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Encyclopedia > Bristol Olympus
Rolls Royce Olympus Engine This work is copyrighted. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles assert that this qualifies as fair use of the material under United States copyright law. File history Legend: (cur) = this is...
Rolls Royce Olympus Engine This work is copyrighted. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles assert that this qualifies as fair use of the material under United States copyright law. File history Legend: (cur) = this is... Enlarge
Rolls-Royce Olympus 593

The This article refers to a mountain in Greece. For other meanings, see Olympus (disambiguation). Mount Olympus (also transliterated as Mount Olýmpos, and on modern maps, Óros Ólimbos) is the highest mountain in Greece, at 2,911 meters high; it is situated at 40°05N 22°21E. The... Olympus is a high-powered axial-flow A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. The mesh cover at the front of the engine (left of photo) prevents debris - or people - from being... turbojet, originally developed at Bristol Aero Engines, later passed to Bristol Siddeley was a UK aero-engine manufacturer formed in 1959 from the merger of Bristol Aero Engines and Armstrong-Siddeley. Its Filton factory in North Bristol produced many high performance military aeroplane engines including the Olympus, from which the engine for Concorde was developed. It merged with Rolls-Royce... Bristol Siddeley, and finally to The Rolls Royce logo Rolls-Royce is a set of several companies, all deriving from the British automobile and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls in 1906. The companies are: Rolls-Royce plc, by far the most significant in economic terms, is a British... Rolls-Royce. The original design was used as the primary powerplant for the The Avro Vulcan was a British built jet engined, delta_winged subsonic bomber, once part of the RAFs V bomber force. Design and prototypes Design work began at A. V. Roe in 1947 under Roy Chadwick, the Ministry of Defence specification required a bomber with a top speed of 500... Avro Vulcan The term V bomber was used for the Royal Air Force aircraft during the 1950s and 1960s that comprised the UKs strategic nuclear strike force. The bombers were the Valiants (first flew 1951), Victors (first flew 1952) and Vulcans (first flew 1952). The V-Bomber force reached its peak... V Bomber. It was later developed for sustained Any speed over the speed of sound, which is approximately 343 m/s or 761 mph or 1,225 km/h at sea level, is said to be supersonic. Many modern fighter aircraft are supersonic. The Concorde was a supersonic passenger aircraft, but, since its final retirement flight on November... supersonic performance as part of the The British Aircraft Corporations TSR-2 was an ill-fated cold war project in the early 1960s to create what would, at that time, have been one of the most advanced aircraft in the world. All modern aircraft have four dimensions: span, length, height and politics. TSR-2 simply... TSR-2 program, and when this was cancelled found itself as the main powerplant for the Concorde may refer to: The supersonic Concorde (aeroplane) Concorde, North Carolina (the place) The Place de la Concorde, a square in Paris, France the Concorde Agreement — a contract which dictates the terms by which the ten Formula One teams compete in Formula One grands prix and take their share... Concorde. The basic mechanicals are still in production for industrial and naval power.

Contents

Bristol Siddeley Olympus (Vulcan)

The Olympus was first run in 1950 reaching 10,000 lbf (44 kN) thrust and was flying in an The English Electric Canberra was a first-generation jet bomber manufactured in large numbers through the 1950s, and remaining in service until the early years of the 21st century. The Canberra had its origins in 1944 as thought turned to developing a replacement for the unarmed high speed, high altitude... English Electric Canberra testbed by 1953. Entering full production in 1955, the Olympus continued to be developed by Bristol Siddeley. The Olympus 201 entered service on the The Avro Vulcan was a British built jet engined, delta_winged subsonic bomber, once part of the RAFs V bomber force. Design and prototypes Design work began at A. V. Roe in 1947 under Roy Chadwick, the Ministry of Defence specification required a bomber with a top speed of 500... Avro Vulcan in 1956.


By modifications to the LP compressor (which included adding an extra LP stage) and the LP turbine, it was possible to increase the thrust from the 17,000 lbf (76 kN) of the Olympus 201 to 20,000 lbf (89 kN). The new engine was known as the Olympus 301 in service use. Due to the increased air mass, the Vulcan's air intakes had to be widened and, because of the extra compressor stage, the engines were larger and would not fit into the engine bays without extensive modifications

Olympus 593 engine (as used in Concorde) at Bristol Industrial Museum, Bristol, England. In the background is a full size Concorde nose. For scale, the womans height is 5 feet 4 inches. Taken by Adrian Pingstone in August 2004 and released to the public domain. This image has been...
Olympus 593 engine (as used in Concorde) at Bristol Industrial Museum, Bristol, England. In the background is a full size Concorde nose. For scale, the womans height is 5 feet 4 inches. Taken by Adrian Pingstone in August 2004 and released to the public domain. This image has been... Enlarge
Olympus 593 engine, in front of a full-size Concorde nose

