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Encyclopedia > Brijuni

Brijuni, Brioni or Brioni Islands are a group of twelve small islands in the Northern Adriatic Sea, off the west coast of the Istrian peninsula in Croatia. The Brioni Islands are separated from the Pula on the peninsula by the narrow Fažana Strait (Italian Canale di Fasana, German Strasse von Fasana). The largest island is Veli Brijun (Brion) at 5.6 km² and lies 2 km off the coast. The Brioni Islands are a famous for its scenic beauty; The islands are a holiday resort and a Croatian National Park. A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... Coat of arms Istria (Istra, pronounced in Croatian and Slovenian; Istria, pronounced in Italian, Istrien, pronounced in German) is the biggest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Pula (Croatian, Istriot and German Pula, Italian Pola, Slovenian Pulj) is the largest city in Istria, Croatia, at the southern tip of that peninsula, with a population of 59,080 (2005). ... Fažana (Italian: Fasana) is a town and municipality in Croatia, a small port and fishermens centre in the south-western part of the western Istrian coast in the Fazana Strait, 8 km northwest of Pula. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ...


History

The Brioni Islands had some Ancient Roman settlements, but up to the late 19th century the islands were mainly used for their quarries, which have been worked on for centuries. The islands belonged to Venice from the middle ages, and stone from the islands was used to build the palaces and bridges of the city. The islands were part of Napoleon's Illyrian Provinces after Napoleon's brief annexation. Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venexia) , the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice in Italy. ... Illyrian Provinces (French Provinces illyriennes) were formed in 1809 when Austria ceded with the Treaty of Schoenbrunn its lands Carinthia, Carniola, Croatia southwest of the river Sava, Gorizia and Trieste to France after the defeat at the Battle of Wagram. ...


In 1815 the islands became part of the Austrian Empire, which later became Austria-Hungary. During this period the islands' quarries first supplied stone to Vienna and Berlin. With the erection of a naval base in the harbour of Pula, the Austrians erected a strong fortress on Brioni Island, together with minor fortifications on some of the others. The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown Austrian Emperor, formerly Crown Holy Roman Emperor The Austrian Empire is the name of Austria during the time from 1804 - 1867. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Vienna (German: Wien ; Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian: Beč, Czech: Vídeň, Hungarian: Bécs, Romanian: Viena, Romani: Bech or Vidnya, Russian: Вена, Slovak: Viedeň, Slovenian: Dunaj) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... For other uses, see Berlin (disambiguation). ... Pula (Croatian, Istriot and German Pula, Italian Pola, Slovenian Pulj) is the largest city in Istria, Croatia, at the southern tip of that peninsula, with a population of 59,080 (2005). ...


The Austro-Hungarian Navy abandoned the fortress and in 1893 the Viennese business magnate Paul Kupelwieser bought the whole archipelago and created an exclusive beach resort. The Austro-Hungarian Navy was the naval force of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Viennese language is an East Central Austro-Bavarian dialect spoken mostly in the Austrian capital of Vienna. ...


The estate was supplemented with first class hotels, restaurants, beach resorts, a casino and a yacht harbor and became a focal point in social life on the Austrian Riviera. Kupelwieser also established a sailing regatta, a golf course and due to the flourish of Austrian Culture various music concert and literature events. The islands became popular as a vacation for the Viennese upper class and were visited by members of the Imerial family and wealthy European elites and aristocrats. The Austrian Riviera (German Österreichische Riviera, Italian Riviera Austriaca) is a description for the coastal strip of former Austrian Littoral, a Habsburg crown land which, until the end of World War I in 1918, ran along the northeastern Adriatic Coast. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


In 1918 after World War I Brioni became part of Italy and got separated from it's Austrian hinterland. Karl Kupelwieser, the son of the founder of the estate tried to maintain the former splendor but after the economic crisis following Black Friday, the estate went bankrupt and Karl committed suicide. By 1930 the islands were acquired by the Italian state. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total of dead: 8 million Military dead: 4 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total dead: 7 million The First... In history there have been a number of events that happened on a Friday and are thus known as Black Friday: Black Friday (1869) - a financial crisis in the United States Black Friday (1912) - WSPU took militant action when the Conciliation Bill failed. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


In 1945 after World War II Brijuni became part of Yugoslavia and communist state leader Josip Broz Tito made Brijuni Islands his personal State Summer Residence. Slovene architect Jože Plečnik designed a pavillion for Tito. Almost 100 foreign heads of state visited Tito on his islands, along with film stars including Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Sophia Loren, Carlo Ponti, and Gina Lollobrigida. Tito died in 1980, and by 1983 the islands were declared a National Park of Yugoslavia. 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, Југославија in Serbian and Macedonian Cyrillic) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... Portrait of Tito by Paja Jovanović Tito redirects here. ... Jože Plečnik, (born January 23, 1872 in Ljubljana, Austro-Hungary (now Slovenia), died January 7, 1957 in Ljubljana) was a famous Slovene architect who practiced in Vienna, Belgrade, Prague and Ljubljana. ... Elizabeth Taylor in 1948 Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE (born February 27, 1932) is an iconic two-time Academy Award-winning actress. ... Richard Burton in the movie Cleopatra (1963) Richard Burton CBE (November 10, 1925 – August 5, 1984) was a Welsh actor. ... Loren in De Sica’s Two Women, 1960 Alfred Eisenstaedts portrait of Sophia Loren, September 16, 1966. ... Carlo Ponti (born December 11, 1912, Magenta, Italy) is an Italian film producer. ... Gina Lollobrigida (born on July 4, 1927) is an Italian actress who was born Luigina Lollobrigida in Subiaco, Italy in the Lazioregion. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, Југославија in Serbian and Macedonian Cyrillic) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ...


In 1991 Croatia gained independence and made Brijuni Islands an International Conference Center (See: the Brioni Agreement). Four hotels on Veli Brijun were re-opened, as well as a Safari Park, which holds animals given to Tito. The International Polo Tournament, dating back to Karl Kupelwieser's Austro-Italian Brioni in 1924, has been re-continued since 2004. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Brioni Agreement is a document signed on the Brioni (Brijuni) islands (near Pula, Croatia) on July 7th 1991 by representatives of the Republic of Slovenia and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia under the political sponsorship of the European Community. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Other

The Italian clothing company Brioni is named after the Italian spelling for the islands. Brioni logo High-fashion clothing company Brioni was founded in 1945 by master tailor Nazareno Fonticoli and fashion designer Gaetano Savini. ...


External links

  • The Brijuni National Park
  • The Brijuni Polo Classic

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brijuni :: Croatia (274 words)
Boats to Brijuni leave from the port of Fažana on a regular basis.
Brijuni islands consist of 14 islands and islets covering an area of 7.42 km2.
Brijuni became President Tito's favorite residence in which he entertained and met many of the world leaders of the time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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