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Encyclopedia > British American Tobacco
British American Tobacco
Type Public
Founded 1902
Headquarters London, England, UK
Key people Jan du Plessis, Chairman
Paul Adams, Chief Executive
Industry Tobacco
Products Tobacco
Revenue £25.2 billion (2006)
Operating income £2.6 billion (2006)
Net income £2 billion (2006)
Employees 55,364 (2006)
Slogan N/A
Website www.bat.com

British American Tobacco Plc (LSE: BATS, AMEXBTI, KLSE: BAT) is the second largest listed tobacco company in the world. It is based in London, England and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index with a market capitalisation of over £29 billion as of June 2005. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Jan du Plessis (born 1954[1]) is the non-executive Chairman of British American Tobaccos board of directors,[2] and a non-executive director of the Lloyds TSB Group. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about work. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ... The American Stock Exchange (AMEX) is an American stock exchange situated in New York. ... The Bursa Malaysia, previously known as Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE, Bursa Saham Kuala Lumpur in Malay) dates back to 1930 when the Singapore Stockbrokers Association was set up as a formal organisation dealing in securities in Malaya. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The FTSE 100 Index (or just the FTSE, pronounced footsie) is a share index of the 100 most highly capitalised companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. ... Market capitalization, often abbreviated to market cap, mkt. ...

Contents

History

Established in 1902, when the United Kingdom's Imperial Tobacco Company and the American Tobacco Company of the USA agreed to form a joint venture, the British-American Tobacco Company Ltd. The parent companies agreed not to trade in each other's domestic territory and to assign trademarks, export businesses and overseas subsidiaries to the joint venture. James 'Buck' Duke became its chairman. The British American Tobacco business thus began life in countries as diverse as Canada, China, Germany, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia, but not in the United Kingdom or USA. Imperial Tobacco PLC is the largest cigarette manufacturer in the UK (but the second largest UK based tobacco company by global sales after British American Tobacco), second largest in Germany and fourth worldwide, following its purchase of Reemtsma Zigarettenfabriken, adding brands such as Davidoff, Peter Stuyvesant and West to its... The American Tobacco Company was founded in 1890 by J. B. Duke as a merger between a number of tobacco manufacturers including Allen and Ginter. ... James B. Duke James Buchanan Duke (December 23, 1856 – October 10, 1925) was a U.S. tobacco and electric power industrialist. ...


In 1911 the American Tobacco Company sold its share of the company. Imperial Tobacco gradually reduced its shareholding, but it was not until 1980 that it divested its remaining interests in the company. Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1976 the group companies were reorgansied under a new holding company, B.A.T Industries. In 1994 BAT acquired its former parent, American Tobacco Company (though reorganised after anti-trust proceedings). This brought the Lucky Strike and Pall Mall brands into BAT's portfolio. Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Tobacco Company was founded in 1890 by J. B. Duke as a merger between a number of tobacco manufacturers including Allen and Ginter. ... For the CSI episode of the same name, see Lucky Strike (CSI episode). ... Pall Mall cigarettes are a brand of cigarettes produced by R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and internationally by British American Tobacco at multiple sites. ...


In 1999 it acquired Rothmans International, which included a share in a factory in Burma. This made it the target of criticism from human rights groups. It sold its share of the factory on November 6, 2003 after an "exceptional request" from the British government. This article is about the year. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2003, BAT acquired Ente Tabacchi Italiani (ETI) S.p.A, Italy's state tobacco company. The important acquisition would elevate BAT to the number two position in Italy, the second largest tobacco market in the European Union. The scale of the enlarged operations would bring significant opportunities to compete and grow ETI's local brands and BAT's international brands. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ...


In January 2007, BAT closed its remaining UK production plant in Southampton with the loss of over 600 jobs. However, the global Research and Development operation and some financial functions will continue on the site. Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ...