Bristol Siddeley Olympus Versions

  • 201 Series - 17,000 lbf (76 kN)
  • 301 Series - 20,000 lbf (89 kN)

Rolls-Royce Olympus TM3B marine turbine

The Rolls-Royce Olympus powers the following naval vessels:

  • Royal Navy
    • The sixth (and current) HMS Invincible. The Invincible class aircraft carrier is a design currently in use by the Royal Navy. There are three carriers of this class in operation - HMS Invincible (R05, 1980), HMS Illustrious (R06, 1982) and HMS Ark Royal (R07, 1985 (initially she was to be the... Invincible class aircraft carriers — 4 turbines each
    • Type 42 destroyer HMS Manchester Type 42, also known as the Sheffield class, is a class of destroyers of the Royal Navy. The class was designed in the late 1960s to provide area air defence. In total fourteen vessels were constructed, eleven of which remain in service with the Royal... Type 42 destroyers — 2 Olympus 2 Tyne
  • French Navy
    • Georges Leygues Class destroyer
  • Belgian Navy
    • Wielingen-class frigates
  • Royal Netherlands Navy
    • L-class frigate

Historical

  • The Type 21 frigate or Amazon class frigate was an attempt by the Royal Navy to create a cheap escort design. The class was designed by private shipyards, Vosper Thornycroft and Yarrow, and partially funded by the Royal Australian Navy as they originally intended to buy five vessels but in... Type 21 frigate
  • Six ships of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Bristol, after the port of Bristol. The first Bristol was a 48-gun ship launched in 1653, completely rebuilt in 1693, captured by the French in April 1709, recaptured two weeks later and sunk. The second Bristol was a... HMS Bristol (TM1A)

Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593 (Concorde)

The Olympus turbojet is unique in commercial aviation as the only afterburning turbojet to power a commercial aircraft, Concorde may refer to: The supersonic Concorde (aeroplane) Concorde, North Carolina (the place) The Place de la Concorde, a square in Paris, France the Concorde Agreement — a contract which dictates the terms by which the ten Formula One teams compete in Formula One grands prix and take their share... Concorde. The Olympus 593 project was started in 1964, using the Avro Vulcan’s Olympus 320 as a basis for development. The Bristol Aeroplane Company (formerly British and Colonial Aeroplane Company) began building primitive Bristol Boxkites in a former tram shed and became famous for the production of the war-time Blenhein and Beaufighter, the Brabazon airliner prototypes, the Britannia and Freighter and the Belvedere and Sycamore helicopters. A stainless steel... Bristol Siddeley of the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... UK and Snecma Moteurs of France is one of the worlds major aircraft engine suppliers. In January 2000 the Snecma Group was converted into a holding company, and its propulsion operations were spun off into a new company, Snecma Moteurs. Civil aircraft propulsion Snecma Moteurs civil aviation business spans a range... Snecma Moteurs of The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France were to share the project. Acquiring Bristol Siddeley in 1966, Rolls-Royce continued as the British partner. The early stages validated the basic design concept but many studies were required to achieve desired specifications, e.g.

  • The critical factor – fuel consumption
  • Pressure Ratio
  • Weight/Size
  • Turbine entry temperature
Concorde 216 (G-BOAF) passes over the A38 road on the final ever Concorde landing at Filton, Bristol, England. Taken by Adrian Pingstone on 26th November 2003 and placed in the public domain. This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Arpingstone. This...
Concorde 216 (G-BOAF) passes over the A38 road on the final ever Concorde landing at Filton, Bristol, England. Taken by Adrian Pingstone on 26th November 2003 and placed in the public domain. This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Arpingstone. This... Enlarge
Concorde on its last flight

Rolls-Royce carried out the development of the original Bristol Siddeley Olympus and engine accessories, while Snecma had responsibility for variable engine inlet system, the exhaust nozzle/thrust reverser, the For other uses of afterburner, see Afterburner (disambiguation). An afterburner injects fuel into the path of the hot exhaust gases to provide extra thrust. An afterburner is an additional component added to some jet engines, primarily those on military aircraft. Design The jet engine afterburner is an extended exhaust section... afterburner and the noise attenuation system. Britain was to have a larger share in production of the Olympus 593 as France had a larger share in fuselage production.


