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Encyclopedia > Bratislava
Bratislava
City
none Bratislava's Old Town in the evening from Petržalka.
Bratislava's Old Town in the evening from Petržalka.
Flag
Coat of arms
Nickname: Beauty on the Danube
Country Flag of Slovakia Slovakia
Region Bratislava
Districts Bratislava I, II, III, IV, V
Rivers Danube, Morava, Little Danube
Elevation 134 m (440 ft)
Coordinates 48°08′41″N 17°06′46″E / 48.14472, 17.11278
Highest point Devínska Kobyla
 - elevation 514 m (1,686 ft)
Lowest point Danube River
 - elevation 126 m (413 ft)
Area 367.584 km² (142 sq mi)
 - metro 2,053 km² (793 sq mi)
Population 426,927 (2007-12-31)
 - urban 500,000
 - metro 600,000
Density 1,161 /km² (3,007 /sq mi)
First mentioned 907
Government City council
Mayor Andrej Ďurkovský
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 8XX XX
Phone prefix 421-2
Car plate BA
Location in Slovakia
Location in the Bratislava Region
Wikimedia Commons: Bratislava
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.bratislava.sk

Bratislava (Slovak pronunciation : [ˈbracɪslava], historically known by foreign and alternative names) is the capital of Slovakia and, with a population of 426,000, the country's largest city.[1] Bratislava is in the southwest of Slovakia on both banks of the Danube River. Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two other countries.[2] It and Vienna are also two of Europe's closest national capitals, at less than 60 kilometres apart.[3] Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak: Staré Mesto, Hungarian: Óváros) is the name of the historic center and one of the city parts of the town of Bratislava in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... , Petržalka (Hungarian (Pozsony)ligetfalu, German Engerau) is the largest borough of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava Region (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia. ... The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak Staré Mesto) is the name of the historic center and one of the city parts of the town of Bratislava in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava II (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava III is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava IV is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava V is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... This article is about the Danube River. ... There are several European rivers called Morava: Morava river, Central Europe Morava rivers, Serbia Morava is also the Czech and Slovak name for Moravia, the eastern part of the Czech Republic. ... The Little Danube (Slovak: Malý Dunaj, Hungarian: Kis-Duna) is a branch of the river Danube in Slovakia. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Devínska Kobyla as seen from Devín Devínska Kobyla (German: ) is a mountain in the Little Carpathians, within the territory of Bratislava, Slovakia, between Devínska Nová Ves, Devín and Dúbravka boroughs. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg, Germany... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Andrej ÄŽurkovský (born 5 September 1958 in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia) is a Slovak politician and member of the Christian Democratic Movement. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Since 1997, the Slovak car registration plate number (Slovak: EÄŒV, evidenčné číslo vozidla) generally takes the form XX-NNNYY, where XX is a two letter code corresponding to a district (okres), NNN is three digit number and YY are two letters (assigned alphabetically). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 431 pixelsFull resolution (1170 × 630 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Slovakia_-_outline_map. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Nickname: Beauty on the Danube Country  Slovakia Region Districts Rivers Elevation 134 m (440 ft) Coordinates , Highest point Devínska Kobyla  - elevation 514 m (1,686 ft) Lowest point Danube River  - elevation 126 m (413 ft) Area 367. ... This article is about the Danube River. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ...


Bratislava is the political, cultural and economic centre of Slovakia. It is the seat of the Slovak presidency, the parliament, and the government. It is also home to several universities, museums, theatres, galleries and other important economic, cultural, and educational institutions.[4] The headquarters of many of Slovakia's large businesses and financial institutions are in Bratislava as well. Politics of XX takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Slovakia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... y8p-tl9 tp;l,;R&okyu ... Headquarters of Slovakias central bank in Bratislava Slovakia is a middle size economy of Central Europe. ... Flag of the President of Slovakia This is a list of the Presidents of Slovakia. ... Building of the National Council of the Slovak Republic next to the Bratislava Castle The National Council of the Slovak Republic (in Slovak: Národná rada Slovenskej republiky, often just: Národná rada, abbr. ...


The history of the city, long known by the German name Pressburg, has been strongly influenced by various peoples, including Austrians, Czechs, Germans, Hungarians, Jews and Slovaks.[5] The city was the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary under the Habsburg monarchy from 1536 to 1783. Bratislava was home to the Slovak national movement of the 19th century and to many Slovak, Hungarian and German historical figures. Hungarian may refer to: Hungary or the Kingdom of Hungary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular...

Contents

Etymology

See also: Names of European cities in different languages: B

The first written reference (as Brezalauspurc, another variant is Preslavaspurc) comes from the Salzburg Annals, in relation to the battles between the Bavarians and the Hungarians, fought outside the walls of Bratislava Castle in 907.[6] The castle was probably named after Predslav, third son of King Svätopluk I;[7] however, Brezalauspurc literally means "Braslav's Castle" and therefore the town was probably named after Braslav, the last military commander of Pannonia, a province in East Francia.[8] This ancient name reappears under the variant Braslava or Preslava on coins minted by King Stephen I of Hungary and dated around 1000.[9] Later in the Middle Ages, it found its final form in the German name Pressburg and the Slovak name Prešporok derived from it.[9][10] Pressburg was used to refer to the city by most English-speaking writers until 1919,[11] and it is occasionally so used even today. The Hungarians used Pozsony[10] (spelled Posony before the 19th century) and it is still in use in Hungarian. The Latin name Posonium is derived from the Hungarian.[12] Its Hungarian and Latin denominations might have come from the Hungarian name Poson,[8] or from the name of Božaň, an 11th-century ruler (1053–99) of Bratislava Castle.[12] In addition to these names, Renaissance documents called the city Istropolis, meaning "Danube City" in Ancient Greek (for example, see Universitas Istropolitana). The Annales Iuvavenses or Annals of Salzburg were a series of annals written in the 9th and 10th centuries from Salzburg. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bratislava Castle The Bratislava Castle (Slovak: Bratislavský hrad) is the main castle of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Svatopluk (-modern Czech name; modern Slovak name: Svätopluk; Old Slavic Свѧтопълкъ; reconstructed name: Sventopluk; some names in Latin texts: Suentopolcus, Zventopluk, Suatopluk, Zwentibald) (around 830 - 894) from the Mojmírs dynasty was the prince of the Nitrian principality (850s - 871) and then the king of Great Moravia (871 - 894). ... Braslav was a Prince of Southern Pannonia (Savia; TransSavian Croatia) in 880-898/900 vassalaged to the Kingdom of East Francia. ... For other uses, see Pannonia (disambiguation). ... Eastern Francia were the lands of Louis the German after the Treaty of Verdun of 843. ... Saint Stephen I (Hungarian: , Slovak: ) (967/969/975, Esztergom, Hungary – 15 August 1038, Esztergom, Hungary), Grand Prince of the Magyars (997-1000/1001) and the first King of Hungary (1000/1001-1038). ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Beginning of Homers Odyssey The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage of the Greek language[1] as it existed during the Archaic (9th–6th centuries BC) and Classical (5th–4th centuries BC) periods in Ancient Greece. ... The Universitas Istropolitana (since the 16th century frequently - but wrongly - known as the Academia Istropolitana) in Pressburg (todays Bratislava) was the first university to be founded in the territory of present-day Slovakia. ...


The current name, Bratislava, has its beginnings in 1837, when Slavist scholar Pavel Jozef Šafárik reconstructed a variant of it (Břetislaw)[13] from old names, believing that they were derived from that of Bohemian ruler Bretislav I. The name was used for the first time by members of the Slovak movement in 1844 as Bratislav.[13] After World War I, non-Slovak representatives attempted to rename the city "Wilson City" after American president Woodrow Wilson in their effort to prevent annexation to Czechoslovakia. The proposal was rejected, and the official name of the city was changed to Bratislava in March 1919, after the city became part of Czechoslovakia. Pavel Jozef Å afárik (Safáry / Schaffáry/ Schafary/ Saf(f)arik / Å afarík/ Szafarzik, Czech Pavel Josef Å afařík, modern Slovak Pavol Jozef Å afárik, German Paul Joseph Schaffarik, Latin Paulus Josephus Schaffarik, Hungarian Pál József Saf(f)arik) (13 May 1795 in Kobeliarovo, Slovakia (at that... For other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... BÅ™etislav the Bohemian Achilles (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856—February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ...


History

Main article: History of Bratislava
An original Biatec and its replica on a modern 5-koruna coin.
An original Biatec and its replica on a modern 5-koruna coin.

The first known permanent settlement of the area began with the Linear Pottery Culture, around 5000 BC in the Neolithic era. About 200 BC, the Celtic Boii tribe founded the first significant settlement, a fortified town known as an oppidum, and also established a mint which produced silver coins known as biatecs.[14] The area fell under Roman influence from the 1st century AD until the 4th century and formed part of the Limes Romanus, a border defence system.[15] The Romans introduced grape growing to the area and began a tradition of winemaking, which survives to the present.[16] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... An original Biatec and its replica on a modern 5-koruna coin. ... ISO 4217 Code SKK User(s) Slovakia Inflation 2. ... // Linear pottery. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples:  core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BC  maximal Celtic expansion, by the 3rd century BC  the six Celtic nations which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern period  areas where Celtic languages remain widely spoken today Celts (pronounced or , see pronunciation... Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; Greek Βοιοι) is the Roman name of an ancient Celtic tribe, attested at various times in Transalpine Gaul (modern France) and Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), as well as in Pannonia (today Western Hungary), Bohemia, Moravia and western Slovakia and also Transylvania (from 1st century to 18... Oppidum (plural oppida) is a Latin word meaning the main settlement in any administrative area of ancient Rome. ... A mint is a facility which manufactures coins for currency. ... An original Biatec and its replica on a modern 5-koruna coin. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The limes Germanicus, 2nd century. ... wine grapes Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production and study of grapes which deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. ... Winemakers often use carboys like these to ferment smaller quantities of wine Winemaking, or vinification, is the process of wine production, from the selection of grapes to the bottling of finished wine. ...


The Slavic ancestors of the modern Slovaks arrived between the 5th and 6th centuries during the Migration Period.[17] As a response to onslaughts by Avars, the local Slavic tribes rebelled and established Samo's Empire (623–658), the first known Slavic political entity. In the 9th century, the castles at Bratislava and Devín were important centres of the Slavic states the Principality of Nitra and Great Moravia.[18] The first written reference to the city dates to 907 and is related to the fall of Great Moravia under the attacks of the Hungarians.[19] The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another, rather than of individual wanderers. ... The Eurasian Avars were a nomadic people of Eurasia who established a state in the Danube River area of Europe in the early 6th century. ... This biography does not cite any references or sources. ... Devín (Slovak: Devín or Devínsky hrad) is a castle in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... The Principality of Nitra or Nitrian Principality (Slovak: Nitrianske kniežatstvo, Nitriansko, Nitrava) was a principality in what is today Slovakia and some adjacent territories in present-day Hungary in the Middle Ages. ... Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ...

