FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > British Antarctic Territory
British Antarctic Territory
Flag of BAT Coat of Arms of BAT
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Research and Discovery
Anthem: God Save the Queen
Location of BAT
Status British overseas territory
Official language(s) -
Commissioner Tony Crombie
Administrator Michael Richardson
Area 1,395,000 km²
Population c. 200
Currency Pound Sterling

The British Antarctic Territory is a sector of Antarctica claimed by the United Kingdom and is a British overseas territory. It is situated in Antarctica from the South Pole to 60° S latitude between longitudes 20° W and 80° W. The Territory was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK first claimed this portion of the Antarctic in 1908. Before 1962, the area now covered by the Territory comprised three separate dependencies of the Falkland Islands; Graham Land, the South Orkney Islands, and the South Shetland Islands. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Flag of the British Antarctic Territory Flag of the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory The Flag of the British Antarctic Territory was granted in 1963, when the British Antarctic Territory was created. ... Coat of Arms of the British Antarctic Territory The Coat of Arms of the British Antarctic Territory were first granted in 1952, when the territory was still a dependancy of the Falkland Islands (along with South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). ... Image:Antigua and barbuda coa. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Publication of an early version in The Gentlemans Magazine, 15 October 1745. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The flag of the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory M. Baker Bates (1990-1992) P. Newton (1992-1995) Anthony Longrigg (1995-1997) John White (1997-2001) Alan Huckle (2001-2004) Tony Crombie (2004-present) This list continues at: List of High Commissioners of the British Antarctic Territory and List... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Antarctica Graham Land is that portion of the Antarctic Peninsula which lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. ... The South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas) are a group of sub-antarctic islands situated at latitudes 60°50 to 60°83 S, and longitudes 44°25 to 46°25 W in the Southern Ocean. ... The South Shetland Islands or Iles Shetland du Sud or Islas Shetland del Sur or New South Britain or New South Shetland or Shetland Islands or South Shetlands or Sydshetland or Süd-Shetland Inseln are a chain of islands in the Southern Ocean lying about 120 kilometres northward of...


The Territory overlaps other claims on Antarctica by Argentina (Argentine Antarctica) and Chile (Antártica Chilena Province). Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West Argentine Antarctica (in Spanish, Antártida Argentina) is a sector of Antarctica which Argentina considers part of its National Territory. ... Flag of the Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region showing the southern cross. ...


The Territory is inhabited largely by the staff of research and support stations operated and maintained by the British Antarctic Survey and other organisations. BAS headquarters The British Antarctic Survey (BAS), formerly the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS), is an institute of the Natural Environment Research Council, and has, for the last fifty years, undertaken the majority of Britains scientific research on and around the Antarctic continent. ...

Contents

History

The United Kingdom has had a continuous presence in the South Atlantic since 1833 when it occupied the Falkland Islands. In 1908 the UK extended its territory by declaring sovereignty over the territory that is British Antarctic Territory today, as well as South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The territory was governed as three separate dependencies; Graham Land, the South Orkneys, and the South Shetlands, administered from Stanley by the Governor of the Falkland Islands. For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3,903 km²  1... Map of the Falkland Islands showing position of Stanley. ... Nowadays, the Governor of the Falkland Islands is the local representative of the British Crown in the Falkland Islands. ...


In 1943, at the height of World War II, the UK undertook a military operation known as Operation Tabarin, to provide reconnaissance and meteorological information in the South Atlantic Ocean. This "secret" wartime project became the civilian Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey and later the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). BAS is responsible for most of the United Kingdom's scientific research in Antarctica. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... During World War II, Operation Tabarin was a small British expedition launched from the UK in 1943 to the Antarctic to to establish permanently occupied bases. ... BAS headquarters The British Antarctic Survey (BAS), formerly the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS), is an institute of the Natural Environment Research Council, and has, for the last fifty years, undertaken the majority of Britains scientific research on and around the Antarctic continent. ...


Several other nations began to stake claims to Antarctica, and in the 1950s, a treaty was negotiated to demilitarise the region, and retain Antarctica for peaceful research purposes. The treaty was passed in 1961. In response the UK hived off all its territory below the 60° S latitude into the British Antarctic Territory, established by Order-in-Council. An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ...


