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Encyclopedia > Bristol Beaufighter
Bristol Type 156 Beaufighter
Type Heavy fighter
Manufacturer Bristol Aeroplane Company; Department of Aircraft Production (Australia)
Designed by Leslie Frise
Roy Fedden
Maiden flight 17 July 1939
Retired 1960 (Australia)
Primary user Royal Air Force;
Royal Australian Air Force
Produced May 19401946
Number built 5,928
The Bristol Beaufighter is also the name of a car produced by Bristol Cars in the 1980s.

The Bristol Type 156 Beaufighter, often referred to as simply the Beau, was a British long-range heavy fighter modification of the Bristol Aeroplane Company's earlier Beaufort torpedo bomber design. The name Beaufighter is a portmanteau of "Beaufort" and "fighter". Unlike the Beaufort, the Beaufighter had a long career and served in almost all theatres of war in the Second World War, first as a night fighter, then as a fighter-bomber and eventually replacing the Beaufort as a torpedo bomber. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A heavy fighter is a fighter aircraft designed to be used in the long-range role, or while carrying heavier weapons loads. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... Bristol Aeroplane Company logo The Bristol Aeroplane Company (formerly British and Colonial Aeroplane Company) was a major British aircraft company which, in 1959, merged with several major British aircraft companies, to become the British Aircraft Corporation and later still part of British Aerospace, now BAE Systems. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... hellotyle=float:right; |- | |- | |} July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1960: Events January January 1 - Fiji Airways is reconstituted, becoming equally owned by BOAC, QANTAS, and Tasman Empire Airways. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1940: Events March March 16 - Britain suffers its first civilian air-raid casualties of the war after a raid by KG 26 on Scapa Flow March 25 - the US government grants permission to the countrys aircraft manufacturers to sell advanced... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1946: // Events January January 1 - a British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian becomes the first commercial flight to depart Heathrow Airport January 10 - a Sikorsky R5 sets an unofficial helicopter altitude record of 6,400 m (21,000 ft) at Stratford... The Bristol 412 was one of two successors developed to the long-serving 411 which had carried Bristol Cars through from the late 1960s to the late 1970s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bristol Cars is a manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars, based at Filton, near Bristol, England. ... A heavy fighter is a fighter aircraft designed to be used in the long-range role, or while carrying heavier weapons loads. ... Bristol Aeroplane Company logo The Bristol Aeroplane Company (formerly British and Colonial Aeroplane Company) was a major British aircraft company which, in 1959, merged with several major British aircraft companies, to become the British Aircraft Corporation and later still part of British Aerospace, now BAE Systems. ... The Bristol Type 152 Beaufort was a large torpedo bomber designed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company, and developed from the earlier Blenheim light bomber. ... A torpedo bomber is a bomber aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with torpedoes, but they could also carry out conventional bombings. ... Look up portmanteau word in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A night fighter is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night, or in other times of bad visibility. ... A ground attack aircraft is an aircraft that is designed to operate very close to the ground, supporting infantry and tanks directly in battle. ...

Contents

Design and development

Built as a company-funded project to fill Air Ministry specification F.11/37, the prototype Beaufighter first flew on 17 July 1939. This was little more than eight months after the design had started, and hints to the widespread use of the Beaufort's design and parts. A production contract for 300 machines had already been placed two weeks before the prototype flew, as F.17/39. The Air Ministry was formerly a department of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1918 with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the (then newly formed) Royal Air Force. ... This is a partial list of the British Air Ministry specifications for aircraft. ... (Redirected from 17 July) July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ...


