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Encyclopedia > Bridgewater, Nova Scotia
Bridgewater, Nova Scotia
Location of Bridgewater, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°37′N 64°52′W / 44.617, -64.867
Country Flag of Canada Canada
Province Flag of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia
Municipality Lunenburg County
Founded 1812
Incorporated February 13, 1899
Government
 - Mayor Carroll Publicover
 - Governing Body Bridgewater Town Council
 - COA Ken Smith
Area
 - Town 13.61 km²  (5.3 sq mi)
Elevation 22.11 m (73 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Town 7,944
 - Density 583.7/km² (1,511.8/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal code B4V
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 212, 298, 521, 523, 527, 529, 530, 541, 543, 553
Median Earnings* $44,228
*Median household income, 2000 ($) (all households)
Part of a series about
Places in Nova Scotia
Website: http://www.bridgewater.ca/

Bridgewater (2006 population 7,944; 44.37° N 64.52° W) is a town in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia, Canada, at the navigable limit of the LaHave River. It is the largest town in the South Shore region. While the majority of the South Shore's economy is based upon the tourist trade, Bridgewater is more a commercial and industrial centre and attracts far fewer visitors. One of the primary employers is a Michelin tire plant. Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nova_Scotia. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English, Canadian Gaelic Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... Lunenburg County is a county located on the South Shore of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ken Smith (b. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Atlantic Standard Time Zone (AST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Nova Scotia - 76 FSAs Categories: Canada Post ... Area code 902 is the telephone area code in the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, encompassing the whole of both provinces. ... A telephone operator manually connecting calls with patch cables at a telephone switchboard. ... Communities of the Province of Nova Scotia, Canada As designated by the Union of Nova Scotia Municipalities. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Lunenburg County is a county located on the South Shore of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... The LaHave River is a 97 km river in Nova Scotia running from its source in Annapolis County to the Atlantic Ocean. ... The South Shore is a region of Nova Scotia Canada. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ...


While most smaller centres in Nova Scotia have experienced economic and population declines in the last 30 years, Bridgewater is one of the few that has been able to remain vibrant and attract new residents. The town's population increased from 6,619 in 1986 to 7,944 in 2006. It was the fastest growing location in Nova Scotia greater than 5,000 people between the period 2001 and 2006. A spate of recent commercial and residential developments in the town will likely see the population increase to well over 8,000 by the 2011 census.

Contents

History

Founding

The first European settlers of the town came from the nearby settlements of Lunenburg and LaHave, constructing the first house in 1812 on the west bank of the river (although the first house in what is now the town was built before 1803). The town was founded in 1899, shortly after suffering a fire which devastated the entire downtown area. For much of the 20th century, the town's economy depended on forestry and a large wood mill in the center of town, as well as the Nova Scotia Central Railway and later the Halifax and Southwestern Railway, for which the town acted as a central hub for the South Shore region. After the wood mill closed, a period of bust followed until a new Michelin plant opened within town limits in the early 1970s, providing employment for some 1,000 people. The abandoned passenger train station burnt to the ground in the early 1980s. Freight rail service continued to the town until the early 1990s when it was abandoned and the tracks removed. The rail yard on the east bank of the LaHave River is now occupied by the Bridgewater Mall and various retail businesses. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Lunenburg is the name of several places: Lunenburg, Nova Scotia (town), Canada Lunenburg, Nova Scotia (municipal district), Canada Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia, Canada Lunenburg, Germany (aka Lüneburg) Lunenburg, Arkansas, United States of America Lunenburg, Massachusetts, United States of America Lunenburg, Vermont, United States of America Lunenburg, Virginia, United States... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... The Halifax and Southwestern Railway (H&SW) was a historic Canadian railway operating in the province of Nova Scotia. ... The Halifax and Southwestern Railway (H&SW) was a historic Canadian railway operating in the province of Nova Scotia. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ...