Bratislava (Pozsony) in the 17th century
Bratislava (Pozsony) in the 17th century

In the 10th century, the territory of Bratislava (what would later become the Pressburg county) became part of Hungary (called "the Kingdom of Hungary" from 1000) and became a key economic and administrative centre on the kingdom's frontier.[20] This strategic position destined the city to be the site of frequent attacks and battles, but also brought it economic development and high political status. Bratislava was granted its first known town privileges in 1291 by Andrew III,[21] and was declared a free royal town in 1405 by King Sigismund of Luxemburg, who also entitled the town to use its own coat of arms in 1436.[22] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Andrew III (Endre) of the Arpad dynasty was king of Hungary 1290-1301 and the last male of Arpads to hold the throne. ... Sigismund, aged approximately 50, depicted by unknown artist in the 1420s — the only contemporary portrait. ... Coat of arms of Bratislava A hanging portcullis in the Bratislava old town, with the city coat of arms in the centre The Coat of arms of Bratislava has been used since 1436, when Sigismund of Luxembourg granted the town right to use its own coat of arms. ...


After the Battle of Mohács in 1526, where the Kingdom of Hungary was defeated by the Ottoman Empire, the Turks besieged and damaged Bratislava but failed to conquer the city.[23] Owing to Ottoman advances into Hungarian territory, Bratislava was designated the new capital of Hungary in 1536, becoming part of the Habsburg (Austrian) monarchy and marking the beginning of a new era. Bratislava became a coronation town and the seat of kings, archbishops (1543), the nobility and all major organisations and offices. Between 1536 and 1830, 11 kings and queens were crowned at St. Martin's Cathedral.[24] Nevertheless, the 17th century was marked by anti-Habsburg uprisings, fighting with the Turks, floods, plagues and other disasters.[25] The Reformation arrived in the second half of the 16th century and found supporters mainly in the urban class. As a result of frequent insurrections against the Catholic Habsburgs, the suburbs were ravaged. The city and the castle were conquered several times by insurgents, then reconquered by the Imperial troops. This period of uprisings ended in 1711 with the signing of the Peace of Szatmár.[26] This article is about the better-known Battle of Mohács of 1526. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... St. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Treaty of Szatmár (or the Peace of Szatmár) was signed on April 30, 1711 between Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Hungarian Commander-in-Chief Sándor Károlyi and János Pálffy. ...

Bratislava (Pozsony), in a drawing from 1787
Bratislava (Pozsony), in a drawing from 1787

Bratislava flourished during the 18th century reign of Maria Theresa of Austria, becoming the largest and most important town in the territory of present-day Slovakia and Hungary.[27] The population tripled; many new palaces, monasteries, mansions, and streets were built, and Bratislava was the centre of social and cultural life of the region.[28] However, Bratislava started to lose its importance under the reign of Maria Theresa's son Joseph II, especially when the crown jewels were taken to Vienna in 1783 in an attempt to strengthen the union between Austria and Hungary. Many central offices subsequently moved to Buda, followed by a large segment of the nobility.[29] Bratislava became a centre for the Slovak national movement: in 1783, the first newspaper in Slovak, Presspurske Nowiny (Pressburg Newspaper), and the first Slovak novel were published.[30] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 489 pixels Full resolution (1714 × 1047 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 489 pixels Full resolution (1714 × 1047 pixel, file size: 1. ... Not to be confused with Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867). ... Joseph II (full name: Joseph Benedikt August Johannes Anton Michel Adam; March 13, 1741 – February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Buda (German: Ofen, Croatian: Budim, Slovak: Budín, Serbian: Будим or Budim, Turkish: Budin) is the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest on the right bank of the Danube. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Bratislava (Pressburg), ca. 1840
Bratislava (Pressburg), ca. 1840

The 19th century history of Bratislava was closely tied to the major events in Europe. The Peace of Pressburg between Austria and France was signed in Bratislava in 1805.[31] Devín Castle was ruined by Napoleon's French troops in 1809, and Bratislava Castle destroyed by fire in 1811.[32] As a reaction to the Revolutions of 1848, Ferdinand V signed the so-called March laws (also called April laws), which included the abolition of serfdom, at the Primate's Palace.[33] Industry grew rapidly in the 19th century. The first horse-drawn railway in the Kingdom of Hungary,[34] from Bratislava to Svätý Jur, was built in 1840.[35] A new line to Vienna using steam locomotives was opened in 1848.[36] Many new industrial, financial and other institutions were founded; for example, the first bank established in present-day Slovakia was founded in 1842.[37] The city's first permanent bridge over the Danube, Starý most, was built in 1891.[38] The Peace of Pressburg (also called Peace of Bratislava) is the name of 4 peace agreements concluded in the present-day town of Bratislava. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... From March 1848 through July 1849, the Habsburgs Austrian Empire was threatened by revolutionary movements. ... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... The March laws were laws abolishing serfdom in the Kingdom of Hungary. ... Serf redirects here. ... Primates Palace Primates Palace at night The Primates Palace (Slovak: ) is a neo-Classical palace in Bratislava, Old Town. ... Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ... The Gothic church of St. ... One of the last mainline steam locomotives built in the UK: British Railways Standard Class 9F 2-10-0 no. ... Bridge from the Petržalka side The Starý most (literally Old Bridge, formerly Most ÄŒervenej armády, i. ...

Allied ordnance damage at the Apollo company industrial plant in Bratislava, September 1944
Allied ordnance damage at the Apollo company industrial plant in Bratislava, September 1944

After World War I and the formation of Czechoslovakia on October 28, 1918, Bratislava was incorporated into the new state despite its representatives' reluctance.[39] The dominant Hungarian and German population tried to prevent annexation of Bratislava to Czechoslovakia and declared it a free city. However, the Czechoslovak Legions arrived in the city on 1 January 1919, thereby making it part of Czechoslovakia.[39] The city immediately became the seat of Slovakia's political organs and organizations, preferred over Martin and Nitra for Slovakia's capital because of its economic importance and its strategic position on the Danube.[40] On March 27, 1919, the name Bratislava was officially adopted for the first time.[41] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 703 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1130 × 964 pixel, file size: 565 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bratislava ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 703 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1130 × 964 pixel, file size: 565 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bratislava ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... Slovnaft Plc. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... , Country Region District River Elevation 395 m (1,296 ft) Coordinates , Area 67. ... Nitra - City Center Nitra (German: ( ); Hungarian: / Nyitria [archaic]) is a city in western Slovakia (and the fourth largest urban settlement in Slovakia) situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the Nitra River valley. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In 1938, Nazi Germany annexed neighbouring Austria in the Anschluss; later that year it also annexed the still-independent Petržalka and Devín boroughs on ethnic grounds.[42][43] Bratislava was declared the capital of the first independent Slovak Republic on 14 March 1939, but the new state quickly fell under Nazi influence. In 1941–1942 and 1944–1945, the new Slovak government expelled most of Bratislava's approximately 15,000 Jews,[44] with most of them being sent into concentration camps.[45] Bratislava was bombarded by the Allies, occupied by German troops in 1944 and eventually taken by the Soviet Red Army on April 4, 1945.[42][46] At the end of World War II, most Bratislava Germans were evacuated by German authorities; a few returned after the war, but were expelled under the Beneš decrees.[47] Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... , Petržalka (Hungarian (Pozsony)ligetfalu, German Engerau) is the largest borough of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Anthem Nad Tatrou sa blýska / Hej, Slováci Capital Bratislava Language(s) Slovak Government Republic President Jozef Tiso Historical era World War II  - Secession 14 March, 1939  - Slovak National Uprising 29 August, 1944  - Fall of Bratislava 4 April, 1945  - Capitulation 8 May, 1945 Area  - 1940 38,055 km² Population... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem Nad Tatrou sa blýska / Hej, Slováci Capital Bratislava Language(s) Slovak Government Republic President Jozef Tiso Historical era World War II  - Secession 14 March, 1939  - Slovak National Uprising 29 August, 1944  - Fall of Bratislava 4 April, 1945  - Capitulation 8 May, 1945 Area  - 1940 38,055 km² Population... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The BeneÅ¡ decrees (Czech: ; German: ; Slovak: ; Hungarian: ) refers to a series of laws enacted by the Czechoslovak government of exile during World War II in absence of Czechoslovak parliament (see details in Czechoslovakia: World War II (1939 - 1945)). Today, the term is most frequently used for the part of them...

Nový Most (New Bridge) and the Petržalka borough from the Bratislava Castle
Nový Most (New Bridge) and the Petržalka borough from the Bratislava Castle

After the Communist Party seized power in Czechoslovakia in February 1948, the city became part of the Eastern Bloc. The city annexed new land, and the population rose significantly, becoming 90% Slovak. Large residential areas consisting of high-rise prefabricated panel buildings, such as those in the Petržalka borough, were built. The Communist government also built several new grandiose buildings, such as the Nový Most bridge and the Slovak Radio headquarters, sometimes at the expense of the historical cityscape. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, in Czech and in Slovak: Komunistická strana ÄŒeskoslovenska (KSÄŒ) was a political party in Czechoslovakia that existed between 1921 and 1992. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc 1948-1989. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tower block. ... The Nový Most (New Bridge; formerly Most SNP - Bridge of the Slovak National Uprising) in Bratislava is a road bridge over the Danube in the capital of Slovakia. ... Slovak Radio headquarters The Slovak Radio (Slovak: ) is the Slovak national public service radio broadcaster. ...


In 1968, after the unsuccessful Czechoslovak attempt to liberalize the Communist regime, the city had to suffer Warsaw Pact troops occupation. Shortly after, the city became capital of the Slovak Socialist Republic, one of the two states of the federalized Czechoslovakia. Bratislava's dissidents anticipated the fall of the Communism with the Bratislava candle demonstration in 1988, and the city became one of the foremost centres of the anti-Communist Velvet Revolution in 1989.[48] People in a café watch Soviet tanks roll past The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar, Russian: пражская весна) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5, 1968 when Alexander Dubček came to power, and running until August 20 of that year when the... Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... From 1969 to 1990, the Slovak Socialist Republic (Slovenská socialistická republika in Slovak; abbreviated SSR) was the official name of that part of Czechoslovakia that is Slovakia today. ... The Candle Demonstration (in Slovak sviečková demonštrácia) on 25 March 1988 in Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia was the first mass demonstration of the 1980s against communist regime in Czechoslovakia. ... Non-violent protesters face armed policemen The Velvet Revolution (Czech: , Slovak: ) (November 16 – December 29, 1989) refers to a non-violent revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the Communist government there;[1] it is seen as one of the most important of the Revolutions of 1989. ...

President George W. Bush and Slovakia's former Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda are greeted by a crowd of thousands gathered in Bratislava's Hviezdoslavovo Square.
President George W. Bush and Slovakia's former Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda are greeted by a crowd of thousands gathered in Bratislava's Hviezdoslavovo Square.

In 1993, the city became the capital of the newly formed Slovak Republic following the Velvet Divorce.[49] In the 1990s and the early 21st century, the city's economy boomed due to foreign investment. The flourishing city also hosted several important cultural and political events, including the Slovakia Summit 2005 between George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin. George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Mikuláš Dzurinda Mikuláš Dzurinda (born February 4, 1955) served as the Prime Minister of Slovakia from October 30, 1998 until July 4, 2006 (after re-election in October 2002). ... National motto: None Official language Slovak Capital Bratislava President Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 126th 49,035 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked 103rd 5,379,455 109/km² Independence January 1, 1993 (division of Czechoslovakia) Currency Slovak koruna Time zone  - in summer CET... The Velvet Divorce is a journalistic term for the dissolution of the former country of Czechoslovakia into the nations of Slovakia and the Czech Republic, effective January 1, 1993. ... Slovakia Summit 2005 official logo Slovakia Summit 2005 commencement stamp Bratislava Castle, location of the Slovakia Summit 2005 Bush Putin Summit in Slovenia in 2001 The Slovakia Summit 2005 was a summit between George W. Bush, the president of the United States of America, and Vladimir Putin, the president of... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: Russian pronunciation: ) (born October 7, 1952, in Leningrad, U.S.S.R., now Saint Petersburg, Russia) is a Russian politician who was the 2nd President of the Russian Federation from 2000 to 2008. ...