In general, the differences between the Beaufort and Beaufighter were minor. The wings, control surfaces, retractable landing gear and aft section of the fuselage, were identical to those of the Beaufort, while the wing center section was similar apart from certain fittings. The bomb-bay was dispensed with, and a forward-firing armament of four Hispano 20 mm cannons was mounted in the lower fuselage area. (These initially were drum-fed cannon, necessitating the radar operator having to manually change the ammunition drums—an arduous and unpopular task, especially at night and in the midst of a chase with a bomber target.) The areas for the rear gunner and bomb-aimer were removed, leaving only the pilot in a smoother, fighter-type cockpit. The navigator/radar operator sat far to the rear in a small bubble where the Beaufort's dorsal turret had been located. The Hispano Suiza 20 mm cannon was one of the most widely used aircraft weapons of the 20th century, used by British, American, French, and many other military services. ...


The earlier Taurus engines were replaced by the much-improved Hercules, whose extra power presented problems with vibration. In the end they were mounted on longer, more flexible struts, which stuck out from the front of the wings. This had the side effect of moving the center of gravity (CoG) forward, generally a bad thing for an aircraft design. It was then moved back into place by cutting back the nose area, which was no longer needed for the bomb-aimer in the fighter role. This put most of the fuselage behind the wing and moved the CoG back to where it should be, leading to the Beaufighter's famous stubby appearance. Bristol Taurus engine The Taurus was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine, produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1936. ... Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...

Bristol Beaufighter Mk 1 in No. 252 Squadron, North Africa
Bristol Beaufighter Mk 1 in No. 252 Squadron, North Africa

Production of the Beaufort in Australia, and the highly successful use of British-made Beaufighters by the Royal Australian Air Force, led to Beaufighters being built by the Australian Department of Aircraft Production (DAP), from 1944 onwards. Australian-built examples are generally known as the DAP Beaufighter. The DAP's variant was an attack/torpedo bomber, known as the Beaufighter Mark 21: design changes included Hercules CVII engines, a dihedral tailplane and enhanced armament. Image File history File links Beaufighter252sqn. ... Image File history File links Beaufighter252sqn. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... In geometry, the dihedral is the angle between two planes. ...


By the time British production lines shut down in September 1945, 5,564 Beaufighters had been built in England with 498 produced by Fairey Aviation, Manchester; the majority of them being later models. When Australian production ceased in 1946, 365 Mk 21s had been built.


Operational service

By fighter standards, the Beaufighter Mk I was rather heavy and slow. It had an all-up weight of 16,000 lb (7,000 kg) and a maximum speed of only 335 mph (540 km/h) at 16,800 ft (5,000 m). Nevertheless this was all that was available at the time, as the otherwise excellent Westland Whirlwind had already been cancelled due to production problems with its engines. This article describes the World War II fighter aircraft. ...

A 1943 advertisement for the Beaufighter, incorporating a quote from the Times newspaper
A 1943 advertisement for the Beaufighter, incorporating a quote from the Times newspaper

The Beaufighter's main claim to fame would be that it was coming off the production lines at almost exactly the same time as the first British airborne radar sets. With the four 20mm cannons mounted in the lower fuselage, the nose could accommodate the radar antennas, and the general roominess of the fuselage enabled the AI equipment to be fitted easily. Even loaded down to an even heavier 20,000 lb (9 t), the plane was still fast enough to catch the even slower German bombers. By early 1941, it was an effective counter to Luftwaffe night raids. The various early models of the Beaufighter soon commenced service overseas, where its rugged build and reliability soon made the aircraft popular with its crews. Image File history File linksMetadata Bristol_Aeroplane_Company_Ltd_-_Beaufighter_Successes_-_1943_advertisement. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Bristol_Aeroplane_Company_Ltd_-_Beaufighter_Successes_-_1943_advertisement. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1785, and under its current name since 1788. ... This long range Radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. Radar is a system that uses radio waves to determine and map the location, direction, and/or speed... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


A night-fighter Mk VIF was supplied to squadrons in March 1942, equipped with AI Mark VIII radar. As the faster de Havilland Mosquito took over in the night fighter role in mid to late 1942, the heavier Beaufighters made sterling contributions in other areas, such as anti-shipping, ground attack and long-range interdiction in every major theatre of operations. The de Havilland Mosquito (The Wooden Wonder, also known as The Timber Terror) was a British combat aircraft that excelled in a number of roles during the Second World War. ...


