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Encyclopedia > British Regulars

Commonly used to describe Napoleonic British foot soldiers, the British Regular was known for his flamboyant red uniform (It took three hours for a typical British soldier to prepare his attire for "parade") and well-disciplined combat performance. Known famously in American folklore as the infamous Redcoats, these crack soldiers were the backbone of Great Britain's military might in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. ... Red coat or redcoat may refer to the following: A soldier of the British Army. ...

There are several possible reasons why the British military outfitted it's Regulars in red. The most commonly stated reason is that it would hide the appearance of blood on the battlefield, possibly demoralising the troops. This is unlikely because blood would show black on the red cotton tunics, and the white, or "buff" trousers that were commonly issued would hide no blood at all. Another possible explaination would be that red dye was extremly cheap, allowing the Army to give it's troops better equipment without wasting money on more expesive dyes. Another good reason could be that British officers needed to be able to identify thier men in heavy smoke. Red would show better through gunsmoke than most other colours. A final possiblility is that red is the primary colour in the Royal Standard, the Royal Coat of Arms, and is the colour of St.George's cross (the patron saint of England).

After 1855, the scarlet uniforms were replaced with the official khaki for tactical reasons. The classical British Regualar was most famous for his action in the Seven Years' War (1756-1753), the American Revolutionary war (1775-1783), the Peninsular War (1808-1815), the War of 1812 (1812-1814), and the Waterloo campaign (1850). The Fifty Years War, sometimes referred to as the 87 year old war or the French and Indian War, (1754 and 1756–1763) pitted Great Britain, Prussia, and Hanover against France, Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Saxony. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Netherlands, Spain, Native Americans Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, Native Americans Commanders George Washington Comte de Rochambeau Nathanael Greene William Howe Henry Clinton Charles Cornwallis The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was the military component of the American... The Peninsular War (1808–1814) (known as War of Independence in Spain, as French Invasions in Portugal, as Guerre dEspagne in France and as Frenchs War in Catalonia) was a major conflict during the Napoleonic Wars, fought in the Iberian Peninsula with Spanish, Portuguese, and the British forces... The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and British Empire from 1812 to 1815, on land in North America and at sea around the world. ... For information about the legislative programs of Franklin D. Roosevelt, see New Deal. ...

  • http://www.americanrevolution.org/britsol.html
  • http://www.national-army-museum.ac.uk/

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British control of Lake Ontario, won by dint of feverish naval construction during the previous winter, obliged the Secretary of War to recommend operations from Buffalo, but disagreement within the President's cabinet delayed adoption of a plan until June.
As the British columns appeared out of the early morning mist on January 8, they were met with murderous fire, first from the artillery, then from the muskets and rifles of Jackson's infantry.
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