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Encyclopedia > British Columbia
British Columbia
Colombie-Britannique
Flag of British Columbia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Splendor sine occasu
(Latin: "Splendour without diminishment")
Map of Canada with British Columbia highlighted
Capital Victoria
Largest city Vancouver
Official languages English (de facto)
Government
Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point
Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal)
Federal representation in Canadian Parliament
House seats 36
Senate seats 6
Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province)
Area  Ranked 5th
Total 944,735 km² (364,764 sq mi)
Land 925,186 km² (357,216 sq mi)
Water (%) 19,549 km² (7,548 sq mi) (2.1%)
Population  Ranked 3rd
Total (2008) 4,413,973 (est.)[1]
Density 4.7 /km² (12 /sq mi)
GDP  Ranked 4th
Total (2006) C$179.701 billion[2]
Per capita C$41,689 (7th)
Abbreviations
Postal BC
ISO 3166-2 CA-BC
Time zone UTC−8 & −7
Postal code prefix V
Flower Pacific dogwood
Tree Western Redcedar
Bird Steller's Jay
Web site www.gov.bc.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

British Columbia (IPA: /ˌbrɪtɨʃ kəˈlʌmbiə/) (BC) ((listen) (French: la Colombie-Britannique, C.-B.) is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is famed for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu ("Splendour without Sunset (Diminishment)"). It was the sixth province to join the Canadian Confederation. Its residents are referred to as British Columbians. Image File history File links Flag_of_British_Columbia. ... Flag of British Columbia Flag ratio: 3:5 The Flag of British Columbia, Canada is based upon the shield of the provincial arms of British Columbia. ... The Coat of Arms of British Columbia (formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of British Columbia) consists of the shield and motto in the achievement. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links British_Columbia-map. ... The following are the current provincial and territorial capitals of Canada: BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capitals of Canadas provinces and territories Category: ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Categories: Lieutenant Governors of British Columbia | Lists of office-holders ... Steven Lewis Point, OBC is the 28th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. ... Categories: Stub | British Columbia premiers ... The British Columbia Liberal Party (usually referred to as the BC Liberals) is the governing political party in British Columbia, Canada. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of Canadian provinces and territories ranked by area. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This is a list of Canadian provinces and territories by population, based on Statistics Canada estimates as of July 1, 2007. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... This is a list of Canadian provincial and territorial postal abbreviations. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Canada describe 10 Provinces and 3 Territories. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC redirects here. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that forms part of a postal address in Canada. ... British Columbia - 188 FSAs Categories: Canada Post ... Binomial name Audubon The Pacific Dogwood, Cornus nuttallii (syn. ... Species Thuja plicata Western Redcedar, Thuja plicata, a species of thuja, is an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to the northwestern US and southwestern Canada, from southern Alaska and British Columbia south to northwest California and inland to western Montana. ... Binomial name (Gmelin, 1788) Stellers Jay range The Stellers Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri) is a jay native to western North America, closely related to the Blue Jay found in the rest of the continent, but with a black head and upper body. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ...


The capital of British Columbia is Victoria, the 15th largest metropolitan region in Canada. The largest city is Vancouver, Canada's third-largest metropolitan area. This article is about the city of Victoria. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Geography

See also: Demographics of British Columbia

British Columbia is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west, by the U.S. state of Alaska on the northwest, and to the north by the Yukon and the Northwest Territories, on the east by the province of Alberta, and on the south by the U.S. states of Washington, Idaho, and Montana. The current southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as the California border. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres (364,764 square miles) which is about the size of France, Germany and the Netherlands combined. It is larger than the total area of Washington, Oregon and California. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres (17,000 mi), and includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited. British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, bordered by the Pacific Ocean. ... Visible minorities of British Columbia in 2001. ... Image File history File links Strait_of_Georgia. ... Image File history File links Strait_of_Georgia. ... Strait of Georgia at sunset The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Map of the lands in dispute The Oregon Treaty, officially known as the Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and also known as the Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The British Columbia Coast is one of Canadas two continental coastlines; the other being the coastline from the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean via the Northwest Passage and Hudson Bay to the Ungava Peninsula and Labrador and the Gulf of St. ...

British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. BC's most populous city is Vancouver, located in southwest corner of the BC mainland called the Lower Mainland. Other major cities include Surrey, Burnaby, Coquitlam, Richmond, Delta, and New Westminster in the Lower Mainland; Abbotsford and Langley in the Fraser Valley; Nanaimo on Vancouver Island; and Kelowna and Kamloops in the Interior. Prince George is the largest city in the northern part of the province, while a town northwest of it, Vanderhoof, is near the geographic centre of the province.[3] Cheakamus Lake is a 570 ha. ... Garibaldi Provincial Park is a wilderness park located in British Columbia, Canada, about 70km north of Vancouver. ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... The Lower Mainland is the name that residents of British Columbia apply to the region surrounding the City of Vancouver. ... Location of Surrey Country Province Regional District Metro Vancouver Incorporation 1879 (municipality status)   1993 (city status) Government  - Mayor Dianne Watts  - Governing body  - MLAs List of MLAs Harry Bains (NDP) Jagrup Brar (NDP) Bruce Ralston (NDP) Kevin Falcon (LIB) Dave Hayer (LIB) Gordon Hogg (LIB) Sue Hammell (NDP) leader_title3 = MPs Area... “Burnaby” redirects here. ... This article is about Coquitlam, British Columbia. ... Richmond is an incorporated city on the Pacific coast of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Delta is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada. ... New Westminster redirects here. ... The Lower Mainland is the name that residents of British Columbia apply to the region surrounding the City of Vancouver. ... For other cities with this name, see Abbotsford. ... Mayor Kurt Alberts Councillors Charlie Fox Howie Vickberg Grant Ward Jordan Bateman Steve Ferguson Kim Richter Mel Kositsky Bob Long Population (2006) 93,726 [1] Area 316 square kilometres[2] Incorporation Date April 26, 1873 Member of Parliament Mark Warawa (Conservative) Member of the Legislative Assembly Mary Polak (BC Liberal... Fraser Valley is the section of the Fraser River basin in southwestern British Columbia downstream of the Fraser Canyon. ... There are several federal and provincial electoral districts with the name Nanaimo. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... Location of Kelowna within the Central Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Central Okanagan Settled 1879 Incorporated 1905 Government  - Mayor Sharon Shepherd  - Governing body Kelowna City Council  - MP Ron Cannan  - MLAs Al Horning Sindi Hawkins Area  - City 283 km²  (109. ... “Kamloops” redirects here. ... The Interior Plateau comprises a large region of central British Columbia, and lies between the Cariboo and Monashee Mountains on the east, and the Hazelton Mountains, Coast Mountains and Cascade Range on the west. ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... Vanderhoof ( ) lies in the geographical centre[2] of British Columbia, Canada. ...

The Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. Seventy-five percent of the province is mountainous (more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) above sea level); 60% is forested; and only about 5% is arable. The Okanagan area is one of three wine-growing regions in Canada and also produces excellent ciders. The small city of Penticton, and rural towns of Oliver, and Osoyoos have some of the warmest and longest summer climates in Canada, although their temperature ranges are exceeded by the even-warmer Fraser Canyon towns of Lillooet and Lytton, where shade temperatures on summer afternoons often surpass 40 °C (104 °F) but with very low humidity. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (887x572, 151 KB) Mount Robson, Canadian Rockies Photo by Wofratz selbst fotografiert, September 1996 Originally uploaded to the German wikipedia on November 27, 2004. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (887x572, 151 KB) Mount Robson, Canadian Rockies Photo by Wofratz selbst fotografiert, September 1996 Originally uploaded to the German wikipedia on November 27, 2004. ... Location in British Columbia Mount Robson is the highest point in the Canadian Rockies. ... The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ... The Coast Mountains are the westernmost range of the Pacific Cordillera, running along the south western shore of the North American continent, extending south from the Alaska Panhandle and covering most of coastal British Columbia. ... Part of the Inside Passage. ... Fjord in Sunnmøre, Norway Geirangerfjord, Norway A fjord (or fiord) is a long, narrow estuary with steep sides, made when a glacial valley is filled by rising sea water levels. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism that appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious individuals. ... A view overlooking Skaha Lake in the Okanagan Valley The regional districts that comprise the Okanagan are shown in red. ... Cider in a pint glass Cider (or cyder) is an alcoholic beverage made primarily from the juices of specially grown varieties of apples. ... Penticton ( ) is a city in south central British Columbia between Okanagan Lake and Skaha Lake (at one time known officially as Dog Lake). According to the 2001 census its population is 30,985 (41,574 in the greater area). ... Oliver, British Columbia, is a small town located in the South Okanagan. ... , Osoyoos (IPA: ) is a small town in the Okanagan Valley on British Columbias southern border with Washington state. ... Lillooet (formerly Cayoosh Flat) is a small but historic and highly scenic community on the Fraser River in western Canada, about 240 kilometres (150 miles) up the British Columbia Railway line from Vancouver. ... Lytton in British Columbia sits at the confluence of the Thompson River and Fraser River on the east side of the Fraser. ...


Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast , is covered by temperate rain forest. This region, which includes parts of the west coast of the United States, is one of a mere handful of such temperate rain forest ecosystems in the world (notable others being in Chile, New Zealand, Tasmania, and the Russian Far East). The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is not as moderated by the Pacific Ocean and ranges from desert and semi-arid plateau to the range and canyon districts of the interior plateau. A few southern interior valleys have short cold winters with infrequent heavy snow, while those in the Cariboo, the northern part of the Central Interior, are colder due to their altitude and latitude, but without the intensity or duration experienced at similar latitudes elsewhere in Canada. The northern two-thirds of the province is largely unpopulated and undeveloped, and is mostly mountainous except east of the Rockies, where the Peace River District in the northeast of the province contains BC's portion of the Canadian Prairies. Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... The British Columbia Coast is one of Canadas two continental coastlines; the other being the coastline from the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean via the Northwest Passage and Hudson Bay to the Ungava Peninsula and Labrador and the Gulf of St. ... A map showing the areas where temperate rain forest can be found Temperate rain forest in the Mount Hood Wilderness, Oregon, United States. ... For other uses, see Ecological Systems Theory. ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... Far Eastern Federal District (highlighted in red) Russian Far East (Russian: ; IPA: ) is a term that refers to the Russian part of the Far East, i. ...

Ten Largest Metropolitan Areas in BC by Population[4]
Community (includes metro areas) 2006 1996
Vancouver 2,215,200 1,831,665
Victoria 330,088 304,287
Kelowna 162,276 136,349
Abbotsford 159,020 136,480
Kamloops 92,882 85,407
Nanaimo 92,361 82,691
Prince George 83,225 87,731
Chilliwack 80,892 66,254
Vernon 55,418 49,701
Courtenay 49,214 46,297
Ten Largest Municipalities in BC by Population
Municipality 2006 1996
Vancouver 578,041 514,008
Surrey (Metro Vancouver) 394,976 304,477
Burnaby (Metro Vancouver) 202,799 179,209
Richmond (Metro Vancouver) 174,461 148,867
Abbotsford 123,864 104,403
Coquitlam (Metro Vancouver) 114,565 101,820
Saanich 108,265 101,388
Kelowna 106,707 89,422
Delta (Metro Vancouver) 96,723 95,411
Langley Township (Metro Vancouver) 93,726 80,179
A view overlooking Skaha Lake in the Okanagan Valley, one of the driest regions of the province's interior.
A view overlooking Skaha Lake in the Okanagan Valley, one of the driest regions of the province's interior.

Motto: Building a sustainable region Location of Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia Coordinates: , Country Province Region Lower Mainland Seat Burnaby Established 1967 Government [1]  - Board GVRD Board of Directors  - Chair Lois Jackson  - MPs List of MPs Don Bell Dawn Black Raymond Chan John Cummins Libby Davies Sukh Dhaliwal... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... The Regional District of Central Okanagan (RDCO) is a regional district in the Canadian province of British Columbia, Canada. ... For other cities with this name, see Abbotsford. ... “Kamloops” redirects here. ... There are several federal and provincial electoral districts with the name Nanaimo. ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... Chilliwack is a Canadian city in the Province of British Columbia. ... Vernon is a city in the south-central region of British Columbia, Canada. ... Courtenay is a city on the east coast of Vancouver Island, in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Location of Surrey Country Province Regional District Metro Vancouver Incorporation 1879 (municipality status)   1993 (city status) Government  - Mayor Dianne Watts  - Governing body  - MLAs List of MLAs Harry Bains (NDP) Jagrup Brar (NDP) Bruce Ralston (NDP) Kevin Falcon (LIB) Dave Hayer (LIB) Gordon Hogg (LIB) Sue Hammell (NDP) leader_title3 = MPs Area... “Burnaby” redirects here. ... Richmond is an incorporated city on the Pacific coast of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... For other cities with this name, see Abbotsford. ... This article is about Coquitlam, British Columbia. ... // Introduction The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. ... Location of Kelowna within the Central Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Central Okanagan Settled 1879 Incorporated 1905 Government  - Mayor Sharon Shepherd  - Governing body Kelowna City Council  - MP Ron Cannan  - MLAs Al Horning Sindi Hawkins Area  - City 283 km²  (109. ... Delta is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada. ... Mayor Kurt Alberts Councillors Charlie Fox Howie Vickberg Grant Ward Jordan Bateman Steve Ferguson Kim Richter Mel Kositsky Bob Long Population (2006) 93,726 [1] Area 316 square kilometres[2] Incorporation Date April 26, 1873 Member of Parliament Mark Warawa (Conservative) Member of the Legislative Assembly Mary Polak (BC Liberal... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1683x2385, 3094 KB) A view of the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia, overlooking Skaha Lake. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1683x2385, 3094 KB) A view of the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia, overlooking Skaha Lake. ... Skaha Lake Skaha Lake (49°25′ N 119°35′ W) is a freshwater lake located in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia, Canada. ... A view overlooking Skaha Lake in the Okanagan Valley The regional districts that comprise the Okanagan are shown in red. ...