The method by which a A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. The mesh cover at the front of the engine (left of photo) prevents debris - or people - from being... jet engine operates is explained more fully elsewhere, but essentially a jet draws air in at the front and compresses it. The air then combines with fuel and the engine burns the resulting mixture. The combustion greatly increases the volume of the gases which are then exhausted out of the rear of the engine. The Olympus engine takes this gas jet and passes it through straightening vanes - to obtain a laminar and turbulent water flow over the hull of a submarine In fluid dynamics, laminar flow is a flow regime characterized by high momentum diffusion, low momentum convection, and pressure and velocity independence from time. It is the opposite of turbulent flow. The (dimensionless) Reynolds number characterizes whether flow conditions... laminar flow. This gas jet then enters the afterburning jet pipe where a ring of fuel injectors spray fuel onto the gases. The resulting combustion greatly improves thrust. The afterburning section was longer than the engine itself (as was the case with all early turbojets) but the thrust of the Olympus 302 rose to 30,610 lbf (136 kN).


The variable geometry exhaust nozzle is two "eyelids" which vary their position in the exhaust flow dependent on the flight regime, for example when fully closed (into the exhaust flow) they act as thrust reversers, aiding deceleration from landing to taxi speed.


The variable engine inlet system was vital to the Olympus 593 on Concorde as supersonic airflow at the engine face would create shockwaves that would lead to engine surge and failure. The intake features variable ramps which alter the intake area which slows the intake air from Any speed over the speed of sound, which is approximately 343 m/s or 761 mph or 1,225 km/h at sea level, is said to be supersonic. Many modern fighter aircraft are supersonic. The Concorde was a supersonic passenger aircraft, but, since its final retirement flight on November... supersonic to Subsonic has two possible meanings: A speed lower than the speed of sound is called subsonic. Sounds that are too low-pitched to be consciously perceived by humans are called infrasound or subsonic. Subsonic sound has an effect on human hearing. The frequency range of normal human hearing is 20... subsonic speed. This is achieved by positioning the ramps such that shockwaves are created at the inlet, air passing through these shockwaves is slowed. The inlet air is further decelerated as the intake area increases closer to the engine (speed of air flow decreases as area increases.) Any excess air is expelled through doors on the underside of the In airplanes, the nacelle is a covered housing separated from the main structure that usually holds engines, fuel, or equipment. The covering is shaped in a curved manner, in order to maximize aerodynamics. In balloons, nacelles are suspended baskets containing machinery and passengers. In the Star Trek fictional universe, the... nacelle and some intake air bypassed around the engine and mixed with the exhaust - to increase thrust and keep the engine cool.

Missing image
Vulcan.planview.300pix.jpg
Avro Vulcan B.2 XH534

In June 1966 a complete Olympus 593 engine and variable geometry exhaust assembly was first run at Île-de-France can refer to: the historical province of France: see Île-de-France (province) the modern French administrative région: see Île-de-France (région) For other meanings without the circumflex accent, see Ile de France. ... Melun-Villaroche, Île-de-France, France. At Bristol, flight tests began using a The Avro Vulcan was a British built jet engined, delta_winged subsonic bomber, once part of the RAFs V bomber force. Design and prototypes Design work began at A. V. Roe in 1947 under Roy Chadwick, the Ministry of Defence specification required a bomber with a top speed of 500... RAF Vulcan bomber with the engine attached to its underside. Due to the Vulcan's aerodynamic limitations the tests were limited to a speed of See: Ernst Mach Mach number inertial mass Mach kernel Mach band This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly... Mach 0.98 (1,200 km/h). During these tests the 593 achieved 35,190 lbf (157 kN) thrust, which exceeded the requirements of the engine.


In April 1967 the Olympus 593 ran for the first time in a high altitude chamber, at Île-de-France can refer to: the historical province of France: see Île-de-France (province) the modern French administrative région: see Île-de-France (région) For other meanings without the circumflex accent, see Ile de France. ... Saclay, Île-de-France, France. In January 1968 the Vulcan flying test bed logged 100 flight hours, and the variable geometry exhaust assembly for the Olympus 593 engine was cleared at Melun-Villaroche for flight in the Concorde prototypes.


At 15:40 on the 2nd March 1969 Concorde prototype 001, captained by chief test pilot Andre Turcat, started its first take off run, with afterburners lit. The four Olympus 593 engines briskly accelerated the aircraft, and after 4,700 feet (1.4 km) of runway and at a speed of 205 knots (380 km/h) captain Turcat, lifted the aircraft off for the first time.


Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus Versions

  • 593 - Original version designed for Concorde
    • Thrust : 20,000 lbf (89 kN) dry / 30,610 lbf (136 kN) For other uses of afterburner, see Afterburner (disambiguation). An afterburner injects fuel into the path of the hot exhaust gases to provide extra thrust. An afterburner is an additional component added to some jet engines, primarily those on military aircraft. Design The jet engine afterburner is an extended exhaust section... reheat
  • 593-22R - Powerplant fitted to prototypes. Higher performance than original engine due to changes in aircraft specification.
    • Thrust : 34,650 lbf (154 kN) dry / 37,180 lbf (165 kN) For other uses of afterburner, see Afterburner (disambiguation). An afterburner injects fuel into the path of the hot exhaust gases to provide extra thrust. An afterburner is an additional component added to some jet engines, primarily those on military aircraft. Design The jet engine afterburner is an extended exhaust section... reheat
  • 593-610-14-28 - Final version fitted to production Concordes
    • Thrust : 32,000 lbf (142 kN) dry / 38,050 lbf (169 kN) For other uses of afterburner, see Afterburner (disambiguation). An afterburner injects fuel into the path of the hot exhaust gases to provide extra thrust. An afterburner is an additional component added to some jet engines, primarily those on military aircraft. Design The jet engine afterburner is an extended exhaust section... reheat

See also

  • Rolls-Royce plc (also known as Rolls-Royce Aero Engines) is the second-largest aircraft engine maker in the world, behind General Electrics GE Aircraft Engines division. Rolls-Royce, an automobile company founded in 1906 by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls, produced its first aircraft engine in 1914... Rolls-Royce
  • List of aircraft engines: Piston engines Allison V-1710 BMW 801 Bristol Aquila Bristol Centaurus Bristol Hercules Bristol Jupiter Bristol Mercury Bristol Pegasus Bristol Perseus Bristol Phoenix Bristol Taurus Continental O-200 Daimler-Benz DB 601 de Havilland Gipsy Major Hispano-Suiza 12Y Hispano-Suiza 12Z Hitachi Hatsukaze Gnome Monosoupape... List of aircraft engines

This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). It is an inclusive list rather than an exclusive one, meaning that where an aircraft is known under multiple names, designations, or manufacturers, each of these is listed. This list does... List of aircraft | This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). The years of operation are given in parenthesis. See also: aircraft, lists of companies, list of aircraft engine manufacturers Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S... Aircraft manufacturers | List of aircraft engines: Piston engines Allison V-1710 BMW 801 Bristol Aquila Bristol Centaurus Bristol Hercules Bristol Jupiter Bristol Mercury Bristol Pegasus Bristol Perseus Bristol Phoenix Bristol Taurus Continental O-200 Daimler-Benz DB 601 de Havilland Gipsy Major Hispano-Suiza 12Y Hispano-Suiza 12Z Hitachi Hatsukaze Gnome Monosoupape... Aircraft engines | -1... Aircraft engine manufacturers


This list of commercial airports is indexed by their three-letter alphanumeric IATA airport code: The following web address (http://www.brusselsairport.be/airports_web/en_allairports.cfm?order=code), part of the Brussels Airport website, has an alternative list which contains, at least, some airports not listed below. And the website... Airports | This is a list of airlines in operation. List of Airlines Africa Algeria Air Algerie Angola TAAG Benin Benin Golf Air Botswana Air Botswana Burkina Faso Air Burkina Burundi Air Burundi Cameroon Cameroon Airlines Cape Verde TACV Chad Toumai Air Chad Comoros Air Comores International Comores Air Services Comores Aviation... Airlines | This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. It includes naval air arms, army aviation corps, and coast guards. Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z... Air forces | This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. Aircraft mounted guns ADEN cannon (UK) Colt Mk 12 cannon (United States) DEFA cannon (France) Hispano 20 mm cannon (Switzerland) Mauser BK-27 (Germany) GAU-7 cannon (United States) GAU-8 Avenger (United States) GAU-12 Equalizer (United States) M2... Aircraft weapons | Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by country of origin. See also the list of rockets. Types of missiles: Air-to-air missile Anti-ballistic missile Anti-satellite weapon Anti-ship missile Anti-tank guided missile Ballistic missile Cruise missile Intermediate Range Ballistic missile... Missiles | This is a timeline of aviation history. Timeline of aviation - pre-18th century Timeline of aviation - 18th century Timeline of aviation - 19th century 1900s: 1900 - 1901 - 1902 - 1903 - 1904 - 1905 - 1906 - 1907 - 1908 - 1909 1910s: 1910 - 1911 - 1912 - 1913 - 1914 - 1915 - 1916 - 1917 - 1918 - 1919 1920s: 1920 - 1921 - 1922 - 1923... Timeline of aviation


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rolls-Royce Olympus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (973 words)
A marine version of the Olympus was trialled in the refitted Royal Navy frigate HMS Exmouth which became the first major warship in a western navy to be powered by gas turbine engines.
The Olympus was subsequently used for the Type 21 frigates and the sole Type 82 destroyer, HMS Bristol (TM1A).
Bristol Siddeley of the UK and Snecma Moteurs of France were to share the project.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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