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Encyclopedia > Bribe Payers Index

Bribe Payers Index (BPI) is a measure of how willing a nation appears to comply with demands for corrupt business practices. The first BPI was published by Transparency International on October 26, 1999. Transparency International (TI) is an international organisation addressing corruption, including, but not limited to, political corruption. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


The BPI 2006


The BPI is a ranking of 30 of the leading exporting countries according to the propensity of firms with headquarters within their borders to bribe when operating abroad. It is based on the responses of 11,232 business executives from companies in 125 countries to two questions about the business practices of foreign firms operating in their country, as part of the World Economic Forum’s Executive Opinion Survey 2006.[1] To assess the international supply-side of bribery, executives are asked about the propensity of foreign firms that do the most business in their country to pay bribes or to make undocumented extra payments. The survey is anonymous. Map of amount of exports per country This is a list of countries by exports, mostly based on The World Factbook [1] accessed in February 2006. ... Bribery is the practice of offering a professional money or other favours in order to circumvent ethics in a variety of professions. ... While Executive officer literally refers to a person responsible for the performance of duties involved in running an organization, the exact meaning of the role is highly variable, depending on the organization. ... The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Geneva-based foundation whose annual meeting of top business leaders, national political leaders (presidents, prime ministers and others), and selected intellectuals and journalists is usually held in Davos, Switzerland. ...

The questions on which the BPI is based first ask respondents to identify the country of origin of foreign-owned companies doing the most business in their country. Respondents are then asked:

Bribe Payers Index
In your experience, to what extent do firms from the countries you have selected make undocumented extra payments or bribes?
Bribe Payers Index

Respondents are asked to answer on a scale of 1 (bribes are common) to 7 (bribes never occur). In calculating the BPI, the answers are converted to a score between 0 and 10, and the ranking reflects the average score. Image File history File links Cquote1. ... Image File history File links Cquote2. ...

The 30 economies ranked in the BPI are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.

These countries are among the leading international or regional exporting countries, whose combined global exports represented 82 percent of the world total in 2005.[2] While most of the countries in the survey are OECD members, membership was not a selection criterion. Thus, OECD countries such as Denmark and Norway are not part of the list, while non-OECD countries like India, Israel, Singapore and South Africa, for instance, are included. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ...

The Ranking

Rank Country/ territory Average score (0-10) Percentage of global exports (2005) Ratification of OECD convention Ratification of UNCAC
1 Switzerland 7.81 1.2 Yes No
2 Sweden 7.81 1.2 Yes No
3 Australia 7.59 1.0 Yes Yes
4 Austria 7.50 0.5 Yes Yes
5 Canada 7.46 3.5 Yes No
6 UK 7.39 3.6 Yes Yes
7 Germany 7.34 9.5 Yes No
8 Netherlands 7.28 3.4 Yes No
9-10 Belgium 7.22 3.3 Yes No
9-10 US 7.22 8.9 Yes No
11 Japan 7.10 5.8 Yes No
12 Singapore 6.78 2.2 No No
13 Spain 6.63 1.9 Yes Yes
14 UAE 6.62 1.1 No No
15 France 6.50 4.3 Yes Yes
16 Portugal 6.47 0.3 Yes No
17 Mexico 6.45 2.1 Yes Yes
18-19 Hong Kong 6.01 2.8 No Yes[3]
18-19 Israel 6.01 0.4 No No
20 Italy 5.94 3.6 Yes No
21 South Korea 5.83 2.8 Yes No
22 Saudi Arabia 5.75 1.8 No No
23 Brazil 5.65 1.2 Yes Yes
24 South Africa 5.61 0.5 No Yes
25 Malaysia 5.59 1.4 No No
26 Taiwan 5.41 1.9 No No[4]
27 Turkey 5.23 0.7 Yes Yes
28 Russia 5.16 2.4 No Yes
29 China 4.94 5.5 No Yes
30 India 4.62 0.9 Yes Yes

The United Nations Convention against Corruption was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly by resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003. ... United States may refer to: Places: United States of America SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. ... UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ...


  1. ^ The WEF is responsible for the overall coordination of the survey and the data quality control process, but relies on a network of partner institutes to carry out the survey locally. WEF’s local partners include economics departments of national universities, independent research institutes, and / or business organisations.
  2. ^ Source: IMF, international finance statistics, 2005 figures. Available at: http://ifs.apdi.net/imf/output/93B496BD-DCF8-41F8-B0F5-31C7A0A0793C/IFS_Table_36789.701535.xls
  3. ^ Hong Kong is a territory of China and covered under UNCAC
  4. ^ Taiwan is not a UN member

The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...


  • Bribe Payers Index (BPI) 2006 Analysis Report



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