History

Main article: History of British Columbia

British Columbia is the down western corner province in Canada. ...

Pre-Confederation

The discovery of stone tools on the Beatton River near Fort St. John date human habitation in British Columbia to at least 11,500 years ago. The First Nations population spread throughout the region, mostly on the coast, where aboriginals achieved the highest density of any place in Canada. At the time of European contact, nearly half the aboriginal people in present-day Canada lived in B.C. The Beatton River is a tributary of the Peace River, flowing generally east, then south through north-eastern British Columbia, Canada. ... The City of Fort St. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity that refers to the indigenous peoples in what is now Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people. ...

Kwakwaka'wakw house pole, second half of the 19th century
Kwakwaka'wakw house pole, second half of the 19th century

The explorations of James Cook in the 1770s and George Vancouver in the 1790s, and the concessions of Spain in the 1790s established British jurisdiction over the coastal area north and west of the Columbia River. In 1793, Sir Alexander Mackenzie was the first European to journey across North America overland to the Pacific Ocean, inscribing a stone marking his accomplishment on the shoreline of South Bentinck Arm near Bella Coola. His expedition theoretically established British sovereignty inland, and a succession of other fur company explorers charted the maze of rivers and mountain ranges between the Prairies and the Pacific. Mackenzie and these other explorers — notably John Finlay, Simon Fraser, Samuel Black, and David Thompson — were primarily concerned with extending the fur trade, rather than political considerations. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (650x2160, 714 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): British Columbia Kwakwakawakw mythology Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (650x2160, 714 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): British Columbia Kwakwakawakw mythology Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Kwakwakawakw girl wearing abalone shell earings. ... This article is about the British explorer. ... Captain George Vancouver RN (June 22, 1757 – May 12, 1798) was an officer of the British Royal Navy, best known for his exploration of North America, including the Pacific coast along the modern day Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Alaska, Washington and Oregon. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... Alexander Mackenzie (1764 - March 11, 1820) was a Scottish-Canadian explorer. ... Bella Coola may refer to several things, all closely related to a geographic area within British Columbias Central Coast. ... John Finlay (1774 - December 19, 1833) was a fur trader and explorer with the North West Company. ... An undated drawing of Simon Fraser Simon Fraser (1776–18 August 1862) was a fur trader and an explorer who charted much of what is now the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... For the governor of the Nebraska Territory, see Samuel W. Black Samuel Black ca. ... For other people with this name see David Thompson David Thompson (April 30, 1770 – February 10, 1857), was an English-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as the Stargazer. Over his career he mapped over 3. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ...


Their establishment of trading posts under the auspices of the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), however, effectively established a permanent British presence in the region, which (south of 54°40′ north latitude, the southern limit of Russian America) was, as of the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, under the "joint occupancy and use" of citizens of the United States and subjects of Britain (which is to say, the fur companies). This co-occupancy was ended with the Oregon Treaty of 1846. For the grocery chain, see The North West Company The North West Company a fur trading business headquartered in the city of Montreal in British North America from 1779 to 1821. ... Hbc redirects here. ... Russian colonization of the Americas proceeded in several places. ... The Convention of 1818 between the United States and Great Britian, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was a treaty signed in United States and the United Kingdom. ... Map of the lands in dispute The Oregon Treaty, officially known as the Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and also known as the Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United...


Some of these early posts would grow into settlements, communities, and cities. Among the places in British Columbia that began as fur trading posts are Fort St John (established 1794); Hudson's Hope (1805); Fort Nelson (1805); Fort St. James (1806); Prince George (1807); Kamloops (1812); Fort Langley (1827); Victoria (1843); Yale (1848); and Nanaimo (1853). Fur company posts that became cities in what is now the United States include Vancouver, Washington (Fort Vancouver), formerly the "capital" of Hudson's Bay operations in the Columbia District (aka the Oregon Territory), Colville, Washington and Walla Walla, Washington. The City of Fort St. ... Hudsons Hope is a small town in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, in the Peace River Rigional District. ... Fort Nelson is a town of approximately 5000 residents in British Columbias northeastern corner. ... Fort St. ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... Locator map for Kamloops, BC Kamloops is a city in central British Columbia, Canada at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River. ... Fort Langley is a village with a population of 2,700 and forms part of the Township of Langley. ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Front Street, Yale, British Columbia circa 1882 during the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Nanaimo (2004 pop. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the companys Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country). ... Colville is a city in Stevens County, Washington, United States. ... Walla Walla is both the county seat of Walla Walla County, Washington, and the countys largest city. ...


With the amalgamation of the two fur trading companies in 1821, the region now comprising British Columbia existed in three fur trading departments. The bulk of the Central and Northern Interior was organized into the New Caledonia district, administered from Fort St James. The Interior south of the Thompson River watershed and north of the Columbia was organized into the Columbia District, administered from Fort Vancouver (present-day Vancouver, Washington). The northeast corner of the province east of the Rockies, known as the Peace River Block, was attached to the much larger Athabasca District, headquartered in Fort Chipewyan (in present day Alberta). The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... Columbia District was a regional department of the Hudsons Bay Company, and included all of the Columbia River basin, extending as far north as the Thompson River. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the companys Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country). ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ... The Peace River Block is an 3,500,000 acre (14,000 km²) area of land located in northeastern British Columbia. ... Fort Chipewyan is the oldest European settlement in the province of Alberta, Canada. ...


Until 1849, these districts were a wholly unorganized area of British North America under the defacto jurisdiction of HBC administrators. Unlike Rupert's Land to the north and east, however, the territory was not a concession to the Company. Rather, it was simply granted a monopoly to trade with the First Nations inhabitants. All that was changed with the westward extension of American exploration, and the concomitant overlapping claims of territorial sovereignty, especially in the southern Columbia basin (within present day Washington state and Oregon). In 1846, the Oregon Treaty divided the territory along the 49th parallel to Georgia Strait, with the area south of this boundary, excluding Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands) transferred to sole American sovereignty. The Colony of Vancouver Island was created in 1849, with Victoria designated as the capital. New Caledonia, as the whole of the Mainland rather than just its north-central Interior came to be called, continued to be an unorganized territory of British North America, "administered" by individual HBC trading post managers. British North America consisted of the loyalist colonies and territories (i. ... This article is about the trading territory. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Map of the lands in dispute The Oregon Treaty, officially known as the Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and also known as the Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United... “49th parallel” redirects here. ... The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... Map showing the location of the Southern Gulf Islands The Gulf Islands is the name collectively given to the islands in the Strait of Georgia between Vancouver Island and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... See main article Vancouver Island Colonial flag of Vancouver Island, consisting of the British Blue Ensign and the great seal of the colony. ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ...


With the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush in 1858, an influx of Americans into New Caledonia prompted the colonial office to formally designate the mainland as the Colony of British Columbia, with New Westminster as its capital. A second gold rush — the Cariboo Gold Rush — followed in 1862, forcing the colonial administration into deeper debt as it struggled to meet the extensive infrastructure needs of far-flung boom communities like Barkerville and Lillooet, which sprang up overnight. The Vancouver Island colony was facing financial crises of its own, and pressure to merge the two eventually succeeded in 1866. Queen Victoria chose the name British Columbia as the name of the new pacific dominion. The Gold Rush of British Columbia occurred after gold was discovered in the Fraser River Valley. ... The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British colonies. ... The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony of British North America from 1858 until 1871. ... The Pattullo Bridge (centre) connects New Westminster (left) with Surrey (right) across the Fraser River. ... The Cariboo Gold Rush is the most famous of the gold rushes in British Columbia and is erroneously sometimes mentioned as the reason for the creation of the Colony of British Columbia. ... Barkerville was a gold rush town in British Columbia, Canada and is currently preserved as a historic town. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Colony of British Columbia. ...


Rapid growth and development

Lord Strathcona drives the Last Spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway, at Craigellachie, 7 November 1885. Completion of the transcontinental railroad was a condition of BC's entry into Confederation.
Lord Strathcona drives the Last Spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway, at Craigellachie, 7 November 1885. Completion of the transcontinental railroad was a condition of BC's entry into Confederation.

The Confederation League led by such figures as Amor De Cosmos, John Robson, and Robert Beaven had long led the chorus pressing for the colony to join Canada, which had been created out of three British North American colonies in 1867. Several factors motivated this agitation, including the fear of annexation to the United States, the overwhelming debt created by rapid population growth, the need for government-funded services to support this population, and the economic depression caused by the end of the gold rush. With the agreement by the Canadian government to extend the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) to British Columbia and to assume the colony's debt, BC became the sixth province to join Confederation on July 20, 1871. The borders of the province were not completely settled until 1903, however, when the province's territory shrank somewhat after the Alaska Boundary Dispute settled the vague boundary of the Alaska Panhandle. Last Spike of the CPR - Craigellachie, British Columbia, Canada Donald Smith driving the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Last Spike of the CPR - Craigellachie, British Columbia, Canada Donald Smith driving the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... The Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, GCMG, GCVO, PC (August 6, 1820–January 21, 1915) was a Scottish-born Canadian fur trader, financier, railroad baron and politician. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... Craigellachie, BC Craigellachie (IPA: , but or can be substituted for ; is another common pronunciation) is a locality in British Columbia, Canada, located several kilometres to the west of the Eagle Pass summit. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A Transcontinental Railroad is a railway that crosses a continent typically from sea to sea. Terminals are at or connected to different oceans. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Amor De Cosmos (Windsor, Nova Scotia August 20, 1825 – July 4, 1897 Victoria, British Columbia) was a Canadian journalist and politician. ... John Robson (March, 1824-June 29, 1892) was a British Columbian journalist and politician. ... Robert Beaven (January 20, 1836-September 18, 1920) was a British Columbia politician and businessman. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Blue is the border as was claimed by the United States, red is the border as was claimed by Canada and the United Kingdom. ... The Alaska Panhandle is the coast of the American state of Alaska, just west of the northern half of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ...


Population in British Columbia continued to expand as the province's mining, forestry, agriculture, and fishing sectors were developed. Mining activity was particularly notable in the Boundary Country, in the Slocan, in the West Kootenay around Trail, the East Kootenay (the southeast corner of the province), the Fraser Canyon, the Cariboo and elsewhere. Agriculture attracted settlers to the fertile Fraser Valley, and cattle ranchers and later fruit growers to the drier grasslands of the Thompson River area, the Cariboo, the Chilcotin, and the Okanagan. Forestry drew workers to the lush temperate rain forests of the coast, which was also the locus of a growing fishery. This article is about mineral extractions. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... The Boundary Country is a historical designation for a district in southern British Columbia lying, as its name suggests, along the boundary between Canada and the United States. ... West Kootenay was the name of a provincial electoral district in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Trail ( ) is a city in the Kootenay region of the interior of British Columbia, Canada. ... The Kootenay Region (in common parlance The Kootenays) comprises the southeastern portion of British Columbia. ... View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser... Cariboo was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of British Columbia. ... Fraser Valley is the section of the Fraser River basin in southwestern British Columbia downstream of the Fraser Canyon. ... The Cariboo is a region of British Columbia along a plateau stretching from the Fraser Canyon to the Cariboo Mountains. ... The Chilcotin District, usually known simply as the Chilcotin is a plateau and mountain region on the inland lea of the Coast Ranges on the west side of the Fraser River, and also is the name of the river draining that region. ... A view overlooking Skaha Lake in the Okanagan Valley The regional districts that comprise the Okanagan are shown in red. ... A map showing the areas where temperate rain forest can be found Temperate rain forest in the Mount Hood Wilderness, Oregon, United States. ... A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ...


The completion of the CPR in 1885 was a huge boost to the province's economy, facilitating the transportation of the region's considerable resources to the east. The booming logging town of Granville, near the mouth of the Burrard Inlet was selected as the terminus of the railway, prompting the incorporation of the community as Vancouver in 1886. The completion of the Port of Vancouver spurred rapid growth, and in less than fifty years the city would surpass Winnipeg as the largest in western Canada. The early decades of the province were ones in which issues of land use — specifically, its settlement and development — were paramount. This included expropriation from First Nations people of their land, control over its resources, as well as the ability to trade in some resources (such as the fishery). Establishing a labour force to develop the province was problematic from the start, and British Columbia was the locus of immigration not only from Europe, but also from China and Japan. The influx of a non-Caucasian population stimulated resentment from the dominant ethnic groups, resulting in agitation (much of it successful) to restrict the ability of Asian people to immigrate to British Columbia through the imposition of a head tax. This resentment culminated in mob attacks against Chinese and Japanese immigrants in Vancouver in 1887 and 1907. By 1923, almost all Chinese immigration had been blocked except for merchants and investors (see Chinese Immigration Act, 1923). Indian Arm extends north (to the upper right of the photo) from Burrard Inlet, in this view from the southeast at Burnaby Mountain. ... General information Founded Original shipment 1964 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 49°1637 N 123°0715 W Area  - Coastline  - Land  - Water 247 kilometres 4. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... In economics the labor force is the group of people who have a potential for being employed. ... The Canadian Head Tax was a fee charged for each Chinese person entering Canada. ... The Chinese Immigration Act, 1923, known in the Chinese-Canadian community as the Chinese Exclusion Act, was an act passed by the federal government of Canada, banning most forms of Chinese immigration to Canada. ...


