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Encyclopedia > Brian Eno
Brian Eno
Brian Eno at The Long Now Foundation, June 26, 2006.
Background information
Also known as Brian Peter George St. John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno
Born 15 May 1948 (1948-05-15) (age 60)
Origin Woodbridge, Suffolk, England
Genre(s) Experimental rock, art rock, glam rock, electronic, ambient
Occupation(s) Producer, musician
Instrument(s) Synthesizer
Keyboards
Vocals
Guitar
Years active 1970 – present
Label(s) EG
Astralwerks
Thirsty Ear
Associated acts Roxy Music
Robert Fripp
King Crimson
David Bowie
Talking Heads
David Byrne
Kevin Ayers
Harmonia
Portsmouth Sinfonia
Phil Manzanera
John Cale
Nico
Daniel Lanois
Harold Budd
Michael Brook
Laurie Anderson
Jon Hassell
Laraaji
Jah Wobble
U2
James
Devo
Television
801
Ultravox
Quiet Sun
Coldplay
Depeche Mode
Primal Scream
Paul Simon
Website http://www.enoshop.co.uk/

Brian Peter George St. John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno[1] (pronounced /ˈiːnoʊ/) (born on 15 May 1948, in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England), is an English musician, singer, music theorist and record producer. As a solo artist, he is best known as the father of modern ambient music. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1347x1518, 585 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Brian Eno Talk:Brian Eno User:Bungopolis ... The Long Now Foundation was established in 1996. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map sources for Woodbridge at grid reference TM2649 Woodbridge is a town in Suffolk, East Anglia, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Experimental rock or Avant rock is a type of art music based on rock and roll which experiments with the basic elements of the genre, and/or which pushes the boundaries of common composition and performance technique. ... Art rock is a term used to describe a subgenre of rock music with experimental or avant-garde influences that emphasizes novel sonic texture. ... Glam rock (also known as glitter rock), is a rock music style that developed in the UK in the post-hippie early 1970s which was performed by singers and musicians wearing outrageous clothes, makeup, hairstyles, and platform-soled boots. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... Synth redirects here. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... E.G. Records was a UK-based artist management company and record label, mostly active during the 1970s and 1980s. ... Astralwerks is an New York based record label which releases primarily electronic music. ... Thirsty Ear Recordings is an American independent record label. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... This article is about the musical group. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... The Talking Heads was an American rock band formed in 1974 in New York City and active until 1991. ... David Byrne (born May 14, 1952 in Dumbarton, Scotland) is a Grammy Award, Academy Award and Golden Globe winning musician best known as a founding member and the principal songwriter of the New Wave band Talking Heads. ... Kevin Ayers (born 16 August 1944 in Herne Bay, Kent) is an English songwriter and major influential force in the early English psychedelic movement. ... Harmonia is a Krautrock supergroup from Germany. ... The Portsmouth Sinfonia was a musical group founded by English composer Gavin Bryars, while teaching at Portsmouth School of Art in the early 1970s. ... Phil Manzanera (born Philip Geoffrey Targett-Adams, 31 January 1951, in London, England), is an English guitarist. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Québec) is a Canadian record producer and singer-songwriter. ... Harold Budd (born May 24, 1936) is an American ambient/avant-garde composer. ... Michael Brook (born 1952 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian guitarist familiar with many disciplines including rock, minimalism and film scores. ... For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ... Not to be confused with The Libertiness bassist John Hassall Jon Hassell (born March 22, 1937, Memphis, Tennessee) is an American musician and trumpet player. ... Born Edward Larry Gordon in 1943 in Philadelphia, he studied violin, piano, trombone and voice in his early years in New Jersey. ... Jah Wobble (born John Wardle, Stepney 1958) is an English bass guitarist, singer, poet and composer. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... James are a rock band from Manchester, England, formed in 1981. ... Devo (pronounced DEE-vo or dee-VO, often spelled DEVO or DEV-O) is an American New Wave group formed in Akron, Ohio in 1972. ... 801 were an English progressive rock band that were originally formed in 1976 for three live concerts by Phil Manzanera (guitars, ex-Roxy Music) Brian Eno (keyboards, synthesizers, guitar, and vocals, ex-Roxy Music) Bill MacCormick (bass and vocals, ex-Quiet Sun, Matching Mole) Francis Monkman (Fender Rhodes piano and... Ultravox were one of the primary exponents of the British electronic pop music movement of the early 1980s. ... Quiet Sun was a UK Canterbury Scene band consisting of Phil Manzanera (guitars), Bill MacCormick (bass), Dave Jarrett (keyboards) and Charles Hayward (drums). ... Coldplay is a British alternative rock band formed in London in 1997. ... Depeche Mode (pronounced ) are an electronic music band formed in 1980, in Basildon, Essex, England. ... For other uses, see Primal Scream (disambiguation). ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map sources for Woodbridge at grid reference TM2649 Woodbridge is a town in Suffolk, East Anglia, England. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ...


With an art school background and inspiration from minimalism, Eno first came to prominence as the keyboard and synthesizer player of the 1970s glam and art rock band Roxy Music. After leaving the group, Eno recorded four highly idiosyncratic and original rock albums, before turning to more abstract soundscapes on records such as Discreet Music (1975) and Ambient 1/Music for Airports (1978). Since then he has made dozens of albums, many with similarly minded collaborators such as Harold Budd, Cluster, John Cale, David Byrne and Robert Fripp. Marie Bashkirtseff, In the Studio, 1881, Dnipropetrovsk State Art Museum, Dnipropetrovsk. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... Synth redirects here. ... Glam rock (also known as glitter rock), is a rock music style that developed in the UK in the post-hippie early 1970s which was performed by singers and musicians wearing outrageous clothes, makeup, hairstyles, and platform-soled boots. ... Art rock is a term used to describe a subgenre of rock music with experimental or avant-garde influences that emphasizes novel sonic texture. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... This article is about the genre. ... Virgin release Discreet Music (1975) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Ambient 1/Music for Airports (1978) is one of Brian Enos first ambient albums. ... Harold Budd (born May 24, 1936) is an American ambient/avant-garde composer. ... Cluster is a German krautrock musical group who influenced the development of new age music and ambient music. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... David Byrne (born May 14, 1952 in Dumbarton, Scotland) is a Grammy Award, Academy Award and Golden Globe winning musician best known as a founding member and the principal songwriter of the New Wave band Talking Heads. ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ...


Eno also became involved in pop music collaborations beginning in the late 1970s, joining David Bowie on his avant-garde Berlin Trilogy and helping to popularise the band Devo and the punk rock-influenced "No Wave" scene. Eno is also notable for introducing the concepts of chance music to pop and rock and roll.[2] Eno's production and songwriting credits include critical and commercial successes by Talking Heads and U2, such as Remain in Light and The Joshua Tree, as well as work with James, Slowdive, Paul Simon and the 2008 Coldplay album Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends. For the music genre, see Pop music. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... The so-called Berlin Trilogy is a series of David Bowie albums recorded in collaboration with Brian Eno. ... Devo (pronounced DEE-vo or dee-VO, often spelled DEVO or DEV-O) is an American New Wave group formed in Akron, Ohio in 1972. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... No Wave was a short-lived but influential music and art scene that thrived briefly in New York City during the late 1970s and early 1980s alongside the punk scene there. ... Aleatoric (or aleatory) music or composition, is music where some element of the composition is left to chance. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... The Talking Heads was an American rock band formed in 1974 in New York City and active until 1991. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... Remain in Light is the fourth album by Talking Heads, released to wide critical acclaim on October 8, 1980 (see 1980 in music). ... For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). ... James are a rock band from Manchester, England, formed in 1981. ... Slowdive // Slowdive were a shoegazing band formed in 1989, lasting until 1995. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Coldplay is a British alternative rock band formed in London in 1997. ...


