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Encyclopedia > British Antarctic Survey
BAS headquarters
BAS headquarters

The British Antarctic Survey (BAS), formerly the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS), is an institute of the Natural Environment Research Council, and has, for the last fifty years, undertaken the majority of Britain's scientific research on and around the Antarctic continent. It now shares that continent with scientists from around thirty countries. BAS, entrance. ... BAS, entrance. ... The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) is a British research council. ... Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ...

BAS employs over 400 staff, and supports three stations in the Antarctic, at Rothera, Halley and Signy Island, and two stations on South Georgia, at King Edward Point and Bird Island. The Antarctic operations and science programmes are executed and managed from Cambridge, and rely on a wide-ranging team of professional staff. General view Rothera research station is a British Antarctic Survey base on the Antarctic Peninsula, located at 67°34′ S 68°08′ W, Rothera Point, Adelaide Island. ... Halley Research Station, located on the Brunt Ice Shelf floating on the Weddell Sea in Antarctica is a British research facility dedicated to the study of the earths atmosphere. ... Signy Island is a small antarctic island in the South Orkney Islands group at latitude 60°43 S and longitude 45°36 W. It is about 6. ... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. ... King Edward Point (54º17´S 036º30´W) is a low point projecting from the northern side of King Edward Cove toward the central part of the cove, on the western side of Cumberland East Bay, South Georgia. ... Bird Island off South Georgia Bird Island (54°00′ S 038°03′ W) is 4. ... The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ...

Ice-strengthened ships sustain the Antarctic operations. RRS James Clark Ross has advanced facilities for oceanographic research. RRS Ernest Shackleton is primarily a logistics ship used for the resupply of stations. The Royal Navy's Ice Patrol Vessel HMS Endurance has helicopters and provides valuable logistic support. Four Twin Otter aircraft fitted with wheels and skis are operated from Rothera and Halley, while a wheels-only Dash-7 aircraft provides the inter-continental air-link from Rothera to the Falkland Islands, and flies inland to blue ice runways. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... There have been two Royal Navy ships with the name HMS Endurance. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more large horizontal rotors (propellers). ... The DHC-6 Twin Otter is the most successful aircraft program in Canadas history. ... The de Havilland Canada DHC-7, popularly the Dash 7, is a turboprop powered regional airliner with STOL capabilities. ...

The science budget for 2000-2001 was agreed at £29.8 million. Of this, the core strategic science programme was budgeted at £6.5 million and supporting the science, the infrastructure was budgeted at £21.0 million. The latter figure includes £18.0 million expenditure on ships, aircraft and research stations. The high costs involved highlight the challenges BAS faces in operating within a harsh and remote environment.

BAS, interior courtyard
BAS, interior courtyard

Tragedy struck the survey on 22 July 2003, with the death of Kirsty Margot Brown, a 28 year-old marine biologist, who was attacked without warning by a Leopard Seal while she was snorkelling at her study site in the bay adjacent to Rothera Station. BAS, inner courtyard. ... BAS, inner courtyard. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marine biology is the study of animal and plant life within saltwater ecosystems. ... Binomial name Hydrurga leptonyx (Blainville,, 1820) The Leopard Seal Hydrurga leptonyx is a true seal belonging to the family Phocidae. ... General view Rothera research station is a British Antarctic Survey base on the Antarctic Peninsula, located at 67°34′ S 68°08′ W, Rothera Point, Adelaide Island. ...

The Antarctic explorer Sir Vivian Fuchs was director of BAS from 1958 to 1973. Sir Vivian Ernest Fuchs (February 11, 1908-November 11, 1999) was a British explorer. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ...

See also

During World War II, Operation Tabarin was a small British expedition launched from the UK in 1943 to the Antarctic to to establish permanently occupied bases. ...

External links

  • BAS homepage
  • BAS research station pages
  • Climate Change - BAS article about new Antarctic Research Station



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