FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Brest, France

Coordinates: 48°23′27″N, 4°29′8″W Brest is the name of several cities: City in Belarus: Brest, Belarus, formerly in Russia and the Soviet Union and formerly known as Brest-Litovsk. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Commune of Brest

View of Brest from the castle
Location
Map highlighting the commune of
Coordinates 48°23′27″N, 4°29′8″W
Administration
Country France
Region Bretagne
Department Finistère
(sous-préfecture)
Arrondissement Brest
Canton Chief town of 10 cantons
Intercommunality Brest Métropole Océane
Mayor François Cuillandre
(2008 – 2014)
Statistics
Elevation 0 m–103 m
(avg. 34 m)
Land area¹ 49.51 km²
Population²
(1999)
149,634
 - Density 3,022/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 29019/ 29200
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) only counted once.
France

Brest [bʁest] is a city and commune in the Finistère department and Bretagne region of north-western France. Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... Image File history File links France_jms. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Finistère (Penn-ar-Bed in Breton) is a département of France, located in Brittany (Bretagne in French). ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The arrondissement of Brest is an arrondissement of France, located in the Finistère département, of the Bretagne région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... Finistère (Penn-ar-Bed in Breton) is a département of France, located in Brittany (Bretagne in French). ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Located in a sheltered position not far from the western tip of the Breton peninsula, Brest is an important seaport and naval base. The 1999 census recorded 303,484 inhabitants of the Brest metropolitan area, while the population of the city itself was estimated in 2004 to number some 146,000. Although Brest is by far the largest city in Finistère, the préfecture (capital) of the department is the much smaller commune of Quimper. This article is about the historical kingdom, duchy and French province, as well as one of the Celtic nations. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... Quimper (Kemper in Breton, Corspotium in Latin) is a commune of Brittany in northwestern France. ...

Contents

History

Brest in 1779
Brest in 1779

Nothing definite is known of Brest before about 1240, when a count of Léon ceded it to John I, duke of Brittany. In 1342 John de Montfort surrendered it to the English, in whose hands it was to remain until 1397. The importance of Brest in medieval times was great enough to give rise to the saying, "He is not duke of Brittany who is not lord of Brest". With the marriage of Francis I to Claude, daughter of Anne of Brittany, the definitive overlordship of Brest – together with the rest of the duchy – passed to the French crown.


The advantages of Brest's situation as a seaport town were first recognized by Richelieu, who in 1631 constructed a wooden-wharved harbour, which soon became a base for the French navy. Colbert rebuilt the wharves in masonry and otherwise improved the base, and fortifications by Vauban (1633–1707) followed in 1680-1688. These fortifications, and with them the naval importance of the town, were to continue to develop throughout the 18th century. For other uses of Richelieu, see Richelieu (disambiguation). ... Colbert is the surname of: Stephen Colbert, American comedian, plays Stephen Colbert (character) on The Colbert Report Robert Colbert, American television actor and star of The Time Tunnel Richard Colbert, spammer Levi Colbert, Chickasaw leader Keary Colbert, American football player Nate Colbert. ... Sébastien Le Prestre, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (May 15, 1633 - March 30, 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his skill in both designing fortifications and in breaking through them. ...


In 1694 an English squadron under John Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton, was miserably defeated in the Attack on Brest; but in 1794, during the revolutionary war, the French fleet, under Villaret de Joyeuse, was equally thoroughly beaten in the same place by the English admiral Howe. John Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton (1663-1697) was an English admiral. ... The Attack on Brest was an amphibious landing on June 18, 1694 by the English in an attempt to seize the French port of Brest, as part of the War of the Grand Alliance. ...


In World War II, the Germans maintained a large submarine base in Brest. Almost totally destroyed during the Battle for Brest (barely more than three buildings were left standing), the city has since been rebuilt. After the war, the West German government paid several billion dollars' worth of reparations to the homeless and destitute civilians of Brest in compensation for the destruction of, or damage to, their homes and property during the course of the war. Large parts of today's rebuilt city consist of the utilitarian granite and concrete buildings erected in the war's aftermath. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... This article is about the Second World War battle for Brest. ... West Germany was the informal but almost universally used name for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1990, during which years the Federal Republic did not yet include East Germany. ...


