiary of SES, based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg, that owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ... Sky Television corporate identity from 1989, maintained by British Sky Broadcasting until 1995 Sky Television plc was a four-channel satellite television service launched by Rupert Murdochs News International on February 5, 1989. ... BSB logo British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) was a company set up in 1986 to provide direct broadcast satellite television services to the United Kingdom. ... Keith Rupert Murdoch AC, KCSG (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian born United States citizen who is a global media executive and is the controlling shareholder, chairman and managing director of News Corporation, based in New York. ... News International is a British newspaper publisher owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... Pearson plc LSE: PSON;NYSE: PSO is a London-based media conglomerate. ... Granada plc (previously called Granada Group plc and Granada Media plc) is a former British media and previously catering conglomarate, best known as the former parent of Granada Television Limited. ... Eurosport is the largest European sports satellite and cable network available in 54 countries and broadcasting in 18 different languages. ... Telenor (OSE: TEL, NASDAQ: TELN) is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. ... For the Scottish equivalent see Scottish Premier League The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in England and the Barclays English Premier League or just simply The EPL internationally) is a league competition for football clubs located at the top of the English football league system... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Nordic Satellite AB (NSAB) is a company that operates two SIRIUS satellites, which provide the Nordic countries and the Baltic states, with TV, radio, data and communications solutions. ... Sky Sports is the brand name for a group of 9 channels. ... The History Channel UK is a British television channel broadcasting programmes related to historical events and persons. ... For the Disney Channel in other countries, see Disney Channel around the world. ... The Financial Times Stock Exchange Index of 100 Leading Shares, or FTSE 100 Index (pronounced footsie), is a share index of the 100 largest companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... SES Astra SA, is a corporate subsidiary of SES, based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg, that owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Vivendi SA was created in 1998 when Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE), a major French industrial and media company, was renamed. ... Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ... Vivendi Universal (VU) is a French conglomerate active in media and communications with activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications and the Internet. ... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... National Grid plc is a United Kingdom based utilities company which also operates in other countries, principally in the United States. ... James Murdoch (born December 1972) is the CEO of British Sky Broadcasting and younger son of billionaire media tycoon Rupert Murdoch. ... For other uses, see 24 (disambiguation). ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... The deployment of digital terrestrial television in Ireland has had a chequered history, with the first tests being carried out in 1998, but no public trials until August 2006. ... “LOST” redirects here. ... Buena Vista International Television (BVITV) is responsible for The Walt Disney Company’s branded and non-branded filmed entertainment distribution, now distributing more than 30,000 hours of content to over 1300 broadcasters across 240 territories worldwide. ... This article is about the British television station. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... The Secretary of State for Trade and Industry is a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government. ... Alistair Maclean Darling (born November 28, 1953) is a British politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer since June 28, 2007. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Amstrad is a manufacturer of electronics based in Brentwood in Essex, England and founded in 1968 by Sir Alan Michael Sugar in the UK. The name is a contraction of Alan Michael Sugar Trading. ... The Competition Commission is an independent body responsible for investigating mergers, market shares and conditions and the regulation of UK companies. ...

Future

Sky Digital "mini-dish"
Sky Digital "mini-dish"

The Economist has suggested that News Corporation would eventually like to merge BSkyB with its US satellite operation, DirecTV and possibly its Star network to form a global satellite TV company[citation needed]. However, News Corporation has now sold its stake in DirecTV; in return for the sale Murdoch got John Malone's stake in News Corp. Sky is also rumoured to be interested in adding NFL Sunday Ticket (currently available on DirecTV in the US). Image File history File links Sky_minidish. ... Image File history File links Sky_minidish. ... The Economist is an English-language weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London. ... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... Star TV can refer to the following: Star TV (Ukraine): An electronic/club music channel in Ukraine Star TV (Turkey): A general entertainment channel in Turkey Star TV (Tanzania): A television station in Tanzania STAR TV (Asia): An Asian satellite service owned by News Corporation Startv (Canada): A Canadian weekly... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... John C. Malone is the current chairman of Liberty Media. ... News Corporation (NYSE: NWS) is a media conglomerate that operates world-wide. ... NFL Sunday Ticket is an Out-of-Market Sports Package that broadcasts National Football League regular season games unavailable on local affiliates. ...


