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Encyclopedia > British 78th Infantry Division

The British 78th Infantry Division also known as the Battleaxe Division fought in the Second World War in North Africa and Italy. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ...


The 78th was formed specifically for Operation Torch, landing at Algiers in 1942. Thereafter it continued in Tunisia then Italy via Sicily. It fought at the battle of Monte Cassino and the Gustav Line Combatants United States United Kingdom Free French Germany Vichy France Commanders Dwight Eisenhower François Darlan Strength 73,500 ? Casualties 479+ dead 720 wounded 1346+ dead 1997 wounded Operation Torch was the Anglo-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign, started November... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq. ... Combatants Allies (Free French, Italy, India, New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, USA, UK, Canada) Nazi Germany Commanders Harold Alexander Albert Kesselring Frido von Senger Richard Heidrich Strength ? ? Casualties 54,000 20,000 The strategic position of Monte Cassino has made it the repeated scene of battles and sieges from antiquity. ... The Winter Line was a series of German military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt. ...


Composition

Order of battle as of April 1945 as part of the British 8th Army The Eighth Army was one of the best-known formations in World War II, fighting in the campaigns in North Africa and Italy. ...

  • 2nd Armoured Brigade
Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards)
9th Lancers
10th Hussars
  • 11th Infantry Brigade
2nd Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers
1st Battalion, The East Surrey Regiment
5th Battalion, The North Hamptonshire Regiment
  • 36th Infantry Brigade
5th Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
6th Battalion, The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
8th Battalion, The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)
  • 38th Infantry Brigade
2nd Battalion, The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
1st Battalion, The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's)
2nd Battalion, The London Irish Rifles (Territorial Army)
1st Battalion, The Kensington Regiment (Territorial Army)
  • 56th Reconnaissance Regiment
17th Field Regiment [-1bty]
132nd Field Regiment
138th Field Regiment
64th Anti-Tank Regiment
11th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (Self-Propelled)
214th Field Company
237th Field Company
256th Field Company
281st Field Park Company

  Results from FactBites:
 
US 78th Infantry Division (450 words)
The 78th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II.
The Division attacked, 30 January 1945, and took Kesternich, 2 February, the town of Schmidt on the 8th, and captured intact the vital Schwammanauel Dam the next day.
From 2 April to 8 May, the Division was active in the reduction of the Ruhr Pocket and at VE-day was stationed near Marburg.
78th Infantry Division Unit History (LoneSentry.com) (464 words)
The 311th Infantry Regiment was attached to the 8th Division in the Hurtgen Forest, 10 December.
The 309th and 310th Infantry Regiments relieved elements of the 1st Division in the line in the vicinity of Entenpfuhl, 1-12 December.
The 78th held the area it had taken from the Siegfried Line against the violent German attacks throughout the winter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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