Geography

Bratislava seen from Spot Satellite
Bratislava seen from Spot Satellite

Bratislava is situated in southwest Slovakia, within the Bratislava Region. Its location on the borders with Austria and Hungary makes it the only national capital that borders two countries. It is only 62 kilometres (38.5 mi) from the border with the Czech Republic and only 60 kilometres (37 mi) from the Austrian capital Vienna.[50] Bratislava is situated in the extreme south-west of Slovakia Bratislava, the capital city of Slovakia, is situated in the central Europe and in the south-west within Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava Region (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ...


The city has a total area of 367.58 square kilometres (141.9 sq mi), making it the second-largest city in Slovakia by area (after the township of Vysoké Tatry).[51] Bratislava straddles the Danube River, which crosses the city from the west to the south-east. The Middle Danube basin begins at Devín Gate in western Bratislava. Other rivers are the Morava River, which forms the north-western border of the city and enters the Danube at Devín, the Little Danube, and the Vydrica, which enters the Danube in the borough of Karlova Ves. Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Vysoké Tatry (literally High Tatras), informally Mesto Vysoké Tatry (literally The Town of High Tatras ), is a town in the High Tatras in Slovakia regrouping all major resorts in the High Tatras. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg, Germany... This article is about the Danube River. ... Devín Gate (Slovak: , formerly Latin: ) is a natural gate in the Danube valley at the border of Slovakia and Austria. ... The Morava (Czech / Slovak: Morava; German: ) is a river in Central Europe. ... The Little Danube (Slovak: Malý Dunaj, Hungarian: Kis-Duna) is a branch of the river Danube in Slovakia. ... Vydrica near Železná studienka, part of the Bratislava Forest Park The Vydrica is a small 17 km long river in south west Slovakia, which originates in the Little Carpathians at about 450 m AMSL. The river passes through the Bratislava Forest Park and enters the Danube in Karlova Ves, city... Karlova Ves (German: , Hungarian: ) is a city part in the western part of Bratislava and a part of the Bratislava IV district, located near the southern end of the Little Carpathians. ...


The Carpathian mountain range begins in city territory with the Little Carpathians (Malé Karpaty). The Záhorie and Danubian lowlands stretch into Bratislava. The city's lowest point is at the Danube's surface at 126 metres (410 ft) AMSL, and the highest point is Devínska Kobyla at 514 metres (1,690 ft). The average altitude is 140 metres (460 ft).[52] Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... Lesser Carpathians around ÄŒervený Kameň Castle Little Carpathians (Slovak: ; frequent other translations to English are Lesser Carpathians or - wrongly - Small Carpathians) are a low 100 km long mountain range (part of the Carpathian Mountains system) in western Slovakia, covering the area from Bratislava to Nové Mesto nad Váhom. ... Záhorie is a (non-administrative) region in Slovakia situated between the Little Carpathians and the borders between Slovakia, Czechia, and Austria. ... The Danubian Lowland (Slovak: Podunajská nížina) is the name of the part of Little Alföld (Slovak: Malá dunajská kotlina) situated between the Danube, the Little Carpathians and all the other Western Carpathians, i. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Devínska Kobyla as seen from Devín Devínska Kobyla (German: ) is a mountain in the Little Carpathians, within the territory of Bratislava, Slovakia, between Devínska Nová Ves, Devín and Dúbravka boroughs. ...

Panorama of the Old Town (left) and Petržalka (right) from Bratislava Castle

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (5300x1150, 1359 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bratislava ... The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak: Staré Mesto, Hungarian: Óváros) is the name of the historic center and one of the city parts of the town of Bratislava in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... , Petržalka (Hungarian (Pozsony)ligetfalu, German Engerau) is the largest borough of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Bratislava Castle The Bratislava Castle (Slovak: Bratislavský hrad) is the main castle of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ...

Climate

Bratislava lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is often windy with a marked variation between hot summers and cold, humid winters. The city is in one of the warmest and driest parts of Slovakia.[53] Recently, the transitions from winter to summer and summer to winter have been rapid, with short autumn and spring periods. Snow occurs less frequently than previously.[54] Some parts of Bratislava, particularly Devín and Devínska Nová Ves, are vulnerable to floods from the Danube and Morava rivers.[55] New flood protection is being built on both banks.[56] For the usage in virology, see temperate (virology). ... Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ... Devínska Nová Ves (German: ) is a city part of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ...

Weather averages for Bratislava
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2 (36) 4 (40) 10 (51) 15 (60) 20 (65) 23 (75) 26 (79) 26 (79) 21 (71) 15 (59) 7 (45) 3 (38) 15 (58)
Average low °C (°F) -3 (26) -2 (28) 1 (35) 4 (40) 9 (49) 12 (55) 14 (58) 13 (57) 10 (51) 5 (42) 1 (34) -1 (30) 5 (42)
Precipitation cm (inches) 3 (1.4) 4 (1.6) 3 (1.5) 3 (1.4) 5 (2.2) 7 (2.8) 6 (2.5) 6 (2.4) 3 (1.5) 4 (1.6) 5 (2.1) 5 (2) 58 (23)
Source: Weatherbase[57] 2007-04-30

Cityscape and architecture

The cityscape of Bratislava is characterized by medieval towers and grandiose 20th century buildings, but has undergone profound changes in a construction boom at the start of the 21st century.[58]


City

The Old Town Hall, viewed from the Main Square
The Old Town Hall, viewed from the Main Square

Most historical buildings are concentrated in the Old Town. Bratislava's Town Hall is a complex of three buildings erected in the 14th–15th centuries and now hosts the Bratislava City Museum. Michael's Gate is the only gate that has been preserved from the medieval fortifications, and it ranks among the oldest of the town's buildings;[59] the narrowest house in Europe is nearby.[60] The University Library building, erected in 1756, was used by the Diet (parliament) of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1802 to 1848.[61] Much of the significant legislation of the Hungarian Reform Era (such as the abolition of serfdom and the foundation of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) was enacted there.[61] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) city of Bratislava - old town hall on mainsquare selftaken on July, 17th, 2004 photographer: Martin Proehl File links The following pages on the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) city of Bratislava - old town hall on mainsquare selftaken on July, 17th, 2004 photographer: Martin Proehl File links The following pages on the... Old Town Hall of Bratislava (Stará radnica in Slovak) is one of the oldest stone buildings in Bratislava, and the oldest city hall in Slovakia. ... Main Square in Bratislava Hlavné námestie (literally Main Square) is one of the best known squares in Bratislava. ... The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak: Staré Mesto, Hungarian: Óváros) is the name of the historic center and one of the city parts of the town of Bratislava in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... Old Town Hall of Bratislava (Stará radnica in Slovak) is one of the oldest stone buildings in Bratislava, and the oldest city hall in Slovakia. ... Seat of the City Museum The Bratislava City Museum (Slovak: ) is a museum in Bratislava, Slovakia, established in 1868. ... A modern picture In Bratislava, Slovakia, Michaels Gate is the only gate that has been preserved of the medieval fortifications and ranks among the oldest town buildings. ... St. ... The Hungarian Reform Era was a period of Hungarian history which saw the abolition of serfdom and the foundation of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences). ... Serf redirects here. ... The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS, in Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia) was founded in 1825, when Count István Széchenyi offered one years income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Bratislava (seat...


The historic centre is characterised by many baroque palaces. The Grassalkovich Palace, built around 1760, is now the residence of the Slovak president, and the Slovak government now has its seat in the former Archiepiscopal Palace.[62] In 1805, diplomats of emperors Napoleon and Francis II signed the fourth Peace of Pressburg in the Primate's Palace, after Napoleon's victory in the Battle of Austerlitz.[63] Some smaller houses are historically significant; composer Johann Nepomuk Hummel was born in an 18th century house in the Old Town. For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... The Grassalkovich Palace The Grassalkovich Palace (in Slovak Grasalkovičov palác) or the Presidential Palace (Prezidentský palác) is a palace in Bratislava and the seat of the President of Slovakia. ... Summer Archbishops Palace - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832 Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. ... The Peace of Pressburg (also called Peace of Bratislava) is the name of 4 peace agreements concluded in the present-day town of Bratislava. ... Primates Palace Primates Palace at night The Primates Palace (Slovak: ) is a neo-Classical palace in Bratislava, Old Town. ... Combatants French Empire Russian Empire Austrian Empire Commanders Napoleon I Alexander I Francis II Strength 65,000[1] 73,000[2] Casualties 1,305 dead, 6,940 wounded, 573 captured, 1 standard lost[3] 15,000 dead or wounded, 12,000 captured, 180 guns lost, 50 standards lost[3] The... Johann Nepomuk Hummel Johann Nepomuk Hummel or Jan Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 1778 – 17 October 1837) was a composer and virtuoso pianist of Austrian origin who was born in Pressburg (present-day Bratislava, Slovakia). ...


Notable cathedrals and churches include the Gothic St. Martin's Cathedral built in the 13th–16th centuries, which served as the coronation church of the Kingdom of Hungary between 1563 and 1830.[64] The Franciscan Church, dating to the 13th century, has been a place of knighting ceremonies and is the oldest preserved sacral building in the city.[65] The Church of St. Elisabeth, better known as the Blue Church due to its colour, is built entirely in the Art Nouveau style. The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... St. ... The Franciscan Church (Slovak: Kostol frantiÅ¡kánov or FrantiÅ¡kánsky kostol) ranks among the oldest churches in the Old Town of Bratislava, Slovakia. ... The Blue Church The Church of St. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ...


A curiosity is the underground (formerly ground-level) restored portion of the Jewish cemetery where 19th century Rabbi Moses Sofer is buried, located at the base of the castle hill near the entrance to a tram tunnel.[66] The only military cemetery in Bratislava is Slavín, unveiled in 1960 in honour of Soviet Army soldiers who fell when liberating Bratislava from German troops. It offers an excellent view of the city and the Little Carpathians.[67][68] Rabbi Moses ben Samuel Sofer or Schreiber, also known by his main work Hatam Sofer or the Chasam Soifer (שות חתם סופר - Responsa the Seal of the Scribe), was one of the leading rabbis of European Jewry in the first half of the nineteenth century. ... Slavín Slavín in Bratislava is a monumental memorial and cemetery of Soviet Army soldiers who fell during WWII when liberating the city of Bratislava in April 1945 from Nazi German troops. ... This article is about the armed forces of the Soviet Union. ... Lesser Carpathians around ÄŒervený Kameň Castle Little Carpathians (Slovak: ; frequent other translations to English are Lesser Carpathians or - wrongly - Small Carpathians) are a low 100 km long mountain range (part of the Carpathian Mountains system) in western Slovakia, covering the area from Bratislava to Nové Mesto nad Váhom. ...


