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Encyclopedia > Breslau

Wrocław, ( Image:Ltspkr.png[:vrɔʦwaf]), German Breslau, Czech Vratislav, Latin Wratislavia; many Polish documents in English use the spelling Wroclaw) is the capital of Silesia in southwestern Poland, situated on the Oder River (Odra). As of 2003, the city had a population of 638,666. It is the principal city of the Lower Silesia region and the administrative seat of the Lower Silesian Voivodship (since 1999), previously of Wrocław Voivodship. The city is also a separate city-county. The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ... The Oder River (Czech/Polish: Odra, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lower Silesian voivodship since 1999 Lower Silesia (Polish Dolny Śląsk, German Niederschlesien, Latin Silesia Inferior) is the north-western part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia in Poland, located along the middle Oder River and organized into Lower Silesian Voivodship, (Polish: województwo dolnośląskie) with capital Wrocław It was... Lower Silesian voivodship since 1999 Lower Silesia (Polish Dolny Śląsk, German Niederschlesien, Latin Silesia Inferior) is the north-western part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia in Poland, located along the middle Oder River and organized into Lower Silesian Voivodship, (Polish: województwo dolnośląskie) with capital Wrocław It was... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Wroclaw Voivodship (Polish: województwo wrocławskie) - a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Lower Silesian Voivodship. ...

Wrocław
(Flag) (Coat of Arms)
Motto: none
Voivodship Lower Silesian
Municipal government Rada Miejska Wrocławia
Mayor Rafał Dutkiewicz
Area 292,9 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

633,700 2004 est.

2181/km²
Founded
City rights
10th century
1262
Latitude
Longitude
51°07' N
17°02' E
Area code +48 71
Car plates DW
Twin towns Breda, Dresden, Charlotte, Guadalajara, Mexico, Hradec Kralove, Hrodna, Kaunas, La Vienne, L'viv, Ramat Gan, Wiesbaden
Municipal Website (http://www.wroclaw.pl/ms/english)
Contents

2.1 Administrative division
2.2 Significant Events of 20th Century
2.3 Famous people from Wroclaw
2.4 Nobel Prize laureates from Wrocław
2.5 Historical population
Flag of Wroclaw (from the Polish wiki) File links The following pages link to this file: Wroclaw Categories: Flag images ... The crest of Wroclaw File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A motto is a phrase or collection of words intended to describe the motivation or intention of a sociological grouping or organization. ... Wroclaw on a contour map of Poland File links The following pages link to this file: Wroclaw Categories: GFDL images ... A Voivodship ( Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod. ... Lower Silesian voivodship since 1999 Lower Silesia (Polish Dolny Śląsk, German Niederschlesien, Latin Silesia Inferior) is the north-western part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia in Poland, located along the middle Oder River and organized into Lower Silesian Voivodship, (Polish: województwo dolnośląskie) with capital Wrocław It was... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Events Strasbourg becomes a Free City of the Holy Roman Empire First Visconti become the lord of Iceland swear fealty to the king of Norway, bringing an end to the Icelandic Commonwealth Births Ladislaus IV of Hungary Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Breda is a municipality and a city in the southern part of the Netherlands. ... Brühls Terrace and the Frauenkirche Dresden [ˈdreːsdn̩] (Sorbian/Lusatian Drježdźany), the capital city of the German federal state of Saxony, is situated in a valley on the river Elbe. ... For other places or people named Charlotte, see American metropolises, Charlotte, North Carolina is the countrys second biggest banking center. ... Guadalajara is a large city in the Western-Pacific region of Mexico, located at 20. ... Hradec Králové (German: Königgrätz) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Hradec Králové Region of Bohemia. ... Hrodna (or Grodno) (also: Hóradnia, Haródnia); Belarusian: Гро́дна, Го́радня, Гаро́дня; Grodno in Polish, Гро́дно; in Russian, Gardinas in Lithuanian) is a city in Belarus on the Nemunas river, close to the borders of Poland and Lithuania (about 15 km and 30 km away respectively). ... City Flag Kaunas (approximate English transcription [ˈkəʊ. ... Lviv coat of arms Motto: Semper fidelis Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population    total 2000    density 808,900 4786/km² Founded city rights 13th century 1353 Area code + 0322 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Twin towns... Ramat Gan (רמת-גן) is a city in Israel, on the central coastal strip, just east of Tel Aviv, and part of the metropolis known as Gush Dan, in the Tel Aviv District. ... Wiesbaden is a city in central Germany. ...