Meanwhile, the province continued to grow. In 1914, the last spike of a second transcontinental rail line, the Grand Trunk Pacific, linking north-central British Columbia from the Yellowhead Pass through Prince George to Prince Rupert was driven at Fort Fraser. This opened up the north coast and the Bulkley Valley region to new economic opportunities. What had previously been an almost exclusively fur trade and subsistence economy soon became a locus for forestry, farming, and mining. Grand Trunk Pacific Railway logo or herald The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR) was a historical Canadian railway. ... Canadian National Railways GP9 climbing in the Yellowhead Pass The Yellowhead Pass (elevation 1110 m, lat. ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... Orthographic projection centred over Prince Rupert BC Coast, showing Prince Rupert and Vancouver Prince Rupert is a city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Fort Fraser is a community of about 1000 people, located near the geographical centre of British Columbia, Canada, 44 km west of Vanderhoof on The Yellowhead Highway. ... Looking east across the Bulkley Valley from the top of the Hudson Bay Mountain Ski Area. ...


The 1920s through the 1940s

When the men returned from World War I, they discovered the recently-enfranchised women of the province had helped vote in the prohibition of liquor in an effort to end the social problems associated with the hard-core drinking that Vancouver and the rest of the province was famous for until the war. Because of pressure from veterans, prohibition was quickly relaxed so that the "soldier and the working man" could enjoy a drink, but widespread unemployment among veterans was hardened by many of the available jobs being taken by European immigrants - Italians and others - and disgruntled veterans organized a range of "soldier parties" to represent their interests, variously named Soldier-Farmer, Soldier-Labour, and Farmer-Labour Parties. These formed the basis of the fractured labour-political spectrum that would generate a host of fringe leftist and rightist parties, including those who would eventually form the Co-operative Commonwealth and the early Social Credit splinter groups. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The New Democratic Party of British Columbia is a social democratic political party in British Columbia, Canada. ... The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing political party of British Columbia, Canada, for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election. ...

Internment camp for the Japanese during World War II
Internment camp for the Japanese during World War II

The advent of prohibition in the United States created new opportunities, and many found employment or at least profit in cross-border liquor smuggling. Much of Vancouver's prosperity and opulence in the 1920s is due to this "pirate economy", although growth in forestry, fishing and mining continued. The end of US-side Prohibition, combined with the onset of the Great Depression, plunged the province into economic destitution. Compounding the already dire local economic situation, tens of thousands of men from colder parts of Canada swarmed into Vancouver, creating huge hobo jungles around False Creek and the Burrard Inlet rail yards, including the old CPR mainline right-of-way through the heart of the city's downtown (at Hastings and Carrall). Increasingly desperate times led to intense political organizing efforts, an occupation of the main Post Office at Granville & Hastings which was violently put down by the police, and an effective imposition of martial law on the docks for almost three years. A Vancouver contingent for the On-to-Ottawa Trek was organized and seized a train, which was loaded with thousands of men bound for the capital but was met by a Gatling gun straddling the tracks at Mission; the men were arrested and sent to work camps for the duration of the Depression.[citation needed] Image File history File links Japanese_internment_camp_in_British_Columbia. ... Image File history File links Japanese_internment_camp_in_British_Columbia. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The On-to-Ottawa Trek was a 1935 social movement of unemployed men protesting the dismal conditions in federal relief camps scattered in remote areas across Western Canada. ... An 1865 Gatling gun. ...


There were some signs of economic life beginning to return to normal towards the end of the '30s, but it was the onset of World War II which transformed the national economy and ended the hard times of the Depression. Because of the war effort, women entered the workforce as never before.


BC has long taken advantage of its location on the Pacific Ocean to have close relations with East Asia. However, this has often caused friction between cultures which have caused occasional displays of animosity toward Asian immigrants. This was most manifest during the Second World War when many people of Japanese descent were relocated or interned in the Interior of the province. Conversely, there have also been historically high rates of intermarriage and other examples of inter-racial harmony, cooperation and integration. This article is about the geographical region. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The Coalition and the post-War boom

During World War II the mainstream Liberal and Conservative Parties of British Columbia united in a formal coalition government under new Liberal leader John Hart, who replaced Duff Pattullo when the latter failed to win a majority in the 1941 election. While the Liberals won the most number of seats, actually received fewer votes than the socialist CCF. Pattullo was unwilling to form a coalition with the rival Conservatives led by Royal Lethington Maitland and was replaced by Hart who formed a coalition cabinet made up of five Liberal and three Conservative ministers.[5] The CCF was invited to join the coalition but refused.[5] The pretext for continuing the coalition after the end of World War II was to prevent the CCF, which had won a surprise victory in Saskatchewan in 1944, from ever coming to power in British Columbia. The CCF's popular vote was high enough in the 1945 election that they were likely to have won three-way contests and could have formed government. However, the coalition prevented that by uniting the anti-socialist vote.[5] In the post-war environment the government initiated a series of infrastructure projects, notably the completion of Highway 97 north of Prince George to the Peace River Block, a section called the John Hart Highway and also brought in public hospital insurance. A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ... John Hart (Mohill, County Leitrim, Ireland March 31, 1879-April 7, 1957, Victoria, British Columbia) was premier of British Columbia, Canada, from December 9, 1941 to December 29, 1947. ... Thomas Dufferin (Duff) Pattullo (January 19, 1873 - March 30, 1956) was premier of British Columbia, Canada from 1933 to 1941. ... The British Columbia general election, 1941 was the twentieth general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. ... The New Democratic Party of British Columbia is a social democratic political party in British Columbia, Canada. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... The 21st general election for the Province of British Columbia, Canada was called on August 31, 1945, and held on October 25, 1945. ... Highway 97 is the longest continuously-numbered route in the province, running 2,081 km (1,283 mi) from the Canada/U.S. border at Osoyoos in the south to the British Columbia/Yukon border in the north at Watson Lake, Yukon. ...


In 1947 the reins of the Coalition were taken over by Byron Ingemar Johnson. The Conservatives had wanted their new leader Herbert Anscomb to be premier but the Liberals in the Coalition refused. Johnson led the coalition to the highest percentage of the popular vote in BC history to date (61%) in the 1949 election. This victory was due largely to the popularity of his government's spending programmes, despite rising criticism of corruption and abuse of power. During his tenure major infrastructure continued to expand and the agreement with Alcan to build the Kemano-Kitimat hydro and aluminum complex was put in place. Johnson achieved popularity for flood relief efforts during the 1948 flooding of the Fraser Valley, which was a major blow to that region and to the province's economy. The Honourable Byron Ingemar Johnson (December 10, 1890 - January 12, 1964) served as the 24th Premier of the province of British Columbia, Canada, from 1947 to 1952. ... The 22nd general election for the Province of British Columbia, Canada was called on April 16, 1949, and held on June 15, 1949. ... Alcan (ALaska CANada) is also one of the common names for the Alaska Highway that connects Dawson Creek, British Columbia, with Fairbanks, Alaska. ... Kemano is a settlement situated 75 km southeast of Kitimat in the province of British Columbia in Canada. ... The District of Kitimat is a small town in northwestern British Columbia. ... Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ...


Increasing tension between the Liberal and Conservative coalition partners led the Liberal Party executive to vote to instruct Johnson to terminate the arrangement. Johnson ended the coalition and dropped his Conservative cabinet ministers, including Deputy Premier and Finance Minister Herbert Anscomb, precipitating the general election of 1952.[5] A referendum on electoral reform prior to this election had instigated an elimination ballot (similar to a preferential ballot), where voters could select second and third choices. The intent of the ballot, as campaigned for by Liberals and Conservatives, was that their supporters would list the rival party in lieu of the CCF, but this plan backfired when a large group of voters from all major parties, including the CCF, voted for the fringe British Columbia Social Credit Party, who wound up with the largest number of seats in the House (19), only one seat ahead of the CCF, despite the CCF having 34.3% of the vote to Social Credit's 30.18%. The Social Credit, known as the Socreds and led by rebel former Conservative MLA W.A.C. Bennett, formed a minority government backed by the Liberals and Conservatives (with 6 and 4 seats respectively). Bennett began a series of fiscal reforms, preaching a new variety of populism as well as waxing eloquent on progress and development, laying the ground for a second election in 1953 in which the new Bennett regime secured a majority of seats, with 38% of the vote. The 23rd general election for the Province of British Columbia, Canada was called on April 10, 1952, and held on June 12, 1952. ... Preferential voting (or preference voting) is a type of ballot structure used in several electoral systems in which voters rank a list or group of candidates in order of preference. ... The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing political party of British Columbia, Canada, for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election. ... The Honourable William Andrew Cecil Bennett, PC, OC (September 6, 1900 – February 23, 1979) was a Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... The 24th general election for the Province of British Columbia, Canada was called on April 10, 1953, and held on June 9, 1953. ...


Growth of government in the economy

Premier W.A.C. Bennett and his wife accompany Princess Margaret in Victoria, August 1958. Bennett governed the province for an unprecedented twenty years

With the election of the Social Credit Party, BC embarked a phase of rapid economic development. Bennett and his party would go on to govern the province for the next twenty years, during which time the government initiated an ambitious programme of infrastructure development, fuelled by a sustained economic boom in the forestry, mining, and energy sectors. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Honourable William Andrew Cecil Bennett, PC, OC (September 6, 1900 – February 23, 1979) was a Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... HRH The Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon Her Royal Highness The Princess Margaret (Margaret Rose Armstrong-Jones, née Windsor; (August 21, 1930—February 9, 2002) was a member of the British Royal Family, the second eldest daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, and sister of the current British... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ...


During these two decades, the BC government nationalized British Columbia Electric and the British Columbia Power Company, as well as smaller electric companies, renaming the entity BC Hydro. By the end of the 1960s, several major dams had been begun or completed in — among others — the Peace, Columbia, and Nechako River watersheds. Major transmission deals were concluded, most notably the Columbia River Treaty between Canada and the United States. The province's economy was also boosted by unprecedented growth in the forest sector, as well as oil and gas development in the province's northeast. Nationalization, also spelled nationalisation, is the act by which a nation takes possession of assets without requiring the owners consent, with or without payment of compensation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Peace River. ... The Nechako River is one of the main tributaries of the Fraser River, although most of its flow has been diverted through the Coast Mountains to the Kemano generating station at sea level on the Gardner Canal, 858m below the reservoirs intakes, which supplies power to the aluminum smelter... The Columbia River Treaty (Treaty) is an international agreement between Canada and the United States of America (U.S.) on the development and operation of the upper Columbia River basin. ...


The 1950s and 60s were also marked by development in BC's transportation infrastructure. In 1960, the government established BC Ferries as a crown corporation, in order to provide a marine extension of the provincial highway system. That system was improved and expanded through the construction of new highways and bridges, and paving of existing highways and provincial roads. British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. ... In Commonwealth countries a Crown corporation is a state-controlled company or enterprise (a public corporation). ...


The post–World War II years saw Vancouver and Victoria also become cultural centres as poets, authors, artists, musicians, as well as dancers, actors, and haute cuisine chefs flocked to the beautiful scenery and warmer temperatures. Similarly, these cities have either attracted or given rise to their own noteworthy academics, commentators, and creative thinkers. Tourism also began to play an important role in the economy. The rise of Japan and other Pacific economies was a great boost to the BC economy. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Politically and socially, the 1960s brought a period of significant social ferment. The divide between the political left and right, which had prevailed in the province since the Depression and the rise of the labour movement, sharpened as so-called free enterprise parties coalesced into the defacto coalition represented by Social Credit — in opposition to the social democratic New Democratic Party, the successor to the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. As the province's economy blossomed, so did labour-management tensions. Tensions emerged, also, from the counterculture movement of the late 1960s, of which Vancouver and Nanaimo were centres. The conflict between hippies and Vancouver mayor Tom Campbell was particularly legendary, culminating in the so-called Gastown Riots of 1971. By the end of the decade, with social tensions and dissatisfaction with the status quo rising, the Bennett government's achievements could not stave off its growing unpopularity. The labour movement or labor movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments, in particular through the implementation of specific laws governing labor relations. ... For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was a Canadian political party founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, by a number of socialist, farm, co-operative and labour groups, and the League for Social Reconstruction. ... Hippies (singular hippie or sometimes hippy) were members of the 1960s counterculture movement who adopted a communal or nomadic lifestyle, renounced corporate nationalism and the Vietnam War, embraced aspects of Buddhism, Hinduism, and/or Native American religious culture, and were otherwise at odds with traditional middle class Western values. ... Thomas J. Campbell, Q.C. (born October 5, 1927) is a retired Canadian politician, who served as mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia from 1967 through 1972. ... The Gastown Riots occurred in Vancouver, Canada, in 1971. ...