Only France, Norway, New Zealand and Australia, who themselves have territorial claims on the continent, recognise British Antarctic Territory.[citation needed]


Geography

In addition to continental Antarctica, within which the BAT claim includes the Palmer Land peninsula, and the Ronne Ice Shelf, Weddell Sea, the territory also includes the South Shetland Islands and South Orkney Islands. Map of Antarctica Palmer Land () is that portion of the Antarctic Peninsula which lies south of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three or more sides by water. ... The calving of A-38 off Ronne ice shelf The Filchner-Ronne ice shelf is in Antarctica bordering the Weddell Sea. ... The Weddell Sea is part of the Southern Ocean. ... The South Shetland Islands or Iles Shetland du Sud or Islas Shetland del Sur or New South Britain or New South Shetland or Shetland Islands or South Shetlands or Sydshetland or Süd-Shetland Inseln are a chain of islands in the Southern Ocean lying about 120 kilometres northward of... The South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas) are a group of sub-antarctic islands situated at latitudes 60°50 to 60°83 S, and longitudes 44°25 to 46°25 W in the Southern Ocean. ...


Administration

It is administered by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO). A Commissioner is appointed and is always the Head of the FCO's Overseas Territories Department. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, seen from St. ... The flag of the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory M. Baker Bates (1990-1992) P. Newton (1992-1995) Anthony Longrigg (1995-1997) John White (1997-2001) Alan Huckle (2001-2004) Tony Crombie (2004-present) This list continues at: List of High Commissioners of the British Antarctic Territory and List...


The Territory has a full suite of laws, and legal and postal administrations. Given the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty System, the Territory does not enforce its laws on foreign nations who maintain scientific bases within the Territory. It is self-financing, with income from the sale of postage stamps and income tax. The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only continent without a native population. ...


Nationality law

The territory is fully a part of the British Overseas Territories for nationality purposes. It is possible to hold British Overseas Territories citizenship (BOTC) by virtue of a connection with the Territory. Additionally, since the relevant provisions of the British Overseas Territories Act 2002 came into force on 21 May 2002, a BOTC connected with the territory would also hold British citizenship. // British Nationality Act 1981 The British Nationality Act 1981 came into force on 1 January 1983, and divided Citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies (CUKCs) into three categories: British citizens CUKCs with the right of abode in the United Kingdom and Islands (i. ... The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 is an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom in 2002, which superseded the British Nationality Act 1981. ...


Although this territory's immigration laws would not allow for naturalisation, a person born in the territory before 1983 would hold BOTC (and British citizenship) on that basis. Emilio Palma is the only person known to fall into this category. British citizenship and BOTC would also extend to the first generation born overseas. Emilio Marcos Palma (born January 7, 1978), argentine citysen, was the first known person to be born on the continent of Antarctica. ...


Changes to British nationality law from 1 January 1983 ensure that no claims to BOTC or British citizenship by virtue of a connection to the territory can be made by those born from that date. British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom concerning British citizenship and other categories of British nationality. ...


Research

The British Antarctic Survey has three permanently staffed research stations in the Territory:

A fourth base, Faraday, was also maintained until 1996, when it was handed to Ukraine. It is now called Akademik Vernadsky Station. Halley 5, Winter 1999 Halley Research Station, located at , on the Brunt Ice Shelf floating on the Weddell Sea in Antarctica is a British research facility dedicated to the study of the Earths atmosphere. ... General view The Base from the Hills above // Rothera research station is a British Antarctic Survey (BAS) base on the Antarctic Peninsula, located at , Rothera Point, Adelaide Island. ... Signy island is in the Latitude 60°43 S, Longitude 45°36 W. Built in 1947, it was the second research base on the South Orkney Islands islands (after the argentinian Base Orcadas in 1903). ...


There are also two summer-only forward operating stations, at Fossil Bluff and Sky Blu. The Hut at Fossil Bluff, Antarctica Fossil Bluff is a British Antarctic Survey forward operating station. ... Sky Blu Melon hut and ancillary facilities. ...


A biological research station on Bird Island, off South Georgia is also permanently staffed. Bird Island off South Georgia Bird Island (54°00′ S 038°03′ W) is 4. ... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. ...


Since 1996 the historic base at Port Lockroy on Goudier Island has been staffed by the UK Antarctic Heritage Trust during the Antarctic summer. Receiving about 10,000 visitors a year, it is one of the most visited sites on the continent. Visitors can tour the museum, buy souvenirs, post mail, and view the large gentoo penguin colony. Port Lockroy has been renovated into a museum. ... The UK Antarctic Heritage Trust is a British charity, registered in 1993. ...


Postage stamps

This half-penny value from the 1963 first issue, depicting MV Kista Dan, was cancelled at the station on Signy Island. ...

External links

  • UK Foreign Office homepage
  • British Antarctic Survey

  Results from FactBites:
 
British Antarctic Territory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (616 words)
British Antarctic Territory is a overseas territory of the United Kingdom, situated in Antarctica from the South Pole to 60° S latitude between longitudes 20° W and 80° W. The Territory was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK first claimed this portion of the Antarctic in 1908.
The Territory is uninhabited by a native population.
The territory was grouped together as the Falkland Islands Dependency, and governed from Port Stanley by the Governor of the Falkland Islands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m