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Encyclopedia > Bristol Aeroplane Company
Bristol Aeroplane Company logo
Bristol Aeroplane Company logo

The Bristol Aeroplane Company (formerly British and Colonial Aeroplane Company) was a major British aircraft company which, in 1959, merged with several major British aircraft companies, to become the British Aircraft Corporation and later still part of British Aerospace, now BAE Systems. Image File history File links Bristol_Aeroplane_Company. ... Image File history File links Bristol_Aeroplane_Company. ... The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, was a British aircraft manufacturer, formed from the forced merger of the Bristol Aeroplane Company, English Electric, Vickers-Armstrong and Hunting Aircraft Company in 1959. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... Systems plc is the worlds fourth largest defence contractor and a commercial aerospace products manufacturer. ...


The BAC works were located in Filton, about 4 miles north of Bristol city centre. Bristol (IPA: brĭstəl) is a city, unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England. ...

Contents


History

The British and Colonial Aeroplane Company began building primitive Bristol Boxkites in a former tram shed at Filton in 1910. A few years later, during the First World War, the more advanced Bristol Fighter was in mass production for the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), later the Royal Air Force (RAF). In 1910 the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company (later known as the Bristol Aeroplane Company) built an improved version of a Henri Farman biplane, which became known as the Bristol Boxkite. ... A Philadelphia PCC trolley car in 1965 Volkswagen Cargo-Tram in Dresden on a section of grassed track. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Bristol Fighter may refer to: The Bristol F.2 Fighter aircraft; The Bristol Fighter car made by Bristol Cars. ... The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the over-land air arm of the British military during most of World War I. Origin and Early History Formed by Royal Warrant on May 13, 1912, the RFC superseded the Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


In 1920, BCAC became The Bristol Aeroplane Company. A major product during the interwar years was the Bristol Bulldog. General History The Bristol Bulldog was a Royal Air Force (RAF) single-seat biplane fighter designed during the 1920s by the Bristol Aeroplane Company, with over three hundred Bulldogs produced, that arguably became the most famous aircraft during the RAFs inter-war period. ...


Later the Company became famous for the production of two military aircraft that were used by the RAF and Commonwealth units in the Second World War; the Bristol Blenheim light bomber and the Bristol Beaufighter heavy fighter. The Bristol Type 142M Blenheim was a high-speed light bomber used extensively in the early days of World War II, built by Bristol Aeroplane Company. ... A Hercules-powered Bristol Beaufighter Mk. ...


By the end of the Second World War, the Filton site was one of the largest aviation complexes in the world, certainly in Europe. In 1946, with surplus capacity left from wartime expansion, the company started an offshoot, Bristol Cars, using pre-war BMW designs as the basis for a new car, the Bristol 400. The car company became independent in 1960, around the same time as the consolidation the British aircraft industry, but is still based at the Filton site. Pre-fabricated buildings and composite materials were also early post-war activities, but these were eventually sold off. Bristol Cars is a manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars, based at Filton, near Bristol, England. ... BMW AG (an abbreviation of Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, or in English, Bavarian Motor Works), is a German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ... The Arnolt Bristol sports car was the result of a fortuitous international collaboration involving Germans, Englishmen, Italians and an American. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...


Bristol was involved in the post war renaissance of British civilian aircraft as inspired by the Brabazon Committee report. In 1949, the Bristol Brabazon airliner prototype, at the time one of the largest aircraft in the world, first flew. The Brabazon airliner project was a step in the wrong direction and ultimately cancelled in 1953. At the same time the Bristol Britannia turboprop-powered airliner proved a success and it and Bristol Freighter transport aircraft were produced in quantity during the 1950s. Bristol was involved in helicopter development with the Bristol Belvedere and Bristol Sycamore helicopters going into quantity production. The whole of the helicopter side was later transferred to Westland Aircraft. In 1942, during World War II, the United States and the United Kingdom agreed to split responsibility for aircraft construction; the US would concentrate on transport aircraft while the UK would concentrate on their heavy bombers. ... The Bristol Type 167 Brabazon was a huge airliner designed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company to fly transatlantic routes from the UK to the United States. ... The Bristol Type 175 Britannia was a medium/long-range airliner built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1952 to fly a number of air routes across the British Empire. ... The Bristol Freighter (Bristol Type 170) was a twin engined cargo aircraft built by Bristol designed to carry motor cars as well as their owners. ... // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... The Bristol Type 192 Belvedere is a twin-engined, twin-rotor helicopter designed for a variety of transport roles including troop transport, supply dropping and casualty evacuation. ... Categories: Stub | British military utility aircraft 1940-1949 | Helicopters ... Westland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer located in Yeovil in Somerset, formed just before the start of World War II. During the war the company produced a number of generally unsuccessful designs, but their Lysander would serve as an important liaison aircraft with the RAF. After the war the...