Other prominent 20th century structures include the Nový Most (New Bridge) across the Danube featuring a UFO-like tower restaurant, Slovak Radio's inverted pyramid-shaped headquarters, and the uniquely designed Kamzík TV Tower with an observation deck and rotating restaurant. In the early 21st century, new edifices have transformed the traditional cityscape. The construction boom has spawned new public buildings,[69] such as the Most Apollo and a new building of the Slovak National Theatre,[70] as well as private real-estate development.[71] The Nový Most (New Bridge; formerly Most SNP - Bridge of the Slovak National Uprising) in Bratislava is a road bridge over the Danube in the capital of Slovakia. ... This article is about the Danube River. ... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... Slovak Radio headquarters The Slovak Radio (Slovak: ) is the Slovak national public service radio broadcaster. ... A photograph of the Kamzík TV Tower, overlooking Bratislava. ... The Most Apollo (Bridge Apollo; also known as Most KoÅ¡ická after the street leading to it) in Bratislava is a road bridge over the Danube in the capital of Slovakia. ... The Slovak National Theatre building The Slovak National Theatre (in Slovak Slovenské národné divadlo ) denotes: a) the oldest Slovak professional theatre consisting of 3 ensembles b) a Neo-Renaissance theatre building in the Old Town of Bratislava, Slovakia, housing two ensembles of a) c) a modern huge theatre building in... A real estate developer (American English) or property developer (British English) makes improvements of some kind to real property, thereby increasing its value. ...


Bratislava Castle

Main article: Bratislava Castle

One of the most prominent structures in the city is Bratislava Castle, on a plateau 85 metres (279 ft) above the Danube. The castle hill site has been inhabited since the transition period between the Stone and Bronze ages[72] and has been the acropolis of a Celtic town, part of the Roman Limes Romanus, a huge Slavic fortified settlement, and a political, military and religious centre for Great Moravia.[73] A stone castle was not constructed until the 10th century, when the area was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The castle was converted into a Gothic anti-Hussite fortress under Sigismund of Luxemburg in 1430, became a Renaissance castle in 1562,[74] and was rebuilt in 1649 in the baroque style. Under Queen Maria Theresa, the castle became a prestigious royal seat. In 1811, the castle was inadvertently destroyed and lay in ruins until the 1950s,[75] when it was rebuilt mostly in its former Theresan style. Bratislava Castle The Bratislava Castle (Slovak: Bratislavský hrad) is the main castle of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 307 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bratislava, Slovakia, Castle. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 307 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bratislava, Slovakia, Castle. ... Bratislava Castle The Bratislava Castle (Slovak: Bratislavský hrad) is the main castle of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Bratislava Castle The Bratislava Castle (Slovak: Bratislavský hrad) is the main castle of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Acropolis (Gr. ... This article is about the European people. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... A limes (or the Limes Romanus) is a border defence system of the Ancient Rome. ... Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ... For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... International Gothic is a subset of Gothic art developed in Burgundy, Bohemia and northern Italy in the late 1300s and early 1400s. ... The Hussites were a Christian movement following the teachings of the reformer Jan Hus (circa 1369–1415), who was influenced by John Wyclif and became one of the forerunners of the Protestant Reformation. ... Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Cleopatra is one of the most well-known queens regnant A queen regnant (plural queens regnant) is a woman monarch possessing and exercising all of the monarchal powers of a king, in contrast with a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king, and in and of her... Not to be confused with Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867). ...


Devín Castle

Main article: Devín Castle

The ruined and recently renovated Devín Castle is in Devín, on top of a rock where the Morava River, which forms the border between Austria and Slovakia, enters the Danube. It is one of the most important Slovak archaeological sites, and contains a museum dedicated to its history.[76] Due to its strategic location, Devín Castle was a very important frontier castle of Great Moravia and the early Hungarian state. It was destroyed by Napoleon's troops in 1809. It is an important symbol of Slovak and Slavic history.[77] Devín Castle (Slovak: hrad Devín or Devínsky hrad) is a castle in Devín, which is a part of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Devín Castle (Slovak: hrad Devín or Devínsky hrad) is a castle in Devín, which is a part of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Devín (Slovak: Devín or Devínsky hrad) is a castle in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... There are several European rivers called Morava: Morava river, Central Europe Morava rivers, Serbia Morava is also the Czech and Slovak name for Moravia, the eastern part of the Czech Republic. ... Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ...


Rusovce

Rusovce mansion, with its English park, is in the Rusovce borough. The house was originally built in the 17th century and was turned into an English neo-Gothic-style mansion in 1841–1844.[78] The borough is also known for the ruins of the Roman military camp Gerulata, part of Limes Romanus, a border defence system. Gerulata was built and used between the 1st and 4th centuries AD.[79] Rusovce mansion Rusovský mansion or Rusovce manor house (Slovak: ) is a neoclassical mansion located in the Rusovce borough, part of Bratislava, capital of Slovakia. ... The term English garden or English park (French jardin anglais) is used outside of the English speaking world to refer to the style of informal landscape gardening which was popular in the United Kingdom from the mid 18th century to the early 19th century, and is particularly associated with Capability... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin San Sebastian Church in Manila, Philippines made entirely of steel. ... Gerulata was Roman military camp, which was standing near todays Rusovce, a city part of Bratislava, Slovakia. ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Parks and lakes

Sad Janka Kráľa in Petržalka
Sad Janka Kráľa in Petržalka

Due to its location at the foothills of the Little Carpathians and its riparian vegetation on the Danubian floodplains, Bratislava has forests close to the city centre. The total amount of public green space is 46.8 square kilometres (18.1 sq mi), or 110 square metres (1,200 sq ft) per inhabitant.[80] The largest city park is Horský park (literally, Mountainous Park), in the Old Town. Bratislavský lesný park (Bratislava Forest Park) is located in the Little Carpathians and includes many locales popular among visitors, such as Železná studienka and Koliba. The Forest Park covers an area of 27.3 square kilometres (10.5 sq mi), of which 96% is forested, and contains original flora and fauna such as European badgers, red foxes and mouflons. On the right bank of the Danube, in the borough of Petržalka, is Janko Kráľ Park founded in 1774–76.[81] A new city park is planned for Petržalka between the Malý Draždiak and Veľký Draždiak lakes.[71] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 852 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bratislava Sad Janka Kráľa User... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 852 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bratislava Sad Janka Kráľa User... Sad Janka Kráľa Sad Janka Kráľa (literally Janko Kráľ Park/Garden) is a park in the Petržalka borough in Bratislava. ... Lesser Carpathians around ÄŒervený Kameň Castle Little Carpathians (Slovak: ; frequent other translations to English are Lesser Carpathians or - wrongly - Small Carpathians) are a low 100 km long mountain range (part of the Carpathian Mountains system) in western Slovakia, covering the area from Bratislava to Nové Mesto nad Váhom. ... A well preserved Riparian strip on a tributary to Lake Erie. ... In geography, a floodplain is an area of relatively level land that is inundated from time to time. ... A chairlift to Koliba from the city, with the Kamzík TV tower in the background Bratislavský lesný park (Bratislava Forest Park) is a forest park (actually a forest) in Bratislava, capital of Slovakia, located in the hills of the Little Carpathians. ... A meadow at Koliba Koliba is the name of a locality in Bratislava, which is situated on the foothills of the Little Carpathians, administratively belonging to the Nové Mesto borough. ... Binomial name Meles meles (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Badger (Meles meles) is a member of the Mustelidae family, and so is related to the stoats, otters, weasels, minks and other badgers. ... For the American comedian, see Redd Foxx. ... Binomial name Ovis musimon, Ovis ammon musimon, Ovis orientalis Pallas, 1762 European Mouflon The Mouflon is a species of wild sheep and as such is one of the Caprinae or goat antelopes. It is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern domestic sheep breeds[1]. It... Sad Janka Kráľa Sad Janka Kráľa (literally Janko Kráľ Park/Garden) is a park in the Petržalka borough in Bratislava. ...


Bratislava's zoological park is located in Mlynská dolina, near the headquarters of Slovak Television. The zoo, founded in 1960, currently houses 152 species of animals, including the rare white lion and white tiger. The Botanical Gardens, which belong to Comenius University, can be found on the Danube riverfront, and house more than 120 species of domestic, foreign, and exotic origin.[82] The Bratislava Zoo (Slovak: ) is a zoo in Bratislava, Slovakia, administratively belonging to the Karlova Ves city part. ... Seat of the Slovak Television Mlynská dolina is a part of the Karlova Ves borough in Bratislava, located in the Bratislava IV district. ... Slovak Television (in Slovak: Slovenská televízia) is a state owned public television network in Slovakia. ... This article is about the band, for the big cats see White lion. ... For other uses, see White tiger (disambiguation). ... The Comenius University (Slovak: Univerzita Komenského), with most faculties located in Bratislava, is the largest university in Slovakia. ...


The city has a number of natural and man-made lakes, most of which are used for recreation. Examples include Štrkovec lake in Ružinov, Kuchajda in Nové Mesto, Zlaté Piesky and the Vajnory lakes in the north-east, and Rusovce lake in the south, which is popular with nudists.[83] Ružinov lies in the eastern part of Bratislava. ... Nové Mesto in Bratislava Nové Mesto is a city part of Bratislava, in the Bratislava III district. ... The Zlaté Piesky (literally Golden Sands) is a lake and a summer resort in north-eastern part of Bratislava, Slovakia, near the D1 motorway. ... Vajnory )German: , Hungarian: ) is a small city part in the northeast of Bratislava. ... Rusovce (German: Karlburg, Hungarian: Oroszvár, Kroatian: Rosvar) ist a division South of Bratislava on the right side of the Danube river bordering Hungary. ... ...


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Bratislava
See also: List of personalities from Bratislava
2001 census results[84][85][86]
District Population Ethnic group Population
Bratislava I–V 428,672 Slovaks 391,767
Bratislava I 44,798 Hungarians 16,541
Bratislava II 108,139 Czechs 7,972
Bratislava III 61,418 Germans 1,200
Bratislava IV 93,058 Moravians 635
Bratislava V 121,259 Croats 614

From the city's origin until the 19th century, Germans were the dominant ethnic group.[10] However, after the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, strong Magyarisation took place, and by the end of World War I Bratislava was a German-Hungarian town, with Slovaks as the biggest minority.[10] After the formation of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918, Bratislava remained a multi-ethnic city, but with a different demographic trend. The proportion of Slovaks and Czechs increased, while the proportion of Germans and Hungarians fell. In 1938, 59% of population were Slovaks or Czechs, while Germans represented 22% and Hungarians 13% of the city's population.[87] The creation of the first Slovak Republic in 1939 brought other changes, most notably the expulsion of many Czechs and Jews.[10] In 1945, most of the Germans were evacuated, or after the restoration of Czechoslovakia, displaced from the city, along with the Hungarians accused of cooperation with the Nazis.[45] The city thereby lost its multicultural character.[45] Hundreds of citizens were expelled during the communist repression of the 1950s, with the aim of replacing "reactionary" people with the proletarian class.[45][10] Since the 1950s, the Slovaks have been the dominant ethnicity in the town, making up around 90% of the city's population.[10] The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak Staré Mesto) is the name of the historic center and one of the city parts of the town of Bratislava in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... Hungarian may refer to: Hungary or the Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava II (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava III is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava IV is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... This article deals with the modern national/ethnic group. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava V is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 (German: , Hungarian: ) established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary. ... Magyarisation was the official effort of the Hungarian government and institutions to linguistically and nationally unify the Kingdom of Hungary in 19th century. ... Czechoslovakia in 1928 The independence of Czechoslovakia was proclaimed on October 28, 1918, by the Czechoslovak National Council in Prague. ...