BC in the 1970s and 80s

On August 27, 1969 the Social Credit Party was re-elected in a general election for what would be W.A.C Bennett's final term in power. At the start of the 1970s, BC's economy was quite strong due to rising coal prices and an increase in annual allowable cuts in the forestry sector. However, BC Hydro reported its first loss - which was the beginning of the end for Bennett and the Social Credit Party.[6] is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Socreds were forced from power in the August 1972 election, paving the way for a NDP government under Dave Barrett. Under Barrett, the large provincial surplus soon became a deficit, although changes to the accounting system makes it likely that some of the deficit was carried over from the previous Social Credit regime. The brief three year ("Thousand Days") period of NDP governance brought several lasting changes to the province, most notably the creation of the Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR), intended to protect farmland from redevelopment, and the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC), a crown corporation charged with a monopoly on providing single-payer basic automobile insurance. This article is about the Canadian political party. ... David Barrett, O.C. (born 2 October 1930 in Vancouver, British Columbia), commonly known as Dave Barrett, was a politician and social worker in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR) is a collection of land in the Canadian province of British Columbia in which agriculture is recognized as the priority use. ... The Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) is a provincial crown corporation in British Columbia created in 1973 by the NDP government of British Columbia. ...


Perceptions that the government had instituted reforms either too swiftly or that were too far-reaching, coupled with growing labour disruptions led to the ouster of the NDP in the 1975 general election. Social Credit, under W.A.C. Bennett's son, Bill Bennett, was returned to office. Under the younger Bennett's government, the province completed several projects, most notably the Coquihalla Highway and Expo 86 in Vancouver. The Coquihalla Highway project became the subject of a scandal after revelations that the Premier's brother bought large tracts of land needed for the project before it was announced to the public. Nonetheless, the Socreds were re-elected in 1979 under Bennett, who led the party until 1986. The British Columbia general election of 1975 was the 31st general election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. ... For other men named William Bennett, see William Bennett (disambiguation). ... Highway 5, also known as Route 5 and the Southern Yellowhead Highway, is a north-south route in the southern part of British Columbia, Canada. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

The Coquihalla Highway was one of the legacies of Expo 86. The creation of the province's first (and so far only) toll highway sparked controversy

As the province entered a sustained recession, the Socreds instituted a programme of fiscal restraint. This sparked a backlash, the so-called 1983 Solidarity Crisis, when a huge grassroots opposition movement mobilized, comprised of organized labour and community groups. Tens of thousands participated in protests and many felt that a general strike would be the inevitable result unless the government backed down from its policies of restraint. The movement collapsed after an apparent deal was struck by union leader and IWA president, Jack Munro and Premier Bennett.[7] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... British Columbia provincial highway 5, known locally as the Southern Yellowhead Highway, is a north-south route in the southern part of the province. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In macroeconomics, a recession is a decline in a countrys real gross domestic product (GDP), or negative real economic growth, for two or more successive quarters of a year. ... Protest poster from the Lower Mainland Solidarity Coalition in 1983. ... A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. ... International Woodworkers of America (IWA) was an industrial union of lumbermen, sawmill workers, timber transportation workers and others formed in 1937. ...


Bill Vander Zalm became the new Socred leader and Premier in 1986 and led the party to victory in the election of that year. Vander Zalm was later involved in a conflict of interest scandal following the sale of Fantasy Gardens, a Christian and Dutch culture theme park built by the Premier, to Tan Yu, a Taiwanese gambling kingpin. There were also concerns over Yu's application to the government for a bank license. These scandals forced Vander Zalm's resignation, and Rita Johnston became premier of the province. William Nicholas Vander Zalm (b. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... Rita Margaret Johnston (born Melville, Saskatchewan April 22, 1935 née Leichert) was a politician in British Columbia, Canada. ...


BC since the 1990s

Johnston lost the 1991 general election to the NDP, under the leadership of Mike Harcourt, a former mayor of Vancouver. Although the unprecedented creation of new parkland and protected areas was popular, and helped boost the province's growing tourism sector, the economy continued to struggle against the backdrop of a weak resource economy. Harcourt ended up resigning over "Bingogate", yet another British Columbia political scandal - this time involving the funnelling of charity bingo receipts into the Premier's party's coffers. Harcourt was not directly implicated, but resigned nonetheless. Glen Clark, a former president of the BC Federation of Labour, was chosen the new leader of the party, which won a second term in 1996, even though it secured fewer total votes than the opposition BC Liberals. Clark's tenure marked a change in British Columbia. Unemployment and taxes rose, and key industries struggled, which amounted to low economic growth levels.[8] More scandals dogged the party, most notably the Fast Ferry Scandal, involving the province trying to rebuild a shipbuilding industry in British Columbia. An allegation (never explicitly substantiated) that the Premier had received a favour in return for granting a gaming licence led to Clark's resignation as Premier. He was succeeded on an interim basis by Dan Miller who was in turn followed by Ujjal Dosanjh. For Dosanjh and the NDP, however, it was too late to save the party from near-oblivion in the next election. The 35th provincial election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada, was called on September 19, 1991, and held on October 17, 1991. ... Michael Harcourt (born 1943) served as the 30th Premier of the province of British Columbia in Canada from 1991 to 1996, and before that as mayor of BCs major city, Vancouver from 1980 to 1986. ... Tourist redirects here. ... Bingogate was a scandal that occurred during the administration of former Premier of British Columbia Michael Harcourt, involving the skimming of charity funds for use by the ruling NDP. Although Harcourt was never implicated in the scandal, he resigned as party leader and premier in 1996, citing the principle that... Glen David Clark (born Nanaimo November 22, 1957) is a former politician in British Columbia, Canada who served as the 31st Premier of British Columbia from 1996 to 1999. ... British Columbia Federation of Labour is the voice of the Labour movement in British Columbia, Canada. ... The three BC Ferries PacifiCats sitting idle in the North Vancouver shipyards. ... The name Dan Miller may refer to: Dan Miller (Canadian politician), former Premier of British Columbia Dan Miller (U.S. politician), former member of the U.S. Congress Dan Miller (guitarist), backing member of the band They Might Be Giants Dan Miller (television journalist/personality), from Nashville, Tennessee Dan Miller... Hon. ...


In the 2001 general election Gordon Campbell's BC Liberal Party soundly defeated the NDP party, gaining 77 out of 79 seats. Campbell instituted various reforms including scrapping the "fast ferries" project, lowering income taxes and selling BC Rail to CN Rail (sparking yet another scandal). Campbell was also the subject of scandal after he was caught driving while drunk during a vacation in Hawaii and arrested. However, Campbell still managed to lead his party to victory in the 2005 general election against a substantially strengthened NDP opposition, making him the first elected premier in over a decade to finish a term as premier without resigning, and the first premier to win back to back elections since Bill Bennett. Campbell's government successfully led the coalition to bring the 2010 Winter Olympics to Vancouver. Under the Campbell regime the economy of British Columbia has revived substantially, aided significantly by improvements in global resource markets.[9] Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


British Columbia has also been significantly affected by demographic changes within Canada and around the world. Vancouver (and to a lesser extent some other parts of British Columbia) was a major destination for many of the emigrants from Hong Kong who left the former UK colony (either temporarily or permanently) in the years immediately prior to its handover to the People's Republic of China. British Columbia has also been a significant destination for internal Canadian migrants. This has been the case throughout recent decades, due to its image of natural beauty, mild climate and relaxed lifestyle, but is particularly true during periods of economic growth. As a result, BC has moved from approximately 10% of Canada's population (1971) to approximately 13% (2006). The final fundamental demographic shift is that away from rural British Columbia to urban centres, particularly the Lower Mainland. This trend has reversed itself to a limited degree in recent years with improved resource-economy prospects, but the Vancouver metro area now includes 52% of the Province's population.



Demographics

See also: Cities in British Columbia and List of communities in British Columbia

Population of British Columbia since 1851

Year Population Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Rank Among
Provinces
1851 55,000 n/a n/a 6
1861 51,524 n/a -6.3 6
1871 36,247 n/a -29.7 7
1881 49,459 n/a 36.4 8
1891 98,173 n/a 98.5 8
1901 178,657 n/a 82.0 6
1911 392,480 n/a 119.7 6
1921 524,582 n/a 33.7 6
1931 694,263 n/a 32.3 6
1941 817,861 n/a 17.8 6
1951 1,165,210 n/a 42.5 3
1956 1,398,464 20.0 n/a 3
1961 1,629,082 16.5 39.8 3
1966 1,873,674 15.0 34.0 3
1971 2,184,620 16.6 34.1 3
1976 2,466,610 12.9 31.6 3
1981 2,744,467 11.3 25.6 3
1986 2,883,370 5.1 16.9 3
1991 3,282,061 13.8 19.6 3
1996 3,724,500 13.5 29.2 3
2001 3,907,738 4.9 19.1 3
2006 4,113,487 5.3 10.4 3
Source: Statistics Canada[10][11]

Religion

Religious groups in BC (1991 & 2001) & Canada (2001)
1991 BC % 2001 BC % 2001 Canada % BC 2001 number
Total population 100% 100% 100% 3,868,875
Total Christian 64.3% 55.7% 77% 2,124,615
Protestant 41.9% 31.4% 29% 1,213,295
Catholic 18.3% 17.2% 44% 675,320 includes Roman Catholic, Eastern Catholic .
Christian Orthodox 0.7% 0.9% 2% 35,655
Christian n. i. e. 2.7% 5.2% 3% 200,345 Includes mostly answers of 'Christian', not otherwise stated
Sikh 2.3% 3.5% 1% 135,310
Buddhist 1.1% 2.2% 1% 85,540
Muslim 0.8% 1.5% 2% 56,220
Hindu 0.6% 0.8% 1% 31,500
Jewish 0.5% 0.5% 1% 21,230
Eastern religions 0.3% 0.1% 9,970 includes Baha'i, Eckankar, Jains, Shinto, Taoist, Zoroastrian and Eastern religions, not identified elsewhere
Other religions 0.4% 0.2% 16,205 includes Aboriginal spirituality, Pagan, Wicca, Unity - New Thought - Pantheist, Scientology, Rastafarian, New Age, Gnostic, Satanist, etc.
No religious affiliation 30.0% 35.9% 17% 1,388,300 includes Agnostic, Atheist, Humanist, and No religion, and other responses, such as Darwinism, etc.
Source = Statistics Canada[12][13]
Sample rate=20%

Ethnic groups

Note: The following statistics represent both single (e.g., "German") and multiple (e.g., "part Chinese, part English") responses to the 2001 Census, and thus do not add up to 100%. Likewise "Canadian" is not necessarily associated with any ethnic or racial group, but simply with self-identification as a Canadian, of whatever ethnic backgrounds. Visible minorities of British Columbia in 2001. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This is a list of communities in British Columbia, a province in Canada. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ...

Ethnic Origin Population Percent
English 1,144,335 29.6%
Canadian / Canadien 939,460 24.3%
Scottish 748,905 19.4%
Irish 562,895 14.5%
German 500,675 12.9%
Chinese 373,830 9.7%
French 331,535 8.6%
East Indian 183,650 4.75%
Dutch (Netherlands) 180,635 4.7%
Ukrainian 178,880 4.6%
North American Indian 175,085 4.5%
Italian 126,420 3.3%
Norwegian 112,045 2.9%
Polish 107,340 2.8%
Swedish 89,630 2.3%
Welsh 86,710 2.2%
Russian 86,110 2.2%
Filipino 69,345 1.8%
American (USA) 59,075 1.5%
Danish 49,685 1.3%
Ethnic Origin Population Percent
Métis 45,455 1.2%
Hungarian 43,515 1.1%
Japanese 37,385 1.0%
Austrian 36,850 1.0%
Spanish 33,945 0.9%
Korean 32,200 0.8%
Jewish 31,280 0.8%
British 30,630 0.8%
Portuguese 30,085 0.8%
Finnish 27,270 0.7%
Vietnamese 27,190 0.7%
Swiss 23,895 0.6%
Iranian 21,910 0.6%
Romanian 19,910 0.5%
Icelandic 19,155 0.5%
Czech 17,865 0.5%
Greek 17,705 0.5%
Punjabi 16,565 0.4%
Danish 16,285 0.4%
Belgian 14,555 0.4%%


Source: Statistics Canada[14]
British Columbia has a very diverse ethnic population, with a large number of immigrants having lived in the province for 30 years or less. Asians are by far the largest visible minority demographic, with many of the Lower Mainland's large cities having sizable Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, and Korean communities. The Sikh population is also considerable, especially in Surrey and South Vancouver. This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ... Ethnic Germans – often simply called Germans – are those who are considered, by themselves or others, to be ethnically German but do not live within the present-day Federal Republic of Germany, nor necessarily hold its citizenship. ... // Indo-Canadians are Canadians whose origin traces back to the nation of India. ... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity that refers to the indigenous peoples in what is now Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... The Welsh are, according to Hastings (1997), an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... The first U.S. census, in 1790, recorded four million Americans. ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, mixed-bloods, Countryborn (or Anglo-Métis), are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... Hungarian may refer to: Hungary or the Kingdom of Hungary. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or a member of the Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Language(s) Finnish, Swedish Languages related to Finnish include Estonian, Karelian, Vepsian, Võro and to a lesser extent, all Finno-Ugric Languages. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Iranian peoples are peoples who speak an Iranian language and/or belong to the Iranian stock. ... Czechs (Czech: ÄŒeÅ¡i) are a western Slavic people of Central Europe, living predominantly in the Czech Republic. ... The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The term multiculturalism generally refers to a state of both cultural and ethnic diversity within the demographics of a particular social space. ... Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada and become nationals of the country. ... The term Asian can refer to something or someone from Asia. ... Visible minorities are persons who are not of the majority race in a given population. ... The Lower Mainland is the name that residents of British Columbia apply to the region surrounding the City of Vancouver. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Location of Surrey Country Province Regional District Metro Vancouver Incorporation 1879 (municipality status)   1993 (city status) Government  - Mayor Dianne Watts  - Governing body  - MLAs List of MLAs Harry Bains (NDP) Jagrup Brar (NDP) Bruce Ralston (NDP) Kevin Falcon (LIB) Dave Hayer (LIB) Gordon Hogg (LIB) Sue Hammell (NDP) leader_title3 = MPs Area...


