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Encyclopedia > Bristol Freighter
Bristol Type 170 Freighter
Bristol Freighter, Liverpool 1961.
Type Cargo aircraft
Manufacturer Bristol Aeroplane Company
Designed by Taffy Powel
Maiden flight 1948-07-07
Primary user Silver City

The Bristol Type 170 Freighter was a twin-engined propeller cargo aircraft designed and built by Bristol Aeroplane Company as an air ferry to carry cars and their passengers over relatively short distances. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1051x603, 79 KB) © Felicity and Philip source: http://www. ... A cargo aircraft is an airplane primarily designed and used for the carriage of goods, rather than passengers. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... Bristol Aeroplane Company logo The Bristol Aeroplane Company (formerly British and Colonial Aeroplane Company) was a major British aircraft company which, in 1959, merged with several major British aircraft companies, to become the British Aircraft Corporation and later still part of British Aerospace, now BAE Systems. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... Silver City was a British airline, launched by Wing Commander Taffy Powel in 1948. ... Bristol Aeroplane Company logo The Bristol Aeroplane Company (formerly British and Colonial Aeroplane Company) was a major British aircraft company which, in 1959, merged with several major British aircraft companies, to become the British Aircraft Corporation and later still part of British Aerospace, now BAE Systems. ... An Air ferry is a service, at which cars are transported by planes, which travels regulary. ...

Contents

History

The design was conceived by Wing Commander Taffy Powel who opened a fascinating and innovative chapter in British aviation. A keen and impatient traveller himself, Powel realised that by adapting the design of the Bristol Bombay bomber, he could fly passengers with their cars from Britain to continental Europe. The aircraft he conceived was the Bristol Freighter and it allowed motorists to take their cars abroad from Britain. On the July 7, 1948, Powel's Silver City airline made the first ever British flight with a car, from Lympne in Kent to Le Touquet on the northern coast of France. A service was also started from Lydd Ferryfield airport, also in Kent. Both services were resounding successes. Another operator of thew Bristol freighter in those days was Aer Lingus. A larger derivative, the Bristol Superfreighter, was soon developed. In turn that was replaced by a British conversion of some Douglas DC-4 airliners known as the ATL-98 Carvair, (with raised cockpit and nose door reminiscent of the Freighter). A Wing Commanders sleeve/shoulder insignia A Wing Commanders command flag Wing Commander is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... The Bristol Bombay was a medium bomber and troop transport aircraft flown by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Silver City was a British airline, launched by Wing Commander Taffy Powel in 1948. ... A Boeing 747-400 of Virgin Atlantic Airways An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Lympne (pronounced limm) village is situated on the once sea cliffs above the Romney Marsh in Kent. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... Le Touquet-Paris-Plage, commonly referred to as Le Touquet, is a coastal town and commune of the Pas-de-Calais département, in northern France. ... Location within the British Isles Arms of Lydd Town Council Lydd is a town in Kent, England, lying on the Romney Marsh. ... Bristol Superfreighter was a larger stretched version of Bristol Freighter, still with 2 propeller engines, it could carry 20 passengers instead of 12 passengers of the smaller Bristol Freighter and 3 cars instead of 2 cars. ... The designation DC-4 was used by Douglas Aircraft Company when developing the DC-4E as a large, four-engined type to complement its forthcoming DC-3 design. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... Aer Lingus Carvair loading a car at Bristol Airport, Bristol, England, in 1965 The Aviation Traders ATL-98 Carvair was a Douglas DC-4 converted to carry 22 passengers and 5 front-loaded cars. ...


As ferries became faster and were supplemented by hovercraft and hydrofoils, capable of carrying civilian vehicles, the economics of carrying small numbers of cars by air became uncompetitive so the Carvairs were not replaced and the airlines based around that concept faded from the scene, being taken over by others mainly focused on passenger traffic rather than cargo. BHC SR-N4 The worlds largest car and passenger carrying hovercraft A hovercraft, or air-cushion vehicle (ACV), is a vehicle or craft that can be supported by a cushion of air ejected downwards against a surface close below it, and can in principle travel over any relatively smooth... The Jetfoil Toppi is a ferry which connects Yakushima, Tanegashima Island and Kagoshima port in Japan. ...


Description

The Freighter is a somewhat bulbous and cumbersome-looking aircraft. Like the more slender prewar Bombay it is a high-wing monoplane with fixed undercarriage (landing gear), the main gear legs supported by substantial vertical struts beneath the Bristol Hercules radial engines and horizontally from the lower edge of the (slab-sided) fuselage. The cockpit sits atop the forward fuselage with two large clam shell doors at the nose, making the unpressurised fuselage somewhat breezy; one Kiwi pilot claimed his charge was "40 thousand rivets flying in close formation". Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... Kiwi is the nickname used internationally for people from New Zealand. ...


