The 13th Division had landed at Anzac on the Gallipoli peninsula in July 1915 in preparation for the August Offensive that was launched on August 6. Initially in reserve to the main breakout from Anzac by units of the New Zealand Infantry Brigade when it made the decisive assault on Chunuk Bair on the morning of August 8.
Battalions of the division formed the core of the force (known as "Baldwin's Brigade" after the commander, Brigadier General Anthony Baldwin) to capture Hill Q on August 9 but were not in position in time and so spent the day encamped on a small plateau beneath Chunuk Bair known as "The Farm". When the Turks counter-attacked on the morning of August 10 the division's troops on Chunuk Bair and at The Farm, about 3000 men, were wiped out.
Division moved to Helles? Withdrawn from Gallipoli in January 1916. Sent to Mesopotamia in February 1916.
The division was comprised of the following brigades:
6th Battalion, the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)
Along with the British and Australian forces that formed the bulk of the rest of the British Empire forces in the country, it was unceremoniously bundled out of the mainland by the Germans.
Following the disasters in Europe, the division was then integrated into the regular order of battle of the Eighth Army The Eighth Army was one of the best-known formations in World War II, fighting in the campaigns in North Africa and Italy.
The division's return to Europe was made during the campaign in Italy The Italian Republic or Italy (Italian: Repubblica italiana or Italia) is a country in Southern Europe.
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