EPG

Sky has recently developed a new version of its Sky Guide electronic programme guide (EPG) service, which includes new genres, easier access to channels, and a complete renumbering system. It also includes new hotkeys to get into new menus quicker. This is the biggest change to the Sky EPG since its launch in 1998. An electronic program (or programme) guide, or EPG, is a program schedule, typically broadcast alongside digital television or radio signals. ... The Sky Digital EPG in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. ...


On Demand services

Main article: Sky Anytime

Sky Anytime is the current brand for Sky's on-demand services currently available on TV, PC and 3G mobile phones. Sky Anytime is the brand-name of a range of on demand services from BSkyB designed to compete with Video on demand services currently offered by cable companies such as Virgin Media. ... 3G is the third generation of mobile phone standards and technology, after 2G. It is based on the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) family of standards under the International Mobile Telecommunications programme, IMT-2000. 3G technologies enable network operators to offer users a wider range of more advanced services while achieving...


High Definition TV (HDTV)

Main article: Sky HD

BSkyB launched its HDTV service, Sky HD, on 22 May 2006. Leading up to the launch, Sky claimed that 40,000 people had signed up to the HD service. However, in the week before the launch rumours started to surface that Sky was having supply problems of its Set Top Box (STB) from manufacturer Thomson. Starting on Thursday 18 May, and then all through the weekend before launch, people were reporting that Sky had either cancelled or rescheduled its installations. Finally, the BBC reported that 17,000 customers had been let down for the launch due to failed deliveries.[16] Some customers reported installations were only cancelled on the day of the launch. The episode was widely seen as being very embarrassing for Sky, who until that point had been extremely conservative in new service launch schedules. The supply problems were resolved shortly after launch. The Sky HD logo Sky HD is the brand name of the HDTV service launched by BSkyB on 22 May 2006 in the UK and the Republic of Ireland to enable high definition channels on Sky Digital to be viewed. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... The Sky HD logo Sky HD is the brand name of the HDTV service launched by BSkyB on 22 May 2006 in the UK and the Republic of Ireland to enable high definition channels on Sky Digital to be viewed. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the media and entertainment company. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


According to figures published by Sky, there were 244,000 subscribers to the Sky HD service by 31st March 2007.


Football rights

BSkyB's purchase of broadcast rights for major sporting events, most importantly Premiership football, has been the bedrock of its success. The company paid over £300 million for the FA Premier League rights, beating the BBC and ITV, and has had a monopoly of live matches since the inception of the Premier League in 1992. Murdoch has described sport as a "battering ram" for pay-television, providing a strong customer base.[17] For the Scottish equivalent see Scottish Premier League The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in England and the Barclays English Premier League or just simply The EPL internationally) is a league competition for football clubs located at the top of the English football league system... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting...


However, following a lengthy legal battle with the European Commission, which deemed the exclusivity of the rights to be against the interests of competition and the consumer, BSkyB's monopoly will come to an end from the 2007–08 season. In May 2006 the Irish broadcaster Setanta Sports was awarded two of the six Premiership packages that the English FA offered to broadcasters. Sky picked up the remaining four for £1.3 billion.[18] The 2007-2008 season will be the 128th season of competitive football in England. ... Setanta Sports (pronunciation: ) is an international sports broadcaster, operating 12 channels in 24 countries. ...


BT offer a pay per view service of selected Premier League matches through their BT Vision service[19], and Virgin Media offer free highlights on the Virgin Media website. [20] BT Vision is a service provided in the United Kingdom supplied by BT Group. ... Virgin Media Inc. ...