Other civil uses

In New Zealand SAFE Air (Straits Air Freight Express) moved rail freight from Wellington (the North Island) to Blenheim (the South Island) and back, using Bristol Freighters reconfigured to accept palletised cargo loaded on patented cargons. This was a first anywhere in the aviation world. Straits Air Freight Express (SAFE) is a cargo airline, established in 1950, named for the fact that it encompassed Cook Strait and connected the North Island and South Island (of New Zealand) railway systems during the 1950s to the 1970s. ... A railway yard in Portland, Oregon. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara or Poneke in Māori) is the capital of New Zealand, the countrys second largest urban area and the most populous national capital in Oceania. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... Blenheim may refer to a number of towns and cities in different countries: Blenheim, a city in New Zealand. ... The South Island The South Island is one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. ...


Cargons were loaded near the rail yards and their load was calculated and arranged to remain within the aircraft's load and Centre of Gravity limits. They were then trucked to the airport and mechanically loaded as a unit from devices that were electric-motor powered via screw-jacks. The loader accepted pallets from horizontal-tray road vehicles and then raised them to allow loading into the nose of the tail-wheeled aircraft. Other adaptations allowed the carrying of horses and other high-value large animals.


Freighters were the major link between the Chatham Islands and the rest of the world until Armstrong Whitworth Argosys replaced them. SAFE Air developed a pressurised 'container' for the half of the aircraft given over to passengers on these flights. The Chatham Islands from space. ... The Armstrong Whitworth Argosy was a British post-war military transport/cargo aircraft. ...


Military users

In military service Bristol Freighters were operated by the air forces of Argentina, Australia, Burma, Canada, Iraq, Pakistan and New Zealand. Bristol Freighters were operated briefly by the Pakistan Air Force. Some of their aircraft were bought by SAFE Air and used in New Zealand. Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 7th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ...


The Royal New Zealand Air Force ordered 12 Freighters in the late 1940s. RNZAF Freighters ranged as far as supplying the New Zealand Army in Malaya, the British High Commissioners (and others) in the Maldives, Ceylon, India and Nepal, performing FEAF tasks in Malaya (often when other aircraft types were unservicable due to maintenance problems) and Hong Kong. They ran a highly reliable military shuttle service for allies in Thailand during the Vietnam War and served several other roles, being adapted for—amongst other things—aerial top dressing, although to avoid competition with private enterprise the NZ government did not to use them in that role. The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... Ngāti Tumatauenga or New Zealand Army is the land armed force of the New Zealand military and comprises around 4,500 regular personnel and 2,500 non-regulars and civilians. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... The RAF Far East Air Force was the command organisation that controlled all Royal Air Force assets in the east of Asia. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Aerial topdressing is the spreading of fertilisers such as superphosphate over farmland with the use of aircraft. ...


Final days

The Freighters were retired from military use when replaced by Hawker Siddeley Andovers in the 1970s. After retirement a number of smaller local operators briefly flew Freighters. Some were exported to Canada. A SAFE Air Freighter is preserved at Blenheim and another at the Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum in Christchurch. A third is being restored at Ardmore near Auckland. Other Freighter airframes around New Zealand now serve as novelty tea-rooms and backpacker hostels. The Hawker Siddeley Andover is a twin engined turboprop transport aircraft produced by Hawker-Siddeley and developed from the Avro 748 airliner. ... Kia Ora Welcome to Blenheim The Taylor River in central Blenheim Blenheim is a town in Marlborough, in the northeast of the South Island in New Zealand. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum is primarily a museum of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, its predecessor, the New Zealand Permanent Air Force and New Zealand squadrons of the Royal Air Force. ... Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the third largest city in the country. ... One of New Zealands busiest airfields is at the former RNZAF base at Ardmore, in the Papakura District in the southern quarter of the Auckland Region. ... The Auckland Metropolitan Area, or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ...


One Freighter was in service in turn with British Ministry of Supply (G-AIMI), the RAF (WB482), the RAAF (A81-1) and subsequently went into commercial use in Australia until 1978 after which it went on to become a museum exhibit and was given over to the RAAF museum at Point Cook, Victoria, Australia in 1988. The Ministry of Supply (MoS) was a department of the UK Government formed in 1939 to co-ordinate the supplying of equipment to the British armed forces, headed by the Minister of Supply. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The RAAF Roundel is based on that of the British Royal Air Force, with the central circle replaced by a Kangaroo, a symbol of Australia. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Point Cook is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The last Freighter in service, bought from surplus in New Zealand, was owned by Hawkair in Terrace, British Columbia, Canada. In 2004 this took its final flight to the Reynolds-Alberta Museum in Wetaskiwin, Alberta. Hawkair is a regional airline operating in British Columbia. ... Terrace is a forestry dependent community on the Skeena River in British Columbia, Canada. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Reynolds-Alberta Museum, in Wetaskiwin, Alberta, Canada, one of 18 provincially owned and operated historic sites and museums, honours the spirit of the machine. It traces the mechanization of Albertas transportation, aviation, agricultural, and industrial past from the 1890s to the 1970s, as cars and trucks replaced horse... Wetaskiwin is also the name of a federal electoral district. ...