Eno has pursued several artistic ventures parallel to his music career, including visual art installations, a regular column in the newspaper The Observer and, in collaboration with artist Peter Schmidt, "Oblique Strategies", a deck of cards in which each card contains a phrase or cryptic remark, intended to be drawn randomly, for the purpose of suggesting insights to break a deadlock or dilemma situation. Installation art is a genre of Western contemporary art which came to prominence in the 1970s. ... A Columnist is a journalist who produces a specific form of writing for publication called a column. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... One of the functions of art is to offer a more desirable reality; a model as it were, of another style of existence with its own pace and its own cultural reference. ... Oblique Strategies (subtitled over one hundred worthwhile dilemmas) is a set of published cards created by Brian Eno and Peter Schmidt (artist). ...


Eno recently contributed a chapter to Sound Unbound: Sampling Digital Music and Culture (The MIT Press, 2008) edited by Paul D. Miller a.k.a. DJ Spooky. DJ Spooky, That Subliminal Kid (born Paul D. Miller, 1970), is a Washington DC-born electronic and experimental hip hop musician whose work is often called illbient or trip hop. He is a turntablist and producer. ...

Contents

Education and early musical career

Eno was educated at the St. Joseph's College, Birkfield, Ipswich, [3], Ipswich Art School and the Winchester School of Art, graduating from the latter in 1969. While at art school, he developed an interest in using tape recorders as musical instruments, and he experimented with his first (sometimes improvisational) bands. While at Ipswich, his interest in music was encouraged by one of his teachers, the painter Tom Phillips. Phillips recalls devising "Piano Tennis" with Eno in which, after having amassed a number of second-hand pianos they stripped them and lined them up in a hall striking tennis balls at them. It was through Phillips that Eno became involved in Cornelius Cardew's Scratch Orchestra. The first released recording on which Eno was involved as a musician is the Deutsche Grammophon edition of Cardew's The Great Learning (recorded in February 1971), as one of the many voices to be heard in The Scratch Orchestra's recital of Cardew's The Great Learning Paragraph 7. Another early recording was the soundtrack of Berlin Horse by Malcom Le Grice, a 9:00 min. 2 x 16 mm double projection, released in 1970 and first presented in 1971.[4] For other uses, see Ipswich (disambiguation). ... Winchester School of Art is an art school that is now part of the University of Southampton. ... Sony reel-to-reel tape recorder. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... Tom Phillips CBE (born May 24, 1937) is a British artist. ... Cornelius Cardew (May 7, 1936 – London, December 13, 1981) was an English avant-garde composer, and founder (with Howard Skempton and Michael Parsons) of the Scratch Orchestra, an experimental performing ensemble. ... The Scratch Orchestra was an experimental musical ensemble founded in 1969 by Cornelius Cardew, Michael Parsons and Howard Skempton. ... Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical record label. ...


Roxy Music

Main article: Roxy Music

Eno started his professional musical career in London, as a member of the glam/art-rock band Roxy Music, working with them from 1971 to 1973. As a self-described "non-musician," Eno performed from behind the mixing desk at the band's earliest live shows, where his efforts went far beyond the usual sound balancing of the volume levels: he would alter the sounds by processing the other band members' instruments through his VCS3 synthesizer, tape recorders and other electronic devices, frequently singing backing vocals as well. Eno soon joined the rest of Roxy Music on stage, where his flamboyant costumes became a hallmark of the band's visual appeal. Eno left the group after completing the tour to promote their second album, For Your Pleasure. By Eno's later account, his departure was partially a result of disagreements with Roxy's lead singer and principal songwriter, Bryan Ferry, and partially due to his growing boredom with the life of a touring rock star.[5] Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Glam rock (also known as glitter rock), is a rock music style that developed in the UK in the post-hippie early 1970s which was performed by singers and musicians wearing outrageous clothes, makeup, hairstyles, and platform-soled boots. ... Art rock is a term used to describe a subgenre of rock music with experimental or avant-garde influences that emphasizes novel sonic texture. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... In professional audio, a mixing console, digital mixing console, mixing desk (Brit. ... The VCS 3 (from Voltage Control for Studio with 3 components) is an oscillation effects musical analog synthesiser, initially made in 1969 by EMS. The VCS 3 was smaller and less cumbersome than the Moog Taurus and similar early synthesizers. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Bryan Ferry (born 26 September 1945 in Washington, Tyne and Wear) is an English singer, musician, songwriter and occasional actor famed for his suave visual and vocal style, who came to public prominence in the 1970s as lead vocalist and principal songwriter with Roxy Music, with whom he became well...


In 1992, Eno described his time with Roxy Music as crucial to his career, stating that "as a result of going into a subway station and meeting Andy (saxophonist Andy Mackay), I joined Roxy Music and as a result of that I have a career in music. If I'd walked ten yards further on the platform or missed that train or been in the next carriage, I probably would have been an art teacher now."[6] Andy Mackay (July 23, 1946—) is a British musician, best known as the saxophonist for the group Roxy Music. ...


Solo work

Eno embarked on a solo career almost immediately. Between 1973 and 1977 he created four solo albums of electronically inflected pop songs – Here Come the Warm Jets, Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy), Another Green World and Before and after Science. Tiger Mountain contains the galloping "Third Uncle", one of Eno's best-known songs, due in part to its later being covered by Bauhaus. Critic Dave Thompson writes that the song is "a near punk attack of riffing guitars and clattering percussion, 'Third Uncle' could, in other hands, be a heavy metal anthem, albeit one whose lyrical content would tongue-tie the most slavish air guitarist."[7] This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Here Come the Warm Jets is (Brian) Enos first solo album, recorded in the space of a few weeks, shortly after he was expelled from Roxy Music by that groups leader, Bryan Ferry. ... Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy) is a 1974 rock album by Brian Eno. ... Another Green World is an album by experimental musician Brian Eno, released in November 1975 (see 1975 in music). ... The Other House by Peter Schmidt Before and after Science is a 1977 album by Brian Eno. ... Bauhaus were an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... It is believed that air guitar possibly originated from early Iron Maiden fans in the late 1970s. ...

Brian Eno pictured on his 1977 album Before and After Science.

All four of his vocal albums were remastered and reissued in 2004 by Virgin's Astralwerks label. Due to Eno's decision not to add any extra tracks of the original material, a handful of tracks originally issued as singles have not been reissued. ("Seven Deadly Finns" and "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" were included on the deleted Eno Vocal Box set and the single mix of "King's Lead Hat" has never been reissued.) Image File history File links Before_and_After_Science. ... Image File history File links Before_and_After_Science. ... The Other House by Peter Schmidt Before and after Science is a 1977 album by Brian Eno. ... Virgin Records was a British recording label founded by English entrepreneur Richard Branson, and Nik Powell in 1972. ... Astralwerks is an New York based record label which releases primarily electronic music. ...