Another post-war activity was missile development, culminating in the production of the Bristol Bloodhound anti-aircraft missile. The guided weapons division eventually became part of Matra BAe Dynamics Alenia (MBDA). A missile (CE pronunciation: ; AmE: ) is, in general, a projectile—that is, something thrown or otherwise propelled. ... Bloodhound Mk 2 Type SAM Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform Fixed installation Target High altitude bomber History Builder Bristol Aeroplane Co. ... MBDA is a European arms company which manufactures missiles and is the result of the 2002 merger of Aérospatiale-Matra Missiles (of EADS), Alenia Marconi Systems missile divisions and Matra BAe Dynamics. ...


In the late 50's the Company undertook supersonic transport (SST) project studies, which were later to contribute to Concorde. The Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde supersonic transport (SST) was one of only two models of supersonic passenger airliners to have seen commercial service. ...


In 1959 BAC was forced to merge with English Electric, Hunting Aircraft and Vickers-Armstrongs to form the British Aircraft Corporation, later itself to merge with the remaining large British aircraft companies to become British Aerospace, now BAE Systems. English Electric was a 20th century British industrial manufacturer with a base in electric motors that expanded to include railway locomotives and aviation before eventual inclusion as part of GEC. // History The English Electric Company was formed in 1918 and, during that year and 1919, acquired control of Dick, Kerr... Hunting Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer, primarily producing light training aircraft. ... The Vickers corporation, founded as the Vickers company in 1828, was a British manufacturer, primarily of military equipment. ... The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, was a British aircraft manufacturer, formed from the forced merger of the Bristol Aeroplane Company, English Electric, Vickers-Armstrong and Hunting Aircraft Company in 1959. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... Systems plc is the worlds fourth largest defence contractor and a commercial aerospace products manufacturer. ...


A research aircraft, the Bristol 188, was constructed in the 1950s to test the feasibilty of stainless steel as a material in a Mach 2.0 airframe. By the time the aircraft flew in 1962, the Company was already part of the British Aircraft Corporation. Like many aircraft designed from British aircraft companies in the period just before and after the second world war, the Bristol 188 was far in advance of its time. ...


Bristol Engine Company

The Bristol Engine Company was originally a separate entity, Cosmos Engineering, in turn formed from the pre-First World War automobile company, Brazil-Straker. In 1917 Cosmos was asked to investigate air-cooled radial engines, producing the Bristol Mercury, a 14 cylinder two-row (helical) radial, which they launched in 1918. This engine saw little use, but a smaller and simpler 9 cylinder version known as the Bristol Jupiter was clearly a winning design. Cosmos Engineering was a company that manufactured aeroengines in a factory in Fishponds, Bristol during WW1. ... Radial engine of a biplane. ... Bristol Mercury engine The Mercury was a 9 cylinder one_row radial aircraft engine that was developed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1925, as their Bristol Jupiter was reaching the end of its lifespan. ... Bristol Jupiter engine The Bristol Jupiter was a British 9-cylinder one-row piston radial engine used in the 1930s and 1940s aircraft. ...


With the post-war rapid contraction of military orders Cosmos Engineering went bankrupt, and the Air Ministry let it be known that it would be a good idea if the Bristol Aeroplane Company purchased them. The Jupiter competed with the Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar through the 1920s, but Bristol put more effort into their design, and by 1929, the Jupiter was clearly superior. In the 1930s they developed a new line of radials based on the sleeve valve principle, which would develop into some of the most powerful piston engines in the world, and could continue to be sold into the 1950s. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... The Air Ministry was formerly a department of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1918 with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the (then newly formed) Royal Air Force. ... Sleeve valves are a way of building valves for piston engines that have a number of advantages over the more common poppet valve, used in most engines, as well as disadvantages that have precluded their widespread adoption. ...