In 1972, France opened its submarine nuclear deterrence base at Île Longue in the Rade de Brest (Brest roadstead). ÃŽle Longue (French for “Long Island”) is an island of the roadstead of Brest. ... A roadstead is a place outside a harbor where a ship can lie at anchor. ...


Coat of arms

Coat of arms of Brest

Half France, half Brittany This article is about the historical kingdom, duchy and French province, as well as one of the Celtic nations. ...


It is in a register of deliberations of the city council dated the 15th July 1683 that this coat of arms was used for the first time. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


Geography

Brest is located amidst dramatic landscape near the entrance of the natural Rade de Brest, at the west end of Brittany. This article is about the historical kingdom, duchy and French province, as well as one of the Celtic nations. ...


It is situated to the north of a magnificent landlocked bay, and occupies the slopes of two hills divided by the river Penfeld,—the part of the town on the left bank being regarded as Brest proper, while the part on the right is known as Recouvrance. There are also extensive suburbs to the east of the town. The hill-sides are in some places so steep that the ascent from the lower to the upper town has to be effected by flights of steps and the second or third storey of one house is often on a level with the ground storey of the next.


Economy

Due to its location, Brest is regarded as the first French port that can be accessed from the Americas, and hence shipping is big business, although Nantes and Saint-Nazaire offer much larger docks and attract more of the larger vessels. Its protected location means that it is ideal to receive any type of ship, from the smallest dinghy to the biggest aircraft-carrier (the USS Nimitz has visited a few times). Damaged package The Panama canal. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Saint-Nazaire is also a commune of the Gard département of France. ... USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is a supercarrier in the United States Navy, the lead ship of its class. ...


The Charles De Gaulle aircraft carrier was built by DCN in Brest. The Charles De Gaulle (R91) is the only serving French aircraft carrier and is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale). ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault ship USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft, acting as a sea-going airbase. ... Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) is based in France and is one of Europes leading shipbuilders. ...


Monuments and tourist attractions

Rue de Siam
Rue de Siam

Brest is known thanks to the Recouvrance Bridge (a massive drawbridge 64 m/210ft high), the military arsenal and the rue de Siam (Siam Street). The Castle and the Tour Tanguy are the oldest monuments of Brest.


The Musée de la Tour Tanguy houses a collection of dioramas that depict the city of Brest on the eve of World War II. The Musée de la Marine de Brest contains exhibits which outline Brest's maritime tradition. There is also an aquarium, the Océanopolis marine centre. A diorama is any of the two display devices mentioned below. ...


The city of Brest doesn't have much historical architecture, apart from a few select monuments such as the Castle and the Tour Tanguy. This is due to heavy allied bombing during World War II, in an attempt to destroy the submarine base the Germans had built in the harbour. The town was hastily rebuilt in the 1950s using a large amount of concrete. In Recouvrance, the left bank of the town, there remains an authentic street of the 17th century, Saint-Malo Street. USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ...


A few kilometres out of town, there are more impressive landscapes, from sandy beaches to grottos to tall granite cliffs. Sunbathing, windsurfing, yachting and fishing are practiced in the area. Brest was an important warship producing port in the Napoleonic wars. The naval port, which is in great part excavated in the rock, extends along both banks of the Penfeld; For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... Sunlight is also the trade name of the worlds first packaged, branded laundry soap producted by Lever Brothers. ... A windsurfer with modern gear tilts the rig and carves the board to perform a planing jibe (downwind turn) close to shore in Maui, Hawaii. ... Yachting is a physical activity involving boats. ... For the computer security term, see Phishing. ...