Government

See also: Boroughs and localities of Bratislava and International relations of Bratislava

Bratislava is the seat of the Slovak parliament, presidency, ministries, supreme court (Slovak: Najvyšší súd), and central bank. It is the seat of the Bratislava Region and, since 2002, also of the Bratislava Self-Governing Region. The city also has many foreign embassies and consulates. Bratislava, with district borders in black and borough borders in grey Bratislava, the capital city of Slovakia, is divided into five national administrative districts (Slovak: : I, II, III, IV, V) and into 17 boroughs (Slovak: ). These boroughs vary in size and population, from the smallest Lamač and least populated ÄŒunovo... Bratislava signed its first town twinning agreement with Perugia in 1962. ... Building of the National Council of the Slovak Republic next to the Bratislava Castle The National Council of the Slovak Republic (in Slovak: Národná rada Slovenskej republiky, often just: Národná rada, abbr. ... Flag of the President of Slovakia This is a list of the Presidents of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava Region (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia. ... - Seal on the building of German Embassies. ... Consulate redirects here. ...

Primate's Palace, the seat of the city's mayor
Primate's Palace, the seat of the city's mayor

The current local government (Mestská samospráva)[88] structure has been in place since 1990.[89] It is composed of a mayor (primátor),[90] a city board (Mestská rada),[91] a city council (Mestské zastupiteľstvo),[92] city commissions (Komisie mestského zastupiteľstva),[93] and a city magistrate's office (Magistrát).[94] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3488 × 2616 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3488 × 2616 pixel, file size: 2. ... Primates Palace Primates Palace at night The Primates Palace (Slovak: ) is a neo-Classical palace in Bratislava, Old Town. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... City Commission government is a form of municipal government that was once common in the United States, but has fallen out of favor, most cities formerly governed by Commission having switched to the Council-Manager form. ... A magistrate is a judicial officer. ...


The mayor, based at the Primate's Palace, is the city's top executive officer and is elected to a four-year term of office. The current mayor of Bratislava is Andrej Ďurkovský, who won the election in 2006 as a candidate of the KDH–SDKÚ coalition and is serving his second term in the office.[95] The city council is the city's legislative body, responsible for issues such as budget, local ordinances, city planning, road maintenance, education, and culture.[96] The Council usually convenes once a month and consists of 80 members elected to four-year terms concurrent with the mayor's. Many of the council's executive functions are carried out by the city commission at the council's direction.[93] The city board is a 28-member body composed of the mayor and his deputies, the borough mayors, and up to ten city council members. The board is an executive and supervisory arm of the city council and also serves in an advisory role to the mayor.[91] Primates Palace Primates Palace at night The Primates Palace (Slovak: ) is a neo-Classical palace in Bratislava, Old Town. ... Andrej ÄŽurkovský (born 5 September 1958 in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia) is a Slovak politician and member of the Christian Democratic Movement. ... The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: KresÅ¥anskodemokratické hnutie) (KDH) is a political party in Slovakia. ... The Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (Slovak: Slovenská demokratická a kresÅ¥anská únia – Demokratická strana, SDKÚ-DS) is a political party in Slovakia. ... Urban, city, or town planning, deals with design of the built environment from the municipal and metropolitan perspective. ...


Administratively, Bratislava is divided into five districts: Bratislava I (the city centre), Bratislava II (eastern parts), Bratislava III (north-eastern parts), Bratislava IV (western and northern parts) and Bratislava V (southern parts on the right bank of the Danube, including Petržalka, the most densely populated residential area in Central Europe).[97] An okres (in English district) is an administrative unit in Slovakia. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ...


For self-governance purposes, the city is divided into 17 boroughs, each of which has its own mayor (starosta) and council. The number of councillors in each depends on the size and population of the borough.[98] Each of the boroughs coincides with the city's 20 cadastral areas, except for two cases: Nové Mesto is further divided into the Nové Mesto and Vinohrady cadastral areas and Ružinov is divided into Ružinov, Nivy and Trnávka. Further unofficial division recognizes additional quarters and localities. Cadastre (a French word from the Late Latin capitastrum, a register of the poll-tax) is a register of the real property of a country, with details of the area, the owners and the value. ...

Bratislava's territorial divisions (districts and boroughs)
Bratislava I Bratislava II Bratislava III Bratislava IV Bratislava V
Staré Mesto Ružinov Nové Mesto Karlova Ves Petržalka
  Vrakuňa Rača Dúbravka Jarovce
  Podunajské Biskupice Vajnory Lamač Rusovce
      Devín Čunovo
      Devínska Nová Ves  
      Záhorská Bystrica  

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 437 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (474 × 650 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/png) map of the city parts of Bratislava, Slovakia based on Image:Bratislava parts. ... The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak Staré Mesto) is the name of the historic center and one of the city parts of the town of Bratislava in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava II (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava III is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava IV is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava V is a district or okresy of Bratislava in the Bratislava region of Slovakia. ... The Old Town of Bratislava (Slovak: Staré Mesto, Hungarian: Óváros) is the name of the historic center and one of the city parts of the town of Bratislava in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... Ružinov lies in the eastern part of Bratislava. ... Nové Mesto in Bratislava Nové Mesto is a city part of Bratislava, in the Bratislava III district. ... Karlova Ves (German: , Hungarian: ) is a city part in the western part of Bratislava and a part of the Bratislava IV district, located near the southern end of the Little Carpathians. ... , Petržalka (Hungarian (Pozsony)ligetfalu, German Engerau) is the largest borough of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Rača is a city part of Bratislava, in the Bratislava III district. ... Dúbravka is a section of Bratislava, Slovakia. ... Jarovce (German: Kroatisch-Jahrndorf; Croatian: Hrvatski Jandrof; Hungarian: Horvátjárfalu) a division of Bratislava (Slovakia) since January 1st 1972. ... Podunajské Biskupice (1927 - 1944 Biskupice pri Dunaji, before 1927 Biskupice; German: Bischdorf; Hungarian: ([Pozsony]-Püspöki) is a city part of Bratislava. ... Vajnory )German: , Hungarian: ) is a small city part in the northeast of Bratislava. ... Bratislava (see below for name alternatives), is the capital of Slovakia and the countrys largest city, with a population of some 450,000. ... Rusovce (German: Karlburg, Hungarian: Oroszvár, Kroatian: Rosvar) ist a division South of Bratislava on the right side of the Danube river bordering Hungary. ... Devín (Slovak: Devín or Devínsky hrad) is a castle in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Devínska Nová Ves (German: ) is a city part of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Záhorská Bystrica (German: Bisternitz) is a city part of Bratislava. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Bratislava
See also: List of tallest buildings in Bratislava
High-rise buildings at Nivy, one of Bratislava's main business districts
High-rise buildings at Nivy, one of Bratislava's main business districts

The Bratislava Region is the wealthiest and economically most prosperous region in Slovakia as of 2007, despite being the smallest by area and having the second smallest population of the eight Slovak regions. It accounts for about 26% of the Slovak GDP.[99] The GDP per capita (PPP), valued at 33,124 (2005), is 147.9% of the EU average and is the second-highest level (after Prague) of all regions in the new EU member states.[100] Although the Bratislava Region is the smallest of the 8 Slovak regions, but it has by far the greatest share in the domestic revenue of the country, more then 25%. // Within the tertiary sector, there are two dominant activities which alone count for almost half of its Gross Value Added. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 2. ... High-rise is a 1975 novel by J. G. Ballard. ... Downtown Honolulu in United States, an example of an urban downtown district Central business district, (CBD used in Australia, New Zealand and sometimes elsewhere), or downtown (used mainly in North America) are terms referring to the commercial heart of a city. ... Bratislava region The Bratislava Region (Slovak: Bratislavský kraj) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Slovakia. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ...


The unemployment rate in Bratislava was 1.83% in December 2007.[101] Many governmental institutions and private companies have their headquarters in Bratislava. More than 75% of Bratislava's population works in the service sector, mainly composed of trade, banking, IT, telecommunications, and tourism.[102] The Bratislava Stock Exchange (BSSE), the organiser of the public securities market, was founded on 15 March 1991.[103] The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... This article is about economic exchange. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Tourist redirects here. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ...


The automaker Volkswagen built a factory in Bratislava in 1991 and has expanded since.[104] Currently, its production focuses on SUVs, which represent 68% of all production. The VW Touareg is produced in Bratislava, and the Porsche Cayenne and Audi Q7 are partially built there.[105] VW redirects here. ... A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ... VW Touareg The VW Touareg (Pronounced Toe-waar-egg) is an automobile manufactured by Volkswagen. ... Porsche Cayenne S rear The Porsche Cayenne is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by the German automaker Porsche since 2002. ... The Audi Q7 is a full-size luxury SUV produced by German automaker Audi since 2006. ...


In recent years, service and high-tech-oriented businesses have prospered in Bratislava. Many global companies, including IBM, Dell, Lenovo, AT&T, SAP, and Accenture, have built outsourcing and service centres here or plan to do so soon.[106] Reasons for the influx of multi-national corporations include proximity to the Western Europe, skilled labour force and the high density of universities and research facilities.[107] The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... High tech refers to technology that is at the cutting-edge—the most advanced technology currently available. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... Lenovo Group Limited, formerly known as Legend Group Limited, is the largest personal computer manufacturer in the Peoples Republic of China, and as of 2004 is the eighth largest in the world. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... SAP AG (ISIN: DE0007164600, FWB: SAP, NYSE: SAP) is the largest European software enterprise and the third largest in the world, with headquarters in Walldorf, Germany. ... Accenture (NYSE: ACN, ISIN: BMG1150G1116) is a global management consulting, technology services, and outsourcing company. ... Outsourcing is subcontracting a process, such as product design or manufacturing, to a third-party company. ... A multinational corporation (MNC) or transnational corporation (TNC) is one that spans multiple nations; these corporations are often very large. ...


Other large companies and employers with headquarters in Bratislava include Slovak Telekom, Orange Slovensko, Slovenská sporiteľňa, Tatra banka, Doprastav, Hewlett-Packard Slovakia, Slovnaft, Henkel Slovensko, Slovenský plynárenský priemysel, Kraft Foods Slovakia, Whirlpool Slovakia, Železnice Slovenskej republiky, and Tesco Stores Slovak Republic. Slovak Telekom logo, February 2006-present. ... Orange Slovensko (earlier name Globtel) is a telecommunications company operating in Slovakia. ... Slovenská sporiteľňa is the largest commercial bank in Slovakia. ... Tatra banka is a commercial bank in Slovakia. ... Doprastav a. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Slovnaft Plc. ... For other uses, see Henkel (disambiguation). ... Slovenský plynárenský priemysel, a. ... Kraft Foods Inc. ... Whirlpool Corporation (NYSE: WHR) is the worlds leading manufacturer and marketer of major home appliances,with annual sales of approximately $18 billion, more than 73,000 employees, and more than 70 manufacturing and technology research centers around the world. ... Železnice Slovenskej republiky (literally Slovak Republic Railways), abbr. ... , For other uses, see Tesco (disambiguation). ...