Also present in large numbers relative to other cities in Canada (except Toronto), and ever since the province was first settled (unlike Toronto), are many European ethnicities of the first and second generation, notably Germans, Scandinavians, Yugoslavs and Italians; third-generation Europeans are generally of mixed lineage, and traditionally intermarried with other ethnic groups more than in any other Canadian province. First-generation Britons remain a strong component of local society despite limitations on immigration from Britain since the ending of special status for British subjects in the 1960s. It is the only province where "English" ethnicity gets more response than "Canadian". American ancestry is under-reported; many Americans crossed into British Columbia during 19th century gold rushes and political turmoil like the Vietnam War. Scandinavia is the cultural and historic region of the Scandinavian Peninsula. ... // Demographics This is data from two Yugoslav censa (1971 and 1981). ... By county. ...


The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Figures shown are the total number of responses and the percentage of the 3,868,875 responses to this question in the 2001 Census. Groups with more than 12,000 responses are included. Canadiens redirects here. ...

Further information: Statistics Canada. "British Columbia ethno-cultural profile"[15]

Language

Of the 4,113,847 population counted by the 2006 census, 4,074,385 people completed the section about language. Of these 4,022,045 gave singular responses to the question regarding mother tongue. The languages most commonly reported were the following:

Language Number of
native speakers
Percentage of
singular responses
English 2,875,770 71.5%
Chinese languages 342,920 8.5%
Panjabi (Punjabi) 158,750 4.0%
German 86,690 2.2%
French 54,745 1.4%
Tagalog (Filipino/Pilipino) 50,425 1.3%
Korean 46,500 1.2%
Spanish 34,075 0.9%
Persian (Farsi) 28,150 0.7%
Italian 27,020 0.7%
Dutch (Nederlands) 26,355 0.7%
Vietnamese 24,560 0.7%
Hindi 23,240 0.6%
Japanese 20,040 0.5%
Russian 19,320 0.5%
Polish 17,565 0.4%
Portuguese 14,385 0.4%
Ukrainian 12,285 0.3%
Hungarian (Magyar) 10,670 0.3%
Croatian 8,505 0.2%
Language Number of
native speakers
Percentage of
singular responses
Arabic 8,440 0.2%
Urdu 7,025 0.2%
Danish 6,720 0.2%
Greek 6,620 0.2%
Gujarati 6,565 0.2%
Romanian 6,335 0.2%
Serbian 6,180 0.2%
Czech 6,000 0.1%
Finnish 4,770 0.1%
Athabaskan languages 3,500 0.1%
Slovak 3,490 0.1%
Norwegian 3,275 0.1%
Tamil 3,200 0.1%
Salish languages 3,190 0.1%
Ilocano 3,100 0.1%
Malay 3,100 0.1%
Bisayan languages 3,035 0.1%
Swedish 2,875 0.1%
Turkish 2,255 0.1%
Tsimshian languages 2,125 0.1%


Numerous other languages were also counted, but only languages with more than 2,000 native speakers are shown.
(Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses)[16] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngwén) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: Hànyǔ, Huáyǔ, or Zhōngwén) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Dutch ( ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people, mainly in the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname, but also by smaller groups of speakers in parts of France, Germany and several former Dutch colonies. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Hungarian (magyar nyelv  ) is a Finno-Ugric language (more specifically an Ugric language) unrelated to most other languages in Europe. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Athapascan or Athapaskan) is the name of a large group of distantly related Native American peoples, also known as the Athabasca Indians or Athapaskes, and of their language family. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of western Canada and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... To view the Ilokano edition of this Wikipedia article, select from the in other languages Ilokano (variants: Ilocano, Iluko, Iloco, and Iloko) is the third most-spoken language of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... The Visayan languages of the Philippines, along with Tagalog and Bikol, are part of the Central Philippine language family. ... Pre-contact distribution of Tsimshianic languages Tsimshianic is a family of languages spoken in northernwestern British Columbia and southern Alaska. ...

Politics

The Parliament buildings in Victoria
The Parliament buildings in Victoria
The chamber of the provincial legislature
The chamber of the provincial legislature

The Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, Steven Point, is the Queen of Canada's representative in the Province of British Columbia. During the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor, the Governor General in Council may appoint an Administrator to execute the duties of the office. In practice, this is usually the Chief Justice of British Columbia.[17] Prior to 1903, there were no political parties in British Columbia, Canada, other than at the federal level. ... Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, Iona Campagnolo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2879x1921, 7264 KB) British Columbia Legislature Buildings (Victoria, BC, Canada). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2879x1921, 7264 KB) British Columbia Legislature Buildings (Victoria, BC, Canada). ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Categories: Lieutenant Governors of British Columbia | Lists of office-holders ... Steven Lewis Point, OBC is the 28th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. ... Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, wearing the Sovereigns insignia of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit The style of the Canadian Sovereign has varied over the years. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... The British Columbia Court of Appeal is the highest appellate court in the province of British Columbia. ...


BC has a 79-member elected Legislative Assembly, elected by the plurality voting system, though in recent years there has been significant debate about switching to a single transferable vote system. Legislature Building in Victoria, BC The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is located in Victoria. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Currently, the province is governed by the British Columbia Liberal Party under Premier Gordon Campbell. Campbell won the largest landslide election in BC history in 2001 (77 of 79 seats), but the legislature is more evenly divided between Liberals and members of the social democratic New Democratic Party (NDP) following the 2005 provincial election. Recent years have seen the Green Party of British Columbia becoming a serious contender with double digit support, though they have not yet won a seat in the legislature. The British Columbia Liberal Party (usually referred to as the BC Liberals) is the governing political party in British Columbia, Canada. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... The New Democratic Party of British Columbia is a democratic socialist political party in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Green Party of British Columbia is a political party in British Columbia, Canada. ...


The British Columbia Liberal Party is unrelated to the federal Liberal Party and does not share its ideology. Instead, the BC Liberal party is a rather diverse coalition, made up of the remnants of the Social Credit Party, many federal Liberals, federal Conservatives, and those who would otherwise support right-of-centre or free enterprise parties. Historically, there have commonly been third parties members present in the legislature, but there are presently none. In a two-party system a third party is a party other than the two dominant ones. ...


Prior to the rise of the Liberal Party, British Columbia's main right-of-centre political party was the British Columbia Social Credit Party which ruled BC for almost 40 continuous years. Aside from intervals of NDP rule from 1972-1975 (1976-1990 British Columbia Social Credit Party) and 1991-2001, the "Socreds" or their de-facto successor, 2002-2007 the BC Liberals, have controlled the legislature for the past 55 years. In an April poll by polling firm Ipsos-Reid, the BC Liberals were shown as having the support of 49% of voters, compared to 32% for the NDP. The next election is scheduled for May, 2009. The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing political party of British Columbia, Canada, for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election. ...


BC is known for having politically active labour unions, who have traditionally supported the NDP. The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions, forming a cartel of labour. ...

Economy

Vancouver is the business capital of British Columbia
Vancouver is the business capital of British Columbia

British Columbia has a resource dominated economy, centred on the forestry industry, but also with increasing importance in mining. While employment in the resource sector has fallen steadily, unemployment is currently at a 30-year low of 4.5%.[18] New jobs are mostly in the construction and retail/service sectors. Currently, the Vancouver region is the third-largest feature film production location in North America, after Los Angeles and New York.[19] Marijuana cultivation also plays an important role in British Columbia's economy, and according to some it plays a bigger role than forestry[20] For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ...


The economic history of BC is replete with tales of dramatic upswings and downswings and this boom and bust pattern has influenced the politics, culture and business climate of the province. Economic activity related to mining in particular has widely fluctuated with changes in commodity prices over time, with documented costs to community health.[21] An abstract business cycle The business cycle or economic cycle refers to the ups and downs seen somewhat simultaneously in most parts of an economy. ... In economics, the term boom and bust refers to the movement of an economy through economic cycles. ...

Transportation

History

Transportation played a major role in British Columbia history. The Rocky Mountains and the ranges west of them constituted a significant obstacle to overland travel until the completion of the transcontinental railway in 1885. The Peace River Canyon through the Rocky Mountains was the route that the earliest explorers and fur traders used. Fur trade routes were only marginally used for access to BC through the mountains. Travel from the rest of Canada before 1885 meant the difficulty of overland travel via the United States, around Cape Horn or overseas from Asia. Nearly all travel and freight to and from the region occurred via the Pacific Ocean, primarily through the ports of Victoria and New Westminster. For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... For other uses, see Peace River. ...


Until the 1930s, rail was the only means of overland travel to and from the rest of Canada, travellers using motor vehicles needed to journey through the United States. With the construction of the Inter-Provincial Highway in 1932 (now known as the Crowsnest Pass Highway), and later the Trans-Canada Highway, road transportation evolved into the preferred mode of overland travel to and from the rest of the country.     Crowsnest Highway marker shields. ... For the Boards of Canada record, see Trans Canada Highway (EP). ...

Roads and highways

Alex Fraser Bridge on Highway 91 in Richmond/Delta
Alex Fraser Bridge on Highway 91 in Richmond/Delta

Due to its size and rugged, varying topography, British Columbia requires thousands of kilometres of provincial highways to connect its communities. British Columbia's roads systems were notoriously poorly maintained and dangerous until a concentrated programme of improvement was initiated in the 1950s and 60s. There are now freeways in the Lower Mainland and Central Interior of the province, and much of the rest of the province is accessible by well-maintained two lane arterial highways with additional passing lanes in mountainous areas. The building and maintenance of provincial highways is the responsibility of the provincial government. This article lists all existing numbered highways in British Columbia, Canada. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2267x1050, 1116 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): British Columbia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2267x1050, 1116 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): British Columbia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Alex Fraser Bridge The Alex Fraser Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the Fraser River and connects New Westminster with North Delta in the Greater Vancouver Regional District, British Columbia. ... Highway 91 is an alternative freeway route to Highway 99 through Delta, New Westminster and Richmond. ...


There are four major routes through the Rocky Mountains to the rest of Canada. From south to north they are: The Crowsnest Pass Highway through Sparwood, the Trans-Canada Highway through Banff National Park, the Yellowhead Highway through Jasper National Park, and Highway 2 through Dawson Creek. There are also several highway crossings to the adjoining American states of Washington, Idaho, and Montana. The longest highway is Highway 97, running 2,081 kilometres (1,293 mi) from the BC-Washington border at Osoyoos north to Watson Lake, Yukon. Sparwood is a town in British Columbia, Canada. ... Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks Banff National Park is Canadas oldest national park, established in 1885, in the Canadian Rockies. ... The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ... Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning 10,878 km² (4200 mi²). It is located in the province of Alberta, to the north of Banff National Park and west of the city of Edmonton. ... Highway 2, known locally as the Tupper Highway, is one of the two short connections from Dawson Creek to the border between B.C. and Alberta. ... For the TV series, see Dawsons Creek. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Highway 97 is the longest continuously-numbered route in the province, running 2,081 km (1,283 mi) from the Canada/U.S. border at Osoyoos in the south to the British Columbia/Yukon border in the north at Watson Lake, Yukon. ... Watson Lake, Yukon - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...

Surface public transit

Prior to 1978, surface public transit was administered by BC Hydro, the provincially-owned electricity utility. Subsequently, the province established BC Transit to oversee and operate all municipal transportation systems. In 1998, Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority (TransLink) (now South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority), a separate authority for the Greater Vancouver Regional District (now Metro Vancouver), was established. BC Transit is a provincial crown agency responsible for coordinating the delivery of public transportation within British Columbia, Canada, outside of Greater Vancouver. ... Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority is responsible for public transit in Greater Vancouver area. ... There are several entities called Translink or TransLink, including TransLink (South East Queensland), the integrated public transport system covering rail, bus and ferry networks in Brisbane and South East Queensland, Australia TransLink (Vancouver), the regional transportation authority serving the area of in British Columbia, Canada Translink (Northern Ireland), a transportation... Motto: Building a sustainable region Area 2,878. ...


Public Transit in British Columbia consists mainly of diesel buses, although the City of Vancouver is also serviced by a fleet of electric buses. TransLink operates SkyTrain, a light rapid transit system serving Vancouver, Burnaby, New Westminster, and North Surrey. Presently, extensions of the line south to Richmond (the Canada Line) and east to Coquitlam and Port Moody (the Evergreen Line) are being developed. The platform at Metrotown Station in Burnaby is one of the busiest in the SkyTrain system. ... Where most trains have a driver’s cab, ART Mark II trains give passengers a large picture window through which they can see where the train is going. ... RAV redirects here. ... Port Moody, British Columbia is a small city forming a crescent at the east end of Burrard Inlet in British Columbia, Canada, and part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District. ...