During this period, Eno also toured with Phil Manzanera in the band 801, a "supergroup" that played more or less mutated selections from albums by Eno, Manzanera, and Quiet Sun, as well as covers of songs by The Beatles and The Kinks. Phil Manzanera (born Philip Geoffrey Targett-Adams, 31 January 1951, in London, England), is an English guitarist. ... 801 were an English progressive rock band that were originally formed in 1976 for three live concerts by Phil Manzanera (guitars, ex-Roxy Music) Brian Eno (keyboards, synthesizers, guitar, and vocals, ex-Roxy Music) Bill MacCormick (bass and vocals, ex-Quiet Sun, Matching Mole) Francis Monkman (Fender Rhodes piano and... This article is about the term in rock music. ... Quiet Sun was a UK Canterbury Scene band consisting of Phil Manzanera (guitars), Bill MacCormick (bass), Dave Jarrett (keyboards) and Charles Hayward (drums). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Kinks were an English rock group formed in 1963 by lead singer-songwriter Ray Davies, his brother, lead guitarist and vocalist Dave Davies, and bassist Pete Quaife. ...


In 1972, Eno developed a tape-delay system first utilized by Eno and Robert Fripp (from King Crimson), coined as 'Frippertronics', and the pair released an album in 1973 called Fripp & Eno (No Pussyfooting). It is said the technique was borrowed from minimalist composer Terry Riley, whose tape delay feedback system with a pair of Revox tape recorders (a setup Riley used to call the "Time Lag Accumulator") was first used on Riley's album Music for The Gift in 1963. [8] In 1975, Fripp and Eno released a second album, Evening Star, and also played several live shows in Europe. Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... This article is about the musical group. ... Frippertronics is a system of tape loops developed by composer Brian Eno with guitarist Robert Fripp. ... Fripp & Eno (No Pussyfooting) is a 1973 (see 1973 in music) album by the British musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ... Terry Riley – (Portrait by Betty Freeman) Terry Riley (born 24 June 1935) is an American composer associated with the minimalist school. ... Evening Star may be: Venus as a brilliant Evening Star as seen near the cresent moon The planet Venus BR 92220 Evening Star, a BR standard class 9F locomotive and the last steam locomotive to be built by British Railways. ...


Eno was a prominent member of the performance art-classical orchestra the Portsmouth Sinfonia - having started playing with them in 1972. In 1973 he produced the orchestra's first album The Portsmouth Sinfonia Plays the Popular Classics (released in March 1974) and in 1974 he produced the live album Hallellujah! The Portsmouth Sinfonia Live At The Royal Albert Hall of their infamous May 1974 concert (released in October 1974.) In addition to producing both albums, Eno performed in the orchestra on both recordings - playing the clarinet. Eno also deployed the orchestra's famously dissonant string section on his second solo album Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy). The orchestra at this time included other musicians whose solo work he would subsequently release on his Obscure label including Gavin Bryars and Michael Nyman. That year he also composed music for the album Lady June's Linguistic Leprosy, with Kevin Ayers, to accompany the poet June Campbell Cramer. The Portsmouth Sinfonia was a musical group founded by English composer Gavin Bryars, while teaching at Portsmouth School of Art in the early 1970s. ... Infamy, from INFAMIA, the Latin antonym of Fama (fame), means: -a negative reputation (but high profile, in modern speech often considered as a form of celebrity), as in crime, immorality, cruelty . ... Richard Gavin Bryars (born 1943) is an English composer and double bassist. ... This article is about the composer/musician Michael Nyman. ... Lady Junes Linguistic Leprosy is a collaboration album between the poet June Campbell Cramer, Kevin Ayers and Brian Eno. ... Kevin Ayers (born 16 August 1944 in Herne Bay, Kent) is an English songwriter and major influential force in the early English psychedelic movement. ...


Eno continued his career by producing a larger number of highly eclectic and increasingly ambient electronic and acoustic albums. He is widely credited with coining the term "ambient music",[9] low-volume music designed to modify one's perception of a surrounding environment. Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ...


His first such work, 1975's Discreet Music, ( again created via an elaborate tape-delay methodology, which Eno diagrammed on the back cover of the LP ), is considered the landmark album of the genre. This was followed by his Ambient series (Music for Airports (Ambient 1), The Plateaux of Mirror (Ambient 2), Day of Radiance (Ambient 3) and On Land (Ambient 4)). Eno was the primary musician on these releases with the exception of Ambient 2 which featured Harold Budd on keyboard, and Ambient 3 where the American composer Laraaji was the sole musician playing the zither and hammered dulcimer with Eno producing. Virgin release Discreet Music (1975) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Ambient 1/Music for Airports (1978) is one of Brian Enos first ambient albums. ... Ambient 2/The Plateaux of Mirror (1980) is an album by ambient musicians Harold Budd and Brian Eno. ... original cover current cover Ambient 3/Day of Radiance (1980) is an album by the American ambient musician Laraaji which was produced by Brian Eno. ... Ambient 4/On Land (released April 1982) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Harold Budd (born May 24, 1936) is an American ambient/avant-garde composer. ... Born Edward Larry Gordon in 1943 in Philadelphia, he studied violin, piano, trombone and voice in his early years in New Jersey. ... Concert zither The zither is a musical string instrument, mainly used in folk music, most commonly in German-speaking Alpine Europe. ... A diatonic hammered dulcimer made by Masterworks The hammered dulcimer is a stringed musical instrument with the strings stretched over a trapezoidal sounding board. ...


In 1981, having returned from Ghana and before On Land, he discovered Miles Davis' 1974 ambient jazz dirge "He Loved Him Madly": "Teo Macero's revolutionary production on that piece seemed to me to have the "spacious" quality I was after, and like "Amarcord", it too became a touchstone to which I returned frequently."[10] Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Get Up With It is an album collecting tracks recorded between 1970 and 1974 by Miles Davis. ... Teo Macero (Born October 30, 1925) is a jazz saxophonist and record producer. ... Amarcord (1973), directed by Federico Fellini, is a semi-autobiographical coming-of-age tale that combines poignancy with bawdy comedy. ...


Eno describes himself as a "non-musician" and coined the term "treatments" to describe his modification of the sound of musical instruments, and to separate his role from that of the traditional instrumentalist. His skill at using "The Studio as a Compositional Tool"[11] (the title of an essay by Eno) led in part to his career as a producer. His methods were recognized at the time (mid-1970s) as unique, so much so that on Genesis's The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway, he is credited with 'Enossification' and on John Cale's Island albums as playing the 'Eno'. Genesis are an English rock band formed in 1967. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ...


Obscure Records label

Eno started the Obscure Records label in Britain in 1975 to release works by lesser-known composers. The first group of three releases included his own composition, Discreet Music, and the now-famous The Sinking of the Titanic (1969) and Jesus' Blood Never Failed Me Yet (1971) by Gavin Bryars. The second side of Discreet Music consisted of several versions of Pachelbel's Canon, the composition which Eno had previously chosen to precede Roxy Music's appearances on stage, to which various algorithmic transformations have been applied, rendering it almost unrecognizable. Side 1 consisted of a tape loop system for generating music from relatively sparse input. These tapes had previously been used as backgrounds in some of his collaborations with Fripp, most notably on Evening Star. Only 10 albums were released on Obscure, including works by John Adams, Michael Nyman, and John Cage. At this time he was also affiliating with artists in the Fluxus movement. Virgin release Discreet Music (1975) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Jesus Blood Never Failed Me Yet is a piece of music composed by Gavin Bryars in 1971. ... Richard Gavin Bryars (born 1943) is an English composer and double bassist. ... The Canon in D major (full German title: Kanon und Gigue in D-Dur für drei Violinen und Basso Continuo or Canon and Gigue in D major for three Violins with Bass Accompaniment) is the most famous piece of music by Johann Pachelbel. ... Tape loops are loops of prerecorded magnetic tape used to create repetitive, rhythmic musical patterns. ... Evening Star (1975) is an album by the British ambient musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ... This article is about the composer/musician Michael Nyman. ... For the Mortal Kombat character, see Johnny Cage. ... Fluxus—a name taken from a Latin word meaning to flow—is an international network of artists, composers and designers noted for blending different artistic media and disciplines in the 1960s. ...