In the Mediterranean, the USAAF's 414th, 415th, 416th and 417th Night Fighter Squadrons received 100 Beaufighters in the summer of 1943, achieving their first victory in July 1943. Through the summer the squadrons conducted both daytime convoy escort and ground-attack operations, but primarily flew defensive interception missions at night. Although the Northrop P-61 Black Widow fighter began to arrive in December 1944, USAAF Beaufighters continued to fly night operations in Italy and France until late in the war. The Northrop P-61 Black Widow was an all-metal, twin-engine, twin-boom, monoplane night fighter and night intruder aircraft flown by the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. It was the first American – and only Allied – purpose-built aircraft to serve as a radar-equipped...


By the autumn of 1943 the Mosquito was available in enough numbers to replace the Beaufighter as the primary night fighter of the RAF. By the end of the war some 70 pilots serving with RAF units had become aces while flying Beaufighters.


Coastal Command

1941 saw the development of the Beaufighter Mk IC long-range heavy fighter. This new variant entered service in May 1941 with a detachment from No. 252 Squadron operating from Malta. The aircraft proved so effective in the Mediterranean against shipping, aircraft and ground targets that Coastal Command became the major user of the Beaufighter, replacing the obsolete Beaufort and Blenheim.


Coastal Command began to take delivery of the up-rated Mk VIC in mid 1942. By the end of 1942 Mk VICs were being equipped with torpedo-carrying gear, enabling them to carry the British 18-inch or the US 22.5-inch torpedo externally. The first successful torpedo attacks by Beaufighters came in April 1943, with No. 254 Squadron sinking two merchant ships off Norway.


The Hercules Mk XVII, developing 1,735 hp at 500 feet was installed in the Mk VIC airframe to produce the TF (Torpedo Fighter) Mk X - commonly known as the "Torbeau." The Mk X became the main production mark of the Beaufighter. The strike variant of the Torbeau was designated the "Mk XIC." Beaufighter TF Xs would make precision shipping attacks at wave-top height with torpedoes or rockets. Early models of the Mk Xs carried ASV (air-to-surface vessel) radar, but this was replaced in late 1943 by AI Mark VIII radar, housed in a "thimble-nose" radome, enabling all-weather and nighttime attacks.


The North Coates Strike Wing (Coastal Command) developed attack tactics combining large formations of Beaufighters on anti-flak suppression with cannon and rockets while the Torbeaus attacked on low level. These tactics were put into practice in mid 1943 and in a 10 month period 27,000 tonnes of shipping were sunk. Tactics were further adapted when shipping was moved from port during night hours.


The Coastal Command RAF North Coates Strike Wing operated as the largest anti-shipping force of the Second World War, and accounted for over 150,000 tons of shipping and 117 vessels for a loss of 120 Beaufighters and 241 aircrew killed or missing. This was half the total tonnage sunk by all strike wings between 1942-45.


Pacific War

The Beaufighter arrived at squadrons in Asia and the Pacific in mid-1942. It has often been said — although it was most probably a propaganda invention — that Japanese soldiers referred to the Beaufighter as "whispering death", supposedly because attacking aircraft often were unheard (or seen) until it was too late.


South East Asia

In the South-East Asian theatre, the Beaufighter Mk VIf operated from India on night missions against Japanese lines of communication in Burma and Thailand. The high-speed, low-level attacks were highly effective, despite often atrocious weather conditions and the makeshift repair and maintenance facilities. The South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was the name given to the campaigns of the Pacific War in India, Burma, Thailand, Malaya and Singapore. ...


