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Encyclopedia > Breitscheidplatz
Breitscheidplatz seen from the Bahnhofzoo
Breitscheidplatz seen from the Bahnhofzoo

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2112, 1054 KB) Summary Breitscheidplatz seen from the Bahnhofzoo, Berlin, Cameron Blaylock Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2112, 1054 KB) Summary Breitscheidplatz seen from the Bahnhofzoo, Berlin, Cameron Blaylock Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Geography

Today the Breitscheidplatz lies within Charlottenburg (a region of intercity Berlin) at the tip of the Tiergarten between the Kurfürstendamm (a large, popular alley in Berlin West), the Tauentzien and the Budapester-Strasse. The Europa-Center closes off the Breitscheidplatz to the East. To the West the Breitscheidplatz ends at the Schimmelpfeng Haus and the Kantstrasse. Charlottenburg palace Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough, now part of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


Early History

The Breitscheidplatz was first constructed in 1889 on the former hunting grounds laid down in 1542 by Kurfürst Joachim II. The platz was originally called the Gutenbergplatz after the designer of the printing press and was changed in 1892 to the Augusta-Viktoria-Platz in honor of the German empress. Today it is named after Rudolf Breitscheid, a german Social Democrat, who died in a Nazi concentration camp in 1944. Auguste Viktoria Auguste Viktoria (October 22, 1858 - April 11, 1921), German Empress, daughter of Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenberg; married (1881) to Wilhelm II of Germany, and accompanied him to the Netherlands after World War I. She is reputed to have been a woman who loved the arts... This article appears to contradict itself. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


Shortly after the grounds of the platz were laid, Kaiser Wilhelm II used it as the host for his 'Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche' in honor of his grandfather, Kaiser Wilhelm I. The church was a prime example of the neo-romantic style and was constructed by Franz Schwechten, the royal architect of Wilhelm II. Before WWI, the platz experienced further development with exhibition halls, shopping centers and cultural centers. Wilhelm II of Prussia and Germany, Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern (January 27, 1859 - June 4, 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia from 1888 - 1918. ... Old and new parts Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church around 1900 The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (in German: Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche) is located in Berlin at the Kurfürstendamm. ... William I (William Frederick Louis) (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888), (German: Wilhelm I., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruled January 18, 1871 – 9 March 1888 as German Emperor and 2 January 1861 – 9 March 1888 as King of Prussia. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


20th Century

After the first World War the Breitscheidplatz became a meeting place for intellectuals in Berlin, specifically in the Romanisches Cafe (also constructed under Wilhelm II)- where writers, artists and musicians congregated and exchanged ideas. The house was located in the Budapester Straße 53 -now standing in the spot of the Europa-Center.

Breitscheidplatz seen from the Kurfürstendamm
Breitscheidplatz seen from the Kurfürstendamm

In 1943, the platz was heavily bombed and most of the area was destroyed. After the Second World War, the platz experienced massive reconstruction and became the quasi symbolic center of West Berlin (with the Alexanderplatz being the symbolic platz in East Berlin). The platz took on the new name 'Breitscheidplatz' in 1947 after Rudolf Breitscheid, a German social-democrat who died at Buchenwald. The Gedächtniskirche, (also known as the "Hollow Tooth" by Berliners) was in shambles after the war. It became the unofficial trend of Berlin after the war to tear down the ruins of monuments destroyed by the war and to build new. The renowned West German architect Egon Eiermann commissioned a new monument (which also serves as a functioning church) which was to stand next to the destroyed church. The memmorial was completed in 1962 and the almost forgotten church became the architectural pride of West Berlin and a memorial against war and destruction. In 1965, an eighty-six metre high 'Europa Centre' was constructed on the platz. This centre became the main consumer grounds of West Berlin and unofficially gave the Breitscheidplatz the reputation of being the commercial center in West Berlin. The building still stands today and hosts numerous department stores, outside coffee shops and restaurants and is a popular tourist attraction. The Europa center stands under preservation order. The Berlin Zoologischer Garten lies near the Breitscheidplatz, it was constructed in 1882 and functions as the main S- and U-Bahn station within Berlin West. The Breitscheidplatz, now one of the most visited places in Berlin, is known by many as one of the quintessential squares of Berlin. It presents an awkward yet typical Berliner combination of the old and the new, the cultural and commercial. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 620 KB) Summary Breitscheidplatz seen from the Kurfürstendamm, Berlin, author Cameron Blaylock Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 620 KB) Summary Breitscheidplatz seen from the Kurfürstendamm, Berlin, author Cameron Blaylock Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... This article appears to contradict itself. ... Slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp (Elie Wiesel is second row, seventh from left). ... Egon Eiermann (born September 29, 1904, Neuendorf; died July 20, 1970, Baden-Baden) was one of Germanys most prominent architects in the second half of the 20th century. ... The Bahnhof Zoo in 2004 The Bahnhof Zoo (the official name is Berlin Zoologischer Garten) was the central transport facility in West Berlin during the citys political division and is still the main station for the western central area of Berlin. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...

Europa Center, Breitscheidplatz
Europa Center, Breitscheidplatz

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 664 KB) Summary The Europa Center, Breitscheidplatz, Berlin, author Cameron Blaylock Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 664 KB) Summary The Europa Center, Breitscheidplatz, Berlin, author Cameron Blaylock Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Plans for the Breitscheidplatz

Future City Plans for the Breitscheidplatz [1] Include; Bettering the quality for pedestrians,more public competitions for the future planning of Breitscheidplatz, rennovation of the Bikini Haus and the Europa Center, the destruction of the old Schimmelpfenghaus and building the “Neue Schimmelpfeng Haus"(to include, offices, restaurants Hotel, to create an attractive city-quarter with livable space. Other plans include; rennovating the bus station in front of the the Bahnhof-zoo, building a large cinema complex at the current site of the Zoo-palast, and closing the automobile-tunnel in front of the Bikini Haus (completed in 2006).


Media

Webcam of the Breitscheidplatz


Google Images of the Breitscheidplatz


Homepage of the Europa-Center


Public Transportation

S-Bahn (Zoologischer Garten) S 5, S 7, S 75, S 9 ... U-Bahn (Zoologischer Garten) U 2, U 9 ... Bus (Breitscheidplatz) 100, 200 ... Bus (Europa-Center) 129, 219


In time for the World Cup 2006 the new Lehrter Bahnhof was completed, with the Lehrter Bahnhoff now the main train station in Berlin, the German high speed trains (InterCityExpress, Intercity) no longer stop by default at the Berlin Zoologischer Garten station. This article has been translated, and needs attention from someone approaching dual fluency. ... ICE train The InterCityExpress or ICE is a type of high-speed train, which is operated mostly by DB Fernverkehr in Germany and neighboring countries, for example to Zürich, Switzerland or Vienna, Austria. ... The Bahnhof Zoo in 2004 The Bahnhof Zoo (the official name is Berlin Zoologischer Garten) was the central transport facility in West Berlin during the citys political division and is still the main station for the western central area of Berlin. ...


Sources

http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de 18.05.2006


Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung (2004) „Nachhaltiges Berlin“. April. Berlin


Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung (2005) „Stadtforum Berlin. Dezember. Berlin


 
 

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