FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Bretagne" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Bretagne
Région Bretagne
Flag of Brittany
(Région flag) (Region logo)
Location
Map of France highlighting the Region of Brittany
Administration
Capital Rennes
Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian
(PS) (since 2004)
Departments Côtes-d'Armor
Ille-et-Vilaine
Morbihan
Finistère
Arrondissements 15
Cantons 201
Communes 1,268
Statistics
Land area1 27,208 km²
Population (Ranked 7th)
 - January 1, 2006 est. 3,081,000
 - March 8, 1999 census 2,906,197
 - Density (2006) 113/km²
1 French Land Register data, which exclude lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq. mi. or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers
France
Le Diben harbor - Plougasnou (Bretagne)
Le Diben harbor - Plougasnou (Bretagne)
House in Brittany at the Atlantic Coast (north of Morlaix)
House in Brittany at the Atlantic Coast (north of Morlaix)
Bilingual road signs in Quimper (French on top)
Bilingual road signs in Quimper (French on top)
For the ships, see French ship Bretagne.


Bretagne (French pronunciation ; English: Brittany; Breton: Breizh; Gallo: Bertaèyn) is one of the 26 regions of France. It occupies a large peninsula in the northwest of the country, lying between the English Channel to the north and the Bay of Biscay to the south. Its capital city is Rennes. Image File history File links Flag_of_Brittany. ... Image File history File links Logotype_région_Bretagne_fr. ... Image File history File links Map of Bretagne, by Rinaldum. ... Some medieval houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ... In France, the president of the regional council (French: Président du conseil régional) is the elected official who heads the conseil régional of a région, a state-level territory. ... The Socialist Party (French: Parti Socialiste or PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Côtes-dArmor (French) / Aodoù-an-Arvor (Breton) is a département in the north of Brittany, in northwestern France. ... Ille-et-Vilaine is a département of France, located in Brittany (Bretagne in French) in the northwest corner of France. ... Morbihan is a département in the northwest of France named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. ... Flinstones (Penn-ar-Bed in Breton) is a département of France, located in Brittany (Bretagne in French). ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... // The following are ranked lists of French régions. ... Rio de la Plata estuary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Estuaries An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea[1]. Estuaries are often associated with high rates of... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 540 KB) Hafen von Le Diben - Plougasnou - Bretagne (Frankreich) / Le Diben harbor - Plougasnou - Brittany (France); Privataufnahme Georg Mittenecker File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bretagne Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 540 KB) Hafen von Le Diben - Plougasnou - Bretagne (Frankreich) / Le Diben harbor - Plougasnou - Brittany (France); Privataufnahme Georg Mittenecker File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bretagne Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1066 KB) Bretonisches Haus an der Atlantik-Küste (Le Diben / Plougasnou) / House at the Coast of Brittany (Le Diben / Plougasnou); Georg Mittenecker (Privataufnahme) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1066 KB) Bretonisches Haus an der Atlantik-Küste (Le Diben / Plougasnou) / House at the Coast of Brittany (Le Diben / Plougasnou); Georg Mittenecker (Privataufnahme) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1037x1120, 741 KB) Directional road signs, bilingual in French and Breton, in the city of Kemper (Quimper) in Brittany Photo taken by Man vyi with Canon PowerShot A40 on 14/10/2003 File links The following pages link to this file... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1037x1120, 741 KB) Directional road signs, bilingual in French and Breton, in the city of Kemper (Quimper) in Brittany Photo taken by Man vyi with Canon PowerShot A40 on 14/10/2003 File links The following pages link to this file... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... A number of ships of the French Navy have been named in honour of the region of Brittany. ... Image File history File links Fr-Bretagne. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Breton (Breton: Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany (Breizh) in France. ... Gallo is a regional language of France, traditionally spoken in Eastern Brittany. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula (from the latin words paene insula, almost island) is a geographical landform consisting of an extension of a body of land from a larger body of land, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: (IPA: ), the sleeve) is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ... Some medieval houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ...

Contents

Territory

The region of Bretagne is made up of 80% of the former duchy and province of Brittany. The remaining 20% of Brittany is the Loire-Atlantique department which lies inside the Pays-de-la-Loire region, with its capital Nantes, which was the historical capital of the duchy of Brittany. The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Loire-Atlantique (formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department on the west coast of France named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean. ... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Nantes Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Departments Loire-Atlantique Mayenne Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Vendée Arrondissements 17 Cantons 192 Communes 1,503 Statistics Land area1 32,082 km² Population (Ranked 5th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Département Loire-Atlantique (44) Région Pays-de-la-Loire Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault (PS) (since 1989) Intercommunality Urban Community of Nantes City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 65. ... The Duchy of Brittany was an independent state from 841 to 1532. ...


Part of the reason why Brittany was split between two modern day regions was to avoid the rivalry between Rennes and Nantes. Although Nantes had been the main capital of the duchy of Brittany until the 16th century, Rennes had been the seat of the supreme court of justice of Brittany between 1560 and 1789. Rennes had also been the administrative capital of the Intendant of Brittany between 1689 and 1789. Intendances were the most important administrative units of the kingdom of France in the 17th and 18th centuries. As for the provincial states of Brittany, which originally met every two years in a different city of Brittany, they had only met in Rennes from 1728 to 1789 (with only the exceptions of 1730, 1758, and 1760). Despite that, the "Chambre des comptes" stayed in Nantes until 1789. Note that Vannes (Gwened in Breton) used to be the first administrative capital of the duchy from 1381 till the end of the 15th century, keeping the seat of the "Chambre des comptes" till 1491/99, and the one of the "Parlement" till 1553, and between 1675 and 1689. New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. ... In the old city centre Harbour to cathedral Vannes (Breton: Gwened) is a town and commune located in the Morbihan département, in Brittany, in the west of France. ...