City's Name

Wrocław was first recorded in Thietmar's chronicle: John, bishop of Wrocław, a newly established Polish diocese, is mentioned in the year 1000 (Johannem Wrotizlaensem) as was later the city of Wrocław itself (Wortizlawa). The first municipal seal says: Sigillum civitatis Wracislavie, and a simplified city name is mentioned in 1175 as in Wrezlawe. Thietmar (modern spelling Dietmar), ( 969- December 1, 1019) was bishop of Merseburg and a chronologist. ... For other uses, see number 1000. ... Events Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory OConner), last High King of Ireland, submits to Henry II as vassal of Ireland with the Treaty of Windsor Ly Cao Ton becomes ruler of Vietnam William of Tyre becomes archbishop of Tyre Massacre of Abergavenny ends with several noblemen dead at the hands...


The early records show that the medieval city name was Wrocisław in Polish and Vratislav in Czech and it means Wrocislaw/Vratislav's town. The Polish name was later simplified in two stages: Wrocisław->Wrotsław->Wrocław and this simplified name has been used since the 12th century. The Czech spelling was used in Latin documents as Wratislavia or Vratislavia, but Polish pronunciation was also infuential as shown in the spelling of Wracislavia. Later the city's name was Germanized to Breslau.


The city is named after a person called Vratislaw/Wrocislaw, though it is unclear what, if any, connection exists to a Czech duke called Vratislav I. It is also possible that the city was named after the tribal duke of the Silesians, or after the early owner of the city, called Vratislav. Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia (915- February 13, 921), was the younger brother of Spytihnev I. Vratislav had two sons, Václav and Boleslav. ...


The name of the city seems to be an important question for German and Polish nationalists. Among the people of the city, especially those born some years after World War II, the German name Breslau is highly unpopular, and they become quite offended when that name is used. As another example, the warehouse Feniks on the Rynek, built in 1904, showed in November 2004 old pictures of the building. The pictures were described in Polish, but used the original names, such as "Warenhaus Gebrüder Barasch, Breslau". Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

Town Wroclaw and surrounding villages (today - quarters of Wroclaw) in 1900
Source: http://www.breslau-wroclaw.de

Situated at a long existing trading place, a city was first recorded in the 10th century as Vratislavia (Wratislaw) (the origin of its various later names) after Vratislav I. The settlement was conquered by the Polish duke Mieszko I in the 990s. Already a place of some importance, it became the capital of Silesia in 1138, where Silesians had founded a settlement south of the river. During the Mongol invasion in 1241 most of the population of the city was evacuated. The settlement was then sacked and burned by the Mongols, but they had no time to besiege the castle where the rest of the burghers found refuge. Download high resolution version (822x702, 212 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (822x702, 212 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia (915- February 13, 921), was the younger brother of Spytihnev I. Vratislav had two sons, Václav and Boleslav. ... Reign From c. ... Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ... For other uses, see number 1138. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... The Alcázar of Segovia, Spain A castle (from the Latin castellum, diminutive of castra, a military camp, in turn the plural of castrum or watchpost), is a fort, a camp and the logical development of a fortified enclosure. ...

Solny square

Documents of the time refer to the town by many variants of the name, including Bresslau, Presslau, Breslau and Latin Wratislaw. The restored Wrocław town was given Magdeburg Rights in 1262. The first illustration of the city was published in the Schedelsche Weltchronik in 1493. Solny Sq. ... Solny Sq. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were the laws of the Imperial Free City of Magdeburg during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, and possibly the most important set of Germanic medieval city laws. ... Events Strasbourg becomes a Free City of the Holy Roman Empire First Visconti become the lord of Iceland swear fealty to the king of Norway, bringing an end to the Icelandic Commonwealth Births Ladislaus IV of Hungary Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona... Events January 4 - Christopher Columbus leaves the New World. ...