South West Pacific

Before DAP Beaufighters arrived at Royal Australian Air Force units in the South West Pacific theatre, the Bristol Beaufighter Mk Ic was employed in anti-shipping missions. The most famous of these was the Battle of the Bismarck Sea in which they co-operated with USAAF A-20 Bostons and B-25 Mitchells. 30 Squadron RAAF Beaufighters flew in at mast height to provide heavy suppressive fire for the waves of attacking bombers. The Japanese convoy, under the impression that they were under torpedo attack, made the fatal tactical error of turning their ships towards the Beaufighters, leaving them exposed to attack by the Allied medium bombers. Eight transports and four destroyers were sunk for the loss of five aircraft, including one Beaufighter. The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The South West Pacific was one of two theatres of World War II in the Pacific region, between 1942 and 1945. ... Combatants United States, Australia Empire of Japan Commanders George C. Kenney Masatomi Kimura Strength 39 heavy bombers; 41 medium bombers; 34 light bombers; 54 fighters 8 destroyers, 8 troop transports, 100 aircraft Casualties 2 bombers, 3 fighters destroyed 8 transports, 4 destroyers sunk 20 fighters destroyed, 5,000 troops killed... The Douglas A-20 series, Douglas model DB-7, was a family of bomber and fighter aircraft of World War II, serving with United States, British, Soviet, French and Australian services. ... Lt. ...


PostWar

From late 1944, RAF Beaufighter units were engaged in the Greek Civil War, finally withdrawing in 1946. Combatants Hellenic Army, Royalist forces, Republicans, British troops Communist guerillas (ELAS, DSE) Commanders Alexander Papagos, Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, James Van Fleet Markos Vafiadis Strength 100,000 men 20,000 men and women[] Casualties 12,777 killed 37,732 wounded 4,527 missing 38,000 killed[] 40,000 captured or surrendered The...


The Beaufighter was also used by the Portuguese Air Force, as well as the air forces of Turkey and the Dominican Republic. It was used briefly by the Israeli Air Force. The Portuguese Air Force or FAP (Força Aérea Portuguesa) is the air force of Portugal. ... Official shield of the IAF The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ...


Variants

  • Beaufighter Mk IF : Two-seat night fighter variant.
  • Beaufighter Mk IC : The "C" stood for Coastal Command variant; many were modified to carry bombs.
  • Beaufighter Mk II : However well the Beaufighter performed, the Short Stirling bomber program by late 1941 had a higher priority for the Hercules engine and the Rolls Royce Merlin XX-powered Mk II was the result.
  • Beaufighter Mk IIF : Production night fighter variant.
  • Beaufighter Mk V : There were no Mk IIIs or IVs, and only two Mk Vs built. The Vs had a Boulton Paul turret with four 0.303 machine guns mounted aft of the cockpit supplanting one pair of cannons and the wing-mounted machine guns.
  • Beaufighter Mk VI : The Hercules returned with the next major version in 1942, the Mk VI, which was eventually built to over 1,000 examples.
  • Beaufighter Mk VIC : Torpedo-carrying variant dubbed the "Torbeau."
  • Beaufighter Mk VIF : This variant was equipped with AI Mark VIII radar.
  • Beaufighter Mk VI (ITF) : Interim torpedo fighter version.
  • Beaufighter TF.MK X : Two-seat torpedo fighter aircraft. The last major version (2,231 built) was the Mk X, probably the finest torpedo and strike aircraft of its day.
  • Beaufighter Mk XIC: Built without torpedo gear for Coastal Command use.
  • Beaufighter Mk 21: The Australian-made DAP Beaufighter. Changes included Hercules CVII engines, a dihedral tailplane, four 20 mm in the nose, four Browning .50 in the wings and the capacity to carry eight five-inch High-Velocity Aircraft Rockets (HVAR), two 250 lb bombs, two 500 lb bombs and one Mk13 torpedo.
  • Beaufighter TT.Mk 10 : After the war, many RAF Beaufighters were converted into target tug aircraft.

The Stirling was a World War II heavy bomber design built by Short Brothers. ... The Merlin is an aircraft engine built during World War II by Rolls-Royce. ... In geometry, the dihedral is the angle between two planes. ...

