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Encyclopedia > Brazilian general elections, 2006
Voting box icon This article or section contains information about an upcoming election.
It is likely to contain information of a speculative nature and the content about candidates may change dramatically as the election approaches and more information becomes available.
Politics - Politics portal

Brazil
Image File history File links free clipart image of ballot box and ballot File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... The contents of this page have been moved to http://en. ... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ...


Flag of Brazil
This article is part of the series:
Politics of
Brazil
Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district (see: States of Brazil). ...

Political parties in Brazil
Elections in Brazil
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This article lists political parties in Brazil. ... Brazil elects on the national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. ... The Brazilian presidential election of 1891 was the first presidential elections held in Brazil. ... Flag of Brazil The 2006 Brazilian presidential election will take place on October, 2006. ...


Upcoming Election

President: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
List of Presidents of Brazil See also List of Presidents of Brazil The President of the Federal Republic of Brazil is the head of state and head of government of Brazil. ... Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (born October 6, 1945) is the 39th and current President of Brazil. ... This is a list of Presidents of Brazil. ...

National Congress of Brazil
Supreme Federal Tribunal
Human Rights
Foreign relations Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ... The Supreme Federal Tribunal (in Portuguese Supremo Tribunal Federal, or simply STF) is the highest court of law of the Federative Republic of Brazil. ... There are serious issues in regard to abuses of human rights in Brazil. ... Traditionally, Brazil has been a leader in the inter-American community and has played an important role in collective security efforts, as well as in economic cooperation in the Western Hemisphere. ...

Since 1994, as a result of a constitutional amendment which reduced the presidential term to four years, all federal and state elections in Brazil have coincided.


In 2006, the General Elections are to be held on October 1 and on October 29 (second round for the presidential and state gubernatorial ballots, if necessary).


The 2006 General Elections include elections for:

  • President and Vice-President;
  • Federal Legislators (All Deputies, one third of the Federal Senate)
  • Governors and Lieutenant-Governors (all 26 States and the Federal District);
  • Members of the unicameral State Legislatures (all 26 states) and of the unicameral Legislative Chamber of the Federal District.

Contents

Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ...


President and Vice-President

The presidential ballot is taken in two rounds, if no one reaches at least an absolute majority of the valid votes, a second round between the two most voted candidates will be held. All the candidates holding executive posts (except the president) will have to renounce till April 2, in order to be able to run. Almost no party have primaries and the conventions of all parties will take place in the first semester of 2006. 2 April is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ...


The potential candidates include, in no particular order:

  • Workers' Party (PT) – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, elected in 2002 and who will probably run for reelection in 2006, without any other candidates within his party;
  • Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) – the main opposition party has many unofficial pre-candidates, including:
    • Geraldo Alckmin, the current governor of the State of São Paulo, who won't be able to run for reelection there,
    • José Serra, current mayor of the City of São Paulo in the second year of his term, who lost the 2002 presidential elections to Lula, but, within his party, he is the one who is in the best position in the polls, and the only candidate of any party so far capable of beating Lula in the second round, according to the polls. [1]
    • Aécio Neves, governor of the State of Minas Gerais. However, he will probably run for reelection there, and
    • Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former President, who is a possible candidate, although he has possibly retired from his political carreer;
  • Liberal Front Party (PFL) – Cesar Maia, mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro, could be the candidate of his party, but it will most probably provide the vice-presidential nominee for the PSDB presidential candidate, as it happened in the 1994 and 1998 elections;
  • Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB) – Since there are many divergent wings within the party, it is hard to speculate what it will do. The two most probable options are providing the vice-presidential nominee for Lula or running alone. There is also a more remote possibility: providing the vice-presidential nominee for PSDB, as it did in 2002. Several members of the party are possible names for running, like:
    • Anthony Garotinho, former governor of the State of Rio de Janeiro, ran in 2002 and got a third place, and
    • Germano Rigotto, governor of Rio Grande do Sul;
  • Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL) – Heloisa Helena, federal senator, founded PSOL and announced her candidacy, after she was expelled from PT;
  • Democratic Labour Party (PDT) – This party is part of the opposition of Lula's government, without being ally of PSDB, the strongest opposition party. It will probably run alone, with a yet unchoosed name that can be the senator Cristovam Buarque, who left PT in 2005.
  • United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU) – Although it has not achieved more than 2% of the votes in the last elections, it will probably run alone in 2006; and
  • Workers Cause Party (PCO) – It has also been having minimal results in the previous elections and will probably run alone for the presidential race.

Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:Political crisis in Brazil The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. ... Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (born October 6, 1945) is the 39th and current President of Brazil. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) is a political party in Brazil. ... Geraldo José Rodrigues Alckmin (born in Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo, November 7, 1952) is a Brazilian politican. ... Flag of São Paulo São Paulo is a state in Brazil. ... José Serra in speech after being elected mayor in 2004. ... São Paulo (the Portuguese name of Saint Paul) is the capital of the state of São Paulo in southeastern Brazil. ... Aécio Neves da Cunha (born March 10, 1960) is a Brazilian politician. ... Minas Gerais (pronounced IPA ) is one of the states of Brazil, the second most populous in the federation. ... Fernando Henrique Cardoso (born June 18, 1931) was the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil from January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2002. ... ... Cesar Epitácio Maia (born July 18, 1945) is the current mayor of Rio de Janeiro and will possibly be a candidate for the presidency of Brazil in 2006. ... Ipanema beach, in the South Zone, immortalised by Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Morais song The Girl from Ipanema Cristo Redentor, the famous Christ the Redeemer statue at the top of the Corcovado mountain A NASA satellite image of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in... The Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (Portuguese: Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, PMDB) is a centrist, more or less liberal, party in Brazil. ... Rio de Janeiro is one of the 26 states of Brazil (plus the Federal District). ... Rio Grande do Sul (English: Great River of the South) is the southernmost state of Brazil. ... The Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL) is a Braziliian political party. ... The Democratic Labour Party (PDT) (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) is a center-left political party in Brazil. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brazils United Socialist Workers Party (in Portuguese, Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado, or PSTU) is a Trotskyist organisation in Brazil. ... Workers Cause Party (in Portuguese: Partido da Causa Operária, PCO) is a political party in Brazil. ...