Other operations

BAT has diversified into various fields at different times in its history. Its U.S. retail division, BATUS Retail Group, acquired Gimbel's, Kohl's, and Saks Fifth Avenue in the 1970s and Marshall Field's and its divisions in 1982. The United Kingdom retail chain Argos was purchased in 1979. Kohl's grocery stores were sold to A&P in 1983. In 1986, BATUS sold the Kohl's department stores and two Marshall Field's divisions, The Crescent and Frederick & Nelson; BATUS closed Gimbel's the same year, with many locations being absorbed by sister division Marshall Field's. In 1990 Marshall Field's was sold to Dayton Hudson Corporation (now Target Corporation), Ivey's (another Marshall Field's division) was sold to Dillard's, Saks Fifth Avenue was sold to Investcorp S.A., and Argos was demerged (Argos was acquired by previous parent company GUS plc in 1998). BATUS Inc. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Kohls Corporation (NYSE: KSS) is an American department store chain headquartered in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, a suburb of Milwaukee. ... Saks Fifth Avenue is a chain of upscale American department stores that is owned and operated by Saks Fifth Avenue Enterprises (SFAE), a subsidiary of Saks Incorporated. ... For other uses, see Marshall Fields (disambiguation). ... Argos store. ... For the short story by John Updike, see A&P (story). ... For the English indie band, see The Crescent (English band) The Crescent was a historic Spokane, Washington, department store. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... Iveys, a former department store chain, was acquired by Dillards, inc. ... This article is about a department store chain. ... Investcorp is a leading provider and manager of alternative investment products, serving high-net-worth private and institutional clients. ... GUS plc is a FTSE 100 retailing group based in the United Kingdom. ...


The group was a major financial services company with the acquisitions of Eagle Star (1984), Allied Dunbar (1985) and the Farmers Group, Inc. (1988). Around 1996 British American Tobacco merged their financial operations into a single operating unit, British American Financial Services (BAFS). This division was sold and merged with Zurich Insurance Company in 1998 to form the Zurich Financial Services Group. Allied Dunbar is a trading name of the Zurich Financial Services Group and its subsidiary companies Allied Dunbar Assurance plc and Dunbar Bank plc. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Zurich Financial Services Group is a major financial services group based in Zurich, Switzerland. ...


The success of Formula One motor racing has largely been built on tobacco sponsorship, including that of BAT. In 1997 BAT brought its participation in the sport to new levels with the purchase of the Tyrrell team for approximately £30 million. The team raced as Tyrrell for the 1998 season before being renamed as British American Racing (BAR). BAT used the team to advertise major brands, particularly Lucky Strike and 555. With increasing restrictions being placed upon tobacco companies' opportunities to advertise in Formula One, in 2004 BAR announced that technology partner Honda had purchased a 45% stake, followed by the remaining 55% in October 2005. The team will race as Honda Racing F1 Team from 2006, last year of the Lucky Strike sponsorship before leaving the sport. “F1” redirects here. ... Tyrrell was an auto racing team and Formula One constructor founded by Ken Tyrrell. ... British American Racing is a Formula One constructor that competed in the sport from 1999 to 2005. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ...


Brands

International Brands include Dunhill, Kent, Lucky Strike, Pall Mall, Vogue, Rothmans, Peter Stuyvesant, Benson & Hedges, Winfield, John Player, State Express 555, KOOL, and Viceroy. However, British American Tobacco does not necessarily own the rights to all of these brands in every nation they are marketed. For other uses, see Brand (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... KENT outdoor advertising Kent is a brand of cigarettes, first to introduce smoke filters in 1952. ... For the CSI episode of the same name, see Lucky Strike (CSI episode). ... Pall Mall cigarettes are a brand of cigarettes produced by R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and internationally by British American Tobacco at multiple sites. ... Rothmans International plc. ... Pieter Stuyvesant is also the name of a Dutch cigarette brand from Imperial Tobacco. ... Benson & Hedges is a British brand of cigarettes owned by Gallaher Group. ... Winfield is a brand of cigarette that is popular in Australia and New Zealand. ... John Player founded his tobacco company in the mid-19th century in Nottingham, England. ... 555 Classics pack State Express 555 is a cigarette brand manufactured by British American Tobacco. ... A pack of KOOL Milds and a cigarette. ... Viceroy cigarettes are made by Brown & Williamson, which was owned by British American Tobacco, and, since 2004, by Reynolds American Inc. ...