Rail

CPR train traversing the Stoney Creek Bridge
CPR train traversing the Stoney Creek Bridge

The completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) in 1885 was a condition of British Columbia's entry into the Canadian Confederation. Rail development expanded greatly in the subsequent decades, and was the chief mode of long-distance surface transportation until the expansion and improvement of the provincial highways system began in the 1950s. Apart from the CPR, numerous other lines were developed. Two major routes through the Yellowhead Pass competed with the CPR — the Grand Trunk Pacific, terminating at Prince Rupert, and the Canadian National Railway (CNR), terminating at Vancouver. The Pacific Great Eastern (PGE) line supplemented this service, providing a north-south route between Interior resource communities and the coast. The PGE (later known as British Columbia Railway and now owned by CNR) connects Fort St James, Fort Nelson, and Tumbler Ridge with North Vancouver. Download high resolution version (513x768, 421 KB) A Canadian Pacific Railway freight eastbound over the Stoney Creek Bridge. ... Download high resolution version (513x768, 421 KB) A Canadian Pacific Railway freight eastbound over the Stoney Creek Bridge. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Canadian National Railways GP9 climbing in the Yellowhead Pass The Yellowhead Pass (elevation 1110 m, lat. ... Grand Trunk Pacific Railway logo or herald The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR) was a historical Canadian railway. ... Orthographic projection centred over Prince Rupert BC Coast, showing Prince Rupert and Vancouver Prince Rupert is a city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... BC Rail (AAR reporting marks BCOL and BCIT), known as the British Columbia Railway between 1972 and 1984 and as the Pacific Great Eastern Railway (PGE; AAR reporting marks PGE and PGER) before 1972, was a railway that operated in the Canadian province of British Columbia between 1912 and 2004. ... Fort St. ... Fort Nelson is a town of approximately 5000 residents in British Columbias northeastern corner. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Regional District Peace River Incorporated April 1981 (district) Government  - Mayor Mike Caisley  - Governing body Tumbler Ridge District Council  - MP Jay Hill  - MLA Blair Lekstrom Area  - Town 1,574. ... This article is about the City of North Vancouver. ...

Water

BC Ferries was established as a provincial crown corporation in 1960 to provide passenger and vehicle ferry service between Vancouver Island and the Lower Mainland as a cheaper and more reliable alternative to the service operated by the CPR. It now operates 25 routes among the islands of British Columbia, as well as between the islands and the mainland. Ferry service to Washington is offered by the Washington State Ferries (between Sidney and Anacortes) and Black Ball Transport (between Victoria and Port Angeles). Ferry service over inland lakes and rivers is provided by the provincial government. British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. ... The U.S. state of Washington runs the largest fleet of passenger and automobile ferries in the United States and the third largest in the world. ... Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... View of the downtown and marina of Anacortes, from the east Anacortes (pronounced ) is a city in Skagit County, Washington, USA. The name Anacortes comes from Annie Curtis, the maiden name of early settler Amos Bowmans wife. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Early morning photograph from the pier tower Port Angeles is a city in Clallam County, Washington, United States. ...


Commercial ocean transport is of vital importance. Major ports are located at Vancouver, Roberts Bank (near Tsawwassen), Prince Rupert, and Victoria. Of these, the Port of Vancouver is the most important, being the largest in Canada and the most diversified in North America. Vancouver, Victoria, and Prince Rupert are also major ports of call for cruise ships. In 2007, a large maritime container port will be opened in Prince Rupert with an inland sorting port located in Prince George. This container port is also scheduled for expansion in 2009. , Tsawwassens BC Ferry terminal. ... General information Founded Original shipment 1964 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 49°1637 N 123°0715 W Area  - Coastline  - Land  - Water 247 kilometres 4. ... A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... for the city in British Columbia, see Prince Rupert, British Columbia Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1619-1682), soldier and inventor, was a younger son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, and the nephew of King Charles I of England. ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ...

Air

There are over 200 airports located throughout B.C, the major ones being the Vancouver International Airport (YVR), the Victoria International Airport (YYJ), the Kelowna International Airport (YLW), and the Prince George International Airport (YXS), the first three of which each served over 1,000,000 passengers in 2005. Vancouver International Airport is the second busiest airport in the country with an estimated 16 million travellers passing through in 2005. Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVR, ICAO: CYVR) is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 15 kilometres from downtown Vancouver. ... Victoria International Airport (IATA: YYJ, ICAO: CYYJ) serves Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Kelowna International Airport (IATA: YLW, ICAO: CYLW) is located apoximately 10 minutes or 6. ... Prince George Airport (IATA: YXS, ICAO: CYXS) is an airport that serves Prince George, British Columbia, Canada and the surrounding area. ...

Parks and protected areas

Yoho National Park
Yoho National Park

There are 14 designations of parks and protected areas in the province that reflects the different administration and creation of these areas in a modern context. There are 141 ecological Reserves, 35 provincial marine parks, 7 Provincial Heritage Sites, 6 National Historic Sites, 4 National Parks and 3 National Park Reserves. 12.5% (114,000 km²) of BC is currently considered 'protected' under one of the 14 different designations that includes over 800 distinct areas. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


British Columbia contains seven of Canada's national parks: Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

BC also contains a large network of provincial parks, run by BC Parks of the Ministry of Environment. BC's provincial parks system is the second largest parks system in Canada (the largest is Canada's National Parks system). Glacier National Park is one of seven national parks in British Columbia, Canada. ... Gulf Islands National Park Reserve is Canadas 40th National Park. ... The Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site is a combination of a national park reserve and a heritage site located in British Columbia, Canada. ... Kootenay National Park is located in southeastern British Columbia, Canada covering 1,406 km² (543 mi²) in the Canadian Rockies and is part of a World Heritage Site. ... Mount Revelstoke National Park is located adjacent to the city of Revelstoke, British Columbia in Canada. ... Pacific Rim National Park is a Canadian national park in British Columbia made up of three separate regions: Long Beach, the Broken Group Islands, and the West Coast Trail. ... Takakkaw Falls Emerald Lake Yoho National Park is located in the Canadian Rocky Mountains along the western slope of the Continental Divide in southeastern British Columbia. ... The following is a list of all British Columbia land currently managed by BC Parks. ...


In addition to these areas, over 4.7 million hectares of arable land are protected by the Agricultural Land Reserve. The Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR) is a collection of land in the Canadian province of British Columbia in which agriculture is recognized as the priority use. ...

Recreation

Given its varied mountainous terrain and its coasts, lakes, rivers, and forests, British Columbia has long been enjoyed for pursuits like hiking and camping, rock climbing and mountaineering, hunting and fishing. This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... For the computer security term, see Phishing. ...


Water sports, both motorized and non-motorized, are enjoyed in many places. Sea kayaking opportunities abound on the B.C. coast with its fjords. Whitewater rafting and kayaking are popular on many inland rivers. Sailing and sailboarding are widely enjoyed. Look up kayak in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lysefjorden in Norway A fjord (pronounced FEE-ord or fyord, SAMPA: [fi:3:d] or [faI3:d]; sometimes written fiord) is a glacially overdeepened valley, usually narrow and steep-sided, extending below sea level and filled with salt water. ... Rafting is a recreational activity utilizing a raft to navigate a river or other body of water. ... For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... Windsurfing in Essex, England Windsurfing (also called boardsailing) is a sport involving travel over water on a small 2-4. ...

Ice sailing in Whistler
Ice sailing in Whistler

In winter, cross-country and telemark skiing are much enjoyed, and in recent decades high-quality downhill skiing has been developed in the Coast Mountain range and the Rockies, as well as in the southern areas of the Shuswap Highlands and the Columbia Mountains. Snowboarding has mushroomed in popularity since the early 1990s. The 2010 Winter Olympics downhill events will be held in Whistler-Blackcomb area of the province, while the indoor events will be in the Vancouver area. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 5046 KB) Whistler Ice Sailor Zooming across frozen Green Lake near Whistler, British Columbia, Canada. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 5046 KB) Whistler Ice Sailor Zooming across frozen Green Lake near Whistler, British Columbia, Canada. ... Location of Whistler within the Squamish-Lillooet District in British Columbia, Canada Coordinates: , Country Canada Province British Columbia Regional District Squamish-Lillooet Settled 1914 by Mrytle and Alex Philip Incorporated 1975 Government  - Mayor Ken Melamed  - Manager Bill Barratt  - Governing body Whistler Town Council  - MP Blair Wilson  - MLA Joan McIntyre Area... Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... This article is about the ski resort. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ...


In Vancouver and Victoria (as well as some other cities), opportunities for joggers and bicyclists have been developed. Cross-country bike touring has been popular since the ten-speed bike became available many years ago. Since the advent of more robust mountain bikes, trails in more rugged and wild places have been developed for them. Some of the province's retired rail beds have been converted and maintained for hiking, biking, and cross-country skiing.


Horseback riding is enjoyed by many British Columbians. Opportunities for trail riding, often into especially scenic areas, have been established for tourists in numerous areas of the province. horse, see Horse (disambiguation). ... Trail riding is riding on trails as opposed to riding on roads or courses. ...


British Columbia also has strong participation levels in many other sports, including golf, tennis, soccer, hockey, Canadian football, rugby union, softball, basketball, curling and figure skating. B.C. has produced many outstanding athletes, especially in aquatic and winter sports. Also, today programmes of training and toning systems like aerobics and hatha yoga are widespread. Most communities of several thousand people or more have developed facilities for these. This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Diagram of a Canadian football field. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Softball is a team sport popular especially in the United States. ... This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Curling (disambiguation). ... Figure skating is an ice skating sporting event where individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on the ice, often to music. ... An aerobics class. ... Hatha yoga (Sanskrit हठयोग ), also called Hatha Vidya (हठविद्या), is a particular system of Yoga introduced by Yogi Swatmarama, a sage of 15th century India, and compiler of the Hatha Yoga Pradipika. ...


Consistent with both increased tourism and increased participation in diverse recreations by British Columbians themselves has been the proliferation of lodges, chalets, bed and breakfasts, motels, hotels, fishing camps, and park-camping facilities in recent decades. A luxury resort, sometimes referred to as an exclusive resort, is a very expensive vacation facility which is fully staffed and has been rated with five stars. ... This article is about a type of building. ... Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ...


In certain areas, there are businesses, non-profit societies, or municipal governments dedicated to promoting ecotourism in their region. A number of BC farmers offer visitors to combine tourism with farm work, e.g. through the WWOOF Canada program.[22] Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism that appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious individuals. ... World-Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms (also known as Willing Workers on Organic Farms) (WWOOF) is an organization which facilitates the placement of volunteer workers on organic farms. ...

Recreational cannabis

A crop of Cannabis Sativa, or "BC Bud"
A crop of Cannabis Sativa, or "BC Bud"

A 2004 study (published 2006) by the University of Victoria Centre for Addictions Research of BC and Simon Fraser University Applied Research on Mental Health and Addictions indicated cannabis use is more widespread among British Columbians than with the rest of Canadians.[23] However, a UN report published in July 2007 actually placed Quebec as the highest consumption province, citing 15.8% of Quebecers having used marijuana in a single year, versus 14.1% of Canadians nationally,[24] and resulted in Canada being placed first in the industrialized world in marijuana use. With the actual growing of marijuana, BC is responsible for 40% of all cannabis produced in Canada.[25] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The University of Victoria (usually known as UVic, though originally as U of V) is located in Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (northeast of Victoria). ... Simon Fraser University (SFU) is located on Burnaby Mountain in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, part of the metropolitan area of Vancouver, British Columbia. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ...

Maps

Regional districts

The primary local administrative units of British Columbia are its 28 Regional Districts. Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is an area of governmental administration below a province, region, state or other major national subdivision. ... The Canadian Province of British Columbia is divided into Regional Districts, analogous to counties in other jurisdictions. ...