The Slovak economy's strong growth in the 2000s has led to a boom in the construction industry, and several major projects have been completed or are planned in Bratislava.[69] Areas attracting developers include the Danube riverfront, where two major projects already under construction: River Park[108] in the Old Town, and Eurovea[109] near the Apollo Bridge. Other locations under development include the areas around the main railway and bus stations,[110] around the former industrial zone near the Old Town[111] and in the boroughs of Petržalka,[97] Nové Mesto and Ružinov. It is expected that investors will spend €1.2 billion on new projects by 2010.[112] The city has a balanced budget of almost six billion Slovak korunas (€182 million, as of 2007), with one fifth used for investment.[113] Bratislava holds shares in 17 companies directly, for example, in the public transport company (Dopravný podnik Bratislava), the waste collection and disposal company, and the water utility.[114] The city also manages municipal organisations such as the City Police (Mestská polícia), Bratislava City Museum and ZOO Bratislava.[115] Headquarters of Slovakias central bank in Bratislava Slovakia is a middle size economy of Central Europe. ... ISO 4217 Code SKK User(s) Slovakia Inflation 2. ... Dopravný podnik Bratislava, akciová spoločnosÅ¥ (literally Public Transport Company Bratislava Ltd. ... For the corporation, see Waste Management Incorporated Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal of waste materials, usually ones produced by human activity, in an effort to reduce their effect on human health or local amenity. ... Seat of the City Museum The Bratislava City Museum (Slovak: ) is a museum in Bratislava, Slovakia, established in 1868. ... The Bratislava Zoo (Slovak: ) is a zoo in Bratislava, Slovakia, administratively belonging to the Karlova Ves city part. ...


Culture

Bratislava is the cultural heart of Slovakia. Owing to its historical multi-cultural character, local culture is influenced by various ethnic groups, including Germans, Slovaks, Hungarians, and Jews.[5][116] Bratislava enjoys numerous theatres, museums, galleries, concert halls, cinemas, film clubs, and foreign cultural institutions.[117]

The old Slovak National Theatre building on Hviezdoslav Square
The old Slovak National Theatre building on Hviezdoslav Square

The Slovak National Theatre Autor Rafal Konkolewski 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Slovak National Theatre Autor Rafal Konkolewski 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Slovak National Theatre building The Slovak National Theatre (in Slovak Slovenské národné divadlo ) denotes: a) the oldest Slovak professional theatre consisting of 3 ensembles b) a Neo-Renaissance theatre building in the Old Town of Bratislava, Slovakia, housing two ensembles of a) c) a modern huge theatre building in...

Performing arts

Bratislava is the seat of the Slovak National Theatre, housed in two buildings. The first is a Neo-Renaissance theatre building situated in the Old Town at the end of Hviezdoslav Square. The new building, opened to the public in 2007, is on the riverfront.[70] The theatre has three ensembles: opera, ballet and drama. Smaller theatres include the Bratislava Puppet Theatre, the Astorka Korzo '90 theatre, the Arena Theatre, L+S Studio, and the Naive Theatre of Radošina. The Slovak National Theatre building The Slovak National Theatre (in Slovak Slovenské národné divadlo ) denotes: a) the oldest Slovak professional theatre consisting of 3 ensembles b) a Neo-Renaissance theatre building in the Old Town of Bratislava, Slovakia, housing two ensembles of a) c) a modern huge theatre building in... Château de Ferrières 1855 Mentmore Towers English Neo-Renaissance of the 1850s. ... Divadlo Aréna Arena Theatre (Slovak: Divadlo Aréna) is one of the oldest theatres in Bratislava. ...


Music in Bratislava flourished in the 18th century and was closely linked to Viennese musical life. Mozart visited the town at the age of six. Among other notable composers who visited the town were Haydn, Liszt, Bartók and Beethoven, who played his Missa Solemnis for the first time in Bratislava.[64] It is also the birthplace of the composer Johann Nepomuk Hummel. Bratislava is home to the Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra. The city hosts several annual festivals, such as the Bratislava Music Festival and Bratislava Jazz Days.[118] The Wilsonic Festival, held annually since 2000, brings dozens of international musical acts to the city each year.[119] During the summer, various musical events take place as part of the Bratislava Cultural Summer. Apart from musical festivals, it is possible to hear music ranging from underground to well known pop stars.[120] “Mozart” redirects here. ... Haydn redirects here. ... Liszt redirects here. ... Bartok redirects here. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Missa Solemnis in D Major, Op. ... Johann Nepomuk Hummel Johann Nepomuk Hummel or Jan Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 1778 – 17 October 1837) was a composer and virtuoso pianist of Austrian origin who was born in Pressburg (present-day Bratislava, Slovakia). ... The Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra (Slovak: Slovenská philharmónia) is the premier symphony orchestra in Slovakia. ... Wilsonic is an advanced music festival, held annually in Bratislava, Slovakia. ...


Museums and galleries

The Rococo-style "House of the Good Shepherd", home to the Museum of Clocks
The Rococo-style "House of the Good Shepherd", home to the Museum of Clocks

The Slovak National Museum (Slovenské národné múzeum), founded in 1961, has its headquarters in Bratislava on the riverfront in the Old Town, along with the Natural History Museum, which is one of its subdivisions. It is the largest museum and cultural institution in Slovakia. The museum manages 16 specialised museums in Bratislava and beyond.[121] The Bratislava City Museum (Múzeum mesta Bratislavy), established in 1868, is the oldest museum in continuous operation in Slovakia.[122] Its primary goal is to chronicle Bratislava's history in various forms from the earliest periods using historical and archaeological collections. It offers permanent displays in eight specialised museums. Bratislava is the capital city and the cultural and economic centre of Slovakia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 266 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) city of Bratislava - house of the good shepherd selftaken on July, 17th, 2004 photographer: Martin Proehl File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 266 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) city of Bratislava - house of the good shepherd selftaken on July, 17th, 2004 photographer: Martin Proehl File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link... A style of 18th century French art and interior design, Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. ... House of the Good Shepherd The House of the Good Shepherd (Slovak: ) is a narrow, Rococo-style building in Bratislava, Slovakia, located below the Bratislava Castle. ... Slovak National Museum building in Bratislava, viewed from the right bank of the Danube The Slovak National Museum (Slovak: ) is the most important institution focusing on scientific research and cultural education in the field of museological activity in Slovakia. ... Seat of the City Museum The Bratislava City Museum (Slovak: ) is a museum in Bratislava, Slovakia, established in 1868. ...


The Slovak National Gallery, founded in 1948, offers the most extensive network of galleries in Slovakia. Two displays in Bratislava are next to one another at Esterházy Palace (Esterházyho palác) and the Water Barracks (Vodné kasárne) on the Danube riverfront in the Old Town. The Bratislava City Gallery, founded in 1961, is the second-largest Slovak gallery of its kind. The gallery offers permanent displays at Pálffy Palace (Pálffyho palác) and Mirbach Palace (Mirbachov palác), in the Old Town.[123] Danubiana Art Museum, one of the youngest art museums in Europe, is near Čunovo waterworks.[124] Modern extension of the Slovak National Gallery in Bratislava from years 1969-1977 The Slovak National Gallery (Slovak: ), abbr. ... Esterházy palace from the right bank of the Danube For the palace in Austria, see Schloss Esterházy The Esterházy Palace (Slovak: ) is a Neo-Renaissance-style building in the Old Town, Bratislava, near the Danube riverfront, built in the 1870s. ... Mirbach Palace, seat of the Bratislava City Gallery The Bratislava City Gallery (Slovak: , abbr. ... Pálffy Palace This palace is mistaken with another palace with the similar name in Bratislava, see Pálffy Palace (Bratislava) Johann Pálffy Palace (Slovak: or Pálfiho palác) is a late Classicism-style building in the Old Town, Bratislava, on the Panská street, near the Hviezdoslav Square. ... Mirbach Palace Mirbach Palace (Slovak: ) is a Rococo-style palace in the Old Town, Bratislava, built from 1768 to 1770 for Bratislava (then Pressburg) brewer Michal Spech. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Dams Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Dams (more exactly Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Waterworks) is a large barrage project on river Danube. ...


Media

Slovak Radio headquarters building
Slovak Radio headquarters building

As the national capital, Bratislava is home to national and many local media outlets. Notable TV stations based in the city include Slovak Television (Slovenská televízia), Markíza, JOJ and TA3. Slovak Radio (Slovenský rozhlas) has its seat in the centre, and many Slovak commercial radio stations are based in the city. National newspapers based in Bratislava include SME, Pravda, Nový čas, Hospodárske noviny and the English-language The Slovak Spectator. Two news agencies are headquartered there: the News Agency of the Slovak Republic (TASR) and the Slovak News Agency (SITA). Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: User:Ondrejk 2005-08-26 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: User:Ondrejk 2005-08-26 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Slovak Radio headquarters The Slovak Radio (Slovak: ) is the Slovak national public service radio broadcaster. ... Slovak Television (in Slovak: Slovenská televízia) is a state owned public television network in Slovakia. ... The current logo of the station. ... TV JOJ is a private television network and in Slovakia. ... TA3 is a Slovak private news channel. ... Slovak Radio headquarters The Slovak Radio (Slovak: ) is the Slovak national public service radio broadcaster. ... SME or Denník SME (literally the WE ARE Daily) is the second most widely read and very influencial daily in Slovakia. ... Pravda (the Slovak word for Truth) is a major newspaper in Slovakia. ... Nový čas (literally New Time) is a tabloid and the best-selling daily in Slovakia. ... Hospodárske noviny (abbreviated HN; English: Economic News(paper)) is a daily predominantly economic newspaper in Slovakia. ...


Sport

Main article: Sport in Bratislava

Various sports and sports teams have a long tradition in Bratislava, with many teams and individuals competing in Slovak and international leagues and competitions. Various sports and sports teams have a long tradition in Bratislava, with many sport teams and individuals competing in the best Slovak and international leagues and competitions. ... A sport consists of a physical activity or skill carried out with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of a skill, or some combination of these. ... A list of professional sports leagues: Auto racing Champcars, formerly CART (Official Page) Formula One, Grand Prix racing (Official Site) IRL (Indy Racing League) (Official Page) NASCAR (National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing) (Official Page) NHRA (National Hot Rod Association) (Official Page) Baseball Major League Baseball Minor League Baseball... For other uses, see Competition (disambiguation). ...

