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Encyclopedia > British Film Institute

The British Film Institute (BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter to "encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film, television and the moving image generally, and their impact on society, to promote access to and appreciation of the widest possible range of British and world cinema and to establish, care for and develop collections reflecting the moving image history and heritage of the United Kingdom." A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ...

London IMAX cinema
London IMAX cinema

The BFI takes a global view of cinema, programming films from all over the world at its venues: it runs the National Film Theatre and IMAX theatre, both located on the south bank of the River Thames in London. Whilst the IMAX shows popular recent releases and short films showcasing its technology, the NFT shows critically-acclaimed historical pieces that would not otherwise find a showing. It publishes the monthly Sight and Sound magazine and hosts the annual London Film Festival and London Lesbian & Gay Film Festival. It is also maintains the world's largest film archive, the National Film and Television Archive, containing in total about 500,000 works of television and film. It also publishes DVDs and books; and runs the BFI National Library, a reference library. It maintains the SIFT (Summary of Information on Film and Television) database, which contains credits, synopses and other data on global film and TV. It has a substantial collection of around 7 million film and TV stills. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1170 KB) Photo of the London IMAX cinema taken by me, 20 July 2005 17:18:38 File links The following pages link to this file: IMAX British Film Institute ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1170 KB) Photo of the London IMAX cinema taken by me, 20 July 2005 17:18:38 File links The following pages link to this file: IMAX British Film Institute ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex. ... The used book sale in front of the National Film Theatre The National Film Theatre is located on the South Bank of the river Thames in London. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex. ... The Thames (pronounced //) is a river flowing through southern England and connecting London with the sea. ... For other uses, see London (disambiguation) and Defining London (below). ... Sight and Sound is a British monthly magazine about film. ... The British National Film and Television Archive collects, preserves, restores and then shares the films and television programmes which have helped to shape and record British life and times since cinema was invented in the late nineteenth century. ... The official DVD logo. ... Possible meanings: Scale-invariant feature transform Secure Internet File Transfer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The BFI is currently managed on a day-to-day basis by its director, Amanda Nevill. Her activities are directed by a Chairman and a board of up to 14 trustees. The current chairman is Anthony Minghella. The chairman of the board is appointed by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport who receives recommendations from the Film Council. Other board members are co-opted by existing board members when required. These appointments are ratified by the Film Council. Anthony Minghella (born January 6, 1954) is a British film director, playwright and screenwriter. ... The Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport is a UK cabinet position with responsibility for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. ...


The BFI operates using three sources of income. The largest source is public money allocated through the Film Council from the funds given to the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. In 2003, this funding amounted to approximately £15m. The second largest source is commercial activity such as receipts from the National Film Theatre and IMAX theatre (2003, ~£10m). Finally grants of around £5m were obtained from various sources, primarily National Lottery funding grants, but also through donations. J. Paul Getty, Jr. donated around £1m in his will following his death in 2003. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A play here! sign outside a newsagent, incorporating the National Lotterys logo of a stylised hand with crossed fingers. ... Sir John Paul Getty (September 7, 1932 – April 17, 2003) was a wealthy American-born British philanthropist and book-collector. ...


The BFI also devotes a large amount of its time to the preservation and study of British television programming and its history. In 2000, it published a high-profile list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes, as voted for by a range of industry figures. This article is about the year 2000. ... 100 Greatest British Television Programmes was a list compiled in 2000 by the British Film Institute (BFI) chosen by a poll of industry professionals, to determine what were the greatest British television programmes of any genre ever to have been screened. ...


History

The institute was founded in 1933. Despite its foundation resulting from a recommendation in a report on Film and National Life, at that time the institute was a private company, though it has received public money throughout its history - from the Privy Council and Treasury until 1965 and the various culture departments since then. The institute was restructured following the Radcliffe Report of 1948 which recommended that the institute should concentrate on developing the appreciate on the films art, rather than creating film itself. Thus control of educational film production passed to the National Committee for Visual Aids in Education and the British Film Academy assumed control for promoting production. 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...


In 1988 the BFI opened the London Museum of the Moving Image (MOMI) on the South Bank. It could not make a success out of it, and the Museum was 'temporarily' closed in 1999, a situation that became permanent in 2002. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Museum of the Moving Image (MOMI) was a museum of the history of moving picture technology and media, including cinema and its forerunners, opened in 1988 and sited below Waterloo Bridge and forming part of the cultural complex on the South Bank of the River Thames, London. ... The National Theatre is one of the collection of arts buildings that make up the South Bank Centre. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...


The institute finally received a Royal Charter in 1983. It was updated in 2000, when the Film Council was created to govern its activities. 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

screenonline is a website devoted to the history of British film and television, and to social history as revealed by film and television. ... The American Film Institute (AFI) is an independent non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act. ... In 1999 the British Film Institute surveyed 1000 people from the world of UK film and television to produce the BFI 100 list of the greatest British films of the 20th century. ...

References

  • BFI homepage
  • About the BFI

  Results from FactBites:
 
British Film Institute - definition of British Film Institute in Encyclopedia (497 words)
The BFI takes a global view of cinema, programming films from all over the world at its venues: it runs the National Film Theatre and IMAX theatre, both located on the south bank of the River Thames in London.
It is also maintains the world's largest film archive, the National Film and Television Archive, containing in total about 500,000 works of television and film.
The institute was restructured following the Radcliffe Report of 1948 which recommended that the institute should concentrate on developing the appreciate on the films art, rather than creating film itself.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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