Panorama of the castle and the Tour Tanguy
Panorama of the castle and the Tour Tanguy

Administration

The city hall, place de la Liberté
The city hall, place de la Liberté

Mayors of Brest

  • since 2001: François Cuillandre
  • 1989 - 2001: Pierre Maille (2nd term)
  • 1985 - 1989: Georges Kerbrat
  • 1983 - 1985: Jacques Berthelot
  • 1982 - 1983: Pierre Maille
  • 1977 - 1982: Francis Le Blé
  • 1973 - 1977: Eugène Berest
  • 1959 - 1973: Georges Lombard
  • 1958 - 1959: Auguste Kervern
  • 1954 - 1958: Yves Jaouen
  • 1954 - 1954: Lucien Chaix
  • 1953 - 1954: Yves Jaouen
  • 1947 - 1953: Alfred Pierre Marie Chupin
  • 1945 - 1947: Jules Lullien
  • 1944 - 1945: Jules Lullien
  • 1942 - 1944: Victor Eusen
  • 1929 - 1941: Victor Le Gorgeu
  • 1921 - 1929: Léon Nardon
  • 1920 - 1921: Hippolyte Masson
  • 1919 - 1920: Louis Léon Nardon
  • 1912 - 1919: Hippolyte Masson
  • 1908 - 1912: Louis Arthur Delobeau
  • 1904 - 1908: Victor Marie Aubert
  • 1900 - 1904: Charles Berger

Pierre Maille, french politician born on 14 June 1947 in Frejus Former Mayor of Brest from 1982 to 1983, then from 1989 to 2001. ... Pierre Maille, french politician born on 14 June 1947 in Frejus Former Mayor of Brest from 1982 to 1983, then from 1989 to 2001. ...

Culture-Regional language

Breton is not commonly spoken in the city of Brest and is not an official language (in the same vein as other French minority languages). It is being taught in some schools and universities. The association Sked[1] federates all Breton cultural activities. There are a number of languages of France. ...


Brest was the only "French-speaking" city in western Brittany before the 1789 revolution.


The city is host to several events to celebrate its long maritime history, the largest of which happens every four years, when the town organises a tall ship meeting. The last occurrence of that event was "Brest 2004". The USCGC Eagle. ...


Brest also hosts a yearly Short Film Festival called "Festival Européen du Film Court de Brest"


The city was also the setting for the 1982 art film Querelle. Querelle is both a 1947 novel (Querelle de Brest) by French author Jean Genet and its film adaptation by Rainer Werner Fassbinder from 1982. ...


Food in Brest

Restaurants in Brest have a wide variety of seafood. Fresh fish is featured on practically every menu and you can even find a few fish-only restaurants. Local markets and supermarkets also offer lots of seafood.


Brittany's most famous local delicacy, the Breton crêpe, is another culinary feature. There are many crêpe restaurants (called crêperies) and Breton cider may also be drunk. For other uses, see Crêpe (disambiguation). ... Cider in a pint glass Cider (or cyder) is an alcoholic beverage made primarily from the juices of specially grown varieties of apples. ...


Traditional biscuits include Traou Mad which is a full fat butter biscuit, somewhat similar to Scottish shortbreads. Traou Mad is a French delicacy often produced in Brittany, being a full fat butter biscuit served for breakfast. ... Shortbread rounds before being baked Shortbread is a type of biscuit (cookie) which is traditionally made from one part white sugar, two parts butter, and three parts plain white flour, although other ingredients like ground rice or cornflour are sometimes added to alter the texture. ...