Chamber of Deputies

Rocked by an overwhelming corruption scandal since April 2005, the current legislative period, with a slight majority for the government coalition, will probably suffer major changes in the October 1 vote. Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ...


Federal Senate

The Senate is almost untainted by the corruption scandal in the lower Chamber and only one third of it will be up for election in 2006 (one senator for each of the 26 States and one for the Federal District). However, major changes in the composition of the Upper House are also expected and may alter the balance of power in the next Congress. Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ... The states of Brazil (or estados do Brasil) comprise 26 federal states and the Distrito Federal (the Brazilian Federal District), which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... The Brazilian Federal District (in Portuguese, Distrito Federal) is set apart for Brasília, the capital of Brazil. ...


State-level Elections

Brazil is a highly centralized Federation; hence, the terms and election dates for State-level elections are determined by the Federal Constitution and are held in the same dates and years of the Federal Elections. A federation (from the Latin fœdus, covenant) is a state comprised of a number of self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as states) united by a central (federal) government. ...


Governorships

State elections in 2006 will include gubernatorial races in all States and in the Federal District. Like presidential race, it is taken in two rounds, if no one reaches at least an absolute majority of the valid votes in the first round. The conventions of all parties will take place in the first semester of 2006 and all the candidates holding executive posts (except the governor) will have to renounce till April 2, in order to be able to run. The states of Brazil (or estados do Brasil) comprise 26 federal states and the Distrito Federal (the Brazilian Federal District), which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... The Brazilian Federal District (in Portuguese, Distrito Federal) is set apart for Brasília, the capital of Brazil. ...


São Paulo state

The current governor, Geraldo Alckmin, is not able to run for a second reelection.


The potential candidates include, in no particular order: [2]

  • Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) – the governing party appears that will have some delay on defining its candidate, since the most prominents names in the state are either unable to run for this post or interested in the presidential post. The name of former brazilian president Fernando Henrique Cardoso, however, has been mentioned favorably in the polls. Some claims that the former first lady, Ruth Cardoso, is the best party candidate.
  • Workers' Party (PT) – the main opposition party in the state has two main pre-candidates:
    • Marta Suplicy, former mayor of São Paulo city, and although she lost her reelection to José Serra, she is still a strong political candidate,
    • Aloísio Mercadante, senator of São Paulo in the fourth year of his term (the term of a senator in Brazil is eight years-long), has been shown to be the party's most competitive candidate in the polls so far, although having never occupied an executive post.
  • Former governor of São Paulo Orestes Quércia is currently leading the polls by a very little margin, and this is likely to change after the candidates are announced and campaigning begins.

The Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) is a political party in Brazil. ... Fernando Henrique Cardoso (born June 18, 1931) was the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil from January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2002. ... Ruth Volgl Cardoso (February 9, 1934 – February 11, 2000) was a chess player who was born in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:Political crisis in Brazil The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. ... Marta Suplicy (1945-) is a Brazilian politician and psychologist graduted to the Michigan State University (1966-1968), PUC-SP (1969-1975); and post-graduated to Stanford University (1973). ... The title of this article contains the character ã. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Sao Paulo. ... José Serra in speech after being elected mayor in 2004. ...

Paraná State

Governor Roberto Requião will probably run for re-election, and is claimed to be the favorite to win.

  • Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB) – governor Roberto Requião is the only candidate of the party.
  • Workers' Party (PT) – PT have not yet decided if they will support the governor run or not. But it is likely that senator Flavio Arns will be the party's nomination.
  • Democratic Labour Party (PDT) – the party will probably nominate the name of senator Osmar Dias.
  • Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) – Like PT, PSDB have not yet decided if they will support the governor run or not. But it is most likely that they will either support Osmar Dias's nomination or will nominate senator Alvaro Dias.
  • Popular Socialist Party PPS – Rubens Bueno, who runned in the 2002 state elections and in the 2004 municipal elections, is the only candidate of the party.

The Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (Portuguese: Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, PMDB) is a centrist, more or less liberal, party in Brazil. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:Political crisis in Brazil The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. ... The Democratic Labour Party is a name used by many political parties: Australia - Democratic Labor Party Barbados - Democratic Labour Party Brazil - Democratic Labour Party South Korea - Democratic Labour Party Trinidad and Tobago - Democratic Labour Party (major party 1960-1976) United Kingdom - Democratic Labour Party West Indies Federation See also: List... The Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) is a political party in Brazil. ... The Socialist Peoples Party (Portuguese: Partido Popular Socialista, PPS) is a political party in Brazil. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Brazilian General Elections, 2006 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (545 words)
In 2006, the General Elections are to be held on October 1 and on October 29 (second round for the presidential and state gubernatorial ballots, if necessary).
Brazil is a highly centralized Federation; hence, the terms and election dates for State-level elections are determined by the Federal Constitution and are held in the same dates and years of the Federal Elections.
State elections in 2006 will include elections to the unicameral Legislative Assemblies in all States and to the unicameral Legislative Chamber of the Federal District.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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