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Encyclopedia > Britches (monkey)
Britches after being removed from the laboratory by the Animal Liberation Front
Britches after being removed from the laboratory by the Animal Liberation Front

Britches was the name given by researchers to a stumptail macaque monkey who was born into a breeding colony at the University of California, Riverside in March 1985. He was removed from his mother at birth as part of a psychology experiment into maternal deprivation, and had his eyelids sewn shut as part of a three-year sight-deprivation study involving 24 infant monkeys (Newkirk 2000). Image File history File links Britches. ... Beagles removed by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... Type species Simia inuus Linnaeus, 1758 = Simia sylvanus Linnaeus, 1758 Species see text Mother and child in the Ubud Monkey Forest Sanctuary (Bali, Indonesia) The macaques (genus Macaca) are Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae. ... University of California, Riverside The University of California, Riverside is a public, coeducational university situated in Riverside, California beside Box Springs Mountain. ...


Britches was stolen from the laboratory, along with 700 other animals, when he was five weeks old during a raid on April 20, 1985 by the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). The ALF made a videotape [1] of their raid and of Britches' condition when they found him. As a result of the publicity when the video was released by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, and after condemnation of the experiments by scientists and the American Council of the Blind, eight of the 17 studies interrupted by the raid were not restarted, and the university stopped allowing baby monkey's eyes to be sewn shut, according to reports filed by the university with the government (Newkirk 2000:294, and Best and Nocella 2004:22). Dr. Grant Mack, president of the American Council of the Blind, called the experiment "one of the most repugnant and ill-conceived boondoggles that I've heard about for a long time" (Newkirk 2000). April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Beagles removed by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... For the SI prefix, see Peta People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights advocacy organization. ... The American Council of the Blind (ACB) is a nation wide organisation in the United States. ...


Researchers at the university criticized the ALF, claiming activists had applied black mascara or paint to the monkey's eyelids to make the sutures look larger than they were, and that damage reported by an ALF veterinarian to the eyelids had, in fact, been caused by the veterinarian herself. The researchers also said that a box the ALF video showed attached to the monkey's head had been removed and reattached by the ALF. Mascara tube and wand applicator Mascara is a cosmetic used to darken, thicken and define eyelashes. ... An eyelid is a thin fold of skin and muscle that covers and protects an eye. ... Sutures are the stitches doctors, and especially surgeons, use to hold skin, organs, blood vessels and all other tissues of the human body together, after they have been severed in minor or major surgery. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ...

Contents


Veterinarian report

Allegedly as found by the ALF. The apparatus in the background was reported to have been supplied by the lab as a surrogate mother.
Allegedly as found by the ALF. The apparatus in the background was reported to have been supplied by the lab as a surrogate mother.

Activists say they found Britches alone in a cage with bandages around his eyes and a sonar device attached to his head that emitted a high-pitched screech every few minutes. He was clinging to a device, covered in towelling, that had two fake nipples attached, apparently intended to serve as a surrogate mother. Image File history File links Eyesewn. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into surrogacy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into surrogacy. ...


Veterinarian ophthalmologist Dr. Ned Buyukmihci of the University of California, Davis, and founder of Veterinarians for Animal Rights, examined Britches after he was removed from the lab. He stated that the sutures used were too large and that the monkey's eye pads were filthy. He said: "There is no possible justification for this sloppy, painful experiment." [2] An optical refractor in use. ... The University of California, Davis, commonly known as UC Davis, is one of the ten University of California campuses. ...


A veterinarian hired by the ALF also examined Britches and wrote a report on the day of his removal from the lab. According to Ingrid Newkirk, president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, the report read: Ingrid Newkirk founder and president of PETA Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... For the SI prefix, see Peta People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights advocacy organization. ...