In 1956 the division was renamed Bristol Aero Engines, and then merged with Armstrong Siddeley in 1958 to form Bristol Siddeley as a counterpart of the airframe-producing company mergers that formed BAC. In 1966 Bristol Siddeley merged with Rolls-Royce, leaving only one major aero-engine company in England, Rolls-Royce plc. The Armstrong-Siddeley automobiles (and later aircraft engines) were an English marque manufactured from 1919 (after the company was formed in 1917 by a merger between two Coventry_based companies, Armstrong-Whitworth and Siddeley-Deasy) to 1960. ... Bristol Siddeley was a UK aero-engine manufacturer formed in 1959 from the merger of Bristol Aero Engines and Armstrong-Siddeley. ... The Rolls Royce logo Rolls-Royce is a set of several companies, all deriving from the British automobile and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls in 1906. ... Rolls-Royce plc (LSE: RR.) (also known as Rolls-Royce Aero Engines) is the second-largest aircraft engine maker in the world, behind General Electrics GE Aircraft Engines division. ...


Bristol Aeroplanes

UK Ministry of Defence Bristol Britannia makes a visit to the maker's factory at Filton (Bristol, England) in 1983. As a civil airliner it had flown for BOAC, British Eagle and Air Spain.
UK Ministry of Defence Bristol Britannia makes a visit to the maker's factory at Filton (Bristol, England) in 1983. As a civil airliner it had flown for BOAC, British Eagle and Air Spain.
The Bristol Type 192 Belvedere twin-blade helicopter. The Belvedere was a twin rotor helicopter designed to meet a requirement by the Royal Air Force for a general purpose land-based helicopter. Twenty six were built.
The Bristol Type 192 Belvedere twin-blade helicopter. The Belvedere was a twin rotor helicopter designed to meet a requirement by the Royal Air Force for a general purpose land-based helicopter. Twenty six were built.

Bristol Aeroplane designs include: UK Ministry of Defence Bristol Brittania XX367 (previously G-AOVM) makes a courtesy visit to the makers factory at Filton (Bristol, England) in 1983. ... UK Ministry of Defence Bristol Brittania XX367 (previously G-AOVM) makes a courtesy visit to the makers factory at Filton (Bristol, England) in 1983. ... Belvedere helicopter at Filton, Bristol, England. ... Belvedere helicopter at Filton, Bristol, England. ...


pre WWI types:

WWI types: In 1910 the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company (later known as the Bristol Aeroplane Company) built an improved version of a Henri Farman biplane, which became known as the Bristol Boxkite. ...

inter-war: Based on a Frank Barnwell pre-WW1 racing plane, the Bristol Scout was one of the first fighter aircraft to be produced in quantity for the Royal Flying Corps. ... The Bristol F.2 Fighter was a two-seat biplane fighter and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War flown by the Royal Flying Corps. ...

WWII types: General History The Bristol Bulldog was a Royal Air Force (RAF) single-seat biplane fighter designed during the 1920s by the Bristol Aeroplane Company, with over three hundred Bulldogs produced, that arguably became the most famous aircraft during the RAFs inter-war period. ... The Bristol Bombay was a medium bomber and troop transport aircraft flown by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. ... The Bristol Type 143 was a twin engined monoplane of advanced design, built in 1935 for Lord Rothermere, the owner of the Daily Mail, as a private aircraft. ... The Bristol Type 142M Blenheim was a high-speed light bomber used extensively in the early days of World War II, built by Bristol Aeroplane Company. ...

post-war types: The Bristol Type 152 Beaufort was a large torpedo bomber designed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company, and developed from the earlier Blenheim light bomber. ... A Hercules-powered Bristol Beaufighter Mk. ... The Bristol Type 142M Blenheim was a high-speed light bomber used extensively in the early days of World War II, built by Bristol Aeroplane Company. ... The Bristol Type 164 Brigand was the outcome of a 1942 specification (H. 7/42) calling for a faster edition of the Beaufighter for long range torpedo work and anti-shipping strikes. ... The Bristol Buckingham was a World War II design for a medium day bomber for the RAF. In 1940, the Bristol Centaurus were working on a project called the Bristol Beaumont, essentially a bomber variant of the Beaufighter. ... The Bristol type 166 Buckmaster was an advanced trainer aircraft of the Royal Air Force. ...

helicopters: The Bristol Type 167 Brabazon was a huge airliner designed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company to fly transatlantic routes from the UK to the United States. ... The Bristol Freighter (Bristol Type 170) was a twin engined cargo aircraft built by Bristol designed to carry motor cars as well as their owners. ... The Bristol Type 175 Britannia was a medium/long-range airliner built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1952 to fly a number of air routes across the British Empire. ... Like many aircraft designed from British aircraft companies in the period just before and after the second world war, the Bristol 188 was far in advance of its time. ...