Releases
  • Gavin Bryars, "The Sinking of the Titanic", (Obscure 1, 1975).
  • Christopher Hobbs, John Adams and Gavin Bryars, "Ensemble Pieces", (Obscure 2, 1975).
  • Brian Eno, "Discreet Music", (Obscure 3, 1975).
  • David Toop and Max Eastley, "New and Rediscovered Musical Instruments", (Obscure 4, 1975).
  • Jan Steele and John Cage, "Voices and Instruments', (Obscure 5, 1976).
  • Michael Nyman, "Decay Music", (Obscure 6, 1976).
  • Penguin Cafe Orchestra, "Music from the Penguin Cafe", (Obscure 7, 1976).
  • John White and Gavin Bryars, "Machine Music", (Obscure 8, 1978).
  • Tom Phillips, Gavin Bryars and Fred Orton, "Irma - An Opera", (Obscure 9, 1978).
  • Harold Budd, "The Pavillion of Dreams", (Obscure 10, 1978).

Collaboration

In 1975 Eno performed as the Wolf in a rock version of Sergei Prokofiev's classic Peter and The Wolf. Produced by Robin Lumley and Jack Lancaster, the album featured Gary Moore, Manfred Mann, Phil Collins, Stephane Grapelli, Chris Spedding, Cozy Powell, Jon Hiseman, Bill Bruford and Alvin Lee. In 1980-81 Eno collaborated with David Byrne of Talking Heads (which he had already anagrammatized as 'King's Lead Hat') on My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, which was built around radio broadcasts Eno collected while living in the United States, along with sampling recordings from around the world. He worked with David Bowie as a writer and musician on Bowie's influential 1977-79 'Berlin Trilogy' of albums, Low, "Heroes" and Lodger, on Bowie's later album Outside, and on the song "I'm Afraid of Americans". In 1980 Eno developed an interest in altered guitar tunings, which led to Guitarchitecture discussions with Chuck Hammer, former Lou Reed guitarist. Eno has also collaborated with John Cale, former member of Velvet Underground, on his trilogy Fear, Slow Dazzle and Helen of Troy, Robert Wyatt on his Shleep CD, with Jon Hassell, with the German duo Cluster, with composer Harold Budd and others. According to 'The Wire' magazine (June 2008), a new collaboration between David Byrne and Brian Eno has been recorded but no release date was given. Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Russian: , Sergej Sergejevič Prokofijev; April 27 (April 151 O.S.), 1891–March 5, 1953) was a Russian and Soviet composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. ... 1947 coloring book cover. ... Robin Lumley is a British jazz-fusion musician. ... For the former TV host, see Garry Moore. ... Cock-A-Hoop Manfred Mann was a British R&B and pop band of the 1960s, named after its keyboard player, who later led the successful 1970s follow-on group Manfred Manns Earth Band. ... For other uses, see Phil Collins (disambiguation). ... Stephane Grappelli (January 26, 1908 - December 1, 1997) was a pioneer jazz violinist who founded the quintet of the Quintette du Hot Club de France with Django Reinhardt. ... Christopher John Spedding (born June 17, 1944) is an English rock and roll and jazz guitarist best known for his session work. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Phillip John Jon Hiseman (born June 21, 1944 in Blackheath, London) is an English drummer. ... William Scott Bruford (born May 17, 1949 in Sevenoaks, Kent, England), better known as Bill Bruford, is an influential British drummer who is recognised for his forceful, highly precise, polyrhythmic style. ... Alvin Lee (born December 19, 1944 in Nottingham, England) is an English guitarist. ... David Byrne (born May 14, 1952 in Dumbarton, Scotland) is a Grammy Award, Academy Award and Golden Globe winning musician best known as a founding member and the principal songwriter of the New Wave band Talking Heads. ... The Talking Heads was an American rock band formed in 1974 in New York City and active until 1991. ... David Byrne chronology Remain in Light (1980) My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (1981) The Catherine Wheel (1981) Slip cover of 2006 reissue My Life in the Bush of Ghosts is a 1981 album by Brian Eno and David Byrne, titled after Amos Tutuolas 1954 novel of the... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... The so-called Berlin Trilogy is a series of David Bowie albums recorded in collaboration with Brian Eno. ... Low is a 1977 album by British musician David Bowie. ... Heroes (the quotation marks are part of the title, for reasons of irony)[1] is an album by David Bowie, released in 1977. ... Lodger is a 1979 album by David Bowie. ... Outside is an album first released September 26, 1995 by David Bowie on Virgin Records. ... Im Afraid of Americans is song and single by David Bowie from the 1997 album Earthling. ... Chuck Hammer, a guitarist, guitar synthesist, and digital film composer recorded work with Lou Reed and David Bowie. ... Lou Reed (born March 2, 1942) is an influential American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... The Velvet Underground and Nico (from left to right: John Cale, Nico, Lou Reed, Sterling Morrison, and Maureen Tucker) The Velvet Underground (Affectionately known as The Velvets, or V.U. for short) was an American rock and roll band of the late 1960s. ... Fear is an album by John Cale, his first of three albums for Island Records. ... Slow Dazzle was the fifth album by former Velvet Underground bassist John Cale, released in 1975. ... Helen of Troy is an album by John Cale, the last of three albums for Island Records. ... Robert Wyatt (born Robert Wyatt-Ellidge, 28 January 1945, in Bristol) is an English musician, and a former member of the influential Canterbury scene band Soft Machine. ... Not to be confused with The Libertiness bassist John Hassall Jon Hassell (born March 22, 1937, Memphis, Tennessee) is an American musician and trumpet player. ... Cluster is a German krautrock musical group who influenced the development of new age music and ambient music. ... Harold Budd (born May 24, 1936) is an American ambient/avant-garde composer. ...


1990s

In 1992, Eno released an album featuring heavily syncopated rhythms entitled Nerve Net, with contributions from several former collaborators including Robert Fripp, Benmont Tench, Robert Quine and John Paul Jones. This album was a last-minute substitution for My Squelchy Life, which featured more pop oriented material, with Eno on vocals. (Several tracks from My Squelchy Life later appeared on 1993's retrospective box set Eno Box II: Vocals.) Eno also released in 1992 a work entitled The Shutov Assembly, recorded between 1985 and 1990. This album embraces atonality and abandons most conventional concepts of modes, scales and pitch. Much of the music shifts gradually and without discernible focus, and is one of Eno's most varied ambient collections. Conventional instrumentation is eschewed, save for treated keyboards. Nerve Net is a 1992 music album by the British musician Brian Eno. ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... Benjamin Montmorency Tench III (born September 7, 1953) an American keyboardist, best known as a founding member of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, along with Tom Petty, Mike Campbell and Ron Blair of the current lineup. ... Robert Quine (December 30, 1942 - May 31, 2004), a native of Akron, Ohio, was a guitarist known for his innovative guitar solos. ... John Paul Jones (born John Baldwin on January 3, 1946 in Sidcup, Kent) is an English multi-instrumentalist musician, and was known for being the bassist, the keyboardist and the mandolinist for rock band Led Zeppelin from its inception until the bands breakup following the death of John Bonham... The Shutov Assembly is an album by Brian Eno, released on November 10th, 1992 on Warner_Bros. ...