Sport

Since 1901 Brest has served as the midpoint for the epic 1200 km bicycle endurance event, Paris-Brest-Paris. Brest is home to Stade Brestois 29, a football team in Ligue 2, second-highest league in French football. Paris-Brest-Paris (PBP) was originally a 1200km long bicycle race from Paris to Brest and back to Paris. ... Stade Brestois is a French football club, based in Brest. ... Ligue 2 is the second division of French football. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Education

  • Brest has a university: Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO) [2]
  • Brest has several grandes écoles:
  • Brest also is one of the hosts for the Indiana University Honors Foreign Language Program

For the film released in 2004, see Grande École (film). ... The École Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications de Bretagne (ENST Bretagne, sometimes known as Télécom Bretagne or even Télécom Brest) is a French research centre and high level training institution in Information Technologies and telecommunications. ... The Institut supérieur délectronique et du numérique, also called ISEN is a group composed of 3 French Grandes écoles, whose main site is the school ISEN-Lille, which was founded in 1956 by the French minister Norbert Ségard. ... Location of the river Isen in Middle-earth. ... The École Navale is the French Navy Academy in charge of the education of the officers of the French Navy. ...

Births

Brest was the birthplace of:

Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand, Compte de Linois (born January 27, 1761 in Brest, died December 2, 1848 in Versailles) was a French admiral during the time of Napoleon Bonaparte. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... Prosper Garnot (January 13, 1794 - 1838) was a French surgeon and naturalist. ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now often viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines of integrative organismal biology. ... Victor Segalen (January 14, 1878 - May 21, 1919) was a French naval doctor, ethnographer, archeologist, writer, poet, explorer, art-theorist, linguist, literary critic. ... Ethnography (from the Greek ethnos = nation and graphe = writing) refers to the qualitative description of human social phenomena, based on months or years of fieldwork. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Georges Thierry dArgenlieu (right) with Brigadier General Alexander M. Patch. ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... Alain Robbe-Grillet Alain Robbe-Grillet (1922-) is a French writer and filmmaker, born in Brest, Finistère, France into a family of engineers and scientists. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Pierre Brice (born 6 February 1929 in Brest, France), birth name Baron Pierre Louis de Bris, is a French actor, mainly known to the audience for his role as fictional Apache-chief Winnetou in German Karl May movies. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Béatrice Dalle Béatrice Dalle (born December 19, 1964) is a French actress. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Yann Tiersen (born June 23, 1970) is a French Avant-Garde/New Age Musician and composer known for his versatility, minimalist compositions, and virtuosity as a multi-instrumentalist. ... Gonzalo Gerardo Higuaín (born December 10, 1987 in Brest, Finistère, France) is an Argentine-French footballer. ... Real Madrid Club de Fútbol is a Spanish sports club most widely known for its professional football team based in Madrid. ... Christophe Miossec is a French singer and songwriter born in Brest, Brittany, France on December 24, 1964. ...

Twin towns

Brest is twinned with:[1] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Location of Cádiz Coordinates : Time Zone : General information Native name Cádiz (Spanish) Spanish name Cádiz Postal code – Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County ConstanÅ£a Mayor Radu Åžtefan Mazăre Area 124. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... This article is about the town of Dún Laoghaire . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... , For the city in the United States, see Kiel, Wisconsin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, southern Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Yokosuka (Japanese: 横須賀市; -shi) is a city located in Kanagawa, Japan. ...

Friendly relationship

Brest has an official friendly relationship (protocole d'amitié) with:[2]

Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... Bejaïa (//; Vgayet in the kabyle language) is a Mediterranean port on the Gulf of Béjaïa in Béjaïa Province, northern Algeria. ...

See also

Battle for Brest This article is about the Second World War battle for Brest. ...


References

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Brest.
Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brest (France) - MSN Encarta (268 words)
Brest [bʁest] is a city and commune in the Finistère department and Bretagne region of north-western France.
Brest (France), city in northwestern France, in Finistère Department, at the mouth of the Penfeld River, on the Bay of Brest (an arm of the Atlantic Ocean), in Brittany.
Brest became a possession of the duke of Brittany in 1240, belonged to England from 1342 to 1397, and passed, with Brittany, to the French crown in the 1490s.
Brest, France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (709 words)
Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département.
Brest is located amidst dramatic landscape near the entrance of the natural Rade de Brest, at the west end of the Brittany peninsula.
Brest is located at the heart of Brittany, and the local people are extremely proud of this.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m