Tehelné pole stadium in Nové Mesto, home to the ŠK Slovan Bratislava football club
Tehelné pole stadium in Nové Mesto, home to the ŠK Slovan Bratislava football club

Football is currently represented by two clubs playing in the top Slovak football league, the Corgoň Liga. ŠK Slovan Bratislava, founded in 1919, has its home ground at the Tehelné pole stadium. ŠK Slovan is the most successful football club in Slovak history, being the only club from the former Czechoslovakia to win the European football competition the Cup Winners' Cup, in 1969.[125] FC Artmedia Bratislava is the oldest of Bratislava's football clubs, founded in 1898, and is based at Štadión Petržalka in Petržalka. Another known club from the city is FK Inter Bratislava. Founded in 1945, they have their home ground at Štadión Pasienky and currently play in the Slovak Second Division. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Tehelné pole is a football stadium in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... Nové Mesto in Bratislava Nové Mesto is a city part of Bratislava, in the Bratislava III district. ... Å K Slovan Bratislava is a Slovak sports club, based in Bratislava. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Corgoň Liga is the top division of Slovak football. ... Å K Slovan Bratislava is a Slovak sports club, based in Bratislava. ... Tehelné pole is a football stadium in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... The Cup Winners Cup was a football club competition between the winners of the European domestic cup competitions. ... FC Artmedia Bratislava, also known as FC Artmedia Petržalka, is a Slovak football club from the Petržalka district of the capital, Bratislava. ... Stadium of Artmedia Bratislava Å tadión Petržalka is a multi-use stadium in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... , Petržalka (Hungarian (Pozsony)ligetfalu, German Engerau) is the largest borough of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... FK Inter Bratislava is a Slovak football club, playing in the city of Bratislava. ... Stadion Pasienky is a multi-use stadium in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... In 2006/07 the Slovakian I. liga consists of the following teams: P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points ^ 3 teams promoted, 4 relegated because of reorganization league structure for 2006/07 (1st level...


Bratislava is home to three winter sports arenas: Ondrej Nepela Winter Sports Stadium, V. Dzurilla Winter Sports Stadium, and Dúbravka Winter Sports Stadium. The HC Slovan Bratislava ice hockey team represents Bratislava in Slovakia's top ice hockey league, the Slovak Extraliga. Samsung Arena, a part of Ondrej Nepela Winter Sports Stadium, is home to HC Slovan. The Ice Hockey World Championships in 1959 and 1992 were played in Bratislava, and the 2011 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships will be held in Bratislava and Košice, for which a new arena is being planned.[126] Ondrej Nepela (January 22, 1951 - February 2, 1989) was a Slovak figure skater who competed for Czechoslovakia in the late 60s and early 70s. ... Vladimír Dzurilla (Aug 2, 1942, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia - Mar 15, 1995, Düsseldorf, Germany) was a Czechoslovak ice hockey goal keeper. ... Dúbravka is a section of Bratislava, Slovakia. ... Hockey Club Slovan Bratislava is a professional ice hockey team in the Slovak Extraliga. ... Slovak Extraliga is the name of the highest-level ice hockey league in Slovakia. ... Samsung Arena, part of Ondrej Nepela Winter Sports Stadium (in honour of Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater who competed for Czechoslovakia in the late 1960s and early 1970s), is an arena in Bratislava, Slovakia. ... Ondrej Nepela (January 22, 1951 - February 2, 1989) was a Slovak figure skater who competed for Czechoslovakia in the late 60s and early 70s. ... The Ice Hockey World Championship is an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation. ... Location of KoÅ¡ice in Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Slovakia Region KoÅ¡ice Region Districts KoÅ¡ice I-IV City parts First mentioned 1230 Government  - Type City Council  - Mayor FrantiÅ¡ek Knapík Area  - City 243. ...


The Čunovo Water Sports Centre is a whitewater slalom and rafting area, close to the Gabčíkovo dam. The Centre hosts several international and national canoe and kayak competitions annually. Whitewater Slalom Whitewater Slalom is a competitive sport where the aim is to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of hanging gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible. ... Rafting in Brazil. ... Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Dams Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Dams (more exactly Gabčíkovo - Nagymaros Waterworks) is a large barrage project on river Danube. ... This article is about the boat. ... Look up kayak in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The National Tennis Centre, which includes Sibamac Arena, hosts various cultural, sporting and social events. Several Davis Cup matches have been played there, including the 2005 Davis Cup final. The city is represented in the top Slovak leagues in women's and men's basketball, women's handball and volleyball, and men's water polo. The Devín–Bratislava National run is the oldest athletic event in Slovakia,[127] and the Bratislava City Marathon has been held annually since 2006. A race track is located in Petržalka, where horse racing and dog racing events and dog shows are held regularly. The great Australians Lew Hoad and Ken Rosewall with the Cup in 1953 The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in mens tennis. ... // S-Seeded U-Unseeded *Choice of ground Date: 23 Sep - 25 Sep 2005 First Round Second Round Canada and Ecuador promoted to World Group Playoffs First Round Second Round Great Britain, Belgium, Italy and Germany promoted to World Group Playoffs First Round Second Round Pakistan and India promoted to World... This article is about the sport. ... Handball is the name of several different sports: Team handball, or Olympic/European Handball is a game somewhat similar to association football, but the ball is played with the hand, not the foot. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Water polo is a team water sport. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... , Petržalka (Hungarian (Pozsony)ligetfalu, German Engerau) is the largest borough of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... Several dogs prior to a race Dog racing is both a gambling event as well as a fund-raising event, depending on the breed and location. ... In a dog show, judges familiar with specific dog breeds evaluate individual dogs for how well they conform to published breed standards, hence the more accurate term is conformation show (or, sometimes, breed show). ...


Tourism

For the list of sights in the city, see cityscape and architecture above.
Tourist train Prešporáčik in the Old Town
Tourist train Prešporáčik in the Old Town

In 2006, Bratislava had 77 commercial accommodation facilities (of which 45 were hotels) with a total capacity of 9,940 beds.[128] A total of 686,201 visitors, 454,870 of whom were foreigners, stayed overnight. Altogether, visitors made 1,338,497 overnight stays.[128] However, a considerable share of visits is made by those who visit Bratislava for a single day, and their exact number is not known. Largest numbers of foreign visitors come from the Czech Republic, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, Poland, and Austria.[128] , Nickname: Beauty on the Danube Country  Slovakia Region Districts Rivers Elevation 134 m (440 ft) Coordinates , Highest point Devínska Kobyla  - elevation 514 m (1,686 ft) Lowest point Danube River  - elevation 126 m (413 ft) Area 367. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ...


Among other factors, the growth of low-cost airline flights to Bratislava, led by SkyEurope, has led to conspicuous stag parties, primarily from the UK. While these are a boon to the city's tourist industry, cultural differences and vandalism have led to concern by local officials.[129] Boeing 737-200 of low-cost Irish airline Ryanair A low-cost carrier (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier) is an airline that offers low fares but eliminates most traditional passenger services. ... SkyEurope (officially SkyEurope Airlines) is a low-cost airline with its main base at M. R. Stefanik Airport (BTS) in Bratislava, Slovakia, and other bases in Kraków, Prague and Budapest. ... A bachelor party (also called a stag party, stag night, or bucks party (Australia)) is a party held for a bachelor shortly before he is married, to commemorate his final opportunity to engage in activities a new wife might not approve of. ... Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement or destruction of a structure, a symbol or anything else that goes against the will of the owner/governing body. ...


Education and science

Comenius University headquarters at Šafárikovo námestie
Comenius University headquarters at Šafárikovo námestie

The first university in Bratislava and also in the territory of present-day Slovakia was Universitas Istropolitana, founded in 1465 by King Matthias Corvinus. It was closed in 1490 after his death.[130] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Comenius University (Slovak: Univerzita Komenského), with most faculties located in Bratislava, is the largest university in Slovakia. ... The Universitas Istropolitana (since the 16th century frequently - but wrongly - known as the Academia Istropolitana) in Pressburg (todays Bratislava) was the first university to be founded in the territory of present-day Slovakia. ... Matthias Corvinus (Mátyás in Hungarian), (February 23, 1443 (?) - April 6, 1490) was one of the greatest Kings of Hungary, ruling between 1458 and 1490. ...


Bratislava is the seat of the largest university (Comenius University, 27,771 students),[131] the largest technical university (Slovak University of Technology, 18,473 students),[132] and the oldest art schools (the Academy of Performing Arts and the Academy of Fine Arts and Design) in Slovakia. Other institutions of tertiary education are the public University of Economics and the first private college in Slovakia, City University of Seattle.[133] In total, about 56,000 students attend university in Bratislava.[134] The Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovak: Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave), with most faculties located in Bratislava, is the largest university in Slovakia. ... Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava (Slovak: Slovenská technická univerzita v Bratislave) is the most significant university of technology in Slovakia. ... The Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava (Slovak: Vysoká škola múzických umení v Bratislave, abbreviated VŠMU) is a university founded in 1949. ... The Academy of Fine Arts and Design in Bratislava (Slovak: , abbr. ... University of Economics in Bratislava (Slovak: ) is the oldest university of economics in Slovakia. ... City University of Seattle (Vysoká Škola Manažmentu) also known as City University of Seattle (VSM) or just VSM, is located in the two Slovak cities of Trencin and the capital city Bratislava. ...


There are 65 public primary schools, nine private primary schools and ten religious primary schools.[135] Overall, they enroll 25,821 pupils.[135] The city's system of secondary education (some middle schools and all high schools) consists of 39 gymnasia with 16,048 students,[136] 37 specialized high schools with 10,373 students,[137] and 27 vocational schools with 8,863 students (data as of 2007).[138][139] A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... A vocational school, providing vocational education and also as referred to as a trade school or career college, and school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ...


The Slovak Academy of Sciences is also based in Bratislava. However, the city is one of the few European capitals to have neither an observatory nor a planetarium. The nearest observatory is in Modra, 30 kilometres (19 mi) away, and the nearest planetarium is in Hlohovec, 70 kilometres (43 mi) away. CEPIT, the Central European Park For Innovative Technologies, is slated for development in Vajnory. This science and technology park will combine public and private research and educational institutions.[140] Construction is expected to begin in 2008.[141] The Slovak Academy of Sciences (in Slovak Slovenská akadémia vied) is the main scientific and research institution in Slovakia fostering basic and strategic basic research. ... This article is about scientific observatories. ... For the song by Ai Otsuka, see Planetarium (song) // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ... Modra (-Slovak, German: Modern, Hungarian: Modor, Latin: Modorinum) is a city in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. ... Hlohovec (-Slovak, German: Freistadt(l) an der Waag, Hungarian Galgóc) is a town in southwestern Slovakia, with a current population of 23,729 (2001). ... Vajnory )German: , Hungarian: ) is a small city part in the northeast of Bratislava. ...


Transport

Duobus (a trolleybus combined with a bus)
Duobus (a trolleybus combined with a bus)

The geographical position of Bratislava in Central Europe has long made it a natural crossroads for international trade traffic.[142] Trolleybuses in Bratislava Bratislavas geographical position in Central Europe has long made Bratislava a natural crossroads for international trade traffic. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... Autobus redirects here. ...


Public transport in Bratislava is managed by Dopravný podnik Bratislava, a city-owned company. The transport system is known as Mestská hromadná doprava (MHD, Municipal Mass Transit) and employs buses, trams, and trolleybuses.[143] An additional service, Bratislavská integrovaná doprava (Bratislava Integrated Transport), links train and bus routes in the city with points beyond. Dopravný podnik Bratislava, akciová spoločnosÅ¥ (literally Public Transport Company Bratislava Ltd. ... Autobus redirects here. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ...


