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Encyclopedia > Brighton College

Coordinates: 50°49′14″N, 0°07′20″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Brighton College
Motto ΤΟ Δ’ΕΥ ΝΙΚΑΤΩ
(Let right prevail)
Established 1845
Type Public School
Headmaster Richard Cairns MA Oxon
Chairman of the Governors Professor Lord Robert Skidelsky
Founder William Aldwin Soames
Location Brighton
East Sussex
England Flag of England
Staff 100 (approx.)
Students 711 (ages 13 - 18)
Gender Co-educational
Ages 3 to 18
Houses 10
Former pupils Old Brightonians
Website www.brightoncollege.org.uk

Brighton College is an independent co-educational public school in Brighton, United Kingdom. The current headmaster is Mr Richard J. Cairns. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Right Honourable Robert Jacob Alexander Skidelsky, Baron Skidelsky (born 1939 in Harbin, China) is a British economist of Russian origin, author of a major biography in three volumes of John Maynard Keynes. ... Brighton is located on the south coast of England, and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton and Hove. ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... The following are notable old boys and girls of Brighton College, or Old Brightonians. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Brighton is located on the south coast of England, and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton and Hove. ...

Contents

History

Founded in 1845 by William Aldwin Soames, who collected a group of like-minded local citizens to join him in the task (especially Edward Cornford, a solicitor), Brighton College was the first of the public schools to be founded in Sussex. Sussex is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ...


Location

The school occupies a large site in the east of the city, facing south onto Eastern Road. It is immediately to the east of the site of the former Kemptown railway station, across Sutherland Road. A railway station, no longer extant, in the city of Brighton, East Sussex, England, UK. The station was named after the area it was located in, Kemptown, which in turn took its name from Kemp Town, a 19th century housing development in the area, approximately 2 miles to the east...


Buildings

The school's principal buildings are in the gothic revival style by Sir George Gilbert Scott RA (flint with Caen stone dressings, 1848–66). Later buildings were designed by his pupil and former student at the College Sir Thomas Graham Jackson RA (brick and flint with cream and pink terracotta dressings, 1883–87; flint with clipsham stone dressings 1922–23). The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 – March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals. ... The Bridge of Sighs at Oxford Sir Thomas Graham Jackson RA (1835–1924) was one of the most distinguished English architects of his generation. ...


Notable developments

The school occupied a significant niche in the development of English secondary education during the nineteenth century. Notable accomplishments include: Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

  • The use of individual classrooms for teaching small groups
  • Being an early pioneer in teaching both modern languages and science
  • Inventing the school magazine (1852)
  • Building the first school gymnasium (1859)
  • Erecting the first purpose-built science laboratory (1871)

A university classroom with permanently-installed desk-chairs and green chalkboards. ...

Victorian school culture

The school's own evolution also questions the "traditional" account of how the Victorian public schools developed at Brighton. For example the school initially had a ban on the use of corporal punishment — until 1851. The school captain was elected by universal suffrage among the entire pupil body until 1878, when a prefectorial system was also introduced. Sporting games remained voluntary until 1902 (and team members had chosen their own captain and awarded colours to their outstanding players until 1878). Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Corporal punishment is forced pain intended to change a persons behaviour or to punish them. ...


Charitable tax status: campaigns to change the law

Brighton College was involved in fighting legal battles to secure the charitable tax status currently enjoyed by certain non profit-making educational organisations. A legal case between the school and Inland Revenue from 1916-26 produced a series of changes to tax law in the 1918 Income Tax Act, the 1921 and 1922 Finance Acts and, above all, section 24 of the 1927 Finance Act. The case (Brighton College v Marriott) went to the High Court (June 1924, 40 T.L.R. 763-5), the Court of Appeal (November 1924, 1 KB 312) and ultimately the House of Lords (November 1925, AC 192-204). A charitable trust is a trust organized to serve private or public charitable purposes. ... The Inland Revenue was, until April 2005, a department of the British Government responsible for the collection of direct taxation, including income tax, national insurance contributions, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, corporation tax, petroleum revenue tax and stamp duty. ...


Additional information

The school is unique among English public schools in having a Greek motto: ΤΟ Δ’ΕΥ ΝΙΚΑΤΩ. From Aeschylus' Agamemnon, it means "Let Right Prevail". The only other HMC school with a motto in Greek is Edinburgh Academy, founded in 1824. This article is about the ancient Greek playwright. ... The Oresteia is a trilogy of tragedies about the end of the curse on the House of Atreus, written by Aeschylus. ... The Headmasters and Headmistresses Conference (HMC) is an association of the headmasters or headmistressess of 242 leading day and boarding independent boys and coeducational schools in the United Kingdom, Crown dependencies and the Republic of Ireland. ... The Edinburgh Academy is an independent school. ...