Local brands owned by British American Tobacco include, Belmont (Chile), Jockey Club (Argentina), Stradbroke (Australia), du Maurier (Canada), North State (Finland), HB (Germany), Sopianae (Hungary), Wills (India), Ardath (Indonesia), Carrolls (Ireland), Boots (Mexico), Gold Leaf (Pakistan), Jan III Sobieski (Poland), Yava Gold (Russia), Courtleigh (South Africa), Parisienne (Switzerland), and Xon (Uzbekistan), Craven 'A' (Vietnam)as well as BAT snus. Belmont is a name given to several places: // In Australia Belmont, New South Wales Belmont, Queensland Belmont, Victoria Belmont, Western Australia In England Belmont, County Durham Belmont, Exeter, Devon Belmont, Lancashire Belmont, Harrow, London Belmont, Sutton, London Belmont, Oxfordshire Belmont, Sussex Communes of France Belmont, in the Doubs département... du Maurier is the most popular brand of cigarette that is available in Canada. ... 46° 4′ 60″ N 18° 13′ 60″ E Pécs (approximate pronunciation: paych; Croatian Pečuh, German Fünfkirchen, Slovak Päťkostolie, Turkish Peçuy) is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located in the south-west of the country. ... W. D. & H. O. Wills was a British Tobacco importer and cigarette manufacturer formed in Bristol, England. ... Boots is the name of at least five different albums and singles: Boots by Nancy Sinatra (1966) Boots by Mighty Gabby (1984) Boots by Condemned Eighty Four (2001) Boots by KMFDM (2002) Boots by Noe Venable (2003) It is also the name of a large chain of chemists in the... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Metal leaf. ... Jan III Sobieski (1629-1696) (also known in English literature as John Sobieski) was one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... XON/XOFF is communications protocol for controlling the flow of data between computers and other devices. ... Portioned snus of the Granit label. ...


On June 11, 2006, R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company announced that it would be manufacturing Camel brand snus in Sweden in partnership with British American Tobacco; the product would be test-marketed in Portland, Oregon and Austin, Texas by the end of the month. [1] is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into R.J._Reynolds_Tobacco_Company. ... Portioned snus of the Granit label. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas, the seat of Travis County. ...


Advertising and promotion

British American Tobacco (BAT) has been a stout defender of the principle that if a product is legally on sale in a market then it should also be legal to advertise that product's brands. Increasing restrictions on tobacco advertising around the world have limited the company's ability to promote their brands in recent times, especially in their traditional developed world markets. Tobacco advertising is the promotion of tobacco use (typically cigarette smoking) by the tobacco industry through a variety of media. ...


BAT has found many imaginative ways over the years to keep its brands in the public eye. As recently as 1996 they secured an arrangement to sponsor the Cricket World Cup which was branded the "Wills World Cup" and thereby achieved a high level of brand recognition for the Wills cigarette brand in India where young cricket fans were a key target market. The Cricket World Cup is the premier international championship of mens One-Day International (ODI) cricket. ...


BAT also sponsor the London Symphony Orchestra. [2]


BAT has also used the glamour of motor sport to promote its brands, most notably in its setting up of British American Racing. Although Formula One is an exceptionally expensive sport, for BAT the high cost of running an F1 team is justified as a promotional expense because other brand promotion (for Lucky Strike) options are not available in many markets. However in 2005 a European Union (EU) directive was brought into force which required national governments to legislate to prevent tobacco sponsorship. The livery of cars competing at circuits outside of EU jurisdiction can continue (in some cases) to promote tobacco brands but these opportunities are declining as anti-tobacco legislation begins to bite. BAT announced in September 2005 that it would sell its 55% shareholding in BAR to Honda, the team's engine supplier. For the 2006 season, the team was renamed as Honda F1 Racing Team, with BAT only advertised at a couple of races. All links between the two companies were severed for 2007. British American Racing is a Formula One constructor that competed in the sport from 1999 to 2005. ... “F1” redirects here. ... “F1” redirects here. ... For the CSI episode of the same name, see Lucky Strike (CSI episode). ... This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ... 2006 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Honda Racing F1 Team is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Honda. ... 2007 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
British American Tobacco - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1001 words)
Established in 1902, when the United Kingdom's Imperial Tobacco Company and the American Tobacco Company of the USA agreed to form a joint venture, the British-American Tobacco Company Ltd. The parent companies agreed not to trade in each other's domestic territory and to assign trademarks, export businesses and overseas subsidiaries to the joint venture.
Imperial Tobacco gradually reduced its shareholding, but it was not until 1980 that it divested its remaining interests in the company.
BAT has also used the glamour of motor sport to promote its brands, most notably in its setting up of British American Racing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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