The Bristol Type 192 Belvedere is a twin-engined, twin-rotor helicopter designed for a variety of transport roles including troop transport, supply dropping and casualty evacuation. ... Categories: Stub | British military utility aircraft 1940-1949 | Helicopters ...

Bristol Engines

Bristol Engine designs include:


original series:

sleeve-valve series: Bristol Jupiter engine The Bristol Jupiter was a British 9-cylinder one-row piston radial engine used in the 1930s and 1940s aircraft. ... Bristol Mercury engine The Mercury was a 9 cylinder one_row radial aircraft engine that was developed by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1925, as their Bristol Jupiter was reaching the end of its lifespan. ... Bristol Pegasus piston engine The Pegasus was a 9 cylinder one_row radial aircraft engine designed as the follow-on to the Bristol Aeroplane Companys very successful Bristol Jupiter, following lessons learned in the Mercury effort. ... The Phoenix was an adaptation of the Bristol Aeroplane Companys Pegasus engine, adapted to run on the Diesel cycle. ...

turbine-based types: Bristol Perseus engine The Perseus was a nine cylinder one_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1932. ... The Aquila was a 9-cylinder one-row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1934. ... Bristol Taurus engine The Taurus was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine, produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1936. ... Bristol Hercules engine The Hercules was a 14_cylinder two_row radial aircraft engine produced by the Bristol Engine Company starting in 1939. ... Bristol Centaurus engine The Centaurus was the ultimate development of Bristol Engine Companys series of sleeve valve radial aircraft engines, a massive 18_cylinder two_row design that eventually delivered over 3,000 hp (2. ...

ramjet types: Bristol Theseus engine Theseus was the Bristol Aeroplane Companys first attempt at a gas-turbine engine design, a turboprop that delivered just over 2,000 hp (1,500 kW). ... Bristol Proteus engine The Proteus was the Bristol Aeroplane Companys first successful gas-turbine engine design, a turboprop that delivered just over 4,000 hp (3,000 kW). ... Rolls-Royce Olympus 593 The Olympus is a high-powered axial-flow turbojet, originally developed at Bristol Aero Engines, later passed to Bristol Siddeley, and finally to Rolls-Royce. ... The Bristol Orpheus was a single spool turbojet developed by Bristol Aero Engines for various light fighter/trainer applications such as the Gnat and the Fiat G91Y. Later, the Orpheus formed the core of the first Pegasus vectored thrust turbofan. ... The Bristol Orion aeroengine was a 2 shaft turboprop intended for later marks of the Bristol Britannia and Canadair CL-44. ... Rolls-Royce Pegasus The Rolls Royce Pegasus is a turbofan engine manufactured by Rolls-Royce plc. ...

The Bristol Thor was a 16 diameter ramjet engine developed by Bristol Aero Engines (later Bristol Siddeley Engines) for the Bloodhound anti-aircraft missile. ...

Bristol Missiles

Bristol missile designs include:

  • Blue Envoy - project only, never entered production
  • Bloodhound
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Bloodhound Mk 2 Type SAM Nationality UK Era Cold War Launch platform Fixed installation Target High altitude bomber History Builder Bristol Aeroplane Co. ...

External links

  • The Bristol Aeroplane Company (the founder's family's website)
  • Bristol Aircraft and Engines
  • Bristol Aircraft Engines


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: // Piston engines Allison V-1710 Alvis Alcides Alvis Leonides Alvis Maenoides Alvis Pelides Armstrong Siddeley Leopard Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar Armstrong Siddeley Panther Armstrong Siddeley Mongoose Armstrong-Siddeley Puma Armstrong-Siddeley Cheetah Armstrong-Siddeley Nimbus Beardmore Bentley BR1 Rotary BMW 132 BMW 139 BMW 801 Bramo 323... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation (by continents and country). ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bristol Cars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (953 words)
Bristols built today are the same in major details as any from the past 30 years or more.
Although Bristol saloons provide "dignified express travel for 4 six foot persons and their luggage", efficient packaging means that a Bristol Blenheim is narrower than a Ford Mondeo and shorter than all competing cars.
Morgan and Bristol have a lot in common; traditional to the point of antiquated companies and vehicles, although Morgan's are sportier and less practical.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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