During the 1990s, Eno became increasingly interested in self-generating musical systems, the results of which he called generative music. The basic premise of generative music is the blending of several independent musical tracks, of varying sounds, length, and in some cases, silence. When each individual track concludes, it starts again mixing with the other tracks allowing the listener to hear an almost infinite combination. In one instance of generative music, Eno calculated that it would take almost 10,000 years to hear the entire possibilities of one individual piece. Eno has presented this music in his own, and other artists, art and sound installations, most notably "I Dormienti (The Sleepers)", "Lightness: Music for the Marble Palace", "Music for Civic Recovery Centre and "Music for Prague". It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into algorithmic music. ... I Dormienti is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 1999. ... Music for Civic Recovery Centre is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 2000. ...


2000s

In 2004, Fripp and Eno recorded another ambient collaboration album, The Equatorial Stars. Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ... The Equatorial Stars is a 2004 album by British ambient musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ...


Eno returned in June 2005 with Another Day on Earth, his first major album since Wrong Way Up (with John Cale) to prominently feature vocals. The album differs from his 70s solo work as musical production has changed since then, evident in its semi-electronic production. Another Day on Earth is an album by Brian Eno, released on June 13th/14th, 2005 on Hannibal Records. ... Wrong Way Up is a 1990 album by Brian Eno & John Cale. ...


In early 2006, Eno collaborated with David Byrne, again, for the reissue of My Life in the Bush of Ghosts in celebration of the influential album's 25th anniversary. Eight previously unreleased tracks, recorded during the initial sessions in 1980/81, were added to the album, while one track, Qu'ran, was removed due to requests from Muslims.[12] An unusual interactive marketing strategy that coincided with its re-release, the album’s promotional website features the ability for anyone to officially and legally download the multi-tracks of two songs from the album, "A Secret Life" and "Help Me Somebody". Individuals can then remix and upload new mixes of these tracks to the website so others can listen to and rate them.


In late 2006, Eno released 77 Million Paintings, a program of generative video and music specifically for the PC. As its title suggests, there is a possible combination of 77 million paintings where the viewer will see different combinations of video slides prepared by Eno each time the program is launched. Likewise, the accompanying music is generated by the program so that it's almost certain the listener will never quite hear the same arrangement twice. The second edition of "77 Million Paintings" featuring improved morphing and a further two layers of sound was released on January 14, 2008. 77 Million Paintings is a software/DVD combination by British musician Brian Eno, released in 2006. ... A stylised illustration of a personal computer A personal computer (PC) is a computer whose original sales price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals, intended to be operated directly by an end user, with no intervening computer operator. ...



In 2007, Eno's music will be featured in a movie adaption of Irvine Welsh's best-selling collection Ecstasy: Three Tales of Chemical Romance. Directed by Rob Heydon Based on the story The Undefeated from Ecstasy: Three Tales of Chemical Romance by Irvine Welsh, a sly, subtle romance between a young woman dissatisfied with the confines of her suburban life and an aging clubgoer. ... Irvine Welsh (born Leith, Edinburgh, September 27, 1958) is an acclaimed contemporary Scottish novelist, most famous for his novel Trainspotting. ...


Producing records and other projects

Record production

From the very beginning of his solo career in 1973, Eno has been much in demand as a producer - though his management now describe him as a "sonic landscaper" rather than a producer. The first album with Eno credited as producer was Lucky Leif and the Longships by Robert Calvert. Eno's lengthy string of producer credits includes albums for Talking Heads, U2, Devo, Ultravox and James. He also produced part of the 1993 album When I Was a Boy by Jane Siberry. He won the best producer award at the 1994 and 1996 BRIT Awards. In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Lucky Leif and the Longships is a 1975 record album by Robert Calvert, and produced by Brian Eno. ... Robert Newton Calvert (9 March 1945 - 14 August 1988) was the lead singer, poet and frontman of Hawkwind intermittently from 1972-1979, who went on to a less successful but intriguing separate career. ... The Talking Heads was an American rock band formed in 1974 in New York City and active until 1991. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... Devo (pronounced DEE-vo or dee-VO, often spelled DEVO or DEV-O) is an American New Wave group formed in Akron, Ohio in 1972. ... Ultravox (formerly Ultravox!) was one of the primary exponents of the British electronic pop music movement of the early 1980s. ... James are a rock band from Manchester, England, formed in 1981. ... When I Was a Boy is a 1993 album by Jane Siberry. ... Jane Siberry (born October 12, 1955 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian singer-songwriter. ... The Brit Awards are the annual United Kingdom pop music awards founded by the British Phonographic Industry. ...


Despite being a self-professed "non-musician", Eno has contributed to recordings by artists as varied as Nico, Robert Calvert, Genesis, David Bowie, Edikanfo, and Zvuki Mu, in various capacities such as use of his studio/synthesizer/electronic treatments, vocals, guitar, bass guitar, and even just as being 'Eno'. In 1984, he (along with several other authors) composed and performed the "Prophecy Theme" for the David Lynch film Dune; the rest of the soundtrack was composed and performed by the group Toto. Eno produced performance artist Laurie Anderson's Bright Red album, and also composed for it. The work is avant-garde spoken word with haunting and magnifying sounds. Eno played on David Byrne's musical score for The Catherine Wheel, a project commissioned by Twyla Tharp to accompany her Broadway dance project of the same name. For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... Robert Newton Calvert (9 March 1945 - 14 August 1988) was the lead singer, poet and frontman of Hawkwind intermittently from 1972-1979, who went on to a less successful but intriguing separate career. ... Genesis are an English rock band formed in 1967. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... Russian rock band founded in Moscow in the early 1980s. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... This article is about the 1984 film. ... Dune is an original soundtrack by Toto for the film of the same name, released in December 1984 (see 1984 in music). ... Toto was a Grammy Award winning American rock band founded in 1976[1] by some of the most popular and experienced session musicians of the era. ... For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ... Bright Red is the title of singer Laurie Andersons sixth album, released by Warner Bros. ... // Tharp in a poster for a performance at the Winter Garden Theatre in New York City. ...


