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Encyclopedia > British 13th (Western) Division

13th (Western) Division
Army New Army
Formed 21 August 1914
Demobilised March, 1919
British First World War divisions
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12th (Eastern) 14th (Light)

The 13th (Western) Division was one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener. It fought at Gallipoli and in Mesopotamia (including the capture of Baghdad) and Persia during the First World War.


Unit History

The 13th Division had landed at Anzac on the Gallipoli peninsula in July 1915 in preparation for the August Offensive that was launched on August 6. Initially in reserve to the main breakout from Anzac by units of the New Zealand Infantry Brigade when it made the decisive assault on Chunuk Bair on the morning of August 8.

Battalions of the division formed the core of the force (known as "Baldwin's Brigade" after the commander, Brigadier General Anthony Baldwin) to capture Hill Q on August 9 but were not in position in time and so spent the day encamped on a small plateau beneath Chunuk Bair known as "The Farm". When the Turks counter-attacked on the morning of August 10 the division's troops on Chunuk Bair and at The Farm, about 3000 men, were wiped out.

Division moved to Helles? Withdrawn from Gallipoli in January 1916. Sent to Mesopotamia in February 1916.


The division was comprised of the following brigades:

38th Brigade 
39th Brigade 
  • 9th Battalion, the Royal Warwickshire Regiment
  • 7th Battalion, the Gloucestershire Regiment
  • 9th Battalion, the Worcestershire Regiment
  • 7th Battalion, the Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment)
40th Brigade 


External links

The British Army in the Great War: The 13th (Western) Division (http://www.1914-1918.net/13div.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
New Zealand 2nd Division - encyclopedia article about New Zealand 2nd Division. (1026 words)
Along with the British and Australian forces that formed the bulk of the rest of the British Empire forces in the country, it was unceremoniously bundled out of the mainland by the Germans.
Following the disasters in Europe, the division was then integrated into the regular order of battle of the Eighth Army The Eighth Army was one of the best-known formations in World War II, fighting in the campaigns in North Africa and Italy.
The division's return to Europe was made during the campaign in Italy The Italian Republic or Italy (Italian: Repubblica italiana or Italia) is a country in Southern Europe.
  More results at FactBites »



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