Thus, when French regions were created, it was decided in 1941 (when the majority of France was under Nazi German occupation, and the remainder under the puppet Vichy regime) to create a region of Bretagne with Rennes as its capital, and another region created specifically for Nantes, which was called Pays-de-la-Loire (i.e. "lands of the Loire"). Pays-de-la-Loire is made up of a part of Brittany, but also several other historical provinces (Anjou, Maine, and so on). National Socialism redirects here. ... Motto Travail, famille, patrie French: Work, family, fatherland Unoccupied zone of Vichy France (until November 1942) Capital Vichy Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholic Government Dictatorship Head of state  - 1940 — 1944 Philippe Pétain President of the Council  - 1940 — 1942 Philippe Pétain  - 1942 - 1944 Pierre Laval Legislature National Assembly... The Loire River (pronounced in French), the longest river in France with a length of just over 1000 km, drains an area of 117,000 km², more than a fifth of France. ... Anjou is a former county (c. ... Flag of Maine Location of Maine in France Maine is one of the traditional provinces of France. ...


Some people in Brittany complain about the current division of Brittany and would like to see Loire-Atlantique joining the region of Bretagne in order to reunify Brittany. However, reunification raises a couple of questions: first, what to do with the rump Pays-de-la-Loire region, and second, which city should be chosen as the capital of this reunified Bretagne region. Loire-Atlantique (formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department on the west coast of France named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean. ...


Language

Two regional languages are recognized by the region. A regional language is a language spoken in a part of a country - it may be a small area, a federal state or province, or a wider area. ...


Breton, a Celtic language (akin to Cornish and Welsh), is spoken in the western part of Brittany (roughly, west of a boundary from St Brieuc to Vannes). Breton (Breton: Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany (Breizh) in France. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Celtic languages are a branch of the Indo-European languages. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ...


In the part of Brittany which never spoke Breton, Gallo, an Oïl language, is also in the process of being revived, as a cultural trait of that part of Brittany. Gallo is a regional language of France, traditionally spoken in Eastern Brittany. ... The geographical spread of the Oïl languages (except French) can be seen in shades of green in this map The Oïl language family in linguistics comprises Romance languages originating in territories now occupied by northern France, part of Belgium and the Channel Islands. ...


Modern French administration now allows for some Breton or Gallo to be used by the region and its communes, in road signs and names of towns and cities, along with the French version. They are also taught at school, and many folklore associations and clubs try to re-invigorate them.


Transportation

There are several airports in Brittany serving destinations in France and England. TGV train services link the region with cities such as Paris, Lyon, Marseille, and Lille in other regions of France. In addition there are ferry services that take passengers, vehicles and freight to Ireland, England and the Channel Islands. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see transposition of the great vessels. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics... http://www. ... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Nord-Pas de Calais Department Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... This article is about the British dependencies. ...


Major communities

Brest (lol) is a city in Brittany, or the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... Concarneau is a commune of the Finistère département, in France. ... The Château in Fougères A view of the old town in Fougères from the castle Fougères (Felger in Breton, Foujerr in Gallo)is a town, a commune and a sous-préfecture of the Ille-et-Vilaine département in France. ... Lanester is a commune in the département of Morbihan and the Bretagne region of France. ... Lannion (Breton: Lannuon) is a commune of the Côtes-dArmor département, in Brittany, France. ... This article is about The place Lorient in France. ... Ploemeur (Plañvour in Breton) is a commune of the French département of Morbihan in the French région of Bretagne (approximately 80% of Brittany). ... Quimper (Kemper in Breton, Corspotium in Latin) is a commune of Brittany in northwestern France. ... Some medieval houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ... Saint-Brieuc (Breton: Sant-Brieg) is a commune France, situated in Côtes-dArmor and in the Brittany région. ... Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Ille-et-Vilaine ... In the old city centre Harbour to cathedral Vannes (Breton: Gwened) is a town and commune located in the Morbihan département, in Brittany, in the west of France. ...

External links


Coordinates: 48°00′N, 3°00′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Flickr: Photos tagged with bretagne (124 words)
NEW Explore and refine bretagne photos with our brand new clustery goodness!
You can assign up to 75 tags to each photo.
Subscribe to photos tagged with bretagne – Latest
Ligne Bretagne Frequently Asked Questions (1378 words)
Ligne Bretagne pipes have been factory-turned from aged Algerian briar by the professional artisans of Saint Claude, France and use molded vulcanite stems, while Talbert Briars are shaped by hand from extra-extra grade Greek, Italian, and Corsican plateau briar and have handcut stems of acrylic or ebonite rod.
The last key difference between Ligne Bretagne pipes and Talbert Briars is in treatment of the wood - the Ligne Bretagne stummels have been naturally aged for many years and that is the extent of their curing, whereas Talbert Briars receive additional boiling and drying here before finishing.
The success or failure of the Ligne Bretagne pipes over the next few years will determine this - if the pipes don't sell or become more trouble than they are worth for their profit margins, the line will be quietly discontinued and that will be the end of it.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m