On this day, April 20, 1985, I have been called to administer an examination and follow-up care to an infant stumptail macaque, male, my guess approximately five weeks of age. Said infant allegedly liberated by the Animal Liberation Front from the UC-Riverside laboratory.
Attached to infant's head by means of bandage and tape is an apparatus of some sort with what appears to be some sort of electrical cord extending from it. It has been cut. Bilaterally are short lengths of tubing emerging from the bandage. Tape is in direct contact with the face and neck. Bandage lifted rostrally from right eye due to excessive moisture and right eye partially visible.
Beneath the bandages are two cotton pads, one for each eye ... Both pads are filthy and soaked with moisture. Bilaterally upper eyelids are sutured to lower eyelids. The sutures are grossly oversized for the purpose intended. Many of these sutures have torn through lid tissue resulting in multiple lacerations of the lids. There is an open space between upper and lower lids of both eyes of about one quarter inch, and sutures are contacting corneal tissue resulting in excessive tearing ...
Infant demonstrates photophobia. Penis of infant is edematous and inflamed. There are smegma accumulations. Generalized muscle development poor. Skin dry. Body odor foul (ibid).

April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber and provides most of an eyes optical power [1]. Together with the lens, the cornea refracts light and consequently helps the eye to focus. ... For the pathologic fear of light see the article on -phobia Photophobia (also light sensitivity) is a symptom of excessive sensitivity to light and the aversion to sunlight or well-lit places. ... The penis (plural penises or penes) or phallus is an external male sexual organ. ... Edema (BE: oedema, formerly known as dropsy) is swelling of any organ or tissue due to accumulation of excess fluid. ... Smegma, a transliteration of the Greek word σμήγμα for soap, is a combination of exfoliated (shed) epithelial cells, transudated skin oils and moisture that can accumulate under the foreskin of males and within the female vulva area, with a characteristic strong odor and taste. ...

After the raid

After having his stitches removed
After having his stitches removed

When he was five months old, Britches was flown to a sanctuary in Mexico and given to an elderly female macaque who had already raised several orphans (ibid). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (821x1165, 480 KB) Britches, a baby monkey removed from the University of California in March 1985 by the Animal Liberation Front, taken from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (821x1165, 480 KB) Britches, a baby monkey removed from the University of California in March 1985 by the Animal Liberation Front, taken from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... An orphan (from the Greek ορφανός) is a person (or animal), one or both of whose parents have died. ...


See also

The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 monkeys kept in small wire cages inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, by Dr. Edward Taub, who was researching regeneration of severed nerves with a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH). ... A marmoset inside Cambridge University, filmed by BUAV The use of primates in experiments at Cambridge University is controversial, first coming to widespread public attention in the UK following undercover investigations lasting ten months in 1998 by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV), the results of which... Unnecessary Fuss is the name of a film produced by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), showing footage shot inside the University of Pennsylvanias Head Injury Clinic in Philadelphia, described by the university as the longest standing and most respected center... The pit of despair, sometimes called the well of despair, is the name of an experiment conducted on rhesus macaque monkeys by American comparative psychologist Harry Harlow at the University of Wisconsin during the 1970s. ...

References

  • Newkirk, Ingrid (2000). Free the Animals, introduction by Chrissie Hynde, Lantern Books. ISBN 1-930051-22-0.
  • Best, Steven & Nocella, Anthony J. Terrorist or Freedom Fighters? Reflections on the Liberation of Animals. Lantern Books, 2004. ISBN 159056-54X
  • "The Story of Britches": Videotape of the Animal Liberation Front raid in which Britches was removed from the University of California, Riverside, People of the Ethical Treatment of Animals, with text by Julie Gellatley, retrieved February 13, 2006

  Results from FactBites:
 
Britches (1252 words)
But when I look at footage of Britches’ abysmal life at the hands of his vivisectors and then a few months after his rescue, my heart goes out to those who were brave enough to risk their own liberty to release him from such a squalid existence.
Britches was the name given by researchers to a stumptail macaque monkey who was born into a breeding colony at the University of California, Riverside in March 1985.
Britches was removed from the laboratory, along with 700 other animals, when he was five weeks old during a raid on April 20, 1985 by the Animal Liberation Front (ALF).
stampkit » cecil and britches (89 words)
I wanted to create a short online holiday film that combined two of my greatest passions: sock monkeys and stop-motion animation.
Over the past year or so, I’ve been tinkering with story lines and character development for two small friends – otherwise known as Cecil and Britches – who get themselves into sticky situations but always manage to muddle through.
I managed to cobble this short film together over the past few weeks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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