Survivors

The National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio has completed the restoration of a rare Beaufighter Mk I. The aircraft is displayed as the USAAF Beaufighter flown by Capt. Harold Augspurger, commander of the 415th Night Fighter Squadron, who shot down an He 111 carrying German staff officers in September 1944. The Beaufighter went on display on 18 October 2006. The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official national museum of the United States Air Force and is located at Wright-Patterson AFB, east of Dayton, Ohio. ... Nickname: Gem City Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Montgomery Founded April 1, 1796 Incorporated 1805 Government  - Mayor Rhine L. McLin Area  - City  56. ...


The Royal Air Force Museum at Hendon, London, UK has a Beaufighter TF X on display along with a Bristol Hercules engine. An Avro Lancaster in the main hangar of the RAF Museum Hendon The Royal Air Force Museum (RAF Museum) is a museum dedicated to the history of aviation, and the British Royal Air Force in particular. ... Ignore the sign — the Claddagh Ring pub is in Church Road, Hendon somewhat more than 9 miles from Athenry. ...


The Canada Aviation Museum presently is storing Beaufighter TF X RAF serial RD867 for future restoration. The museum aircraft is a semi-complete RAF restoration with no engines, cowlings or internal components, received in exchange for a Bristol Bolingbroke on 10 September 1969. The Canada Aviation Museum (French: Musée de laviation du Canada) is the national aviation history museum, located in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Bristol Type 142M Blenheim was a high-speed light bomber used extensively in the early days of World War II, built by Bristol Aeroplane Company. ...


A privately owned Beaufighter is currently undergoing a lengthy restoration in the UK. Its owner hopes to eventually restore it to flying condition.


There are two Beaufighter Mk XXI aircraft on static display in museums in Australia, one at Morrabin and the other at Camden.


Operators

See also: List of Bristol Beaufighter units

The following are units which operated the Bristol Beaufighter: // Royal Air Force No. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... Official shield of the IAF The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_corrected_(bordered). ... The Polish Air Forces (Polskie Siły Powietrzne) was a name of Polish Air Forces formed in France and the United Kingdom during World War II. The core of the Polish air units fighting alongside the allies were experienced veterans of Polish September Campaign of 1939 and they largely contributed... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... The Portuguese Air Force or FAP (Força Aérea Portuguesa) is the air force of Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... The South African Air Force roundel The South African Air Force (SAAF) (Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag) is the air force of South Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United States Army Air Forces, or USAAF, was a part of the U.S. military during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ...

Specifications (Beaufighter X)

An Australian Beaufighter flying over New Guinea in 1942 (AWM OG0001)

Data from Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II[1] Image File history File links Beaufighter_(AWM_OG0001). ... Image File history File links Beaufighter_(AWM_OG0001). ...

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2: pilot, observer
  • Length: 41 ft 4 in (12.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 57 ft 10 in (17.65 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 10 in (4.84 m)
  • Wing area: ft² (46,73 m²)
  • Empty weight: 15,592 lb (7,072 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 25,400 lb (11,521 kg)
  • Powerplant:Bristol Hercules 14-cylinder radial engines, 1,600 hp (1,200 kW) each

Performance

Armament

  • 4× Hispano 20 mm cannon (60 rounds per cannon, 240 rounds total) in nose, and

In Fighter Command service

  • Guns:
    • 4× .303 in (7.7 mm) machine gun (outer starboard wing)
    • 2× .303 in machine gun (outer port wing)
  • Rockets: 8× RP-3 rockets or
  • Bombs: 2× 1000 lb bombs

In Coastal Command service

  • Guns:
    • 1× manually-operated Vickers GO or
    • 1× manually-operated .303 Browning for observer
  • Bombs: 1× 18 in (457 mm) torpedo

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... The radial engine is an internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders point outward from a central crankshaft like the spokes on a wheel. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... The Hispano Suiza 20 mm cannon was one of the most widely used aircraft weapons of the 20th century, used by British, American, French, and many other military services. ... The RP-3 (for Rocket Projectile 3), was a British air to ground rocket used in the Second World War. ... Vickers Gas Operated Type Machine gun Nationality UK Era History Date of design Production period Service duration Operators UK War service Specifications Type Calibre 0. ...