Eno co-produced The Unforgettable Fire (1984), The Joshua Tree (1987), Achtung Baby (1991), and All That You Can't Leave Behind (2000) for U2 with his frequent collaborator Daniel Lanois, and produced 1993's Zooropa for the band alone. In 1995, U2 and Eno joined forces to create the album Original Soundtracks 1 under the group name Passengers. Notable songs from OST1 include "Your Blue Room" and "Miss Sarajevo". For the song of the same name from the album, see The Unforgettable Fire (song). ... For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). ... Singles from Achtung Baby Released: 21 October 1991 Released: 24 November 1991 Released: March 1992 Released: 8 June 1992 Released: August 1992 Achtung Baby is the seventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released on 19 November 1991. ... Singles from All That You Cant Leave Behind Released: October 9, 2000 Released: January 29, 2001 Released: February 20, 2001 Released: June 25, 2001 All That You Cant Leave Behind is the tenth studio album by the Irish rock band U2, released in 2000 by Island Records in... Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Québec) is a Canadian record producer and singer-songwriter. ... Zooropa is the eighth studio album by the Irish rock band U2. ... Original Soundtracks 1 is a 1995 album recorded by U2 and Brian Eno (see 1995 in music). ... Your Blue Room is the third track on the Passengers album, Original Soundtracks 1. ... Miss Sarajevo is the only single from Passengers 1995 album, Original Soundtracks No. ...


Eno also produced Laid (1993), Wah Wah (1994), Millionaires (1999), Pleased To Meet You (2001) for James Laid is the sixth release and fifth studio album by the British alternative rock band James. ... Wah-wah is an imitative word (or onomatopoeia) for the sound of altering the resonance of musical notes to extend expressiveness, sounding much like a human voice saying the syllable wah. ... A millionaire is a person who has a net worth or wealth of more than one million United States dollars, euros, UK pounds or units of a comparably valued currency. ... Eleventh release and eighth studio album from Manchester Indie group, James. ... Look up James in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Eno played on the 1986 album Measure for Measure by Australian band Icehouse. In 1993, he remixed two tracks for Depeche Mode, "I Feel You" and "In Your Room", both single releases from the album Songs of Faith and Devotion. Measure for Measure is the 1986 album by Australian rock band, Icehouse. ... Icehouse is an Australian band, originally billed as Flowers, best known in Australia in the late 1970s Sydney pub scene and later in the early to mid 80s for more mainstream success and radio airplay. ... Depeche Mode (pronounced ) are an electronic music band formed in 1980, in Basildon, Essex, England. ... I Feel You is Depeche Modes twenty-seventh UK single, released on February 15, 1993, and the first single for the then upcoming album Songs of Faith and Devotion. ... Singles from Songs of Faith and Devotion Released: February 15, 1993 Released: April 26, 1993 Released: Septermber 13, 1993 Released: February 10, 1994 Songs of Faith and Devotion is the eighth studio album by Depeche Mode, first released in March 1993. ...


In 2006, he produced Paul Simon's album Surprise. In 2007 he was producing U2's 12th studio album, along with Daniel Lanois, in Morocco, as well as the fourth studio album by Coldplay, titled Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends, which was released to positive reviews in 2008. Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Surprise is an album released in 2006 by Paul Simon. ... Coldplay is a British alternative rock band formed in London in 1997. ...


The Microsoft Sound

In 1994 Eno was approached by Mark Malamud and Erik Gavriluk, senior designers at Microsoft on the Chicago project. The result was the six-second start-up sound for the Windows 95 operating system, commonly called The Microsoft Sound. From an interview with the San Francisco Chronicle:[13] Mark Malamud (born 1960) is the Principal and Manager of busymonster, LLC, a consultancy company focused on advanced user interface and design. ... Erik Gavriluk (born 1971) is a record producer, musician, and software engineer. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... The Microsoft Sound is the name for the default sound that is played when Microsoft Windows starts. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ...

The idea came up at the time when I was completely bereft of ideas. I'd been working on my own music for a while and was quite lost, actually. And I really appreciated someone coming along and saying, "Here's a specific problem – solve it." The thing from the agency said, "We want a piece of music that is inspiring, universal, blah-blah, da-da-da, optimistic, futuristic, sentimental, emotional," this whole list of adjectives, and then at the bottom it said "and it must be 3¼ seconds long." I thought this was so funny and an amazing thought to actually try to make a little piece of music. It's like making a tiny little jewel. In fact, I made 84 pieces. I got completely into this world of tiny, tiny little pieces of music. I was so sensitive to microseconds at the end of this that it really broke a logjam in my own work. Then when I'd finished that and I went back to working with pieces that were like three minutes long, it seemed like oceans of time.

Generative music

He collaborated on the development of SSEYO's Koan generative music system (created by Pete Cole and Tim Cole of intermorphic), which he used to create his hybrid album Generative Music 1. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into algorithmic music. ...


Brian Eno, 1996:

Some very basic forms of generative music have existed for a long time, but as marginal curiosities. Wind chimes are an example, but the only compositional control you have over the music they produce is in the original choice of notes that the chimes will sound. Recently, however, out of the union of synthesisers and computers, some much finer tools have evolved. Koan Software is probably the best of these systems, allowing a composer to control not one but one hundred and fifty musical and sonic parameters within which the computer then improvises (as wind improvises the wind chimes).

The works I have made with this system symbolise to me the beginning of a new era of music. Until 100 years ago, every musical event was unique: music was ephemeral and unrepeatable and even classical scoring couldn't guarantee precise duplication. Then came the gramophone record, which captured particular performances and made it possible to hear them identically over and over again.


But now there are three alternatives: live music, recorded music and generative music. Generative music enjoys some of the benefits of both its ancestors. Like live music it is always different. Like recorded music it is free of time-and-place limitations - you can hear it when and where you want.


I really think it is possible that our grandchildren will look at us in wonder and say: "you mean you used to listen to exactly the same thing over and over again?"

Using the pseudonym CSJ Bofop, 1996:

Each of the twelve pieces on Generative Music 1 has a distinctive character. There are, of course, the ambient works ranging from the dark, almost mournful Densities III (complete with distant bells), to translucent Lysis (Tungsten). These are contrasted with pieces in dramatically different styles, such as Komarek with its hard edged, angular melodies, reminiscent of Schoenberg's early serial experiments, and Klee 42 whose simple polyphony is similar to that of the early Renaissance. But of course, the great beauty of Generative Music is that those pieces will never sound quite that way again.

Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 Arnold Schoenberg (pronounced [ˈaːrnɔlt ˈʃøːnbɛrk]) (13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was an Austrian and later American composer, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. ...

Other work

Eno has also been active in other artistic fields, producing videos for gallery display and collaborating with visual artists in other endeavours. One is the set of "Oblique Strategies" cards that he and artist Peter Schmidt produced in the mid-70s, described as "100 Worthwhile Dilemmas" and intended as guides to shaking up the mind in the process of producing works of art. Another was his collaboration with artist Russell Mills on the book More Dark Than Shark. He was also the provider of music for Robert Sheckley's In the Land of Clear Colours, a narrated story with music originally published by a small art gallery in Spain. Oblique Strategies (subtitled over one hundred worthwhile dilemmas) is a set of published cards created by Brian Eno and Peter Schmidt (artist). ... One of the functions of art is to offer a more desirable reality; a model as it were, of another style of existence with its own pace and its own cultural reference. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Robert Sheckley (July 16, 1928 – December 9, 2005) was an American author. ...


In 1996, Brian Eno and others started the Long Now Foundation to educate the public into thinking about the very long term future of society. He is also a columnist for the British newspaper The Observer. The Long Now Foundation, established in 1996, is a private organization that seeks to become the seed of a very long-term cultural institution. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


In 2003, he appeared on a UK Channel 4 discussion about the Iraq war with a top military spokesman; Eno was highly critical of the war. In 2005, he spoke at an anti-war demonstration in Hyde Park, London. In March 2006, he spoke at an anti-war demonstration at Trafalgar Square; he noted that 2 billion people on this planet do not have clean drinking water, and that water could have been supplied to them for about one-fifth of the cost of the Iraq war. This article is about the British television station. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... “Hyde Park” redirects here. ... Anti war protest in Melbourne, Australia, 2003 Anti_war is a name that is widely adopted by any social movement or person that seeks to end or oppose a future or current war. ... Trafalgar Square viewed from the northeast corner. ...