As a rail hub, the city has direct connections to Austria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and the rest of Slovakia. The motorway system provides direct access to Brno in the Czech Republic, Trnava and other points in Slovakia, and Budapest in Hungary. The A6 motorway between Bratislava and Vienna was opened in November 2007.[144] The Port of Bratislava provides access to the Black Sea via the Danube and to the North Sea through the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal. M. R. Štefánik Airport is 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north-east of the city centre. It served 2,024,000 passengers in 2007.[145] , Country  Czech Republic Region Parts 29  - Bohunice  - Bosonohy  - Bystrc  - Brno-Center  - ÄŒernovice  - Chrlice  - Ivanovice  - Jehnice  - Jundrov  - Kníničky  - Kohoutovice  - Komín  - Královo Pole  - Líšeň  - Maloměřice and ObÅ™any  - Medlánky  - Brno-North  - Nový Lískovec  - OÅ™ešín  - Å˜ečkovice and Mokrá Hora  - Slatina  - Brno-South... Trnava (Hungarian: Nagyszombat, German: Tyrnau) is a town in western Slovakia, 45 kilometers to the north-east of Bratislava, on the Trnávka river, and at the main Bratislava-Žilina railway and Bratislava-Žilina limited-access highway. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... The (Austrian) Nordostautobahn A6 or Northeastern motorway is a motorway in eastern Austria and it connects Slovakia to the Austrian motorway system. ... The port at night The Port of Bratislava is a major port on the river Danube and —in a wider sense—on the Rhine-Main-Danube waterway. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Milan Rastislav Å tefánik Airport (Slovak: Letisko Milana Rastislava Å tefánika) (IATA: BTS, ICAO: LZIB), also called - especially in English - Bratislava Airport (Slovak: Letisko Bratislava) or Bratislava-Ivanka, in Bratislava is the main international airport of Slovakia. ...


References

Citations

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  97. ^ a b Petržalka City. City of Bratislava (1 March 2007). Retrieved on 29 January 2008. “Petržalka City will transform the largest and most densely populated housing estate in Central Europe from a monotone cement-panel housing scheme into a fully-fledged town with autonomous multipurpose centre.”
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  101. ^ Current statistics; Unemployment - December 2007 (Aktuálne štatistiky; Nezamestnanosť - december 2007) (ZIP) (Slovak). Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family (Ústredie práce, sociálnych vecí a rodiny) (December 2007). Retrieved on February 13, 2008.
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  106. ^ Lenovo invests in Slovakia with new jobs. Slovak Investment and Trade Development Agency (April 20, 2006). Retrieved on April 25, 2007.. Dell in Bratislava. Dell (2007). Retrieved on April 25, 2007.
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  124. ^ Danubiana Meulensteen Art Museum - About us. Danubiana Meulensteen Art Museum (2007). Retrieved on 21 June 2007.
  125. ^ Slovan Bratislava - najväčšie úspechy (Slovan Bratislava - greatest achievements) (Slovak). Slovan Bratislava (2006). Retrieved on May 15, 2007.. Slovan Bratislava - História (History) (Slovak). Slovan Bratislava (2006). Retrieved on May 15, 2007.
  126. ^ Marta Ďurianová (May 22, 2006). Slovakia to host ice hockey World Championships in 2011. The Slovak Spectator. Retrieved on April 27, 2007.
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  140. ^ Your Innovative Centre in Bratislava-Vajnory. CEPIT Management (2007). Retrieved on April 28, 2007.
  141. ^ Handzo, Juraj. "CEPIT Project moved one step forward (Projekt CEPIT sa posunul o krok vpred)", Bratislavské Noviny, 21 November 2007. Retrieved on 29 January. (Slovak) 
  142. ^ Bratislava in Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica (2007). Retrieved on April 30, 2007.
  143. ^ Trasy liniek (routes) (Slovak). Dopravný podnik Bratislava (2007). Retrieved on 17 May 2007.
  144. ^ "Vienna-Bratislava in 50 Minutes (Wien - Bratislava in 50 Minuten)", ORF, 19 October 2007. Retrieved on 19 October. (German) 
  145. ^ Airport served more than 2 million passengers last year (Letisko vybavilo vlani viac ako 2 milióny pasažierov) (Slovak). TASR, published in Bratislavské Noviny (January 13, 2008). Retrieved on January 13, 2008.

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Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The ZIP file format is a popular data compression and archival format. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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General references

  • Horváth, V., Lehotská, D., Pleva, J. (eds.) et al. (1979). Dejiny Bratislavy (History of Bratislava), 2nd edition (in Slovak), Bratislava, Slovakia: Obzor. 
  • Janota, Igor (2006). Bratislavské rarity (Rarities of Bratislava), 1st ed. (in Slovak), Bratislava, Slovakia: Vydavateľstvo PT. ISBN 80-89218-19-9. 
  • Kováč, Dušan (2006). Bratislava 1939–1945 – Mier a vojna v meste (Bratislava 1939–1945 – Peace and war in the town), 1st ed. (in Slovak), Bratislava, Slovakia: Vydavateľstvo PT. ISBN 80-89218-29-6. 
  • Kováč, Dušan et al. (1998). Kronika Slovenska 1 (Chronicle of Slovakia 1), 1st ed., Chronicle of Slovakia (in Slovak), Bratislava, Slovakia: Fortuna Print. ISBN 80-71531-74-X. 
  • Kováč, Dušan et al. (1999). Kronika Slovenska 2 (Chronicle of Slovakia 2), 1st ed., Chronicle of Slovakia (in Slovak), Bratislava, Slovakia: Fortuna Print. ISBN 80-88980-08-9. 
  • Lacika, Ján (2000). Bratislava, 1st ed., Visiting Slovakia (in English), Bratislava, Slovakia: DAJAMA. ISBN 80-88975-16-6. 
  • Špiesz, Anton (2001). Bratislava v stredoveku (Bratislava in the Middle Ages), 1st ed. (in Slovak), Bratislava, Slovakia: Perfekt. ISBN 80-8046-145-7. 

External links

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  • Official website of the City of Bratislava
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  • Travel guide to Bratislava
  • Public urban transport in Bratislava

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Ipeľ (-Slovak, Hungarian: Ipoly, German: Eipel) is a 232 km long river in Slovakia and Hungary, tributary to the river Danube. ... The Drava at Drávaszabolcs, Hungary The Drava at Vízvár, Hungary The Drava at Maribor, Slovenia Drava or Drave (German: Drau, Slovenian, Croatian and Italian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe, a tributary of the Danube. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... For other uses of this word, see Sava (disambiguation). ... The TimiÅŸ river (Hungarian: Temes, Serbian: TamiÅ¡) is a river rising in the Semenic Mountains, southern Carpathian Mountains, CaraÅŸ-Severin county, Romania. ... The Velika Morava or Great Morava (Serbian Cyrillic: Велика Морава) is a final section of the Morava (Cyrillic: Морава), the major river system in Serbia. ... This article is about the Romanian river Jiu. ... The Iskar (Bulgarian: Искър; Latin Oescus) is the longest river in Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Danube. ... The Olt (Romanian and Hungarian; in German: Alt; in Latin: Aluta) is a river in Romania. ... Yantra is a river in Bulgaria. ... The Vedea is a river in the southern part of Romania that rises from the Cotmeana Plateau and runs into the Danube, having a total length of 224 km, of which on 33 km the river is regulated. ... ArgeÅŸ is a river of Southern Romania, which rises from the FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, in the Carpathians and flows into the Danube. ... IalomiÅ£a (Râul IalomiÅ£a in Romanian) is a river of Southern Romania, which rises from the Bucegi Mountains, in the Carpathians and flows into the Danube. ... The Siret River is a river that rises from the Carpathians in the Northern Bukovina region of the Ukraine, flows southward into Romania for 470 km before it joins Danube. ... Length 953  km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 27,500  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Danube Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Moldova The Prut, or Pruth river (Ukrainian: Прут) is 953 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube... This is a list of tributaries of the Danube by order of entrance. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Eastern Europe is a concept that lacks one precise definition. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Askar Mamin Population (estimated)  - City 600,000 Time zone BTT (UTC+6) This article is about the capital of Kazakhstan; for the article on the palace in Sarawak, see Astana (Sarawak); for the professional road-cycling team see Astana Team; for the Iranian city, see Astaneh-e... Location in Azerbaijan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - Total 260 km² (100. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Location of ChiÅŸinău in Moldova Coordinates: , Country Founded 1436 Government  - Mayor Dorin Chirtoacă, since 2007 Area  - City 120 km²  (46. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Established c. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern part of the European continent. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Location within the British Isles Douglas (Doolish in Manx) is the capital of the Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin) and its largest town. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital city of Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Longyearbyen Longyearbyen is the largest settlement on Svalbard, Norway and its capital. ... Svalbard and Jan Mayen are two separate parts of Norway located in the Arctic Ocean. ... Founded 1861 Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region Mariehamn Area - Of which land - Rank 11. ... Aland redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... Location in Iceland Coordinates: , Constituency Government  - Mayor (Borgarstjóri) Dagur B. Eggertsson Area  - City 274. ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... Saint Helier (Jèrriais: St Hélyi) is one of the twelve parishes and the largest town on Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands in the English Channel. ... This is a map of Guernsey. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... County Area 159. ... The peninsula Tinganes is seat of the Faroese Government in Tórshavn. ... Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ... The southern half of Europe is shown in shades of red. ... Position of Andorra la Vella in Andorra Coordinates: Country Andorra Parishes Andorra la Vella Area  - City 30 km²  (11. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Banja Luka or Banjaluka (Cyrillic: Бања Лука, pronounced ) is the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina after Sarajevo and the de facto capital of the Republika Srpska entity. ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Location in Slovenia Coordinates: , Country Founded AD 15 (as Colonia Iulia Aemona) Government  - Mayor and governor Zoran Janković (Lista Zorana Jankovića) Area  - Total 275. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Prishtinë/Prishtina (Albanian indefinite/definite form) or Priština (Приштина) (Serbian) is the capital city of Kosovo, a landlocked province of Serbia located at 42°65′ N 21°17′ E. It is estimated that the current population of Prishtina is as high as 500,000. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Location of the city of Skopje (green) in Macedonia Country Macedonia Municipality Government  - Mayor Trifun Kostovski Area  - Total 1,854 km² (715. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Valletta (Maltese: , commonly referred to as Il-Belt - The City) is the capital city of Malta. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Berne (disambiguation). ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Vaduz and its exclaves in Liechtenstein Coordinates: , Area  - City 6. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Eurasia (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Austria Poland Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech   Rep. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Location in Slovenia Coordinates: , Country Founded AD 15 (as Colonia Iulia Aemona) Government  - Mayor and governor Zoran Janković (Lista Zorana Jankovića) Area  - Total 275. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Administration District Luxembourg Canton Luxembourg LAU 2 LU00011001 Mayor Paul Helminger Geography Area Area rank 51. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... County Area 159. ... Valletta (Maltese: , commonly referred to as Il-Belt - The City) is the capital city of Malta. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Bratislava | Slovakia (598 words)
Furthermore, Bratislava is the seat of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the Government of the Slovak Republic, national ministries and the other central bodies of the state administration of the Slovak Republic.
Bratislava is the most populous city in the Slovak Republic and its population is some 450 000.
Bratislava isn't as swamped by Western tourism as are Budapest and Prague (although this is changing with the advent of low cost flights from around Europe).
Bratislava - definition of Bratislava in Encyclopedia (1466 words)
Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia and the country's largest city, with a population of some 430,000.
Bratislava lies on the River Danube, at Slovakia's borders with Austria and Hungary, and relatively close to the border with the Czech Republic.
Bratislava is picturesquely situated on both banks of the Danube, at the base of the outlying spurs of the Little Carpathians, in a position of strategic importance near the Devín Gate (earlier called Hainburger Pforte or Porta Hungarica), and the area includes a picturesque old town.
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