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Encyclopedia > Brazzaville
Brazzaville
Map of the Republic of Congo showing Brazzaville.
Map of the Republic of Congo showing Brazzaville.
Coordinates: 4°16′S 15°17′E / -4.267, 15.283
Capital district Brazzaville
Government
 - Governor Hugues Ngouélondélé
Area
 - Total 100 km² (38.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)[1] [2]
 - City 1,262,000
 - Urban 1.5 million
 - Metro Incl. Kinshasa: 9 million
Brazzaville district
Brazzaville district

Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River. It has an estimated population of 1,262,000 (in 2007) in the city proper, and about 1.5 million in total when including the suburbs located in the Pool Region.[1] The populous city of Kinshasa (more than 7 million inhabitants in 2004),[2] capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, lies just across the Congo River from Brazzaville. Together with Kinshasa, the combined conurbation of Kinshasa-Brazzaville has thus nearly 9 million inhabitants. David Brown, the second from the left, with formerly the European cast of the band (in the early period there used to be a US cast) Named after the river-port capital of the Republic of the Congo, Brazzaville, originally a US septet, was founded in 1998 by David Brown... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 684 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1020 × 894 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Congo-Brazzaville. ... The Capital District is an imprecise regional definition (much like Upstate New York) that generally refers to the four counties surrounding Albany, the capital of New York: Albany County, Schenectady County, and Rensselaer County. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1056 × 816 pixel, file size: 23 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of the Brazzaville district in the Republic of the Congo. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1056 × 816 pixel, file size: 23 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of the Brazzaville district in the Republic of the Congo. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The Congo River (for a time known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Western Central Africa. ... Pool is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the southeastern part of the country. ... Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ...


Brazzaville was founded in 1880 on the site of a village named Nkuna by an Italian born French explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, after whom the city was named. Over a third of the population of the Republic of Congo lives in the capital, and it is home to 40% of non-agricultural employment. It is also a financial and administrative capital. Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ... Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza in his version of native dress, photographed by Félix Nadar. ...

Contents

Geography

Brazzaville is located at 4°16′S, 15°17′E [1]. In order to distinguish between the two African countries with "Congo" in their names, the Republic of the Congo is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville, as opposed to Congo-Kinshasa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known from 1971 to 1997 as Zaire, the capital of which is Kinshasa). Kinshasa lies on the southern bank of the Congo, across from Brazzaville. This is the only place in the world where two national capital cities are situated on opposite banks of a river, within sight of each other. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ...


While Kinshasa lies to the south, Brazzaville lies to the north of the Congo River. The city is 506 km inland from the Atlantic Ocean and south of the equator. The city is a commune that is separated from the other regions of the republic; it is surrounded by the Pool Region. Around the city is a large savanna. The town is relatively flat, and situated at an altitude of 317 metres. World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ... The Republic of the Congo is divided into ten regions (régions, singular région) (capitals in parentheses): Bouenza (Madingou) Cuvette (Owando) Cuvette-Ouest (Ewo) Kouilou (Pointe-Noire) Lékoumou (Sibiti) Likouala (Impfondo) Niari (Loubomo) Plateaux (Djambala) Pool (Kinkala) Sangha (Ouésso) Additionally, Brazzaville, the national capital, is a commune... Savannah redirects here. ...

Kinshasa seen from Brazzaville. The two capitals are seperated by the Congo River
Kinshasa seen from Brazzaville. The two capitals are seperated by the Congo River

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vue sur Kinshasa depuis le buffet de la Mairie à Brazzaville. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vue sur Kinshasa depuis le buffet de la Mairie à Brazzaville. ...

History

The city was founded on 10 September 1880 on the site of a village named Nkuna by a Franco-Italian explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, after whom the city was named. The local leader, Makoko of the Téké signed a treaty of protection with de Brazza which subjugated his lands to the French Empire. The city was built four years later in order to become a competitor with Léopoldville (now Kinshasa) which was built by the Belgians on the other side of the river. The site was occupied from October 1880 until May 1882 by a small squad of troops led by Senegalese Sergeant Malamine Camara, who prevented the land from falling into Belgian hands. is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the country. ... Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza in his version of native dress, photographed by Félix Nadar. ... The term French Empire can refer to: The First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1804 - 1814 or 1815) The Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852 - 1870) The Second French Colonial Empire (1830 - 1960) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Kinshasa - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Malamine Camara was a Senegalese sergeant in the French colonial army, and a key figure in the extension of French colonial rule in the Congo Basin. ...


French control over the area was made official by the Berlin Conference of 1884. The city became the capital first of the French Congo, and then of French Equatorial Africa, a federation of states which encompassed Gabon, the Central African Republic and Chad. In 1924, the Congo-Océan railway was brought into service which linked Brazzaville with the port of Pointe-Noire. The conference of Berlin The Berlin Conference (German: or Congo Conference) of 1884–85 regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germanys sudden emergence as an imperial power. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... French Congo was the original French colony established in the present-day area of the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and the Central African Republic. ... Location of French Equatorial Africa. ... The Congo-Ocean Railway (COR, or CFCO) links the Atlantic port of Pointe-Noire (now in the Republic of Congo) with Brazzaville, a distance of 502 kilometres. ... Pointe-Noire is a port city in the Republic of the Congo. ...