Cities

The flag of British Columbia flying aboard the BC Ferries vessel MV Queen of Oak Bay
The flag of British Columbia flying aboard the BC Ferries vessel MV Queen of Oak Bay

Half of all British Columbians live in the Greater Vancouver Regional District, which includes Vancouver, Surrey, New Westminster, West Vancouver, North Vancouver (city), North Vancouver (district municipality), Burnaby, Coquitlam, Port Coquitlam, Maple Ridge, Langley (city), Langley (district municipality), Delta, Pitt Meadows, White Rock, Richmond, Port Moody, Anmore, Belcarra, Lions Bay and Bowen Island, as well as 17 Native reserves and the unincorporated regional district electoral area known as Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A. Flag of British Columbia Flag ratio: 3:5 The Flag of British Columbia, Canada is based upon the shield of the provincial arms of British Columbia. ... British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. ... The Queen of Oak Bay is a double-ended C class roll-on/roll-off ferry in the BC Ferries fleet, launched in 1981 at Victoria, British Columbia. ... Motto: Building a sustainable region Area 2,878. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Location of Surrey Country Province Regional District Metro Vancouver Incorporation 1879 (municipality status)   1993 (city status) Government  - Mayor Dianne Watts  - Governing body  - MLAs List of MLAs Harry Bains (NDP) Jagrup Brar (NDP) Bruce Ralston (NDP) Kevin Falcon (LIB) Dave Hayer (LIB) Gordon Hogg (LIB) Sue Hammell (NDP) leader_title3 = MPs Area... New Westminster redirects here. ... West Vancouver is a district municipality in the province of British Columbia. ... This article is about the City of North Vancouver. ... This article is about the District of North Vancouver. ... “Burnaby” redirects here. ... This article is about Coquitlam, British Columbia. ... Port Coquitlam is a city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Motto: Rivers of bounty, Peaks of gold Location of Maple Ridge within the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Greater Vancouver Incorporated 1874 Government  - Mayor Gord Robson Area  - Total 265. ... Location of Langley in British Columbia Coordinates: , Country Province Region Lower Mainland Regional district Metro Vancouver Incorporated March 15, 1955 Government  - Governing body Langley City Council  - Mayor Peter Fassbender  - Councillors Jack Arnold Ted Schaffer Gayle Martin Terry Smith Sharla Mauger Teri James  - MP Mark Warawa (Cons. ... Mayor Kurt Alberts Councillors Charlie Fox Howie Vickberg Grant Ward Jordan Bateman Steve Ferguson Kim Richter Mel Kositsky Bob Long Population (2006) 93,726 [1] Area 316 square kilometres[2] Incorporation Date April 26, 1873 Member of Parliament Mark Warawa (Conservative) Member of the Legislative Assembly Mary Polak (BC Liberal... Delta is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada. ... Current Flag of Pitt Meadows Pitt Meadows is a City in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. ... White Rock sunset White Rock Beach with the famous pier With a population of 19,735, White Rock is located in the southwest corner of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, Canada, forty-five kilometers from Vancouver and is flanked on the south by the Canada/US border and Blaine... Richmond is an incorporated city on the Pacific coast of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Port Moody, British Columbia is a small city forming a crescent at the east end of Burrard Inlet in British Columbia, Canada, and part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District. ... Anmore, British Columbia, is a small community in the Greater Vancouver Regional District, north of the city of Port Moody and along the shores of the Indian Arm. ... Categories: British Columbia communities | Stub ... Lions Bay is located north of Vancouver, British Columbia, on Highway 99. ... Bowen Island lies near Vancouver, British Columbia in Howe Sound. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... This is a list of regional district electoral areas in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A is a part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia. ...


The second largest concentration of British Columbia population is located at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, which is made up of the 13 municipalities of Greater Victoria, (Victoria, Saanich, Esquimalt, Oak Bay, View Royal, Highlands, Colwood, Langford, Central Saanich/Saanichton, North Saanich, Sidney, Metchosin, Sooke and several Native reserves), or the Capital Regional District. Almost half of the Vancouver Island population is located in Victoria. Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... // Introduction The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. ... The Township of Esquimalt is a municipality at the southern tip of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. ... Oak Bay is a municipality in the Capital Regional District on Vancouver Island in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... View Royal is a municipality in Greater Victoria and a part of the Capital Regional District of British Columbia, Canada. ... The District of Highlands (locally known as The Highlands) is a municipal district on the Saanich Peninsula, near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. ... Colwood is a city located on Vancouver Island to the southwest of Victoria, capital of British Columbia. ... Langford is a city of 22,459 residents on southern Vancouver Island, within the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Central Saanich is a district municipality in Greater Victoria and a member municipality of the Capital Regional District. ... Saanichton is a component community of the district municipality of Central Saanich, north of Victoria, British Columbia Categories: | ... North Saanich is located on the Saanich Peninsula, approximately 25 kilometres north of Victoria, British Columbia on southern Vancouver Island. ... Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... The District of Metchosin is a small, coastal community (fewer than 5000 people) in Greater Victoria, British Columbias Western Communities. ... Sooke is an incorporated community situated on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... YK NWT AB USA AK Capital Cariboo Cowichan GVRD Nanaimo Stikine The Capital Regional District (CRD) is a local government administrative district encompassing the southern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada and the southern Gulf Islands: (Saltspring, Galiano, Pender, Saturna, Mayne), and many smaller islands. ...


Other municipalities:

Abbotsford
Campbell River
Chilliwack
Colwood
Courtenay
Cranbrook
Dawson Creek
Fernie
Fort St. John
Kamloops
Kelowna
Kimberley
Langford
Mission
Nanaimo
North Cowichan
Penticton
Prince George
Prince Rupert
Quesnel
Saanich
Vernon
Victoria (provincial capital)
Williams Lake
See also: List of communities in British Columbia

Wildlife

Much of the province is wild or semi-wild, so that populations of very many mammalian species that have become rare in much of the United States still flourish in B.C. Watching animals of various sorts, including a very wide range of birds, has also long been popular. Bears (grizzly, black, and the Kermode bear or spirit bear—only found in British Columbia) live here, as do deer, elk, moose, caribou, big-horn sheep, mountain goats, marmots, beavers, muskrat, coyotes, wolves, mustelids (such as wolverines, badgers and fishers), mountain lions, eagles, ospreys, herons, Canada geese, swans, loons, hawks, owls, ravens, harlequin ducks, and many other sorts of ducks. Smaller birds (robins, jays, grosbeaks, chickadees, etc.) also abound. For other cities with this name, see Abbotsford. ... Motto: non mangiamo i cervelli (Enriched by land and sea) Location of Campbell River, British Columbia Coordinates: , Country Canada Province British Columbia Region Comox-Strathcona Founded 1855 Incorporated 1947 Government  - Mayor Roger McDonell  - Governing body Campbell River Council Area  - City 143. ... Chilliwack is a Canadian city in the Province of British Columbia. ... Colwood is a city located on Vancouver Island to the southwest of Victoria, capital of British Columbia. ... Courtenay is a city on the east coast of Vancouver Island, in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Cranbrook, British Columbia ( ) is a city in southeast British Columbia, seat of the Regional District of East Kootenay. ... For the TV series, see Dawsons Creek. ... The City of Fernie is located in the southeast corner of British Columbia, Canada, surrounded by the Canadian Rockies. ... The City of Fort St. ... “Kamloops” redirects here. ... Location of Kelowna within the Central Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Central Okanagan Settled 1879 Incorporated 1905 Government  - Mayor Sharon Shepherd  - Governing body Kelowna City Council  - MP Ron Cannan  - MLAs Al Horning Sindi Hawkins Area  - City 283 km²  (109. ... Kimberley Bavarian cuckoo clock Kimberley is a small mining town in British Columbia, Canada, located in the southeastern tip of the province, along Highway 95A in between the Purcell and Rocky Mountains. ... Langford is a city of 22,459 residents on southern Vancouver Island, within the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Mission is a Canadian district municipality, in the province of British Columbia and is situated on the north bank of the Fraser River, overlooking the Fraser Valley. ... There are several federal and provincial electoral districts with the name Nanaimo. ... North Cowichan is a District municipality on the east coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada in the Cowichan Valley Regional District. ... Penticton ( ) is a city in south central British Columbia between Okanagan Lake and Skaha Lake (at one time known officially as Dog Lake). According to the 2001 census its population is 30,985 (41,574 in the greater area). ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... Orthographic projection centred over Prince Rupert BC Coast, showing Prince Rupert and Vancouver Prince Rupert is a city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... Quesnel is a city in the Cariboo District of British Columbia, Canada. ... // Introduction The District of Saanich is a municipality on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. ... Vernon is a city in the south-central region of British Columbia, Canada. ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Williams Lake also known as BCs Stampede Capital (and jokingly refered to as Willies Puddle) is a city in British Columbia, Canada. ... This is a list of communities in British Columbia, a province in Canada. ... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... For other meanings, see Bear (disambiguation). ... Trinomial name Ursus americanus kermodei The Kermode bear is a genetically-unique subspecies of bear found in the central coast of British Columbia. ... This article is about the ruminent animal. ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... ... Binomial name Oreamnos americanus (Blainville, 1816) The Rocky Mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus), often called simply mountain goat, is a large hoofed mammal found only in North America. ... Species see text Marmots are members of the genus Marmota, in the rodent family Sciuridae (squirrels). ... Species C. canadensis C. fiber Beavers are semi-aquatic rodents native to North America and Europe. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1766) Muskrat range (native range in red, introduced range in green) The muskrat or musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a medium-sized semi-aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of Europe, Asia, and South America. ... Binomial name Canis latrans Say, 1823 A coyote (Canis latrans) is a member of the Canidae (the dog family) and a relative of the domestic dog. ... Wolves may refer to: Gray Wolf Other uses of Wolf: see Wolf (disambiguation) Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. Category: ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Binomial name Gulo gulo (Linnaeus, 1758) The wolverine (Gulo gulo) is the largest terrestrial species of the Mustelidae or weasel family, and is also called the glutton or carcajou. ... For other uses, see Badger (disambiguation). ... Fishers is the name of several places in the United States of America: Fishers, Indiana Fishers, New York There is also Fishers Island, New York. ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) Cougar range map Synonyms Felis concolor The cougar (Puma concolor), also known as the puma or mountain lion, is a New World mammal of the Felidae family. ... Eagles redirects here. ... Heron (disambiguation) Genera Ardea Zebrilus Philherodias Tigrisoma Ardeola Bubulcus Egretta Agamia Butorides Tigriornis Tigrisoma Gorsachius Syrigma Zonerodius Nycticorax see also: Bittern Herons are medium to large long-legged, long-necked wading birds of the family Ardeidae, which also includes the egrets and bitterns. ... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Canadian Goose in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species with largely black plumage, distinguishing them from the grey Anser species. ... For other uses, see Swan (disambiguation). ... Species Gavia stellata Gavia arctica Gavia pacifica Gavia immer Gavia adamsii For other meanings of diver, also see diving. ... For the politican faction referred to as hawks see Bush administration. ... Species See text Many large black birds of the genus Corvus are called ravens. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Ocyplonessa The Harlequin Duck is a small sea duck. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1766 The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. ... For the Latin alphabet letter, see J. Genera Aphelocoma Cyanocitta Cyanocorax Garrulus Gymnorhinus Perisoreus Jay is a common name for several species of medium sized, usually colorful and noisy passerine or perching birds in the family Corvidae, or crow family, closely allied to the magpies (the names jay and magpie... Grosbeak is the name given to several species of seed-eating passerine bird with large bills, in the finch and cardinal families. ... Genera see text The tits, chickadees, and titmice, family Paridae, are a large family of small passerine birds which occur in the northern hemisphere and Africa. ...


Healthy populations of many sorts of fish are found in the waters (including salmonids such as several species of salmon, trout, char, etc.). Besides salmon and trout, sport-fishers in B.C. also catch halibut, steelhead, bass, and sturgeon. On the coastlines, harbour seals and river otters are common. Cetacean species native to the coast include the Orca, Gray Whale, Harbour Porpoise, Dall's Porpoise, Pacific White-Sided Dolphin and Minke Whale. For other uses, see Salmon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Trout (disambiguation). ... Species (see text) Salvelinus is a genus of Salmonid fish, referring to charizard or charr. ... This article is about the flatfish species; for the United States Navy ships named Halibut see USS Halibut. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Rainbow trout. ... Striped bass (Morone saxatilis) Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) Bass (IPA /bæs/) is a name shared by many different species of popular game fish. ... Sturgeon is a term for a genus of fish (Acipenser) of which 26 species are known. ... Binomial name Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758 Common or Harbour Seals (Phoca vitulina) are true seals of the Northern Hemisphere. ... Binomial name Lontra canadensis (Schreber, 1777) The Northern River Otter, Lontra canadensis, is a North American member of the Mustelidae or weasel family. ... Suborders Mysticeti Odontoceti (see text) The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. ... Binomial name Orcinus orca Linnaeus, 1758 Orca range (in blue) The Orca or Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) is the largest species of the oceanic dolphin family (Delphinidae). ... Binomial name Eschrichtius robustus Lilljeborg, 1861 Gray Whale range The Gray Whale or Grey Whale (Eschrichtius robustus), more recently called the Eastern Pacific Gray Whale, is a whale that travels between feeding and breeding grounds yearly. ... Binomial name Phocoena phocoena Linnaeus, 1758 Harbour Porpoise range The Harbour Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) is one of six species of porpoise, and so one of about eighty cetacean species. ... Binomial name (True, 1885) Dalls Porpoise range Dalls Porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli) is a species of porpoise that came to worldwide attention in the 1970s. ... Binomial name Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Gill, 1865) Pacific White-sided Dolphin range The Pacific White-sided Dolphin (Lagenorynchus obliquidens) is a very active dolphin found in the cool to temperate waters of the North Pacific Ocean. ... Binomial name Lacepede, 1804 Balaenoptera bonaerensis Burmeister, 1867 Minke Whale range Antarctic Minke Whale range Dwarf Minke Whale range The Minke Whale or Lesser Rorqual is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. ...

Endangered species

Some endangered species in British Columbia are: Vancouver Island Marmot, spotted owl, white pelican, and badgers. Binomial name Marmota vancouverensis (Swarth, 1911) The Vancouver Island Marmot (Marmota vancouverensis) is found only in the high mountainous regions of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Owl (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pelican (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Badger (disambiguation). ...