References

  1. ^ Jane, Fred T. “The Bristol 156 Beaufighter.” Jane’s Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. p. 110-111. ISBN 1 85170 493 0.
  • Flintham, V. Air Wars and Aircraft: A Detailed Record of Air Combat, 1945 to the Present. New York: Facts on File, 1990. ISBN 0-81602-356-5.

External link

  • A picture of a Merlin-engined Beaufighter II

Related content

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Designation sequence

Related lists

The Bristol Type 152 Beaufort was a large torpedo bomber designed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company, and developed from the earlier Blenheim light bomber. ... The Douglas A-20 series, Douglas model DB-7, was a family of bomber and fighter aircraft of World War II, serving with United States, British, Soviet, French and Australian services. ... First flown in 1942, the Douglas A-26 Invader (after 1948, the B-26, and after 1966, the A-26A) was a twin-engined light attack bomber aircraft built during World War II and seeing service in both the Korean and Vietnam wars. ... The de Havilland Mosquito (The Wooden Wonder, also known as The Timber Terror) was a British combat aircraft that excelled in a number of roles during the Second World War. ... The Northrop P-61 Black Widow was an all-metal, twin-engine, twin-boom, monoplane night fighter and night intruder aircraft flown by the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. It was the first American aircraft designed specifically as a radar-equipped night fighter. ... The Heinkel He 219 Uhu (Eagle-Owl) was a night fighter serving in the later stages of World War II with the German Luftwaffe. ... The Bristol Type 143 was a twin engined monoplane of advanced design, built in 1935 for Lord Rothermere, the owner of the Daily Mail, as a private aircraft. ... The Bristol Type 142M Blenheim was a high-speed light bomber used extensively in the early days of World War II, built by Bristol Aeroplane Company. ... The Bristol Type 152 Beaufort was a large torpedo bomber designed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company, and developed from the earlier Blenheim light bomber. ... The Bristol Type 142M Blenheim was a high-speed light bomber used extensively in the early days of World War II, built by Bristol Aeroplane Company. ... The Bristol Buckingham was a World War II design for a medium day bomber for the RAF. In 1940, the Bristol Centaurus were working on a project called the Bristol Beaumont, essentially a bomber variant of the Beaufighter. ... The Bristol Type 164 Brigand was the outcome of a 1942 specification (H. 7/42) calling for a faster edition of the Beaufighter for long range torpedo work and anti-shipping strikes. ... Many aircraft types have served in the Royal Air Force since it was formed in 1918 by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bristol Beaufighter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1066 words)
Unlike the Beaufort, the Beaufighter had a long career and served in almost all theatres of war, first as a night fighter, then as a strike fighter, and eventually replaced the Beaufort as a torpedo bomber.
Beaufighters were operated by a variety of other air forces of the British Commonwealth, including the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force and South African Air Force.
Following the war, the Beaufighter was used by the Portuguese Air Force, the air forces of Turkey and the Dominican Republic, and briefly by the Israeli Air Force.
Bristol Beaufighter - Great Britain (1212 words)
Once a Beaufighter had detected a German Bf 110 night bomber, a single short burst from its four cannon was often sufficient to shoot down the enemy.
Beaufighters were used in many theaters of war and for varied duties, performing particularly well in the Western Desert thanks to their long range.
The Beaufighter IF was soon bearing the brunt of the action against German night bombers, weighing up to 20,800 lb., it attained a maximum speed of 323 mph at 15,000 feet, had a range of 1,500 miles at 194 mph, an initial climb rate of 1,850 ft./min., and a service ceiling of 28,900 feet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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