In 1944, Brazzaville hosted a meeting of the Free French forces and representatives of France's African colonies. The resulting Brazzaville Declaration was intended to redefine the relationship between France and its African colonies after World War II. Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Free French Forces (Forces Françaises Libres in French) were French fighters who decided to go on fighting against Germany after the Fall of France and German occupation and to fight against Vichy France in World War II. General Charles de Gaulle was a member of the French Cabinet... The Brazzaville Conference of 1944 heralded a period of major reform in French colonial policy, including the abolition of forced labor, granting of French citizenship to colonial subjects, decentralization of certain powers, and election of local advisory assemblies. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Until the 1960s, the city was divided into European (the center of the city) and African sections (Poto-Poto, Bacongo, and Makélékélé). In 1980 it became a "commune" separated from the Pool Region and divided into seven "arrondissements": Makélékélé (1), Bacongo (2), Poto-Poto (3), Moungali (4), Ouenzé (5), Talangaï (6) and Mfilou (7). The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Poto-Poto is the name of one of the original residential neighborhoods of the city of Brazzaville, capital of the Republic of Congo. ... The Bakongo or the Kongo people (meaning hunter) live along the Atlantic coast of Africa from Pointe-Noire (Brazzaville) to Luanda, Angola. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Pool is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the southeastern part of the country. ...


The city has frequently been a staging ground for regional conflicts, including conflicts between rebel and government forces and between forces of the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola. It was also the scene of bloody civil wars throughout the 1990s which resulted in thousands of civilian deaths and which forced hundreds of thousands of refugees to flee the city.


Industry

Industries present in Brazzaville include: machine shops, textiles, tanning, and manufacturing. As a key port on the Congo River, the city takes deliveries of raw materials, such as: rubber, wood and agricultural products. From here they are generally sent onward to Pointe-Noire for export. This article is about the type of fabric. ... This article is about making hides into leather. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... The Congo River (for a time known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Western Central Africa. ... A Raw material is something that is acted upon by human labour or industry to create some product that humans desire. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Pointe-Noire is a port city in the Republic of the Congo. ...


Buildings and institutions

The Nabemba Tower, a landmark in Brazzaville.
The Nabemba Tower, a landmark in Brazzaville.

Notable buildings in the city include St Anne's Basilica, built in 1949 by Roger Erell, and known for its green tiled roof; Erell also designed a house in the city for Charles de Gaulle. Other buildings include the Nabemba Tower and the Congressional Palace. Other features include the Marien Nguouabi Mausoleum, Brazzaville Zoo and the Poto-Poto School of Painting. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 300 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (300 × 400 pixel, file size: 76 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Picture of the Nabemba Tower, a landmark in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 300 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (300 × 400 pixel, file size: 76 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Picture of the Nabemba Tower, a landmark in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mission, or barrel, roof tiles A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, porcelain, metal or even glass. ... Please post proper article, this page was tampered with, thank you. ...


The World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa is based in Brazzaville on a vast campus at the Cité du Djoué. WHO redirects here. ...


Transport

The city is home to Maya-Maya Airport and a railway station on the Congo-Ocean Railway. It is also an important river port, with ferries sailing to Kinshasa and to Bangui via Impfondo. The port for ferries to Kinshasa is known locally as "The Beach". The Congo River Rapids lie on the outskirts of the city, where the Djoué River meets the Congo, rendering river transport to the coast impossible, qualifying the railway as a portage railway Maya-Maya Airport (IATA: BZV, ICAO: FCBB) is an airport located in Brazzaville, the capital of the Republic of the Congo. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... The Congo-Ocean Railway (COR, or CFCO) links the Atlantic port of Pointe-Noire (now in the Republic of Congo) with Brazzaville, a distance of 502 kilometres. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Bangui is the capital of and the largest city in the Central African Republic. ... Impfondo is a town in the north eastern Republic of Congo, lying on the Oubangui River. ... Congo River Rapids is a river rapids ride made by Intamin. ... A portage railway is a short and possibly isolated section of railway used to bypass a section of unnavigable river or between two water bodies which are not directly connected. ...


Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ a b (French) Republic of Congo, Centre National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (CNSEE). Répartition de la population par Départements et Communes en 1984 et projetée de 2000 à 2015. Retrieved on 2007-06-30.
  2. ^ a b (French) Website of the Unité de Pilotage du Processus d'Elaboration et de mise œuvre de la Stratégie pour la Réduction de la Pauvreté (UPPE-SRP). Monographie de la Ville de Kinshasa (SWF). Retrieved on 2007-01-19.
  • Chavannes, Charles de. (1929) “Le Sergent Sénégalais Malamine.” Annales de l’Académie des Sciences Coloniales, vol. 3:159-187.
  • Petringa, Maria. (2006) Brazza, A Life for Africa (2006) ISBN 9781-4259-11980
  • Tiepolo, M. (1996) "City Profile: Brazzaville" in Cities v. 13, pp. 117-124

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the proprietary file format . ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Brazzaville - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (438 words)
Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River.
The resulting Brazzaville Declaration was intended to redefine the relationship between France and its African colonies after World War II.
In order to distinguish between the two African countries with "Congo" in their names, the Republic of the Congo is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville, as opposed to Congo-Kinshasa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known from 1971 to 1997 as Zaire, the capital of which is Kinshasa).
Brazzaville - definition of Brazzaville in Encyclopedia (258 words)
Image of Kinshasa and Brazzaville, taken by NASA; the extent of deforestation is incidentally graphically revealed.
Brazzaville (population 600,000) is the capital of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River.
To distinguish between the two African countries with "Congo" in their names, the Republic of the Congo is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville, as opposed to Congo-Kinshasa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known from 1971 to 1999 as Zaire, the capital of which is Kinshasa).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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