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Encyclopedia > Brassicales
?Brassicales
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Brassicales
Bromhead
Families

See text. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Sir Edward Thomas Ffrench Bromhead (March 26, 1789 – March 14, 1855), second baronet, was an Irish mathematician. ...

The Brassicales are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the eurosids II group of dicotyledons under the APG II system. Brassicales sensu APG II includes families classified under Capparales in previous classifications. One character common to many members of the order is the production of glucosinolate (mustard oil) compounds. The APG II system includes the following families: Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... In the APG II system for the classification of the angiosperms the name rosids refers to a clade, meaning a monophyletic group of plants. ... Young castor oil plant showing its prominent two embryonic leaves (cotyledons), that differ from the adult leaves An example of a trimerous and non-eudicot flower: Magnolia Dicotyledons or dicots are a group of flowering plants whose seed typically contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group is an international group of systematic botanists who have come together to try to establish a consensus view of the taxonomy of flowering plants in the light of the rapid rise of molecular systematics. ... Capparales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants. ...

Under the Cronquist system, the Brassicales were called the Capparales, and included among the Dilleniidae. The only families included were the Brassicaceae and Capparaceae, treated as separate families, and the Tovariaceae, Resedaceae, and Moringaceae. Other taxa now included here were placed in various different orders. Species Batis argillicola Batis californica Batis fruticosa Batis maritima Batis spinosa Batis vermiculatus The unrelated tumbleweed or Russian thistle, for the genus Salsola, is also often called saltwort. ... Genera See text. ... Species See text The mustards are several plant species in the genus Brassica whose proverbially tiny mustard seeds are used as a spice and, by grinding and mixing them with water, vinegar or other liquids, are turned into a condiment also known as mustard. ... Coronary artery bypass surgery is sometimes pronounced Cabbage(s). See also Cabbage car. ... genera See text. ... Genera See text Caricaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Brassicales, native to tropical regions of Central and South America and Africa. ... Binomial name Carica papaya L. The papaya, also known as mamão, tree melon, fruta bomba, lechoza (Venezuela and the Dominican Republic), or pawpaw is the fruit of the tree Carica papaya, in the genus Carica. ... Limnanthes douglassi - POACHED EGG PLANT Beautiful white flowers with a yellow centre, hence the name. ... Species Moringa arborea Moringa borziana Moringa concanensis Moringa drouhardii Moringa hilldebrandtii Moringa longituba Moringa oleifera Moringa ovalifolia Moringa peregrina Moringa pygmaea Moringa rivae Moringa ruspoliana Moringa stenopetala Moringa is the only genus in the family Moringaceae. ... Genera Resedaceae is a family of generally herbaceous dicotyledonous plants comprising some 70 species in six genera: Caylusea Ochradenus Oligomeris Randonia Reseda Sesamoides The family includes annuals, biennials and perennials and is distributed in temperate to sub-tropical regions of the Europe, western Asia, the Middle East, North America, and... Species About 50-70 species, including: Reseda alba - White Mignonette Reseda complicata Glaucous Mignonette Reseda lutea - Wild Mignonette Reseda luteola - Weld Reseda odorata - Common Mignonette Reseda phyteuma - Corn Mignonette Reseda scoparia - Canaries Mignonette Mignonette (Reseda) is a genus of fragrant herbaceous plants native to the Mediterranean region and southwest Asia... Genera Magallana Tropaeastrum Tropaeolum * Older traditional systems placed it in the Geraniales Tropaeolaceae is a small family of three genera and about 80-90 species of soft, scrambling herbaceous plants. ... Nasturtium is a name for two different, unrelated plants: The Genus Nasturtium is a taxon of mostly aquatic or semiaquatic, perennial herbs in the Family Brassicaceae, known as watercresses. ... A system of plant taxonomy, the Cronquist system is a scheme for the classification of flowering plants (or angiosperms). ... genera See text. ...


The circumscriptions of several families are in flux and no consensus has yet emerged. Several genera included in Capparaceae as traditionally circumscribed have proven to be more closely related to Brassicaceae (Hall et al. 2002), and because of this the two families were merged under Brassicaceae in the APG II system. Other references (e.g., Hall et al. 2004) continue to recognize Capparaceae but in a more restricted circumscription, either by including Cleome and related genera in Brassicaceae or by recognizing them in the segregate family Cleomaceae. The relationships of several other genera remain unresolved.

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References

  • Hall, J. C., K. J. Sytsma and H. H. Iltis. 2002. Phylogeny of Capparaceae and Brassicaceae based on chloroplast sequence data. American Journal of Botany 89: 1826-1842 (abstract here).
  • Hall, J. C., H. H. Iltis and K. J. Sytsma. 2004. Molecular phylogenetics of core Brassicales, placement of orphan genera Emblingia, Forchhammeria, Tirania, and character evolution. Systematic Botany 29: 654-669 (abstract here).

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brassicales (4749 words)
The distinctive vertical files of root hairs are known from Limnanthaceae and some terminal members of Brassicales, they have not been observed in Tropaeolaceae, but other taxa have not been studied (Dolan and Costa 2001).
Limnanthaceae are rather soft-stemmed herbs with spiral, exstipulate, deeply-lobed or compound leaves and rather open flowers with a valvate calyx, contorted corolla, and gynobasic style or styles.
The ovules differ from those of other Brassicales, which are crassinucellate, bitegmic, and with a monosporic, 8-nucleate embryo sac, but chemistry and molecular data place them here.
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