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Encyclopedia > Brine shrimp
Brine shrimp

Artemia salina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Branchiopoda
Order: Anostraca
Family: Artemiidae
Grochowski, 1896
Genus: Artemia
Leach, 1819
Species

Artemia franciscana
Artemia gracilis
Artemia monica
Artemia parartemia
Artemia parthenogenetica
Artemia persimilis
Artemia pollicaris
Artemia salina
Artemia sinica
Artemia tibetiana
Artemia tunesiana
Artemia urmiana External link The Official Sea Monkey Website What are they? Categories: Animal stubs ... Brine shrimp (artemia salina). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... Subclasses and Orders Subclass Sarsostraca Order Anostraca (fairy shrimp) Subclass Phyllopoda Order Notostraca (tadpole shrimp) Superorder Diplostraca Order Cladocera (water fleas) Order Conchostraca (clam shrimps) Suborder Laevicaudata Suborder Spinicaudata Suborder Cyclestherida Branchiopoda is a group of primitive and primarily fresh water crustaceans, mostly resembling shrimp. ... Families Artemiidae Grochowski, 1896 Branchinectidae Daday, 1910 Branchipodidae Simon, 1886 Chirocephalidae Daday, 1910 Polyartemiidae Simon, 1886 Streptocephalidae Daday, 1910 Thamnocephalidae Simon, 1886 Fairy shrimp (Anostraca) are branchiopods that include brine shrimp. ... William Elford Leach FRS (February 2, 1790 - August 26, 1836) was an English zoologist and marine biologist. ...

Brine shrimp are species of aquatic crustaceans of the genus Artemia, the only genus in the family Artemiidae of the order Anostraca (fairy shrimp, not closely related to true shrimp). Brine Shrimp have existed since the Triassic period of the Earth's existence, and have evolved little since. They are found worldwide in saltwater, though not in oceans. Artemia is a well known genus as one variety, sometimes identified as a new species, Artemia nyos, or otherwise as simply a cultivated subspecies of Artemia salina, is sold as novelty gifts, most commonly under the marketing name Sea-Monkeys. For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... External link The Official Sea Monkey Website What are they? Categories: Animal stubs ...


Artemia were first discovered in Lymington, England, in 1755. There are mixed views on whether all brine shrimp are part of one species or whether the varieties that have been identified are properly classified as separate species [citation needed]. Cobbled streets in Lymington town centre. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Brine shrimp eggs are metabolically inactive and can remain in total stasis for several years while in dry oxygen-free below freezing. This characteristic is called cryptobiosis meaning "hidden life" (also called diapause). Once placed in water, the cyst-like eggs hatch within a few hours, and will grow to a mature length of around one cm on average. Brine shrimp have a biological life cycle of one year. This short life span, and other characteristics such as their ability to remain dormant for long periods, have made them invaluable in scientific research, including space experiments. Cryptobiosis is an ametabolic state of life entered by some lower organisms in response to adverse environmental conditions such as desiccation, freezing, and oxygen deficiency. ... Embryonic diapause, in mammals is a condition where pre-implantation blastocysts are maintained in a state of dormancy, often due to environmental cues, until such time as the environment improves. ... A cyst (soft c, rhymes with list) is a closed sac having a distinct membrane and develosion on the nearby tissue. ... In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ... A life cycle is a period involving one generation of an organism through means of reproduction, whether through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction. ... Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer space, both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft. ...


Brine shrimp can tolerate varying levels of salinity, and a common biology experiment in school is to investigate the effect of salinity levels on the growth of these creatures. They have a rudimentary nervous/spinal system, which leads researchers to believe that they may be used in experiments without concern for animal ethics. Annual mean sea surface salinity for the World Ocean. ...


The nutritional properties of newly hatched brine shrimp make them particularly suitable to be sold as aquarium food as they are high in lipids and unsaturated fatty acids (but low in calcium). These nutritional benefits are likely to be one reason that brine shrimp are found only in highly salinated waters, with reasonable temperatures, as these areas are uninhabitable for potential predators. “Aquaria” redirects here. ... A polyunsaturated triglyceride. ... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ... General Name, Symbol, Number calcium, Ca, 20 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 40. ...


The nauplii, or larvae, of brine shrimp are less than 0.5mm when they first hatch. They eat micro-algae, but will also eat yeast, wheat flour, soybean powder, or egg yolk [1]. The nauplius larva of a prawn A nauplius is the larva of many kinds of crustaceans. ...


Artemia monica, the variety commonly known as Mono Lake brine shrimp, are found only in Mono Lake, Mono County, California. In 1987, Dr. Dennis D. Murphy from Stanford University petitioned the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to add Artemia monica to the endangered species list under the Endangered Species Act 1973. Despite there being trillions of these creatures in Mono Lake, it was felt that rising levels of salinity and sodium hydroxide concentration of the lake would endanger them because of the increase in pH. However, the US Fish and Wildlife Service reported in the Federal Register on 7 September 1995 that this brine shrimp did not warrant listing after the threat to the lake was removed following a revised policy by the California State Water Resources Control Board [2]. Mono Lake is an alkaline and hypersaline lake in California, United States that is a critical nesting habitat for several bird species and is one of the most productive ecosystems in North America[citation needed]. // Satellite photo of Mono Lake Mono Craters to the right of the image are rhyolitic... Mono County is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of California, to east of the Sierra Nevada between Yosemite National Park and Nevada. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... “Stanford” redirects here. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Annual mean sea surface salinity for the World Ocean. ... Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye or caustic soda or sodium hydrate, is a caustic metallic base. ... The correct title of this article is . ... The Federal Register contains most routine publications and public notices of United States government agencies. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


References

  1. ^ Artemia (brine shrimp) FAQ 1.1. Portland State University (1995-06-13).
  2. ^ United States Fish and Wildlife Service (1995). Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding for a Petition to List the Mono Lake Brine Shrimp as Endangered. Federal Register 60 (173): 46571–46572. 
  • "Genus Artemia", The Taxonomicon & Systema Naturae 2000 (listings of taxonomy and scientific classification)
  • "Artemia franciscana" Invertebrate Anatomy Online
  • "Brine Shrimp and Ecology of Great Salt Lake", United States Geological Survey

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brine shrimp - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (484 words)
There are mixed views on whether all brine shrimp are part of one species or whether the varieties that have been identified are properly classified as separate species.
Brine shrimp can tolerate varying levels of salinity, and a common biology experiment in school is to investigate the effect of salinity levels on the growth of these creatures.
The nutritional properties of newly hatched brine shrimp make them particularly suitable to be sold as aquarium food as they are high in lipids and unsaturated fatty acids (but low in calcium).
Brine Shrimp (910 words)
Brine shrimp, also called fairy shrimp and sea monkeys in some contexts, are tiny but important organisms found in salt ponds and saline lakes.
Brine shrimp eggs can lie in the desert for 10 years or more, waiting for the right environment, and then spring into life to start their life cycle again.
Brine shrimp can be studied as part of a food chain and can be used to demonstrate life cycle.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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