Set Top Boxes and conditional access

Sky utilizes the VideoGuard pay-TV scrambling system owned by NDS, a News Corporation subsidiary. There are tight controls over use of VideoGuard decoders; they are not available as stand-alone DVB CAMs (Conditional Access Modules). BSkyB has design authority over all digital satellite receivers capable of receiving their service. The receivers, though designed and built by different manufacturers, must conform to the same user interface look-and-feel as all the others. This extends to the Personal video recorder (PVR) offering (branded Sky+). Although the manufacturers have to follow BSkyB's design criteria. Many people think that giving the broadcaster such total control over the viewing experience (and viewing prices) may keep other PVR features from appearing on BSkyB's receivers due to the monopoly position over the decoding CAMs[citation needed]. BSkyB initially charged additional subscription fees for using a Sky+ PVR with their service; however, from early 2004, this additional £10 per month charge was waived for subscribers whose package includes two or more premium channels or Sky HD boxes to encourage existing owners to upgrade. As from July 1, 2007, customers that do have Sky+ and pay £10 (as they don't subscribe to 2 or more premium channels) will get Sky+ free of charge. The few customers that don't subscribe to Sky's channels and have Sky+ still pay the £10 per month. In September 2007, Sky launched a new TV advertising campaign targeting Sky+ at women.[21] VideoGuard, produced by NDS, is a digital encryption system for use with conditional access television broadcasting. ... NDS Group plc is a DRM and conditional access firm. ... Official DVB logo, found on compliant devices DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted open standards for digital television. ... A Conditional Access Module (CAM) is an electronic device, usually incorporating a slot for a smart card, which gives a DVB television or set-top box with the appropriate hardware the facility to decrypt scrambled programmes. ... A digital video recorder (DVR) is a device that records video to a digital storage medium in digital form. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Television channels operated by BSkyB

At the Races is a United Kingdom television channel, formerly run by Channel 4, but now owned by British Sky Broadcasting. ... Sky Active is the brand name for interactive features on Sky Digital and is available in the UK and Ireland. ... Sky Arts was an opt-out service from the Sky News television channel on the Marcopolo satellite. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sky Arts was an opt-out service from the Sky News television channel on the Marcopolo satellite. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sky Box Office is the name of BSkyBs Pay Per View (PPV) system. ... Sky Box Office is the name of BSkyBs Pay Per View (PPV) system. ... Sky Box Office is the name of BSkyBs Pay Per View (PPV) system. ... Sky Movies is the collective name for the British premium subscription television movie channels operated by Sky Television, later British Sky Broadcasting. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sky Movies is the collective name for the British premium subscription television movie channels operated by Sky Television, later British Sky Broadcasting. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... Sky News is a 24-hour British domestic and international television news channel that started broadcasting on 16 February 1989 as part of the then four-channel Sky Television service, as well as a hourly news radio service in the UK. Broadcast of a 24-hour radio service is due... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Sky Two (launched and branded as Sky One Mix until September 21, 2004, and subsequently known as Sky Mix until October 31, 2005) is a United Kingdom satellite television channel run by British Sky Broadcasting. ... Sky Mix (launched and branded as Sky One Mix until September 21, 2004) is a United Kingdom satellite television channel run by British Sky Broadcasting. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sky Three is a television station from BSkyB broadcasting to the the UK, designed to accompany their existing Sky One and Sky Two subscription channels. ... Sky Sports is the brand name for a group of 9 channels. ... Sky Sports is the brand name for a group of 9 channels. ... Sky Sports is the brand name for a group of 9 channels. ... Sky Sports News (SSN) is a 24-hour sports news channel in the United Kingdom. ... Sky Real Lives is a channel from BSkyB that shows extensive programmes about travel, adverts for travel agencies, and documentries. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sky Real Lives is a channel from BSkyB that shows extensive programmes about travel, adverts for travel agencies, and documentries. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sky Real Lives is a channel from BSkyB that shows extensive programmes about travel, adverts for travel agencies, and documentries. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sky Travel was first launched in 2003 as Sky Travel Shop, and showed extensive programmes about travel, adverts for travel agencies, and documentries, with Sky Travel Shop being the adverts for travel agencies. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sky Vegas is an interactive entertainment channel that broadcasts gambling programming live from around 6pm to around 2am. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sky Vegas is an interactive entertainment channel that broadcasts gambling programming live from around 6pm to around 2am. ...