Bristol freighter Mk 3 31M G-BISU was operated by Instone Airline at Stansted, Essex, UK, for a number of years. This was an ex-RNZAF aircraft and left Ardmore on 2 March 1981 for its 86 hour ferry flight to the UK, it subsequently flew its first charter flight on 3 August 1981 delivering two racehorses to Deauville. This role of flying livestock was to take up half a year while other work included carriage of oil drilling machinery, car parts, newspapers and mail. Instone operated a second example which later returned to New Zealand but this was then sold to a company in Canada. It was donated to the Reynolds-Alberta Aviation Museum at Wetaskiwin, Alberta. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Deauville is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Wetaskiwin is also the name of a federal electoral district. ...


Sadly C-FDFC (cn 13218) crashed on take off with the crew escaping but was essentially a write-off.


Civil Operators

Air Vietnam Air Vietnam (Air VN) began in 1951, as Vietnam’s first commercial air carrier, establised under Emperor Bao Dai the Chief of State of South Vietnam. ... British United Air Ferries (BUAF) was a British airline operating in the 1960s that later became British Air Ferries and is now part of British World Airways. ... Dan-Air Services Limited is a defunct airline based in the United Kingdom. ... Hawkair is a regional airline operating in British Columbia. ... Iberia can mean: The Iberian peninsula of South west Europe; That part of it once inhabited by the Iberians, who spoke the Iberian language. ... Straits Air Freight Express (SAFE) is a cargo airline, established in 1950, named for the fact that it encompassed Cook Strait and connected the North Island and South Island (of New Zealand) railway systems during the 1950s to the 1970s. ... Silver City was a British airline, launched by Wing Commander Taffy Powel in 1948. ... Wardair airplane at takeoff Wardair Canada (IATA: WD, ICAO: WDA, and Callsign: Wardair) was one of Canadas first discount airlines, founded by Max Ward in 1952 under the name Wardair Ltd. ...

Military Operators

Specifications (Mk 21E)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 (Pilot, Co-pilot and signaller/loadmaster)
  • Length: 68 ft 4 in (20.82 m)
  • Wingspan: 98 ft 0 in (29.87 m)
  • Height: 21 ft 8 in (6.60 m)
  • Wing area: 1,405 sq ft (130.53 m²)
  • Empty weight: 24,000 lb (11,780 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 36,500 lb (16,556 kg)
  • Powerplant:Bristol Hercules 672 14-cylinder radial engines, 3,380 hp (2,518 kW) each

Performance

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... VC may stand for: vehicular cycling Venture capital Vice-county Victoria Cross Viet Cong Vinyl chloride Virginia Central Railway (AAR reporting mark VC) virtual circuit Visual C++ Volkov Commander (file manager) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: ISO country code This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages...

External links

  • RNZAF Museum Freighter page
  • RAAF Museum, Point Cook

Related content

 

Comparable aircraft

Designation sequence

Related lists

  • List of cargo aircraft

  A Blackburn Beverley The Blackburn Beverley was a heavy cantilever monoplane transport aircraft built by the Blackburn Aircraft corporation in the 1940s with its maiden flight in 1950 from Brough. ... The Armstrong Whitworth Argosy was a British post-war military transport/cargo aircraft. ... The Bristol Type 164 Brigand was the outcome of a 1942 specification (H. 7/42) calling for a faster edition of the Beaufighter for long range torpedo work and anti-shipping strikes. ... The Bristol type 166 Buckmaster was an advanced trainer aircraft of the Royal Air Force. ... The Bristol Type 167 Brabazon was a huge airliner designed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company to fly transatlantic routes from the UK to the United States. ... Categories: Stub | British military utility aircraft 1940-1949 | Helicopters ... The Bristol Type 192 Belvedere twin-blade helicopter The Bristol Type 192 Belvedere is a twin-engined, tandem rotor helicopter designed for a variety of transport roles including troop transport, supply dropping and casualty evacuation. ...


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The Freighter is a somewhat bulbous and cumbersome-looking aircraft.
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One Freighter was in service in turn with British Ministry of Supply (G-AIMI), the RAF (WB482), the RAAF (A81-1) and subsequently went into commercial use in Australia until 1978 after which it went on to become a museum exhibit and was given over to the RAAF museum at Point Cook, Victoria, Australia in 1988.
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