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Encyclopedia > Breda (Netherlands)
Breda

Location municipality Breda Breda, from Dutch wikipedia This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Area
- Land
- Water
129.15 km²
126.87 km²
2.28 km²
Population (2005)
- Density
167,908
1,323/km²

Breda is a municipality and a city in the southern part of the Netherlands. The rivers Mark and Aa come together here. The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Aa is the name of a large number of small European rivers. ...


The municipality of Breda consists of the following population centres: Bavel, Breda, De Rith, Effen, Eikberg, Ginneken, Hoeveneind, Kerkhoven, Kerkeind, Lies, Prinsenbeek, Roosberg, Strikberg, Teteringen, Ulvenhout.

The rest of this article deals with the city of Breda alone.

Contents


The city of Breda

History

Breda was a fortified city of strategic significance in North Brabant. Many events transpired in the city. The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ...


In the 11th century Breda was a direct fief of the Holy Roman Emperor, its earliest known lord being Henry of Brunesheim (1080 - 1125). In 1327 Breda was sold by Adelheid of Gaveren to John III, Duke of Brabant. In 1350 the fief was resold to John II of Wassenaar (d. 1377). In 1403 the heiress of his line, Johanna of Polanen (1392 - 1445), married Engelbert I of Nassau (1370 - 1442). Henceforth it remained in the house of Nassau, passing ultimately to William I of Orange (1533 - 1584), the first stadtholder of the Netherlands. Thus the baron of Breda was also count of Nassau, Germany; Prince of Orange and stadtholders of the Dutch Republic (from 1572-1650, 1672-1702, 1747-1795). Breda remained part of the barony Breda until it was extinguished by French revolutionary forces in 1795 (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Events William I of England, in a letter, reminds the Bishop of Rome that the King of England owes him no allegiance. ... Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... Events January 25 - Edward III becomes King of England. ... Jan III van Brabant, also called John III the Triumphantor, was born in 1300 and died in Brussels on December 5, 1355. ... Events Hayam Wuruk becomes ruler of the Majapahit Empire The Black Death ravages Europe (1347-1351) Births Manuel II Palaeologus, future Byzantine Emperor John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (approximate date). ... Events January 17 – Gregory XI enters Rome. ... Events July 21 - Battle of Shrewsbury. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance (d. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ... The House of Orange-Nassau (in Dutch Oranje-Nassau), is a family that has played a central role in the political life of the Netherlands since William I of Orange (also known as William the Silent and Father of the Fatherland) organised the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after... William I (William the Silent) William I, Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau (April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584) was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that set off the Eighty Years War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Events June 1 - With the death of the Duc dAnjou, the Huguenot Henry of Navarre becomes heir-presumptive to the throne of France. ... A stadtholder (Dutch: stadhouder meaning representative, a literal translation of the French lieutenant or the Latin locum tenans) was the person who ruled an area in the name of the land owner, in the Netherlands (which includes present-day Belgium) from the 15th to the 18th century. ... A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is still a countess (for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). ... Nassau was a German state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... // The Principality of Orange The title originally referred to the sovereign principality of Orange in valley of Rhone in southern France, which was a property of the House of Orange (1544 House of Orange-Nassau). ... A stadtholder (Dutch: stadhouder meaning representative, a literal translation of the French lieutenant or the Latin locum tenans) was the person who ruled an area in the name of the land owner, in the Netherlands (which includes present-day Belgium) from the 15th to the 18th century. ... This article is about the Dutch United Provinces. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... // Events June 23 - Claimant King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland arrives in Scotland, the only of the three Kingdoms that has accepted him as ruler. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Surrender of Breda, by Diego Velasquez
Surrender of Breda, by Diego Velasquez

The city of Breda obtained a municipal charter in 1252. It was fortified in 1534 by Count Henry III of Nassau and remained an impregnable stronghold of the line of fortresses along the Meuse. Breda was captured by surprise by the Spaniards in 1581, but in 1590 it fell again into the hands of Maurice of Nassau, 68 picked men contriving to get into the town concealed under the turf in a peat-boat. The surrender of Breda in 1625, after a ten months siege, to the Spaniards under Spinola was memorialized by Diego Velasquez. In 1637 Breda was recaptured by Frederick Henry of Orange after a four months siege, and in 1648 it was finally ceded to the Netherlands by the Treaty of Westphalia. Download high resolution version (1023x851, 179 KB) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Download high resolution version (1023x851, 179 KB) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ... City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. ... Events Alfonso X of Castile, the Wise (el Sabio) Stockholm is founded by Birger Jarl (cf 1854) The widespread usage of torture by the Medieval Inquisition is introduced. ... Events May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... Events March 14 - Battle of Ivry - Henry IV of France again defeats the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne. ... Maurice of Nassau (in Dutch Maurits van Nassau) (14 November 1567–23 April 1625), Prince of Orange (1618–1625), son of William the Silent and Princess Anna of Saxony, was born at the castle of Dillenburg. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Ambrosio Spinola Doria, marqués de los Balbases (1569 - September 25, 1630), Spanish general, was born in Genoa. ... Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... Frederick Henry (January 29, 1584–March 14, 1647), Prince of Orange, the youngest child of William the Silent, was born at Delft about six months before his fathers assassination. ... // Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, is the series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years War and officially recognized the United Provinces and Swiss Confederation. ...