The chapel is unusual amongst British school chapels because George Bell, Bishop of Chichester created the school grounds as an ecclesiastical district outside the parish of St. Matthew's, and the school chapel holds an episcopal licence to perform weddings for its residents, after banns; no archiepiscopal licence is required. George Antonio Bell Mathey (born October 21, 1959, San Pedro de Macorís, Dominican Republic) was a Major League Baseball player. ... Arms of the Bishop of Chichester The Bishop of Chichester is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chichester in the Province of Canterbury. ...


The school's Combined Cadet Force (CCF) is among the tiny handful to carry colours — both a regimental and a king's colour. Both were presented by Sir Berry Cusack-Smith in the 1920s. The Combined Cadet Force (CCF) is a Ministry of Defence sponsored youth organisation in the United Kingdom. ...


Current fees stand at £23,000 p.a for full time boarders.


Principals and Headmasters

  • Rev. William Sinclair (1845)
  • Rev. Arthur Macleane (1846)
  • Rev. Henry Cotterill (1851)
  • Rev. Dr. John Griffith (1856)
  • Rev. Dr. Charles Bigg (1871)
  • Rev. Thomas Hayes Belcher (1881)
  • Rev. Robert Chambers (1892)
  • Rev. Arthur Titherington (1895)
  • Rev. Canon William Dawson (1906)
  • Rev. Arthur Belcher (1933)
  • Christopher Scott (1937)
  • Walter Hett (1939)
  • Arthur Stuart-Clark (1944)
  • Roland Lester (1950) (acting)
  • William Stewart (1950)
  • Henry Christie (1963)
  • William Blackshaw (1971)
  • John Leach (1987)
  • Dr. Anthony Seldon (1997)
  • Simon Smith (2005) (acting)
  • Richard Cairns (2006)

The title of Principal was changed to Headmaster in December 1885.[1]. The requirement of a clerical headmaster was removed in 1909.[2] Dr Anthony F. Seldon MA, PhD, FRSA, MBA, FRHisS is a political commentator best known as Tony Blairs biographer and the Master of Wellington College. ... Headmaster of Brighton College since January 2006. ...


Notable Alumni

The following are notable old boys and girls of Brighton College, or Old Brightonians. ...

Southern Railway School's Class

The School lent its name to the sixteenth steam locomotive (Engine 915) in the Southern Railway's Class V of which there were 40.This Class was also known as the Schools Class because all 40 of the class were named after prominent English public schools. 'Brighton', as it was called, was built in 1933.The locomotive bearing the School's name was withdrawn in the early 1960s. Great Western Railway No. ... Below is a list of Richard Maunsells SR Class V Schools locomotives. ... A London and South Western Railway weight restriction sign on a bridge across the Tarka Trail (formerly the Barnstaple to Great Torrington railway) at Instow, North Devon. ... The SR Class V or Schools Class is a class of steam locomotive designed by Richard Maunsell for the Southern Railway. ... Below is a list of Richard Maunsells SR Class V Schools locomotives. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


References

  • G. P. Burstow, "Documents relating to the Early History of Brighton College", The Sussex County Magazine, October 1951 and August 1952.
  • G. P. Burstow & M. B. Whittaker (ed. Sir Sydney Roberts), "A History of Brighton College." (Brighton, 1957).
  • Martin D. W. Jones, "A Short History of Brighton College." (Brighton College, 1986).
  • Martin D. W. Jones, "Brighton College 1845-1995." (Phillimore, Chichester, 1995) [ISBN 0-85033-978-2].
  • Martin D. W. Jones, "Brighton College v Marriott: Schools, charity law and taxation.", History of Education, 12 no.2 (1983).
  • Martin D. W. Jones, "Gothic Enriched: Thomas Jackson's Mural Tablets at Brighton College Chapel.", Church Monuments, VI (1991).
  • Martin D. W. Jones, "Edmund Scott & Brighton College Chapel: a lost work rediscovered.", Sussex Archaeological Collections, 135 (1997).
  • H. J. Mathews (ed.), "Brighton College Register, Part 1, 1847-1863." (Farncombe, Brighton, 1886).
  • E. K. Milliken (ed.), "Brighton College Register 1847-1922." (Brighton, 1922).
  • Anon., "Brighton College War Record 1914-1919." (Farncombe, Brighton, 1920). Compiled by Walter Hett.

External links

  • Official website
  • Alumni website
  • Brighton College's own list of alumni
  • College makes Mandarin compulsory

References and notes

  1. ^ Jones, Martin (1995). Brighton College 1845-1995. Chichester: Phillimore, p.67. ISBN 0-85033-978-2. 
  2. ^ Jones (1995), p.212

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