Under direct overlordship of the Holy Roman Empire the emperors granted government positions to members of various ducal and royal dynasties. The city was a member of the Hanseatic League of northern European trading cities. In 1335 it was along with almost the entire province of Silesia incorporated into the Kingdom of Bohemia and was part of it until the 1740s, and from 1526 under the Empire's Habsburg dynasty. The overwhelming majority of the inhabitants became Protestants during the Reformation, but were forcibly suppressed during the Catholic Reformation by the Jesuits, working with the support of the Habsburg rulers. The crown of the Holy Roman Empire (2nd half of the 10th century), now held in the Vienna Schatzkammer. ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... Events Abu Said dies and the Ilkhan khanate ends Slavery abolished in Sweden Charles I of Hungary allies with Poland against the Hapsburgs and Bohemians Carinthia and Carniola come under Habsburg rule. ... Bohemia Historical map of Bohemia Bohemia is also a place in the State of New York in the United States of America: see Bohemia, New York. ... Events and Trends The War of Austrian Succession (1740-1748) rages. ... Events January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... The Catholic Reformation or the Counter-Reformation was a strong reaffirmation of the doctrine and structure of the Catholic Church, climaxing at the Council of Trent, partly in reaction to the growth of Protestantism. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...

City Hall

After extinction of local Piast rulers in 1675 the Habsburgs inherited Wrocław. They resorted to forceful conversion of the city to Catholicism. During the War of Austrian succession in the 1740s Silesia was annexed by the kingdom of Prussia. Prussia's claims were derived from the agreement, rejected by Habsburgs, between the Piast rulers of the Duchy and the Hohenzollerns who secured the Prussian succession after the extinction of the Piasts. Mayor house in Wroclaw File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mayor house in Wroclaw File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim August 10 - Building of the Royal Greenwich Observatory began November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). ... Events and Trends The War of Austrian Succession (1740-1748) rages. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and...


The city became part of the German Empire in 1871 after the demise of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. The kings of Prussia saw to it that Wrocław became a major industrial centre, notably of linen and cotton manufacture, more than tripling in population between 1860 and 1910 to over half a million. Its municipal boundaries were greatly extended in 1928. The Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

University of Wroclaw

Many of the city's 10,000 Jews were murdered during the Nazi genocide of World War II. When the Red Army approached in February 1945, Wrocław was declared a fortress and much of the population, which was German, was evacuated, although some 200,000 remained. To build fortifications slave labour was needed to augment civilian workers, and concentration camp prisoners were forced to help. University of Wroclaw File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... University of Wroclaw File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Nazi Party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After a siege of nearly three months, "Festung Breslau" surrendered on May 7 – the last major city in eastern Germany to fall. Some 40,000 Breslauers lay dead in the ruins, and the city was almost 70% destroyed. The city became the scene of horrible war crimes committed by the Red Army against the surviving German population, as in the rest of Silesia and throughout eastern Germany. A modern residential district, around the Kaiserstraße (now: Plac Grunwaldzki), was razed by prisoners (thousands of them died) to construct a military airfield. May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ...


Like the rest of Silesia, Wrocław was restored to Poland under the terms of the agreement reached at the Potsdam Conference. Most of inhabitants either escaped befor the Red Army, or were resettled to western Germany. It was resettled by Poles either from the small towns and villages from the provinces nearby, or those expelled from territories lost by Poland to the USSR – many of them from Lwów (now L'viv, Ukraine). Attlee, Truman, and Stalin at Potsdam The Potsdam Conference was held in Potsdam, Germany (near Berlin), from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ...

Hala Ludowa

Gradually the old city was restored to its beauty. Nearly all the monumental buildings were preserved. Now it is a uniquely European city in present-day Poland, with its architecture echoing that in Austria, Bohemia, or Prussia. Wrocław's Gothic style is originally Silesian, its Baroque style owes much to court builders of Habsburg Austria (Fischer von Erlach, Ch. Tausch), and Wrocław still has a number of buildings by eminent modernist architects, such as Hans Poelzig or Max Berg, the famous Jahrhunderthalle (Hala Ludowa) by Berg (1911-13) being the most important. Hala Ludowa in Wroclaw File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Hala Ludowa in Wroclaw File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... There are two Austrian architects named Fischer von Erlach: Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (1656-1723) Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach (1693-1742) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Hans Poelzig (April 30, 1869 Berlin - June 14, 1936 Berlin) was a German architect active in the Weimar years. ... Max Berg (17 April 1870 - 22 January 1947) was a German architect and urban planner. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


In July 1997 the city was hit by a severe flooding of the Oder. 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ... The Oder (or Odra) River (German: Oder, Polish/Czech: Odra, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe (mostly in Poland). ...


Administrative division

Wrocław is divided into 5 boroughs ( in Polish: dzielnice )

  • Fabryczna
  • Krzyki
  • Psie Pole (litteraly: Dog's Field)
  • Stare Miasto (Old Town)
  • Śródmieście (City Center)

Significant Events of 20th Century

External links with photo galleries, mostly in Polish.