Type of organism Red-listed species in BC Total number of species in BC
Freshwater fish 24 80
Amphibians 5 19
Reptiles 6 16
Birds 34 465
Terrestrial mammals 11 104
Marine mammals 3 29
Plants 257 2333
Butterflies 12 187
Dragonflies 9 87

As of 2001 (Source: BC Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, Conservation Data Centre)

Introduced species

British Columbian introduced species include: common dandelion, ring-necked pheasant, Pacific oyster, brown trout, black slug, European starling, cowbird, knapweed, bullfrog, purple loosestrife, Scotch broom, European earwig, tent caterpillar, sowbug, gray squirrel, Asian long-horn beetle, English ivy, fallow deer, thistle, gorse, Norway rat, crested mynah, and Asian or European gypsy moth. The Mountain Pine Beetle has recently wreaked havoc in the forests of the northern areas of the province. The Spruce Bug is also an ongoing concern in these same areas. For other uses, see Dandelion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus, 1758 The Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Binomial name Crassostrea gigas Thunberg, 1793 The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas ) is the native oyster of the Pacific coast of Korea, Japan and China. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the sea trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species. ... This article is about land slugs. ... This article is about the bird family. ... Species Molothrus rufoaxillaris Molothrus oryzivorus Molothrus aeneus Molothrus bonariensis Molothrus ater Cowbirds are birds belonging to the genus Molothrus in the family Icteridae. ... Categories: Plant stubs | Asteraceae ... For other uses, see Bullfrog (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Lythrum salicaria L. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is a semi-aquatic herbaceous plant belonging to the loosestrife family, Lythraceae, native to the wetlands of Eurasia. ... Binomial name Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Common Broom (Cytisus scoparius or Sarothamnus scoparius), also known as European Broom, Scots Broom, Irish Broom or English Broom is a perennial, leguminous shrub native to northwestern Europe, where it is found in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils. ... Families Suborder Archidermaptera extinct Suborder Forficulina Pygidicranidae Diplatyidae Anisolabididae Labiduridae Apachyidae Spongiphoridae Chelisochidae Forficulidae Suborder Hemimerina Hemimeridae Suborder Arixenina Arixeniidae This article is about the insect Earwig. ... Species Malacosoma americanum grecia Malacosoma disstria Malacosoma neustria . ... Infraorders and Families Infraorder Tylomorpha Tylidae Infraorder Ligiamorpha Ligiidae Mesoniscidae Superfamily Trichoniscoidea Buddelundiellidae Trichoniscidae Superfamily Styloniscoidea Schoebliidae Styloniscidae Titaniidae Tunanoniscidae Superfamily Oniscoidea Bathytropidae Berytoniscidae Detonidae Halophilosciidae Olibrinidae Oniscidae Philosciidae Platyarthridae Pudeoniscidae Rhyscotidae Scyphacidae Speleoniscidae Sphaeroniscidae Stenoniscidae Tendosphaeridae Superfamily Armadilloidea Actaeciidae Armadillidae Armadillidiidae Atlantidiidae Balloniscidae Cylisticidae Eubelidae Periscyphicidae Porcellionidae Trachelipodidae incertae... This article is about the animal. ... For other uses, see Beetle (disambiguation). ... Species Hedera algeriensis – Algerian Ivy Hedera azorica – Azores Ivy Hedera canariensis – Canaries Ivy Hedera caucasigena Hedera colchica – Caucasian Ivy Hedera cypria Hedera helix – Common Ivy Hedera hibernica – Irish Ivy Hedera maderensis – Madeiran Ivy Hedera maroccana Hedera nepalensis – Himalayan Ivy Hedera pastuchowii – Pastuchovs Ivy Hedera rhombea – Japanese Ivy Hedera sinensis... Binomial name Dama dama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Milk thistle flowerhead Thistledown a method of seed dispersal by wind. ... Species Ulex argenteus Ulex boivinii Ulex borgiae Ulex cantabricus Ulex densus Ulex europaeus - Common Gorse Ulex gallii - Dwarf Furze or Furse Ulex genistoides Ulex micranthus Ulex minor - Dwarf Gorse Ulex parviflorus Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... This article is about rats. ... † See also Starling, Oxpecker The mynas are part of the family Sturndidae, along with the starlings and oxpeckers. ... Binomial name Lymantria dispar Linnaeus, 1758 The gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, is a moth in the family Lymantriidae of Eurasian origin. ... Binomial name Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, 1905 The mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae, is a species of bark beetle native to the forests of western North America from Mexico to central British Columbia. ...

See also

References

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article British Columbia.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  1. ^ Statistics Canada. Canada's population estimates 2008-03-27. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  2. ^ Statistics Canada Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory
  3. ^ Vanderhoof. Tourism BC. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  4. ^ Statistics Canada (2002). StatsCan Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  5. ^ a b c d Hans J. Michelmann, David E. Smith, Cristine De Clercy Continuity And Change in Canadian Politics: Essays in Honour of David E. Smith, University of Toronto Press (2006), page 184
  6. ^ Elections BC (1998). Electoral History of British Columbia 1871-1986. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  7. ^ Palmer, Bryan (1987). Solidarity: The Rise and Fall of an Opposition in British Columbia. Vancouver: New Star Books. ISBN. 
  8. ^ BC Statistics (1998). BC Labour Market in 1998. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  9. ^ Government of British Columbia. Positive Economic Indicators. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  10. ^ Statistics Canada - Population
  11. ^ Canada's population. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  12. ^ Statistics Canada.
  13. ^ Statistics Canada.
  14. ^ 2001 Canadian Census
  15. ^ Statistics Canada. "British Columbia ethno-cultural profile"
  16. ^ (2007). "Detailed Mother Tongue (148), Single and Multiple Language Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data".
  17. ^ Executive Power in the Provinces under the Constitutional Act, 1867.
  18. ^ Ministry of Labour. BC Statistics. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  19. ^ Vancouver Economic Development. Film and Development Film and TV. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  20. ^ Cannabis News. B.C. -- a Pot-Friendly, Pot-Profitable Province. Retrieved on 2007-12-10.
  21. ^ University of British Columbia (September 2006). Hard on Health of Mining Communities. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  22. ^ WWOOF - Willing Workers on Organic Farms, Canada
  23. ^ Cannabis Use Highest in BC
  24. ^ Quebec gone to pot
  25. ^ Canada leads 'rich' world in using marijuana: UN

External links


Coordinates: 54°54′N 124°30′W / 54.9, -124.5 (British Columbia) Columbia District was a regional department of the Hudsons Bay Company, and included all of the Columbia River basin, extending as far north as the Thompson River. ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... The Oregon Country/Columbia District Disputed Area is the main area of dispute, although the whole region was disputed The Oregon boundary dispute (often called the Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Oregon Country, a region of northwestern North America known also... Map of the lands in dispute The Oregon Treaty, officially known as the Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and also known as the Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United... The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony of British North America from 1858 until 1871. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Colony of British Columbia. ... See main article Vancouver Island Colonial flag of Vancouver Island, consisting of the British Blue Ensign and the great seal of the colony. ... Stikine Territory Stikine Territory (usually spelt Stickeen in the 19th Century) was a territory that existed in British North America from July 19, 1862 until July of the next year. ... This is a list of British Columbia-related topics. ... This is a list of notable people born, raised, or long-time resident to British Columbia. ... This is a list of the premiers of British Columbia, Canada, since it joined Confederation in 1871. ... The following is a list of Lieutenant-Governors for the province of British Columbia and the various colonies that formed the province. ... This is a complete list of airports, water aerodromes and heliports in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... This is a list of communities in British Columbia, a province in Canada. ... The Canadian Province of British Columbia is divided into Regional Districts, analogous to counties in other jurisdictions. ... This article lists all existing numbered highways in British Columbia, Canada. ... The province of British Columbia, Canada is home to the following public universities: Royal Roads University (Victoria) Simon Fraser University (Burnaby) University of British Columbia (Vancouver) University of Northern British Columbia (Prince George) University of Victoria (Victoria) Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC Kwantlen University College, Richmond, BC University College of... This is a list of ghost towns in the Canadian province of British Columbia, including those still partly-inhabited as well as those completely abandoned or derelict. ... This is a listing of Royal Navy ships that are part of the history of the Pacific Northwest. ... Flag of B.C. Same-sex marriage in British Columbia: In May 2003, the British Columbia Court of Appeals ruled that denial of marriage licences to same-sex couples was a violation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Blue is the border as was claimed by the United States, red is the border as was claimed by Canada and the United Kingdom. ... Agricultural Land Reserve BC Ferries BC Hydro BC Rail British Columbia Utilities Commission Insurance Corporation of British Columbia Medical Services Plan ... The Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR) is a collection of land in the Canadian province of British Columbia in which agriculture is recognized as the priority use. ... British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... BC Rail (AAR reporting marks BCOL and BCIT), known as the British Columbia Railway between 1972 and 1984 and as the Pacific Great Eastern Railway (PGE; AAR reporting marks PGE and PGER) before 1972, was a railway that operated in the Canadian province of British Columbia between 1912 and 2004. ... Regulator of public utilities in British Columbia, Canada, such as Terasen Gas and BC Hydro. ... The Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) is a provincial crown corporation in British Columbia created in 1973 by the NDP government of British Columbia. ... The Medical Services Plan of British Columbia (MSP) is the government-administered single-payer health insurance scheme in the Canadian province of British Columbia, operating under the auspices of the countrys national Medicare program. ... Fraser Health is the publicly-funded health care provider in an area of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Interior Health is the publicly-funded healthcare provider in an area of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA) is a publicly-funded health service provider in the province of British Columbia. ... Northern Health is the governing body for healthcare regulation in an area of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Vancouver Coastal Health (VCH) is the publicly-funded healthcare provider in southwestern British Columbia. ... Vancouver Island Health Authority is the publicly-funded health care provider in an area in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Visible minorities of British Columbia in 2001. ... British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, bordered by the Pacific Ocean. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... The British Columbia Coast is one of Canadas two continental coastlines; the other being the coastline from the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean via the Northwest Passage and Hudson Bay to the Ungava Peninsula and Labrador and the Gulf of St. ... The British Columbia Interior or BC Interior or Interior of British Columbia, usually referred to only as The Interior, is one of the three main regions of the Canadian province of British Columbia, the other two being the Lower Mainland, which comprises the overlapping areas of Greater Vancouver and the... The Lower Mainland is the name that residents of British Columbia apply to the region surrounding the City of Vancouver. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Cariboo is a region of British Columbia along a plateau stretching from the Fraser Canyon to the Cariboo Mountains. ... The Chilcotin District, usually known simply as the Chilcotin is a plateau and mountain region on the inland lea of the Coast Ranges on the west side of the Fraser River, and also is the name of the river draining that region. ... View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser... Fraser Valley is the section of the Fraser River basin in southwestern British Columbia downstream of the Fraser Canyon. ... The Interior Plateau comprises a large region of central British Columbia, and lies between the Cariboo and Monashee Mountains on the east, and the Hazelton Mountains, Coast Mountains and Cascade Range on the west. ... The Kootenay Region (in common parlance The Kootenays) comprises the southeastern portion of British Columbia. ... A view overlooking Skaha Lake in the Okanagan Valley The regional districts that comprise the Okanagan are shown in red. ... For other uses, see Peace River. ... Leaving Skidegate Inlet aboard BC Ferries M/V Queen of Prince Rupert The Queen Charlotte Islands or Haida Gwaii (Land of the Haida) are an archipelago off the northwest coast of British Columbia, Canada, consisting of two main islands, Graham Island in the North, and Moresby Island in the south... For other uses, see Sunshine Coast. ... Mount Robson in British Columbia, the most topographically prominent peak of the Rocky Mountains of North America. ... Scouting in British Columbia has a long history, from the 1900s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_British_Columbia. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This is a list of regional district electoral areas in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... List of school districts in British Columbia // Many school districts were in existence prior to British Columbia joining Canada in 1871. ... // Canadian provinces and territories are normally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east): Northern Canada (The North) Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut Western Canada British Columbia Prairies Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Eastern Canada Central Canada Ontario Quebec Atlantic Canada Maritimes New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia Newfoundland and... This is a list of communities in British Columbia, a province in Canada. ... Municipalities in British Columbia consist of a group of privately-owned properties that have incorporated and formed a local government. ... This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... First Nations in British Columbia constitute a large number of peoples. ... This is a list of ghost towns in the Canadian province of British Columbia, including those still partly-inhabited as well as those completely abandoned or derelict. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Location of Kelowna within the Central Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Central Okanagan Settled 1879 Incorporated 1905 Government  - Mayor Sharon Shepherd  - Governing body Kelowna City Council  - MP Ron Cannan  - MLAs Al Horning Sindi Hawkins Area  - City 283 km²  (109. ... For other cities with this name, see Abbotsford. ... “Kamloops” redirects here. ... There are several federal and provincial electoral districts with the name Nanaimo. ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
HOME PAGE - BC ARCHIVES (748 words)
The BC Archives is the archives of the government of British Columbia, and provides research access to records of enduring value to the province for both the provincial government and public clientele.
On 1 April 2003, the Royal BC Museum Corporation was established, merging the Royal BC Museum, the BC Archives, Helmcken House, and the Netherlands Carillon, into a new "cultural precinct".
In honour of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden Jubilee as Queen of Canada and her visit to British Columbia in October of 2002, the BC Archives presents on-line exhibit on previous royal visits to the province titled: Welcoming the Royals: The Archival Legacy.
British Columbia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4564 words)
British Columbia, often also referred to as B.C. or BC (French: Colombie-Britannique, C.-B.), is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is famed for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu ("Splendour without diminishment").
Population in British Columbia continued to expand as the province's mining, forestry, agriculture, and fishing sectors were developed.
British Columbia's roads systems were notoriously poorly maintained and dangerous until a concentrated programme of improvement was initiated in the 1950s and 60s.
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