The toppled Stuart dynasty of King Charles II of England resided in Breda during his exile in the ongoing Cromwellian Commonwealth and Protectorate. Based mostly on suggestions by Parliamentarian General George Monck, Charles II's Declaration of Breda (1660) made known the conditions of his acceptance of the crown of England which he was to accept/resume later in the same year. Charles II (29 May 1630–6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... For the rule of Oliver Cromwell, see The Protectorate. ... George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle by Sir Peter Lely, painted 1665–1666. ... Breda in the Netherlands, where King Charles II of England resided during his exile, has given its name to his Declaration of Breda (1660). ...


The Treaty of Breda was signed in the city, July 31, 1667, bringing to an end the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, July 31, 1667, by England, the Dutch Republic, France, and Denmark. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... The Royal Prince and other vessels at the Four Days Fight, 11–14 June 1666 by Abraham Storck depicts a battle of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ...


Breda was the site of one of the first panopticon prison establishments. Panopticon blueprint by Jeremy Bentham, 1791 The Panopticon is a type of prison building designed by the philosopher Jeremy Bentham. ...


During the World War II the city was under German occupation. It was liberated following a successful outflanking manouevre planned and performed by forces of 1st Polish Armoured Division of gen. Maczek on October 29, 1944. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... (Redirected from 1st Polish Armoured Division) Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an Allied military unit during World War II, created in February 1942 in Scotland. ... Gen. ... October 29 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Administration

The city has the following suburban neighbourhoods: Princenhage (former village), Ginneken (former village), de Haagse Beemden, de IJpelaar, Heuzenhout or Heusdenhout, Belcrum, and de Hoge Vucht.


Economy

Van Slobbe, the Mayor of Breda, giving a welcome speech to the Polish 1st Armoured Division
Van Slobbe, the Mayor of Breda, giving a welcome speech to the Polish 1st Armoured Division

Economic activities are mainly industrial. Breda traditionally was, and still is, a center of the candy industry. Breda also has a sugar factory, supplying the candy industry, and a brewery (Oranjeboom) which is one of the biggest breweries in the Netherlands. Interbrew, the owner of the brewery decided in 2002 to close down the brewery in 2004. Source: Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum This work is copyrighted. ... Source: Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum This work is copyrighted. ... Polish 1st Armoured Div Patch The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an Allied military unit during World War II, created in February 1942 in Scotland. ... A shelf filled with candies Candy is a term for a type of confectionery prepared by dissolving sugar in water or milk and boiling it until it starts to caramelize. ... A sugar is a carbohydrate which is sweet to taste. ... Oranjeboom is a beer factory in Breda, The Netherlands. ... this article deals with the former brewery Interbrew before its merger into InBev Interbrew was a large Belgium-based brewing company which owns many internationally known beers, as well as some smaller local beers. ...


Sights

Breda has a city center with beautiful old buildings and singels (moats). The shops and a shopping mall are located here. The city is also home to a museum devoted to General Stanisław Maczek and the Polish 1st Armoured Division. The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats were deep and wide water-filled trenches, to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ... A Shop is an enclosed location where a specific activity is carried out. ... Gen. ... Polish 1st Armoured Div Patch The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an Allied military unit during World War II, created in February 1942 in Scotland. ...


Transportation

Breda has train stations Breda and Breda-Prinsenbeek, providing connections with Zuid-Holland (Dordrecht - Rotterdam - Den Haag) and Tilburg - Eindhoven/Den Bosch, and from station Breda also to Roosendaal with connection to Vlissingen. Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... This article is about the province of the Netherlands. ... This is about the Dutch city of Dordrecht. ... Rotterdam is the second largest city in the Netherlands (after Amsterdam), located in the province of South Holland. ... This article is about the city in the Netherlands; there is also a region known as (the) Hague in France. ... Tilburg is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant. ... Eindhoven is a municipality and a city located in the province of Noord-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender brooks. ... s-Hertogenbosch (literally Dukes Woods; Dutch and sometimes in French: Bois-le-Duc), unofficially also called Den Bosch, is a municipality in the Netherlands, the capital of the province of North Brabant. ... Roosendaal is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Flushing (Dutch Vlissingen) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren. ...