Famous people from Wroclaw

Alois Alzheimer Alois Alzheimer (June 14, 1864 - December 19, 1915), a German neurologist, was a colleague of Emil Kraepelin who first identified the symptoms of what is now known as Alzheimers Disease. ... Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 - March 13, 1879) was a famous German chess master, one of the most renowned of the classic masters of 19th century chess. ... Max Berg (17 April 1870 - 22 January 1947) was a German architect and urban planner. ... Norbert Elias (born June 22, 1897 in Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland); died August 1, 1990 in Amsterdam) was a German sociologist whose work focused on the relationship between power, behavior, emotion, and knowledge over time. ... Jerzy Grotowski (August 11, 1933 - January 14, 1999) was a Polish theater director and a leading figure of theatrical avant garde of the 20th century. ... Daniel Harrwitz (1823 _ 1884) was a German chess master. ... The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... Lech Janerka (b. ... Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (March 12, 1824 - October 17, 1887), a German physicist who contributed to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits, spectroscopy, and the emission of black-body radiation by heated objects. ... Ferdinand Lassalle Ferdinand Lassalle (born April 11, 1825 in Wroclaw, died August 31, 1864), was a German socialist politician. ... Andrzej Jerzy Lech Andrzej Jerzy Lech - Born January 22, 1955 in Wroclaw, Poland, is a Polish artist, photographer. ... Jan Miodek (born 1946 in Tarnowskie Góry, Poland), Professor of Wroclaw University, is a linguist in the normative tradition. ... JOZEF PINIOR, Member of the European Parliament Born in 1955 In 1980 - 1989 trade unionist of the NSZZ Solidarnosc. After the imposing of the Martial Law in Poland a leader of the Solidarnosc working in the underground. ... Hans Poelzig (April 30, 1869 Berlin - June 14, 1936 Berlin) was a German architect active in the Weimar years. ... Baron Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (May 2, 1892 – April 21, 1918) was a German pilot and is still regarded today as the ace of aces. He was a very successful fighter pilot, military leader and flying ace who won 80 air combats during World War I. Richthofen was known as... Tadeusz Różewicz (b. ... Wanda Rutkiewicz was born on February 2, 1943 in Plungiany, Poland (today Lithuania). ... Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (November 21, 1768 - February 12, 1834) was a theologian and philosopher. ... Angelus Silesius (1624-1677), German religious poet, was born in 1624 at Breslau. ... Edith Stein (October 12, 1891 - August 9, 1942), known after her reception into the Carmelite Order as Teresa Benedicta of the Cross and canonized under the latter name in 1998, was a philosopher, feminist, Carmelite nun, and martyr who died at Auschwitz. ... Hugo Dyonizy Steinhaus (January 14, 1887 - February 25, 1972) was a Polish mathematician, educator, and humanist. ... Siegbert Tarrasch (March 5, 1862 - February 17, 1934) was one of the strongest chess players of the late 19th century. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...

Nobel Prize laureates from Wrocław

Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (30 November 1817 - 1 November 1903) was a German classical scholar and historian, generally regarded as the greatest classicist of the 19th century. ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Eduard Buchner (May 20, 1860 -- August 12, 1917) was a German chemist and zymologist, the winner of the 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on fermentation. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For the American butterfly and overpopulation specialist, see Paul R. Ehrlich. ... 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gerhart Hauptmann Gerhart Hauptmann (November 15, 1862 - June 6, 1946), German dramatist, was born on at Obersalzbrunn in Silesia, the son of an hotel-keeper. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... Fritz Haber (December 9, 1868 – January 29, 1934) was a German chemist. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Friedrich Bergius (October 11, 1884 - March 30, 1949) was born near Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw in Poland). ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Max Born (December 11, 1882 – January 5, 1970) was a Jewish German mathematician and physicist and was the only child of Gustav Born and Margarete Kauffmann. ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Reinhard Selten (born October 5, 1930) is a German economist. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...

Historical population


1800: 64,500 inhabitants
1831: 89,500 inhabitants
1850: 114,000 inhabitants
1852: 121,100 inhabitants
1880: 272,900 inhabitants
1900: 422,700 inhabitants
1910: 510,000 inhabitants
1925: 555,200 inhabitants
1933: 625,198 inhabitants
1939: 629,565 inhabitants
1946: 171,000 inhabitants



1960: 431,800 inhabitants
1970: 526,000 inhabitants
1975: 579,900 inhabitants
1980: 617,700 inhabitants
1990: ?
1999: 650,000 inhabitants
2003: 638 000 inhabitants
2004: 633 700 inhabitants


Education

Today's Wrocław has ten state-run universities, including:

as well as numerous private institutions of higher education, including Uniwersytet Wrocławski (called Wroclaw University) is one of the nine universities of Wroclaw, Poland. ... Wroclaw University of Technology (pl. ... Wroclaw Medical University (Polish: Akademia Medyczna we Wrocławiu) is one of the nine universities of Wroclaw. ...