Recent History

Since the 1990s, the town has tried to come up with solutions for problems that have crippled other areas of the Maritime provinces: economic decline and the outmigration of its younger population. Michelin remains the town's largest employer by far and has helped to stem any economic decline, but the town seems unable to keep its younger population, with many moving away to obtain a university education and never returning. To counterbalance this, the town is now marketing itself as a retirement destination not only for older citizens from the area, but also for residents of near-by Halifax Regional Municipality. There has also been migration from Europe to the town and surrounding areas, as well as from Halifax, where Bridgewater is increasingly seen as a remote suburb rather than an entirely disconnected town. Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ... Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Nova Scotia Established April 1, 1996 Government  - Type Regional Municipality  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs List of MPs Alexa McDonough Geoff Regan Michael Savage Peter Stoffer (Bill Casey) (Gerald Keddy) (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The main commercial district continues to be the Bridgewater Mall, located along the LaHave River. However, it has been impacted by the new Wal-Mart development. The Bridgewater mall located in the southern area of the town is currently filling in the vacancy left behind when two tenants left for the new development. The South Shore Mall, located in the northern part of the town, once home to a movie theater, a grocery store, a department store and clothing shops, has been completely abandoned and is slated for demolition. One of the town's major goals has been to keep businesses in the historic King St. shopping district (located across the river from the Bridgewater Mall), although many areas tend to be a "revolving door" for new small businesses.


Geography and Demographics

Town of Bridgewater
Population by year [2]
1981 6,669 -
1986 6,619 -0.8%
1991 7,248 9.5%
1996 7,351 1.4%
2001 7,621 3.7%
2006 7,944 4.2%

Bridgewater is split in two by the LaHave River, with the majority of the town's land area situated on the western bank of the river. The town spans the LaHave River Valley and is dominated by hills that lead down to the river. Elevation ranges from 5 metres above sea level (at the river), to nearly 110 m at the highest point at the Old Towne Golf Course on the southwestern limit of the town. The surrounding area is characterized by rolling drumlins formed during the last glacial period, some of which reach 150 m above sea level. There are also several streams which empty into the river. The LaHave River is traversed by two bridges in the centre of the town, and a 103 highway overpass and a foot bridge (formerly a railway crossing) towards the northern limits. Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The LaHave River is a 97 km river in Nova Scotia running from its source in Annapolis County to the Atlantic Ocean. ...


The western bank of the river was the area first developed more than 200 years ago. Today it remains the most heavily populated part of the town and is home to the Bridgewater Industrial Park (where Michelin is located) and most other civic amenities. The eastern bank of the river was home, for many years, to a large lumber yard and train station. This area developed rapidly in the last quarter of the 20th century with the arrival of the Bridgewater Mall and a large subdivision. Today, this area remains the commercial heart of the town and the centre of population growth. Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ...


As of the 2006 Census, the median age of the town was 44.3 years, more than two years older than the population of Nova Scotia in general (41.8 years). 20.0% of the population was under 19 years of age (compared to 22.8% in Nova Scotia as a whole), while 20.0% was over age 65 (versus 15.1%). According to the 2001 Census, English was the primary language of nearly 96% of the population, while 98.8% of the population was Caucasian. In 2006, 53.3% of the population was female, a figure nearly two percent higher than the province as a whole. As can be gleaned from the above information, the town is aging very rapidly, even more so than the province as a whole. The median age increased by 3 years in just a 5 year span (compared to 2.5 years in Nova Scotia as a whole), while the under age-19 group as a percentage of the entire population dropped by 2.5% and the over age-65 segment increased by 1.6%. [3]


Attractions

Bridgewater has grown more recently than its older more established neighbours such as Lunenburg and Mahone Bay. Tourist attractions include the Wile Carding Mill and the DesBrisay Museum. The South Shore Exhibition, also known as the Big Ex one of Nova Scotia's largest agricultural fairs, is held during the last week of July every year, attracts some 50,000 people. The town is also the boyhood home of actor Donald Sutherland, as well as NHL player Glen Murray. Lunenburg waterfront Lunenburg waterfront (as viewed from a hotel) Lunenburg ( ) is a small town on the South Shore of Nova Scotia, Canada approximately 90 kilometres southwest of Halifax, on the Atlantic coast. ... Mahone Bay (44. ... The Wile Carding Mill is a defunct carding mill in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia that was owned and operated by the Wile family from 1860 to 1968. ... The DesBrisay Museum is a museum showcasing the history of the town of Bridgewater, Nova Scotia and the surrounding area, including its inhabitants and architecture. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “NHL” redirects here. ... For other people, see Glen Murray Glen Murray (Born: November 1, 1972 in Halifax, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian-born hockey player in the NHL with the Boston Bruins. ...


Notables

External links

References

  1. ^ [1]

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