Eno appeared as Father Brian Eno at the "It's Great Being a Priest!" convention, in "Going to America", the final episode of the television sitcom Father Ted, which originally aired on May 1, 1998 on Channel 4. Going to America is the last ever episode to be aired of Father Ted. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... Father Ted was a popular 1990s television situation comedy set around the lives of three priests on the extremely remote (and completely fictional) Craggy Island off the west coast of Ireland. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Nokia 8800 Sirocco Edition mobile phone features exclusive music composed by Eno.[14] Between January 8, 2007 and February 12, 2007, ten units of Nokia 8800 Sirocco Brian Eno Signature Edition mobile phones, individually numbered and engraved with Eno's signature were auctioned off. All proceeds went to two charities chosen by Eno: the Keiskamma Aids Treatment program and The World Land Trust.[15] This article is about the telecommunications corporation. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


In 2006, Eno was one of more than 100 artists and writers who signed an open letter calling for an international boycott of Israeli political and cultural institutions [16] Boycotts of Israel are a series of economic and political campaigns against the State of Israel in the course of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ...


In 2007, he appeared playing keyboards in Voila, Belinda Carlisle's solo album sung entirely in French. In December that year, the newly-elected Leader of Liberal Democrats, Nick Clegg appointed Eno as his youth affairs adviser.[17] Voila is the seventh proper solo album by Belinda Carlisle, released in February 2007. ... Belinda Carlisle (born on August 17, 1958 in Hollywood, California) is the lead vocalist, and a founding member of the all-female new wave band The Go-Gos, as well as a successful solo artist. ... The Liberal Democrat members elect the United Kingdom Liberal Democrat leader. ... Nicholas William Peter Clegg, known as Nick Clegg, (born 7 January 1967) is the British Member of Parliament for Sheffield Hallam and Liberal Democrat Home Affairs Spokesman. ...


In March 2008 Eno collaborated with the Italian artist Mimmo Paladino on a show of the latter's works with Eno's soundscapes at Ara Pacis in Rome.


Discography

Main article: Brian Eno discography

This page contains a comprehensive collection of information related to recordings by English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer Brian Eno. ...

Bibliography

A Year with Swollen Appendices is a book by Brian Eno. ... I Dormienti is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 1999. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Estrella,Espie Ambient Music, about.com
  2. ^ Prendergast, Mark The Ambient Century, Bloomsbury UK, 2000. ISBN 0747542139
  3. ^ St Joseph's College - Welcome to St Joseph's College
  4. ^ Malcom Le Grice Installation
  5. ^ "Eno Left Roxy Music to do His Laundry"
  6. ^ Prendergast, Mark (2001). The Ambient Century: From Mahler to Trance: The Evolution of Sound in the Electronic Age. Bloomsbury Publishing, p118. ISBN 1582341346. 
  7. ^ All Music review
  8. ^ The Birth of Loop
  9. ^ Prendergast, The Ambient Century: p.93
  10. ^ Ambient 4: On Land 1986 release notes
  11. ^ "Pro Session - The Studio as Compositional Tool"
  12. ^ Dahlen, Chris (2006-07-17). Interview: David Byrne. Pitchfork Media.
  13. ^ "Q and A With Brian Eno"
  14. ^ Nokia Press Release (4 September 2006). "Winds of change"
  15. ^ Nokia Press Release (20 December 2006. "Nokia and Brian Eno pair up for two great causes" ; "Nokia 8800 Sirocco Brian Eno Signature Edition Charity Auction"
  16. ^ Israel boycott may be the way to peace, The Guardian letters, 15 December 2006
  17. ^ Clegg hires Brian Eno as youth adviser

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork, is a Chicago-based daily Internet publication devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, and artist interviews. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Bracewell, Michael Roxy Music: Bryan Ferry, Brian Eno, Art, Ideas, and Fashion (Da Capo Press, 2005) ISBN 0-306-81400-5
  • Eno, Brian, Russell Mills and Rick Poynor More Dark Than Shark (Faber & Faber, 1986, out of print)
  • Eno, Brian A Year with Swollen Appendices: Brian Eno's Diary (Faber & Faber, 1996) ISBN 0-571-17995-9
  • Tamm, Eric Brian Eno: His Music and the Vertical Color of Sound (Da Capo Press, 1995, first published 1989) ISBN 0-306-80649-5 (Full text available at author's website [1])
  • Dayal, 33 1/3 Brian Eno's Another Green World (Continuum 2007) ISBN 978-08264-2786-1