  • Wyższa Szkoła Filologiczna ([1] (http://www.wsf.edu.pl/)).

Economy and Transportation

Its major industries were traditionally the manufacture of railroad cars and electronics. The city has both an airport and a river port. Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ...


Economy

Major Corporations

  • Volvo Polska sp. z o.o., Wrocław
  • Grupa Lukas, Wrocław
  • AB SA, Wrocław
  • Polifarb Cieszyn-Wrocław SA, Wrocław
  • Kogeneracja SA, Wrocław
  • Impel SA, Wrocław
  • Europejski Fundusz Leasingowsy SA, Wrocław
  • Telefonia Dialog SA, Wrocław
  • Wrozamet SA, Wrocław
  • American Restaurants sp. z o.o., Wrocław
  • Hutmen SA, Wrocław
  • MPEC Wroclaw SA, Wrocław

Politics

Wrocław constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Wrocław constituency: This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ...

  • Jan Chaładaj , SLD-UP
  • Janusz Dobrosz, PSL
  • Hanna Gucwińska, SLD-UP
  • Teresa Jasztal, SLD-UP
  • Piotr Kozłowski, Samoobrona
  • Janusz Krasoń, SLD-UP
  • Marek Muszyński, PiS
  • Andrzej Otręba, SLD-UP
  • Jacek Protasiewicz, PO
  • Grzegorz Schetyna, PO
  • Antoni Stryjewski, LPR
  • Jan Szymański, SLD-UP
  • Kazimierz Ujazdowski, PiS
  • Bogdan Zdrojewski, PO

Jacek Protasiewicz Jacek Protasiewicz (born on 5 June 1967 in Brzeg) is a Polish politician and Member of the European Parliament for the DS & OP with the Platforma Obywatelska, part of the European Peoples Party and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. ...

Municipal politics

yet to be written

Idea Slask Wroclaw logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Sports

There are many popular professional sports team in Wrocław area. The most popular sport today is probably basketball thanks to Idea Slask Wrocław the award winning men basketball team (former Polish champion, 2nd place in 2004). Amateur sports are played by thousands of Wroclaw citizens and also in schools of all levels (elementary, secondary, university). Deichman Śląsk Wrocław (previous names: Idea Śląsk Wrocław, Śląsk Wrocław, CWKS Wrocław) is a Polish basketball team, based in Wroclaw, playing in Era Basket Liga. ...


Men's professional teams

This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Deichman Śląsk Wrocław (previous names: Idea Śląsk Wrocław, Śląsk Wrocław, CWKS Wrocław) is a Polish basketball team, based in Wroclaw, playing in Era Basket Liga. ... Basketball Basketball is a ball sport in which two teams of five players each try to score points by throwing a ball through a hoop. ... Era Basket Liga (EBL) or Polish Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki, PLK) is the highest level league of basketball in Poland 2004 Championship Playoffs for 1st place: Idea Śląsk Wrocław (2nd place) - Prokom Trefl Sopot (Polish Champion) Playoffs for 3rd place: Anwil Włocławek (4th place) - Polonia Warbud Warszawa (3rd place... Śląsk Wrocław is a Polish football club based in Wrocław, Poland. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is probably the most popular sport in Poland. ... Polish Championship in Football year, 1st place, 2nd place, 3rd place 1920: abandoned (due to war) 1921: Cracovia Kraków, Polonia Warszawa, Warta Poznań 1922: Pogoń Lwów, Warta Poznań, Cracovia Kraków 1923: Pogoń Lwów, Wisła Kraków, Polonia Warszawa 1925: Pogoń Lwów, Warta Poznań, Wisła Kraków 1926: Pogoń Lwów, Polonia Warszawa, Warta... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Polish Cup The Polish Cup in football (official Polish title: Puchar Polski) is an annually held elimination tournament for Polish football clubs and is the second most important national title in Polish football after the 1st league (or Ekstraklasa) title. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Polish Super Cup in football (official Polish title: Superpuchar Polski) is an annually held match between the Polish Champion (Polish 1st league winner) and Polish Cup winner. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Śląsk Wrocław is a Polish handball club based in Wrocław, Poland. ... Handball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... One of the oldest forms of motorsport and invented in the United States in the early 19th century, dirt speedway racing involves vehicles racing each other round dirt-surfaced lightly-banked oval tracks. ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... The Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkowki, PLS) is the highest level of mens volleyball in Poland. ... 2004 Armed Forces Amateur Boxing Championships, held in 2003. ... Polar Wrocław is a Polish football club based in Wroclaw, Poland. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is probably the most popular sport in Poland. ... KS Hefra Gwardia Wrocław is a Polish volleyball team, based in Wrocław, playing in Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkówki, PLS). ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... The Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkowki, PLS) is the highest level of mens volleyball in Poland. ...