See also

All channels are pay-tv channels on Skys Sky World package, unless stated. ... Sky Broadband (not to be confused with Sky Anytimes previous brand, Sky By Broadband) is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings DSL Internet Service that launched in Summer 2006, after BSkyB purchased network provider Easynet in 2005 for a reported £211 million. ... Sky Kids magazine is a monthly magazine which comes with the Sky Magazine. ... Sky Magazine was a UK magazine started in the late 1980s which ceased publication in 2001. ...

References

  1. ^ Shah, Saeed. "Minister takes on Murdoch over Sky stake in ITV", The Independent, 2007-02-27. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  2. ^ British Sky Broadcasting Group plc, Results for the twelve months ended 30 June 2006PDF (229 KiB)
  3. ^ Bell, Emily. "Rupert and the joys of nepotism", The Guardian, 2003-11-05. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. 
  4. ^ BSkyB - Corporate - Press Release. Retrieved on 2007-08-12.
  5. ^ Consumer Panel asks Ofcom to step in to resolve Virgin and BSkyB dispute (2006-03-14).
  6. ^ NCC demands action on dispute between Virgin Media and BSkyB (2007-03-01).
  7. ^ Market investigation into the pay TV industry (2007-03-20).
  8. ^ Oatts, Joanne. "Sky to launch new DTT service", Digital Spy, 2007-02-08. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  9. ^ Quinn, Ian. "Sky rethinks Freeview exit and football strategy", Brand Republic, 2007-03-05. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  10. ^ BSkyB swoops on internet provider. BBC News (2005-10-21).
  11. ^ The Climate Group
  12. ^ Tryhorn, Chris. "Darling steps into Sky–ITV row", The Guardian, 2007-02-26. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  13. ^ BSkyB agrees £125m Amstrad deal. BBC News (2007-07-31). Retrieved on 2007-07-31.
  14. ^ BSkyB passes 1 million broadband customers. Reuters (2007-10-29). Retrieved on 2007-10-29.
  15. ^ BSkyB offers ITV vote surrender. BBC News (2007-10-29). Retrieved on 2007-10-29.
  16. ^ "Sky HDTV launch runs into trouble", BBC News, 2006-05-22. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  17. ^ Douglas, Torin. "Murdoch's rise to the top", BBC News, 1999-03-12. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  18. ^ "Setanta joins Premiership action", BBC News, 2006-05-05. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  19. ^ http://sport.btvision.com/what/
  20. ^ http://www.virginmedia.com/sport/match-highlights.php
  21. ^ "BSkyB's new Sky+ advert claims to show What Women Think", Tech Digest, 2007-09-14. Retrieved on 2007-09-14. 

For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  • Corporate Responsibility: Sky's Street Race In Mumbai, India
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  Results from FactBites:
 
British Sky Broadcasting (0 words)
British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly Sky Television) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service operating in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
The Astra satellite was owned by a Luxembourg-based consortium and controlled from there, but Sky's broadcasts originated in the UK and were subject to British regulation, originally by the Cable Authority and later by the Independent Television Commission.
The failure of rival company British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) in November 1990 led to a merger, although some of Sky's detractors saw it as a takeover.
Sky.com - Home>Terms And Conditions (0 words)
Sky Broadband is provided by Sky Broadband S.A to residential Sky TV subscribers within the United Kingdom.
You can cancel Sky Broadband within 8 working days of the later of delivery of your Sky Broadband box (if you are installing Sky Broadband yourself) or your installation by Sky In-Home Services Limited and the date your line is first activated by BT to receive Sky Broadband.
Sky does not have a refund policy, but, if you feel the service you receive falls below that which you should reasonably expect from Sky, we will ensure that your complaint is dealt with appropriately.
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