Rick Poynor is a British writer on design, graphic design, typography and visual culture. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Persondata
NAME Eno, Brian
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Eno, Brian Peter George
SHORT DESCRIPTION Producer, musician
DATE OF BIRTH 15 May 1948 (1948-05-15) (age 60)
PLACE OF BIRTH Woodbridge, Suffolk, England
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... KPFA is a listener-sponsored radio station located in Berkeley, California, broadcasting to the San Francisco Bay area on 94. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Here Come the Warm Jets is (Brian) Enos first solo album, recorded in the space of a few weeks, shortly after he was expelled from Roxy Music by that groups leader, Bryan Ferry. ... Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy) is a 1974 rock album by Brian Eno. ... Another Green World is an album by experimental musician Brian Eno, released in November 1975 (see 1975 in music). ... Virgin release Discreet Music (1975) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... The Other House by Peter Schmidt Before and after Science is a 1977 album by Brian Eno. ... Ambient 1/Music for Airports (1978) is one of Brian Enos first ambient albums. ... Music for Films (1978) is one of Brian Enos ambient albums. ... Ambient 4/On Land (released April 1982) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Thursday Afternoon is a 1985 album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno consisting of one 61-minute song of the same name. ... The Shutov Assembly is an album by Brian Eno, released on November 10th, 1992 on Warner_Bros. ... Nerve Net is a 1992 music album by the British musician Brian Eno. ... Neroli is an instrumental album by British musician Brian Eno, released in 1993. ... The Drop is a 1997 album by Brian Eno. ... Another Day on Earth is an album by Brian Eno, released on June 13th/14th, 2005 on Hannibal Records. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... Roxy Music is the debut album by art rock band Roxy Music, and was released in June of 1972. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... Evening Star (1975) is an album by the British ambient musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ... The Equatorial Stars is a 2004 album by British ambient musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ... Cluster is a German krautrock musical group who influenced the development of new age music and ambient music. ... Cluster & Eno (1977) is a collaborative album by the German electronic music group Cluster and British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... After the Heat is a 1978 album by Brian Eno and the members of Cluster, Dieter Moebius and Hans-Joachim Roedelius. ... Begegnungen is an compilation album by Brian Eno, Dieter Moebius, Hans-Joachim Roedelius, and Conny Plank, collecting various album tracks released elsewhere. ... Begegnungen II is a compilation album by Brian Eno, Dieter Moebius, Hans-Joachim Roedelius, and Conny Plank, collecting various album tracks released elsewhere. ... June 1, 1974 is a live album by Kevin Ayers, John Cale, Brian Eno and Nico. ... 801 were an English progressive rock band that were originally formed in 1976 for three live concerts by Phil Manzanera (guitars, ex-Roxy Music) Brian Eno (keyboards, synthesizers, guitar, and vocals, ex-Roxy Music) Bill MacCormick (bass and vocals, ex-Quiet Sun, Matching Mole) Francis Monkman (Fender Rhodes piano and... Ambient 2/The Plateaux of Mirror (1980) is an album by ambient musicians Harold Budd and Brian Eno. ... original cover current cover Ambient 3/Day of Radiance (1980) is an album by the American ambient musician Laraaji which was produced by Brian Eno. ... Fourth World, Vol. ... Dream Theory in Malaya : Fourth World Volume Two is a World music album by Jon Hassell, released in 1981. ... David Byrne chronology Remain in Light (1980) My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (1981) The Catherine Wheel (1981) Slip cover of 2006 reissue My Life in the Bush of Ghosts is a 1981 album by Brian Eno and David Byrne, titled after Amos Tutuolas 1954 novel of the... Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks (1983) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Music For Films Volume 2 is an album by Brian Eno, Daniel Lanois, and Roger Eno. ... The Pearl (1984) is an album by ambient musicians Harold Budd and Brian Eno. ... Hybrid is an album by Michael Brook, produced by Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois. ... Music for Films III is the third entry in Brian Enos Music for Films series. ... Wrong Way Up is a 1990 album by Brian Eno & John Cale. ... Wah-wah is an imitative word (or onomatopoeia) for the sound of altering the resonance of musical notes to extend expressiveness, sounding much like a human voice saying the syllable wah. ... Spinner is an instrumental album by British musicians Brian Eno and Jah Wobble (aka John Wardle), released in 1995. ... Original Soundtracks 1 is a 1995 album recorded by U2 and Brian Eno (see 1995 in music). ... Drawn From Life is a 2001 music album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno and J. Peter Schwalm. ... June 1, 1974 is a live album by Kevin Ayers, John Cale, Brian Eno and Nico. ... More Blank Than Frank/Desert Island Selection is a 1986 compilation of music by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Extracts from Music for White Cube, London 1997 is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 1997. ... I Dormienti is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 1999. ... Kite Stories is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 1999. ... Music for Civic Recovery Centre is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 2000. ... Compact Forest Proposal : 5 Studies for 010101, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 2001 is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in Feb. ... January 07003: Bell Studies for the Clock of the Long Now is an ambient album by British musician Brian Eno, released in 2003. ... 77 Million Paintings is a software/DVD combination by British musician Brian Eno, released in 2006. ... A Year with Swollen Appendices is a book by Brian Eno. ... I Dormienti is an ambient Installation album from British musician Brian Eno, released in 1999. ... This page contains a comprehensive collection of information related to recordings by English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer Brian Eno. ... The Long Now Foundation, established in 1996, is a private organization that seeks to become the seed of a very long-term cultural institution. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... No New York is a compilation album released in 1978) by Antilles Records under the curation of producer Brian Eno. ... Oblique Strategies (subtitled over one hundred worthwhile dilemmas) is a set of published cards created by Brian Eno and Peter Schmidt (artist). ... Robert Sheckley (July 16, 1928 – December 9, 2005) was an American author. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... Bryan Ferry (born 26 September 1945 in Washington, Tyne and Wear) is an English singer, musician, songwriter and occasional actor famed for his suave visual and vocal style, who came to public prominence in the 1970s as lead vocalist and principal songwriter with Roxy Music, with whom he became well... Andy Mackay (July 23, 1946—) is a British musician, best known as the saxophonist for the group Roxy Music. ... Phil Manzanera (born Philip Geoffrey Targett-Adams, 31 January 1951, in London, England), is an English guitarist. ... Paul Thompson was the drummer of Roxy Music from 1971-1980. ... Eddie Jobson is a British keyboardist noted for his use of synthesizers. ... Graham Simpson was a founding member of Roxy Music, and friend of Bryan Ferry - he was part of the band as a bassist when they recorded their first album Roxy Music in 1972. ... Paul Carrack (born April 22, 1951 in Sheffield, England) is an English keyboardist, singer and songwriter. ... Andy Newmark is an American musician, best known as the drummer for influential funk band Sly & the Family Stone from 1973 to 1975. ... Roxy Music is the debut album by art rock band Roxy Music, and was released in June of 1972. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Stranded is the third album by Roxy Music and was released in 1973. ... Country Life is the fourth album by Roxy Music, and was released in 1974. ... Siren is a 1975 album, the fifth released by the British rock band Roxy Music. ... Manifesto is the sixth studio album by Roxy Music and was released in 1979. ... Flesh + Blood is the seventh (studio) album by Roxy Music and was released in May 1980. ... Avalon, released in 1982, was Roxy Musics eighth studio album, recorded in 1982 at Compass Studios in Nassau, Bahamas, it is generally regarded as the culmination of the smoother, more adult-oriented sound of the bands later work. ... Viva! was Roxy Musics first live recorded album, released in August 1976 and was recorded at three venues over a period of two years (1973 to 1975). ... The High Road (album) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Heart Still Beating is the third live album by Roxy Music and was released on October 30, 1990. ... Concert Classics is a live album by Roxy Music. ... Concerto is a live album by Roxy Music. ... More Than This is the name of a song by Roxy Music from the 1982 album Avalon. ... The Thrill of It All is the 4 CD box set by art rock band Roxy Music, released in June 1995. ... Discograpy of the band Roxy Music // Discography Studio albums Roxy Music (1972) For Your Pleasure (1973) Stranded (1973) Country Life (1974) Siren (1975) Manifesto (1979) Flesh and Blood (1980) Avalon (1982) Upcoming album (2007) Live recordings Viva! Roxy Music (1976) The High Road (1983) Heart Still Beating (1990) Concert Classics... Chris Thomas is a respected British record producer who was born on January 13, 1947. ... In the music industry, record producer designates a person responsible for completing a master recording so that it is fit for release. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map sources for Woodbridge at grid reference TM2649 Woodbridge is a town in Suffolk, East Anglia, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

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Brian Eno - Bio | Artists | RYKODISC (778 words)
Eno's role as a founder member of the art rock group Roxy Music, in 1971, can still be regarded as one of the most accomplished debuts in the history of pop.
Eno's audio-visual work shown internationally in venues as prestigious as the Venice Biennale, the Pompidou Centre, the Hayward Gallery, London, White Cube/Jay Jopling and the Marble Palace at the Russian Museum, St. Petersburg makes eloquent the social philosophy which seems to lie at the core of his thinking as an artist.
Eno has spoken in the past of how such environments might become a part of civic architecture, providing space for people to take refuge from their hectic, short-term thinking, rather like public parks for the spirit.
Brian Eno (1948 - ) (1249 words)
Brian Eno, often considered one of Western music's most articulate musicians, producers and musicologists referred to Fela often in interviews dating back to the 70s, placing him in a class by himself.
Brian Eno, who was hanging around the clubs coined the term No-Wave to differentiate it from the up beat pre-packaged New Wave musicians.
Eno's theory of the "discreet music" he called ambient was far from the modern chill-out room: the idea was that it should function at very low volumes, unobtrusively coloring the atmosphere of a room.
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