Women's professional teams

ZEC ESV Gwardia Wrocław is a Polish womens volleyball team, based in Wrocław, playing in Polish Seria A Womens Volleyball League Contents // Categories: Polish volleyball clubs | Sports stubs | Wroclaw ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... Polish Seria A Volleyball Leage is the highest level of women volleyball games played in Poland. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is probably the most popular sport in Poland. ... Handball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... Regional competition level table tennis, showing table, net, and player getting ready to return the ball with a winning backhand topspin stroke. ...

Amateur teams

Photos

A shot of skating ring in the night.
A skating rink in the Rynek (Market Square) - Dec 2003. Skating ring in Wroclaws Rynek (market square), Poland. ...


See also:

Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ...

External Links

  • Photos of Wrocław (http://hydral.com.pl/neo/test.php?dzielnica=01)
  • Virtual Wrocław (http://www.wirtualny.wroclaw.pl/)
  • Nasze Miasto Wrocław (http://www.naszemiasto.wroclaw.pl/) (Polish)
  • Old Postcards from Wroclaw (http://www.vogel-soya.de/bilder/breslau.html)

Books

  • Encyklopedia Wrocławia. Wrocław 2001
  • Wrocław jego dzieje kultura. Warszawa 1978
  • G. Scheuermann. Das Breslau-Lexikon. Dülmen 1994
  • K.Maleczyński, M.Morelowski, A.Ptaszycka, Wrocław. Rozwój ubranistyczny. Warszawa 1956
  • W.Długoborski, J.Gierowski, K.Maleczyński, Dzieje Wrocławia do roku 1807., Warszawa 1958
  • Microcosm, Portrait of a Central European City, by Norman Davies and Roger Moorhouse (Jonathan Cape, 2002) ISBN 0224062433 (ISBN 8324001727 – Polish translation)


Norman Davies (born June 8, 1939 in Bolton, Lancashire, England) is a British historian, noted for his publications on the history of Poland, Europe and the British Isles. ... Jonathan Cape has been since 1987 an imprint of Random House. ...

 
Poland
Voivodships of Poland
Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Łódź | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania | Świętokrzyskie | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
Principal cities
Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław | Poznań | Gdańsk | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok | Częstochowa | Gdynia | Toruń | Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Olsztyn

  Results from FactBites:
 
BRESLAU - LoveToKnow Article on BRESLAU (1344 words)
Breslau possesses a large number of other important public buildings: the Stadthaus (civic hall), the royal palace, the government offices (a handsome pile erected in 1887), the provincial House of Assembly, the municipal archives, the courts of law, the Silesian museum of arts and crafts and antiquities, stored in.
Its situation, close to the extensive coal and iron fields of Upper Silesia, in proximity to the Austrian and Russian frontiers, at the centre of a network of railways directly communicating both with these countries and with the chief towns of northern and central Germany, and on.
In March 1813 this monarch issued from Breslau his stirring appeals to the Prussians, An snein Voik and An mein Kriegesheer, and the city was the centre of the Prussian preparations for the campaign which ended at Leipzig.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Breslau (6287 words)
Conrad's successor was the provest of the cathedral of Breslau, Peter Novak (1447-56).
The Diocese of Breslau includes the whole Prussian Province of Silesia with the exception of a part of the districts of Ratibor and Leobschütz, which belong to the Archdiocese of Olmütz, and the Countship (Grafschaft) of Glatz, also in Prussian Silesia, which is subject to the Archbishop of Prague.
The Catholics sought to establish a theological school for the education of the diocesan clergy, and the endeavour led to the founding at Breslau, in 1565, of a theological seminary which was transferred in 1575 to Neisse.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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