Miscellaneous

The number one DJ of the world, DJ Tiesto, comes from Breda and has his own recordstore here, called The Magik ...


The Dutch Royal Military Academy, Koninklijke Militaire Academie, is located here.


Breda's most popular football club, NAC Breda, plays in the highest Dutch league, the Eredivisie. A football team is the collective name given to a number of players who play together in a football game, be it association football (soccer), rugby, Australian football, American football, Gaelic football, or other version of football. ... NAC Breda is a Dutch football club from Breda. ... The Eredivisie (English: Honor Division) is the the highest football league in the Netherlands. ...


Breda's athletics club, A.V. Sprint, is the largest club of its kind in the Netherlands.


Colonel Tom Parker, the manager of Elvis Presley, was born in Breda as Andreas Cornelius van Kuijk. Colonel Tom Parker (June 26, 1909 – January 21, 1997), the pseudonym of Andreas Cornelius van Kuijk, was best known as the manager for Elvis Presley. ... Elvis Presley Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), also known as The King of Rock and Roll or The King, was an American singer and actor. ...


External links

  • http://www.sdu.nl/staatscourant/gem/gem80nb.htm
  • http://www.breda.nl/
  • Breda Liberated


 
North Brabant Province

Aalburg | Alphen-Chaam | Asten | Baarle-Nassau | Bergeijk | Bergen op Zoom | Bernheze | Best | Bladel | Boekel | Boxmeer | Boxtel | Breda | Cranendonck | Cuijk | Deurne | Dongen | Drimmelen | Eersel | Eindhoven | Etten-Leur | Geertruidenberg | Geldrop-Mierlo | Gemert-Bakel | Gilze en Rijen | Goirle | Grave | Haaren | Halderberge | Heeze-Leende | Helmond | 's-Hertogenbosch | Heusden | Hilvarenbeek | Laarbeek | Landerd | Lith | Loon op Zand | Maasdonk | Mill en Sint Hubert | Moerdijk | Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten | Oirschot | Oisterwijk | Oosterhout | Oss | Reusel-De Mierden | Roosendaal | Rucphen | Schijndel | Sint Anthonis | Sint-Michielsgestel | Sint-Oedenrode | Someren | Son en Breugel | Steenbergen | Tilburg | Uden | Valkenswaard | Veghel | Veldhoven | Vught | Waalre | Waalwijk | Werkendam | Woensdrecht | Woudrichem | Zundert North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Aalburg is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Alphen-Chaam is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Asten is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Baarle-Nassau is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Bergeijk is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Bergen op Zoom is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Bernheze is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Best is a municipality and a village in the southern Netherlands. ... Bladel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Boekel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Boxmeer is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Boxtel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Cranendonck is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Cuijk is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... See also: Deurne, Belgium. ... Dongen is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Drimmelen is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Eersel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands Population centres Duizel Eersel Knegsel Steensel Vessem Wintelre External link Official website Categories: North Brabant ... Eindhoven is a municipality and a city located in the province of Noord-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender brooks. ... Etten-Leur is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Geertruidenberg is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Geldrop-Mierlo is a municipality in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Gemert-Bakel is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Gilze en Rijen is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Goirle is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Grave is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Haaren is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Halderberge is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Heeze-Leende is a municipality in the southern Netherlands, near Eindhoven. ... Helmond is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... s-Hertogenbosch (literally Dukes Woods in Dutch; translated in French as Bois-le-Duc), unofficially also called Den Bosch, is a municipality in the Netherlands, the capital of the province of North Brabant. ... Heusden is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Hilvarenbeek is a municipality and a town in the south of the Netherlands, along the border with Belgium. ... Laarbeek is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Landerd is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Lith is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Loon op Zand is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Maasdonk is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Mill en Sint Hubert is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Moerdijk is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten is a municipality consisting of the larger village of Nuenen and two adjacent smaller ones. ... Oirschot is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Oisterwijk is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Oosterhout is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... For the Icelandic Óss rune ᚨ, see Aesir. ... Reusel-De Mierden is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Roosendaal is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Rucphen is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands between Roosendaal and Etten-Leur, south of the railway, but without a train-station. ... Schijndel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Sint Anthonis is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Sint-Michielsgestel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Sint-Oedenrode is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Someren is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Son en Breugel is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. ... Steenbergen is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Tilburg is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant. ... Uden is a municipality and a town in the province of Noord-Brabant, Netherlands. ... Valkenswaard is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Veghel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Veldhoven is a municipality and a town on the Gender stream in the southern Netherlands, located just southwest of Eindhoven. ... Vught is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Waalre is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Waalwijk is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Werkendam is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Woensdrecht is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Woudrichem is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Zundert is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ...

Netherlands | Provinces | Municipalities| map

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